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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
3<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/xorg-config.xml,v 1.48 2011/09/02 19:07:12 swift Exp $ --> 3<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/xorg-config.xml,v 1.49 2012/06/14 06:48:33 nightmorph Exp $ -->
4 4
5<guide> 5<guide>
6<title>The X Server Configuration HOWTO</title> 6<title>The X Server Configuration HOWTO</title>
7 7
8<author title="Author"> 8<author title="Author">
9 <mail link="swift"/> 9 <mail link="swift"/>
10</author> 10</author>
11<author title="Author"> 11<author title="Author">
12 <mail link="nightmorph"/> 12 <mail link="nightmorph"/>
13</author> 13</author>
14 14
15<abstract> 15<abstract>
16Xorg is the X Window server which allows users to have a graphical 16Xorg is the X Window server which allows users to have a graphical
17environment at their fingertips. This HOWTO explains what Xorg is, how to 17environment at their fingertips. This HOWTO explains what Xorg is, how to
18install it and what the various configuration options are. 18install it and what the various configuration options are.
19</abstract> 19</abstract>
20 20
21<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 21<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
22<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 --> 22<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
23<license/> 23<license/>
24 24
25<version>10</version> 25<version>11</version>
26<date>2011-09-02</date> 26<date>2012-06-13</date>
27 27
28<chapter> 28<chapter>
29<title>What is the X Window Server?</title> 29<title>What is the X Window Server?</title>
30<section> 30<section>
31<title>Graphical vs Command-Line</title> 31<title>Graphical vs Command-Line</title>
32<body> 32<body>
33 33
34<p> 34<p>
35The average user may be frightened at the thought of having to type in commands. 35The average user may be frightened at the thought of having to type in commands.
36Why wouldn't he be able to point and click his way through the freedom provided 36Why wouldn't he be able to point and click his way through the freedom provided
37by Gentoo (and Linux in general)? Well, of course you are able to 37by Gentoo (and Linux in general)? Well, of course you are able to
38do this! Linux offers a wide variety of flashy user interfaces and 38do this! Linux offers a wide variety of flashy user interfaces and
39environments which you can install on top of your existing installation. 39environments which you can install on top of your existing installation.
40</p> 40</p>
41 41
150Next, configure your kernel to use the proper KMS driver for your video card. 150Next, configure your kernel to use the proper KMS driver for your video card.
151Intel, nVidia, and AMD/ATI are the most common cards, so follow code listing for 151Intel, nVidia, and AMD/ATI are the most common cards, so follow code listing for
152your card below. 152your card below.
153</p> 153</p>
154 154
155<p> 155<p>
156For Intel cards: 156For Intel cards:
157</p> 157</p>
158 158
159<pre caption="Intel settings"> 159<pre caption="Intel settings">
160Device Drivers ---&gt; 160Device Drivers ---&gt;
