/[gentoo-projects]/pax-utils/scanelf.c
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Revision 1.40 Revision 1.239
1/* 1/*
2 * Copyright 2003 Ned Ludd <solar@gentoo.org>
3 * Copyright 1999-2005 Gentoo Foundation 2 * Copyright 2003-2007 Gentoo Foundation
4 * Distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License v2 3 * Distributed under the terms of the GNU General Public License v2
5 * $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo-projects/pax-utils/Attic/scanelf.c,v 1.40 2005/04/21 00:13:03 solar Exp $ 4 * $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo-projects/pax-utils/Attic/scanelf.c,v 1.239 2012/01/23 22:28:17 vapier Exp $
6 * 5 *
7 ******************************************************************** 6 * Copyright 2003-2007 Ned Ludd - <solar@gentoo.org>
8 * This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or 7 * Copyright 2004-2007 Mike Frysinger - <vapier@gentoo.org>
9 * modify it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as
10 * published by the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the
11 * License, or (at your option) any later version.
12 *
13 * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
14 * WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
15 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
16 * General Public License for more details.
17 *
18 * You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
19 * along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
20 * Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place - Suite 330, Boston,
21 * MA 02111-1307, USA.
22 */ 8 */
23 9
24#include <stdio.h> 10static const char rcsid[] = "$Id: scanelf.c,v 1.239 2012/01/23 22:28:17 vapier Exp $";
25#include <stdlib.h> 11const char argv0[] = "scanelf";
26#include <sys/types.h>
27#define __USE_GNU
28#include <string.h>
29#include <errno.h>
30#include <unistd.h>
31#include <sys/stat.h>
32#include <dirent.h>
33#include <getopt.h>
34#include <assert.h>
35 12
36#include "paxelf.h" 13#include "paxinc.h"
37 14
38static const char *rcsid = "$Id: scanelf.c,v 1.40 2005/04/21 00:13:03 solar Exp $"; 15#define IS_MODIFIER(c) (c == '%' || c == '#' || c == '+')
39#define argv0 "scanelf"
40
41
42 16
43/* prototypes */ 17/* prototypes */
44static void scanelf_file(const char *filename); 18static int file_matches_list(const char *filename, char **matchlist);
45static void scanelf_dir(const char *path);
46static void scanelf_ldpath();
47static void scanelf_envpath();
48static void usage(int status);
49static void parseargs(int argc, char *argv[]);
50 19
51/* variables to control behavior */ 20/* variables to control behavior */
21static char *match_etypes = NULL;
22static array_t _ldpaths = array_init_decl, *ldpaths = &_ldpaths;
52static char scan_ldpath = 0; 23static char scan_ldpath = 0;
53static char scan_envpath = 0; 24static char scan_envpath = 0;
54static char scan_symlink = 1; 25static char scan_symlink = 1;
26static char scan_archives = 0;
55static char dir_recurse = 0; 27static char dir_recurse = 0;
56static char dir_crossmount = 1; 28static char dir_crossmount = 1;
57static char show_pax = 0; 29static char show_pax = 0;
30static char show_perms = 0;
58static char show_stack = 0; 31static char show_size = 0;
32static char show_phdr = 0;
59static char show_textrel = 0; 33static char show_textrel = 0;
60static char show_rpath = 0; 34static char show_rpath = 0;
61static char show_needed = 0; 35static char show_needed = 0;
62static char show_interp = 0; 36static char show_interp = 0;
37static char show_bind = 0;
38static char show_soname = 0;
39static char show_textrels = 0;
63static char show_banner = 1; 40static char show_banner = 1;
41static char show_endian = 0;
42static char show_osabi = 0;
43static char show_eabi = 0;
64static char be_quiet = 0; 44static char be_quiet = 0;
65static char be_verbose = 0; 45static char be_verbose = 0;
66static char *find_sym = NULL, *versioned_symname = NULL; 46static char be_wewy_wewy_quiet = 0;
47static char be_semi_verbose = 0;
48static char *find_sym = NULL;
49static char *find_lib = NULL;
50static array_t _find_lib_arr = array_init_decl, *find_lib_arr = &_find_lib_arr;
51static char *find_section = NULL;
52static array_t _find_section_arr = array_init_decl, *find_section_arr = &_find_section_arr;
67static char *out_format = NULL; 53static char *out_format = NULL;
54static char *search_path = NULL;
55static char fix_elf = 0;
56static char g_match = 0;
57static char use_ldcache = 0;
68 58
59static char **qa_textrels = NULL;
60static char **qa_execstack = NULL;
61static char **qa_wx_load = NULL;
62static int root_fd = AT_FDCWD;
69 63
64static int match_bits = 0;
65static unsigned int match_perms = 0;
66static void *ldcache = NULL;
67static size_t ldcache_size = 0;
68static unsigned long setpax = 0UL;
70 69
70static int has_objdump = 0;
71
72/* find the path to a file by name */
73static int bin_in_path(const char *fname)
74{
75 char fullpath[__PAX_UTILS_PATH_MAX];
76 char *path, *p;
77
78 path = getenv("PATH");
79 if (!path)
80 return 0;
81
82 while ((p = strrchr(path, ':')) != NULL) {
83 snprintf(fullpath, sizeof(fullpath), "%s/%s", p + 1, fname);
84 *p = 0;
85 if (access(fullpath, R_OK) != -1)
86 return 1;
87 }
88
89 return 0;
90}
91
92static FILE *fopenat_r(int dir_fd, const char *path)
93{
94 int fd = openat(dir_fd, path, O_RDONLY|O_CLOEXEC);
95 if (fd == -1)
96 return NULL;
97 return fdopen(fd, "re");
98}
99
100static const char *root_rel_path(const char *path)
101{
102 /*
103 * openat() will ignore the dirfd if path starts with
104 * a /, so consume all of that noise
105 *
106 * XXX: we don't handle relative paths like ../ that
107 * break out of the --root option, but for now, just
108 * don't do that :P.
109 */
110 if (root_fd != AT_FDCWD) {
111 while (*path == '/')
112 ++path;
113 if (*path == '\0')
114 path = ".";
115 }
116
117 return path;
118}
119
120/* 1 on failure. 0 otherwise */
121static int rematch(const char *regex, const char *match, int cflags)
122{
123 regex_t preg;
124 int ret;
125
126 if ((match == NULL) || (regex == NULL))
127 return EXIT_FAILURE;
128
129 if ((ret = regcomp(&preg, regex, cflags))) {
130 char err[256];
131
132 if (regerror(ret, &preg, err, sizeof(err)))
133 fprintf(stderr, "regcomp failed: %s", err);
134 else
135 fprintf(stderr, "regcomp failed");
136
137 return EXIT_FAILURE;
138 }
139 ret = regexec(&preg, match, 0, NULL, 0);
140 regfree(&preg);
141
142 return ret;
143}
144
71/* sub-funcs for scanelf_file() */ 145/* sub-funcs for scanelf_fileat() */
146static void scanelf_file_get_symtabs(elfobj *elf, void **sym, void **str)
147{
148 /* find the best SHT_DYNSYM and SHT_STRTAB sections */
149
150 /* debug sections */
151 void *symtab = elf_findsecbyname(elf, ".symtab");
152 void *strtab = elf_findsecbyname(elf, ".strtab");
153 /* runtime sections */
154 void *dynsym = elf_findsecbyname(elf, ".dynsym");
155 void *dynstr = elf_findsecbyname(elf, ".dynstr");
156
157#define GET_SYMTABS(B) \
158 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \
159 if (symtab && dynsym) { \
160 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *esymtab = symtab; \
161 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *edynsym = dynsym; \
162 *sym = (EGET(esymtab->sh_size) > EGET(edynsym->sh_size)) ? symtab : dynsym; \
163 } else \
164 *sym = symtab ? symtab : dynsym; \
165 if (strtab && dynstr) { \
166 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *estrtab = strtab; \
167 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *edynstr = dynstr; \
168 *str = (EGET(estrtab->sh_size) > EGET(edynstr->sh_size)) ? strtab : dynstr; \
169 } else \
170 *str = strtab ? strtab : dynstr; \
171 }
172 GET_SYMTABS(32)
173 GET_SYMTABS(64)
174
175 if (*sym && *str)
176 return;
177
178 /*
179 * damn, they're really going to make us work for it huh?
180 * reconstruct the section header info out of the dynamic
181 * tags so we can see what symbols this guy uses at runtime.
182 */
183#define GET_SYMTABS_DT(B) \
184 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \
185 size_t i; \
186 static Elf ## B ## _Shdr sym_shdr, str_shdr; \
187 Elf ## B ## _Ehdr *ehdr = EHDR ## B (elf->ehdr); \
188 Elf ## B ## _Phdr *phdr = PHDR ## B (elf->phdr); \
189 Elf ## B ## _Addr vsym, vstr, vhash, vgnu_hash; \
190 Elf ## B ## _Dyn *dyn; \
191 Elf ## B ## _Off offset; \
192 \
193 /* lookup symbols used at runtime with DT_SYMTAB / DT_STRTAB */ \
194 vsym = vstr = vhash = vgnu_hash = 0; \
195 memset(&sym_shdr, 0, sizeof(sym_shdr)); \
196 memset(&str_shdr, 0, sizeof(str_shdr)); \
197 for (i = 0; i < EGET(ehdr->e_phnum); i++) { \
198 if (EGET(phdr[i].p_type) != PT_DYNAMIC) \
199 continue; \
200 \
201 offset = EGET(phdr[i].p_offset); \
202 if (offset >= elf->len - sizeof(Elf ## B ## _Dyn)) \
203 continue; \
204 \
205 dyn = DYN ## B (elf->vdata + offset); \
206 while (EGET(dyn->d_tag) != DT_NULL) { \
207 switch (EGET(dyn->d_tag)) { \
208 case DT_SYMTAB: vsym = EGET(dyn->d_un.d_val); break; \
209 case DT_SYMENT: sym_shdr.sh_entsize = dyn->d_un.d_val; break; \
210 case DT_STRTAB: vstr = EGET(dyn->d_un.d_val); break; \
211 case DT_STRSZ: str_shdr.sh_size = dyn->d_un.d_val; break; \
212 case DT_HASH: vhash = EGET(dyn->d_un.d_val); break; \
213 /*case DT_GNU_HASH: vgnu_hash = EGET(dyn->d_un.d_val); break;*/ \
214 } \
215 ++dyn; \
216 } \
217 if (vsym && vstr) \
218 break; \
219 } \
220 if (!vsym || !vstr || !(vhash || vgnu_hash)) \
221 return; \
222 \
223 /* calc offset into the ELF by finding the load addr of the syms */ \
224 for (i = 0; i < EGET(ehdr->e_phnum); i++) { \
225 Elf ## B ## _Addr vaddr = EGET(phdr[i].p_vaddr); \
226 Elf ## B ## _Addr filesz = EGET(phdr[i].p_filesz); \
227 offset = EGET(phdr[i].p_offset); \
228 \
229 if (EGET(phdr[i].p_type) != PT_LOAD) \
230 continue; \
231 \
232 if (vhash >= vaddr && vhash < vaddr + filesz) { \
233 /* Scan the hash table to see how many entries we have */ \
234 Elf32_Word max_sym_idx = 0; \
235 Elf32_Word *hashtbl = elf->vdata + offset + (vhash - vaddr); \
236 Elf32_Word b, nbuckets = EGET(hashtbl[0]); \
237 Elf32_Word nchains = EGET(hashtbl[1]); \
238 Elf32_Word *buckets = &hashtbl[2]; \
239 Elf32_Word *chains = &buckets[nbuckets]; \
240 Elf32_Word sym_idx; \
241 \
242 for (b = 0; b < nbuckets; ++b) { \
243 if (!buckets[b]) \
244 continue; \
245 for (sym_idx = buckets[b]; sym_idx < nchains && sym_idx; sym_idx = chains[sym_idx]) \
246 if (max_sym_idx < sym_idx) \
247 max_sym_idx = sym_idx; \
248 } \
249 ESET(sym_shdr.sh_size, sym_shdr.sh_entsize * max_sym_idx); \
250 } \
251 \
252 if (vsym >= vaddr && vsym < vaddr + filesz) { \
253 ESET(sym_shdr.sh_offset, offset + (vsym - vaddr)); \
254 *sym = &sym_shdr; \
255 } \
256 \
257 if (vstr >= vaddr && vstr < vaddr + filesz) { \
258 ESET(str_shdr.sh_offset, offset + (vstr - vaddr)); \
259 *str = &str_shdr; \
260 } \
261 } \
262 }
263 GET_SYMTABS_DT(32)
264 GET_SYMTABS_DT(64)
265}
266
72static void scanelf_file_pax(elfobj *elf, char *found_pax) 267static char *scanelf_file_pax(elfobj *elf, char *found_pax)
73{ 268{
74 char *paxflags; 269 static char ret[7];
270 unsigned long i, shown;
271
75 if (!show_pax) return; 272 if (!show_pax) return NULL;
76 273
77 paxflags = pax_short_hf_flags(PAX_FLAGS(elf)); 274 shown = 0;
78 if (!be_quiet || (be_quiet && strncmp(paxflags, "PeMRxS", 6))) { 275 memset(&ret, 0, sizeof(ret));
79 *found_pax = 1; 276
80 printf("%s ", pax_short_hf_flags(PAX_FLAGS(elf))); 277 if (elf->phdr) {
81 }
82}
83static void scanelf_file_stack(elfobj *elf, char *found_stack, char *found_relro)
84{
85 int i;
86 if (!show_stack) return;
87#define SHOW_STACK(B) \ 278#define SHOW_PAX(B) \
88 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \ 279 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \
89 Elf ## B ## _Ehdr *ehdr = EHDR ## B (elf->ehdr); \ 280 Elf ## B ## _Ehdr *ehdr = EHDR ## B (elf->ehdr); \
