/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/virt-mail-howto.xml
Gentoo

Diff of /xml/htdocs/doc/en/virt-mail-howto.xml

Parent Directory Parent Directory | Revision Log Revision Log | View Patch Patch

Revision 1.42 Revision 1.61
1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/virt-mail-howto.xml,v 1.42 2005/03/25 14:39:17 neysx Exp $ -->
3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
3<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/virt-mail-howto.xml,v 1.61 2010/10/14 06:11:38 nightmorph Exp $ -->
4 4
5<guide link="/doc/en/virt-mail-howto.xml"> 5<guide>
6<title>Virtual Mailhosting System with Postfix Guide</title> 6<title>Virtual Mailhosting System with Postfix Guide</title>
7 7
8<author title="Author"> 8<author title="Author">
9 <mail link="antifa@gentoo.org">Ken Nowack</mail> 9 <mail link="antifa@gentoo.org">Ken Nowack</mail>
10</author> 10</author>
12 <mail link="ezra@revoltltd.org">Ezra Gorman</mail> 12 <mail link="ezra@revoltltd.org">Ezra Gorman</mail>
13</author> 13</author>
14<author title="Editor"> 14<author title="Editor">
15 <mail link="klasikahl@gentoo.org">Zack Gilburd</mail> 15 <mail link="klasikahl@gentoo.org">Zack Gilburd</mail>
16</author> 16</author>
17<author title="Editor">
18 <mail link="seather@scygro.za.net">Scygro</mail>
19</author>
20<author title="Editor">
21 <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail>
22</author>
17 23
18<abstract> 24<abstract>
19This document details how to create a virtual mailhosting system based upon 25This document details how to create a virtual mailhosting system based upon
20postfix, mysql, courier-imap, and cyrus-sasl. 26postfix, mysql, courier-imap, and cyrus-sasl.
21</abstract> 27</abstract>
22 28
23<version>1.0.19</version> 29<version>2</version>
24<date>2005-03-25</date> 30<date>2010-10-13</date>
25
26<!--
27Contents
28
29I. Introduction
30II. Postfix Basics
31III. Courier-imap
32IV. Cyrus-sasl
33V. SSL Certificates for Postfix and Apache
34VI. Adding SSL and SASL support to Postfix
35VII. MySQL
36VIII. Apache and phpMyAdmin
37IX. The vmail user
38X. Configuring MySQL Authentication and vhosts
39XI. Squirrelmail
40XII. Mailman
41XIII. Content Filtering and Anti-Virus
42XIV. Wrap Up
43XV. Troubleshooting
44-->
45 31
46<chapter> 32<chapter>
47<title>Introduction</title> 33<title>Introduction</title>
48<section> 34<section>
49<body> 35<body>
50 36
51<p> 37<p>
52For most gentoo users, a simple mail client and fetchmail will do. However, if 38For most Gentoo users, a simple mail client and fetchmail will do. However, if
53you're hosting a domain with your system, you'll need a full blown MTA (Mail 39you're hosting a domain with your system, you'll need a full blown MTA (Mail
54Transfer Agent). And if you're hosting multiple domains, then you'll definitely 40Transfer Agent). And if you're hosting multiple domains, then you'll definitely
55need something more robust to handle all of the email for your users. This 41need something more robust to handle all of the email for your users. This
56system was designed to be an elegant solution to that problem. 42system was designed to be an elegant solution to that problem.
57</p> 43</p>
82needs. Consider investigating <uri>http://www.qmail.org/</uri> and 68needs. Consider investigating <uri>http://www.qmail.org/</uri> and
83<uri>http://www.exim.org/</uri> to explore your options. 69<uri>http://www.exim.org/</uri> to explore your options.
84</p> 70</p>
85 71
86<p> 72<p>
87The following packages are used in this setup: apache, courier-imap, pam_mysql, 73The following packages are used in this setup: apache, courier-imap,
88postfix, mod_php, phpmyadmin, squirrelmail, cyrus-sasl, mysql, php, and 74courier-authlib postfix, mod_php, phpmyadmin, squirrelmail, cyrus-sasl, mysql,
89mailman. 75php, and mailman.
90</p> 76</p>
91 77
92<p> 78<p>
93Make sure to turn on the following USE variables in <path>/etc/make.conf</path> 79Make sure to turn on the following USE variables in <path>/etc/make.conf</path>
94before compiling the packages: <c>USE="mysql pam-mysql imap libwww maildir 80before compiling the packages: <c>USE="mysql imap libwww maildir
95sasl ssl"</c>. Otherwise you will most likely have to recompile things to 81sasl ssl"</c>. Otherwise you will most likely have to recompile things to
96get the support you need for all the protocols. Further, it's a good idea to 82get the support you need for all the protocols. Further, it's a good idea to
97turn off any other mail and network variables, like ipv6. 83turn off any other mail and network variables, like ipv6.
98</p> 84</p>
99
100<impo>
101This howto was written for postfix-2.0.x. If you are using postfix &lt; 2 some
102of the variables in this document will be different. It is recommended that you
103upgrade. Some other packages included in this howto are version sensitive as
104well. You are advised to read the documentation included with packages if you
105run into issues with this.
106</impo>
107
108<impo>
109This document uses apache-1.3.x. Apache-2 has been marked stable in portage.
110However there are still a number of issues with php integration. Until php
111support in apache-2.0.x is marked stable, this guide will continue to use the
1121.3.x version.
113</impo>
114 85
115<impo> 86<impo>
116You need a domain name to run a public mail server, or at least an MX record 87You need a domain name to run a public mail server, or at least an MX record
117for a domain. Ideally you would have control of at least two domains to take 88for a domain. Ideally you would have control of at least two domains to take
118advantage of your new virtual domain functionality. 89advantage of your new virtual domain functionality.
119</impo> 90</impo>
120 91
121<impo> 92<impo>
122Make sure <path>/etc/hostname</path> is set to the right hostname for your mail 93Make sure <path>/etc/conf.d/hostname</path> is set to the right hostname for
123server. Verify your hostname is set correctly with <c>hostname</c>. Also 94your mail server. You can apply any changes you make to this file by running
124verify that there are no conflicting entries in <path>/etc/hosts</path>. 95<c>/etc/init.d/hostname restart</c>. Verify your hostname is set correctly with
96<c>hostname</c>. Also verify that there are no conflicting entries in
97<path>/etc/hosts</path>.