161 Graphics support ---&gt; 161 Graphics support ---&gt;
162 /dev/agpgart (AGP Support) ---&gt; 162 /dev/agpgart (AGP Support) ---&gt;
163 &lt;*&gt; Intel 440LX/BX/GX, I8xx and E7x05 chipset support 163 &lt;*&gt; Intel 440LX/BX/GX, I8xx and E7x05 chipset support
164 Direct Rendering Manager (XFree86 4.1.0 and higher DRI support) ---&gt; 164 Direct Rendering Manager (XFree86 4.1.0 and higher DRI support) ---&gt;
165 &lt;*&gt; Intel 830M, 845G, 852GM, 855GM, 865G (i915 driver) 165 &lt;*&gt; Intel 8xx/9xx/G3x/G4x/HD Graphics
166 i915 driver
167 [*] Enable modesetting on intel by default 166 [*] Enable modesetting on intel by default
168</pre> 167</pre>
169 168
170<p> 169<p>
171For nVidia cards: 170For nVidia cards:
172</p> 171</p>
173 172
174<pre caption="nVidia settings"> 173<pre caption="nVidia settings">
175<comment>(Enable DRM)</comment>
176Device Drivers ---&gt; 174Device Drivers ---&gt;
177 Graphics support ---&gt; 175 Graphics support ---&gt;
178 &lt;*&gt; Direct Rendering Manager ---&gt; 176 Direct Rendering Manager (XFree86 4.1.0 and higher DRI support) ---&gt;
179
180<comment>(Nouveau is currently in the Staging drivers section)</comment>
181Device Drivers ---&gt;
182 Staging drivers ---&gt;
183 [ ] Exclude Staging drivers from being built
184 &lt;*&gt; Nouveau (nVidia) cards 177 &lt;*&gt; Nouveau (nVidia) cards
185</pre> 178</pre>
186 179
187<p> 180<p>
188For newer AMD/ATI cards (<uri link="/doc/en/ati-faq.xml">RadeonHD 2000 and 181For newer AMD/ATI cards (<uri link="/doc/en/ati-faq.xml">RadeonHD 2000 and
189up</uri>), you will need to emerge <c>radeon-ucode</c> or 182up</uri>), you will need to emerge <c>radeon-ucode</c> or
190<c>linux-firmware</c>. Once you have installed one of these packages, 183<c>linux-firmware</c>. Once you have installed one of these packages,
191configure your kernel as shown: 184configure your kernel as shown:
192</p> 185</p>
193 186
194<pre caption="AMD/ATI settings"> 187<pre caption="AMD/ATI settings">
195<comment>(Setup the kernel to use the radeon-ucode firmware)</comment> 188<comment>(Setup the kernel to use the radeon-ucode firmware)</comment>
196Device Drivers ---&gt; 189Device Drivers ---&gt;
197 Generic Driver Options ---&gt; 190 Generic Driver Options ---&gt;
198 [*] Include in-kernel firmware blobs in kernel binary 191 [*] Include in-kernel firmware blobs in kernel binary
199 <comment># RadeonHD 2000, 3000, and 4000 series cards:</comment> 192 <comment># RadeonHD 2000, 3000, and 4000 series cards:</comment>
200 (radeon/R600_rlc.bin radeon/R700_rlc.bin) External firmware blobs 193 (radeon/R600_rlc.bin radeon/R700_rlc.bin) External firmware blobs
201 <comment># RadeonHD 5000, a.k.a Evergreen, and newer cards:</comment> 194 <comment># RadeonHD 5000, a.k.a Evergreen:</comment>
202 (radeon/CEDAR_me.bin radeon/CEDAR_pfp.bin radeon/CEDAR_rlc.bin 195 (radeon/CEDAR_me.bin radeon/CEDAR_pfp.bin radeon/CEDAR_rlc.bin
203 radeon/CYPRESS_me.bin radeon/CYPRESS_pfp.bin radeon/CYPRESS_rlc.bin 196 radeon/CYPRESS_me.bin radeon/CYPRESS_pfp.bin radeon/CYPRESS_rlc.bin
204 radeon/JUNIPER_me.bin radeon/JUNIPER_pfp.bin radeon/JUNIPER_rlc.bin 197 radeon/JUNIPER_me.bin radeon/JUNIPER_pfp.bin radeon/JUNIPER_rlc.bin