90 Elf ## B ## _Phdr *phdr = PHDR ## B (elf->phdr); \ 281 Elf ## B ## _Phdr *phdr = PHDR ## B (elf->phdr); \
91 for (i = 0; i < EGET(ehdr->e_phnum); i++) { \ 282 for (i = 0; i < EGET(ehdr->e_phnum); i++) { \
92 if (EGET(phdr[i].p_type) != PT_GNU_STACK && \ 283 if (EGET(phdr[i].p_type) != PT_PAX_FLAGS) \
93 EGET(phdr[i].p_type) != PT_GNU_RELRO) continue; \
94 if (be_quiet && !(EGET(phdr[i].p_flags) & PF_X)) \
95 continue; \ 284 continue; \
96 if (EGET(phdr[i].p_type) == PT_GNU_STACK) \ 285 if (fix_elf && setpax) { \
286 /* set the paxctl flags */ \
287 ESET(phdr[i].p_flags, setpax); \
288 } \
289 if (be_quiet && (EGET(phdr[i].p_flags) == (PF_NOEMUTRAMP | PF_NORANDEXEC))) \
290 continue; \
291 memcpy(ret, pax_short_pf_flags(EGET(phdr[i].p_flags)), 6); \
97 *found_stack = 1; \ 292 *found_pax = 1; \
98 if (EGET(phdr[i].p_type) == PT_GNU_RELRO) \ 293 ++shown; \
99 *found_relro = 1; \ 294 break; \
100 printf("%s ", gnu_short_stack_flags(EGET(phdr[i].p_flags))); \
101 } \ 295 } \
102 } 296 }
103 SHOW_STACK(32) 297 SHOW_PAX(32)
104 SHOW_STACK(64) 298 SHOW_PAX(64)
105 if (!be_quiet && !*found_stack) printf("--- "); 299 }
106 if (!be_quiet && !*found_relro) printf("--- "); 300
301 if (fix_elf && setpax) {
302 /* set the chpax settings */
303 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS32) {
304 if (EHDR32(elf->ehdr)->e_type == ET_DYN || EHDR32(elf->ehdr)->e_type == ET_EXEC)
305 ESET(EHDR32(elf->ehdr)->e_ident[EI_PAX], pax_pf2hf_flags(setpax));
306 } else {
307 if (EHDR64(elf->ehdr)->e_type == ET_DYN || EHDR64(elf->ehdr)->e_type == ET_EXEC)
308 ESET(EHDR64(elf->ehdr)->e_ident[EI_PAX], pax_pf2hf_flags(setpax));
309 }
310 }
311
312 /* fall back to EI_PAX if no PT_PAX was found */
313 if (!*ret) {
314 static char *paxflags;
315 paxflags = pax_short_hf_flags(EI_PAX_FLAGS(elf));
316 if (!be_quiet || (be_quiet && EI_PAX_FLAGS(elf))) {
317 *found_pax = 1;
318 return (be_wewy_wewy_quiet ? NULL : paxflags);
319 }
320 strncpy(ret, paxflags, sizeof(ret));
321 }
322
323 if (be_wewy_wewy_quiet || (be_quiet && !shown))
324 return NULL;
325 else
326 return ret;
107} 327}
328
329static char *scanelf_file_phdr(elfobj *elf, char *found_phdr, char *found_relro, char *found_load)
330{
331 static char ret[12];
332 char *found;
333 unsigned long i, shown, multi_stack, multi_relro, multi_load;
334 int max_pt_load;
335
336 if (!show_phdr) return NULL;
337
338 memcpy(ret, "--- --- ---\0", 12);
339
340 shown = 0;
341 multi_stack = multi_relro = multi_load = 0;
342 max_pt_load = elf_max_pt_load(elf);
343
344#define NOTE_GNU_STACK ".note.GNU-stack"
345#define SHOW_PHDR(B) \
346 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \
347 Elf ## B ## _Ehdr *ehdr = EHDR ## B (elf->ehdr); \
348 Elf ## B ## _Off offset; \
349 uint32_t flags, check_flags; \
350 if (elf->phdr != NULL) { \
351 Elf ## B ## _Phdr *phdr = PHDR ## B (elf->phdr); \
352 for (i = 0; i < EGET(ehdr->e_phnum); ++i) { \
353 if (EGET(phdr[i].p_type) == PT_GNU_STACK) { \
354 if (multi_stack++) \
355 warnf("%s: multiple PT_GNU_STACK's !?", elf->filename); \
356 if (file_matches_list(elf->filename, qa_execstack)) \
357 continue; \
358 found = found_phdr; \
359 offset = 0; \
360 check_flags = PF_X; \
361 } else if (EGET(phdr[i].p_type) == PT_GNU_RELRO) { \
362 if (multi_relro++) \
363 warnf("%s: multiple PT_GNU_RELRO's !?", elf->filename); \
364 found = found_relro; \
365 offset = 4; \
366 check_flags = PF_X; \
367 } else if (EGET(phdr[i].p_type) == PT_LOAD) { \
368 if (EGET(ehdr->e_type) == ET_DYN || EGET(ehdr->e_type) == ET_EXEC) \
369 if (multi_load++ > max_pt_load) \
370 warnf("%s: more than %i PT_LOAD's !?", elf->filename, max_pt_load); \
371 if (file_matches_list(elf->filename, qa_wx_load)) \
372 continue; \
373 found = found_load; \
374 offset = 8; \
375 check_flags = PF_W|PF_X; \
376 } else \
377 continue; \
378 flags = EGET(phdr[i].p_flags); \
379 if (be_quiet && ((flags & check_flags) != check_flags)) \
380 continue; \
381 if ((EGET(phdr[i].p_type) != PT_LOAD) && (fix_elf && ((flags & PF_X) != flags))) { \
382 ESET(phdr[i].p_flags, flags & (PF_X ^ (size_t)-1)); \
383 ret[3] = ret[7] = '!'; \
384 flags = EGET(phdr[i].p_flags); \
385 } \
386 memcpy(ret+offset, gnu_short_stack_flags(flags), 3); \
387 *found = 1; \
388 ++shown; \
389 } \
390 } else if (elf->shdr != NULL) { \
391 /* no program headers which means this is prob an object file */ \
392 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *shdr = SHDR ## B (elf->shdr); \
393 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *strtbl = shdr + EGET(ehdr->e_shstrndx); \
394 char *str; \
395 if ((void*)strtbl > elf->data_end) \
396 goto skip_this_shdr##B; \
397 check_flags = SHF_WRITE|SHF_EXECINSTR; \
398 for (i = 0; i < EGET(ehdr->e_shnum); ++i) { \
399 if (EGET(shdr[i].sh_type) != SHT_PROGBITS) continue; \
400 offset = EGET(strtbl->sh_offset) + EGET(shdr[i].sh_name); \
401 str = elf->data + offset; \
402 if (str > elf->data + offset + sizeof(NOTE_GNU_STACK)) continue; \
403 if (!strcmp(str, NOTE_GNU_STACK)) { \
404 if (multi_stack++) warnf("%s: multiple .note.GNU-stack's !?", elf->filename); \
405 flags = EGET(shdr[i].sh_flags); \
406 if (be_quiet && ((flags & check_flags) != check_flags)) \
407 continue; \
408 ++*found_phdr; \
409 shown = 1; \
410 if (flags & SHF_WRITE) ret[0] = 'W'; \
411 if (flags & SHF_ALLOC) ret[1] = 'A'; \
412 if (flags & SHF_EXECINSTR) ret[2] = 'X'; \
413 if (flags & 0xFFFFFFF8) warn("Invalid section flags for GNU-stack"); \
414 break; \
415 } \
416 } \
417 skip_this_shdr##B: \
418 if (!multi_stack) { \
419 if (file_matches_list(elf->filename, qa_execstack)) \
420 return NULL; \
421 *found_phdr = 1; \
422 shown = 1; \
423 memcpy(ret, "!WX", 3); \
424 } \
425 } \
426 }
427 SHOW_PHDR(32)
428 SHOW_PHDR(64)
429
430 if (be_wewy_wewy_quiet || (be_quiet && !shown))
431 return NULL;
432 else
433 return ret;
434}
435
436/*
437 * See if this ELF contains a DT_TEXTREL tag in any of its
438 * PT_DYNAMIC sections.
439 */
108static void scanelf_file_textrel(elfobj *elf, char *found_textrel) 440static const char *scanelf_file_textrel(elfobj *elf, char *found_textrel)
109{ 441{
110 int i; 442 static const char *ret = "TEXTREL";
111 if (!show_textrel) return; 443 unsigned long i;
444
445 if (!show_textrel && !show_textrels) return NULL;
446
447 if (file_matches_list(elf->filename, qa_textrels)) return NULL;
448
449 if (elf->phdr) {
112#define SHOW_TEXTREL(B) \ 450#define SHOW_TEXTREL(B) \
113 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \ 451 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \
114 Elf ## B ## _Dyn *dyn; \ 452 Elf ## B ## _Dyn *dyn; \
115 Elf ## B ## _Ehdr *ehdr = EHDR ## B (elf->ehdr); \ 453 Elf ## B ## _Ehdr *ehdr = EHDR ## B (elf->ehdr); \
116 Elf ## B ## _Phdr *phdr = PHDR ## B (elf->phdr); \ 454 Elf ## B ## _Phdr *phdr = PHDR ## B (elf->phdr); \
455 Elf ## B ## _Off offset; \
117 for (i = 0; i < EGET(ehdr->e_phnum); i++) { \ 456 for (i = 0; i < EGET(ehdr->e_phnum); i++) { \
118 if (phdr[i].p_type != PT_DYNAMIC) continue; \ 457 if (EGET(phdr[i].p_type) != PT_DYNAMIC || EGET(phdr[i].p_filesz) == 0) continue; \
458 offset = EGET(phdr[i].p_offset); \
459 if (offset >= elf->len - sizeof(Elf ## B ## _Dyn)) continue; \
119 dyn = DYN ## B (elf->data + EGET(phdr[i].p_offset)); \ 460 dyn = DYN ## B (elf->vdata + offset); \
120 while (EGET(dyn->d_tag) != DT_NULL) { \ 461 while (EGET(dyn->d_tag) != DT_NULL) { \
121 if (EGET(dyn->d_tag) == DT_TEXTREL) { /*dyn->d_tag != DT_FLAGS)*/ \ 462 if (EGET(dyn->d_tag) == DT_TEXTREL) { /*dyn->d_tag != DT_FLAGS)*/ \
122 *found_textrel = 1; \ 463 *found_textrel = 1; \
123 /*if (dyn->d_un.d_val & DF_TEXTREL)*/ \ 464 /*if (dyn->d_un.d_val & DF_TEXTREL)*/ \
124 printf("TEXTREL "); \ 465 return (be_wewy_wewy_quiet ? NULL : ret); \
125 } \ 466 } \
126 ++dyn; \ 467 ++dyn; \
127 } \ 468 } \
128 } } 469 } }
129 SHOW_TEXTREL(32) 470 SHOW_TEXTREL(32)
130 SHOW_TEXTREL(64) 471 SHOW_TEXTREL(64)
131 if (!be_quiet && !*found_textrel) printf("------- "); 472 }
473
474 if (be_quiet || be_wewy_wewy_quiet)
475 return NULL;
476 else
477 return " - ";
132} 478}
479
480/*
481 * Scan the .text section to see if there are any relocations in it.
482 * Should rewrite this to check PT_LOAD sections that are marked
483 * Executable rather than the section named '.text'.
484 */
485static char *scanelf_file_textrels(elfobj *elf, char *found_textrels, char *found_textrel)
486{
487 unsigned long s, r, rmax;
488 void *symtab_void, *strtab_void, *text_void;
489
490 if (!show_textrels) return NULL;
491
492 /* don't search for TEXTREL's if the ELF doesn't have any */
493 if (!*found_textrel) scanelf_file_textrel(elf, found_textrel);
494 if (!*found_textrel) return NULL;
495
496 scanelf_file_get_symtabs(elf, &symtab_void, &strtab_void);
497 text_void = elf_findsecbyname(elf, ".text");
498
499 if (symtab_void && strtab_void && text_void && elf->shdr) {
500#define SHOW_TEXTRELS(B) \
501 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \
502 Elf ## B ## _Ehdr *ehdr = EHDR ## B (elf->ehdr); \
503 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *shdr = SHDR ## B (elf->shdr); \
504 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *symtab = SHDR ## B (symtab_void); \
505 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *strtab = SHDR ## B (strtab_void); \
506 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *text = SHDR ## B (text_void); \
507 Elf ## B ## _Addr vaddr = EGET(text->sh_addr); \
508 uint ## B ## _t memsz = EGET(text->sh_size); \
509 Elf ## B ## _Rel *rel; \
510 Elf ## B ## _Rela *rela; \
511 /* search the section headers for relocations */ \
512 for (s = 0; s < EGET(ehdr->e_shnum); ++s) { \
513 uint32_t sh_type = EGET(shdr[s].sh_type); \
514 if (sh_type == SHT_REL) { \
515 rel = REL ## B (elf->vdata + EGET(shdr[s].sh_offset)); \
516 rela = NULL; \
517 rmax = EGET(shdr[s].sh_size) / sizeof(*rel); \
518 } else if (sh_type == SHT_RELA) { \
519 rel = NULL; \
520 rela = RELA ## B (elf->vdata + EGET(shdr[s].sh_offset)); \
521 rmax = EGET(shdr[s].sh_size) / sizeof(*rela); \
522 } else \
523 continue; \
524 /* now see if any of the relocs are in the .text */ \
525 for (r = 0; r < rmax; ++r) { \
526 unsigned long sym_max; \
527 Elf ## B ## _Addr offset_tmp; \
528 Elf ## B ## _Sym *func; \
529 Elf ## B ## _Sym *sym; \
530 Elf ## B ## _Addr r_offset; \
531 uint ## B ## _t r_info; \
532 if (sh_type == SHT_REL) { \
533 r_offset = EGET(rel[r].r_offset); \
534 r_info = EGET(rel[r].r_info); \
535 } else { \
536 r_offset = EGET(rela[r].r_offset); \
537 r_info = EGET(rela[r].r_info); \
538 } \
539 /* make sure this relocation is inside of the .text */ \
540 if (r_offset < vaddr || r_offset >= vaddr + memsz) { \
541 if (be_verbose <= 2) continue; \
542 } else \
543 *found_textrels = 1; \
544 /* locate this relocation symbol name */ \
545 sym = SYM ## B (elf->vdata + EGET(symtab->sh_offset)); \
546 if ((void*)sym > elf->data_end) { \
547 warn("%s: corrupt ELF symbol", elf->filename); \
548 continue; \
549 } \
550 sym_max = ELF ## B ## _R_SYM(r_info); \
551 if (sym_max * EGET(symtab->sh_entsize) < symtab->sh_size) \
552 sym += sym_max; \
553 else \
554 sym = NULL; \
555 sym_max = EGET(symtab->sh_size) / EGET(symtab->sh_entsize); \
556 /* show the raw details about this reloc */ \
557 printf(" %s: ", elf->base_filename); \
558 if (sym && sym->st_name) \
559 printf("%s", elf->data + EGET(strtab->sh_offset) + EGET(sym->st_name)); \
560 else \
561 printf("(memory/data?)"); \
562 printf(" [0x%lX]", (unsigned long)r_offset); \
563 /* now try to find the closest symbol that this rel is probably in */ \
564 sym = SYM ## B (elf->vdata + EGET(symtab->sh_offset)); \
565 func = NULL; \
566 offset_tmp = 0; \
567 while (sym_max--) { \
568 if (EGET(sym->st_value) < r_offset && EGET(sym->st_value) > offset_tmp) { \
