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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
3<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/xorg-config.xml,v 1.41 2010/10/12 23:13:18 nightmorph Exp $ --> 3<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/xorg-config.xml,v 1.42 2010/10/25 07:38:17 nightmorph Exp $ -->
4 4
5<guide> 5<guide>
6<title>The X Server Configuration HOWTO</title> 6<title>The X Server Configuration HOWTO</title>
7 7
8<author title="Author"> 8<author title="Author">
9 <mail link="swift"/> 9 <mail link="swift"/>
10</author> 10</author>
11<author title="Author"> 11<author title="Author">
12 <mail link="nightmorph"/> 12 <mail link="nightmorph"/>
13</author> 13</author>
14 14
15<abstract> 15<abstract>
16Xorg is the X Window server which allows users to have a graphical 16Xorg is the X Window server which allows users to have a graphical
17environment at their fingertips. This HOWTO explains what Xorg is, how to 17environment at their fingertips. This HOWTO explains what Xorg is, how to
18install it and what the various configuration options are. 18install it and what the various configuration options are.
19</abstract> 19</abstract>
20 20
21<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 21<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
22<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 --> 22<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
23<license/> 23<license/>
24 24
25<version>3</version> 25<version>4</version>
26<date>2010-10-12</date> 26<date>2010-10-25</date>
27 27
28<chapter> 28<chapter>
29<title>What is the X Window Server?</title> 29<title>What is the X Window Server?</title>
30<section> 30<section>
31<title>Graphical vs Command-Line</title> 31<title>Graphical vs Command-Line</title>
32<body> 32<body>
33 33
34<p> 34<p>
35The average user may be frightened at the thought of having to type in commands. 35The average user may be frightened at the thought of having to type in commands.
36Why wouldn't he be able to point and click his way through the freedom provided 36Why wouldn't he be able to point and click his way through the freedom provided
37by Gentoo (and Linux in general)? Well, of course you are able to 37by Gentoo (and Linux in general)? Well, of course you are able to
38do this! Linux offers a wide variety of flashy user interfaces and 38do this! Linux offers a wide variety of flashy user interfaces and
39environments which you can install on top of your existing installation. 39environments which you can install on top of your existing installation.
40</p> 40</p>
41 41
285</pre> 285</pre>
286 286
287<p> 287<p>
288If the suggested settings don't work for you, you should run <c>emerge -pv 288If the suggested settings don't work for you, you should run <c>emerge -pv
289xorg-drivers</c>, check all the options available and choose those which apply to 289xorg-drivers</c>, check all the options available and choose those which apply to
290your system. This example is for a system with a keyboard, mouse, Synaptics 290your system. This example is for a system with a keyboard, mouse, Synaptics
291touchpad, and a Radeon video card. 291touchpad, and a Radeon video card.
292</p> 292</p>
293 293
294<pre caption="Displaying all the driver options available"> 294<pre caption="Displaying all the driver options available">
295# <i>emerge -pv xorg-drivers</i> 295# <i>emerge -pv xorg-drivers</i>
296 296
297These are the packages that would be merged, in order: 297These are the packages that would be merged, in order:
298 298
299Calculating dependencies... done! 299Calculating dependencies... done!
300[ebuild R ] x11-base/xorg-drivers-1.8 INPUT_DEVICES="evdev synaptics 300[ebuild R ] x11-base/xorg-drivers-1.9 INPUT_DEVICES="evdev synaptics
301-acecad -aiptek -elographics% -fpit% -joystick -keyboard -mouse -penmount -tslib 301-acecad -aiptek -elographics% -fpit% -joystick -keyboard -mouse -penmount -tslib
302-virtualbox -vmmouse -void -wacom" 302-virtualbox -vmmouse -void -wacom"
303VIDEO_CARDS="radeon -apm -ark -ast -chips -cirrus -dummy -epson -fbdev -fglrx 303VIDEO_CARDS="radeon -apm -ark -ast -chips -cirrus -dummy -epson -fbdev -fglrx
304(-geode) -glint -i128 (-i740) (-impact) -intel -mach64 -mga -neomagic (-newport) 304(-geode) -glint -i128 (-i740) (-impact) -intel -mach64 -mga -neomagic (-newport)
305-nouveau -nv -nvidia -r128 -radeonhd -rendition -s3 -s3virge -savage 305-nouveau -nv -nvidia -r128 -rendition -s3 -s3virge -savage -siliconmotion -sis
306-siliconmotion -sis -sisusb (-sunbw2) (-suncg14) (-suncg3) (-suncg6) (-sunffb) 306-sisusb (-sunbw2) (-suncg14) (-suncg3) (-suncg6) (-sunffb) (-sunleo) (-suntcx)
307(-sunleo) (-suntcx) -tdfx -tga -trident -tseng -v4l -vesa -via -virtualbox 307-tdfx -tga -trident -tseng -v4l -vesa -via -virtualbox -vmware (-voodoo) (-xgi)"
308-vmware (-voodoo) (-xgi)" 0 kB 3080 kB
309</pre> 309</pre>
310 310
311<p> 311<p>
312After setting all the necessary variables you can install the Xorg package. 312After setting all the necessary variables you can install the Xorg package.
313</p> 313</p>
314 314
315<pre caption="Installing Xorg"> 315<pre caption="Installing Xorg">
316# <i>emerge xorg-server</i> 316# <i>emerge xorg-server</i>
317</pre> 317</pre>
318 318
319<note> 319<note>
320You could install the <c>xorg-x11</c> metapackage instead of the more 320You could install the <c>xorg-x11</c> metapackage instead of the more
321lightweight <c>xorg-server</c>. Functionally, <c>xorg-x11</c> and 321lightweight <c>xorg-server</c>. Functionally, <c>xorg-x11</c> and
322<c>xorg-server</c> are the same. However, <c>xorg-x11</c> brings in many more 322<c>xorg-server</c> are the same. However, <c>xorg-x11</c> brings in many more
323packages that you probably don't need, such as a huge assortment of fonts in 323packages that you probably don't need, such as a huge assortment of fonts in

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