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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
3<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/xfce-config.xml,v 1.16 2008/02/24 08:36:44 nightmorph Exp $ --> 3<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/xfce-config.xml,v 1.24 2009/11/30 18:49:45 nightmorph Exp $ -->
4 4
5<guide link="/doc/en/xfce-config.xml"> 5<guide link="/doc/en/xfce-config.xml">
6<title>The Xfce Configuration Guide</title> 6<title>The Xfce Configuration Guide</title>
7 7
8<author title="Author"> 8<author title="Author">
9 <mail link="nightmorph@gentoo.org">Joshua Saddler</mail> 9 <mail link="nightmorph"/>
10</author> 10</author>
11 11
12<abstract> 12<abstract>
13This guide provides an extensive introduction to Xfce, a fast, lightweight, 13This guide provides an extensive introduction to Xfce, a fast, lightweight,
14full-featured desktop environment. 14full-featured desktop environment.
16 16
17<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 17<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
18<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 --> 18<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
19<license/> 19<license/>
20 20
21<version>1.12</version> 21<version>1.19</version>
22<date>2008-02-24</date> 22<date>2009-10-07</date>
23 23
24<chapter> 24<chapter>
25<title>Introduction</title> 25<title>Introduction</title>
26<section> 26<section>
27<title>The Xfce desktop environment</title> 27<title>The Xfce desktop environment</title>
56<section> 56<section>
57<title>The basics</title> 57<title>The basics</title>
58<body> 58<body>
59 59
60<p> 60<p>
61First, make sure you've setup Xorg as shown in the <uri 61First, make sure you've configured Xorg as shown in the <uri
62link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml">X Server Configuration Howto</uri>. 62link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml">X Server Configuration Howto</uri>.
63</p> 63</p>
64 64
65<p> 65<p>
66Next, double-check your USE flags in <path>/etc/make.conf</path>; you'll 66Next, double-check your USE flags in <path>/etc/make.conf</path>; you'll
67probably at least want <c>USE="-gnome -kde -qt3 -qt4 X dbus hal startup-notification xscreensaver"</c>. 67probably at least want <c>USE="-gnome -kde -minimal -qt3 -qt4 X branding dbus
68hal jpeg lock session startup-notification thunar"</c>.
68</p> 69</p>
69 70
70<p> 71<p>
71Now, let's install Xfce. 72Now, let's install Xfce.
72</p> 73</p>
73 74
74<pre caption="Installing Xfce"> 75<pre caption="Installing Xfce">
75# <i>emerge -avt xfce4</i> 76# <i>emerge -avt xfce4-meta</i>
76</pre> 77</pre>
77 78
78<p> 79<p>
79Next, add your regular user(s) to the <c>plugdev</c>, <c>cdrom</c>, <c>cdrw</c>, 80Next, add your regular user(s) to the <c>plugdev</c>, <c>cdrom</c>, <c>cdrw</c>,
80and <c>usb</c> groups, so that they can take full advantage of <c>hal</c> and be 81and <c>usb</c> groups, so that they can take full advantage of <c>hal</c> and be
208in the "Add New Item" menu shown when you right-click on the panel. 209in the "Add New Item" menu shown when you right-click on the panel.
209</p> 210</p>
210 211
211<ul> 212<ul>
212 <li> 213 <li>
213 <c>xfce4-mount</c> gives you a handy method of mounting devices listed in
214 <path>/etc/fstab</path> just by clicking your mouse
215 </li>
216 <li>
217 <c>xfce4-battery</c> is perfect for laptop users. It displays battery 214 <c>xfce4-battery-plugin</c> is perfect for laptop users. It displays battery
218 percentage, time remaining, power source (AC or battery), fan status, 215 percentage, time remaining, power source (AC or battery), fan status,
219 warnings, and can even be configured to execute commands at certain power 216 warnings, and can even be configured to execute commands at certain power
220 levels. This feature can be used to put the laptop into hibernate mode when 217 levels. This feature can be used to put the laptop into hibernate mode when
221 the battery is almost exhausted. 218 the battery is almost exhausted.