125</impo> 98</impo>
126 99
127<note> 100<note>
128It is recommended that you read this entire document and familiarize yourself 101It is recommended that you read this entire document and familiarize yourself
129with all the steps before attempting the install. If you run into problems with 102with all the steps before attempting the install. If you run into problems with
146# <i>emerge postfix</i> 119# <i>emerge postfix</i>
147</pre> 120</pre>
148 121
149<warn> 122<warn>
150Verify that you have not installed any other MTA, such as ssmtp, exim, or 123Verify that you have not installed any other MTA, such as ssmtp, exim, or
151qmail, or you will surely have BIG problems. 124netqmail, or you will surely have BIG problems.
152</warn> 125</warn>
153 126
154<p> 127<p>
155After postfix is installed, it's time to configure it. Change the following 128After postfix is installed, it's time to configure it. Change the following
156options in <path>/etc/postfix/main.cf</path>: 129options in <path>/etc/postfix/main.cf</path>. Remember to replace
130<c>$variables</c> with your own names.
157</p> 131</p>
158 132
159<pre caption="/etc/postfix/main.cf"> 133<pre caption="/etc/postfix/main.cf">
160myhostname = $host.domain.name 134myhostname = $host.domain.name
161mydomain = $domain.name 135mydomain = $domain.name
188 162
189<pre caption="Starting postfix for the first time"> 163<pre caption="Starting postfix for the first time">
190# <i>/usr/bin/newaliases</i> 164# <i>/usr/bin/newaliases</i>
191<comment>(This will install the new aliases. You only need to do this 165<comment>(This will install the new aliases. You only need to do this
192when you update or install aliases.)</comment> 166when you update or install aliases.)</comment>
193 167
194# <i>/etc/init.d/postfix start</i> 168# <i>/etc/init.d/postfix start</i>
195</pre> 169</pre>
196 170
197<p> 171<p>
198Now that postfix is running, fire up your favorite console mail client and send 172Now that postfix is running, fire up your favorite console mail client and send
213<chapter> 187<chapter>
214<title>Courier-imap</title> 188<title>Courier-imap</title>
215<section> 189<section>
216<body> 190<body>
217 191
218<pre caption="Install courier-imap"> 192<pre caption="Install courier-imap and courier-authlib">
219# <i>emerge courier-imap</i> 193# <i>emerge courier-imap courier-authlib</i>
220</pre> 194</pre>
221 195
222<pre caption="Courier-imap configuration"> 196<pre caption="Courier-imap configuration">
223# <i>cd /etc/courier-imap</i> 197# <i>cd /etc/courier-imap</i>
224<comment>(If you want to use the ssl capabilities of courier-imap or pop3, 198<comment>(If you want to use the ssl capabilities of courier-imap or pop3,
240# <i>/etc/init.d/courier-pop3d-ssl start</i> 214# <i>/etc/init.d/courier-pop3d-ssl start</i>
241</pre> 215</pre>
242 216
243<p> 217<p>
244Start up your favorite mail client and verify that all connections you've 218Start up your favorite mail client and verify that all connections you've
245started work for receiving and sending mail. Now that the basics work, we're 219started work for receiving and sending mail. Of course, you won't be able to log
246going to do a whole bunch of stuff at once to get the rest of the system 220on to any of the services because authentication hasn't been configured yet, but
247running. Again, please verify that what we've installed already works before 221it is wise to check if the connections themselves work or not.
248progressing. 222</p>
223
224<p>
225Now that the basics work, we're going to do a whole bunch of stuff at once to
226get the rest of the system running. Again, please verify that what we've
227installed already works before progressing.
249</p> 228</p>
250 229
251</body> 230</body>
252</section> 231</section>
253</chapter> 232</chapter>
257<section> 236<section>
258<body> 237<body>
259 238
260<p> 239<p>
261Next we're going to install cyrus-sasl. Sasl is going to play the role of 240Next we're going to install cyrus-sasl. Sasl is going to play the role of
262actually passing your auth variables to pam, which will in turn pass that 241actually passing your auth variables to courier-auth, which will in turn pass
263information to mysql for authentication of smtp users. For this howto, we'll 242that information to mysql for authentication of smtp users. For this howto,
264not even try to verify that sasl is working until mysql is set up and contains 243we'll not even try to verify that sasl is working until mysql is set up and
265a test user. Which is fine since we'll be authenticating against mysql in the 244contains a test user. Which is fine since we'll be authenticating against
266end anyway. 245mysql in the end anyway.
267</p> 246</p>
268 247
269<pre caption="Configuring and installing the cyrus-sasl ebuild"> 248<pre caption="Configuring and installing the cyrus-sasl ebuild">
270# <i>emerge cyrus-sasl</i> 249# <i>emerge cyrus-sasl</i>
271</pre> 250</pre>
277<pre caption="Starting sasl"> 256<pre caption="Starting sasl">
278# <i>nano -w /etc/sasl2/smtpd.conf</i> 257# <i>nano -w /etc/sasl2/smtpd.conf</i>
279mech_list: PLAIN LOGIN 258mech_list: PLAIN LOGIN
280pwcheck_method: saslauthd 259pwcheck_method: saslauthd
281# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/saslauthd</i> 260# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/saslauthd</i>
282SASLAUTHD_OPTS="${SASLAUTH_MECH} -a pam -r" 261SASLAUTHD_OPTS="${SASLAUTH_MECH} -a rimap -r"
262SASLAUTHD_OPTS="${SASLAUTHD_OPTS} -O localhost"
283# <i>/etc/init.d/saslauthd start</i> 263# <i>/etc/init.d/saslauthd start</i>
284</pre> 264</pre>
285 265
286</body> 266</body>
287</section> 267</section>
309emailAddress_default. 289emailAddress_default.