569 func = sym; \
570 offset_tmp = EGET(sym->st_value); \
571 } \
572 ++sym; \
573 } \
574 printf(" in "); \
575 if (func && func->st_name) { \
576 const char *func_name = elf->data + EGET(strtab->sh_offset) + EGET(func->st_name); \
577 if (r_offset > EGET(func->st_size)) \
578 printf("(optimized out: previous %s)", func_name); \
579 else \
580 printf("%s", func_name); \
581 } else \
582 printf("(optimized out)"); \
583 printf(" [0x%lX]\n", (unsigned long)offset_tmp); \
584 if (be_verbose && has_objdump) { \
585 Elf ## B ## _Addr end_addr = offset_tmp + EGET(func->st_size); \
586 char *sysbuf; \
587 size_t syslen; \
588 const char sysfmt[] = "objdump -r -R -d -w -l --start-address=0x%lX --stop-address=0x%lX %s | grep --color -i -C 3 '.*[[:space:]]%lX:[[:space:]]*R_.*'\n"; \
589 syslen = sizeof(sysfmt) + strlen(elf->filename) + 3 * sizeof(unsigned long) + 1; \
590 sysbuf = xmalloc(syslen); \
591 if (end_addr < r_offset) \
592 /* not uncommon when things are optimized out */ \
593 end_addr = r_offset + 0x100; \
594 snprintf(sysbuf, syslen, sysfmt, \
595 (unsigned long)offset_tmp, \
596 (unsigned long)end_addr, \
597 elf->filename, \
598 (unsigned long)r_offset); \
599 fflush(stdout); \
600 if (system(sysbuf)) /* don't care */; \
601 fflush(stdout); \
602 free(sysbuf); \
603 } \
604 } \
605 } }
606 SHOW_TEXTRELS(32)
607 SHOW_TEXTRELS(64)
608 }
609 if (!*found_textrels)
610 warnf("ELF %s has TEXTREL markings but doesnt appear to have any real TEXTREL's !?", elf->filename);
611
612 return NULL;
613}
614
615static void rpath_security_checks(elfobj *elf, char *item, const char *dt_type)
616{
617 struct stat st;
618 switch (*item) {
619 case '/': break;
620 case '.':
621 warnf("Security problem with relative %s '%s' in %s", dt_type, item, elf->filename);
622 break;
623 case ':':
624 case '\0':
625 warnf("Security problem NULL %s in %s", dt_type, elf->filename);
626 break;
627 case '$':
628 if (fstat(elf->fd, &st) != -1)
629 if ((st.st_mode & S_ISUID) || (st.st_mode & S_ISGID))
630 warnf("Security problem with %s='%s' in %s with mode set of %o",
631 dt_type, item, elf->filename, (unsigned int) st.st_mode & 07777);
632 break;
633 default:
634 warnf("Maybe? sec problem with %s='%s' in %s", dt_type, item, elf->filename);
635 break;
636 }
637}
133static void scanelf_file_rpath(elfobj *elf, char *found_rpath) 638static void scanelf_file_rpath(elfobj *elf, char *found_rpath, char **ret, size_t *ret_len)
134{ 639{
135 /* TODO: if be_quiet, only output RPATH's which aren't in /etc/ld.so.conf */ 640 unsigned long i;
136 int i;
137 char *rpath, *runpath; 641 char *rpath, *runpath, **r;
138 void *strtbl_void; 642 void *strtbl_void;
139 643
140 if (!show_rpath) return; 644 if (!show_rpath) return;
141 645
142 strtbl_void = elf_findsecbyname(elf, ".dynstr"); 646 strtbl_void = elf_findsecbyname(elf, ".dynstr");
143 rpath = runpath = NULL; 647 rpath = runpath = NULL;
144 648
145 if (strtbl_void) { 649 if (elf->phdr && strtbl_void) {
146#define SHOW_RPATH(B) \ 650#define SHOW_RPATH(B) \
147 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \ 651 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \
148 Elf ## B ## _Dyn *dyn; \ 652 Elf ## B ## _Dyn *dyn; \
149 Elf ## B ## _Ehdr *ehdr = EHDR ## B (elf->ehdr); \ 653 Elf ## B ## _Ehdr *ehdr = EHDR ## B (elf->ehdr); \
150 Elf ## B ## _Phdr *phdr = PHDR ## B (elf->phdr); \ 654 Elf ## B ## _Phdr *phdr = PHDR ## B (elf->phdr); \
151 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *strtbl = SHDR ## B (strtbl_void); \ 655 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *strtbl = SHDR ## B (strtbl_void); \
656 Elf ## B ## _Off offset; \
657 Elf ## B ## _Xword word; \
658 /* Scan all the program headers */ \
152 for (i = 0; i < EGET(ehdr->e_phnum); i++) { \ 659 for (i = 0; i < EGET(ehdr->e_phnum); i++) { \
660 /* Just scan dynamic headers */ \
153 if (EGET(phdr[i].p_type) != PT_DYNAMIC) continue; \ 661 if (EGET(phdr[i].p_type) != PT_DYNAMIC || EGET(phdr[i].p_filesz) == 0) continue; \
662 offset = EGET(phdr[i].p_offset); \
663 if (offset >= elf->len - sizeof(Elf ## B ## _Dyn)) continue; \
664 /* Just scan dynamic RPATH/RUNPATH headers */ \
154 dyn = DYN ## B (elf->data + EGET(phdr[i].p_offset)); \ 665 dyn = DYN ## B (elf->vdata + offset); \
155 while (EGET(dyn->d_tag) != DT_NULL) { \ 666 while ((word=EGET(dyn->d_tag)) != DT_NULL) { \
156 if (EGET(dyn->d_tag) == DT_RPATH) { \ 667 if (word == DT_RPATH) { \
668 r = &rpath; \
669 } else if (word == DT_RUNPATH) { \
670 r = &runpath; \
671 } else { \
672 ++dyn; \
673 continue; \
674 } \
675 /* Verify the memory is somewhat sane */ \
157 rpath = elf->data + EGET(strtbl->sh_offset) + EGET(dyn->d_un.d_ptr); \ 676 offset = EGET(strtbl->sh_offset) + EGET(dyn->d_un.d_ptr); \
677 if (offset < (Elf ## B ## _Off)elf->len) { \
678 if (*r) warn("ELF has multiple %s's !?", get_elfdtype(word)); \
679 *r = elf->data + offset; \
680 /* cache the length in case we need to nuke this section later on */ \
681 if (fix_elf) \
682 offset = strlen(*r); \
683 /* If quiet, don't output paths in ld.so.conf */ \
684 if (be_quiet) { \
685 size_t len; \
686 char *start, *end; \
687 /* note that we only 'chop' off leading known paths. */ \
688 /* since *r is read-only memory, we can only move the ptr forward. */ \
689 start = *r; \
690 /* scan each path in : delimited list */ \
691 while (start) { \
692 rpath_security_checks(elf, start, get_elfdtype(word)); \
693 end = strchr(start, ':'); \
694 len = (end ? abs(end - start) : strlen(start)); \
695 if (use_ldcache) { \
696 size_t n; \
697 const char *ldpath; \
698 array_for_each(ldpaths, n, ldpath) \
699 if (!strncmp(ldpath, start, len) && !ldpath[len]) { \
700 *r = end; \
701 /* corner case ... if RPATH reads "/usr/lib:", we want \
702 * to show ':' rather than '' */ \
703 if (end && end[1] != '\0') \
704 (*r)++; \
705 break; \
706 } \
707 } \
708 if (!*r || !end) \
709 break; \
710 else \
711 start = start + len + 1; \
712 } \
713 } \
714 if (*r) { \
715 if (fix_elf > 2 || (fix_elf && **r == '\0')) { \
716 /* just nuke it */ \
717 nuke_it##B: \
718 memset(*r, 0x00, offset); \
719 *r = NULL; \
720 ESET(dyn->d_tag, DT_DEBUG); \
721 ESET(dyn->d_un.d_ptr, 0); \
722 } else if (fix_elf) { \
723 /* try to clean "bad" paths */ \
724 size_t len, tmpdir_len; \
725 char *start, *end; \
726 const char *tmpdir; \
727 start = *r; \
728 tmpdir = (getenv("TMPDIR") ? : "."); \
729 tmpdir_len = strlen(tmpdir); \
730 while (1) { \
731 end = strchr(start, ':'); \
732 if (start == end) { \
733 eat_this_path##B: \
734 len = strlen(end); \
735 memmove(start, end+1, len); \
736 start[len-1] = '\0'; \
737 end = start - 1; \
738 } else if (tmpdir && !strncmp(start, tmpdir, tmpdir_len)) { \
739 if (!end) { \
740 if (start == *r) \
741 goto nuke_it##B; \
742 *--start = '\0'; \
743 } else \
744 goto eat_this_path##B; \
745 } \
746 if (!end) \
747 break; \
748 start = end + 1; \
749 } \
750 if (**r == '\0') \
751 goto nuke_it##B; \
752 } \
753 if (*r) \
158 *found_rpath = 1; \ 754 *found_rpath = 1; \
159 } else if (EGET(dyn->d_tag) == DT_RUNPATH) { \ 755 } \
160 runpath = elf->data + EGET(strtbl->sh_offset) + EGET(dyn->d_un.d_ptr); \
161 *found_rpath = 1; \
162 } \ 756 } \
163 ++dyn; \ 757 ++dyn; \
164 } \ 758 } \
165 } } 759 } }
166 SHOW_RPATH(32) 760 SHOW_RPATH(32)
167 SHOW_RPATH(64) 761 SHOW_RPATH(64)
168 } 762 }
763
764 if (be_wewy_wewy_quiet) return;
765
169 if (rpath && runpath) { 766 if (rpath && runpath) {
170 if (!strcmp(rpath, runpath)) 767 if (!strcmp(rpath, runpath)) {
171 printf("%-5s ", runpath); 768 xstrcat(ret, runpath, ret_len);
172 else { 769 } else {
173 fprintf(stderr, "RPATH [%s] != RUNPATH [%s]\n", rpath, runpath); 770 fprintf(stderr, "RPATH [%s] != RUNPATH [%s]\n", rpath, runpath);
174 printf("{%s,%s} ", rpath, runpath); 771 xchrcat(ret, '{', ret_len);
772 xstrcat(ret, rpath, ret_len);
773 xchrcat(ret, ',', ret_len);
774 xstrcat(ret, runpath, ret_len);
775 xchrcat(ret, '}', ret_len);
175 } 776 }
176 } else if (rpath || runpath) 777 } else if (rpath || runpath)
177 printf("%-5s ", (runpath ? runpath : rpath)); 778 xstrcat(ret, (runpath ? runpath : rpath), ret_len);
178 else if (!be_quiet && !*found_rpath) 779 else if (!be_quiet)
179 printf(" - "); 780 xstrcat(ret, " - ", ret_len);
180} 781}
181static void scanelf_file_needed(elfobj *elf, char *found_needed) 782
783#define LDSO_CACHE_MAGIC "ld.so-"
784#define LDSO_CACHE_MAGIC_LEN (sizeof LDSO_CACHE_MAGIC -1)
785#define LDSO_CACHE_VER "1.7.0"
786#define LDSO_CACHE_VER_LEN (sizeof LDSO_CACHE_VER -1)
787#define FLAG_ANY -1
788#define FLAG_TYPE_MASK 0x00ff
789#define FLAG_LIBC4 0x0000
790#define FLAG_ELF 0x0001
791#define FLAG_ELF_LIBC5 0x0002
792#define FLAG_ELF_LIBC6 0x0003
793#define FLAG_REQUIRED_MASK 0xff00
794#define FLAG_SPARC_LIB64 0x0100
795#define FLAG_IA64_LIB64 0x0200
796#define FLAG_X8664_LIB64 0x0300
797#define FLAG_S390_LIB64 0x0400
798#define FLAG_POWERPC_LIB64 0x0500
799#define FLAG_MIPS64_LIBN32 0x0600
800#define FLAG_MIPS64_LIBN64 0x0700
801
802#if defined(__GLIBC__) || defined(__UCLIBC__)
803
804static char *lookup_cache_lib(elfobj *elf, char *fname)
182{ 805{
183 int i; 806 int fd;
807 char *strs;
808 static char buf[__PAX_UTILS_PATH_MAX] = "";
809 const char *cachefile = root_rel_path("/etc/ld.so.cache");
810 struct stat st;
811
812 typedef struct {
813 char magic[LDSO_CACHE_MAGIC_LEN];
814 char version[LDSO_CACHE_VER_LEN];
815 int nlibs;
816 } header_t;
817 header_t *header;
818
819 typedef struct {
820 int flags;
821 int sooffset;
822 int liboffset;
823 } libentry_t;
824 libentry_t *libent;
825
826 if (fname == NULL)
827 return NULL;
828
829 if (ldcache == NULL) {
830 if (fstatat(root_fd, cachefile, &st, 0))
831 return NULL;
832
833 fd = openat(root_fd, cachefile, O_RDONLY);
834 if (fd == -1)
835 return NULL;
836
837 /* cache these values so we only map/unmap the cache file once */
838 ldcache_size = st.st_size;
839 header = ldcache = mmap(0, ldcache_size, PROT_READ, MAP_SHARED, fd, 0);
840 close(fd);
841
842 if (ldcache == MAP_FAILED) {
843 ldcache = NULL;
844 return NULL;
845 }
846
847 if (memcmp(header->magic, LDSO_CACHE_MAGIC, LDSO_CACHE_MAGIC_LEN) ||
848 memcmp(header->version, LDSO_CACHE_VER, LDSO_CACHE_VER_LEN))
849 {
850 munmap(ldcache, ldcache_size);
851 ldcache = NULL;
852 return NULL;
853 }
854 } else
855 header = ldcache;
856
857 libent = ldcache + sizeof(header_t);
858 strs = (char *) &libent[header->nlibs];
859
860 for (fd = 0; fd < header->nlibs; ++fd) {
861 /* This should be more fine grained, but for now we assume that
862 * diff arches will not be cached together, and we ignore the
863 * the different multilib mips cases.
864 */
865 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS64 && !(libent[fd].flags & FLAG_REQUIRED_MASK))
866 continue;
867 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS32 && (libent[fd].flags & FLAG_REQUIRED_MASK))
868 continue;
869
870 if (strcmp(fname, strs + libent[fd].sooffset) != 0)
871 continue;
872
873 /* Return first hit because that is how the ldso rolls */
874 strncpy(buf, strs + libent[fd].liboffset, sizeof(buf));
875 break;
876 }
877
878 return buf;
879}
880
881#elif defined(__NetBSD__)
882static char *lookup_cache_lib(elfobj *elf, char *fname)
883{
884 static char buf[__PAX_UTILS_PATH_MAX] = "";
885 static struct stat st;
886 size_t n;
887 char *ldpath;
888
889 array_for_each(ldpath, n, ldpath) {
890 if ((unsigned) snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%s/%s", ldpath, fname) >= sizeof(buf))
891 continue; /* if the pathname is too long, or something went wrong, ignore */
892
893 if (stat(buf, &st) != 0)
894 continue; /* if the lib doesn't exist in *ldpath, look further */
895
896 /* NetBSD doesn't actually do sanity checks, it just loads the file
897 * and if that doesn't work, continues looking in other directories.