222 </li> 219 </li>
223 <li> 220 <li>
224 <c>verve</c> is a small command line embedded into the panel. It's quicker 221 <c>xfce4-verve-plugin</c> is a small command line embedded into the panel.
225 than opening up another terminal when you want to run a command. 222 It's quicker than opening up another terminal when you want to run a
226 </li> 223 command.
227 <li> 224 </li>
228 <c>xfce4-mixer</c> is a volume control. It works with both ALSA and OSS 225 <li>
229 sound applications. 226 <c>xfce4-mount-plugin</c> gives you a handy method of mounting devices
227 listed in <path>/etc/fstab</path> just by clicking your mouse
228 </li>
229 <li>
230 <c>xfce4-sensors-plugin</c> lets you monitor your hardware sensors, such as
231 CPU temperature, fan RPM, hard drive temp, motherboard voltage, and more
230 </li> 232 </li>
231</ul> 233</ul>
232 234
233<p> 235<p>
234If you can't find what you're looking for in the plugins specifically made for 236If you can't find what you're looking for in the plugins specifically made for
235Xfce, try searching through the list of Gnome panel applets! That's right, by 237Xfce, try searching through the list of Gnome panel applets! That's right, by
236first emerging <c>xfce4-xfapplet</c>, you can install and run any applet made 238first emerging <c>xfce4-xfapplet-plugin</c>, you can install and run any applet
237for Gnome. 239made for Gnome.
238</p> 240</p>
239 241
240</body> 242</body>
241</section> 243</section>
242<section> 244<section>
243<title>Useful programs</title> 245<title>Useful programs</title>
244<body> 246<body>
245 247
246<p> 248<p>
247Xfce bundles a few useful applications, including <c>thunar</c>, 249We should now <c>emerge</c> some useful applications and utilities:
248<c>terminal</c>, <c>orage</c>, and <c>mousepad</c>. Note that the last three 250<c>xfce4-mixer</c>, <c>xfprint</c>, <c>xfce4-taskmanager</c>,
249will not be installed if you built <c>xfce4</c> with the <c>minimal</c> USE 251<c>xfwm4-themes</c>, <c>orage</c>, <c>mousepad</c>, <c>x11-terms/terminal</c>,
250flag. However, these are all very small, yet terrific applications, so they're 252and <c>thunar</c>.
251well worth installing. 253</p>
254
255<p>
256<c>xfce4-mixer</c> is a volume control for your sound card. It can also be run
257as a panel applet, giving you fast access to playback volume. <c>xfprint</c>
258provides easy printer management and job control; it's a must if you intend to
259do any printing from your desktop. <c>xfce4-taskmanager</c> displays a list of
260all running programs, and the CPU and memory consumption each one takes up. By
261right-clicking an item, you can kill a misbehaving application, pause and
262restart it, or even alter its runtime priority, which lets you fine-tune how
263much of a demand it puts on your system's resources.
264</p>
265
266<p>
267<c>xfwm4-themes</c> adds several window manager themes. You may want to add a
268more full-coverage icon theme such as <c>tango-icon-theme</c> just to round out
269your desktop.
252</p> 270</p>
253 271
254<p> 272<p>
255<c>orage</c> is a simple, handy calendar. <c>mousepad</c> is a barebones text 273<c>orage</c> is a simple, handy calendar. <c>mousepad</c> is a barebones text
256editor that starts up extremely quickly. <c>terminal</c> is far more 274editor that starts up extremely quickly. <c>x11-terms/terminal</c> is an X11
257configurable and useful than xterm, and supports Unicode text, 275terminal emulator, far more configurable and useful than the barebones
276<c>xterm</c> supplied with <c>xorg-server</c>. <c>terminal</c> supports Unicode
258pseudo-transparency and accelerated transparency via Xfce's built-in 277text, pseudo-transparency and accelerated transparency via Xfce's built-in
259compositor, all out-of-the-box. Just make sure that the default action on the 278compositor, all out-of-the-box. Just make sure that the default action on the
260terminal launcher of your panel runs <path>/usr/bin/Terminal</path> instead of 279terminal launcher of your panel runs <path>/usr/bin/Terminal</path> instead of
261xterm. Right click the launcher and choose "Properties" to change the command. 280xterm. Right click the launcher and choose "Properties" to change the command.
