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12 <title>GLEP 16 -- Gentoo Menu System</title>
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19 <a href="http://www.gentoo.org/" title="Gentoo Linux Home Page">
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23 [<b><a href="http://www.gentoo.org/">Gentoo Linux Home</a></b>]
24 [<b><a href="http://www.gentoo.org/proj/en/glep">GLEP Index</a></b>]
25 [<b><a href="http://www.gentoo.org/proj/en/glep/glep-0016.txt">GLEP Source</a></b>]
26 </td></tr></table>
27 <div class="document">
28 <table class="rfc2822 field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
29 <col class="field-name" />
30 <col class="field-body" />
31 <tbody valign="top">
32 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">GLEP:</th><td class="field-body">16</td>
33 </tr>
34 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Title:</th><td class="field-body">Gentoo Menu System</td>
35 </tr>
36 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Version:</th><td class="field-body">1.2</td>
37 </tr>
38 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Last-Modified:</th><td class="field-body"><a class="reference" href="http://www.gentoo.org/cgi-bin/viewcvs.cgi/xml/htdocs/proj/en/glep/glep-0016.txt?cvsroot=gentoo">2003/12/11 21:19:31</a></td>
39 </tr>
40 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Author:</th><td class="field-body">Heinrich Wendel &lt;lanius&#32;&#97;t&#32;gentoo.org&gt;,</td>
41 </tr>
42 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Status:</th><td class="field-body">Draft</td>
43 </tr>
44 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Type:</th><td class="field-body">Standards Track</td>
45 </tr>
46 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Content-Type:</th><td class="field-body"><a class="reference" href="glep-0002.html">text/x-rst</a></td>
47 </tr>
48 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Created:</th><td class="field-body">09-Sep-2003</td>
49 </tr>
50 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Post-History:</th><td class="field-body">04-Oct-2003, 11-Oct-2003</td>
51 </tr>
52 </tbody>
53 </table>
54 <hr />
55 <div class="contents topic" id="contents">
56 <p class="topic-title"><a name="contents">Contents</a></p>
57 <ul class="simple">
58 <li><a class="reference" href="#definitions" id="id28" name="id28">Definitions</a></li>
59 <li><a class="reference" href="#abstract" id="id29" name="id29">Abstract</a></li>
60 <li><a class="reference" href="#motivation" id="id30" name="id30">Motivation</a></li>
61 <li><a class="reference" href="#rationale" id="id31" name="id31">Rationale</a></li>
62 <li><a class="reference" href="#specification" id="id32" name="id32">Specification</a></li>
63 <li><a class="reference" href="#credits" id="id33" name="id33">Credits</a></li>
64 <li><a class="reference" href="#references" id="id34" name="id34">References</a></li>
65 <li><a class="reference" href="#copyright" id="id35" name="id35">Copyright</a></li>
66 </ul>
67 </div>
68 <div class="section" id="definitions">
69 <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id28" name="definitions">Definitions</a></h1>
70 <blockquote>
71 <dl>
72 <dt><em>APP</em></dt>
73 <dd>A graphical application that should be listed in the menus.</dd>
74 <dt><em>WM</em></dt>
75 <dd>A program containing a menu manager (i.e. a program that can display a menu, e.g. a windowmanager).</dd>
76 </dl>
77 </blockquote>
78 </div>
79 <div class="section" id="abstract">
80 <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id29" name="abstract">Abstract</a></h1>
81 <p>This GLEP handles a proposal for the following two goals:</p>
82 <ul class="simple">
83 <li>Create a common menu layout, which would be independent of the WM.
