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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
3<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/xfce-config.xml,v 1.16 2008/02/24 08:36:44 nightmorph Exp $ --> 3<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/xfce-config.xml,v 1.31 2010/07/26 01:48:40 nightmorph Exp $ -->
4 4
5<guide link="/doc/en/xfce-config.xml"> 5<guide>
6<title>The Xfce Configuration Guide</title> 6<title>The Xfce Configuration Guide</title>
7 7
8<author title="Author"> 8<author title="Author">
9 <mail link="nightmorph@gentoo.org">Joshua Saddler</mail> 9 <mail link="nightmorph"/>
10</author> 10</author>
11 11
12<abstract> 12<abstract>
13This guide provides an extensive introduction to Xfce, a fast, lightweight, 13This guide provides an extensive introduction to Xfce, a fast, lightweight,
14full-featured desktop environment. 14full-featured desktop environment.
16 16
17<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 17<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
18<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 --> 18<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
19<license/> 19<license/>
20 20
21<version>1.12</version> 21<version>1.26</version>
22<date>2008-02-24</date> 22<date>2010-07-25</date>
23 23
24<chapter> 24<chapter>
25<title>Introduction</title> 25<title>Introduction</title>
26<section> 26<section>
27<title>The Xfce desktop environment</title> 27<title>The Xfce desktop environment</title>
33and is quite configurable while still adhering to the <uri 33and is quite configurable while still adhering to the <uri
34link="http://www.freedesktop.org">Freedesktop</uri> specifications. 34link="http://www.freedesktop.org">Freedesktop</uri> specifications.
35</p> 35</p>
36 36
37<p> 37<p>
38Unlike heavier desktop environments, such as Gnome and KDE, Xfce uses far fewer 38Unlike heavier desktop environments, such as <uri
39system resources. Additionally, it offers greater modularity and fewer 39link="http://www.gnome.org">Gnome</uri> and <uri
40dependencies; it takes up less space on your hard disk and takes less time to 40link="http://www.kde.org">KDE</uri>, Xfce uses far fewer system resources.
41install. 41Additionally, it offers greater modularity and fewer dependencies; it takes up
42less space on your hard disk and takes less time to install.
42</p> 43</p>
43 44
44<p> 45<p>
45This guide will not only show you how to install and configure a minimal Xfce 46This guide will not only show you how to install and configure a minimal Xfce
46environment, but will also explore options to create a full-featured desktop in 47environment, but will also explore options to create a full-featured desktop in
56<section> 57<section>
57<title>The basics</title> 58<title>The basics</title>
58<body> 59<body>
59 60
60<p> 61<p>
61First, make sure you've setup Xorg as shown in the <uri 62First, make sure you've configured Xorg as shown in the <uri
62link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml">X Server Configuration Howto</uri>. 63link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml">X Server Configuration Howto</uri>.
63</p> 64</p>
64 65
65<p> 66<p>
66Next, double-check your USE flags in <path>/etc/make.conf</path>; you'll 67Next, double-check your USE flags in <path>/etc/make.conf</path>; you'll
67probably at least want <c>USE="-gnome -kde -qt3 -qt4 X dbus hal startup-notification xscreensaver"</c>. 68probably at least want <c>USE="-gnome -kde -minimal -qt4 branding dbus
69hal jpeg lock session startup-notification thunar X"</c>.
68</p> 70</p>
69 71
70<p> 72<p>
71Now, let's install Xfce. 73Now, let's install Xfce.
