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32</tr> 275</tr>
33<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Title:</th><td class="field-body">Critical News Reporting</td> 276<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Title:</th><td class="field-body">Critical News Reporting</td>
34</tr> 277</tr>
35<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Version:</th><td class="field-body">$Revision: 1.4 $</td> 278<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Version:</th><td class="field-body">1.11</td>
36</tr> 279</tr>
37<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Author:</th><td class="field-body">Ciaran McCreesh &lt;ciaranm&#32;&#97;t&#32;gentoo.org&gt;</td> 280<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Author:</th><td class="field-body">Ciaran McCreesh &lt;ciaranm&#32;&#97;t&#32;gentoo.org&gt;,
281Stephen Bennett &lt;spb&#32;&#97;t&#32;gentoo.org&gt;,
282Zach Medico &lt;zmedico&#32;&#97;t&#32;gentoo.org&gt;</td>
38</tr> 283</tr>
39<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Last-Modified:</th><td class="field-body"><a class="reference" href="http://www.gentoo.org/cgi-bin/viewcvs/xml/htdocs/proj/en/glep/glep-0042.txt?cvsroot=gentoo">$Date: 2005/12/11 01:38:18 $</a></td> 284<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Last-Modified:</th><td class="field-body"><a class="reference" href="http://www.gentoo.org/cgi-bin/viewcvs.cgi/xml/htdocs/proj/en/glep/glep-0042.txt?cvsroot=gentoo">2006/09/05 20:33:04</a></td>
40</tr> 285</tr>
41<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Status:</th><td class="field-body">Draft</td> 286<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Status:</th><td class="field-body">Draft</td>
42</tr> 287</tr>
43<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Type:</th><td class="field-body">Standards Track</td> 288<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Type:</th><td class="field-body">Standards Track</td>
44</tr> 289</tr>
45<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Content-Type:</th><td class="field-body"><a class="reference" href="http://www.python.org/peps/glep-0012.html">text/x-rst</a></td> 290<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Content-Type:</th><td class="field-body"><a class="reference" href="glep-0002.html">text/x-rst</a></td>
46</tr> 291</tr>
47<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Created:</th><td class="field-body">31-Oct-2005</td> 292<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Created:</th><td class="field-body">31-Oct-2005</td>
48</tr> 293</tr>
49<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Post-History:</th><td class="field-body">1-Nov-2005, 5-Nov-2005, 7-Nov-2005, 11-Dec-2005</td> 294<tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Post-History:</th><td class="field-body">1-Nov-2005, 5-Nov-2005, 7-Nov-2005, 11-Dec-2005, 13-Dec-2005, 18-Dec-2005, 5-Jan-2006, 2-Mar-2006, 6-Mar-2006, 12-Jun-2006, 5-Sep-2006</td>
50</tr> 295</tr>
51</tbody> 296</tbody>
52</table> 297</table>
53<hr /> 298<hr />
54<div class="contents topic" id="contents"> 299<div class="contents topic">
55<p class="topic-title first"><a name="contents">Contents</a></p> 300<p class="topic-title first"><a id="contents" name="contents">Contents</a></p>
56<ul class="simple"> 301<ul class="simple">
57<li><a class="reference" href="#abstract" id="id20" name="id20">Abstract</a></li> 302<li><a class="reference" href="#abstract" id="id22" name="id22">Abstract</a></li>
58<li><a class="reference" href="#motivation" id="id21" name="id21">Motivation</a></li> 303<li><a class="reference" href="#motivation" id="id23" name="id23">Motivation</a></li>
59<li><a class="reference" href="#requirements" id="id22" name="id22">Requirements</a></li> 304<li><a class="reference" href="#requirements" id="id24" name="id24">Requirements</a></li>
60<li><a class="reference" href="#specification" id="id23" name="id23">Specification</a><ul> 305<li><a class="reference" href="#specification" id="id25" name="id25">Specification</a><ul>
61<li><a class="reference" href="#overview" id="id24" name="id24">Overview</a></li> 306<li><a class="reference" href="#overview" id="id26" name="id26">Overview</a></li>
307<li><a class="reference" href="#required-portage-enhancements" id="id27" name="id27">Required Portage Enhancements</a></li>
62<li><a class="reference" href="#news-item-identities" id="id25" name="id25">News Item Identities</a></li> 308<li><a class="reference" href="#news-item-identities" id="id28" name="id28">News Item Identities</a></li>
63<li><a class="reference" href="#news-item-directories" id="id26" name="id26">News Item Directories</a></li> 309<li><a class="reference" href="#news-item-directories" id="id29" name="id29">News Item Directories</a></li>
64<li><a class="reference" href="#news-item-files" id="id27" name="id27">News Item Files</a><ul> 310<li><a class="reference" href="#news-item-files" id="id30" name="id30">News Item Files</a><ul>
65<li><a class="reference" href="#news-item-headers" id="id28" name="id28">News Item Headers</a></li> 311<li><a class="reference" href="#news-item-headers" id="id31" name="id31">News Item Headers</a></li>
66<li><a class="reference" href="#news-item-body" id="id29" name="id29">News Item Body</a></li> 312<li><a class="reference" href="#news-item-body" id="id32" name="id32">News Item Body</a></li>
67<li><a class="reference" href="#example-news-item" id="id30" name="id30">Example News Item</a></li> 313<li><a class="reference" href="#example-news-item" id="id33" name="id33">Example News Item</a></li>
68</ul> 314</ul>
69</li> 315</li>
70<li><a class="reference" href="#news-item-quality-control" id="id31" name="id31">News Item Quality Control</a></li> 316<li><a class="reference" href="#news-item-quality-control" id="id34" name="id34">News Item Quality Control</a></li>
71<li><a class="reference" href="#news-item-distribution" id="id32" name="id32">News Item Distribution</a><ul> 317<li><a class="reference" href="#news-item-distribution" id="id35" name="id35">News Item Distribution</a><ul>
72<li><a class="reference" href="#server-side" id="id33" name="id33">Server Side</a></li> 318<li><a class="reference" href="#server-side" id="id36" name="id36">Server Side</a></li>
73<li><a class="reference" href="#client-side" id="id34" name="id34">Client Side</a></li> 319<li><a class="reference" href="#client-side" id="id37" name="id37">Client Side</a></li>
74</ul> 320</ul>
75</li> 321</li>
76<li><a class="reference" href="#news-item-clients" id="id35" name="id35">News Item Clients</a></li> 322<li><a class="reference" href="#news-item-clients" id="id38" name="id38">News Item Clients</a></li>
77<li><a class="reference" href="#news-item-removal" id="id36" name="id36">News Item Removal</a></li> 323<li><a class="reference" href="#news-item-removal" id="id39" name="id39">News Item Removal</a></li>
78</ul> 324</ul>
79</li> 325</li>
80<li><a class="reference" href="#integration-with-existing-systems" id="id37" name="id37">Integration with Existing Systems</a></li> 326<li><a class="reference" href="#integration-with-existing-systems" id="id40" name="id40">Integration with Existing Systems</a></li>
81<li><a class="reference" href="#backwards-compatibility" id="id38" name="id38">Backwards Compatibility</a></li> 327<li><a class="reference" href="#backwards-compatibility" id="id41" name="id41">Backwards Compatibility</a></li>
82<li><a class="reference" href="#reference-implementation" id="id39" name="id39">Reference Implementation</a><ul> 328<li><a class="reference" href="#reference-implementation" id="id42" name="id42">Reference Implementation</a></li>
83<li><a class="reference" href="#portage-code" id="id40" name="id40">Portage Code</a></li>
84<li><a class="reference" href="#simple-eselect-news-client" id="id41" name="id41">Simple <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">eselect</span></tt> News Client</a></li>
85<li><a class="reference" href="#simple-news-to-mail-forwarder" id="id42" name="id42">Simple News to Mail Forwarder</a></li>
86</ul>
87</li>
88<li><a class="reference" href="#credits" id="id43" name="id43">Credits</a></li> 329<li><a class="reference" href="#credits" id="id43" name="id43">Credits</a></li>
89<li><a class="reference" href="#example-files" id="id44" name="id44">Example Files</a></li> 330<li><a class="reference" href="#example-files" id="id44" name="id44">Example Files</a></li>
90<li><a class="reference" href="#references" id="id45" name="id45">References</a></li> 331<li><a class="reference" href="#references" id="id45" name="id45">References</a></li>
91<li><a class="reference" href="#copyright" id="id46" name="id46">Copyright</a></li> 332<li><a class="reference" href="#copyright" id="id46" name="id46">Copyright</a></li>
92</ul> 333</ul>
93</div> 334</div>
94<div class="section" id="abstract"> 335<div class="section">
95<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id20" name="abstract">Abstract</a></h1> 336<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id22" id="abstract" name="abstract">Abstract</a></h1>
96<p>This GLEP proposes a new way of informing users about important updates and news 337<p>This GLEP proposes a new way of informing users about important updates and news