84 This point is quite important for those people who use more than one WM.</li>
85 <li>Provide a common way to add applications to the menus.</li>
86 </ul>
87 </div>
88 <div class="section" id="motivation">
89 <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id30" name="motivation">Motivation</a></h1>
90 <p>GNOME, KDE, Fluxbox, to name only a few, have all their own ways of handling
91 menus. There have been several requests <a class="footnote-reference" href="#id15" id="id1" name="id1">[1]</a> <a class="footnote-reference" href="#id16" id="id2" name="id2">[2]</a> <a class="footnote-reference" href="#id17" id="id3" name="id3">[3]</a> <a class="footnote-reference" href="#id18" id="id4" name="id4">[4]</a> <a class="footnote-reference" href="#id19" id="id5" name="id5">[5]</a> <a class="footnote-reference" href="#id20" id="id6" name="id6">[6]</a> from
92 users to streamline these menus. Furthermore there are several bug reports
93 about applications not having a menu entry <a class="footnote-reference" href="#id21" id="id7" name="id7">[7]</a>, but since there is not
94 standard way to create such an entry, they are just sitting around in
95 bugzilla.</p>
96 </div>
97 <div class="section" id="rationale">
98 <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id31" name="rationale">Rationale</a></h1>
99 <p>The idea of a common menu system is not new to the Linux world, every big
100 distribution (Debian, Mandrake, RedHat, Suse) has such a system. The big DE's,
101 KDE and GNOME, with the help of freedesktop.org <a class="footnote-reference" href="#id22" id="id8" name="id8">[8]</a>, are also trying to
102 implement one standard. That will most likely happen in GNOME 2.6 and KDE 3.2
103 (Currently they are only implementing different versions of the
104 desktop-entry-spec, but interpreting it in an incompatible way). But there
105 are still many other WM's that currently don't support these specs. So we are
106 trying to base our work on the specifications GNOME and KDE are going to use.
107 (These are no official standards but evolving specifications). This has the
108 following advantages:</p>
109 <ul class="simple">
110 <li>follow specified standards</li>
111 <li>i18n support</li>
112 <li>provide the necessary flexibility and modularity</li>
113 <li>integrate with small changes to our ebuildtree.</li>
114 <li>support for per system and per user menus</li>
115 </ul>
116 </div>
117 <div class="section" id="specification">
118 <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id32" name="specification">Specification</a></h1>
119 <p>We are trying to follow these specifications:</p>
120 <ul class="simple">
121 <li>Desktop Entry Specification <a class="footnote-reference" href="#id23" id="id9" name="id9">[9]</a></li>
122 <li>Menu Specification <a class="footnote-reference" href="#id24" id="id10" name="id10">[10]</a></li>
123 <li>Icon Theme Specification <a class="footnote-reference" href="#id25" id="id11" name="id11">[11]</a></li>
124 </ul>
125 <p>There are two libraries that offer an API to these specifications:</p>
126 <ul class="simple">
127 <li>PyXDG <a class="footnote-reference" href="#id26" id="id12" name="id12">[12]</a> (written in python)</li>
128 <li>Desktop File Utils <a class="footnote-reference" href="#id27" id="id13" name="id13">[13]</a> (written in C)</li>
129 </ul>
130 <p>Our goal is to patch the WM's with the help of these libraries to support the
131 specifications. APP's then only have to install a .desktop entry <a class="footnote-reference" href="#id23" id="id14" name="id14">[9]</a> and
132 optionally an icon and will be listened in all menus. This installation could
133 easily be done by two portage commands (domenu, doicon). Additionaly we
134 should provide a reference menu layout and icon theme and add a function to
135 repoman to validate .desktop files.</p>
136 </div>
137 <div class="section" id="credits">
138 <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id33" name="credits">Credits</a></h1>
139 <p>Based on suggestions from former discussions on the gentoo bugzilla,
140 mailinglists and forums.</p>
141 </div>
142 <div class="section" id="references">
143 <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id34" name="references">References</a></h1>
144 <table class="footnote" frame="void" id="id15" rules="none">
145 <colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
146 <tbody valign="top">
147 <tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id1" name="id15">[1]</a></td><td><a class="reference" href="http://bugs.gentoo.org/show_bug.cgi?id=5510">http://bugs.gentoo.org/show_bug.cgi?id=5510</a></td></tr>
148 </tbody>
149 </table>
150 <table class="footnote" frame="void" id="id16" rules="none">
151 <colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
152 <tbody valign="top">
153 <tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id2" name="id16">[2]</a></td><td><a class="reference" href="http://bugs.gentoo.org/show_bug.cgi?id=10429">http://bugs.gentoo.org/show_bug.cgi?id=10429</a></td></tr>
154 </tbody>
155 </table>