898 * This cannot easily be safely emulated, unfortunately. For now,
899 * just assume that if it exists, it's a valid library. */
900
901 return buf;
902 }
903
904 /* not found in any path */
905 return NULL;
906}
907#else
908#ifdef __ELF__
909#warning Cache support not implemented for your target
910#endif
911static char *lookup_cache_lib(elfobj *elf, char *fname)
912{
913 return NULL;
914}
915#endif
916
917static const char *scanelf_file_needed_lib(elfobj *elf, char *found_needed, char *found_lib, int op, char **ret, size_t *ret_len)
918{
919 unsigned long i;
184 char *needed; 920 char *needed;
185 void *strtbl_void; 921 void *strtbl_void;
922 char *p;
186 923
187 if (!show_needed) return; 924 /*
925 * -n -> op==0 -> print all
926 * -N -> op==1 -> print requested
927 */
928 if ((op == 0 && !show_needed) || (op == 1 && !find_lib))
929 return NULL;
188 930
189 strtbl_void = elf_findsecbyname(elf, ".dynstr"); 931 strtbl_void = elf_findsecbyname(elf, ".dynstr");
190 932
191 if (strtbl_void) { 933 if (elf->phdr && strtbl_void) {
192#define SHOW_NEEDED(B) \ 934#define SHOW_NEEDED(B) \
193 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \ 935 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \
194 Elf ## B ## _Dyn *dyn; \ 936 Elf ## B ## _Dyn *dyn; \
195 Elf ## B ## _Ehdr *ehdr = EHDR ## B (elf->ehdr); \ 937 Elf ## B ## _Ehdr *ehdr = EHDR ## B (elf->ehdr); \
196 Elf ## B ## _Phdr *phdr = PHDR ## B (elf->phdr); \ 938 Elf ## B ## _Phdr *phdr = PHDR ## B (elf->phdr); \
197 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *strtbl = SHDR ## B (strtbl_void); \ 939 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *strtbl = SHDR ## B (strtbl_void); \
940 Elf ## B ## _Off offset; \
941 size_t matched = 0; \
942 /* Walk all the program headers to find the PT_DYNAMIC */ \
198 for (i = 0; i < EGET(ehdr->e_phnum); i++) { \ 943 for (i = 0; i < EGET(ehdr->e_phnum); i++) { \
199 if (EGET(phdr[i].p_type) != PT_DYNAMIC) continue; \ 944 if (EGET(phdr[i].p_type) != PT_DYNAMIC || EGET(phdr[i].p_filesz) == 0) \
945 continue; \
946 offset = EGET(phdr[i].p_offset); \
947 if (offset >= elf->len - sizeof(Elf ## B ## _Dyn)) \
948 continue; \
949 /* Walk all the dynamic tags to find NEEDED entries */ \
200 dyn = DYN ## B (elf->data + EGET(phdr[i].p_offset)); \ 950 dyn = DYN ## B (elf->vdata + offset); \
201 while (EGET(dyn->d_tag) != DT_NULL) { \ 951 while (EGET(dyn->d_tag) != DT_NULL) { \
202 if (EGET(dyn->d_tag) == DT_NEEDED) { \ 952 if (EGET(dyn->d_tag) == DT_NEEDED) { \
203 needed = elf->data + EGET(strtbl->sh_offset) + EGET(dyn->d_un.d_ptr); \ 953 offset = EGET(strtbl->sh_offset) + EGET(dyn->d_un.d_ptr); \
204 if (*found_needed) printf(","); \ 954 if (offset >= (Elf ## B ## _Off)elf->len) { \
205 printf("%s", needed); \ 955 ++dyn; \
956 continue; \
957 } \
958 needed = elf->data + offset; \
959 if (op == 0) { \
960 /* -n -> print all entries */ \
961 if (!be_wewy_wewy_quiet) { \
962 if (*found_needed) xchrcat(ret, ',', ret_len); \
963 if (use_ldcache) \
964 if ((p = lookup_cache_lib(elf, needed)) != NULL) \
965 needed = p; \
966 xstrcat(ret, needed, ret_len); \
967 } \
206 *found_needed = 1; \ 968 *found_needed = 1; \
969 } else { \
970 /* -N -> print matching entries */ \
971 size_t n; \
972 const char *find_lib_name; \
973 \
974 array_for_each(find_lib_arr, n, find_lib_name) { \
975 int invert = 1; \
976 if (find_lib_name[0] == '!') \
977 invert = 0, ++find_lib_name; \
978 if (!strcmp(find_lib_name, needed) == invert) \
979 ++matched; \
980 } \
981 \
982 if (matched == array_cnt(find_lib_arr)) { \
983 *found_lib = 1; \
984 return (be_wewy_wewy_quiet ? NULL : find_lib); \
985 } \
986 } \
207 } \ 987 } \
208 ++dyn; \ 988 ++dyn; \
209 } \ 989 } \
210 } } 990 } }
211 SHOW_NEEDED(32) 991 SHOW_NEEDED(32)
212 SHOW_NEEDED(64) 992 SHOW_NEEDED(64)
993 if (op == 0 && !*found_needed && be_verbose)
994 warn("ELF lacks DT_NEEDED sections: %s", elf->filename);
213 } 995 }
214 if (!be_quiet && !*found_needed) 996
215 printf(" - "); 997 return NULL;
216 else if (*found_needed)
217 printf(" ");
218} 998}
219static void scanelf_file_interp(elfobj *elf, char *found_interp) 999static char *scanelf_file_interp(elfobj *elf, char *found_interp)
220{ 1000{
221 void *strtbl_void; 1001 void *strtbl_void;
222 1002
223 if (!show_interp) return; 1003 if (!show_interp) return NULL;
224 1004
225 strtbl_void = elf_findsecbyname(elf, ".interp"); 1005 strtbl_void = elf_findsecbyname(elf, ".interp");
226 1006
227 if (strtbl_void) { 1007 if (strtbl_void) {
228#define SHOW_INTERP(B) \ 1008#define SHOW_INTERP(B) \
229 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \ 1009 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \
230 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *strtbl = SHDR ## B (strtbl_void); \ 1010 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *strtbl = SHDR ## B (strtbl_void); \
231 printf("%s ", elf->data + EGET(strtbl->sh_offset)); \
232 *found_interp = 1; \ 1011 *found_interp = 1; \
1012 return (be_wewy_wewy_quiet ? NULL : elf->data + EGET(strtbl->sh_offset)); \
233 } 1013 }
234 SHOW_INTERP(32) 1014 SHOW_INTERP(32)
235 SHOW_INTERP(64) 1015 SHOW_INTERP(64)
236 } 1016 }
237 if (!be_quiet && !*found_interp) 1017 return NULL;
238 printf(" - ");
239 else if (*found_interp)
240 printf(" ");
241} 1018}
1019static char *scanelf_file_bind(elfobj *elf, char *found_bind)
1020{
1021 unsigned long i;
1022 struct stat s;
1023 char dynamic = 0;
1024
1025 if (!show_bind) return NULL;
1026 if (!elf->phdr) return NULL;
1027
1028#define SHOW_BIND(B) \
1029 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \
1030 Elf ## B ## _Dyn *dyn; \
1031 Elf ## B ## _Ehdr *ehdr = EHDR ## B (elf->ehdr); \
1032 Elf ## B ## _Phdr *phdr = PHDR ## B (elf->phdr); \
1033 Elf ## B ## _Off offset; \
1034 for (i = 0; i < EGET(ehdr->e_phnum); i++) { \
1035 if (EGET(phdr[i].p_type) != PT_DYNAMIC || EGET(phdr[i].p_filesz) == 0) continue; \
1036 dynamic = 1; \
1037 offset = EGET(phdr[i].p_offset); \
1038 if (offset >= elf->len - sizeof(Elf ## B ## _Dyn)) continue; \
1039 dyn = DYN ## B (elf->vdata + offset); \
1040 while (EGET(dyn->d_tag) != DT_NULL) { \
1041 if (EGET(dyn->d_tag) == DT_BIND_NOW || \
1042 (EGET(dyn->d_tag) == DT_FLAGS && EGET(dyn->d_un.d_val) & DF_BIND_NOW)) \
1043 { \
1044 if (be_quiet) return NULL; \
1045 *found_bind = 1; \
1046 return (char *)(be_wewy_wewy_quiet ? NULL : "NOW"); \
1047 } \
1048 ++dyn; \
1049 } \
1050 } \
1051 }
1052 SHOW_BIND(32)
1053 SHOW_BIND(64)
1054
1055 if (be_wewy_wewy_quiet) return NULL;
1056
1057 /* don't output anything if quiet mode and the ELF is static or not setuid */
1058 if (be_quiet && (!dynamic || (!fstat(elf->fd, &s) && !(s.st_mode & (S_ISUID|S_ISGID))))) {
1059 return NULL;
1060 } else {
1061 *found_bind = 1;
1062 return (char *)(dynamic ? "LAZY" : "STATIC");
1063 }
1064}
242static void scanelf_file_sym(elfobj *elf, char *found_sym, const char *filename) 1065static char *scanelf_file_soname(elfobj *elf, char *found_soname)
243{ 1066{
244 int i; 1067 unsigned long i;
1068 char *soname;
1069 void *strtbl_void;
1070
1071 if (!show_soname) return NULL;
1072
1073 strtbl_void = elf_findsecbyname(elf, ".dynstr");
1074
1075 if (elf->phdr && strtbl_void) {
1076#define SHOW_SONAME(B) \
1077 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \
1078 Elf ## B ## _Dyn *dyn; \
1079 Elf ## B ## _Ehdr *ehdr = EHDR ## B (elf->ehdr); \
1080 Elf ## B ## _Phdr *phdr = PHDR ## B (elf->phdr); \
1081 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *strtbl = SHDR ## B (strtbl_void); \
1082 Elf ## B ## _Off offset; \
1083 /* only look for soname in shared objects */ \
1084 if (EGET(ehdr->e_type) != ET_DYN) \
1085 return NULL; \
1086 for (i = 0; i < EGET(ehdr->e_phnum); i++) { \
1087 if (EGET(phdr[i].p_type) != PT_DYNAMIC || EGET(phdr[i].p_filesz) == 0) continue; \
1088 offset = EGET(phdr[i].p_offset); \
1089 if (offset >= elf->len - sizeof(Elf ## B ## _Dyn)) continue; \
1090 dyn = DYN ## B (elf->vdata + offset); \
1091 while (EGET(dyn->d_tag) != DT_NULL) { \
1092 if (EGET(dyn->d_tag) == DT_SONAME) { \
1093 offset = EGET(strtbl->sh_offset) + EGET(dyn->d_un.d_ptr); \
1094 if (offset >= (Elf ## B ## _Off)elf->len) { \
1095 ++dyn; \
1096 continue; \
1097 } \
1098 soname = elf->data + offset; \
1099 *found_soname = 1; \
1100 return (be_wewy_wewy_quiet ? NULL : soname); \
1101 } \
1102 ++dyn; \
1103 } \
1104 } }
1105 SHOW_SONAME(32)
1106 SHOW_SONAME(64)
1107 }
1108
1109 return NULL;
1110}
1111
1112/*
1113 * We support the symbol form:
1114 * [%[modifiers]%][[+-]<symbol name>][,[.....]]
1115 * If the symbol name is empty, then all symbols are matched.
1116 * If the symbol name is a glob ("*"), then all symbols are dumped (debug).
1117 * Do not rely on this output format at all.
1118 * Otherwise the symbol name is used to search (either regex or string compare).
1119 * If the first char of the symbol name is a plus ("+"), then only match
1120 * defined symbols. If it's a minus ("-"), only match undefined symbols.
1121 * Putting modifiers in between the percent signs allows for more in depth
1122 * filters. There are groups of modifiers. If you don't specify a member
1123 * of a group, then all types in that group are matched. The current
1124 * groups and their types are:
1125 * STT group: STT_NOTYPE:n STT_OBJECT:o STT_FUNC:f STT_FILE:F
1126 * STB group: STB_LOCAL:l STB_GLOBAL:g STB_WEAK:w
1127 * SHN group: SHN_UNDEF:u SHN_ABS:a SHN_COMMON:c {defined}:d
1128 * The "defined" value in the SHN group does not correspond to a SHN_xxx define.
1129 * You can search for multiple symbols at once by seperating with a comma (",").
