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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
3<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/xfce-config.xml,v 1.16 2008/02/24 08:36:44 nightmorph Exp $ --> 3<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/xfce-config.xml,v 1.35 2011/01/23 19:45:03 nightmorph Exp $ -->
4 4
5<guide link="/doc/en/xfce-config.xml"> 5<guide>
6<title>The Xfce Configuration Guide</title> 6<title>The Xfce Configuration Guide</title>
7 7
8<author title="Author"> 8<author title="Author">
9 <mail link="nightmorph@gentoo.org">Joshua Saddler</mail> 9 <mail link="nightmorph"/>
10</author> 10</author>
11 11
12<abstract> 12<abstract>
13This guide provides an extensive introduction to Xfce, a fast, lightweight, 13This guide provides an extensive introduction to Xfce, a fast, lightweight,
14full-featured desktop environment. 14full-featured desktop environment.
16 16
17<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 17<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
18<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 --> 18<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
19<license/> 19<license/>
20 20
21<version>1.12</version> 21<version>3</version>
22<date>2008-02-24</date> 22<date>2011-01-23</date>
23 23
24<chapter> 24<chapter>
25<title>Introduction</title> 25<title>Introduction</title>
26<section> 26<section>
27<title>The Xfce desktop environment</title> 27<title>The Xfce desktop environment</title>
33and is quite configurable while still adhering to the <uri 33and is quite configurable while still adhering to the <uri
34link="http://www.freedesktop.org">Freedesktop</uri> specifications. 34link="http://www.freedesktop.org">Freedesktop</uri> specifications.
35</p> 35</p>
36 36
37<p> 37<p>
38Unlike heavier desktop environments, such as Gnome and KDE, Xfce uses far fewer 38Unlike heavier desktop environments, such as <uri
39system resources. Additionally, it offers greater modularity and fewer 39link="http://www.gnome.org">Gnome</uri> and <uri
40dependencies; it takes up less space on your hard disk and takes less time to 40link="http://www.kde.org">KDE</uri>, Xfce uses far fewer system resources.
41install. 41Additionally, it offers greater modularity and fewer dependencies; it takes up
42less space on your hard disk and takes less time to install.
42</p> 43</p>
43 44
44<p> 45<p>
45This guide will not only show you how to install and configure a minimal Xfce 46This guide will not only show you how to install and configure a minimal Xfce
46environment, but will also explore options to create a full-featured desktop in 47environment, but will also explore options to create a full-featured desktop in
56<section> 57<section>
57<title>The basics</title> 58<title>The basics</title>
58<body> 59<body>
59 60
60<p> 61<p>
61First, make sure you've setup Xorg as shown in the <uri 62First, make sure you've configured Xorg as shown in the <uri
62link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml">X Server Configuration Howto</uri>. 63link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml">X Server Configuration Howto</uri>.
63</p> 64</p>
64 65
65<p> 66<p>
66Next, double-check your USE flags in <path>/etc/make.conf</path>; you'll 67Next, double-check your USE flags in <path>/etc/make.conf</path>; you'll
67probably at least want <c>USE="-gnome -kde -qt3 -qt4 X dbus hal startup-notification xscreensaver"</c>. 68probably at least want <c>USE="-gnome -kde -minimal -qt4 dbus jpeg lock session
68</p> 69startup-notification thunar udev X"</c>.
69
70<p> 70</p>
71Now, let's install Xfce. 71
72<p>
73Now that you've set your <c>USE</c> variables in
74<path>/etc/make.conf</path>, it's time to install Xfce.
72</p> 75</p>
73 76
74<pre caption="Installing Xfce"> 77<pre caption="Installing Xfce">
75# <i>emerge -avt xfce4</i> 78# <i>emerge -avt xfce4-meta</i>
76</pre> 79</pre>
77 80
78<p> 81<p>
79Next, add your regular user(s) to the <c>plugdev</c>, <c>cdrom</c>, <c>cdrw</c>, 82Next, add your regular user(s) to the <c>plugdev</c>, <c>cdrom</c>, <c>cdrw</c>,
80and <c>usb</c> groups, so that they can take full advantage of <c>hal</c> and be 83and <c>usb</c> groups, so that they can mount and use devices such as cameras,
81able to mount and use devices such as cameras, optical drives, and USB sticks. 84optical drives, and USB sticks.