97regarding tree-related items.</p> 338related to the tree.</p>
98</div> 339</div>
99<div class="section" id="motivation"> 340<div class="section">
100<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id21" name="motivation">Motivation</a></h1> 341<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id23" id="motivation" name="motivation">Motivation</a></h1>
101<p>Although most package updates are clean and require little user action, 342<p>Although most package updates are clean and require little user action,
102occasionally an upgrade requires user intervention during the upgrade process. 343occasionally an upgrade requires user intervention. Recent examples of the
103Recent examples of the latter include the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">gcc-3.4</span></tt> stabilisation on <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">x86</span></tt> 344latter include the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">gcc-3.4</span></tt> stabilisation on <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">x86</span></tt> and the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">mysql-4.1</span></tt>
104and the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">mysql-5</span></tt> database format changes.</p> 345database format changes.</p>
105<p>There are currently several ways of delivering important news items to our 346<p>There are currently several ways of delivering important news items to our
106users, none of them particularly effective:</p> 347users, none of them particularly effective:</p>
107<ul class="simple"> 348<ul class="simple">
108<li>Gentoo Weekly News</li> 349<li>Gentoo Weekly News</li>
109<li>The <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">gentoo-announce</span></tt>, <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">gentoo-user</span></tt> and <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">gentoo-dev</span></tt> mailing lists</li> 350<li>The <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">gentoo-announce</span></tt>, <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">gentoo-user</span></tt> and <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">gentoo-dev</span></tt> mailing lists</li>
110<li>The Gentoo Forums</li> 351<li>The Gentoo Forums</li>
111<li>The main Gentoo website</li> 352<li>The main Gentoo website</li>
112<li>RSS feeds of Gentoo news</li> 353<li>RSS feeds of Gentoo news</li>
354<li><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">einfo</span></tt> and <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">ewarn</span></tt> messages in <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">pkg_setup</span></tt> or <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">pkg_postinst</span></tt></li>
113</ul> 355</ul>
114<p>A more reliable way of getting news of critical updates out to users is required 356<p>A more reliable way of getting news of critical updates out to users is required
115to avoid repeats of the various recent upgrade debacles. This GLEP proposes a 357to avoid repeats of various prior upgrade debacles. This GLEP proposes a
116solution based around pushing news items out to the user via the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">rsync</span></tt> tree.</p> 358solution based around pushing news items out to the user via the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">rsync</span></tt> tree.</p>
117<div class="important"> 359<div class="important">
118<p class="first admonition-title">Important</p> 360<p class="first admonition-title">Important</p>
119<p class="last">This GLEP does not seek to replace or modify <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">einfo</span></tt> messages 361<p class="last">This GLEP does not seek to replace or modify <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">einfo</span></tt> messages
120which are displayed post-install. That is a separate issue which is handled 362which are displayed post-install. That is a separate issue which is handled
121by <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">elog</span></tt> <a class="footnote-reference" href="#bug-11359" id="id1" name="id1">[1]</a>.</p> 363by <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">elog</span></tt> <a class="footnote-reference" href="#bug-11359" id="id1" name="id1">[1]</a>.</p>
122</div> 364</div>
123</div> 365</div>
124<div class="section" id="requirements"> 366<div class="section">
125<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id22" name="requirements">Requirements</a></h1> 367<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id24" id="requirements" name="requirements">Requirements</a></h1>
126<p>An adequate solution must meet all of the following requirements:</p> 368<p>An adequate solution must meet all of the following requirements:</p>
127<dl class="docutils"> 369<dl class="docutils">
128<dt>Preemptive</dt> 370<dt>Preemptive</dt>
129<dd>Users should be told of changes <em>before</em> they break a system, not after the 371<dd>Users should be told of changes <em>before</em> they break a system, not after the
130damage has already been done. Ideally, the system administrator would be 372damage has already been done. Ideally, the system administrator would be
131given ample warning to plan difficult upgrades and changes, rather than only 373given ample warning to plan difficult upgrades and changes, rather than only
132being told just before action is necessary.</dd> 374being told just before action is necessary.</dd>
133<dt>No user subscription required</dt> 375<dt>No user subscription required</dt>
134<dd>It has already been demonstrated <a class="footnote-reference" href="#forums-apache2" id="id2" name="id2">[5]</a> that many users do not 376<dd>It has already been demonstrated <a class="footnote-reference" href="#forums-apache2" id="id2" name="id2">[5]</a> that many users do not
135read the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">gentoo-announce</span></tt> mailing list or <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">RSS</span></tt> feeds. A solution which 377read the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">gentoo-announce</span></tt> mailing list or <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">RSS</span></tt> feeds. A solution that
136requires subscription has no advantage over current methods.</dd> 378requires subscription has no advantage over current methods.</dd>
137<dt>No user monitoring required</dt> 379<dt>No user monitoring required</dt>
138<dd>It has already been demonstrated <a class="footnote-reference" href="#forums-apache2" id="id3" name="id3">[5]</a> that many users do not 380<dd>It has already been demonstrated <a class="footnote-reference" href="#forums-apache2" id="id3" name="id3">[5]</a> that many users do not
139read news items posted to the Gentoo website, or do not read news items 381read news items posted to the Gentoo website, or do not read news items
140until it is too late. A solution that relies upon active monitoring of a 382until it is too late. A solution that relies upon active monitoring of a
175sources (for example, Forums, GWN, the main Gentoo website) without 417sources (for example, Forums, GWN, the main Gentoo website) without
176excessive difficulty. Similarly, easy interoperation with any future news 418excessive difficulty. Similarly, easy interoperation with any future news
177sources should not be precluded.</dd> 419sources should not be precluded.</dd>
178</dl> 420</dl>
179</div> 421</div>
180<div class="section" id="specification"> 422<div class="section">
181<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id23" name="specification">Specification</a></h1> 423<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id25" id="specification" name="specification">Specification</a></h1>
182<div class="section" id="overview"> 424<div class="section">
183<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id24" name="overview">Overview</a></h2> 425<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id26" id="overview" name="overview">Overview</a></h2>
184<p>News items are published and delivered to users as follows:</p> 426<p>News items are published and delivered to users as follows:</p>
185<ol class="arabic simple"> 427<ol class="arabic simple">
186<li>A news item is written. The format to be used is described below.</li> 428<li>A news item is written. The format to be used is described below.</li>
187<li>The news item is reviewed, following the process described in 429<li>The news item is reviewed, following the process described in
188<a class="reference" href="#news-item-quality-control">News Item Quality Control</a>.</li> 430<a class="reference" href="#news-item-quality-control">News Item Quality Control</a>.</li>
189<li>The news item is committed to a CVS (or Subversion <a class="footnote-reference" href="#glep-36" id="id4" name="id4">[10]</a>) repository. 431<li>The news item is committed to a CVS (or Subversion <a class="footnote-reference" href="#glep-36" id="id4" name="id4">[9]</a>) repository.