72</p> 74</p>
73 75
74<pre caption="Installing Xfce"> 76<pre caption="Installing Xfce">
75# <i>emerge -avt xfce4</i> 77# <i>emerge -avt xfce4-meta</i>
76</pre> 78</pre>
77 79
78<p> 80<p>
79Next, add your regular user(s) to the <c>plugdev</c>, <c>cdrom</c>, <c>cdrw</c>, 81Next, add your regular user(s) to the <c>plugdev</c>, <c>cdrom</c>, <c>cdrw</c>,
80and <c>usb</c> groups, so that they can take full advantage of <c>hal</c> and be 82and <c>usb</c> groups, so that they can take full advantage of <c>hal</c> and be
101<pre caption="Starting hald"> 103<pre caption="Starting hald">
102# <i>/etc/init.d/hald start</i> 104# <i>/etc/init.d/hald start</i>
103# <i>rc-update add hald default</i> 105# <i>rc-update add hald default</i>
104</pre> 106</pre>
105 107
108<p>
109You'll also need a graphical terminal so that you can continue working with your
110new desktop environment. <c>x11-terms/terminal</c> is a good choice, as it's
111made specifically for Xfce. Install Terminal as shown:
112</p>
113
114<pre caption="Installing Terminal">
115# <i>emerge x11-terms/terminal</i>
116</pre>
117
106</body> 118</body>
107</section> 119</section>
108</chapter> 120</chapter>
109 121
110<chapter> 122<chapter>
120</p> 132</p>
121 133
122<pre caption="Setting Xfce as the default desktop environment"> 134<pre caption="Setting Xfce as the default desktop environment">
123$ <i>echo "exec startxfce4" > ~/.xinitrc</i> 135$ <i>echo "exec startxfce4" > ~/.xinitrc</i>
124</pre> 136</pre>
137
138<note>
139If you have ConsoleKit installed, your <path>~/.xinitrc</path> should instead
140contain <c>exec ck-launch-session startxfce4</c>. Otherwise, some of your
141applications may stop working. You'll also need to add consolekit to the
142default runlevel by running the following command as root: <c>rc-update add
143consolekit default</c>.
144</note>
125 145
126<p> 146<p>
127Now start your graphical environment by typing <c>startx</c>: 147Now start your graphical environment by typing <c>startx</c>:
128</p> 148</p>
129 149
208in the "Add New Item" menu shown when you right-click on the panel. 228in the "Add New Item" menu shown when you right-click on the panel.
209</p> 229</p>
210 230
211<ul> 231<ul>
212 <li> 232 <li>
213 <c>xfce4-mount</c> gives you a handy method of mounting devices listed in
214 <path>/etc/fstab</path> just by clicking your mouse
215 </li>
216 <li>
217 <c>xfce4-battery</c> is perfect for laptop users. It displays battery 233 <c>xfce4-battery-plugin</c> is perfect for laptop users. It displays battery
218 percentage, time remaining, power source (AC or battery), fan status, 234 percentage, time remaining, power source (AC or battery), fan status,
219 warnings, and can even be configured to execute commands at certain power 235 warnings, and can even be configured to execute commands at certain power
220 levels. This feature can be used to put the laptop into hibernate mode when 236 levels. This feature can be used to put the laptop into hibernate mode when
221 the battery is almost exhausted. 237 the battery is almost exhausted.
222 </li> 238 </li>
223 <li> 239 <li>
224 <c>verve</c> is a small command line embedded into the panel. It's quicker 240 <c>xfce4-verve-plugin</c> is a small command line embedded into the panel.
225 than opening up another terminal when you want to run a command. 241 It's quicker than opening up another terminal when you want to run a
226 </li> 242 command.
227 <li> 243 </li>
228 <c>xfce4-mixer</c> is a volume control. It works with both ALSA and OSS 244 <li>
229 sound applications. 245 <c>xfce4-mount-plugin</c> gives you a handy method of mounting devices
246 listed in <path>/etc/fstab</path> just by clicking your mouse
247 </li>
248 <li>
249 <c>xfce4-sensors-plugin</c> lets you monitor your hardware sensors, such as
250 CPU temperature, fan RPM, hard drive temp, motherboard voltage, and more
230 </li> 251 </li>
231</ul> 252</ul>
232 253
233<p> 254<p>
234If you can't find what you're looking for in the plugins specifically made for 255If you can't find what you're looking for in the plugins specifically made for
235Xfce, try searching through the list of Gnome panel applets! That's right, by 256Xfce, try searching through the list of Gnome panel applets! That's right, by
236first emerging <c>xfce4-xfapplet</c>, you can install and run any applet made 257first emerging <c>xfce4-xfapplet-plugin</c>, you can install and run any applet
237for Gnome. 258made for Gnome.
