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21 g2boojum 1.6 [<b><a href="http://www.gentoo.org/proj/en/glep/glep-0044.txt">GLEP Source</a></b>]
22 g2boojum 1.1 </td></tr></table>
23     <table class="rfc2822 docutils field-list" frame="void" rules="none">
24     <col class="field-name" />
25     <col class="field-body" />
26     <tbody valign="top">
27     <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">GLEP:</th><td class="field-body">44</td>
28     </tr>
29     <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Title:</th><td class="field-body">Manifest2 format</td>
30     </tr>
31 antarus 1.10 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Version:</th><td class="field-body">1.7</td>
32 g2boojum 1.1 </tr>
33 antarus 1.10 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Last-Modified:</th><td class="field-body"><a class="reference" href="http://www.gentoo.org/cgi-bin/viewcvs.cgi/xml/htdocs/proj/en/glep/glep-0044.txt?cvsroot=gentoo">2006/10/14 02:55:39</a></td>
34 g2boojum 1.1 </tr>
35     <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Author:</th><td class="field-body">Marius Mauch &lt;genone&#32;&#97;t&#32;gentoo.org&gt;,</td>
36     </tr>
37 genone 1.8 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Status:</th><td class="field-body">Accepted</td>
38 g2boojum 1.1 </tr>
39     <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Type:</th><td class="field-body">Standards Track</td>
40     </tr>
41 g2boojum 1.6 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Content-Type:</th><td class="field-body"><a class="reference" href="glep-0002.html">text/x-rst</a></td>
42 g2boojum 1.1 </tr>
43     <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Created:</th><td class="field-body">04-Dec-2005</td>
44     </tr>
45 g2boojum 1.6 <tr class="field"><th class="field-name">Post-History:</th><td class="field-body">06-Dec-2005, 23-Jan-2006, 3-Sep-2006</td>
46 g2boojum 1.1 </tr>
47     </tbody>
48     </table>
49     <hr />
50 g2boojum 1.6 <div class="contents topic">
51     <p class="topic-title first"><a id="contents" name="contents">Contents</a></p>
52 g2boojum 1.1 <ul class="simple">
53 genone 1.4 <li><a class="reference" href="#abstract" id="id9" name="id9">Abstract</a></li>
54     <li><a class="reference" href="#motivation" id="id10" name="id10">Motivation</a></li>
55     <li><a class="reference" href="#specification" id="id11" name="id11">Specification</a><ul>
56     <li><a class="reference" href="#compability-entries" id="id12" name="id12">Compability Entries</a></li>
57     <li><a class="reference" href="#scope" id="id13" name="id13">Scope</a></li>
58     <li><a class="reference" href="#number-of-hashes" id="id14" name="id14">Number of hashes</a></li>
59 g2boojum 1.1 </ul>
60     </li>
61 genone 1.4 <li><a class="reference" href="#rationale" id="id15" name="id15">Rationale</a><ul>
62     <li><a class="reference" href="#removal-of-digest-files" id="id16" name="id16">Removal of digest files</a></li>
63     <li><a class="reference" href="#reducing-redundancy" id="id17" name="id17">Reducing redundancy</a></li>
64     <li><a class="reference" href="#removal-of-checksum-collisions" id="id18" name="id18">Removal of checksum collisions</a></li>
65     <li><a class="reference" href="#flexible-verification-system" id="id19" name="id19">Flexible verification system</a></li>
66 g2boojum 1.1 </ul>
67     </li>
68 genone 1.4 <li><a class="reference" href="#backwards-compatibility" id="id20" name="id20">Backwards Compatibility</a></li>
69     <li><a class="reference" href="#other-problems" id="id21" name="id21">Other problems</a><ul>
70     <li><a class="reference" href="#impacts-on-infrastructure" id="id22" name="id22">Impacts on infrastructure</a></li>
71 g2boojum 1.1 </ul>
72     </li>
73 genone 1.4 <li><a class="reference" href="#reference-implementation" id="id23" name="id23">Reference Implementation</a></li>
74     <li><a class="reference" href="#options" id="id24" name="id24">Options</a></li>
75     <li><a class="reference" href="#credits" id="id25" name="id25">Credits</a></li>
76     <li><a class="reference" href="#references" id="id26" name="id26">References</a></li>
77     <li><a class="reference" href="#copyright" id="id27" name="id27">Copyright</a></li>
78 g2boojum 1.1 </ul>
79     </div>
80 g2boojum 1.6 <div class="section">
81     <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id9" id="abstract" name="abstract">Abstract</a></h1>
82 g2boojum 1.1 <p>This GLEP proposes a new format for the Portage Manifest and digest file system
83     by unifying both filetypes into one to improve functional and non-functional
84     aspects of the Portage Tree.</p>
85     </div>
86 g2boojum 1.6 <div class="section">
87     <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id10" id="motivation" name="motivation">Motivation</a></h1>
88 g2boojum 1.1 <p>Please see <a class="footnote-reference" href="#reorg-thread" id="id1" name="id1">[1]</a> for a general overview.