190From here, it is merged with the rsync tree. This is described in <a class="reference" href="#news-item-distribution">News Item 432From here, it is merged with the rsync tree. This is described in <a class="reference" href="#news-item-distribution">News Item
191Distribution</a>.</li> 433Distribution</a>.</li>
192<li>Users fetch the news item when they sync. This ensures that the news items in 434<li>Users fetch the news item when they sync. This ensures that the news items in
193question are pushed to the user before the user accidentally makes an 435question are pushed to the user before the user accidentally makes an
194unwanted change. No changes to the existing rsync process are required by 436unwanted change. No changes to the existing rsync process are required by
198informing the user that there are unread news items.</li> 440informing the user that there are unread news items.</li>
199<li>The news item is handled by the user's choice of news item reader. See <a class="reference" href="#news-item-clients">News 441<li>The news item is handled by the user's choice of news item reader. See <a class="reference" href="#news-item-clients">News
200Item Clients</a>.</li> 442Item Clients</a>.</li>
201</ol> 443</ol>
202</div> 444</div>
203<div class="section" id="news-item-identities"> 445<div class="section">
446<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id27" id="required-portage-enhancements" name="required-portage-enhancements">Required Portage Enhancements</a></h2>
447<p>The following extensions to Portage are required:</p>
448<ul class="simple">
449<li>Every repository (including overlays) will require a unique identifier. It is
450assumed that an identifier will be a string consisting of characters from
451<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">a</span></tt> to <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">z</span></tt>, <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">A</span></tt> to <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Z</span></tt>, <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">0</span></tt> to <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">9</span></tt>, <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">+</span></tt> (plus), <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">-</span></tt> (hyphen)
452<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">_</span></tt> (underscore).</li>
453<li>Portage must provide a way for external programs to obtain a list of all
454repository identifiers for a given system. It is assumed that this will be in
455the form of a <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">portageq</span></tt> command (e.g. <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">portageq</span> <span class="pre">get_repo_ids</span></tt>).</li>
456<li>Portage must provide a way for external programs to obtain the base path for
457a repository with a given ID. It is assumed that this will be in the form of
458a <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">portageq</span></tt> command (e.g. <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">portageq</span> <span class="pre">get_repo_root</span> <span class="pre">gentoo-x86</span></tt>).</li>
459<li>Portage must extend <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">portageq</span> <span class="pre">has_version</span></tt> to support restrictions to a
460given repository ID.</li>
461<li>Portage must extend <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">portageq</span></tt> to implement a command which returns whether
462or not the profile used for a given repository ID is exactly the given profile
463(e.g. <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">portageq</span> <span class="pre">profile_used</span> <span class="pre">default-linux/sparc/sparc64/2004.3</span>
464<span class="pre">gentoo-x86</span></tt>).</li>
465</ul>
466<p>These extensions are assumed during the following specification.</p>
467</div>
468<div class="section">
204<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id25" name="news-item-identities">News Item Identities</a></h2> 469<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id28" id="news-item-identities" name="news-item-identities">News Item Identities</a></h2>
205<p>Each news item will have a unique identifier. This identifier will be in the 470<p>Each news item will have a unique identifier. This identifier will be in the
206form <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">yyyy-mm-dd-short-name</span></tt>, where <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">yyyy</span></tt> is the year (e.g. <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">2005</span></tt>), 471form <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">yyyy-mm-dd-short-name</span></tt>, where <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">yyyy</span></tt> is the year (e.g. <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">2005</span></tt>),
207<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">mm</span></tt> is the month (<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">01</span></tt> through <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">12</span></tt>) and dd is the day of the month 472<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">mm</span></tt> is the month (<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">01</span></tt> through <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">12</span></tt>) and dd is the day of the month
208(<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">01</span></tt> through <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">31</span></tt>). The <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">short-name</span></tt> is a very short name describing the 473(<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">01</span></tt> through <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">31</span></tt>). The <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">short-name</span></tt> is a very short name describing the
209news item (e.g. <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">yoursql-updates</span></tt>), consisting only of the characters <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">a-z</span></tt>, 474news item (e.g. <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">yoursql-updates</span></tt>), consisting only of the characters <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">a-z</span></tt>,
210<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">0-9</span></tt> and <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">-</span></tt> (hyphen).</p> 475<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">0-9</span></tt>, <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">+</span></tt> (plus), <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">-</span></tt> (hyphen) and <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">_</span></tt> (underscore).</p>
211</div> 476</div>
212<div class="section" id="news-item-directories"> 477<div class="section">
213<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id26" name="news-item-directories">News Item Directories</a></h2> 478<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id29" id="news-item-directories" name="news-item-directories">News Item Directories</a></h2>
214<p>Each news item will be represented by a directory whose name is the same as the 479<p>Each news item will be represented by a directory whose name is the same as the
215news item's identifier.</p> 480news item's identifier.</p>
216<p>The directory will contain a file named <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">yyyy-mm-dd-short-name.en.txt</span></tt>, which 481<p>The directory will contain a file named <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">yyyy-mm-dd-short-name.en.txt</span></tt>, which
217contains the text of the news item, in English, in the format described below.</p> 482contains the text of the news item, in English, in the format described below.</p>
218<p>If a news item is translated, other files named <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">yyyy-mm-dd-short-name.xx.txt</span></tt> 483<p>If a news item is translated, other files named <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">yyyy-mm-dd-short-name.xx.txt</span></tt>
219(where <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">xx</span></tt> is the ISO 639 <a class="footnote-reference" href="#iso-639" id="id5" name="id5">[11]</a> two letter country code) will also be 484(where <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">xx</span></tt> is the ISO 639 <a class="footnote-reference" href="#iso-639" id="id5" name="id5">[11]</a> two letter country code, and the date
220provided. However, only the English version of a news item is authoritative. 485remains the same as the original news item) will also be provided. However, only
486the English version of a news item is authoritative. This anglocentricity is
221This anglocentricity is justified by precedent <a class="footnote-reference" href="#glep-34" id="id6" name="id6">[9]</a>.</p> 487justified by precedent <a class="footnote-reference" href="#glep-34" id="id6" name="id6">[8]</a>.</p>
