/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/utf-8.xml
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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?>
2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/utf-8.xml,v 1.30 2005/08/01 12:53:52 swift Exp $ --> 2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/utf-8.xml,v 1.31 2005/08/01 13:11:05 swift Exp $ -->
3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
4 4
5<guide link="/doc/en/utf-8.xml"> 5<guide link="/doc/en/utf-8.xml">
6<title>Using UTF-8 with Gentoo</title> 6<title>Using UTF-8 with Gentoo</title>
7 7
8<author title="Author"> 8<author title="Author">
9 <mail link="slarti@gentoo.org">Thomas Martin</mail> 9 <mail link="slarti@gentoo.org">Thomas Martin</mail>
10</author> 10</author>
11<author title="Contributor"> 11<author title="Contributor">
12 <mail link="devil@gentoo.org.ua">Alexander Simonov</mail> 12 <mail link="devil@gentoo.org.ua">Alexander Simonov</mail>
13</author> 13</author>
14<author title="Editor"> 14<author title="Editor">
15 <mail link="fox2mike@gentoo.org">Shyam Mani</mail> 15 <mail link="fox2mike@gentoo.org">Shyam Mani</mail>
16</author> 16</author>
17 17
18<abstract> 18<abstract>
19This guide shows you how to set up and use the UTF-8 Unicode character set with 19This guide shows you how to set up and use the UTF-8 Unicode character set with
20your Gentoo Linux system, after explaining the benefits of Unicode and more 20your Gentoo Linux system, after explaining the benefits of Unicode and more
21specifically UTF-8. 21specifically UTF-8.
22</abstract> 22</abstract>
23 23
24<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 24<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
25<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 --> 25<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
26<license /> 26<license />
27 27
28<version>2.10</version> 28<version>2.11</version>
29<date>2005-08-01</date> 29<date>2005-08-01</date>
30 30
31<chapter> 31<chapter>
32<title>Character Encodings</title> 32<title>Character Encodings</title>
33<section> 33<section>
34<title>What is a Character Encoding?</title> 34<title>What is a Character Encoding?</title>
35<body> 35<body>
36 36
37<p> 37<p>
38Computers do not understand text themselves. Instead, every character is 38Computers do not understand text themselves. Instead, every character is
39represented by a number. Traditionally, each set of numbers used to represent 39represented by a number. Traditionally, each set of numbers used to represent
40alphabets and characters (known as a coding system, encoding or character set) 40alphabets and characters (known as a coding system, encoding or character set)
41was limited in size due to limitations in computer hardware. 41was limited in size due to limitations in computer hardware.
42</p> 42</p>
43 43
813</p> 813</p>
814 814
815<p> 815<p>
816By pressing AltGr, Shift and [ at once, releasing them, and then pressing a, a 816By pressing AltGr, Shift and [ at once, releasing them, and then pressing a, a
817Scandinavian 'å' is produced. Similarly, when I press AltGr, Shift and [ at 817Scandinavian 'å' is produced. Similarly, when I press AltGr, Shift and [ at
818once, release <e>only</e> the [, and then press it again, '˚' is produced. 818once, release <e>only</e> the [, and then press it again, '˚' is produced.
819Although it looks like one, this (U+02DA) is not the same as a degree symbol 819Although it looks like one, this (U+02DA) is not the same as a degree symbol
820(U+00B0). This works for other accents produced by dead keys — AltGr and [, 820(U+00B0). This works for other accents produced by dead keys — AltGr and [,
821releasing only the [, then pressing it again makes '¨'. 821releasing only the [, then pressing it again makes '¨'.
822</p> 822</p>
823 823
824<p> 824<p>
825AltGr can be used with alphabetical keys alone. For example, AltGr and m, a 825AltGr can be used with alphabetical keys alone. For example, AltGr and m, a
826Greek lower-case letter mu is produced: 'µ'. AltGr and s produce a 826Greek lower-case letter mu is produced: 'µ'. AltGr and s produce a
827scharfes s or esszet: 'ß'. As many European users would expect (because 827scharfes s or esszet: 'ß'. As many European users would expect (because
828it is marked on their keyboard), AltGr and 4 produces a Euro sign, '€'. 828it is marked on their keyboard), AltGr and 4 (or E depending on the keyboard
829layout) produces a Euro sign, '€'.
829</p> 830</p>
830 831
831</body> 832</body>
832</section> 833</section>
833<section> 834<section>
834<title>Resources</title> 835<title>Resources</title>
835<body> 836<body>
836 837
837<ul> 838<ul>
838 <li> 839 <li>
839 <uri link="http://www.wikipedia.com/wiki/Unicode">The Wikipedia entry for 840 <uri link="http://www.wikipedia.com/wiki/Unicode">The Wikipedia entry for
840 Unicode</uri> 841 Unicode</uri>
841 </li> 842 </li>
842 <li> 843 <li>
843 <uri link="http://www.wikipedia.com/wiki/UTF-8">The Wikipedia entry for 844 <uri link="http://www.wikipedia.com/wiki/UTF-8">The Wikipedia entry for

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