238</p> 259</p>
239 260
240</body> 261</body>
241</section> 262</section>
242<section> 263<section>
243<title>Useful programs</title> 264<title>Useful programs</title>
244<body> 265<body>
245 266
246<p> 267<p>
247Xfce bundles a few useful applications, including <c>thunar</c>, 268We should now <c>emerge</c> some useful applications and utilities:
248<c>terminal</c>, <c>orage</c>, and <c>mousepad</c>. Note that the last three 269<c>xfce4-mixer</c>, <c>xfprint</c>, <c>xfce4-taskmanager</c>,
249will not be installed if you built <c>xfce4</c> with the <c>minimal</c> USE 270<c>xfwm4-themes</c>, <c>orage</c>, <c>mousepad</c>, <c>x11-terms/terminal</c>,
250flag. However, these are all very small, yet terrific applications, so they're 271and <c>thunar</c>.
251well worth installing. 272</p>
273
274<p>
275<c>xfce4-mixer</c> is a volume control for your sound card. It can also be run
276as a panel applet, giving you fast access to playback volume. <c>xfprint</c>
277provides easy printer management and job control; it's a must if you intend to
278do any printing from your desktop. <c>xfce4-taskmanager</c> displays a list of
279all running programs, and the CPU and memory consumption each one takes up. By
280right-clicking an item, you can kill a misbehaving application, pause and
281restart it, or even alter its runtime priority, which lets you fine-tune how
282much of a demand it puts on your system's resources.
283</p>
284
285<p>
286<c>xfwm4-themes</c> adds several window manager themes. You may want to add a
287more full-coverage icon theme such as <c>tango-icon-theme</c> just to round out
288your desktop.
252</p> 289</p>
253 290
254<p> 291<p>
255<c>orage</c> is a simple, handy calendar. <c>mousepad</c> is a barebones text 292<c>orage</c> is a simple, handy calendar. <c>mousepad</c> is a barebones text
256editor that starts up extremely quickly. <c>terminal</c> is far more 293editor that starts up extremely quickly. <c>x11-terms/terminal</c> is an X11
257configurable and useful than xterm, and supports Unicode text, 294terminal emulator, far more configurable and useful than the barebones
295<c>xterm</c>. <c>terminal</c> supports Unicode text, color schemes,
258pseudo-transparency and accelerated transparency via Xfce's built-in 296pseudo-transparency and hardware-accelerated transparency via Xfce's built-in
259compositor, all out-of-the-box. Just make sure that the default action on the 297compositor, all out-of-the-box. Just make sure that the default action on the
260terminal launcher of your panel runs <path>/usr/bin/Terminal</path> instead of 298terminal launcher of your panel runs <path>/usr/bin/Terminal</path> instead of
261xterm. Right click the launcher and choose "Properties" to change the command. 299<path>xterm</path>. Right-click the launcher and choose "Properties" to change
262</p> 300the command.
263
264<p> 301</p>
302
303<p>
265<c>thunar</c> is Xfce's built-in graphical file manager. It's fast yet quite 304<c>thunar</c> is Xfce's default graphical file manager. It's fast yet quite
266powerful, can support a few plugins for even more functionality; just install 305powerful, can support several plugins for even more functionality; just install
267them with <c>emerge</c>. Let's take a look: 306them with <c>emerge</c>. Let's take a look:
268</p> 307</p>
269 308
270<ul> 309<ul>
271 <li> 310 <li>
272 <c>thunar-archive</c> lets you create and extract archive files using the 311 <c>thunar-archive-plugin</c> lets you create and extract archive files using
273 right-click menu. It works even better when paired with the new graphical 312 the right-click menu. It provides a handy <uri
274 archiving <uri
275 link="http://www.foo-projects.org/~benny/projects/thunar-archive-plugin/">tool</uri> 313 link="http://www.foo-projects.org/~benny/projects/thunar-archive-plugin">front-end</uri>
276 developed for Xfce, <c>xarchiver</c>. 314 for graphical archiving applications such as <c>xarchiver</c>,
277 </li> 315 <c>squeeze</c>, and <c>file-roller</c>.
278 <li> 316 </li>
317 <li>
279 <c>thunar-media-tags</c> lets you intelligently rename multiple media files 318 <c>thunar-media-tags-plugin</c> lets you intelligently rename multiple media
280 at once, and lets you <uri 319 files at once, and lets you <uri
281 link="http://thunar.xfce.org/pwiki/projects/thunar-media-tags-plugin">edit</uri> 320 link="http://thunar.xfce.org/pwiki/projects/thunar-media-tags-plugin">edit</uri>
282 their information tags, such as id3 tags. 321 their information tags, such as id3 and ogg tags.