82</p> 85</p>
83 86
84<pre caption="Adding users to the hardware groups"> 87<pre caption="Adding users to the hardware groups">
85<comment>(Replace username with your actual user)</comment> 88<comment>(Replace username with your actual user)</comment>
86# <i>for x in plugdev cdrom cdrw usb ; do gpasswd -a username $x ; done</i> 89# <i>for x in plugdev cdrom cdrw usb ; do gpasswd -a username $x ; done</i>
93<pre caption="Updating environment variables"> 96<pre caption="Updating environment variables">
94# <i>env-update &amp;&amp; source /etc/profile</i> 97# <i>env-update &amp;&amp; source /etc/profile</i>
95</pre> 98</pre>
96 99
97<p> 100<p>
98Now start up <c>hald</c> and add it to the default runlevel: 101You'll also need a graphical terminal so that you can continue working with your
102new desktop environment. <c>x11-terms/terminal</c> is a good choice, as it's
103made specifically for Xfce. Install Terminal as shown:
99</p> 104</p>
100 105
101<pre caption="Starting hald"> 106<pre caption="Installing Terminal">
102# <i>/etc/init.d/hald start</i> 107# <i>emerge x11-terms/terminal</i>
103# <i>rc-update add hald default</i>
104</pre> 108</pre>
105 109
106</body> 110</body>
107</section> 111</section>
108</chapter> 112</chapter>
120</p> 124</p>
121 125
122<pre caption="Setting Xfce as the default desktop environment"> 126<pre caption="Setting Xfce as the default desktop environment">
123$ <i>echo "exec startxfce4" > ~/.xinitrc</i> 127$ <i>echo "exec startxfce4" > ~/.xinitrc</i>
124</pre> 128</pre>
129
130<note>
131If you have ConsoleKit installed, your <path>~/.xinitrc</path> should instead
132contain <c>exec ck-launch-session startxfce4</c>. Otherwise, some of your
133applications may stop working. You'll also need to add consolekit to the
134default runlevel by running the following command as root: <c>rc-update add
135consolekit default</c>.
136</note>
125 137
126<p> 138<p>
127Now start your graphical environment by typing <c>startx</c>: 139Now start your graphical environment by typing <c>startx</c>:
128</p> 140</p>
129 141
200use within Xfce. 212use within Xfce.
201</p> 213</p>
202 214
203<p> 215<p>
204There are many plugins for the panel available in Portage; see for yourself with 216There are many plugins for the panel available in Portage; see for yourself with
205<c>emerge --search xfce</c>. Though for the most part their names are self 217<c>emerge --search xfce</c>. Though for the most part their names are
206explanatory, a few deserve some attention, as they are quite helpful. To use 218self-explanatory, a few deserve extra attention, as they are quite helpful. To
207them, simply <c>emerge</c> them. They'll be added to the list of available items 219use them, simply <c>emerge</c> them. They'll be added to the list of available
208in the "Add New Item" menu shown when you right-click on the panel. 220items in the "Add New Items" menu shown when you right-click on the panel.
209</p> 221</p>
210 222
211<ul> 223<ul>
212 <li> 224 <li>
213 <c>xfce4-mount</c> gives you a handy method of mounting devices listed in
214 <path>/etc/fstab</path> just by clicking your mouse
215 </li>
216 <li>
217 <c>xfce4-battery</c> is perfect for laptop users. It displays battery 225 <c>xfce4-battery-plugin</c> is perfect for laptop users. It displays battery
218 percentage, time remaining, power source (AC or battery), fan status, 226 percentage, time remaining, power source (AC or battery), fan status,
219 warnings, and can even be configured to execute commands at certain power 227 warnings, and can even be configured to execute commands at certain power
220 levels. This feature can be used to put the laptop into hibernate mode when 228 levels. This feature can be used to put the laptop into hibernate mode when
221 the battery is almost exhausted. 229 the battery is almost exhausted.
222 </li> 230 </li>
223 <li> 231 <li>
224 <c>verve</c> is a small command line embedded into the panel. It's quicker 232 <c>xfce4-verve-plugin</c> is a small command line embedded into the panel.
225 than opening up another terminal when you want to run a command. 233 It's quicker than opening up another terminal when you want to run a
226 </li> 234 command.
227 <li> 235 </li>
228 <c>xfce4-mixer</c> is a volume control. It works with both ALSA and OSS 236 <li>
229 sound applications. 237 <c>xfce4-mount-plugin</c> gives you a handy method of mounting devices
238 listed in <path>/etc/fstab</path> just by clicking your mouse
239 </li>
240 <li>
241 <c>xfce4-sensors-plugin</c> lets you monitor your hardware sensors, such as
242 CPU temperature, fan RPM, hard drive temp, motherboard voltage, and more
230 </li> 243 </li>
231</ul> 244</ul>
232 245
233<p> 246<p>
234If you can't find what you're looking for in the plugins specifically made for 247If you can't find what you're looking for in the plugins specifically made for
235Xfce, try searching through the list of Gnome panel applets! That's right, by 248Xfce, try searching through the list of Gnome panel applets! That's right, by
236first emerging <c>xfce4-xfapplet</c>, you can install and run any applet made 249first emerging <c>xfce4-xfapplet-plugin</c>, you can install and run any applet
237for Gnome. 250made for Gnome.