310 290
311<comment>(If the variables are not already present, just add them in a sensible place.)</comment> 291<comment>(If the variables are not already present, just add them in a sensible place.)</comment>
312 292
313# <i>cd misc</i> 293# <i>cd misc</i>
314# <i>nano -w CA.pl</i> 294# <i>./CA.pl -newreq-nodes</i>
315<comment>(We need to add -nodes to the # create a certificate and
316#create a certificate request code in order to let our new ssl
317certs be loaded without a password. Otherwise when you
318reboot your ssl certs will not be available.)</comment>
319
320# create a certificate
321system ("$REQ -new -nodes -x509 -keyout newreq.pem -out newreq.pem $DAYS");
322
323# create a certificate request
324system ("$REQ -new -nodes -keyout newreq.pem -out newreq.pem $DAYS");
325
326# <i>./CA.pl -newca</i> 295# <i>./CA.pl -newca</i>
327# <i>./CA.pl -newreq</i>
328# <i>./CA.pl -sign</i> 296# <i>./CA.pl -sign</i>
329# <i>cp newcert.pem /etc/postfix</i> 297# <i>cp newcert.pem /etc/postfix</i>
330# <i>cp newreq.pem /etc/postfix</i> 298# <i>cp newkey.pem /etc/postfix</i>
331# <i>cp demoCA/cacert.pem /etc/postfix</i> 299# <i>cp demoCA/cacert.pem /etc/postfix</i>
332<comment>(Now we do the same thing for apache.)</comment> 300<comment>(Now we do the same thing for apache.)</comment>
333 301
334# <i>openssl req -new > new.cert.csr</i> 302# <i>openssl req -new > new.cert.csr</i>
335# <i>openssl rsa -in privkey.pem -out new.cert.key</i> 303# <i>openssl rsa -in privkey.pem -out new.cert.key</i>
368smtpd_sasl_local_domain appends a domain name to clients using 336smtpd_sasl_local_domain appends a domain name to clients using
369smtp-auth. Make sure it's blank or your user names will get 337smtp-auth. Make sure it's blank or your user names will get
370mangled by postfix and be unable to auth.)</comment> 338mangled by postfix and be unable to auth.)</comment>
371 339
372smtpd_recipient_restrictions = 340smtpd_recipient_restrictions =
373 permit_sasl_authenticated, 341 permit_sasl_authenticated,
374 permit_mynetworks, 342 permit_mynetworks,
375 reject_unauth_destination 343 reject_unauth_destination
376
377 344
345<comment>(The next two options enable outgoing encryption.)</comment>
346smtp_use_tls = yes
347smtp_tls_note_starttls_offer = yes
378smtpd_use_tls = yes 348smtpd_use_tls = yes
379#smtpd_tls_auth_only = yes 349#smtpd_tls_auth_only = yes
380smtpd_tls_key_file = /etc/postfix/newreq.pem 350smtpd_tls_key_file = /etc/postfix/newkey.pem
381smtpd_tls_cert_file = /etc/postfix/newcert.pem 351smtpd_tls_cert_file = /etc/postfix/newcert.pem
382smtpd_tls_CAfile = /etc/postfix/cacert.pem 352smtpd_tls_CAfile = /etc/postfix/cacert.pem
383smtpd_tls_loglevel = 3 353smtpd_tls_loglevel = 3
384smtpd_tls_received_header = yes 354smtpd_tls_received_header = yes
385smtpd_tls_session_cache_timeout = 3600s 355smtpd_tls_session_cache_timeout = 3600s
391# <i>postfix reload</i> 361# <i>postfix reload</i>
392</pre> 362</pre>
393 363
394<p> 364<p>
395Now we're going to verify that the config's we added were picked up by postfix. 365Now we're going to verify that the config's we added were picked up by postfix.
366For this we are going to use <c>telnet</c> (provided by for instance
367<c>net-misc/netkit-telnetd</c>) although you can also use <c>nc</c> (provided by
368<c>net-analyzer/netcat</c>):
396</p> 369</p>
397 370
398<pre caption="Verifying sasl and tls support"> 371<pre caption="Verifying sasl and tls support">
399# <i>telnet localhost 25</i> 372# <i>telnet localhost 25</i>
400 373
428</body> 401</body>
429</section> 402</section>
430</chapter> 403</chapter>
431 404
432<chapter> 405<chapter>
406<title>The vmail user</title>
407<section>
408<body>
409
410<p>
411Before we set up our virtual mailhosting environment, we create a functional
412user under which the virtual mailboxes will be hosted. For clarity's sake we
413will call this <e>vmail</e>:
414</p>
415
416<pre caption="Adding the vmail user">
417# <i>useradd -d /home/vmail -s /bin/false -m vmail</i>
418</pre>
419
420<p>
421So now you've set up the vmail account. You can create multiple accounts if you
422want (to keep some structure in your set of virtual mail accounts). The user id,
423group id and home dirs are referenced in the MySQL tables.
424</p>
425
426<p>
427Next to the user account we also need to create the location where the mailboxes
428will reside:
429</p>
430
431<pre caption="Creating mailboxes">
432# <i>mkdir -p /home/vmail/virt-domain.com/foo</i>
433# <i>chown -R vmail:vmail /home/vmail/virt-domain.com</i>
434# <i>maildirmake /home/vmail/virt-domain.com/foo/.maildir</i>
435</pre>
436
437</body>
438</section>
439</chapter>
440
441<chapter>
433<title>MySQL</title> 442<title>MySQL</title>
434<section> 443<section>
435<body> 444<body>
436 445
437<p> 446<p>
443<pre caption="Installing and configuring MySQL"> 452<pre caption="Installing and configuring MySQL">
444# <i>emerge mysql</i> 453# <i>emerge mysql</i>
445 454
446# <i>/usr/bin/mysql_install_db</i> 455# <i>/usr/bin/mysql_install_db</i>
447<comment>(After this command runs follow the onscreen directions 456<comment>(After this command runs follow the onscreen directions
448for adding a root password with mysql, 457for adding a root password with mysql, otherwise your db will
449not mysqladmin, otherwise your db will be wide open.)</comment> 458be wide open.)</comment>
450 459
451# <i>/etc/init.d/mysql start</i> 460# <i>/etc/init.d/mysql start</i>
452# <i>mysqladmin -u root -p create mailsql</i> 461# <i>mysqladmin -u root -p create mailsql</i>
453# <i>mysql -u root -p mailsql &lt; genericmailsql.sql</i> 462# <i>mysql -u root -p mailsql &lt; genericmailsql.sql</i>
454
455# <i>mysql -u root -p mysql</i> 463# <i>mysql -u root -p mysql</i>
456mysql> <i>GRANT SELECT,INSERT,UPDATE,DELETE</i> 464mysql> <i>GRANT SELECT,INSERT,UPDATE,DELETE</i>
457 -> <i>ON mailsql.*</i> 465 -> <i>ON mailsql.*</i>
458 -> <i>TO mailsql@localhost</i> 466 -> <i>TO mailsql@localhost</i>