89     The main long term goals of this proposal are to:</p>
90     <ul class="simple">
91     <li>Remove the tiny digest files from the tree. They are a major annoyance as on a
92 genone 1.3 typical configuration they waste a lot of disk space and the simple transmission
93 g2boojum 1.1 of the names for all digest files during a <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">emerge</span> <span class="pre">--sync</span></tt> needs a substantial
94     amount of bandwidth.</li>
95     <li>Reduce redundancy when multiple hash functions are used</li>
96     <li>Remove potential for checksum collisions if a file is recorded in more than one
97     digest file</li>
98     <li>Difference between filetypes for a more flexible verification system</li>
99     </ul>
100     </div>
101 g2boojum 1.6 <div class="section">
102     <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id11" id="specification" name="specification">Specification</a></h1>
103 g2boojum 1.1 <p>The new Manifest format would change the existing format in the following ways:</p>
104     <ul>
105     <li><p class="first">Addition of a filetype specifier, currently planned are</p>
106     <ul class="simple">
107 genone 1.4 <li><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">AUX</span></tt> for files directly used by ebuilds (e.g. patches or initscripts),
108 g2boojum 1.1 located in the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">files/</span></tt> subdirectory</li>
109     <li><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">EBUILD</span></tt> for all ebuilds</li>
110 genone 1.4 <li><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">MISC</span></tt> for files not directly used by ebuilds like <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">ChangeLog</span></tt> or
111 g2boojum 1.1 <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">metadata.xml</span></tt> files</li>
112 genone 1.4 <li><tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">DIST</span></tt> for release tarballs recorded in the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">SRC_URI</span></tt> variable of an ebuild,
113 g2boojum 1.1 these were previously recorded in the digest files</li>
114     </ul>
115 g2boojum 1.6 <p>Future portage improvements might extend this list (for example with types
116 g2boojum 1.1 relevant for eclasses or profiles)</p>
117     </li>
118 g2boojum 1.6 <li><p class="first">Only have one line per file listing all information instead of one line per
119 g2boojum 1.1 file and checksum type</p>
120     </li>
121     <li><p class="first">Remove the separated digest-* files in the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">files/</span></tt> subdirectory</p>
122     </li>
123     </ul>
124     <p>Each line in the new format has the following format:</p>
125     <pre class="literal-block">
126     &lt;filetype&gt; &lt;filename&gt; &lt;filesize&gt; &lt;chksumtype1&gt; &lt;chksum1&gt; ... &lt;chksumtypen&gt; &lt;chksumn&gt;
127     </pre>
128     <p>However theses entries will be stored in the existing Manifest files.</p>
129 genone 1.5 <p>An <a class="reference" href="glep-0044-extras/manifest2-example.txt">actual example</a> <a class="footnote-reference" href="#id7" id="id8" name="id8">[6]</a> for a (pure) Manifest2 file..</p>
130 g2boojum 1.6 <div class="section">
131     <h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id12" id="compability-entries" name="compability-entries">Compability Entries</a></h2>
132 g2boojum 1.1 <p>To maintain compability with existing portage versions a transition period after
133 g2boojum 1.6 is the introduction of the Manifest2 format is required during which portage
134 g2boojum 1.1 will not only have to be capable of using existing Manifest and digest files but
135     also generate them in addition to the new entries.