283 </li> 322 </li>
284 <li> 323 <li>
285 <c>thunar-thumbnailers</c> lets you <uri 324 <c>thunar-thumbnailers</c> lets you <uri
286 link="http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/thunar-plugins/thunar-thumbnailers">preview</uri> 325 link="http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/thunar-plugins/thunar-thumbnailers">preview</uri>
287 certain types of files from within Thunar, such as images and fonts. 326 certain types of files from within Thunar, such as images and fonts.
297Next, let's see about adding some useful but lightweight desktop applications, 336Next, let's see about adding some useful but lightweight desktop applications,
298in keeping with Xfce's philosophy. 337in keeping with Xfce's philosophy.
299</p> 338</p>
300 339
301<p> 340<p>
302Though <c>mousepad</c> is nice enough, if you need a full-featured word 341Though <c>mousepad</c> is nice enough as a basic text editor, if you need a
303processor but don't want the bloat of OpenOffice, try emerging <c>abiword</c>. 342full-featured word processor but don't want the bloat of OpenOffice, try
304<uri link="http://www.abisource.com">AbiWord</uri> is lighter, faster, and is 343emerging <c>abiword</c>. <uri link="http://www.abisource.com">AbiWord</uri> is
305completely interoperable with industry-standard document types. 344lighter, faster, and is completely interoperable with industry-standard document
306</p> 345types. It can also be further extended with <c>abiword-plugins</c>.
307
308<pre caption="Adding a word processor">
309# <i>emerge -avt abiword</i>
310</pre> 346</p>
311 347
312<p> 348<p>
313Need a nice email client/newsreader that isn't as demanding as 349Need a nice email client/newsreader that isn't as demanding as
314<c>mozilla-thunderbird</c> or <c>evolution</c>? Try emerging <c>claws-mail</c>. 350<c>thunderbird</c> or <c>evolution</c>? Try emerging <c>claws-mail</c>.
315</p> 351</p>
316 352
317<p> 353<p>
318For your internet chat needs, <c>irssi</c> is an excellent, tiny, incredibly 354For your internet chat needs, <c>irssi</c> is an excellent, tiny, incredibly
319configurable IRC client that runs in your terminal. If you prefer a compact 355configurable IRC client that runs in your terminal. If you prefer a compact
321<c>emerge pidgin</c>. 357<c>emerge pidgin</c>.
322</p> 358</p>
323 359
324<p> 360<p>
325If you need movie and music players, look no further than <c>mplayer</c> and 361If you need movie and music players, look no further than <c>mplayer</c> and
362<uri link="/proj/en/desktop/sound/decibel.xml">decibel-audio-player</uri>. They
326<c>audacious</c>. They can play most every media format available quite nicely, 363can play most every media format available quite nicely.
327and have a wealth of additional plugins available for additional functionality.
328</p> 364</p>
329 365
330<p> 366<p>
331Finally, you'll need a webbrowser. Nearly all graphical webbrowsers require more 367Finally, you'll need a webbrowser. Nearly all graphical webbrowsers require more
332resources than most of your other desktop applications. Still, 368resources than most of your other desktop applications. Still, <c>firefox</c>
333<c>mozilla-firefox</c> (or <c>mozilla-firefox-bin</c>) is always a good choice. 369(or <c>firefox-bin</c>) is always a good choice. Alternatively, you may find
334Alternatively, you may find <c>opera</c> to be quite fast. However, <c>opera</c> 370<c>opera</c> to be quite fast. However, <c>opera</c> is not available on as many
335is not available on as many processor architectures as <c>mozilla-firefox</c>, 371processor architectures as <c>firefox</c>, and it has more dependencies unless
336and it has more dependencies unless you override them with a USE flag. 372you override them with a few USE flags.