459 -> <i>IDENTIFIED BY '$password';</i> 467 -> <i>IDENTIFIED BY '$password';</i>
468Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.02 sec)
460 469
461 -> <i>quit</i> 470mysql> <i>FLUSH PRIVILEGES;</i>
471Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)
472
473mysql> <i>quit</i>
462<comment>(Verify that the new mailsql user can connect to the mysql server.)</comment> 474<comment>(Verify that the new mailsql user can connect to the mysql server.)</comment>
463 475
464# <i>mysql -u mailsql -p mailsql</i> 476# <i>mysql -u mailsql -p mailsql</i>
465</pre> 477</pre>
466 478
479 <li>users - all user account information</li> 491 <li>users - all user account information</li>
480 <li>virtual - virtual domain email alias maps</li> 492 <li>virtual - virtual domain email alias maps</li>
481</ul> 493</ul>
482 494
483<pre caption="alias table sample"> 495<pre caption="alias table sample">
484id alias destination 496id alias destination
4851 root foo@bar.com 4971 root foo@bar.com
4862 postmaster foo@bar.com 4982 postmaster foo@bar.com
487</pre> 499</pre>
488 500
489<pre caption="user table sample"> 501<pre caption="user table sample">
490<comment>(Line wrapped for clarity.)</comment> 502<comment>(Line wrapped for clarity.)</comment>
491id email clear name uid gid homedir \ 503id email clear name uid gid homedir \
492 maildir quota postfix 504 maildir quota postfix
49310 foo@virt-bar.org $password realname virtid virtid /home/vmail \ 50510 foo@virt-domain.com $password realname virtid virtid /home/vmail \
494 /home/vmail/virt-bar.org/foo/.maildir/ y 506 /home/vmail/virt-domain.com/foo/.maildir/ y
49513 foo@bar.com $password realname localid localid /home/foo \ 50713 foo@bar.com $password realname localid localid /home/foo \
496 /home/foo/.maildir/ y 508 /home/foo/.maildir/ y
497</pre> 509</pre>
498 510
499<p> 511<p>
500The values of the <c>virtid</c> uid and gid should be those of the <c>vmail</c> 512The values of the <c>virtid</c> uid and gid should be those of the <c>vmail</c>
501user and group. 513user and group.
502</p> 514</p>
503 515
504<pre caption="transport table sample"> 516<pre caption="transport table sample">
505id domain destination 517id domain destination
5061 bar.com local: 5181 bar.com local:
5072 virt-bar.org virtual: 5192 virt-domain.com virtual:
508</pre> 520</pre>
509 521
510<pre caption="virtual table sample"> 522<pre caption="virtual table sample">
511id email destination 523id email destination
5123 root@virt-bar.org other@email.address 5243 root@virt-domain.com other@email.address
513</pre> 525</pre>
514 526
515</body> 527</body>
516</section> 528</section>
517</chapter> 529</chapter>
525Next we'll set up apache and add an interface to interact with the database 537Next we'll set up apache and add an interface to interact with the database
526more easily. 538more easily.
527</p> 539</p>
528 540
529<pre caption="Setting up apache and phpmyadmin"> 541<pre caption="Setting up apache and phpmyadmin">
530# <i>emerge apache mod_php phpmyadmin</i> 542# <i>emerge apache phpmyadmin</i>
531</pre> 543</pre>
532 544
533<p> 545<p>
534There are plenty of guides out there about how to set up apache with php. Like 546There are plenty of guides out there about how to set up apache with php,
535this one: <uri>http://www.linuxguruz.org/z.php?id=31</uri>. There are also 547including guides provided by the <uri link="/proj/en/php/">Gentoo PHP
548Project</uri>. There are also numerous posts on
536numerous posts on <uri>http://forums.gentoo.org</uri> detailing how to solve 549<uri>http://forums.gentoo.org</uri> detailing how to solve problems with the
537problems with the installation (search for 'apache php'). So, that said, I'm 550installation. So, that said, we're not going to cover it here. Set up the
538not going to cover it here. Set up the apache and php installs, then continue 551apache and php installs, then continue with this howto. Now, a word for the
539with this howto. Now, a word for the wise: .htaccess the directory that you put 552wise: .htaccess the directory that you put phpmyadmin in. If you do not do this,
540phpmyadmin in. If you do not do this, search engine spiders will come along and 553search engine spiders will come along and index the page which in turn will mean
541index the page which in turn will mean that anyone will be able to find your 554that anyone will be able to find your phpmyadmin page via google and in turn be
542phpmyadmin page via google and in turn be able to come change your database 555able to come change your database however they want which is <e>BAD!</e> There
543however they want which is <e>BAD!</e> There are many howtos on this 556are many howtos on this including:
544including: <uri>http://www.csoft.net/docs/micro/htaccess.html.en</uri>. 557<uri>http://www.csoft.net/docs/micro/htaccess.html.en</uri>.
545</p> 558</p>
546 559
547<p> 560<p>
548Now we're going to install the Apache certificates we made previously. The 561Now we're going to install the Apache certificates we made previously. The
549Apache-SSL directives that you need to use the resulting cert are: 562Apache-SSL directives that you need to use the resulting cert are:
553 <li>SSLCertificateFile /path/to/certs/new.cert.cert</li> 566 <li>SSLCertificateFile /path/to/certs/new.cert.cert</li>
554 <li>SSLCertificateKeyFile /path/to/certs/new.cert.key</li> 567 <li>SSLCertificateKeyFile /path/to/certs/new.cert.key</li>
555</ul> 568</ul>
556 569
557<pre caption="Install Apache SSL certificates"> 570<pre caption="Install Apache SSL certificates">
558# <i>cp /etc/ssl/misc/new.cert.cert /etc/apache/conf/ssl/</i> 571# <i>cp /etc/ssl/misc/new.cert.cert /etc/apache2/ssl/</i>
559# <i>cp /etc/ssl/misc/new.cert.key /etc/apache/conf/ssl/</i> 572# <i>cp /etc/ssl/misc/new.cert.key /etc/apache2/ssl/</i>
560# <i>nano -w /etc/apache/conf/vhosts/ssl.default-vhost.conf</i> 573# <i>cd /etc/apache2/vhosts.d</i>
574<comment>(Check if you have an ssl-vhost template already.