136     Fortunately this can be accomplished by simply mixing old and new style entries
137     in one file for the Manifest files, existing portage versions will simply ignore
138 g2boojum 1.6 the new style entries. For the digest files there are no new entries to care
139 g2boojum 1.1 about.</p>
140     </div>
141 g2boojum 1.6 <div class="section">
142     <h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id13" id="scope" name="scope">Scope</a></h2>
143     <p>It is important to note that this proposal only deals with a change of the
144 g2boojum 1.1 format of the digest and Manifest system.</p>
145     <p>It does not expand the scope of it to cover eclasses, profiles or anything
146     else not already covered by the Manifest system, it also doesn't affect
147     the Manifest signing efforts in any way (though the implementations of both
148     might be coupled).</p>
149     <p>Also while multiple hash functions will become standard with the proposed
150 genone 1.4 implementation they are not a specific feature of this format <a class="footnote-reference" href="#multi-hash-thread" id="id3" name="id3">[2]</a>.</p>
151     </div>
152 g2boojum 1.6 <div class="section">
153     <h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id14" id="number-of-hashes" name="number-of-hashes">Number of hashes</a></h2>
154 genone 1.4 <p>While using multiple hashes for each file is a major feature of this proposal
155     we have to make sure that the number of hashes listed is limited to avoid
156     an explosion of the Manifest size that would revert the main benefit of this proposal
157     (reduzing tree size). Therefore the number of hashes that will be generated
158 g2boojum 1.6 will be limited to three different hash functions. For compability though we
159 genone 1.4 have to rely on at least one hash function to always be present, this proposal
160     suggest to use SHA1 for this purpose (as it is supposed to be more secure than MD5
161     and currently only SHA1 and MD5 are directly available in python, also MD5 doesn't
162     have any benefit in terms of compability).</p>
163 g2boojum 1.1 </div>
164     </div>
165 g2boojum 1.6 <div class="section">
166     <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id15" id="rationale" name="rationale">Rationale</a></h1>
167     <p>The main goals of the proposal have been listed in the <a class="reference" href="#motivation">Motivation</a>, here now
168     the explanation why they are improvements and how the proposed format will
169 g2boojum 1.1 accomplish them.</p>
170 g2boojum 1.6 <div class="section">
171     <h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id16" id="removal-of-digest-files" name="removal-of-digest-files">Removal of digest files</a></h2>
172     <p>Normal users that don't use a &quot;tuned&quot; filesystem for the portage tree are
173 genone 1.3 wasting several dozen to a few hundred megabytes of disk space with the current
174 g2boojum 1.6 system, largely caused by the digest files.
175     This is due to the filesystem overhead present in most filesystem that
176     have a standard blocksize of four kilobytes while most digest files are under
177 g2boojum 1.1 one kilobyte in size, so this results in approximately a waste of three kilobytes
178     per digest file (likely even more). At the time of this writing the tree contains
179     roughly 22.000 digest files, so the overall waste caused by digest files is
180     estimated at about 70-100 megabytes.
181 g2boojum 1.6 Furthermore it is assumed that this will also reduce the disk space wasted by
182     the Manifest files as they now contain more content, but this hasn't been
183 g2boojum 1.1 verified yet.</p>
184     <p>By unifying the digest files with the Manifest these tiny files are eliminated
185 g2boojum 1.6 (in the long run), reducing the apparent tree size by about 20%, benefitting
186 g2boojum 1.1 both users and the Gentoo infrastructure.</p>
187     </div>
188 g2boojum 1.6 <div class="section">
189     <h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id17" id="reducing-redundancy" name="reducing-redundancy">Reducing redundancy</a></h2>
190     <p>When multiple hashes are used with the current system
191 g2boojum 1.1 both the filename and filesize are repeated for every checksum type used as each
192 g2boojum 1.6 checksum is standalone. However this doesn't add any functionality and is
193 g2boojum 1.1 therefore useless, so the new format removes this redundancy.
194 g2boojum 1.6 This is a theoretical improvement at this moment as only one hash function is in
195 genone 1.4 use, but expected to change soon (see <a class="footnote-reference" href="#multi-hash-thread" id="id4" name="id4">[2]</a>).</p>
196 g2boojum 1.1 </div>
197 g2boojum 1.6 <div class="section">
198     <h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id18" id="removal-of-checksum-collisions" name="removal-of-checksum-collisions">Removal of checksum collisions</a></h2>
199     <p>The current system theoretically allows for a <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">DIST</span></tt> type file to be recorded
200 g2boojum 1.1 in multiple digest files with different sizes and/or checksums. In such a case
201 g2boojum 1.6 one version of a package would report a checksum violation while another one
202 g2boojum 1.1 would not. This could create confusion and uncertainity among users.