222</div> 488</div>
223<div class="section" id="news-item-files"> 489<div class="section">
224<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id27" name="news-item-files">News Item Files</a></h2> 490<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id30" id="news-item-files" name="news-item-files">News Item Files</a></h2>
225<p>A news item file is a text file, encoded using UTF-8 <a class="footnote-reference" href="#rfc-3629" id="id7" name="id7">[14]</a> for 491<p>A news item file is a text file, encoded using UTF-8 <a class="footnote-reference" href="#rfc-3629" id="id7" name="id7">[14]</a> for
226compatibility with and for the same reasons as existing Gentoo documentation 492compatibility with and for the same reasons as existing Gentoo documentation
227<a class="footnote-reference" href="#docs-policy" id="id8" name="id8">[2]</a> and the tree <a class="footnote-reference" href="#glep-31" id="id9" name="id9">[8]</a>.</p> 493<a class="footnote-reference" href="#docs-policy" id="id8" name="id8">[2]</a> and the tree <a class="footnote-reference" href="#glep-31" id="id9" name="id9">[7]</a>.</p>
228<p>News items should be signed with a detached GPG signature:</p> 494<p>News items must be signed with a detached GPG signature.:</p>
229<pre class="literal-block"> 495<pre class="literal-block">
230gpg --armour --detach-sign ????-??-??-*.??.txt 496gpg --armour --detach-sign ????-??-??-*.??.txt
231</pre> 497</pre>
498<p>This GLEP does not specify the type or strength of signature to be used, nor
499does it discuss how, if at all, a centralised keychain will be provided. These
500issues should be handled as part of the signing policy discussions.</p>
232<p>A news item file's content will consist of an <a class="reference" href="http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc822.html">RFC 822</a> style header <a class="footnote-reference" href="#rfc-822" id="id10" name="id10">[13]</a> 501<p>A news item file's content will consist of an <a class="reference" href="http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc822.html">RFC 822</a> style header <a class="footnote-reference" href="#rfc-822" id="id10" name="id10">[13]</a>
233followed by the main body of the message as plain text. This GLEP defines 502followed by the main body of the message as plain text. This GLEP defines
234various optional and mandatory headers. Future GLEPs may propose new headers — 503various optional and mandatory headers. Future GLEPs may propose new headers —
235tools handling these news items must ignore any unrecognised header.</p> 504tools handling these news items must ignore any unrecognised header.</p>
236<div class="section" id="news-item-headers"> 505<div class="section">
237<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id28" name="news-item-headers">News Item Headers</a></h3> 506<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id31" id="news-item-headers" name="news-item-headers">News Item Headers</a></h3>
238<p>The following headers describe the purpose and format of the news item:</p> 507<p>The following headers describe the purpose and format of the news item:</p>
239<dl class="docutils"> 508<dl class="docutils">
240<dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Title:</span></tt></dt> 509<dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Title:</span></tt></dt>
241<dd>A short (maximum 44 characters) descriptive title. Mandatory.</dd> 510<dd>A short (maximum 44 characters) descriptive title. Mandatory.</dd>
242<dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Author:</span></tt></dt> 511<dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Author:</span></tt></dt>
246<dd>For translated news items, the translator's name and email address. Multiple 515<dd>For translated news items, the translator's name and email address. Multiple
247translator headers may be specified if appropriate.</dd> 516translator headers may be specified if appropriate.</dd>
248<dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Content-Type:</span></tt></dt> 517<dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Content-Type:</span></tt></dt>
249<dd>Must be <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">text/plain</span></tt>. Mandatory.</dd> 518<dd>Must be <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">text/plain</span></tt>. Mandatory.</dd>
250<dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Posted:</span></tt></dt> 519<dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Posted:</span></tt></dt>
251<dd>Date of posting, in <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">dd-mmm-yyyy</span></tt> format (e.g. 14-Aug-2001) for 520<dd>Date of posting, in <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">yyyy-mm-dd</span></tt> format (e.g. 2005-12-18) for
252compatibility with GLEP 1 <a class="footnote-reference" href="#glep-1" id="id11" name="id11">[6]</a>. UTC time in <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">hh-mm-ss</span> <span class="pre">+0000</span></tt> format 521compatibility with GLEP 45 <a class="footnote-reference" href="#glep-45" id="id11" name="id11">[10]</a>. Translations should use the date
253may also be included. Mandatory.</dd> 522of the original news item. Mandatory.</dd>
254<dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Revision:</span></tt></dt> 523<dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Revision:</span></tt></dt>
255<dd>Initially 1. Incremented every time a non-trivial change is made. Changes 524<dd>Initially 1. Should be incremented every time a change is made to the news
256which require a re-read of the news item should instead use a new news item 525item. Changes that require a re-read of the news item (i.e., most changes
526that are not spelling or formatting related) should instead use a new news
257file. Mandatory.</dd> 527item. Mandatory.</dd>
258<dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">News-Item-Format:</span></tt></dt> 528<dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">News-Item-Format:</span></tt></dt>
259<dd>Must be <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">1.0</span></tt>. Future revisions to the format may increment the minor 529<dd>Must be <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">1.0</span></tt>. Future revisions to the format may increment the minor
260number for backwards-compatible changes, or the major number for major 530number for backwards-compatible changes, or the major number for major
261changes.</dd> 531changes.</dd>
262</dl> 532</dl>
263<p>The following headers are used for filtering:</p> 533<p>The following headers are used for filtering:</p>
264<dl class="docutils"> 534<dl class="docutils">
265<dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Display-If-Installed:</span></tt></dt> 535<dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Display-If-Installed:</span></tt></dt>
266<dd>A dependency atom or simple package name (for example, 536<dd>A dependency atom (for example, <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">&lt;dev-lang/php-5_alpha</span></tt> or
267<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">&lt;dev-lang/php-5_alpha</span></tt> or <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">net-www/apache</span></tt>). If the user has the 537<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">net-www/apache</span></tt>). If the user has the package specified installed from
268package specified installed, the news item should be displayed.</dd> 538the repository from which the news item was obtained, the news item should
539be displayed.</dd>
269<dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Display-If-Keyword:</span></tt></dt> 540<dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Display-If-Keyword:</span></tt></dt>
270<dd>A keyword <a class="footnote-reference" href="#glep-22" id="id12" name="id12">[7]</a> name, for example <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">mips</span></tt> or <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">x86-fbsd</span></tt>. If the 541<dd>A keyword <a class="footnote-reference" href="#glep-22" id="id12" name="id12">[6]</a> name, for example <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">mips</span></tt> or <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">x86-fbsd</span></tt>. If the
271user is on the keyword in question, the news item should be displayed.</dd> 542user is on the keyword in question, the news item should be displayed.</dd>
272<dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Display-If-Profile:</span></tt></dt> 543<dt><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Display-If-Profile:</span></tt></dt>
273<dd>A profile path, for example <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">default-linux/sparc/sparc64/server</span></tt>. Standard 544<dd>A profile path, for example <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">default-linux/sparc/sparc64/server</span></tt>. If the
274shell GLOB wildcards may be used. If the user is using the exact profile in 545user is using the exact profile in question, the news item should be