575 Copy that one instead of the default_vhost if that is the case)</comment>
576# <i>cp 00_default_vhost.conf ssl-vhost.conf</i>
577# <i>nano -w ssl-vhost.conf</i>
561 578
562<comment>(Change the following parameters)</comment> 579<comment>(Change the following parameters)</comment>
580NameVirtualHost host.domain.name:443
563 581
582&lt;VirtualHost host.domain.name:443&gt;
564ServerName host.domain.name 583 ServerName host.domain.name
565ServerAdmin your@email.address 584 ServerAdmin your@email.address
585
586 DocumentRoot "/var/www/localhost/htdocs/phpmyadmin";
587 &lt;Directory "/var/www/localhost/htdocs/phpmyadmin"&gt;
588 ...
589 &lt;/Directory&gt;
590
566SSLCertificateFile /etc/apache/conf/ssl/new.cert.cert 591 SSLCertificateFile /etc/apache2/ssl/new.cert.cert
567SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/apache/conf/ssl/new.cert.key 592 SSLCertificateKeyFile /etc/apache2/ssl/new.cert.key
593 SSLEngine on
594 ...
595&lt;/VirtualHost&gt;
568 596
597# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/apache2</i>
598<comment>(Add -D SSL -D PHP5 to the APACHE2_OPTS)</comment>
599
569# <i>/etc/init.d/apache restart</i> 600# <i>/etc/init.d/apache2 restart</i>
570</pre> 601</pre>
571
572<note>
573If you have an existing apache install, you'll likely have to perform a full
574server reboot to install your new certificates. Check your logs to verify
575apache restarted successfully.
576</note>
577 602
578<p> 603<p>
579Next, configure phpMyAdmin. 604Next, configure phpMyAdmin.
580</p> 605</p>
581 606
582<pre caption="Configuring phpMyAdmin"> 607<pre caption="Configuring phpMyAdmin">
583# <i>nano -w /var/www/localhost/htdocs/phpmyadmin/config.inc.php</i> 608# <i>cd /var/www/localhost/htdocs/phpmyadmin</i>
609# <i>cp config.sample.inc.php config.inc.php</i>
610# <i>nano -w config.inc.php</i>
584<comment>(Change the following parameters.)</comment> 611<comment>(Change the following parameters.)</comment>
612$cfg['blowfish_secret'] = 'someverysecretpassphraze';
585 613
586$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] = 'localhost'; // MySQL hostname 614$cfg['Servers'][$i]['host'] = 'localhost'; // MySQL hostname
587$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controluser'] = 'mailsql'; // MySQL control user settings 615$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controluser'] = 'mailsql'; // MySQL control user settings
588 // (this user must have read-only 616 // (this user must have read-only
589$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlpass'] = '$password'; // access to the "mysql/user" 617$cfg['Servers'][$i]['controlpass'] = '$password'; // access to the "mysql/user"
596Now enter the phpmyadmin page and browse the tables. You'll want to add in your 624Now enter the phpmyadmin page and browse the tables. You'll want to add in your
597local aliases, edit your user table to add a test user, and change your 625local aliases, edit your user table to add a test user, and change your
598transport table to add information about your domains. The default values 626transport table to add information about your domains. The default values
599supplied with the dumpfile should be a sufficient guide to what values need to 627supplied with the dumpfile should be a sufficient guide to what values need to
600go where. Make sure that if you put information in the database that it is 628go where. Make sure that if you put information in the database that it is
601accurate. For instance, make sure the local users home dir exists and that the 629accurate. For instance, make sure the local user's home dir exists and that the
602correct uid/gid values are in place. The maildirs should be created 630correct uid/gid values are in place. The maildirs should be created
603automatically by postfix when the user receives their first email. So, in 631automatically by postfix when the user receives their first email. So, in
604general, it's a good idea to send a "Welcome" mail to a new user 632general, it's a good idea to send a "Welcome" mail to a new user after you
605after you setup their account to make sure the .maildir gets created. 633setup their account to make sure the .maildir gets created.
606</p>
607
608</body>
609</section>
610</chapter>
611
612<chapter>
613<title>The vmail user</title>
614<section>
615<body>
616
617<p>
618At this point you may be wondering what user and directory to use for virtual
619mail users, and rightly so. Let's set that up.
620</p>
621
622<pre caption="Adding the vmail user">
623# <i>adduser -d /home/vmail -s /bin/false vmail</i>
624# <i>uid=`cat /etc/passwd | grep vmail | cut -f 3 -d :`</i>
625# <i>groupadd -g $uid vmail</i>
626# <i>mkdir /home/vmail</i>
627# <i>chown vmail: /home/vmail</i>
628</pre>
629
630<p>
631So now when you're setting up vmail accounts, use the vmail uid, gid, and
632homedir. When you're setting up local accounts, use that users uid, gid, and
633homedir. We've been meaning to create a php admin page for this setup but
634haven't gotten around to it yet, as phpmyadmin generally works fine for us.
635</p> 634</p>
636 635
637</body> 636</body>
638</section> 637</section>
639</chapter> 638</chapter>
648courier-imap and postfix. In all of the following examples, replace 647courier-imap and postfix. In all of the following examples, replace
649<c>$password</c> with the password you set for the mailsql mysql user. 648<c>$password</c> with the password you set for the mailsql mysql user.
650</p> 649</p>
651 650
652<pre caption="Configuring authentication"> 651<pre caption="Configuring authentication">
653# <i>emerge pam_mysql</i>
654# <i>nano -w /etc/pam.d/imap</i>
655<comment>(Comment out the existing auth lines and add the following as shown.)</comment>
656
657#auth required pam_nologin.so
658#auth required pam_stack.so service=system-auth
659#account required pam_stack.so service=system-auth
660#session required pam_stack.so service=system-auth
661
662auth optional pam_mysql.so host=localhost db=mailsql user=mailsql \
663 passwd=$password table=users usercolumn=email passwdcolumn=clear crypt=0
664account required pam_mysql.so host=localhost db=mailsql user=mailsql \
665 passwd=$password table=users usercolumn=email passwdcolumn=clear crypt=0
666
667# <i>nano -w /etc/pam.d/pop3</i>
668# <i>nano -w /etc/pam.d/smtp</i>
669<comment>(Make the same changes to the pop3 and smtp files.)</comment>
670</pre>
671
672<p>
673Next, we need to edit courier's authentication config's.