1130 *
1131 * Some examples:
1132 * ELFs with a weak function "foo":
1133 * scanelf -s %wf%foo <ELFs>
1134 * ELFs that define the symbol "main":
1135 * scanelf -s +main <ELFs>
1136 * scanelf -s %d%main <ELFs>
1137 * ELFs that refer to the undefined symbol "brk":
1138 * scanelf -s -brk <ELFs>
1139 * scanelf -s %u%brk <ELFs>
1140 * All global defined objects in an ELF:
1141 * scanelf -s %ogd% <ELF>
1142 */
1143static void
1144scanelf_match_symname(elfobj *elf, char *found_sym, char **ret, size_t *ret_len, const char *symname,
1145 unsigned int stt, unsigned int stb, unsigned int shn, unsigned long size)
1146{
1147 char *this_sym, *next_sym, saved = saved;
1148
1149 /* allow the user to specify a comma delimited list of symbols to search for */
1150 next_sym = NULL;
1151 do {
1152 bool inc_notype, inc_object, inc_func, inc_file,
1153 inc_local, inc_global, inc_weak,
1154 inc_def, inc_undef, inc_abs, inc_common;
1155
1156 if (next_sym) {
1157 next_sym[-1] = saved;
1158 this_sym = next_sym;
1159 } else
1160 this_sym = find_sym;
1161 if ((next_sym = strchr(this_sym, ','))) {
1162 /* make parsing easier by killing the comma temporarily */
1163 saved = *next_sym;
1164 *next_sym = '\0';
1165 next_sym += 1;
1166 }
1167
1168 /* symbol selection! */
1169 inc_notype = inc_object = inc_func = inc_file = \
1170 inc_local = inc_global = inc_weak = \
1171 inc_def = inc_undef = inc_abs = inc_common = \
1172 (*this_sym != '%');
1173
1174 /* parse the contents of %...% */
1175 if (!inc_notype) {
1176 while (*(this_sym++)) {
1177 if (*this_sym == '%') {
1178 ++this_sym;
1179 break;
1180 }
1181 switch (*this_sym) {
1182 case 'n': inc_notype = true; break;
1183 case 'o': inc_object = true; break;
1184 case 'f': inc_func = true; break;
1185 case 'F': inc_file = true; break;
1186 case 'l': inc_local = true; break;
1187 case 'g': inc_global = true; break;
1188 case 'w': inc_weak = true; break;
1189 case 'd': inc_def = true; break;
1190 case 'u': inc_undef = true; break;
1191 case 'a': inc_abs = true; break;
1192 case 'c': inc_common = true; break;
1193 default: err("invalid symbol selector '%c'", *this_sym);
1194 }
1195 }
1196
1197 /* If no types are matched, not match all */
1198 if (!inc_notype && !inc_object && !inc_func && !inc_file)
1199 inc_notype = inc_object = inc_func = inc_file = true;
1200 if (!inc_local && !inc_global && !inc_weak)
1201 inc_local = inc_global = inc_weak = true;
1202 if (!inc_def && !inc_undef && !inc_abs && !inc_common)
1203 inc_def = inc_undef = inc_abs = inc_common = true;
1204
1205 /* backwards compat for defined/undefined short hand */
1206 } else if (*this_sym == '+') {
1207 inc_undef = false;
1208 ++this_sym;
1209 } else if (*this_sym == '-') {
1210 inc_def = inc_abs = inc_common = false;
1211 ++this_sym;
1212 }
1213
1214 /* filter symbols */
1215 if ((!inc_notype && stt == STT_NOTYPE) || \
1216 (!inc_object && stt == STT_OBJECT) || \
1217 (!inc_func && stt == STT_FUNC ) || \
1218 (!inc_file && stt == STT_FILE ) || \
1219 (!inc_local && stb == STB_LOCAL ) || \
1220 (!inc_global && stb == STB_GLOBAL) || \
1221 (!inc_weak && stb == STB_WEAK ) || \
1222 (!inc_def && shn && shn < SHN_LORESERVE) || \
1223 (!inc_undef && shn == SHN_UNDEF ) || \
1224 (!inc_abs && shn == SHN_ABS ) || \
1225 (!inc_common && shn == SHN_COMMON))
1226 continue;
1227
1228 if (*this_sym == '*') {
1229 /* a "*" symbol gets you debug output */
1230 printf("%s(%s) %5lX %15s %15s %15s %s\n",
1231 ((*found_sym == 0) ? "\n\t" : "\t"),
1232 elf->base_filename,
1233 size,
1234 get_elfstttype(stt),
1235 get_elfstbtype(stb),
1236 get_elfshntype(shn),
1237 symname);
1238 goto matched;
1239
1240 } else {
1241 if (g_match) {
1242 /* regex match the symbol */
1243 if (rematch(this_sym, symname, REG_EXTENDED) != 0)
1244 continue;
1245
1246 } else if (*this_sym) {
1247 /* give empty symbols a "pass", else do a normal compare */
1248 const size_t len = strlen(this_sym);
1249 if (!(strncmp(this_sym, symname, len) == 0 &&
1250 /* Accept unversioned symbol names */
1251 (symname[len] == '\0' || symname[len] == '@')))
1252 continue;
1253 }
1254
1255 if (be_semi_verbose) {
1256 char buf[1024];
1257 snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%lX %s %s",
1258 size,
1259 get_elfstttype(stt),
1260 this_sym);
1261 *ret = xstrdup(buf);
1262 } else {
1263 if (*ret) xchrcat(ret, ',', ret_len);
1264 xstrcat(ret, symname, ret_len);
1265 }
1266
1267 goto matched;
1268 }
1269 } while (next_sym);
1270
1271 return;
1272
1273 matched:
1274 *found_sym = 1;
1275 if (next_sym)
1276 next_sym[-1] = saved;
1277}
1278
1279static const char *scanelf_file_sym(elfobj *elf, char *found_sym)
1280{
1281 char *ret;
245 void *symtab_void, *strtab_void; 1282 void *symtab_void, *strtab_void;
246 1283
247 if (!find_sym) return; 1284 if (!find_sym) return NULL;
1285 ret = NULL;
248 1286
249 symtab_void = elf_findsecbyname(elf, ".symtab"); 1287 scanelf_file_get_symtabs(elf, &symtab_void, &strtab_void);
250 strtab_void = elf_findsecbyname(elf, ".strtab");
251 1288
252 if (symtab_void && strtab_void) { 1289 if (symtab_void && strtab_void) {
253#define FIND_SYM(B) \ 1290#define FIND_SYM(B) \
254 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \ 1291 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \
255 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *symtab = SHDR ## B (symtab_void); \ 1292 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *symtab = SHDR ## B (symtab_void); \
256 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *strtab = SHDR ## B (strtab_void); \ 1293 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *strtab = SHDR ## B (strtab_void); \
257 Elf ## B ## _Sym *sym = SYM ## B (elf->data + EGET(symtab->sh_offset)); \ 1294 Elf ## B ## _Sym *sym = SYM ## B (elf->vdata + EGET(symtab->sh_offset)); \
258 int cnt = EGET(symtab->sh_size) / EGET(symtab->sh_entsize); \ 1295 Elf ## B ## _Word i, cnt = EGET(symtab->sh_entsize); \
259 char *symname; \ 1296 char *symname; \
1297 size_t ret_len = 0; \
1298 if (cnt) \
1299 cnt = EGET(symtab->sh_size) / cnt; \
260 for (i = 0; i < cnt; ++i) { \ 1300 for (i = 0; i < cnt; ++i) { \
1301 if ((void*)sym > elf->data_end) { \
1302 warnf("%s: corrupt ELF symbols - aborting", elf->filename); \
1303 goto break_out; \
1304 } \
261 if (sym->st_name) { \ 1305 if (sym->st_name) { \
1306 /* make sure the symbol name is in acceptable memory range */ \
262 symname = (char *)(elf->data + EGET(strtab->sh_offset) + EGET(sym->st_name)); \ 1307 symname = elf->data + EGET(strtab->sh_offset) + EGET(sym->st_name); \
263 if (*find_sym == '*') { \ 1308 if ((void*)symname > elf->data_end) { \
264 printf("%s(%s) %5lX %15s %s\n", \ 1309 warnf("%s: corrupt ELF symbols", elf->filename); \
265 ((*found_sym == 0) ? "\n\t" : "\t"), \ 1310 ++sym; \
266 (char *)basename(filename), \ 1311 continue; \
267 (long)sym->st_size, \ 1312 } \
268 (char *)get_elfstttype(sym->st_info), \ 1313 scanelf_match_symname(elf, found_sym, \
269 symname); \ 1314 &ret, &ret_len, symname, \
270 *found_sym = 1; \ 1315 ELF##B##_ST_TYPE(EGET(sym->st_info)), \
271 } else if ((strcmp(find_sym, symname) == 0) || \ 1316 ELF##B##_ST_BIND(EGET(sym->st_info)), \
272 (strcmp(symname, versioned_symname) == 0)) \ 1317 EGET(sym->st_shndx), \
273 (*found_sym)++; \ 1318 /* st_size can be 64bit, but no one is really that big, so screw em */ \
1319 EGET(sym->st_size)); \
274 } \ 1320 } \
275 ++sym; \ 1321 ++sym; \
276 } } 1322 } \
1323 }
277 FIND_SYM(32) 1324 FIND_SYM(32)
278 FIND_SYM(64) 1325 FIND_SYM(64)
279 } 1326 }
280 if (*find_sym != '*') { 1327
281 if (*found_sym) 1328break_out:
282 printf(" %s ", find_sym); 1329 if (be_wewy_wewy_quiet) return NULL;
1330
1331 if (*find_sym != '*' && *found_sym)
1332 return ret;
283 else if (!be_quiet) 1333 if (be_quiet)
284 printf(" - "); 1334 return NULL;
285 } 1335 else
1336 return " - ";
286} 1337}
1338
1339static const char *scanelf_file_sections(elfobj *elf, char *found_section)
1340{
1341 if (!find_section)
1342 return NULL;
1343
1344#define FIND_SECTION(B) \
1345 if (elf->elf_class == ELFCLASS ## B) { \
1346 size_t matched, n; \
1347 int invert; \
1348 const char *section_name; \
1349 Elf ## B ## _Shdr *section; \
1350 \
1351 matched = 0; \
1352 array_for_each(find_section_arr, n, section_name) { \
1353 invert = (*section_name == '!' ? 1 : 0); \
1354 section = SHDR ## B (elf_findsecbyname(elf, section_name + invert)); \
1355 if ((section == NULL && invert) || (section != NULL && !invert)) \
1356 ++matched; \
1357 } \
1358 \
1359 if (matched == array_cnt(find_section_arr)) \
1360 *found_section = 1; \
1361 }
1362 FIND_SECTION(32)
1363 FIND_SECTION(64)
1364
1365 if (be_wewy_wewy_quiet)
1366 return NULL;
1367
1368 if (*found_section)
1369 return find_section;
1370
1371 if (be_quiet)
1372 return NULL;
1373 else
1374 return " - ";
1375}
1376
287/* scan an elf file and show all the fun stuff */ 1377/* scan an elf file and show all the fun stuff */
288static void scanelf_file(const char *filename) 1378#define prints(str) ({ ssize_t ret = write(fileno(stdout), str, strlen(str)); ret; })
1379static int scanelf_elfobj(elfobj *elf)
289{ 1380{
290 int i; 1381 unsigned long i;
291 char found_pax, found_stack, found_relro, found_textrel, 1382 char found_pax, found_phdr, found_relro, found_load, found_textrel,
292 found_rpath, found_needed, found_interp, found_sym, 1383 found_rpath, found_needed, found_interp, found_bind, found_soname,
293 found_file; 1384 found_sym, found_lib, found_file, found_textrels, found_section;
294 elfobj *elf; 1385 static char *out_buffer = NULL;
295 struct stat st; 1386 static size_t out_len;
296 1387
297 /* make sure 'filename' exists */
298 if (lstat(filename, &st) == -1) {
299 if (be_verbose > 2) printf("%s: does not exist\n", filename);
300 return;
301 }
302 /* always handle regular files and handle symlinked files if no -y */
303 if (!(S_ISREG(st.st_mode) || (S_ISLNK(st.st_mode) && scan_symlink))) {
304 if (be_verbose > 2) printf("%s: skipping non-file\n", filename);
305 return;
306 }
307
308 found_pax = found_stack = found_relro = found_textrel = \ 1388 found_pax = found_phdr = found_relro = found_load = found_textrel = \
309 found_rpath = found_needed = found_interp = found_sym = \ 1389 found_rpath = found_needed = found_interp = found_bind = found_soname = \
310 found_file = 0; 1390 found_sym = found_lib = found_file = found_textrels = found_section = 0;
311 1391
312 /* verify this is real ELF */
313 if ((elf = readelf(filename)) == NULL) {
314 if (be_verbose > 2) printf("%s: not an ELF\n", filename);
315 return;
316 }
317
318 if (be_verbose > 1) 1392 if (be_verbose > 2)
319 printf("%s: {%s,%s} scanning file\n", filename, 1393 printf("%s: scanning file {%s,%s}\n", elf->filename,
320 get_elfeitype(elf, EI_CLASS, elf->elf_class), 1394 get_elfeitype(EI_CLASS, elf->elf_class),
321 get_elfeitype(elf, EI_DATA, elf->data[EI_DATA])); 1395 get_elfeitype(EI_DATA, elf->data[EI_DATA]));
322 else if (be_verbose) 1396 else if (be_verbose > 1)
323 printf("%s: scanning file\n", filename); 1397 printf("%s: scanning file\n", elf->filename);
1398
1399 /* init output buffer */
1400 if (!out_buffer) {
1401 out_len = sizeof(char) * 80;
1402 out_buffer = xmalloc(out_len);
1403 }
1404 *out_buffer = '\0';
324 1405
325 /* show the header */ 1406 /* show the header */
326 if (!be_quiet && show_banner) { 1407 if (!be_quiet && show_banner) {
327 if (out_format) {
328 for (i=0; out_format[i]; ++i) { 1408 for (i = 0; out_format[i]; ++i) {
329 if (out_format[i] != '%') continue; 1409 if (!IS_MODIFIER(out_format[i])) continue;
330 1410
331 switch (out_format[++i]) { 1411 switch (out_format[++i]) {
1412 case '+': break;
332 case '%': break; 1413 case '%': break;
1414 case '#': break;
1415 case 'F':
1416 case 'p':
1417 case 'f': prints("FILE "); found_file = 1; break;
333 case 'F': printf("FILE "); break; 1418 case 'o': prints(" TYPE "); break;
334 case 'x': printf(" PAX "); break; 1419 case 'x': prints(" PAX "); break;
335 case 'e': printf("STK/REL "); break; 1420 case 'e': prints("STK/REL/PTL "); break;
336 case 't': printf("TEXTREL "); break; 1421 case 't': prints("TEXTREL "); break;
337 case 'r': printf("RPATH "); break; 1422 case 'r': prints("RPATH "); break;
1423 case 'M': prints("CLASS "); break;
338 case 'n': printf("NEEDED "); break; 1424 case 'n': prints("NEEDED "); break;
339 case 'i': printf("INTERP "); break; 1425 case 'i': prints("INTERP "); break;
1426 case 'b': prints("BIND "); break;
1427 case 'Z': prints("SIZE "); break;
1428 case 'S': prints("SONAME "); break;
340 case 's': printf("SYM "); break; 1429 case 's': prints("SYM "); break;
341 } 1430 case 'N': prints("LIB "); break;
1431 case 'T': prints("TEXTRELS "); break;
1432 case 'k': prints("SECTION "); break;
1433 case 'a': prints("ARCH "); break;
1434 case 'I': prints("OSABI "); break;
1435 case 'Y': prints("EABI "); break;
1436 case 'O': prints("PERM "); break;
1437 case 'D': prints("ENDIAN "); break;
1438 default: warnf("'%c' has no title ?", out_format[i]);