203 g2boojum 1.6 So far this case hasn't been observed, but it can't be ruled out with the
204 g2boojum 1.1 existing system.
205     As the new format lists each file exactly once this would be no longer possible.</p>
206     </div>
207 g2boojum 1.6 <div class="section">
208     <h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id19" id="flexible-verification-system" name="flexible-verification-system">Flexible verification system</a></h2>
209 g2boojum 1.1 <p>Right now portage verifies the checksum of every file listed in the Manifest
210 g2boojum 1.6 before using any file of the package and all <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">DIST</span></tt> files of an ebuild
211 g2boojum 1.1 before using that ebuild. This is unnecessary in many cases:</p>
212     <ul class="simple">
213 g2boojum 1.6 <li>During the &quot;depend&quot; phase (when the ebuild metadata is generated) only
214 g2boojum 1.1 files of type <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">EBUILD</span></tt> are used, so verifying the other types isn't
215     necessary. Theoretically it is possible for an ebuild to include other
216 genone 1.4 files like those of type <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">AUX</span></tt> at this phase, but that would be a
217 g2boojum 1.1 major QA violation and should never occur, so it can be ignored here.
218     It is also not a security concern as the ebuild is verified before parsing
219     it, so each manipulation would show up.</li>
220 g2boojum 1.6 <li>Generally files of type <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">MISC</span></tt> don't need to be verified as they are
221 g2boojum 1.1 only used in very specific situations, aren't executed (just parsed at most)
222     and don't affect the package build process.</li>
223 genone 1.4 <li>Files of type <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">DIST</span></tt> only need to be verified directly after fetching and
224 g2boojum 1.6 before unpacking them (which often will be one step), not every time their
225 g2boojum 1.1 associated ebuild is used.</li>
226     </ul>
227     </div>
228     </div>
229 g2boojum 1.6 <div class="section">
230     <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id20" id="backwards-compatibility" name="backwards-compatibility">Backwards Compatibility</a></h1>
231     <p>Switching the Manifest system is a task that will need a long transition period
232     like most changes affecting both portage and the tree. In this case the
233 g2boojum 1.1 implementation will be rolled out in several phases:</p>
234     <ol class="arabic simple">
235     <li>Add support for verification of Manifest2 entries in portage</li>
236     <li>Enable generation of Manifest2 entries in addition to the current system</li>
237 g2boojum 1.6 <li>Ignore digests during <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">emerge</span> <span class="pre">--sync</span></tt> to get the size-benefit clientside.
238 g2boojum 1.1 This step may be ommitted if the following steps are expected to follow soon.</li>
239     <li>Disable generation of entries for the current system</li>
240     <li>Remove all traces of the current system from the tree (serverside)</li>
241     </ol>
242 g2boojum 1.6 <p>Each step has its own issues. While 1) and 2) can be implemented without any
243 g2boojum 1.1 compability problems all later steps have a major impact:</p>
244     <ul class="simple">
245 g2boojum 1.6 <li>Step 3) can only be implemented when the whole tree is Manifest2 ready
246 g2boojum 1.1 (ideally speaking, practically the requirement will be more like 95% coverage
247 g2boojum 1.6 with the expectation that for the remaining 5% either bugs will be filed after
248 g2boojum 1.1 step 3) is completed or they'll be updated at step 5).</li>
249 g2boojum 1.6 <li>Steps 4) and 5) will render all portage versions without Manifest2 support
250     basically useless (users would have to regenerate the digest and Manifest
251 g2boojum 1.1 for each package before being able to merge it), so this requires a almost
252 g2boojum 1.6 100% coverage of the userbase with Manifest2 capabale portage versions
253 g2boojum 1.1 (with step 1) completely implemented).</li>
254     </ul>
255     <p>Another problem is that some steps affect different targets:</p>
256     <ul class="simple">
257     <li>Steps 1) and 3) target portage versions used by users</li>
258     <li>Steps 2) and 4) target portage versions used by devs</li>
259     <li>Step 5) targets the portage tree on the cvs server</li>
260     </ul>
261 g2boojum 1.6 <p>While it is relatively easy to get all devs to use a new portage version this is
262 g2boojum 1.1 practically impossible with users as some don't update their systems regulary.