674</p>
675
676<pre caption="Configuring authentication">
677# <i>nano -w /etc/courier-imap/authdaemonrc</i> 652# <i>nano -w /etc/courier/authlib/authdaemonrc</i>
678authmodulelist="authmysql authpam" 653authmodulelist="authmysql authpam"
679 654
680# <i>nano -w /etc/courier-imap/authdaemond.conf</i>
681AUTHDAEMOND="authdaemond.mysql"
682
683# <i>nano -w /etc/courier-imap/authmysqlrc</i> 655# <i>nano -w /etc/courier/authlib/authmysqlrc</i>
684MYSQL_SERVER localhost 656MYSQL_SERVER localhost
685MYSQL_USERNAME mailsql 657MYSQL_USERNAME mailsql
686MYSQL_PASSWORD $password 658MYSQL_PASSWORD $password
687MYSQL_DATABASE mailsql 659MYSQL_DATABASE mailsql
688MYSQL_USER_TABLE users 660MYSQL_USER_TABLE users
694MYSQL_LOGIN_FIELD email 666MYSQL_LOGIN_FIELD email
695MYSQL_HOME_FIELD homedir 667MYSQL_HOME_FIELD homedir
696MYSQL_NAME_FIELD name 668MYSQL_NAME_FIELD name
697MYSQL_MAILDIR_FIELD maildir 669MYSQL_MAILDIR_FIELD maildir
698 670
699# <i>/etc/init.d/authdaemond restart</i> 671# <i>/etc/init.d/courier-authlib restart</i>
700# <i>/etc/init.d/saslauthd restart</i> 672# <i>/etc/init.d/saslauthd restart</i>
701</pre> 673</pre>
702 674
703<p> 675<p>
704We're almost there I promise! Next, set up the rest of the necessary config's 676We're almost there, I promise! Next, set up the rest of the necessary configs
705for postfix to interract with the database for all it's other transport needs. 677for postfix to interract with the database for all its other transport needs.
678Remember to replace each value with the name of your own user, user id,
679password, alias, email address, and so on.
706</p> 680</p>
707 681
708<pre caption="/etc/postfix/mysql-aliases.cf"> 682<pre caption="/etc/postfix/mysql-aliases.cf">
709# <i>nano -w /etc/postfix/mysql-aliases.cf</i> 683# <i>nano -w /etc/postfix/mysql-aliases.cf</i>
710# mysql-aliases.cf 684# mysql-aliases.cf
711 685
712user = mailsql 686user = mailsql
713password = $password 687password = $password
714dbname = mailsql 688dbname = mailsql
715table = alias 689table = alias
716select_field = destination 690select_field = destination
717where_field = alias 691where_field = alias
718hosts = unix:/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock 692hosts = unix:/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
719</pre> 693</pre>
720 694
721<pre caption="/etc/postfix/mysql-relocated.cf"> 695<pre caption="/etc/postfix/mysql-relocated.cf">
722# <i>nano -w /etc/postfix/mysql-relocated.cf</i> 696# <i>nano -w /etc/postfix/mysql-relocated.cf</i>
723# mysql-relocated.cf 697# mysql-relocated.cf
724 698
725user = mailsql 699user = mailsql
726password = $password 700password = $password
727dbname = mailsql 701dbname = mailsql
728table = relocated 702table = relocated
729select_field = destination 703select_field = destination
730where_field = email 704where_field = email
731hosts = unix:/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock 705hosts = unix:/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
732</pre> 706</pre>
733 707
734<pre caption="/etc/postfix/mysql-transport.cf (optional)"> 708<pre caption="/etc/postfix/mysql-transport.cf (optional)">
735# <i>nano -w /etc/postfix/mysql-transport.cf</i> 709# <i>nano -w /etc/postfix/mysql-transport.cf</i>
736# mysql-transport.cf 710# mysql-transport.cf
737 711
738user = mailsql 712user = mailsql
739password = $password 713password = $password
740dbname = mailsql 714dbname = mailsql
741table = transport 715table = transport
742select_field = destination 716select_field = destination
743where_field = domain 717where_field = domain
744hosts = unix:/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock 718hosts = unix:/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
745</pre> 719</pre>
746 720
747<pre caption="/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-gid.cf (optional)"> 721<pre caption="/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-gid.cf (optional)">
748# <i>nano -w /etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-gid.cf</i> 722# <i>nano -w /etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-gid.cf</i>
749#myql-virtual-gid.cf 723# mysql-virtual-gid.cf
750 724
751user = mailsql 725user = mailsql
752password = $password 726password = $password
753dbname = mailsql 727dbname = mailsql
754table = users 728table = users
755select_field = gid 729select_field = gid
756where_field = email 730where_field = email
757additional_conditions = and postfix = 'y' 731additional_conditions = and postfix = 'y'
758hosts = unix:/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock 732hosts = unix:/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
759</pre> 733</pre>
760 734
761<pre caption="/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-maps.cf"> 735<pre caption="/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-maps.cf">
762# <i>nano -w /etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-maps.cf</i> 736# <i>nano -w /etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-maps.cf</i>
763#myql-virtual-maps.cf 737# mysql-virtual-maps.cf
764 738
765user = mailsql 739user = mailsql
766password = $password 740password = $password
767dbname = mailsql 741dbname = mailsql
768table = users 742table = users
769select_field = maildir 743select_field = maildir
770where_field = email 744where_field = email
771additional_conditions = and postfix = 'y' 745additional_conditions = and postfix = 'y'
772hosts = unix:/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock 746hosts = unix:/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
773</pre> 747</pre>
774 748
775<pre caption="/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-uid.cf (optional)"> 749<pre caption="/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-uid.cf (optional)">
779user = mailsql 753user = mailsql
780password = $password 754password = $password
781dbname = mailsql 755dbname = mailsql
782table = users 756table = users
783select_field = uid 757select_field = uid
784where_field = email 758where_field = email
785additional_conditions = and postfix = 'y' 759additional_conditions = and postfix = 'y'
786hosts = unix:/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock 760hosts = unix:/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
787</pre> 761</pre>
788 762
789<pre caption="/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual.cf"> 763<pre caption="/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual.cf">
790# <i>nano -w /etc/postfix/mysql-virtual.cf</i> 764# <i>nano -w /etc/postfix/mysql-virtual.cf</i>
791# mysql-virtual.cf 765# mysql-virtual.cf
792 766
793user = mailsql 767user = mailsql
794password = $password 768password = $password
795dbname = mailsql 769dbname = mailsql
796table = virtual 770table = virtual
797select_field = destination 771select_field = destination
798where_field = email 772where_field = email
799hosts = unix:/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock 773hosts = unix:/var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
800</pre> 774</pre>
801 775
802<p> 776<p>
803Lastly, edit <path>/etc/postfix/main.cf</path> one more time. 777Lastly, edit <path>/etc/postfix/main.cf</path> one more time.