156 <table class="footnote" frame="void" id="id17" rules="none">
157 <colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
158 <tbody valign="top">
159 <tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id3" name="id17">[3]</a></td><td><a class="reference" href="http://bugs.gentoo.org/show_bug.cgi?id=4884">http://bugs.gentoo.org/show_bug.cgi?id=4884</a></td></tr>
160 </tbody>
161 </table>
162 <table class="footnote" frame="void" id="id18" rules="none">
163 <colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
164 <tbody valign="top">
165 <tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id4" name="id18">[4]</a></td><td><a class="reference" href="http://bugs.gentoo.org/show_bug.cgi?id=25797">http://bugs.gentoo.org/show_bug.cgi?id=25797</a></td></tr>
166 </tbody>
167 </table>
168 <table class="footnote" frame="void" id="id19" rules="none">
169 <colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
170 <tbody valign="top">
171 <tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id5" name="id19">[5]</a></td><td><a class="reference" href="http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic.php?t=66754">http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic.php?t=66754</a></td></tr>
172 </tbody>
173 </table>
174 <table class="footnote" frame="void" id="id20" rules="none">
175 <colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
176 <tbody valign="top">
177 <tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id6" name="id20">[6]</a></td><td><a class="reference" href="http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic.php?p=263106#263106">http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic.php?p=263106#263106</a></td></tr>
178 </tbody>
179 </table>
180 <table class="footnote" frame="void" id="id21" rules="none">
181 <colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
182 <tbody valign="top">
183 <tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id7" name="id21">[7]</a></td><td><a class="reference" href="http://bugs.gentoo.org/show_bug.cgi?id=25756">http://bugs.gentoo.org/show_bug.cgi?id=25756</a></td></tr>
184 </tbody>
185 </table>
186 <table class="footnote" frame="void" id="id22" rules="none">
187 <colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
188 <tbody valign="top">
189 <tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id8" name="id22">[8]</a></td><td><a class="reference" href="http://www.freedesktop.org">http://www.freedesktop.org</a></td></tr>
190 </tbody>
191 </table>
192 <table class="footnote" frame="void" id="id23" rules="none">
193 <colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
194 <tbody valign="top">
195 <tr><td class="label"><a name="id23">[9]</a></td><td><em>(<a class="fn-backref" href="#id9">1</a>, <a class="fn-backref" href="#id14">2</a>)</em> Desktop Entry Specification
196 [<a class="reference" href="http://www.freedesktop.org/standards/desktop-entry-spec/0.9.4/">http://www.freedesktop.org/standards/desktop-entry-spec/0.9.4/</a>]</td></tr>
197 </tbody>
198 </table>
199 <table class="footnote" frame="void" id="id24" rules="none">
200 <colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
201 <tbody valign="top">
202 <tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id10" name="id24">[10]</a></td><td>Menu Specification
203 [<a class="reference" href="http://www.freedesktop.org/standards/menu-spec/0.8/">http://www.freedesktop.org/standards/menu-spec/0.8/</a>]</td></tr>
204 </tbody>
205 </table>
206 <table class="footnote" frame="void" id="id25" rules="none">
207 <colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
208 <tbody valign="top">
209 <tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id11" name="id25">[11]</a></td><td>Icon Theme Specification
210 [<a class="reference" href="http://www.freedesktop.org/standards/icon-theme-spec/0.7/">http://www.freedesktop.org/standards/icon-theme-spec/0.7/</a>]</td></tr>
211 </tbody>
212 </table>
213 <table class="footnote" frame="void" id="id26" rules="none">
214 <colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
215 <tbody valign="top">
216 <tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id12" name="id26">[12]</a></td><td>PyXDG
217 [<a class="reference" href="http://www.freedesktop.org/software/pyxg">http://www.freedesktop.org/software/pyxg</a>]</td></tr>
218 </tbody>
219 </table>
220 <table class="footnote" frame="void" id="id27" rules="none">
221 <colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
222 <tbody valign="top">
223 <tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id13" name="id27">[13]</a></td><td>Desktop File Utils
224 [<a class="reference" href="http://www.freedesktop.org/software/desktop-file-utils">http://www.freedesktop.org/software/desktop-file-utils</a>]</td></tr>
225 </tbody>
226 </table>
227 </div>
228 <div class="section" id="copyright">
229 <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id35" name="copyright">Copyright</a></h1>
230 <p>This document has been placed in the public domain.</p>
231 </div>
232 </div>
233
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