263 g2boojum 1.6 While six months are probably sufficient to reach a 95% coverage one year is
264 g2boojum 1.1 estimated to reach an almost-complete coverage. All times are relative to the
265     stable-marking of a compatible portage version.</p>
266     <p>No timeframe for implementation is presented here as it is highly dependent
267     on the completion of each step.</p>
268     <p>In summary it can be said that while a full conversion will take over a year
269 g2boojum 1.6 to be completed due to compability issues mentioned above some benefits of the
270 genone 1.2 system can selectively be used as soon as step 2) is completed.</p>
271 g2boojum 1.1 </div>
272 g2boojum 1.6 <div class="section">
273     <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id21" id="other-problems" name="other-problems">Other problems</a></h1>
274     <div class="section">
275     <h2><a class="toc-backref" href="#id22" id="impacts-on-infrastructure" name="impacts-on-infrastructure">Impacts on infrastructure</a></h2>
276 g2boojum 1.1 <p>While one long term goal of this proposal is to reduce the size of the tree
277 g2boojum 1.6 and therefore make life for the Gentoo Infrastructure easier this will only
278     take effect once the implementation is rolled out completely. In the meantime
279 genone 1.2 however it will increase the tree size due to keeping checksums in both formats.
280 g2boojum 1.6 It's not possible to give a usable estimate on the degree of the increase as
281     it depends on many variables such as the exact implementation timeframe,
282     propagation of Manifest2 capable portage versions among devs or the update
283     rate of the tree. It has been suggested that Manifest files that are not gpg
284     signed could be mass converted in one step, this could certainly help but only
285     to some degree (according to a recent research <a class="footnote-reference" href="#gpg-numbers" id="id5" name="id5">[3]</a> about 40% of
286 genone 1.2 all Manifests in the tree are signed, but this number hasn't been verified).</p>
287 g2boojum 1.1 </div>
288     </div>
289 g2boojum 1.6 <div class="section">
290     <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id23" id="reference-implementation" name="reference-implementation">Reference Implementation</a></h1>
291     <p>A patch for a prototype implementation of Manifest2 verification and partial
292 genone 1.4 generation has been posted at <a class="footnote-reference" href="#manifest2-patch" id="id6" name="id6">[4]</a>, it will be reworked before
293 g2boojum 1.6 being considered for inclusion in portage. However it shows that adding support
294     for verification is quite simple, but generation is a bit tricky and will
295 g2boojum 1.1 therefore be implemented later.</p>
296     </div>
297 g2boojum 1.6 <div class="section">
298     <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id24" id="options" name="options">Options</a></h1>
299     <p>Some things have been considered for this GLEP but aren't part of the proposal
300 g2boojum 1.1 yet for various reasons:</p>
301     <ul class="simple">
302 g2boojum 1.6 <li>timestamp field: the author has considered adding a timestamp field for
303 g2boojum 1.1 each entry to list the time the entry was created. However so far no practical
304     use for such a feature has been found.</li>
305     <li>convert size field into checksum: Another idea was to treat the size field
306 g2boojum 1.6 like any other checksum. But so far no real benefit (other than a slightly
307     more modular implementation) for this has been seen while it has several
308 g2boojum 1.1 drawbacks: For once, unlike checksums, the size field is definitely required
309 g2boojum 1.6 for all <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">DIST</span></tt> files, also it would slightly increase the length of
310 g2boojum 1.1 each entry by adding a <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">SIZE</span></tt> keyword.</li>
311 genone 1.4 <li>removal of the <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">MISC</span></tt> type: It has been suggested to completely drop
312     entries of type <tt class="docutils literal"><span class="pre">MISC</span></tt>. This would result in a minor space reduction
313 g2boojum 1.1 (its rather unlikely to free any blocks) but completely remove the ability
314 g2boojum 1.6 to check these files for integrity. While they don't influence portage
315 g2boojum 1.1 or packages directly they can contain viable information for users, so
316 g2boojum 1.6 the author has the opinion that at least the option for integrity checks
317 g2boojum 1.1 should be kept.</li>
318     </ul>
319     </div>
320 g2boojum 1.6 <div class="section">