238</p> 251</p>
239 252
240</body> 253</body>
241</section> 254</section>
242<section> 255<section>
243<title>Useful programs</title> 256<title>Useful programs</title>
244<body> 257<body>
245 258
246<p> 259<p>
247Xfce bundles a few useful applications, including <c>thunar</c>, 260We should now <c>emerge</c> some useful applications and utilities:
248<c>terminal</c>, <c>orage</c>, and <c>mousepad</c>. Note that the last three 261<c>xfce4-mixer</c>, <c>xfce4-taskmanager</c>, <c>xfwm4-themes</c>, <c>orage</c>,
249will not be installed if you built <c>xfce4</c> with the <c>minimal</c> USE 262<c>leafpad</c>, <c>xfce4-power-manager</c>, <c>x11-terms/terminal</c>, and
250flag. However, these are all very small, yet terrific applications, so they're 263<c>thunar</c>.
251well worth installing.
252</p>
253
254<p> 264</p>
265
266<p>
267<c>xfce4-mixer</c> is a volume control for your sound card. It can also be run
268as a panel applet, giving you fast access to playback volume.
269<c>xfce4-taskmanager</c> displays a list of all running programs, and the CPU
270and memory consumption each one takes up. By right-clicking an item, you can
271kill a misbehaving application, pause and restart it, or even alter its runtime
272priority, which lets you fine-tune how much of a demand it puts on your system's
273resources.
274</p>
275
276<p>
277<c>xfwm4-themes</c> adds several window manager themes. You may want to add a
278more full-coverage icon theme such as <c>tango-icon-theme</c> just to round out
279your desktop.
280</p>
281
282<p>
255<c>orage</c> is a simple, handy calendar. <c>mousepad</c> is a barebones text 283<c>orage</c> is a simple, handy calendar. <c>leafpad</c> is a barebones text
256editor that starts up extremely quickly. <c>terminal</c> is far more 284editor that starts up extremely quickly.
257configurable and useful than xterm, and supports Unicode text,
258pseudo-transparency and accelerated transparency via Xfce's built-in
259compositor, all out-of-the-box. Just make sure that the default action on the
260terminal launcher of your panel runs <path>/usr/bin/Terminal</path> instead of
261xterm. Right click the launcher and choose "Properties" to change the command.
262</p>
263
264<p> 285</p>
286
287<p>
288<c>xfce4-power-manager</c> is an application to monitor and manage power usage.
289This is especially important for laptops! The power manager allows you to adjust
290screen brightness, choose maximum performance or battery-saving modes, and setup
291hibernate, suspend, and shutdown actions when the lid is shut or buttons are
292pressed. You can set <uri
293link="http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/applications/xfce4-power-manager">xfce4-power-manager</uri>
294to warn you when your battery reaches certain levels, or even turn off your
295machine. The application comes with a couple of helpful panel plugins to display
296battery/charging status, and a brightness control.
297</p>
298
299<p>
300<c>x11-terms/terminal</c> is an X11 terminal emulator, far more configurable and
301useful than the barebones <c>xterm</c>. <c>terminal</c> supports Unicode text,
302color schemes, pseudo-transparency and hardware-accelerated transparency via
303Xfce's built-in compositor, all out-of-the-box. Just make sure that the default
304action on the terminal launcher of your panel runs
305<path>/usr/bin/Terminal</path> instead of <path>xterm</path>. Right-click the
306launcher and choose "Properties" to change the command.
307</p>
308
309<p>
265<c>thunar</c> is Xfce's built-in graphical file manager. It's fast yet quite 310<c>thunar</c> is Xfce's default graphical file manager. It's fast yet quite
266powerful, can support a few plugins for even more functionality; just install 311powerful, can support several plugins for even more functionality; just install
267them with <c>emerge</c>. Let's take a look: 312them with <c>emerge</c>. Let's take a look:
268</p> 313</p>
269 314
270<ul> 315<ul>
271 <li> 316 <li>
272 <c>thunar-archive</c> lets you create and extract archive files using the 317 <c>thunar-archive-plugin</c> lets you create and extract archive files using
273 right-click menu. It works even better when paired with the new graphical 318 the right-click menu. It provides a handy <uri
274 archiving <uri
275 link="http://www.foo-projects.org/~benny/projects/thunar-archive-plugin/">tool</uri> 319 link="http://www.foo-projects.org/~benny/projects/thunar-archive-plugin">front-end</uri>
276 developed for Xfce, <c>xarchiver</c>. 320 for graphical archiving applications such as <c>xarchiver</c>,
277 </li> 321 <c>squeeze</c>, and <c>file-roller</c>.