262</p> 281</p>
263 282
264<p> 283<p>
265<c>thunar</c> is Xfce's built-in graphical file manager. It's fast yet quite 284<c>thunar</c> is Xfce's default graphical file manager. It's fast yet quite
266powerful, can support a few plugins for even more functionality; just install 285powerful, can support several plugins for even more functionality; just install
267them with <c>emerge</c>. Let's take a look: 286them with <c>emerge</c>. Let's take a look:
268</p> 287</p>
269 288
270<ul> 289<ul>
271 <li> 290 <li>
272 <c>thunar-archive</c> lets you create and extract archive files using the 291 <c>thunar-archive-plugin</c> lets you create and extract archive files using
273 right-click menu. It works even better when paired with the new graphical 292 the right-click menu. It provides a handy <uri
274 archiving <uri
275 link="http://www.foo-projects.org/~benny/projects/thunar-archive-plugin/">tool</uri> 293 link="http://www.foo-projects.org/~benny/projects/thunar-archive-plugin">front-end</uri>
276 developed for Xfce, <c>xarchiver</c>. 294 for graphical archiving applications such as <c>xarchiver</c>,
277 </li> 295 <c>squeeze</c>, and <c>file-roller</c>.
278 <li> 296 </li>
297 <li>
279 <c>thunar-media-tags</c> lets you intelligently rename multiple media files 298 <c>thunar-media-tags-plugin</c> lets you intelligently rename multiple media
280 at once, and lets you <uri 299 files at once, and lets you <uri
281 link="http://thunar.xfce.org/pwiki/projects/thunar-media-tags-plugin">edit</uri> 300 link="http://thunar.xfce.org/pwiki/projects/thunar-media-tags-plugin">edit</uri>
282 their information tags, such as id3 tags. 301 their information tags, such as id3 and ogg tags.
283 </li> 302 </li>
284 <li> 303 <li>
285 <c>thunar-thumbnailers</c> lets you <uri 304 <c>thunar-thumbnailers</c> lets you <uri
286 link="http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/thunar-plugins/thunar-thumbnailers">preview</uri> 305 link="http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/thunar-plugins/thunar-thumbnailers">preview</uri>
287 certain types of files from within Thunar, such as images and fonts. 306 certain types of files from within Thunar, such as images and fonts.
297Next, let's see about adding some useful but lightweight desktop applications, 316Next, let's see about adding some useful but lightweight desktop applications,
298in keeping with Xfce's philosophy. 317in keeping with Xfce's philosophy.
299</p> 318</p>
300 319
301<p> 320<p>
302Though <c>mousepad</c> is nice enough, if you need a full-featured word 321Though <c>mousepad</c> is nice enough as a basic text editor, if you need a
303processor but don't want the bloat of OpenOffice, try emerging <c>abiword</c>. 322full-featured word processor but don't want the bloat of OpenOffice, try
304<uri link="http://www.abisource.com">AbiWord</uri> is lighter, faster, and is 323emerging <c>abiword</c>. <uri link="http://www.abisource.com">AbiWord</uri> is
305completely interoperable with industry-standard document types. 324lighter, faster, and is completely interoperable with industry-standard document
306</p> 325types. It can also be further extended with <c>abiword-plugins</c>.