321     <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id25" id="credits" name="credits">Credits</a></h1>
322 g2boojum 1.1 <p>Thanks to the following persons for their input on or related to this GLEP
323     (even though they might not have known it):
324     Ned Ludd (solar), Brian Harring (ferringb), Jason Stubbs (jstubbs),
325     Robin H. Johnson (robbat2), Aron Griffis (agriffis)</p>
326 g2boojum 1.6 <p>Also thanks to Nicholas Jones (carpaski) to make the current Manifest system
327 g2boojum 1.1 resistent enough to be able to handle this change without too many transition
328     problems.</p>
329     </div>
330 g2boojum 1.6 <div class="section">
331     <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id26" id="references" name="references">References</a></h1>
332 g2boojum 1.1 <table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="reorg-thread" rules="none">
333     <colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
334     <tbody valign="top">
335     <tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id1" name="reorg-thread">[1]</a></td><td><a class="reference" href="http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.linux.gentoo.devel/21920">http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.linux.gentoo.devel/21920</a></td></tr>
336     </tbody>
337     </table>
338     <table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="multi-hash-thread" rules="none">
339     <colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
340     <tbody valign="top">
341 genone 1.4 <tr><td class="label"><a name="multi-hash-thread">[2]</a></td><td><em>(<a class="fn-backref" href="#id3">1</a>, <a class="fn-backref" href="#id4">2</a>)</em> <a class="reference" href="http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.linux.gentoo.devel/33434">http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.linux.gentoo.devel/33434</a></td></tr>
342 g2boojum 1.1 </tbody>
343     </table>
344     <table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="gpg-numbers" rules="none">
345     <colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
346     <tbody valign="top">
347 genone 1.4 <tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id5" name="gpg-numbers">[3]</a></td><td>gentoo-core mailing list, topic &quot;Gentoo key signing practices
348 g2boojum 1.1 and official Gentoo keyring&quot;, Message-ID &lt;<a class="reference" href="mailto:20051117075838.GB15734&#64;curie-int.vc.shawcable.net">20051117075838.GB15734&#64;curie-int.vc.shawcable.net</a>&gt;</td></tr>
349     </tbody>
350     </table>
351     <table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="manifest2-patch" rules="none">
352     <colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
353     <tbody valign="top">
354 genone 1.4 <tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id6" name="manifest2-patch">[4]</a></td><td><a class="reference" href="http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.linux.gentoo.portage.devel/1374">http://thread.gmane.org/gmane.linux.gentoo.portage.devel/1374</a></td></tr>
355     </tbody>
356     </table>
357     <table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="manifest2-example" rules="none">
358     <colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
359     <tbody valign="top">
360     <tr><td class="label"><a name="manifest2-example">[5]</a></td><td><a class="reference" href="http://www.gentoo.org/proj/en/glep/glep-0044-extras/manifest2-example">http://www.gentoo.org/proj/en/glep/glep-0044-extras/manifest2-example</a></td></tr>
361     </tbody>
362     </table>
363     <table class="docutils footnote" frame="void" id="id7" rules="none">
364     <colgroup><col class="label" /><col /></colgroup>
365     <tbody valign="top">
366 genone 1.5 <tr><td class="label"><a class="fn-backref" href="#id8" name="id7">[6]</a></td><td><a class="reference" href="glep-0044-extras/manifest2-example.txt">glep-0044-extras/manifest2-example.txt</a></td></tr>
367 g2boojum 1.1 </tbody>
368     </table>
369     </div>
370 g2boojum 1.6 <div class="section">
371     <h1><a class="toc-backref" href="#id27" id="copyright" name="copyright">Copyright</a></h1>
372 g2boojum 1.1 <p>This document has been placed in the public domain.</p>
373     </div>
374    
375     </div>
376     <div class="footer">
377     <hr class="footer" />
378     <a class="reference" href="glep-0044.txt">View document source</a>.
379 antarus 1.10 Generated on: 2007-10-13 13:39 UTC.
380 g2boojum 1.1 Generated by <a class="reference" href="http://docutils.sourceforge.net/">Docutils</a> from <a class="reference" href="http://docutils.sourceforge.net/rst.html">reStructuredText</a> source.
381    
382     </div>
383     </body>
384     </html>

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