275question, the news item should be displayed. This header may be used to
276replace <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">deprecated</span></tt> files in the future.</dd> 546displayed. This header may be used to replace <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">deprecated</span></tt> files in the
547future.</dd>
277</dl> 548</dl>
278<div class="note"> 549<div class="note">
279<p class="first admonition-title">Note</p> 550<p class="first admonition-title">Note</p>
280<p class="last">When performing package moves, developers must also update any 551<p class="last">When performing package moves, developers must also update any
281relevant <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Display-If-Installed</span></tt> headers in news files.</p> 552relevant <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Display-If-Installed</span></tt> headers in news files.</p>
297simple to specify — it is believed that these kinds of condition are far more 568simple to specify — it is believed that these kinds of condition are far more
298likely to occur than &quot;display this news item for people using <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">YourSQL</span></tt>, or 569likely to occur than &quot;display this news item for people using <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">YourSQL</span></tt>, or
299for people on <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">sparc</span></tt> or <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">x86-obsd</span></tt>&quot; or &quot;display these news items for 570for people on <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">sparc</span></tt> or <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">x86-obsd</span></tt>&quot; or &quot;display these news items for
300people who use <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">YourSQL</span></tt> and who are on both <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">sparc</span></tt> and <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">x86-obsd</span></tt>&quot;.</p> 571people who use <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">YourSQL</span></tt> and who are on both <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">sparc</span></tt> and <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">x86-obsd</span></tt>&quot;.</p>
301</div> 572</div>
302<div class="section" id="news-item-body"> 573<div class="section">
303<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id29" name="news-item-body">News Item Body</a></h3> 574<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id32" id="news-item-body" name="news-item-body">News Item Body</a></h3>
304<p>The header section must be followed by a blank line, then the main body of the 575<p>The header section must be followed by a blank line, then the main body of the
305text.</p> 576text.</p>
306<p>The text body should be wrapped at 72 characters. No fancy formatting or tab 577<p>The text body should be wrapped at 72 characters. No fancy formatting or tab
307characters should be used — the news item may be being displayed directly to a 578characters should be used — the news item may be being displayed directly to a
308terminal. Paragraphs should be separated by a blank line.</p> 579terminal. Paragraphs should be separated by a blank line.</p>
309<p>Hyperlinks may be used to refer to further information (for example, an upgrade 580<p>Hyperlinks may be used to refer to further information (for example, an upgrade
310guide). However, the main body of the news item should be descriptive and not 581guide). However, the main body of the news item should be descriptive and not
311simply a &quot;read this link&quot; text. It is assumed that the user will have access to 582simply a &quot;read this link&quot; text. It is assumed that the user will have access to
312a web browser <em>somewhere</em>, but not necessarily on the box which is being 583a web browser <em>somewhere</em>, but not necessarily on the box which is being
313administrated — this will be the case on may servers and routers, for example.</p> 584administrated — this will be the case on many servers and routers, for example.</p>
314</div> 585</div>
315<div class="section" id="example-news-item"> 586<div class="section">
316<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id30" name="example-news-item">Example News Item</a></h3> 587<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id33" id="example-news-item" name="example-news-item">Example News Item</a></h3>
317<p><a class="reference" href="glep-0042-extras/example-news-item.txt">This hypothetical news item</a> <a class="footnote-reference" href="#id18" id="id19" name="id19">[16]</a> could be used for an upgrade to the 588<p><a class="reference" href="glep-0042-extras/example-news-item.txt">This hypothetical news item</a> <a class="footnote-reference" href="#id20" id="id21" name="id21">[18]</a> could be used for an upgrade to the
318<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">YourSQL</span></tt> database format which breaks forward compatibility.</p> 589<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">YourSQL</span></tt> database format which breaks forward compatibility.</p>
319</div> 590</div>
320</div> 591</div>
321<div class="section" id="news-item-quality-control"> 592<div class="section">
322<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id31" name="news-item-quality-control">News Item Quality Control</a></h2> 593<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id34" id="news-item-quality-control" name="news-item-quality-control">News Item Quality Control</a></h2>
323<p>There have been complaints regarding the comprehensibility of some upgrade 594<p>There have been complaints regarding the comprehensibility of some upgrade
324notices and news items in the past. This is understandable — not every Gentoo 595notices and news items in the past. This is understandable — not every Gentoo
325developer speaks English as a first language. However, for the sake of clarity, 596developer speaks English as a first language. However, for the sake of clarity,
326professionalism and avoiding making us look like prats, it is important that any 597professionalism and avoiding making us look like prats, it is important that any
327language problems be corrected before inflicting a news item upon end users.</p> 598language problems be corrected before inflicting a news item upon end users.</p>
328<p>Thus, at least 72 hours before a proposed news item is committed, it must be 599<p>Thus, at least 72 hours before a proposed news item is committed, it must be
329posted to the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">gentoo-dev</span></tt> mailing list and <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Cc:</span></tt>ed to <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">pr&#64;gentoo.org</span></tt> 600posted to the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">gentoo-dev</span></tt> mailing list and <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">Cc:</span></tt>ed to <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">pr&#64;gentoo.org</span></tt>
330(exceptions may be made in exceptional circumstances). Any complaints — for 601(exceptions may be made in exceptional circumstances). Any complaints — for
331example regarding wording, clarity or accuracy — <strong>must</strong> be addressed before 602example regarding wording, clarity or accuracy — <strong>must</strong> be addressed before
332the news item goes live.</p> 603the news item goes live.</p>
333<div class="note">
334<p class="first admonition-title">Note</p>
335<p class="last">A previous draft of this GLEP allowed news items to be sent to
336<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">gentoo-core</span></tt> instead of <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">gentoo-dev</span></tt>. It is possible that a situation
337may arise where this will be necessary (for example, a security update which
338must break backwards compatibility and which cannot be revealed to the public
339before a given date).</p>
340</div>
341<p>News items must only be for <strong>important</strong> changes that may cause serious upgrade 604<p>News items must only be for <strong>important</strong> changes that may cause serious upgrade
342or compatibility problems. Ordinary upgrade messages and non-critical news items 605or compatibility problems. Ordinary upgrade messages and non-critical news items
343should remain in <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">einfo</span></tt> notices. The importance of the message to its 606should remain in <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">einfo</span></tt> notices. The importance of the message to its
344intended audience should be justified with the proposal.</p> 607intended audience should be justified with the proposal.</p>
345<div class="important"> 608<div class="important">
348news items which are aimed at users of an uncommon package or architecture. 611news items which are aimed at users of an uncommon package or architecture.