342 } 1439 }
343 } else {
344 printf(" TYPE ");
345 if (show_pax) printf(" PAX ");
346 if (show_stack) printf("STK/REL ");
347 if (show_textrel) printf("TEXTREL ");
348 if (show_rpath) printf("RPATH ");
349 if (show_needed) printf("NEEDED ");
350 if (show_interp) printf("INTERP ");
351 if (find_sym) printf("SYM ");
352 } 1440 }
353 if (!found_file) printf(" FILE"); 1441 if (!found_file) prints("FILE ");
354 printf("\n"); 1442 prints("\n");
1443 found_file = 0;
355 show_banner = 0; 1444 show_banner = 0;
356 } 1445 }
357 1446
358 /* dump all the good stuff */ 1447 /* dump all the good stuff */
359 if (!be_quiet && !out_format)
360 printf("%-7s ", get_elfetype(elf));
361
362 if (out_format) {
363 for (i=0; out_format[i]; ++i) { 1448 for (i = 0; out_format[i]; ++i) {
364 if (out_format[i] != '%') { 1449 const char *out;
365 printf("%c", out_format[i]); 1450 const char *tmp;
1451 static char ubuf[sizeof(unsigned long)*2];
1452 if (!IS_MODIFIER(out_format[i])) {
1453 xchrcat(&out_buffer, out_format[i], &out_len);
366 continue; 1454 continue;
1455 }
1456
1457 out = NULL;
1458 be_wewy_wewy_quiet = (out_format[i] == '#');
1459 be_semi_verbose = (out_format[i] == '+');
1460 switch (out_format[++i]) {
1461 case '+':
1462 case '%':
1463 case '#':
1464 xchrcat(&out_buffer, out_format[i], &out_len); break;
1465 case 'F':
1466 found_file = 1;
1467 if (be_wewy_wewy_quiet) break;
1468 xstrcat(&out_buffer, elf->filename, &out_len);
1469 break;
1470 case 'p':
1471 found_file = 1;
1472 if (be_wewy_wewy_quiet) break;
1473 tmp = elf->filename;
1474 if (search_path) {
1475 ssize_t len_search = strlen(search_path);
1476 ssize_t len_file = strlen(elf->filename);
1477 if (!strncmp(elf->filename, search_path, len_search) && \
1478 len_file > len_search)
1479 tmp += len_search;
1480 if (*tmp == '/' && search_path[len_search-1] == '/') tmp++;
367 } 1481 }
368 1482 xstrcat(&out_buffer, tmp, &out_len);
369 switch (out_format[++i]) { 1483 break;
370 case '%': printf("%%"); break; 1484 case 'f':
371 case 'F': found_file = 1; printf("%s ", filename); break; 1485 found_file = 1;
1486 if (be_wewy_wewy_quiet) break;
1487 tmp = strrchr(elf->filename, '/');
1488 tmp = (tmp == NULL ? elf->filename : tmp+1);
1489 xstrcat(&out_buffer, tmp, &out_len);
1490 break;
1491 case 'o': out = get_elfetype(elf); break;
372 case 'x': scanelf_file_pax(elf, &found_pax); break; 1492 case 'x': out = scanelf_file_pax(elf, &found_pax); break;
373 case 'e': scanelf_file_stack(elf, &found_stack, &found_relro); break; 1493 case 'e': out = scanelf_file_phdr(elf, &found_phdr, &found_relro, &found_load); break;
374 case 't': scanelf_file_textrel(elf, &found_textrel); break; 1494 case 't': out = scanelf_file_textrel(elf, &found_textrel); break;
1495 case 'T': out = scanelf_file_textrels(elf, &found_textrels, &found_textrel); break;
375 case 'r': scanelf_file_rpath(elf, &found_rpath); break; 1496 case 'r': scanelf_file_rpath(elf, &found_rpath, &out_buffer, &out_len); break;
376 case 'n': scanelf_file_needed(elf, &found_needed); break; 1497 case 'M': out = get_elfeitype(EI_CLASS, elf->data[EI_CLASS]); break;
1498 case 'D': out = get_endian(elf); break;
1499 case 'O': out = strfileperms(elf->filename); break;
1500 case 'n':
1501 case 'N': out = scanelf_file_needed_lib(elf, &found_needed, &found_lib, (out_format[i]=='N'), &out_buffer, &out_len); break;
377 case 'i': scanelf_file_interp(elf, &found_interp); break; 1502 case 'i': out = scanelf_file_interp(elf, &found_interp); break;
1503 case 'b': out = scanelf_file_bind(elf, &found_bind); break;
1504 case 'S': out = scanelf_file_soname(elf, &found_soname); break;
378 case 's': scanelf_file_sym(elf, &found_sym, filename); break; 1505 case 's': out = scanelf_file_sym(elf, &found_sym); break;
1506 case 'k': out = scanelf_file_sections(elf, &found_section); break;
1507 case 'a': out = get_elfemtype(elf); break;
1508 case 'I': out = get_elfosabi(elf); break;
1509 case 'Y': out = get_elf_eabi(elf); break;
1510 case 'Z': snprintf(ubuf, sizeof(ubuf), "%lu", (unsigned long)elf->len); out = ubuf; break;;
1511 default: warnf("'%c' has no scan code?", out_format[i]);
1512 }
1513 if (out)
1514 xstrcat(&out_buffer, out, &out_len);
1515 }
1516
1517#define FOUND_SOMETHING() \
1518 (found_pax || found_phdr || found_relro || found_load || found_textrel || \
1519 found_rpath || found_needed || found_interp || found_bind || \
1520 found_soname || found_sym || found_lib || found_textrels || found_section )
1521
1522 if (!found_file && (!be_quiet || (be_quiet && FOUND_SOMETHING()))) {
1523 xchrcat(&out_buffer, ' ', &out_len);
1524 xstrcat(&out_buffer, elf->filename, &out_len);
1525 }
1526 if (!be_quiet || (be_quiet && FOUND_SOMETHING())) {
1527 puts(out_buffer);
1528 fflush(stdout);
1529 }
1530
1531 return 0;
1532}
1533
1534/* scan a single elf */
1535static int scanelf_elf(const char *filename, int fd, size_t len)
1536{
1537 int ret = 1;
1538 elfobj *elf;
1539
1540 /* verify this is real ELF */
1541 if ((elf = _readelf_fd(filename, fd, len, !fix_elf)) == NULL) {
1542 if (be_verbose > 2) printf("%s: not an ELF\n", filename);
1543 return 2;
1544 }
1545 switch (match_bits) {
1546 case 32:
1547 if (elf->elf_class != ELFCLASS32)
1548 goto label_done;
1549 break;
1550 case 64:
1551 if (elf->elf_class != ELFCLASS64)
1552 goto label_done;
1553 break;
1554 default: break;
1555 }
1556 if (match_etypes) {
1557 char sbuf[126];
1558 strncpy(sbuf, match_etypes, sizeof(sbuf));
1559 if (strchr(match_etypes, ',') != NULL) {
1560 char *p;
1561 while ((p = strrchr(sbuf, ',')) != NULL) {
1562 *p = 0;
1563 if (etype_lookup(p+1) == get_etype(elf))
1564 goto label_ret;
379 } 1565 }
380 } 1566 }
381 } else { 1567 if (etype_lookup(sbuf) != get_etype(elf))
382 scanelf_file_pax(elf, &found_pax); 1568 goto label_done;
383 scanelf_file_stack(elf, &found_stack, &found_relro);
384 scanelf_file_textrel(elf, &found_textrel);
385 scanelf_file_rpath(elf, &found_rpath);
386 scanelf_file_needed(elf, &found_needed);
387 scanelf_file_interp(elf, &found_interp);
388 scanelf_file_sym(elf, &found_sym, filename);
389 } 1569 }
390 1570
391 if (!found_file) { 1571label_ret:
392 if (!be_quiet || found_pax || found_stack || found_textrel || \ 1572 ret = scanelf_elfobj(elf);
393 found_rpath || found_needed || found_sym)
394 puts(filename);
395 } else {
396 printf("\n");
397 }
398 1573
1574label_done:
399 unreadelf(elf); 1575 unreadelf(elf);
1576 return ret;
1577}
1578
1579/* scan an archive of elfs */
1580static int scanelf_archive(const char *filename, int fd, size_t len)
1581{
1582 archive_handle *ar;
1583 archive_member *m;
1584 char *ar_buffer;
1585 elfobj *elf;
1586
1587 ar = ar_open_fd(filename, fd);
1588 if (ar == NULL)
1589 return 1;
1590
1591 ar_buffer = mmap(0, len, PROT_READ | (fix_elf ? PROT_WRITE : 0), (fix_elf ? MAP_SHARED : MAP_PRIVATE), fd, 0);
1592 while ((m = ar_next(ar)) != NULL) {
1593 off_t cur_pos = lseek(fd, 0, SEEK_CUR);
1594 if (cur_pos == -1)
1595 errp("lseek() failed");
1596 elf = readelf_buffer(m->name, ar_buffer + cur_pos, m->size);
1597 if (elf) {
1598 scanelf_elfobj(elf);
1599 unreadelf(elf);
1600 }
1601 }
1602 munmap(ar_buffer, len);
1603
1604 return 0;
1605}
1606/* scan a file which may be an elf or an archive or some other magical beast */
1607static int scanelf_fileat(int dir_fd, const char *filename, const struct stat *st_cache)
1608{
1609 const struct stat *st = st_cache;
1610 struct stat symlink_st;
1611 int fd;
1612
1613 /* always handle regular files and handle symlinked files if no -y */
1614 if (S_ISLNK(st->st_mode)) {
1615 if (!scan_symlink)
1616 return 1;
1617 fstatat(dir_fd, filename, &symlink_st, 0);
1618 st = &symlink_st;
1619 }
1620
1621 if (!S_ISREG(st->st_mode)) {
1622 if (be_verbose > 2) printf("%s: skipping non-file\n", filename);
1623 return 1;
1624 }
1625
1626 if (match_perms) {
1627 if ((st->st_mode | match_perms) != st->st_mode)
1628 return 1;
1629 }
1630 fd = openat(dir_fd, filename, (fix_elf ? O_RDWR : O_RDONLY) | O_CLOEXEC);
1631 if (fd == -1)
1632 return 1;
1633
1634 if (scanelf_elf(filename, fd, st->st_size) == 2) {
1635 /* if it isn't an ELF, maybe it's an .a archive */
1636 if (scan_archives)
1637 scanelf_archive(filename, fd, st->st_size);
1638
1639 /*
1640 * unreadelf() implicitly closes its fd, so only close it
1641 * when we are returning it in the non-ELF case
1642 */
1643 close(fd);
1644 }
1645
1646 return 0;
400} 1647}
401 1648
402/* scan a directory for ET_EXEC files and print when we find one */ 1649/* scan a directory for ET_EXEC files and print when we find one */
403static void scanelf_dir(const char *path) 1650static int scanelf_dirat(int dir_fd, const char *path)
404{ 1651{
405 register DIR *dir; 1652 register DIR *dir;
406 register struct dirent *dentry; 1653 register struct dirent *dentry;
407 struct stat st_top, st; 1654 struct stat st_top, st;
408 char buf[_POSIX_PATH_MAX]; 1655 char buf[__PAX_UTILS_PATH_MAX], *subpath;
409 size_t pathlen = 0, len = 0; 1656 size_t pathlen = 0, len = 0;
1657 int ret = 0;
1658 int subdir_fd;
410 1659
411 /* make sure path exists */ 1660 /* make sure path exists */
412 if (lstat(path, &st_top) == -1) { 1661 if (fstatat(dir_fd, path, &st_top, AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW) == -1) {
413 if (be_verbose > 2) printf("%s: does not exist\n", path); 1662 if (be_verbose > 2) printf("%s: does not exist\n", path);
414 return; 1663 return 1;
415 } 1664 }
416 1665
417 /* ok, if it isn't a directory, assume we can open it */ 1666 /* ok, if it isn't a directory, assume we can open it */
418 if (!S_ISDIR(st_top.st_mode)) { 1667 if (!S_ISDIR(st_top.st_mode))
419 scanelf_file(path); 1668 return scanelf_fileat(dir_fd, path, &st_top);
420 return;
421 }
422 1669
423 /* now scan the dir looking for fun stuff */ 1670 /* now scan the dir looking for fun stuff */
424 if ((dir = opendir(path)) == NULL) { 1671 subdir_fd = openat(dir_fd, path, O_RDONLY|O_CLOEXEC);
425 warnf("could not opendir %s: %s", path, strerror(errno)); 1672 if (subdir_fd == -1)
1673 dir = NULL;
1674 else
1675 dir = fdopendir(subdir_fd);
1676 if (dir == NULL) {
1677 if (subdir_fd != -1)
1678 close(subdir_fd);
1679 warnfp("could not opendir(%s)", path);
426 return; 1680 return 1;
427 } 1681 }
428 if (be_verbose) printf("%s: scanning dir\n", path); 1682 if (be_verbose > 1) printf("%s: scanning dir\n", path);
429 1683
430 pathlen = strlen(path); 1684 subpath = stpcpy(buf, path);
1685 *subpath++ = '/';
1686 pathlen = subpath - buf;
431 while ((dentry = readdir(dir))) { 1687 while ((dentry = readdir(dir))) {
432 if (!strcmp(dentry->d_name, ".") || !strcmp(dentry->d_name, "..")) 1688 if (!strcmp(dentry->d_name, ".") || !strcmp(dentry->d_name, ".."))
433 continue; 1689 continue;
434 len = (pathlen + 1 + strlen(dentry->d_name) + 1); 1690
435 if (len >= sizeof(buf)) { 1691 if (fstatat(subdir_fd, dentry->d_name, &st, AT_SYMLINK_NOFOLLOW) == -1)
436 warnf("Skipping '%s': len > sizeof(buf); %d > %d\n", path, (int)len, (int)sizeof(buf));
437 continue; 1692 continue;
1693
1694 len = strlen(dentry->d_name);
1695 if (len + pathlen + 1 >= sizeof(buf)) {
1696 warnf("Skipping '%s%s': len > sizeof(buf); %zu > %zu\n",
1697 path, dentry->d_name, len + pathlen + 1, sizeof(buf));
1698 continue;
438 } 1699 }
439 sprintf(buf, "%s/%s", path, dentry->d_name); 1700 memcpy(subpath, dentry->d_name, len);
440 if (lstat(buf, &st) != -1) { 1701 subpath[len] = '\0';
1702
441 if (S_ISREG(st.st_mode)) 1703 if (S_ISREG(st.st_mode))
442 scanelf_file(buf); 1704 ret = scanelf_fileat(dir_fd, buf, &st);
443 else if (dir_recurse && S_ISDIR(st.st_mode)) { 1705 else if (dir_recurse && S_ISDIR(st.st_mode)) {
444 if (dir_crossmount || (st_top.st_dev == st.st_dev)) 1706 if (dir_crossmount || (st_top.st_dev == st.st_dev))
445 scanelf_dir(buf); 1707 ret = scanelf_dirat(dir_fd, buf);
1708 }
1709 }
1710 closedir(dir);
1711
1712 return ret;
1713}
1714static int scanelf_dir(const char *path)
1715{
1716 return scanelf_dirat(root_fd, root_rel_path(path));
1717}
1718
1719static int scanelf_from_file(const char *filename)
1720{
1721 FILE *fp;
1722 char *p, *path;
1723 size_t len;
1724 int ret;
1725
1726 if (strcmp(filename, "-") == 0)
1727 fp = stdin;
1728 else if ((fp = fopen(filename, "r")) == NULL)
1729 return 1;
1730
1731 path = NULL;
1732 len = 0;
1733 ret = 0;
1734 while (getline(&path, &len, fp) != -1) {
1735 if ((p = strchr(path, '\n')) != NULL)
1736 *p = 0;
1737 search_path = path;
1738 ret = scanelf_dir(path);
1739 }
1740 free(path);
1741
1742 if (fp != stdin)
1743 fclose(fp);
1744
1745 return ret;
1746}
1747
1748#if defined(__GLIBC__) || defined(__UCLIBC__) || defined(__NetBSD__)
1749
1750static int load_ld_cache_config(int i, const char *fname)
1751{
1752 FILE *fp = NULL;
1753 char *p, *path;
1754 size_t len;
1755 int curr_fd = -1;
1756
1757 fp = fopenat_r(root_fd, root_rel_path(fname));
1758 if (fp == NULL)
1759 return i;
1760
1761 path = NULL;
1762 len = 0;
1763 while (getline(&path, &len, fp) != -1) {
