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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
3<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/xorg-config.xml,v 1.26 2008/05/23 19:40:35 swift Exp $ --> 3<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/xorg-config.xml,v 1.27 2008/11/10 07:01:00 nightmorph Exp $ -->
4 4
5<guide link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml"> 5<guide link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml">
6<title>The X Server Configuration HOWTO</title> 6<title>The X Server Configuration HOWTO</title>
7 7
8<author title="Author"> 8<author title="Author">
9 <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail> 9 <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail>
10</author>
11<author title="Editor">
12 <mail link="nightmorph"/>
10</author> 13</author>
11 14
12<abstract> 15<abstract>
13Xorg is the X Window server which allows users to have a graphical 16Xorg is the X Window server which allows users to have a graphical
14environment at their fingertips. This HOWTO explains what Xorg is, how to 17environment at their fingertips. This HOWTO explains what Xorg is, how to
17 20
18<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 21<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
19<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 --> 22<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
20<license/> 23<license/>
21 24
22<version>1.17</version> 25<version>1.18</version>
23<date>2007-06-20</date> 26<date>2008-11-09</date>
24 27
25<chapter> 28<chapter>
26<title>What is the X Window Server?</title> 29<title>What is the X Window Server?</title>
27<section> 30<section>
28<title>Graphical vs Command-Line</title> 31<title>Graphical vs Command-Line</title>
104you intend to use and is usually based on the kind and brand of card you have. 107you intend to use and is usually based on the kind and brand of card you have.
105The most common settings are <c>nvidia</c> for Nvidia cards or <c>fglrx</c> for 108The most common settings are <c>nvidia</c> for Nvidia cards or <c>fglrx</c> for
106ATI Radeon cards. Those are the proprietary drivers from Nvidia and ATI 109ATI Radeon cards. Those are the proprietary drivers from Nvidia and ATI
107respectively. If you would like to use the open source versions, use <c>nv</c> 110respectively. If you would like to use the open source versions, use <c>nv</c>
108rather than <c>nvidia</c> in the variable, but bear in mind that using this 111rather than <c>nvidia</c> in the variable, but bear in mind that using this
109driver means no 3d acceleration at all. The free <c>radeon</c> driver for ATI 112driver means no 3D acceleration at all. The free <c>radeon</c> and
110cards supports full 3D acceleration on older Radeons but doesn't work at all 113<c>radeonhd</c> drivers for ATI cards support 3D acceleration on older Radeons
111with the newer ones. <c>VIDEO_CARDS</c> may contain more than one driver, in 114but don't yet support all the features of the newer ones. <c>VIDEO_CARDS</c> may
112this case list of them should be separated with spaces. 115contain more than one driver, in this case list of them should be separated with
116spaces.
113</p> 117</p>
114 118
115<p> 119<p>
116The second variable is <c>INPUT_DEVICES</c> and is used to determine which 120The second variable is <c>INPUT_DEVICES</c> and is used to determine which
117drivers are to be built for input devices. In most cases setting it to 121drivers are to be built for input devices. In most cases setting it to
118<c>keyboard mouse</c> should work just fine. 122<c>keyboard mouse</c> should work just fine. If you use alternative input
123devices, such as a Synaptics touchpad for a laptop, be sure to add it to
124<c>INPUT_DEVICES</c>.
119</p> 125</p>
120 126
121<p> 127<p>
122Now you should decide which drivers you will use and add necessary settings to 128Now you should decide which drivers you will use and add necessary settings to
123the <path>/etc/make.conf</path> file: 129the <path>/etc/make.conf</path> file:
131<comment>(OR, for ATI Radeon cards)</comment> 137<comment>(OR, for ATI Radeon cards)</comment>
132VIDEO_CARDS="fglrx" 138VIDEO_CARDS="fglrx"
133</pre> 139</pre>
134 140
135<p> 141<p>
136More instructions on how to configure Nvidia and ATI cards can be found in 142More instructions on how to configure nVidia and ATI cards can be found in
137<uri link="/doc/en/nvidia-guide.xml">Gentoo Linux nVidia Guide</uri> and in 143<uri link="/doc/en/nvidia-guide.xml">Gentoo Linux nVidia Guide</uri> and in
138<uri link="/doc/en/ati-faq.xml">Gentoo Linux ATI FAQ</uri>. If you don't know 144<uri link="/doc/en/ati-faq.xml">Gentoo Linux ATI FAQ</uri>. If you don't know
139which drivers you should choose, refer to these guides for more information. 145which drivers you should choose, refer to these guides for more information.
140</p> 146</p>
141 147
479<section> 485<section>
480<title>Creating and Tweaking xorg.conf</title> 486<title>Creating and Tweaking xorg.conf</title>
481<body> 487<body>
482 488
483<p> 489<p>
484First of all, <c>man 5 xorg.conf</c> provides a quick yet complete reference 490First of all, <c>man xorg.conf</c> provides a quick yet complete reference
485about the syntaxis used by the configuration file. Be sure to have it open on a 491about the syntax used by the configuration file. Be sure to have it open on a
486terminal near you when you edit your configuration file! 492terminal near you when you edit your configuration file!
487</p> 493</p>
488 494
489<p> 495<p>
490A second point of resources on your system is the 496Also, be sure to look at <path>/etc/X11/xorg.conf.example</path>; you may wish
491<path>/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/doc</path> directory with various <path>README</path>s 497to copy this and use it as a foundation for writing your own
492for individual graphical chipsets. 498<path>xorg.conf</path>.
499</p>
500
501<p>
502You may find the X.org <uri link="http://www.x.org/wiki/FAQ">FAQ</uri> provided
503on their website, in addition to their other documentation.
493</p> 504</p>
494 505
495<p> 506<p>
496There are also many online resources on editing <path>xorg.conf</path>. We only 507There are also many online resources on editing <path>xorg.conf</path>. We only
497list few of them here, be sure to <uri link="http://www.google.com">Google</uri> 508list few of them here, be sure to <uri link="http://www.google.com">Google</uri>
518<section> 529<section>
519<title>Other resources</title> 530<title>Other resources</title>
520<body> 531<body>
521 532
522<p> 533<p>
523If you want to update your system from the old monolithic Xorg to the newer, 534More information about installing and configuring various graphical desktop
524modular Xorg 7, you should refer to the <uri 535environments and applications can be found in the <uri
525link="/proj/en/desktop/x/x11/modular-x-howto.xml">Migrating to Modular X 536link="/doc/en/?catid=desktop">Gentoo Desktop Documentation Resources</uri>
526HOWTO</uri>. 537section of our documentation.
527</p>
528
529<p>
530More information about configuring different packages to work in X environment
531can be found in the <uri link="/doc/en/?catid=desktop">Gentoo Desktop
532Documentation Resources</uri> section of our documentation.
533</p> 538</p>
534 539
535</body> 540</body>
536</section> 541</section>
537</chapter> 542</chapter>

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