349Thus, the justification should be in the form &quot;this message is important to 612Thus, the justification should be in the form &quot;this message is important to
350YourSQL users because ...&quot;, not &quot;YourSQL is important because ...&quot;.</p> 613YourSQL users because ...&quot;, not &quot;YourSQL is important because ...&quot;.</p>
351</div> 614</div>
352</div> 615</div>
353<div class="section" id="news-item-distribution"> 616<div class="section">
354<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id32" name="news-item-distribution">News Item Distribution</a></h2> 617<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id35" id="news-item-distribution" name="news-item-distribution">News Item Distribution</a></h2>
355<div class="section" id="server-side"> 618<div class="section">
356<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id33" name="server-side">Server Side</a></h3> 619<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id36" id="server-side" name="server-side">Server Side</a></h3>
357<p>News items are to be made available via the standard rsync tree. This removes 620<p>News items are to be made available via the standard rsync tree. This removes
358any need for polling of a remote source.</p> 621any need for polling of a remote source.</p>
359<p>A new repository will be created for news items. The type (CVS or Subversion), 622<p>A new repository will be created for news items. The type (CVS or Subversion),
360location and access controls on this repository are beyond the scope of this 623location and access controls on this repository are beyond the scope of this
361GLEP.</p> 624GLEP.</p>
368<p>This repository will contain directories named <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">yyyy/mm/</span></tt>, where <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">yyyy</span></tt> is 631<p>This repository will contain directories named <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">yyyy/mm/</span></tt>, where <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">yyyy</span></tt> is
369the current year and <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">mm</span></tt> is the current month number (01 for January through 632the current year and <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">mm</span></tt> is the current month number (01 for January through
37012 for December). This separation will help keep news items more manageable.</p> 63312 for December). This separation will help keep news items more manageable.</p>
371<p>The contents of this repository will automatically be merged with the main rsync 634<p>The contents of this repository will automatically be merged with the main rsync
372tree, placing the items in a <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">metadata/news/</span></tt> directory. The method used for 635tree, placing the items in a <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">metadata/news/</span></tt> directory. The method used for
373merging these items is beyond the scope of this GLEP — a similar setup is 636merging these items and the frequency at which it will occur is beyond the scope
374already used for merging GLSAs into the rsync tree.</p> 637of this GLEP; a similar setup is already used for merging GLSAs into the rsync
638tree.</p>
375<p>The main rsync tree will <strong>not</strong> use the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">yyyy/mm/</span></tt> subdirectory layout.</p> 639<p>The main rsync tree will <strong>not</strong> use the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">yyyy/mm/</span></tt> subdirectory layout. The
640news item directories will all be immediately under the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">metadata/news/</span></tt>
641directory.</p>
376</div> 642</div>
377<div class="section" id="client-side"> 643<div class="section">
378<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id34" name="client-side">Client Side</a></h3> 644<h3><a class="toc-backref" href="#id37" id="client-side" name="client-side">Client Side</a></h3>
379<p>Whenever relevant unread news items are found, the package manager will create a 645<p>Whenever relevant unread news items are found, the package manager will create a
380file named <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">/var/lib/portage/news/news.unread</span></tt> (if it does not already exist) 646file named <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">/var/lib/gentoo/news/news-${repoid}.unread</span></tt> (if it does not
647already exist) and append the news item identifier (eg
381and append the news item identifier (eg <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">2005-11-01-yoursql-updates</span></tt>) on a new 648<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">2005-11-01-yoursql-updates</span></tt>) on a new line.</p>
382line.</p> 649<p>All news item related files should be root owned and in the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">portage</span></tt> group
383<div class="note"> 650with the group write (and, for directories, execute) bits set. News files should
384<p class="first admonition-title">Note</p> 651be world readable.</p>
385<p class="last">Future changes to Portage involving support for multiple repositories
386may require one news list per repository. Assuming repositories have some
387kind of unique identifier, this file could be named <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">news-repoid.unread</span></tt>.</p>
388</div>
389<p>Notification that new relevant news items will be displayed via the 652<p>Notification that new relevant news items will be displayed via the
390<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">emerge</span></tt> tool in a similar way to the existing &quot;configuration files need 653<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">emerge</span></tt> tool in a similar way to the existing &quot;configuration files need
391updating&quot; messages:</p> 654updating&quot; messages:</p>
392<pre class="literal-block"> 655<pre class="literal-block">
393* Important: there are 5 unread news items. 656* Important: there are 5 unread news items.
397<ul class="simple"> 660<ul class="simple">
398<li>After an <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">emerge</span> <span class="pre">sync</span></tt></li> 661<li>After an <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">emerge</span> <span class="pre">sync</span></tt></li>
399<li>After an <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">emerge</span> <span class="pre">--pretend</span></tt></li> 662<li>After an <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">emerge</span> <span class="pre">--pretend</span></tt></li>
400<li>Before an <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">emerge</span> <span class="pre">&lt;target&gt;</span></tt> (which may also include a red warning message)</li> 663<li>Before an <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">emerge</span> <span class="pre">&lt;target&gt;</span></tt> (which may also include a red warning message)</li>
401</ul> 664</ul>
665<p>The package manager does not need to know how to launch the user's choice of
666news client. This is consistent with the way configuration file updates are
667handled.</p>
402<p>The package manager may use a timestamp check file to avoid having to process 668<p>The package manager may use a timestamp check file to avoid having to process
403news items unnecessarily.</p> 669news items unnecessarily.</p>
404<p>The package manager must keep track of news items that have already been added 670<p>The package manager must keep track of news items that have already been added
405to the unread list to avoid repeatedly marking a deleted news item. This could 671to the unread list to avoid repeatedly marking a deleted news item. This could
406be handled via a <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">news.skip</span></tt> file, but implementation is not specified by this 672be handled via a <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">news-${repoid}.skip</span></tt> file containing the IDs of news items
407GLEP.</p> 673that have already been added to a <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">news-${repoid}.unread</span></tt> file, but this
674method is not required by this GLEP.</p>
408<p>Users who really don't care about news items can use <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">rsync_excludes</span></tt> to 675<p>Users who really don't care about news items can use <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">rsync_excludes</span></tt> to
409filter out the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">metadata/news/</span></tt> directory.</p> 676filter out the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">metadata/news/</span></tt> directory.</p>
410</div> 677</div>
411</div> 678</div>
412<div class="section" id="news-item-clients"> 679<div class="section">
413<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id35" name="news-item-clients">News Item Clients</a></h2> 680<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id38" id="news-item-clients" name="news-item-clients">News Item Clients</a></h2>
414<p>Once a news item is marked for reading, third party tools (or traditional core 681<p>Once a news item is marked for reading, third party tools (or traditional core
415Unix tools) can be used to display and view the news files.</p> 682Unix tools) can be used to display and view the news files.</p>
416<p>When a news item is read, its name should be removed from the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">news.unread</span></tt> 683<p>When a news item is read, its name should be removed from the
417file. News clients may add the name to a <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">news.read</span></tt> file in the same 684<tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">news-${repoid}.unread</span></tt> file. If a news client acts as an interactive reader
