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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2 2
3<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/xorg-config.xml,v 1.15 2005/07/13 21:21:05 yoswink Exp $ --> 3<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/xorg-config.xml,v 1.16 2005/09/09 05:57:43 fox2mike Exp $ -->
4 4
5<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 5<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
6 6
7<guide link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml"> 7<guide link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml">
8 8
21<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 21<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
22<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0 --> 22<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0 -->
23<license/> 23<license/>
24 24
25<version>1.12</version> 25<version>1.12</version>
26<date>2005-05-23</date> 26<date>2005-09-09</date>
27 27
28<chapter> 28<chapter>
29<title>What is the X Window Server?</title> 29<title>What is the X Window Server?</title>
30<section> 30<section>
31<title>Graphical vs Command-Line</title> 31<title>Graphical vs Command-Line</title>
46a powerful tool that fully enables the graphical abilities of your workstation. 46a powerful tool that fully enables the graphical abilities of your workstation.
47</p> 47</p>
48 48
49<p> 49<p>
50As standards are important, a standard for drawing and moving windows on a 50As standards are important, a standard for drawing and moving windows on a
51screen, interacting with the user through mouse and keyboard and other basic yet 51screen, interacting with the user through mouse, keyboard and other basic, yet
52important aspects has been created and named the <e>X Window System</e>, 52important aspects has been created and named the <e>X Window System</e>,
53commonly abbreviated as <e>X11</e> or just <e>X</e>. It is used on Unix, Linux 53commonly abbreviated as <e>X11</e> or just <e>X</e>. It is used on Unix, Linux
54and Unix-like operating systems throughout the world. 54and Unix-like operating systems throughout the world.
55</p> 55</p>
56 56
68<title>The X.org Project</title> 68<title>The X.org Project</title>
69<body> 69<body>
70 70
71<p> 71<p>
72The <uri link="http://www.x.org">X.org</uri> project created and 72The <uri link="http://www.x.org">X.org</uri> project created and
73maintains a freely redistributable open-source implementation of the X11 system. 73maintains a freely redistributable, open-source implementation of the X11
74It is an open source X11-based desktop infrastructure. 74system. It is an open source X11-based desktop infrastructure.
75</p> 75</p>
76 76
77<p> 77<p>
78Xorg provides an interface between your hardware and the graphical software 78Xorg provides an interface between your hardware and the graphical software
79you want to run. Besides that, Xorg is also fully network-aware, meaning you 79you want to run. Besides that, Xorg is also fully network-aware, meaning you
82</p> 82</p>
83 83
84</body> 84</body>
85</section> 85</section>
86</chapter> 86</chapter>
87
87<chapter> 88<chapter>
88<title>Installing Xorg</title> 89<title>Installing Xorg</title>
89<section> 90<section>
90<title>Using emerge</title> 91<title>Using emerge</title>
91<body> 92<body>
191# <i>xorgconfig</i> 192# <i>xorgconfig</i>
192</pre> 193</pre>
193 194
194<p> 195<p>
195Another tool, also provided by Xorg, is <c>xorgcfg</c>, which will first 196Another tool, also provided by Xorg, is <c>xorgcfg</c>, which will first
196attempts to run <c>Xorg -configure</c> and then start the X server for more 197attempt to run <c>Xorg -configure</c> and then start the X server for more
197final tweaking. 198final tweaking.