337</p> 373</p>
338 374
339<pre caption="Adding a webbrowser"> 375<pre caption="Adding a webbrowser">
340<comment>(Installing Mozilla Firefox)</comment> 376<comment>(Installing Mozilla Firefox)</comment>
341# <i>emerge mozilla-firefox</i> 377# <i>emerge firefox</i>
342<comment>(Installing Opera)</comment> 378<comment>(Installing Opera)</comment>
343# <i>echo "www-client/opera qt-static" >> /etc/portage/package.use</i> 379# <i>echo "www-client/opera gtk -kde" >> /etc/portage/package.use</i>
344# <i>emerge opera</i> 380# <i>emerge opera</i>
345</pre> 381</pre>
346 382
347<p> 383<p>
348Now that we've explored some good suggestions for rounding out your desktop 384Now that we've explored some good suggestions for rounding out your desktop
385 421
386<pre caption="Installing SLiM"> 422<pre caption="Installing SLiM">
387# <i>emerge -avt slim</i> 423# <i>emerge -avt slim</i>
388</pre> 424</pre>
389 425
426<note>
427The <c>branding</c> USE flag will pull in the <c>slim-themes</c> package, which
428will give you an assortment of login themes, including a Gentoo Linux theme.
429</note>
430
390<p> 431<p>
391Then edit the DISPLAYMANAGER variable in <path>/etc/conf.d/xdm</path>: 432Then edit the DISPLAYMANAGER variable in <path>/etc/conf.d/xdm</path>:
392</p> 433</p>
393 434
394<pre caption="Editing /etc/conf.d/xdm"> 435<pre caption="Editing /etc/conf.d/xdm">
395DISPLAYMANAGER="slim" 436DISPLAYMANAGER="slim"
396</pre> 437</pre>
397 438
398<p> 439<p>
399SLiM can automatically start your Xfce session if you add 440SLiM can automatically start your Xfce session if you add
400<c>XSESSION="Xfce4"</c> to <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>. 441<c>XSESSION="Xfce4"</c> to <path>/etc/env.d/90xsession</path>:
442</p>
443
444<pre caption="Setting XSESSION">
445# <i>echo XSESSION=\"Xfce4\" > /etc/env.d/90xsession</i>
446# <i>env-update &amp;&amp; source /etc/profile</i>
401</p> 447</pre>
402 448
403</body> 449</body>
404</section> 450</section>
405<section> 451<section>
406<title>Beautifying your desktop</title> 452<title>Beautifying your desktop</title>
430<p> 476<p>
431If you installed SLiM as your display manager, there are lots of themes in the 477If you installed SLiM as your display manager, there are lots of themes in the
432<c>slim-themes</c> package available in Portage. Also, be sure to check the SLiM 478<c>slim-themes</c> package available in Portage. Also, be sure to check the SLiM
433<uri link="http://slim.berlios.de/themes01.php">themes page</uri> for more 479<uri link="http://slim.berlios.de/themes01.php">themes page</uri> for more
434themes. Creating your own SLiM theme is fairly easy; just read the <uri 480themes. Creating your own SLiM theme is fairly easy; just read the <uri
435link="http://slim.berlios.de/themes_howto.php">Themes HowTo</uri>. 481link="http://slim.berlios.de/themes_howto.php">Themes HowTo</uri>. Gentoo also
482ships a <c>slim-themes</c> package that you can <c>emerge</c>.
436</p> 483</p>
437 484
438<p> 485<p>
439Finally, Xfce has its own built-in compositor to manage window transparency. 486Finally, Xfce has its own built-in compositor to manage window transparency.
440This option can be found in Menu --> Settings --> Window Manager. For best 487This option can be found in Menu --> Settings --> Window Manager. For best
457<uri link="/doc/en/index.xml?catid=desktop">Desktop Documentation 504<uri link="/doc/en/index.xml?catid=desktop">Desktop Documentation
458Resources</uri> list to learn about configuring hardware-accelerated rendering 505Resources</uri> list to learn about configuring hardware-accelerated rendering
459for your graphics card. 506for your graphics card.
460</p> 507</p>
461 508
509<p>
510Once you've finished setting up a beautiful Xfce desktop, the next thing to do
511is take a picture of it to share with other folks! Just install
512<c>xfce4-screenshooter</c> and post your pictures somewhere for all to admire.
513</p>
514
462</body> 515</body>
463</section> 516</section>
464</chapter> 517</chapter>
465 518
466<chapter> 519<chapter>

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