685rather than a gateway, it should then add the name to a <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">news-${repoid}.read</span></tt>
418directory with the same file format.</p> 686file in the same directory with the same file format.</p>
419<p>An <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">eselect</span></tt> <a class="footnote-reference" href="#eselect" id="id15" name="id15">[3]</a> module shall be created as the 'suggested' display 687<p>An <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">eselect</span></tt> <a class="footnote-reference" href="#eselect" id="id15" name="id15">[3]</a> module shall be created as the 'suggested' display
420tool; other display tools (for example, a news to email forwarder, which would 688tool; other display tools (for example, a news to email forwarder, which would
421be ideal for users who sync on a <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">cron</span></tt>) are left as options for those who 689be ideal for users who sync on a <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">cron</span></tt>) are left as options for those who
422desire them.</p> 690desire them.</p>
423</div> 691</div>
424<div class="section" id="news-item-removal"> 692<div class="section">
425<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id36" name="news-item-removal">News Item Removal</a></h2> 693<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id39" id="news-item-removal" name="news-item-removal">News Item Removal</a></h2>
426<p>News items can be removed (by removing the news file from the main tree) when 694<p>News items can be removed (by removing the news file from the main tree) when
427they are no longer relevant, if they are made obsolete by a future news item or 695they are no longer relevant, if they are made obsolete by a future news item or
428after a long period of time. This is the same as the method used for <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">updates</span></tt> 696after a long period of time. This is the same as the method used for <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">updates</span></tt>
429entries.</p> 697entries.</p>
430</div> 698</div>
431</div> 699</div>
432<div class="section" id="integration-with-existing-systems"> 700<div class="section">
433<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id37" name="integration-with-existing-systems">Integration with Existing Systems</a></h1> 701<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id40" id="integration-with-existing-systems" name="integration-with-existing-systems">Integration with Existing Systems</a></h1>
434<p>It would be simple to convert these news items into the format used for news 702<p>It would be simple to convert these news items into the format used for news
435items on the Gentoo website or posts for the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">gentoo-announce</span></tt> mailing list.</p> 703items on the Gentoo website or posts for the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">gentoo-announce</span></tt> mailing list.</p>
436<p>There is an existing automated tool <a class="footnote-reference" href="#forums-glsa" id="id16" name="id16">[4]</a> for posting GLSAs to the 704<p>There is an existing automated tool <a class="footnote-reference" href="#forums-glsa" id="id16" name="id16">[4]</a> for posting GLSAs to the
437forums. A similar tool can be used for these news items.</p> 705forums. A similar tool can be used for these news items.</p>
438</div> 706</div>
439<div class="section" id="backwards-compatibility"> 707<div class="section">
440<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id38" name="backwards-compatibility">Backwards Compatibility</a></h1> 708<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id41" id="backwards-compatibility" name="backwards-compatibility">Backwards Compatibility</a></h1>
441<p>Backwards compatibility is not a concern here. Existing tools will simply ignore 709<p>Backwards compatibility is not a concern here. Existing tools will simply ignore
442the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">news/</span></tt> directory.</p> 710the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">news/</span></tt> directory.</p>
443</div> 711</div>
444<div class="section" id="reference-implementation"> 712<div class="section">
445<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id39" name="reference-implementation">Reference Implementation</a></h1> 713<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id42" id="reference-implementation" name="reference-implementation">Reference Implementation</a></h1>
446<div class="section" id="portage-code"> 714<p>A reference implementation of the required package manager support can be found
447<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id40" name="portage-code">Portage Code</a></h2> 715in Paludis <a class="footnote-reference" href="#paludis" id="id17" name="id17">[15]</a>, along with a reference newsreader implemented as an
448<p>TODO</p> 716eselect module <a class="footnote-reference" href="#eselect-news" id="id18" name="id18">[16]</a>.</p>
449</div> 717</div>
450<div class="section" id="simple-eselect-news-client">
451<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id41" name="simple-eselect-news-client">Simple <tt class="docutils literal docutils literal"><span class="pre">eselect</span></tt> News Client</a></h2>
452<p>TODO Removed until the exact format details are figured out.</p>
453</div>
454<div class="section" id="simple-news-to-mail-forwarder">
455<h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id42" name="simple-news-to-mail-forwarder">Simple News to Mail Forwarder</a></h2>
456<p>TODO Removed until the exact format details are figured out.</p>
457</div>
458</div>
459<div class="section" id="credits"> 718<div class="section">
460<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id43" name="credits">Credits</a></h1> 719<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id43" id="credits" name="credits">Credits</a></h1>
461<p>The idea behind notifying users of news updates via Portage comes from Stuart 720<p>The idea behind notifying users of news updates via Portage comes from Stuart
462Herbert <a class="footnote-reference" href="#stuart-blog" id="id17" name="id17">[15]</a>.</p> 721Herbert <a class="footnote-reference" href="#stuart-blog" id="id19" name="id19">[17]</a>.</p>
463<p>Thanks to Lance Albertson, Stephen Bennett, Donnie Berkholz, Grant Goodyear, 722<p>Thanks to Lance Albertson, Stephen Bennett, Donnie Berkholz, Grant Goodyear,
464Brian Harring, Dan Meltzer, Jason Stubbs, Paul de Vrieze and Alec Warner for 723Brian Harring, Marius Mauch, Dan Meltzer, Jason Stubbs, Paul de Vrieze and Alec
465input. Some of the ideas presented here are theirs, others go completely 724Warner for input. Some of the ideas presented here are theirs, others go
466against their suggestions.</p> 725completely against their suggestions.</p>
467</div> 726</div>
468<div class="section" id="example-files"> 727<div class="section">
469<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id44" name="example-files">Example Files</a></h1> 728<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id44" id="example-files" name="example-files">Example Files</a></h1>
470<p>TODO Removed until the exact format details are figured out.</p> 729<dl class="docutils">
730<dt><a class="reference" href="glep-0042-extras/example-news-item.txt">example-news-item.txt</a></dt>
731<dd>An example news item.</dd>
732</dl>
471</div> 733</div>
472<div class="section" id="references"> 734<div class="section">
473<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id45" name="references">References</a></h1> 735<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id45" id="references" name="references">References</a></h1>
474<table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="bug-11359" rules="none"> 736<table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="bug-11359" rules="none">
475<colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup> 737<colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
476<tbody valign="top"> 738<tbody valign="top">
477<tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id1" name="bug-11359">[1]</a></td><td>Bugzilla Bug 11359 739<tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id1" name="bug-11359">[1]</a></td><td>Bugzilla Bug 11359
478&quot;[NEW FEATURE] pkg_postinst/pkg_preinst ewarn/einfo logging&quot;, 740&quot;[NEW FEATURE] pkg_postinst/pkg_preinst ewarn/einfo logging&quot;,
506<tbody valign="top"> 768<tbody valign="top">
507<tr><td class="label"><a name="forums-apache2">[5]</a></td><td><em>(<a class="fn-backref" href="#id2">1</a>, <a class="fn-backref" href="#id3">2</a>)</em> Forums thread &quot;Gentoo Apache2 Config Change Idiocy&quot;, 769<tr><td class="label"><a name="forums-apache2">[5]</a></td><td><em>(<a class="fn-backref" href="#id2">1</a>, <a class="fn-backref" href="#id3">2</a>)</em> Forums thread &quot;Gentoo Apache2 Config Change Idiocy&quot;,
508<a class="reference" href="http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic-t-384368.html">http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic-t-384368.html</a></td></tr> 770<a class="reference" href="http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic-t-384368.html">http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic-t-384368.html</a></td></tr>
509</tbody> 771</tbody>
510</table> 772</table>
511<table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="glep-1" rules="none">
512<colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
513<tbody valign="top">
514<tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id11" name="glep-1">[6]</a></td><td>GLEP 1: &quot;GLEP Purpose and Guidelines&quot;, Grant Goodyear,
515<a class="reference" href="http://www.gentoo.org/proj/en/glep/glep-0001.html">http://www.gentoo.org/proj/en/glep/glep-0001.html</a></td></tr>
516</tbody>
517</table>
518<table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="glep-22" rules="none"> 773<table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="glep-22" rules="none">