1764 if ((p = strrchr(path, '\r')) != NULL)
1765 *p = 0;
1766 if ((p = strchr(path, '\n')) != NULL)
1767 *p = 0;
1768
1769 /* recursive includes of the same file will make this segfault. */
1770 if ((memcmp(path, "include", 7) == 0) && isblank(path[7])) {
1771 glob_t gl;
1772 size_t x;
1773 const char *gpath;
1774
1775 /* re-use existing path buffer ... need to be creative */
1776 if (path[8] != '/')
1777 gpath = memcpy(path + 3, "/etc/", 5);
1778 else
1779 gpath = path + 8;
1780 if (root_fd != AT_FDCWD) {
1781 if (curr_fd == -1) {
1782 curr_fd = open(".", O_RDONLY|O_CLOEXEC);
1783 if (fchdir(root_fd))
1784 errp("unable to change to root dir");
1785 }
1786 gpath = root_rel_path(gpath);
446 } 1787 }
1788
1789 if (glob(gpath, 0, NULL, &gl) == 0) {
1790 for (x = 0; x < gl.gl_pathc; ++x) {
1791 /* try to avoid direct loops */
1792 if (strcmp(gl.gl_pathv[x], fname) == 0)
1793 continue;
1794 i = load_ld_cache_config(i, gl.gl_pathv[x]);
1795 }
1796 globfree(&gl);
447 } 1797 }
1798
1799 /* failed globs are ignored by glibc */
1800 continue;
448 } 1801 }
449 closedir(dir); 1802
1803 if (*path != '/')
1804 continue;
1805
1806 xarraypush_str(ldpaths, path);
1807 }
1808 free(path);
1809
1810 fclose(fp);
1811
1812 if (curr_fd != -1) {
1813 if (fchdir(curr_fd))
1814 /* don't care */;
1815 close(curr_fd);
1816 }
1817
1818 return i;
450} 1819}
1820
1821#elif defined(__FreeBSD__) || defined(__DragonFly__)
1822
1823static int load_ld_cache_config(int i, const char *fname)
1824{
1825 FILE *fp = NULL;
1826 char *b = NULL, *p;
1827 struct elfhints_hdr hdr;
1828
1829 fp = fopenat_r(root_fd, root_rel_path(fname));
1830 if (fp == NULL)
1831 return i;
1832
1833 if (fread(&hdr, 1, sizeof(hdr), fp) != sizeof(hdr) ||
1834 hdr.magic != ELFHINTS_MAGIC || hdr.version != 1 ||
1835 fseek(fp, hdr.strtab + hdr.dirlist, SEEK_SET) == -1)
1836 {
1837 fclose(fp);
1838 return i;
1839 }
1840
1841 b = xmalloc(hdr.dirlistlen + 1);
1842 if (fread(b, 1, hdr.dirlistlen+1, fp) != hdr.dirlistlen+1) {
1843 fclose(fp);
1844 free(b);
1845 return i;
1846 }
1847
1848 while ((p = strsep(&b, ":"))) {
1849 if (*p == '\0')
1850 continue;
1851 xarraypush_str(ldpaths, p);
1852 }
1853
1854 free(b);
1855 fclose(fp);
1856 return i;
1857}
1858
1859#else
1860#ifdef __ELF__
1861#warning Cache config support not implemented for your target
1862#endif
1863static int load_ld_cache_config(int i, const char *fname)
1864{
1865 return 0;
1866}
1867#endif
451 1868
452/* scan /etc/ld.so.conf for paths */ 1869/* scan /etc/ld.so.conf for paths */
453static void scanelf_ldpath() 1870static void scanelf_ldpath(void)
454{ 1871{
455 char scan_l, scan_ul, scan_ull; 1872 char scan_l, scan_ul, scan_ull;
456 char *path, *p; 1873 size_t n;
457 FILE *fp; 1874 const char *ldpath;
1875 int i = 0;
458 1876
459 if ((fp = fopen("/etc/ld.so.conf", "r")) == NULL) 1877 if (array_cnt(ldpaths) == 0)
460 err("Unable to open ld.so.conf: %s", strerror(errno)); 1878 err("Unable to load any paths from ld.so.conf");
461 1879
462 scan_l = scan_ul = scan_ull = 0; 1880 scan_l = scan_ul = scan_ull = 0;
463 1881
464 if ((path = malloc(_POSIX_PATH_MAX)) == NULL) { 1882 array_for_each(ldpaths, n, ldpath) {
465 warn("Can not malloc() memory for ldpath scanning");
466 return;
467 }
468 while ((fgets(path, _POSIX_PATH_MAX, fp)) != NULL)
469 if (*path == '/') {
470 if ((p = strrchr(path, '\r')) != NULL)
471 *p = 0;
472 if ((p = strrchr(path, '\n')) != NULL)
473 *p = 0;
474 if (!scan_l && !strcmp(path, "/lib")) scan_l = 1; 1883 if (!scan_l && !strcmp(ldpath, "/lib")) scan_l = 1;
475 if (!scan_ul && !strcmp(path, "/usr/lib")) scan_ul = 1; 1884 if (!scan_ul && !strcmp(ldpath, "/usr/lib")) scan_ul = 1;
476 if (!scan_ull && !strcmp(path, "/usr/local/lib")) scan_ull = 1; 1885 if (!scan_ull && !strcmp(ldpath, "/usr/local/lib")) scan_ull = 1;
477 scanelf_dir(path); 1886 scanelf_dir(ldpath);
1887 ++i;
478 } 1888 }
479 free(path);
480 fclose(fp);
481 1889
482 if (!scan_l) scanelf_dir("/lib"); 1890 if (!scan_l) scanelf_dir("/lib");
483 if (!scan_ul) scanelf_dir("/usr/lib"); 1891 if (!scan_ul) scanelf_dir("/usr/lib");
484 if (!scan_ull) scanelf_dir("/usr/local/lib"); 1892 if (!scan_ull) scanelf_dir("/usr/local/lib");
485} 1893}
486 1894
487/* scan env PATH for paths */ 1895/* scan env PATH for paths */
488static void scanelf_envpath() 1896static void scanelf_envpath(void)
489{ 1897{
490 char *path, *p; 1898 char *path, *p;
491 1899
492 path = getenv("PATH"); 1900 path = getenv("PATH");
493 if (!path) 1901 if (!path)
494 err("PATH is not set in your env !"); 1902 err("PATH is not set in your env !");
495 1903 path = xstrdup(path);
496 if ((path = strdup(path)) == NULL)
497 err("strdup failed: %s", strerror(errno));
498 1904
499 while ((p = strrchr(path, ':')) != NULL) { 1905 while ((p = strrchr(path, ':')) != NULL) {
500 scanelf_dir(p + 1); 1906 scanelf_dir(p + 1);
501 *p = 0; 1907 *p = 0;
502 } 1908 }
503 1909
504 free(path); 1910 free(path);
505} 1911}
506 1912
507 1913/* usage / invocation handling functions */ /* Free Flags: c d j u w G H J K P Q U W */
508
509/* usage / invocation handling functions */
510#define PARSE_FLAGS "plRmyxetrnis:aqvF:o:BhV" 1914#define PARSE_FLAGS "plRmyAXz:xetrnLibSs:k:gN:TaqvF:f:o:E:M:DIYO:ZCBhV"
511#define a_argument required_argument 1915#define a_argument required_argument
512static struct option const long_opts[] = { 1916static struct option const long_opts[] = {
513 {"path", no_argument, NULL, 'p'}, 1917 {"path", no_argument, NULL, 'p'},
514 {"ldpath", no_argument, NULL, 'l'}, 1918 {"ldpath", no_argument, NULL, 'l'},
1919 {"root", a_argument, NULL, 128},
515 {"recursive", no_argument, NULL, 'R'}, 1920 {"recursive", no_argument, NULL, 'R'},
516 {"mount", no_argument, NULL, 'm'}, 1921 {"mount", no_argument, NULL, 'm'},
517 {"symlink", no_argument, NULL, 'y'}, 1922 {"symlink", no_argument, NULL, 'y'},
1923 {"archives", no_argument, NULL, 'A'},
1924 {"ldcache", no_argument, NULL, 'L'},
1925 {"fix", no_argument, NULL, 'X'},
1926 {"setpax", a_argument, NULL, 'z'},
518 {"pax", no_argument, NULL, 'x'}, 1927 {"pax", no_argument, NULL, 'x'},
519 {"header", no_argument, NULL, 'e'}, 1928 {"header", no_argument, NULL, 'e'},
520 {"textrel", no_argument, NULL, 't'}, 1929 {"textrel", no_argument, NULL, 't'},
521 {"rpath", no_argument, NULL, 'r'}, 1930 {"rpath", no_argument, NULL, 'r'},
522 {"needed", no_argument, NULL, 'n'}, 1931 {"needed", no_argument, NULL, 'n'},
523 {"interp", no_argument, NULL, 'i'}, 1932 {"interp", no_argument, NULL, 'i'},
1933 {"bind", no_argument, NULL, 'b'},
1934 {"soname", no_argument, NULL, 'S'},
524 {"symbol", a_argument, NULL, 's'}, 1935 {"symbol", a_argument, NULL, 's'},
1936 {"section", a_argument, NULL, 'k'},
1937 {"lib", a_argument, NULL, 'N'},
1938 {"gmatch", no_argument, NULL, 'g'},
1939 {"textrels", no_argument, NULL, 'T'},
1940 {"etype", a_argument, NULL, 'E'},
1941 {"bits", a_argument, NULL, 'M'},
1942 {"endian", no_argument, NULL, 'D'},
1943 {"osabi", no_argument, NULL, 'I'},
1944 {"eabi", no_argument, NULL, 'Y'},
1945 {"perms", a_argument, NULL, 'O'},
1946 {"size", no_argument, NULL, 'Z'},
525 {"all", no_argument, NULL, 'a'}, 1947 {"all", no_argument, NULL, 'a'},
526 {"quiet", no_argument, NULL, 'q'}, 1948 {"quiet", no_argument, NULL, 'q'},
527 {"verbose", no_argument, NULL, 'v'}, 1949 {"verbose", no_argument, NULL, 'v'},
528 {"format", a_argument, NULL, 'F'}, 1950 {"format", a_argument, NULL, 'F'},
1951 {"from", a_argument, NULL, 'f'},
529 {"file", a_argument, NULL, 'o'}, 1952 {"file", a_argument, NULL, 'o'},
1953 {"nocolor", no_argument, NULL, 'C'},
530 {"nobanner", no_argument, NULL, 'B'}, 1954 {"nobanner", no_argument, NULL, 'B'},
531 {"help", no_argument, NULL, 'h'}, 1955 {"help", no_argument, NULL, 'h'},
532 {"version", no_argument, NULL, 'V'}, 1956 {"version", no_argument, NULL, 'V'},
533 {NULL, no_argument, NULL, 0x0} 1957 {NULL, no_argument, NULL, 0x0}
534}; 1958};
1959
535static char *opts_help[] = { 1960static const char * const opts_help[] = {
536 "Scan all directories in PATH environment", 1961 "Scan all directories in PATH environment",
537 "Scan all directories in /etc/ld.so.conf", 1962 "Scan all directories in /etc/ld.so.conf",
1963 "Root directory (use with -l or -p)",
538 "Scan directories recursively", 1964 "Scan directories recursively",
539 "Don't recursively cross mount points", 1965 "Don't recursively cross mount points",
540 "Don't scan symlinks\n", 1966 "Don't scan symlinks",
1967 "Scan archives (.a files)",
1968 "Utilize ld.so.cache to show full path (use with -r/-n)",
1969 "Try and 'fix' bad things (use with -r/-e)",
1970 "Sets EI_PAX/PT_PAX_FLAGS to <arg> (use with -Xx)\n",
541 "Print PaX markings", 1971 "Print PaX markings",
542 "Print GNU_STACK markings", 1972 "Print GNU_STACK/PT_LOAD markings",
543 "Print TEXTREL information", 1973 "Print TEXTREL information",
544 "Print RPATH information", 1974 "Print RPATH information",
545 "Print NEEDED information", 1975 "Print NEEDED information",
546 "Print INTERP information", 1976 "Print INTERP information",
1977 "Print BIND information",
1978 "Print SONAME information",
547 "Find a specified symbol", 1979 "Find a specified symbol",
548 "Print all scanned info (-x -e -t -r)\n", 1980 "Find a specified section",
1981 "Find a specified library",
1982 "Use regex matching rather than string compare (use with -s)",
1983 "Locate cause of TEXTREL",
1984 "Print only ELF files matching etype ET_DYN,ET_EXEC ...",
1985 "Print only ELF files matching numeric bits",
1986 "Print Endianness",
1987 "Print OSABI",
1988 "Print EABI (EM_ARM Only)",
1989 "Print only ELF files matching octal permissions",
1990 "Print ELF file size",
1991 "Print all useful/simple info\n",
549 "Only output 'bad' things", 1992 "Only output 'bad' things",
550 "Be verbose (can be specified more than once)", 1993 "Be verbose (can be specified more than once)",
551 "Use specified format for output", 1994 "Use specified format for output",
1995 "Read input stream from a filename",
552 "Write output stream to a filename", 1996 "Write output stream to a filename",
1997 "Don't emit color in output",
553 "Don't display the header", 1998 "Don't display the header",
554 "Print this help and exit", 1999 "Print this help and exit",
555 "Print version and exit", 2000 "Print version and exit",
556 NULL 2001 NULL
557}; 2002};
558 2003
559/* display usage and exit */ 2004/* display usage and exit */
560static void usage(int status) 2005static void usage(int status)
561{ 2006{
562 int i; 2007 unsigned long i;
563 printf(" Scan ELF binaries for stuff\n\n" 2008 printf("* Scan ELF binaries for stuff\n\n"
564 "Usage: %s [options] <dir1/file1> [dir2 dirN fileN ...]\n\n", argv0); 2009 "Usage: %s [options] <dir1/file1> [dir2 dirN file2 fileN ...]\n\n", argv0);
565 printf("Options: -[%s]\n", PARSE_FLAGS); 2010 printf("Options: -[%s]\n", PARSE_FLAGS);
566 for (i = 0; long_opts[i].name; ++i) 2011 for (i = 0; long_opts[i].name; ++i)
567 if (long_opts[i].has_arg == no_argument) 2012 if (long_opts[i].has_arg == no_argument)
568 printf(" -%c, --%-13s %s\n", long_opts[i].val, 2013 printf(" -%c, --%-14s* %s\n", long_opts[i].val,
2014 long_opts[i].name, opts_help[i]);
2015 else if (long_opts[i].val > '~')
2016 printf(" --%-7s <arg> * %s\n",
569 long_opts[i].name, opts_help[i]); 2017 long_opts[i].name, opts_help[i]);
570 else 2018 else
571 printf(" -%c, --%-6s <arg> %s\n", long_opts[i].val, 2019 printf(" -%c, --%-7s <arg> * %s\n", long_opts[i].val,
572 long_opts[i].name, opts_help[i]); 2020 long_opts[i].name, opts_help[i]);
2021
2022 puts("\nFor more information, see the scanelf(1) manpage");
573 exit(status); 2023 exit(status);
574} 2024}
575 2025
576/* parse command line arguments and preform needed actions */ 2026/* parse command line arguments and preform needed actions */
2027#define do_pax_state(option, flag) \
2028 if (islower(option)) { \
2029 flags &= ~PF_##flag; \
2030 flags |= PF_NO##flag; \
2031 } else { \
2032 flags &= ~PF_NO##flag; \
2033 flags |= PF_##flag; \
2034 }
577static void parseargs(int argc, char *argv[]) 2035static int parseargs(int argc, char *argv[])
578{ 2036{
579 int flag; 2037 int i;
2038 const char *from_file = NULL;
2039 int ret = 0;
580 2040
581 opterr = 0; 2041 opterr = 0;
582 while ((flag=getopt_long(argc, argv, PARSE_FLAGS, long_opts, NULL)) != -1) { 2042 while ((i=getopt_long(argc, argv, PARSE_FLAGS, long_opts, NULL)) != -1) {
583 switch (flag) { 2043 switch (i) {
584 2044
585 case 'V': 2045 case 'V':
586 printf("%s compiled %s\n%s\n" 2046 printf("pax-utils-%s: %s compiled %s\n%s\n"
587 "%s written for Gentoo Linux by <solar and vapier @ gentoo.org>\n", 2047 "%s written for Gentoo by <solar and vapier @ gentoo.org>\n",
588 __FILE__, __DATE__, rcsid, argv0); 2048 VERSION, __FILE__, __DATE__, rcsid, argv0);
589 exit(EXIT_SUCCESS); 2049 exit(EXIT_SUCCESS);
590 break; 2050 break;
591 case 'h': usage(EXIT_SUCCESS); break; 2051 case 'h': usage(EXIT_SUCCESS); break;
592 2052 case 'f':
