/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/xorg-config.xml
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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
3<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/xorg-config.xml,v 1.43 2011/03/02 07:17:38 nightmorph Exp $ --> 3<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/xorg-config.xml,v 1.44 2011/03/02 08:16:43 nightmorph Exp $ -->
4 4
5<guide> 5<guide>
6<title>The X Server Configuration HOWTO</title> 6<title>The X Server Configuration HOWTO</title>
7 7
8<author title="Author"> 8<author title="Author">
9 <mail link="swift"/> 9 <mail link="swift"/>
10</author> 10</author>
11<author title="Author"> 11<author title="Author">
12 <mail link="nightmorph"/> 12 <mail link="nightmorph"/>
13</author> 13</author>
14 14
15<abstract> 15<abstract>
16Xorg is the X Window server which allows users to have a graphical 16Xorg is the X Window server which allows users to have a graphical
17environment at their fingertips. This HOWTO explains what Xorg is, how to 17environment at their fingertips. This HOWTO explains what Xorg is, how to
18install it and what the various configuration options are. 18install it and what the various configuration options are.
19</abstract> 19</abstract>
20 20
21<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 21<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
22<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 --> 22<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
23<license/> 23<license/>
24 24
25<version>5</version> 25<version>6</version>
26<date>2011-03-01</date> 26<date>2011-03-02</date>
27 27
28<chapter> 28<chapter>
29<title>What is the X Window Server?</title> 29<title>What is the X Window Server?</title>
30<section> 30<section>
31<title>Graphical vs Command-Line</title> 31<title>Graphical vs Command-Line</title>
32<body> 32<body>
33 33
34<p> 34<p>
35The average user may be frightened at the thought of having to type in commands. 35The average user may be frightened at the thought of having to type in commands.
36Why wouldn't he be able to point and click his way through the freedom provided 36Why wouldn't he be able to point and click his way through the freedom provided
37by Gentoo (and Linux in general)? Well, of course you are able to 37by Gentoo (and Linux in general)? Well, of course you are able to
38do this! Linux offers a wide variety of flashy user interfaces and 38do this! Linux offers a wide variety of flashy user interfaces and
39environments which you can install on top of your existing installation. 39environments which you can install on top of your existing installation.
40</p> 40</p>
41 41
568</p> 568</p>
569 569
570<ul> 570<ul>
571 <li> 571 <li>
572 If a file named <path>.xinitrc</path> exists in the home directory, it will 572 If a file named <path>.xinitrc</path> exists in the home directory, it will
573 execute the commands listed there. 573 execute the commands listed there.
574 </li> 574 </li>
575 <li> 575 <li>
576 Otherwise, it will read the value of the XSESSION variable and will execute 576 Otherwise, it will read the value of the XSESSION variable and will execute
577 one of the sessions available in <path>/etc/X11/Sessions/</path> 577 one of the sessions available in <path>/etc/X11/Sessions/</path>
578 accordingly. You can set the value of XSESSION in 578 accordingly. You can set the value of XSESSION in
579 <path>/etc/env.d/90xsession</path> to make it a default for all the users 579 <path>/etc/env.d/90xsession</path> to make it a default for all the users
580 on the system. For example, as root, run <c>echo XSESSION="Xfce4" > 580 on the system. For example, as root, run <c>echo XSESSION="Xfce4" >
581 /etc/env.d/90xsession</c>. This will create the <path>90xsession</path> file 581 /etc/env.d/90xsession</c>. This will create the <path>90xsession</path> file
582 and set the default X session to <uri 582 and set the default X session to <uri
583 link="/doc/en/xfce-config.xml">Xfce</uri>. 583 link="/doc/en/xfce-config.xml">Xfce</uri>. Remember to run <c>env-update</c>
584 after changing <path>90xsession</path>.
584 </li> 585 </li>
585</ul> 586</ul>
586 587
587<pre caption="Starting X"> 588<pre caption="Starting X">
588$ <i>startx</i> 589$ <i>startx</i>
589</pre> 590</pre>
590 591
591<p> 592<p>
592You can kill the X session by using the Ctrl-Alt-Backspace key combination. This 593You can kill the X session by using the Ctrl-Alt-Backspace key combination. This
593will, however, make X exit disgracefully -- something that you might not always 594will, however, make X exit disgracefully -- something that you might not always
594want. 595want.
595</p> 596</p>
596 597
597<p> 598<p>
598If you haven't yet installed a window manager, all you'll see is a black screen. 599If you haven't yet installed a window manager, all you'll see is a black screen.

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