278 <li> 322 </li>
279 <c>thunar-media-tags</c> lets you intelligently rename multiple media files
280 at once, and lets you <uri
281 link="http://thunar.xfce.org/pwiki/projects/thunar-media-tags-plugin">edit</uri>
282 their information tags, such as id3 tags.
283 </li> 323 <li>
284 <li> 324 <c>tumbler</c> lets you preview certain types of files from within Thunar,
285 <c>thunar-thumbnailers</c> lets you <uri 325 such as images and fonts.
286 link="http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/thunar-plugins/thunar-thumbnailers">preview</uri>
287 certain types of files from within Thunar, such as images and fonts.
288 </li> 326 </li>
289 <li> 327 <li>
290 <c>thunar-volman</c> automatically <uri 328 <c>thunar-volman</c> automatically <uri
291 link="http://foo-projects.org/~benny/projects/thunar-volman/">manages</uri> 329 link="http://foo-projects.org/~benny/projects/thunar-volman/">manages</uri>
292 removable media and drives. 330 removable media and drives.
297Next, let's see about adding some useful but lightweight desktop applications, 335Next, let's see about adding some useful but lightweight desktop applications,
298in keeping with Xfce's philosophy. 336in keeping with Xfce's philosophy.
299</p> 337</p>
300 338
301<p> 339<p>
302Though <c>mousepad</c> is nice enough, if you need a full-featured word 340Though <c>leafpad</c> is nice enough as a basic text editor, if you need a
303processor but don't want the bloat of OpenOffice, try emerging <c>abiword</c>. 341full-featured word processor but don't want the bloat of OpenOffice, try
304<uri link="http://www.abisource.com">AbiWord</uri> is lighter, faster, and is 342emerging <c>abiword</c>. <uri link="http://www.abisource.com">AbiWord</uri> is
305completely interoperable with industry-standard document types. 343lighter, faster, and is completely interoperable with industry-standard document
306</p> 344types. It can also be further extended with <c>abiword-plugins</c>.
307
308<pre caption="Adding a word processor">
309# <i>emerge -avt abiword</i>
310</pre> 345</p>
311 346
312<p> 347<p>
313Need a nice email client/newsreader that isn't as demanding as 348Need a nice email client/newsreader that isn't as demanding as
314<c>mozilla-thunderbird</c> or <c>evolution</c>? Try emerging <c>claws-mail</c>. 349<c>thunderbird</c> or <c>evolution</c>? Try emerging <c>claws-mail</c>.
315</p> 350</p>
316 351
317<p> 352<p>
318For your internet chat needs, <c>irssi</c> is an excellent, tiny, incredibly 353For your internet chat needs, <c>irssi</c> is an excellent, tiny, incredibly
319configurable IRC client that runs in your terminal. If you prefer a compact 354configurable IRC client that runs in your terminal. If you prefer a compact
321<c>emerge pidgin</c>. 356<c>emerge pidgin</c>.
322</p> 357</p>
323 358
324<p> 359<p>
325If you need movie and music players, look no further than <c>mplayer</c> and 360If you need movie and music players, look no further than <c>mplayer</c> and
361<uri link="/proj/en/desktop/sound/decibel.xml">decibel-audio-player</uri>. They
326<c>audacious</c>. They can play most every media format available quite nicely, 362can play most every media format available quite nicely.
327and have a wealth of additional plugins available for additional functionality.
328</p> 363</p>
329 364
330<p> 365<p>
331Finally, you'll need a webbrowser. Nearly all graphical webbrowsers require more 366Finally, you'll need a webbrowser. Nearly all graphical webbrowsers require more
332resources than most of your other desktop applications. Still, 367resources than most of your other desktop applications. Still, <c>firefox</c>
333<c>mozilla-firefox</c> (or <c>mozilla-firefox-bin</c>) is always a good choice. 368and <c>midori</c> are always good choices. Alternatively, you may find
334Alternatively, you may find <c>opera</c> to be quite fast. However, <c>opera</c> 369<c>opera</c> to be quite fast. However, <c>opera</c> is not available on as many
335is not available on as many processor architectures as <c>mozilla-firefox</c>, 370processor architectures as <c>firefox</c>, and it has more dependencies unless
336and it has more dependencies unless you override them with a USE flag. 371you override them with a few USE flags.