804</p> 778</p>
805 779
806<pre caption="/etc/postfix/main.cf"> 780<pre caption="/etc/postfix/main.cf">
807# <i>nano -w /etc/postfix/main.cf</i> 781# <i>nano -w /etc/postfix/main.cf</i>
782<comment>(Ensure that there are no other alias_maps definitions)</comment>
808alias_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-aliases.cf 783alias_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-aliases.cf
809relocated_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-relocated.cf 784relocated_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-relocated.cf
810 785
811local_transport = local 786local_transport = local
812local_recipient_maps = $alias_maps $virtual_mailbox_maps unix:passwd.byname 787local_recipient_maps = $alias_maps $virtual_mailbox_maps unix:passwd.byname
813 788
814virtual_transport = virtual 789virtual_transport = virtual
815virtual_mailbox_domains = 790<comment>(The domains listed by the mydestination should not be listed in
816 virt-bar.com, 791 the virtual_mailbox_domains parameter)</comment>
817 $other-virtual-domain.com 792virtual_mailbox_domains = virt-domain.com, $other-virtual-domain.com
818 793
819virtual_minimum_uid = 1000 794virtual_minimum_uid = 1000
795<comment>(Substitute $vmail-gid with the GID of the vmail group)</comment>
820virtual_gid_maps = static:$vmail-gid 796virtual_gid_maps = static:$vmail-gid
821virtual_mailbox_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-maps.cf 797virtual_mailbox_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual-maps.cf
822virtual_alias_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual.cf 798virtual_alias_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual.cf
799<comment>(Substitute $vmail-uid with the UID of the vmail user)</comment>
823virtual_uid_maps = static:$vmail-uid 800virtual_uid_maps = static:$vmail-uid
824virtual_mailbox_base = / 801virtual_mailbox_base = /
825#virtual_mailbox_limit = 802#virtual_mailbox_limit =
826</pre> 803</pre>
827 804
897to require a bit of hacking. I really recommend reading all of the mailman 874to require a bit of hacking. I really recommend reading all of the mailman
898documentation, including README.POSTFIX.gz, to understand what's being done 875documentation, including README.POSTFIX.gz, to understand what's being done
899here. 876here.
900</p> 877</p>
901 878
902<p>
903One further note, current versions of mailman install to /usr/local/mailman. If
904you're like me and wish to change the default install location, it can be
905overridden in the ebuild filoe by changing the INSTALLDIR variable.
906</p>
907
908<pre caption="/usr/portage/net-mail/mailman/mailman-$ver.ebuild">
909# <i>nano -w /usr/portage/net-mail/mailman/mailman-$ver.ebuild</i>
910MAILGID="280"
911<comment>(Set MAILGID to the mailman group instead of nobody
912This is needed for postfix integration.)</comment>
913</pre>
914
915<pre caption="Install mailman"> 879<pre caption="Install mailman">
916# <i>emerge mailman</i> 880# <i>emerge mailman</i>
917<comment>(This package is currently masked as well, so you'll need to unmask it or give
918emerge an explicit path to the ebuild. Once it's installed, follow the directions
919in the README.gentoo.gz *except* do not add your aliases to /etc/mail/aliases.
920We will instead be linking the entire alias db into postfix.)</comment>
921
922# <i>zless /usr/share/doc/mailman-$ver/README.gentoo.gz</i>
923</pre> 881</pre>
924 882
925<pre caption="Setting defaults: Mailman/Defaults.py"> 883<pre caption="Setting defaults: Mailman/Defaults.py">
926# <i> nano -w /var/mailman/Mailman/Defaults.py</i> 884# <i> nano -w /usr/local/mailman/Mailman/Defaults.py</i>
927<comment>(Change the values below to reflect your primary domain, virtuals will be set next.)</comment> 885<comment>(Change the values below to reflect your primary domain, virtuals will be set next.)</comment>
928DEFAULT_EMAIL_HOST = 'domain.com' 886DEFAULT_EMAIL_HOST = 'domain.com'
929DEFAULT_URL_HOST = 'www.domain.com' 887DEFAULT_URL_HOST = 'www.domain.com'
930</pre> 888</pre>
931 889
932<pre caption="mailman config: mm_cfg.py"> 890<pre caption="mailman config: mm_cfg.py">
933# <i>nano -w /var/mailman/Mailman/mm_cfg.py</i> 891# <i>nano -w /usr/local/mailman/Mailman/mm_cfg.py</i>
934MTA = "Postfix" 892MTA = "Postfix"
935POSTFIX_STYLE_VIRTUAL_DOMAINS = ['virt-domain.com', 'virt.domain2.com'] 893POSTFIX_STYLE_VIRTUAL_DOMAINS = ['virt-domain.com', 'virt.domain2.com']
936add_virtualhost('www.virt.domain.com', 'virt.domain.com') 894add_virtualhost('www.virt.domain.com', 'virt.domain.com')
937add_virtualhost('www.virt.domain2.com', 'virt.domain2.com') 895add_virtualhost('www.virt.domain2.com', 'virt.domain2.com')
938<comment>(This is required for your virtual domains for mailman to function.)</comment> 896<comment>(This is required for your virtual domains for mailman to function.)</comment>
939</pre> 897</pre>
940 898
941<pre caption="And last but not least"> 899<pre caption="And last but not least">
942<comment>(Once that's finished, add your first list.)</comment> 900<comment>(Once that's finished, add your first list.)</comment>
943 901
944# <i>su mailman</i> 902# <i>su mailman</i>
945# <i>cd ~</i> 903# <i>cd ~</i>
946# <i>bin/newlist test</i> 904# <i>./bin/newlist --urlhost='www.virt-domain.com' --emailhost='virt-domain.com' test</i>
947Enter the email of the person running the list: <i>your@email.address</i> 905Enter the email of the person running the list: <i>your@email.address</i>
948Initial test password: 906Initial test password:
949Hit enter to continue with test owner notification... 907Hit enter to continue with test owner notification...