307
308<pre caption="Adding a word processor">
309# <i>emerge -avt abiword</i>
310</pre> 326</p>
311 327
312<p> 328<p>
313Need a nice email client/newsreader that isn't as demanding as 329Need a nice email client/newsreader that isn't as demanding as
314<c>mozilla-thunderbird</c> or <c>evolution</c>? Try emerging <c>claws-mail</c>. 330<c>mozilla-thunderbird</c> or <c>evolution</c>? Try emerging <c>claws-mail</c>.
315</p> 331</p>
321<c>emerge pidgin</c>. 337<c>emerge pidgin</c>.
322</p> 338</p>
323 339
324<p> 340<p>
325If you need movie and music players, look no further than <c>mplayer</c> and 341If you need movie and music players, look no further than <c>mplayer</c> and
342<uri link="/proj/en/desktop/sound/decibel.xml">decibel-audio-player</uri>. They
326<c>audacious</c>. They can play most every media format available quite nicely, 343can play most every media format available quite nicely.
327and have a wealth of additional plugins available for additional functionality.
328</p> 344</p>
329 345
330<p> 346<p>
331Finally, you'll need a webbrowser. Nearly all graphical webbrowsers require more 347Finally, you'll need a webbrowser. Nearly all graphical webbrowsers require more
332resources than most of your other desktop applications. Still, 348resources than most of your other desktop applications. Still,
384</p> 400</p>
385 401
386<pre caption="Installing SLiM"> 402<pre caption="Installing SLiM">
387# <i>emerge -avt slim</i> 403# <i>emerge -avt slim</i>
388</pre> 404</pre>
405
406<note>
407The <c>branding</c> USE flag will pull in the <c>slim-themes</c> package, which
408will give you an assortment of login themes, including a Gentoo Linux theme.
409</note>
389 410
390<p> 411<p>
391Then edit the DISPLAYMANAGER variable in <path>/etc/conf.d/xdm</path>: 412Then edit the DISPLAYMANAGER variable in <path>/etc/conf.d/xdm</path>:
392</p> 413</p>
393 414
430<p> 451<p>
431If you installed SLiM as your display manager, there are lots of themes in the 452If you installed SLiM as your display manager, there are lots of themes in the
432<c>slim-themes</c> package available in Portage. Also, be sure to check the SLiM 453<c>slim-themes</c> package available in Portage. Also, be sure to check the SLiM
433<uri link="http://slim.berlios.de/themes01.php">themes page</uri> for more 454<uri link="http://slim.berlios.de/themes01.php">themes page</uri> for more
434themes. Creating your own SLiM theme is fairly easy; just read the <uri 455themes. Creating your own SLiM theme is fairly easy; just read the <uri
435link="http://slim.berlios.de/themes_howto.php">Themes HowTo</uri>. 456link="http://slim.berlios.de/themes_howto.php">Themes HowTo</uri>. Gentoo also
457ships a <c>slim-themes</c> package that you can <c>emerge</c>.
436</p> 458</p>
437 459
438<p> 460<p>
439Finally, Xfce has its own built-in compositor to manage window transparency. 461Finally, Xfce has its own built-in compositor to manage window transparency.
440This option can be found in Menu --> Settings --> Window Manager. For best 462This option can be found in Menu --> Settings --> Window Manager. For best
457<uri link="/doc/en/index.xml?catid=desktop">Desktop Documentation 479<uri link="/doc/en/index.xml?catid=desktop">Desktop Documentation
458Resources</uri> list to learn about configuring hardware-accelerated rendering 480Resources</uri> list to learn about configuring hardware-accelerated rendering
459for your graphics card. 481for your graphics card.
460</p> 482</p>
461 483
484<p>
485Once you've finished setting up a beautiful Xfce desktop, the next thing to do
486is take a picture of it to share with other folks! Just install
487<c>xfce4-screenshooter</c> and post your pictures somewhere for all to admire.
488</p>
489
462</body> 490</body>
463</section> 491</section>
464</chapter> 492</chapter>
465 493
466<chapter> 494<chapter>

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