337</p> 372</p>
338 373
339<pre caption="Adding a webbrowser"> 374<pre caption="Adding a webbrowser">
340<comment>(Installing Mozilla Firefox)</comment> 375<comment>(Installing Mozilla Firefox)</comment>
341# <i>emerge mozilla-firefox</i> 376# <i>emerge firefox</i>
377<comment>(Installing Midori)</comment>
378# <i>emerge midori</i>
342<comment>(Installing Opera)</comment> 379<comment>(Installing Opera)</comment>
343# <i>echo "www-client/opera qt-static" >> /etc/portage/package.use</i> 380# <i>echo "www-client/opera gtk -kde" >> /etc/portage/package.use</i>
344# <i>emerge opera</i> 381# <i>emerge opera</i>
345</pre> 382</pre>
346 383
347<p> 384<p>
348Now that we've explored some good suggestions for rounding out your desktop 385Now that we've explored some good suggestions for rounding out your desktop
385 422
386<pre caption="Installing SLiM"> 423<pre caption="Installing SLiM">
387# <i>emerge -avt slim</i> 424# <i>emerge -avt slim</i>
388</pre> 425</pre>
389 426
427<note>
428The <c>branding</c> USE flag will pull in the <c>slim-themes</c> package, which
429will give you an assortment of login themes, including a Gentoo Linux theme.
430</note>
431
390<p> 432<p>
391Then edit the DISPLAYMANAGER variable in <path>/etc/conf.d/xdm</path>: 433Then edit the DISPLAYMANAGER variable in <path>/etc/conf.d/xdm</path>:
392</p> 434</p>
393 435
394<pre caption="Editing /etc/conf.d/xdm"> 436<pre caption="Editing /etc/conf.d/xdm">
395DISPLAYMANAGER="slim" 437DISPLAYMANAGER="slim"
396</pre> 438</pre>
397 439
398<p> 440<p>
399SLiM can automatically start your Xfce session if you add 441SLiM can automatically start your Xfce session if you add
400<c>XSESSION="Xfce4"</c> to <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>. 442<c>XSESSION="Xfce4"</c> to <path>/etc/env.d/90xsession</path>:
443</p>
444
445<pre caption="Setting XSESSION">
446# <i>echo XSESSION=\"Xfce4\" > /etc/env.d/90xsession</i>
447# <i>env-update &amp;&amp; source /etc/profile</i>
401</p> 448</pre>
402 449
403</body> 450</body>
404</section> 451</section>
405<section> 452<section>
406<title>Beautifying your desktop</title> 453<title>Beautifying your desktop</title>
430<p> 477<p>
431If you installed SLiM as your display manager, there are lots of themes in the 478If you installed SLiM as your display manager, there are lots of themes in the
432<c>slim-themes</c> package available in Portage. Also, be sure to check the SLiM 479<c>slim-themes</c> package available in Portage. Also, be sure to check the SLiM
433<uri link="http://slim.berlios.de/themes01.php">themes page</uri> for more 480<uri link="http://slim.berlios.de/themes01.php">themes page</uri> for more
434themes. Creating your own SLiM theme is fairly easy; just read the <uri 481themes. Creating your own SLiM theme is fairly easy; just read the <uri
435link="http://slim.berlios.de/themes_howto.php">Themes HowTo</uri>. 482link="http://slim.berlios.de/themes_howto.php">Themes HowTo</uri>. Gentoo also
483ships a <c>slim-themes</c> package that you can <c>emerge</c>.
436</p> 484</p>
437 485
438<p> 486<p>
439Finally, Xfce has its own built-in compositor to manage window transparency. 487Finally, Xfce has its own built-in compositor to manage window transparency.
440This option can be found in Menu --> Settings --> Window Manager. For best 488This option can be found in Menu --> Settings --> Window Manager. For best
457<uri link="/doc/en/index.xml?catid=desktop">Desktop Documentation 505<uri link="/doc/en/index.xml?catid=desktop">Desktop Documentation
458Resources</uri> list to learn about configuring hardware-accelerated rendering 506Resources</uri> list to learn about configuring hardware-accelerated rendering
459for your graphics card. 507for your graphics card.
460</p> 508</p>
461 509
510<p>
511Once you've finished setting up a beautiful Xfce desktop, the next thing to do
512is take a picture of it to share with other folks! Just install
513<c>xfce4-screenshooter</c> and post your pictures somewhere for all to admire.
514</p>
515
462</body> 516</body>
463</section> 517</section>
464</chapter> 518</chapter>
465 519
466<chapter> 520<chapter>

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