519<colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup> 774<colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
520<tbody valign="top"> 775<tbody valign="top">
521<tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id12" name="glep-22">[7]</a></td><td>GLEP 22: &quot;New &quot;keyword&quot; system to incorporate various 776<tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id12" name="glep-22">[6]</a></td><td>GLEP 22: &quot;New &quot;keyword&quot; system to incorporate various
522userlands/kernels/archs&quot;, Grant Goodyear, 777userlands/kernels/archs&quot;, Grant Goodyear,
523<a class="reference" href="http://www.gentoo.org/proj/en/glep/glep-0022.html">http://www.gentoo.org/proj/en/glep/glep-0022.html</a></td></tr> 778<a class="reference" href="http://www.gentoo.org/proj/en/glep/glep-0022.html">http://www.gentoo.org/proj/en/glep/glep-0022.html</a></td></tr>
524</tbody> 779</tbody>
525</table> 780</table>
526<table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="glep-31" rules="none"> 781<table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="glep-31" rules="none">
527<colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup> 782<colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
528<tbody valign="top"> 783<tbody valign="top">
529<tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id9" name="glep-31">[8]</a></td><td>GLEP 31: &quot;Character Sets for Portage Tree Items&quot;, Ciaran 784<tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id9" name="glep-31">[7]</a></td><td>GLEP 31: &quot;Character Sets for Portage Tree Items&quot;, Ciaran
530McCreesh, 785McCreesh,
531<a class="reference" href="http://www.gentoo.org/proj/en/glep/glep-0031.html">http://www.gentoo.org/proj/en/glep/glep-0031.html</a></td></tr> 786<a class="reference" href="http://www.gentoo.org/proj/en/glep/glep-0031.html">http://www.gentoo.org/proj/en/glep/glep-0031.html</a></td></tr>
532</tbody> 787</tbody>
533</table> 788</table>
534<table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="glep-34" rules="none"> 789<table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="glep-34" rules="none">
535<colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup> 790<colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
536<tbody valign="top"> 791<tbody valign="top">
537<tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id6" name="glep-34">[9]</a></td><td>GLEP 34: &quot;Per-Category metadata.xml Files&quot;, Ciaran McCreesh, 792<tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id6" name="glep-34">[8]</a></td><td>GLEP 34: &quot;Per-Category metadata.xml Files&quot;, Ciaran McCreesh,
538<a class="reference" href="http://www.gentoo.org/proj/en/glep/glep-0034.html">http://www.gentoo.org/proj/en/glep/glep-0034.html</a></td></tr> 793<a class="reference" href="http://www.gentoo.org/proj/en/glep/glep-0034.html">http://www.gentoo.org/proj/en/glep/glep-0034.html</a></td></tr>
539</tbody> 794</tbody>
540</table> 795</table>
541<table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="glep-36" rules="none"> 796<table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="glep-36" rules="none">
542<colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup> 797<colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
543<tbody valign="top"> 798<tbody valign="top">
544<tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id4" name="glep-36">[10]</a></td><td>GLEP 36: &quot;Subversion/CVS for Gentoo Hosted Projects&quot;, Aaron 799<tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id4" name="glep-36">[9]</a></td><td>GLEP 36: &quot;Subversion/CVS for Gentoo Hosted Projects&quot;, Aaron
545Walker, 800Walker,
546<a class="reference" href="http://www.gentoo.org/proj/en/glep/glep-0036.html">http://www.gentoo.org/proj/en/glep/glep-0036.html</a></td></tr> 801<a class="reference" href="http://www.gentoo.org/proj/en/glep/glep-0036.html">http://www.gentoo.org/proj/en/glep/glep-0036.html</a></td></tr>
802</tbody>
803</table>
804<table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="glep-45" rules="none">
805<colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
806<tbody valign="top">
807<tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id11" name="glep-45">[10]</a></td><td>GLEP 45: &quot;GLEP date format&quot;, Henrik Brix Andersen,
808<a class="reference" href="http://www.gentoo.org/proj/en/glep/glep-0045.html">http://www.gentoo.org/proj/en/glep/glep-0045.html</a></td></tr>
547</tbody> 809</tbody>
548</table> 810</table>
549<table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="iso-639" rules="none"> 811<table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="iso-639" rules="none">
550<colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup> 812<colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
551<tbody valign="top"> 813<tbody valign="top">
571<tbody valign="top"> 833<tbody valign="top">
572<tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id7" name="rfc-3629">[14]</a></td><td><a class="reference" href="http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3629.html">RFC 3629</a>: &quot;UTF-8, a transformation format of ISO 10646&quot; 834<tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id7" name="rfc-3629">[14]</a></td><td><a class="reference" href="http://www.faqs.org/rfcs/rfc3629.html">RFC 3629</a>: &quot;UTF-8, a transformation format of ISO 10646&quot;
573<a class="reference" href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3629.txt">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3629.txt</a></td></tr> 835<a class="reference" href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3629.txt">http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3629.txt</a></td></tr>
574</tbody> 836</tbody>
575</table> 837</table>
838<table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="paludis" rules="none">
839<colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
840<tbody valign="top">
841<tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id17" name="paludis">[15]</a></td><td>Paludis homepage, <a class="reference" href="http://paludis.berlios.de">http://paludis.berlios.de</a></td></tr>
842</tbody>
843</table>
844<table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="eselect-news" rules="none">
845<colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
846<tbody valign="top">
847<tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id18" name="eselect-news">[16]</a></td><td>news.eselect, <a class="reference" href="http://svn.berlios.de/svnroot/repos/paludis/trunk/eselect/news.eselect">http://svn.berlios.de/svnroot/repos/paludis/trunk/eselect/news.eselect</a></td></tr>
848</tbody>
849</table>
576<table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="stuart-blog" rules="none"> 850<table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="stuart-blog" rules="none">
577<colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup> 851<colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
578<tbody valign="top"> 852<tbody valign="top">
579<tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id17" name="stuart-blog">[15]</a></td><td>&quot;Favouring an automatic news mechanism&quot;, Stuart Herbert, 853<tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id19" name="stuart-blog">[17]</a></td><td>&quot;Favouring an automatic news mechanism&quot;, Stuart Herbert,
580<a class="reference" href="http://stu.gnqs.org/diary/gentoo.php/2005/10/28/favouring_an_automatic_news_mechanism">http://stu.gnqs.org/diary/gentoo.php/2005/10/28/favouring_an_automatic_news_mechanism</a></td></tr> 854<a class="reference" href="http://stu.gnqs.org/diary/gentoo.php/2005/10/28/favouring_an_automatic_news_mechanism">http://stu.gnqs.org/diary/gentoo.php/2005/10/28/favouring_an_automatic_news_mechanism</a></td></tr>
581</tbody> 855</tbody>
582</table> 856</table>
583<table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="id18" rules="none"> 857<table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="id20" rules="none">
584<colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup> 858<colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
585<tbody valign="top"> 859<tbody valign="top">
586<tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id19" name="id18">[16]</a></td><td><a class="reference" href="glep-0042-extras/example-news-item.txt">glep-0042-extras/example-news-item.txt</a></td></tr> 860<tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id21" name="id20">[18]</a></td><td><a class="reference" href="glep-0042-extras/example-news-item.txt">glep-0042-extras/example-news-item.txt</a></td></tr>
587</tbody> 861</tbody>
588</table> 862</table>
589</div> 863</div>
590<div class="section" id="copyright"> 864<div class="section">
591<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id46" name="copyright">Copyright</a></h1> 865<h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id46" id="copyright" name="copyright">Copyright</a></h1>
592<p>This document has been placed in the public domain.</p> 866<p>This document has been placed in the public domain.</p>
593<!-- vim: set tw=80 fileencoding=utf-8 spell spelllang=en et : --> 867<!-- vim: set tw=80 fileencoding=utf-8 spell spelllang=en et : -->
594</div> 868</div>
595 869
596</div> 870</div>
597<div class="footer"> 871<div class="footer">
598<hr class="footer" /> 872<hr class="footer" />
599<a class="reference" href="glep-0042.txt">View document source</a>. 873<a class="reference" href="glep-0042.txt">View document source</a>.
600Generated on: 2005-12-11 01:37 UTC. 874Generated on: 2006-09-05 20:36 UTC.
601Generated by <a class="reference" href="http://docutils.sourceforge.net/">Docutils</a> from <a class="reference" href="http://docutils.sourceforge.net/rst.html">reStructuredText</a> source. 875Generated by <a class="reference" href="http://docutils.sourceforge.net/">Docutils</a> from <a class="reference" href="http://docutils.sourceforge.net/rst.html">reStructuredText</a> source.
602 876
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