198</p> 199</p>
199 200
200<pre caption="Using xorgcfg"> 201<pre caption="Using xorgcfg">
201# <i>xorgcfg</i> 202# <i>xorgcfg</i>
255 256
256<p> 257<p>
257If you see an ugly, loathsome, repulsive, deformed window manager, that's 258If you see an ugly, loathsome, repulsive, deformed window manager, that's
258<c>twm</c>. To finish the twm session, type in <c>exit</c> or Ctrl-D in the 259<c>twm</c>. To finish the twm session, type in <c>exit</c> or Ctrl-D in the
259upcoming xterms. You can also kill the X session using the Ctrl-Alt-Backspace 260upcoming xterms. You can also kill the X session using the Ctrl-Alt-Backspace
260combination. This will however make X exit disgracefully - something that you 261combination. This will however make X exit disgracefully -- something that you
261might not always want. It doesn't hurt though :) 262might not always want. It doesn't hurt though :)
262</p> 263</p>
263 264
264</body> 265</body>
265</section> 266</section>
271<body> 272<body>
272 273
273<p> 274<p>
274If you feel that the screen resolution is wrong, you will need to check two 275If you feel that the screen resolution is wrong, you will need to check two
275sections in your configuration. First of all, you have the <e>Screen</e> section 276sections in your configuration. First of all, you have the <e>Screen</e> section
276which lists the resolutions - if any - that your X server will run at. By 277which lists the resolutions, if any that your X server will run at. By
277default, this section might not list any resolutions at all. If this is the 278default, this section might not list any resolutions at all. If this is the
278case, Xorg will estimate the resolutions based on the information in the 279case, Xorg will estimate the resolutions based on the information in the
279second section, <e>Monitor</e>. 280second section, <e>Monitor</e>.
280</p> 281</p>
281 282
288use a tool that searches for your monitor's specs, such as 289use a tool that searches for your monitor's specs, such as
289<c>sys-apps/ddcxinfo-knoppix</c>. 290<c>sys-apps/ddcxinfo-knoppix</c>.
290</p> 291</p>
291 292
292<warn> 293<warn>
293Do <b>not</b> "just" change the values of these two monitor-related variables 294Do <b>not</b> "just" change the values of these two monitor related variables
294without consulting the technical specifications of your monitor. Setting 295without consulting the technical specifications of your monitor. Setting
295incorrect values lead to out-of-sync errors at best and smoked up screens at 296incorrect values lead to out-of-sync errors at best and smoked up screens at
296worst. 297worst.
297</warn> 298</warn>
298 299
299<p> 300<p>
300Now let us change the resolutions. In the next example from 301Now let us change the resolutions. In the next example from
301<path>/etc/X11/xorg.conf</path> we add the <c>Modes</c> lines and the 302<path>/etc/X11/xorg.conf</path> we add the <c>Modes</c> lines and the
302<c>DefaultDepth</c> so that our X server starts with 24 bits at 1024x768 by 303<c>DefaultDepth</c> so that our X server starts with 24 bits at 1024x768 by
303default. Don't mind the given strings - they are examples and will most likely 304default. Don't mind the given strings -- they are examples and will most likely
304differ from the settings on your system. 305differ from the settings on your system.
305</p> 306</p>
306 307
307<pre caption="Changing the Screen section in /etc/X11/xorg.conf"> 308<pre caption="Changing the Screen section in /etc/X11/xorg.conf">
308Section "Screen" 309Section "Screen"
372</p> 373</p>
373 374
374<p> 375<p>
375If your mouse is detected, fill in the device in the appropriate 376If your mouse is detected, fill in the device in the appropriate
376<e>InputDevice</e> section. In the next example you'll see we also set two other 377<e>InputDevice</e> section. In the next example you'll see we also set two other
377options: <c>Protocol</c> (which lists the mouse protocol to be used - most users 378options: <c>Protocol</c> (which lists the mouse protocol to be used -- most
378will use PS/2 or IMPS/2) and <c>ZAxisMapping</c> (which allows for the 379users will use PS/2 or IMPS/2) and <c>ZAxisMapping</c> (which allows for the
379mousewheel (if applicable) to be used). 380mousewheel (if applicable) to be used).
380</p> 381</p>
381 382
382<pre caption="Changing the mouse settings in Xorg"> 383<pre caption="Changing the mouse settings in Xorg">
383Section "InputDevice" 384Section "InputDevice"

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