950<comment>(Virtual domain lists may be specified with 908<comment>(Virtual domain lists may also be specified with
951list@domain.com style list names.)</comment> 909list@domain.com style list names.)</comment>
952# <i>bin/genaliases</i> 910# <i>./bin/genaliases</i>
953<comment>(Now that your aliases have been generated, 911<comment>(Now that your aliases have been generated,
954verify that they were added successfully.)</comment> 912verify that they were added successfully.)</comment>
955 913
956# <i>nano -w data/aliases</i> 914# <i>nano -w data/aliases</i>
957# STANZA START: test 915# STANZA START: test
958# CREATED: 916# CREATED:
959test: "|/var/mailman/mail/mailman post test" 917test: "|/usr/local/mailman/mail/mailman post test"
960test-admin: "|/var/mailman/mail/mailman admin test" 918test-admin: "|/usr/local/mailman/mail/mailman admin test"
961test-bounces: "|/var/mailman/mail/mailman bounces test" 919test-bounces: "|/usr/local/mailman/mail/mailman bounces test"
962test-confirm: "|/var/mailman/mail/mailman confirm test" 920test-confirm: "|/usr/local/mailman/mail/mailman confirm test"
963test-join: "|/var/mailman/mail/mailman join test" 921test-join: "|/usr/local/mailman/mail/mailman join test"
964test-leave: "|/var/mailman/mail/mailman leave test" 922test-leave: "|/usr/local/mailman/mail/mailman leave test"
965test-owner: "|/var/mailman/mail/mailman owner test" 923test-owner: "|/usr/local/mailman/mail/mailman owner test"
966test-request: "|/var/mailman/mail/mailman request test" 924test-request: "|/usr/local/mailman/mail/mailman request test"
967test-subscribe: "|/var/mailman/mail/mailman subscribe test" 925test-subscribe: "|/usr/local/mailman/mail/mailman subscribe test"
968test-unsubscribe: "|/var/mailman/mail/mailman unsubscribe test" 926test-unsubscribe: "|/usr/local/mailman/mail/mailman unsubscribe test"
969# STANZA END: test 927# STANZA END: test
928
929<comment>(Create the required mailman list)</comment>
930# <i>./bin/newlist mailman</i>
931# <i>./bin/genaliases</i>
932
933<comment>(Return to the root user)</comment>
934# <i>exit</i>
970 935
971# <i>/etc/init.d/mailman start</i> 936# <i>/etc/init.d/mailman start</i>
972# <i>rc-update add mailman default</i> 937# <i>rc-update add mailman default</i>
973<comment>(To start mailman at once and on every reboot.)</comment> 938<comment>(To start mailman at once and on every reboot.)</comment>
974</pre> 939</pre>
978owner_request_special = no 943owner_request_special = no
979recipient_delimiter = + 944recipient_delimiter = +
980<comment>(Read README.POSTFIX.gz for details on this.)</comment> 945<comment>(Read README.POSTFIX.gz for details on this.)</comment>
981 946
982alias_maps = 947alias_maps =
983 hash:/var/mailman/data/aliases, 948 hash:/usr/local/mailman/data/aliases,
984 mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-aliases.cf 949 mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-aliases.cf
985 950
986virtual_alias_maps = 951virtual_alias_maps =
987 hash:/var/mailman/data/virtual-mailman, 952 hash:/usr/local/mailman/data/virtual-mailman,
988 mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual.cf 953 mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql-virtual.cf
989<comment>(This adds mailman alias file support to postfix 954<comment>(This adds mailman alias file support to postfix
990You may of course use the mysql tables for this, 955You may of course use the mysql tables for this,
991but I hate doing that by hand. Also, if you are not 956but I hate doing that by hand. Also, if you are not
992using virtual domains, adding the virtual alias maps 957using virtual domains, adding the virtual alias maps
993to postfix may cause problems, be warned.)</comment> 958to postfix may cause problems, be warned.)</comment>
1113sure it's using the current version. Some of the components will dump their 1078sure it's using the current version. Some of the components will dump their
1114current config's to you, like postfix. 1079current config's to you, like postfix.
1115</p> 1080</p>
1116 1081
1117<pre caption="Some services can dump their current config"> 1082<pre caption="Some services can dump their current config">
1118# <i>apachectl fullstatus</i> (needs lynx installed) 1083# <i>apache2ctl fullstatus</i> (needs lynx installed)
1119# <i>apachectl configtest</i> (checks config sanity) 1084# <i>apache2ctl configtest</i> (checks config sanity)
1120# <i>postconf -n</i> (will tell you exactly what param's postfix is using) 1085# <i>postconf -n</i> (will tell you exactly what param's postfix is using)
1121# <i>/etc/init.d/$service restart</i> 1086# <i>/etc/init.d/$service restart</i>
1122</pre> 1087</pre>
1123 1088
1124</body> 1089</body>
1138 1103
1139<pre caption="Checking the logs"> 1104<pre caption="Checking the logs">
1140# <i>kill -USR1 `ps -C metalog -o pid=`</i>(to turn off metalog buffering) 1105# <i>kill -USR1 `ps -C metalog -o pid=`</i>(to turn off metalog buffering)
1141# <i>nano -w /var/log/mail/current</i> 1106# <i>nano -w /var/log/mail/current</i>
1142# <i>cat /var/log/mysql/mysql.log</i> 1107# <i>cat /var/log/mysql/mysql.log</i>
1143# <i>tail /var/log/apache/error_log</i> 1108# <i>tail /var/log/apache2/error_log</i>
1144</pre> 1109</pre>
1145 1110
1146<p> 1111<p>
1147You may also find the debug_peer parameters in main.cf helpful. Setting these 1112You may also find the debug_peer parameters in main.cf helpful. Setting these
1148will increase log output over just verbose mode. 1113will increase log output over just verbose mode.
1231 <li> 1196 <li>
1232 <uri>http://www.google.com/</uri> - If all else fails, there's always 1197 <uri>http://www.google.com/</uri> - If all else fails, there's always
1233 google, which has never failed me 1198 google, which has never failed me
1234 </li> 1199 </li>
1235 <li> 1200 <li>
1236 I also spend a lot of time on irc.freenode.net #gentoo. Irc is a great 1201 I also spend a lot of time on <uri
1237 place to go for help. 1202 link="irc://irc.gentoo.org/gentoo">#gentoo</uri>. IRC is a great place to go
1203 for help.
1238 </li> 1204 </li>
1239</ul> 1205</ul>
1240 1206
1241</body> 1207</body>
1242</section> 1208</section>

Legend:
Removed from v.1.42  
changed lines
  Added in v.1.61

  ViewVC Help
Powered by ViewVC 1.1.20