205 radeon/REDWOOD_me.bin radeon/REDWOOD_pfp.bin 198 radeon/REDWOOD_me.bin radeon/REDWOOD_pfp.bin
206 radeon/REDWOOD_rlc.bin) External firmware blobs 199 radeon/REDWOOD_rlc.bin) External firmware blobs
207 <comment># Radeon HD 6000 series Fusion APUs:</comment> 200 <comment># Radeon HD 6000/7300 series Fusion APUs:</comment>
208 (radeon/PALM_me.bin radeon/PALM_pfp.bin radeon/SUMO2_me.bin 201 (radeon/PALM_me.bin radeon/PALM_pfp.bin radeon/SUMO2_me.bin
209 radeon/SUMO2_pfp.bin radeon/SUMO_me.bin radeon/SUMO_pfp.bin 202 radeon/SUMO2_pfp.bin radeon/SUMO_me.bin radeon/SUMO_pfp.bin
210 radeon/SUMO_rlc.bin) External firmware blobs 203 radeon/SUMO_rlc.bin) External firmware blobs
211 <comment># Radeon HD 6400-6900 aka. Northern Islands:</comment> 204 <comment># Radeon HD 6400-7600 aka. Northern Islands:</comment>
212 (radeon/BARTS_mc.bin radeon/BARTS_me.bin radeon/BARTS_pfp.bin 205 (radeon/BARTS_mc.bin radeon/BARTS_me.bin radeon/BARTS_pfp.bin
213 radeon/BTC_rlc.bin radeon/CAICOS_mc.bin radeon/CAICOS_me.bin 206 radeon/BTC_rlc.bin radeon/CAICOS_mc.bin radeon/CAICOS_me.bin
214 radeon/CAICOS_pfp.bin radeon/CAYMAN_mc.bin radeon/CAYMAN_me.bin 207 radeon/CAICOS_pfp.bin radeon/CAYMAN_mc.bin radeon/CAYMAN_me.bin
215 radeon/CAYMAN_pfp.bin radeon/CAYMAN_rlc.bin radeon/TURKS_mc.bin 208 radeon/CAYMAN_pfp.bin radeon/CAYMAN_rlc.bin radeon/TURKS_mc.bin
216 radeon/TURKS_me.bin radeon/TURKS_pfp.bin) External firmware blobs 209 radeon/TURKS_me.bin radeon/TURKS_pfp.bin) External firmware blobs
210 <comment># Radeon HD 7500/7600 series Fusion APUs:</comment>
211 (radeon/ARUBA_me.bin radeon/ARUBA_pfp.bin radeon/ARUBA_rlc.bin)
212 External firmware blobs
213 <comment># Radeon HD 7700-7900 aka. Southern Islands:</comment>
214 (radeon/PITCAIRN_ce.bin radeon/PITCAIRN_mc.bin radeon/PITCAIRN_me.bin
215 radeon/PITCAIRN_pfp.bin radeon/PITCAIRN_rlc.bin radeon/TAHITI_ce.bin
216 radeon/TAHITI_mc.bin radeon/TAHITI_me.bin radeon/TAHITI_pfp.bin
217 radeon/TAHITI_rlc.bin radeon/VERDE_ce.bin radeon/VERDE_mc.bin
218 radeon/VERDE_me.bin radeon/VERDE_pfp.bin radeon/VERDE_rlc.bin)
219 External firmware blobs
220 <comment># all:</comment>
217 (/lib/firmware/) Firmware blobs root directory 221 (/lib/firmware/) Firmware blobs root directory
218 222
219<comment>(Enable Radeon KMS support)</comment> 223<comment>(Enable Radeon KMS support)</comment>
220Device Drivers ---&gt; 224Device Drivers ---&gt;
221 Graphics support ---&gt; 225 Graphics support ---&gt;
222 &lt;*&gt; Direct Rendering Manager ---&gt; 226 &lt;*&gt; Direct Rendering Manager ---&gt;
223 &lt;*&gt; ATI Radeon 227 &lt;*&gt; ATI Radeon
224 [*] Enable modesetting on radeon by default 228 [*] Enable modesetting on radeon by default
225</pre> 229</pre>
226 230
227<note> 231<note>
228Old Radeon cards (X1900 series and older) don't need the <c>radeon-ucode</c> 232Old Radeon cards (X1900 series and older) don't need the <c>radeon-ucode</c>
229package or any firmware configuration. Just enable the Direct Rendering Manager 233package or any firmware configuration. Just enable the Direct Rendering Manager
230and ATI Radeon modesetting. 234and ATI Radeon modesetting.
231</note> 235</note>

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