2053 if (from_file) warn("You prob don't want to specify -f twice");
2054 from_file = optarg;
2055 break;
2056 case 'E':
2057 match_etypes = optarg;
2058 break;
2059 case 'M':
2060 match_bits = atoi(optarg);
2061 if (match_bits == 0) {
2062 if (strcmp(optarg, "ELFCLASS32") == 0)
2063 match_bits = 32;
2064 if (strcmp(optarg, "ELFCLASS64") == 0)
2065 match_bits = 64;
2066 }
2067 break;
2068 case 'O':
2069 if (sscanf(optarg, "%o", &match_perms) == -1)
2070 match_bits = 0;
2071 break;
593 case 'o': { 2072 case 'o': {
594 FILE *fp = NULL;
595 fp = freopen(optarg, "w", stdout); 2073 if (freopen(optarg, "w", stdout) == NULL)
596 if (fp == NULL) 2074 errp("Could not freopen(%s)", optarg);
597 err("Could not open output stream '%s': %s", optarg, strerror(errno));
598 stdout = fp;
599 break; 2075 break;
600 } 2076 }
601 2077 case 'k':
2078 xarraypush_str(find_section_arr, optarg);
2079 break;
602 case 's': { 2080 case 's': {
603 size_t len; 2081 if (find_sym) warn("You prob don't want to specify -s twice");
604 find_sym = strdup(optarg); 2082 find_sym = optarg;
605 if (!find_sym) {
606 warnf("Could not malloc() mem for sym scan");
607 find_sym = NULL;
608 break; 2083 break;
2084 }
2085 case 'N':
2086 xarraypush_str(find_lib_arr, optarg);
2087 break;
2088 case 'F': {
2089 if (out_format) warn("You prob don't want to specify -F twice");
2090 out_format = optarg;
2091 break;
2092 }
2093 case 'z': {
2094 unsigned long flags = (PF_NOEMUTRAMP | PF_NORANDEXEC);
2095 size_t x;
2096
2097 for (x = 0; x < strlen(optarg); x++) {
2098 switch (optarg[x]) {
2099 case 'p':
2100 case 'P':
2101 do_pax_state(optarg[x], PAGEEXEC);
2102 break;
2103 case 's':
2104 case 'S':
2105 do_pax_state(optarg[x], SEGMEXEC);
2106 break;
2107 case 'm':
2108 case 'M':
2109 do_pax_state(optarg[x], MPROTECT);
2110 break;
2111 case 'e':
2112 case 'E':
2113 do_pax_state(optarg[x], EMUTRAMP);
2114 break;
2115 case 'r':
2116 case 'R':
2117 do_pax_state(optarg[x], RANDMMAP);
2118 break;
2119 case 'x':
2120 case 'X':
2121 do_pax_state(optarg[x], RANDEXEC);
2122 break;
2123 default:
2124 break;
2125 }
609 } 2126 }
610 len = strlen(find_sym) + 1; 2127 if (!(((flags & PF_PAGEEXEC) && (flags & PF_NOPAGEEXEC)) ||
611 versioned_symname = (char *)malloc(sizeof(char) * (len+1)); 2128 ((flags & PF_SEGMEXEC) && (flags & PF_NOSEGMEXEC)) ||
612 if (!versioned_symname) { 2129 ((flags & PF_RANDMMAP) && (flags & PF_NORANDMMAP)) ||
613 free(find_sym); 2130 ((flags & PF_RANDEXEC) && (flags & PF_NORANDEXEC)) ||
614 find_sym = NULL; 2131 ((flags & PF_EMUTRAMP) && (flags & PF_NOEMUTRAMP)) ||
615 warnf("Could not malloc() mem for sym scan"); 2132 ((flags & PF_RANDMMAP) && (flags & PF_NORANDMMAP))))
616 break; 2133 setpax = flags;
617 }
618 sprintf(versioned_symname, "%s@", find_sym);
619 break; 2134 break;
620 } 2135 }
621 2136 case 'Z': show_size = 1; break;
622 case 'F': { 2137 case 'g': g_match = 1; break;
623 out_format = strdup(optarg); 2138 case 'L': use_ldcache = 1; break;
624 if (!out_format)
625 err("Could not malloc() mem for output format");
626 break;
627 }
628
629 case 'y': scan_symlink = 0; break; 2139 case 'y': scan_symlink = 0; break;
2140 case 'A': scan_archives = 1; break;
2141 case 'C': color_init(true); break;
630 case 'B': show_banner = 0; break; 2142 case 'B': show_banner = 0; break;
631 case 'l': scan_ldpath = 1; break; 2143 case 'l': scan_ldpath = 1; break;
632 case 'p': scan_envpath = 1; break; 2144 case 'p': scan_envpath = 1; break;
633 case 'R': dir_recurse = 1; break; 2145 case 'R': dir_recurse = 1; break;
634 case 'm': dir_crossmount = 0; break; 2146 case 'm': dir_crossmount = 0; break;
2147 case 'X': ++fix_elf; break;
635 case 'x': show_pax = 1; break; 2148 case 'x': show_pax = 1; break;
636 case 'e': show_stack = 1; break; 2149 case 'e': show_phdr = 1; break;
637 case 't': show_textrel = 1; break; 2150 case 't': show_textrel = 1; break;
638 case 'r': show_rpath = 1; break; 2151 case 'r': show_rpath = 1; break;
639 case 'n': show_needed = 1; break; 2152 case 'n': show_needed = 1; break;
640 case 'i': show_interp = 1; break; 2153 case 'i': show_interp = 1; break;
2154 case 'b': show_bind = 1; break;
2155 case 'S': show_soname = 1; break;
2156 case 'T': show_textrels = 1; break;
641 case 'q': be_quiet = 1; break; 2157 case 'q': be_quiet = 1; break;
642 case 'v': be_verbose = (be_verbose % 20) + 1; break; 2158 case 'v': be_verbose = (be_verbose % 20) + 1; break;
643 case 'a': show_pax = show_stack = show_textrel = show_rpath = show_needed = show_interp = 1; break; 2159 case 'a': show_perms = show_pax = show_phdr = show_textrel = show_rpath = show_bind = show_endian = 1; break;
644 2160 case 'D': show_endian = 1; break;
2161 case 'I': show_osabi = 1; break;
2162 case 'Y': show_eabi = 1; break;
2163 case 128:
2164 root_fd = open(optarg, O_RDONLY|O_CLOEXEC);
2165 if (root_fd == -1)
2166 err("Could not open root: %s", optarg);
2167 break;
645 case ':': 2168 case ':':
646 warn("Option missing parameter\n"); 2169 err("Option '%c' is missing parameter", optopt);
647 usage(EXIT_FAILURE);
648 break;
649 case '?': 2170 case '?':
650 warn("Unknown option\n"); 2171 err("Unknown option '%c' or argument missing", optopt);
651 usage(EXIT_FAILURE);
652 break;
653 default: 2172 default:
654 err("Unhandled option '%c'", flag); 2173 err("Unhandled option '%c'; please report this", i);
655 break;
656 }
657 } 2174 }
658 2175 }
659 if (be_quiet && be_verbose) 2176 if (show_textrels && be_verbose)
660 err("You can be quiet or you can be verbose, not both, stupid"); 2177 has_objdump = bin_in_path("objdump");
661 2178 /* flatten arrays for display */
2179 if (array_cnt(find_lib_arr))
2180 find_lib = array_flatten_str(find_lib_arr);
2181 if (array_cnt(find_section_arr))
2182 find_section = array_flatten_str(find_section_arr);
662 /* let the format option override all other options */ 2183 /* let the format option override all other options */
663 if (out_format) { 2184 if (out_format) {
664 show_pax = show_stack = show_textrel = show_rpath = show_needed = show_interp = 0; 2185 show_pax = show_phdr = show_textrel = show_rpath = \
2186 show_needed = show_interp = show_bind = show_soname = \
2187 show_textrels = show_perms = show_endian = show_size = \
2188 show_osabi = show_eabi = 0;
665 for (flag=0; out_format[flag]; ++flag) { 2189 for (i = 0; out_format[i]; ++i) {
666 if (out_format[flag] != '%') continue; 2190 if (!IS_MODIFIER(out_format[i])) continue;
667 2191
668 switch (out_format[++flag]) { 2192 switch (out_format[++i]) {
2193 case '+': break;
669 case '%': break; 2194 case '%': break;
2195 case '#': break;
670 case 'F': break; 2196 case 'F': break;
2197 case 'p': break;
2198 case 'f': break;
2199 case 'k': break;
671 case 's': break; 2200 case 's': break;
2201 case 'N': break;
2202 case 'o': break;
2203 case 'a': break;
2204 case 'M': break;
2205 case 'Z': show_size = 1; break;
2206 case 'D': show_endian = 1; break;
2207 case 'I': show_osabi = 1; break;
2208 case 'Y': show_eabi = 1; break;
2209 case 'O': show_perms = 1; break;
672 case 'x': show_pax = 1; break; 2210 case 'x': show_pax = 1; break;
673 case 'e': show_stack = 1; break; 2211 case 'e': show_phdr = 1; break;
674 case 't': show_textrel = 1; break; 2212 case 't': show_textrel = 1; break;
675 case 'r': show_rpath = 1; break; 2213 case 'r': show_rpath = 1; break;
676 case 'n': show_needed = 1; break; 2214 case 'n': show_needed = 1; break;
677 case 'i': show_interp = 1; break; 2215 case 'i': show_interp = 1; break;
2216 case 'b': show_bind = 1; break;
2217 case 'S': show_soname = 1; break;
2218 case 'T': show_textrels = 1; break;
678 default: 2219 default:
679 err("Invalid format specifier '%c' (byte %i)", 2220 err("Invalid format specifier '%c' (byte %i)",
680 out_format[flag], flag+1); 2221 out_format[i], i+1);
681 } 2222 }
682 } 2223 }
2224
2225 /* construct our default format */
2226 } else {
2227 size_t fmt_len = 30;
2228 out_format = xmalloc(sizeof(char) * fmt_len);
2229 *out_format = '\0';
2230 if (!be_quiet) xstrcat(&out_format, "%o ", &fmt_len);
2231 if (show_pax) xstrcat(&out_format, "%x ", &fmt_len);
2232 if (show_perms) xstrcat(&out_format, "%O ", &fmt_len);
2233 if (show_size) xstrcat(&out_format, "%Z ", &fmt_len);
2234 if (show_endian) xstrcat(&out_format, "%D ", &fmt_len);
2235 if (show_osabi) xstrcat(&out_format, "%I ", &fmt_len);
2236 if (show_eabi) xstrcat(&out_format, "%Y ", &fmt_len);
2237 if (show_phdr) xstrcat(&out_format, "%e ", &fmt_len);
2238 if (show_textrel) xstrcat(&out_format, "%t ", &fmt_len);
2239 if (show_rpath) xstrcat(&out_format, "%r ", &fmt_len);
2240 if (show_needed) xstrcat(&out_format, "%n ", &fmt_len);
2241 if (show_interp) xstrcat(&out_format, "%i ", &fmt_len);
2242 if (show_bind) xstrcat(&out_format, "%b ", &fmt_len);
2243 if (show_soname) xstrcat(&out_format, "%S ", &fmt_len);
2244 if (show_textrels) xstrcat(&out_format, "%T ", &fmt_len);
2245 if (find_sym) xstrcat(&out_format, "%s ", &fmt_len);
2246 if (find_section) xstrcat(&out_format, "%k ", &fmt_len);
2247 if (find_lib) xstrcat(&out_format, "%N ", &fmt_len);
2248 if (!be_quiet) xstrcat(&out_format, "%F ", &fmt_len);
683 } 2249 }
2250 if (be_verbose > 2) printf("Format: %s\n", out_format);
684 2251
685 /* now lets actually do the scanning */ 2252 /* now lets actually do the scanning */
2253 if (scan_ldpath || use_ldcache)
2254 load_ld_cache_config(0, __PAX_UTILS_DEFAULT_LD_CACHE_CONFIG);
686 if (scan_ldpath) scanelf_ldpath(); 2255 if (scan_ldpath) scanelf_ldpath();
687 if (scan_envpath) scanelf_envpath(); 2256 if (scan_envpath) scanelf_envpath();
2257 if (!from_file && optind == argc && ttyname(0) == NULL && !scan_ldpath && !scan_envpath)
2258 from_file = "-";
2259 if (from_file) {
2260 scanelf_from_file(from_file);
2261 from_file = *argv;
2262 }
688 if (optind == argc && !scan_ldpath && !scan_envpath) 2263 if (optind == argc && !scan_ldpath && !scan_envpath && !from_file)
689 err("Nothing to scan !?"); 2264 err("Nothing to scan !?");
690 while (optind < argc) 2265 while (optind < argc) {
691 scanelf_dir(argv[optind++]); 2266 search_path = argv[optind++];
2267 ret = scanelf_dir(search_path);
2268 }
692 2269
693 /* clean up */ 2270 /* clean up */
694 if (find_sym) { 2271 xarrayfree(ldpaths);
2272 xarrayfree(find_lib_arr);
2273 xarrayfree(find_section_arr);
695 free(find_sym); 2274 free(find_lib);
696 free(versioned_symname); 2275 free(find_section);
697 }
698 if (out_format) free(out_format);
699}
700 2276
2277 if (ldcache != 0)
2278 munmap(ldcache, ldcache_size);
2279 return ret;
2280}
701 2281
2282static char **get_split_env(const char *envvar)
2283{
2284 const char *delims = " \t\n";
2285 char **envvals = NULL;
2286 char *env, *s;
2287 int nentry;
2288
2289 if ((env = getenv(envvar)) == NULL)
2290 return NULL;
2291
2292 env = xstrdup(env);
2293 if (env == NULL)
2294 return NULL;
2295
2296 s = strtok(env, delims);
2297 if (s == NULL) {
2298 free(env);
2299 return NULL;
2300 }
2301
2302 nentry = 0;
2303 while (s != NULL) {
2304 ++nentry;
2305 envvals = xrealloc(envvals, sizeof(*envvals) * (nentry+1));
2306 envvals[nentry-1] = s;
2307 s = strtok(NULL, delims);
2308 }
2309 envvals[nentry] = NULL;
2310
2311 /* don't want to free(env) as it contains the memory that backs
2312 * the envvals array of strings */
2313 return envvals;
2314}
2315
2316static void parseenv(void)
2317{
2318 color_init(false);
2319 qa_textrels = get_split_env("QA_TEXTRELS");
2320 qa_execstack = get_split_env("QA_EXECSTACK");
2321 qa_wx_load = get_split_env("QA_WX_LOAD");
2322}
2323
2324#ifdef __PAX_UTILS_CLEANUP
2325static void cleanup(void)
2326{
2327 free(out_format);
2328 free(qa_textrels);
2329 free(qa_execstack);
2330 free(qa_wx_load);
2331}
2332#endif
702 2333
703int main(int argc, char *argv[]) 2334int main(int argc, char *argv[])
704{ 2335{
2336 int ret;
705 if (argc < 2) 2337 if (argc < 2)
706 usage(EXIT_FAILURE); 2338 usage(EXIT_FAILURE);
2339 parseenv();
707 parseargs(argc, argv); 2340 ret = parseargs(argc, argv);
708 fclose(stdout); 2341 fclose(stdout);
709 return EXIT_SUCCESS; 2342#ifdef __PAX_UTILS_CLEANUP
2343 cleanup();
2344 warn("The calls to add/delete heap should be off:\n"
2345 "\t- 1 due to the out_buffer not being freed in scanelf_fileat()\n"
2346 "\t- 1 per QA_TEXTRELS/QA_EXECSTACK/QA_WX_LOAD");
2347#endif
2348 return ret;
710} 2349}
2350
2351/* Match filename against entries in matchlist, return TRUE
2352 * if the file is listed */
2353static int file_matches_list(const char *filename, char **matchlist)
2354{
2355 char **file;
2356 char *match;
2357 char buf[__PAX_UTILS_PATH_MAX];
2358
2359 if (matchlist == NULL)
2360 return 0;
2361
2362 for (file = matchlist; *file != NULL; file++) {
2363 if (search_path) {
2364 snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "%s%s", search_path, *file);
2365 match = buf;
2366 } else {
2367 match = *file;
2368 }
2369 if (fnmatch(match, filename, 0) == 0)
2370 return 1;
2371 }
2372 return 0;
2373}

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