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Revision 1.3 Revision 1.4
1Gentoo-HOWTO 1Gentoo-HOWTO
2 2
3Written by Peter Gavin <pete@gentoo.org> and other members of the 3Written by Peter Gavin <pete@gentoo.org> and other members of the
4Gentoo Team 4Gentoo Team
5
6------------------------------------------------------------------------
7
8This document is a work in progress, and is constantly being updated
9and changed. It is by no means complete.
5 10
6------------------------------------------------------------------------ 11------------------------------------------------------------------------
7 12
8Contents 13Contents
9 14
17 B. Contents of an .ebuild File 22 B. Contents of an .ebuild File
18 C. Rules for Writing an .ebuild File 23 C. Rules for Writing an .ebuild File
19IV. Filesystem Locations 24IV. Filesystem Locations
20 A. Introduction to the FHS 25 A. Introduction to the FHS
21 B. How to Fit Your Packages into the Filesystem 26 B. How to Fit Your Packages into the Filesystem
27V. The Portage Scripts and Utilities
28 A. Public Scripts
29 1. ebuild
30 2. portage-merge
31 3. portage-unmerge
32 4. portage-maintain
33 5. pkgmerge
34 6. pkgname
35 B. Private Scripts
36 1. dobin
37 2. dodeps
38 3. dodir
39 4. dodoc
40 5. doexe
41 6. dohard
42 7. doinfo
43 8. doins
44 9. dolib
45 10. dolib.a
46 11. dolib.so
47 12. doman
48 13. domo
49 14. donewins
50 15. dopython
51 16. dosbin
52 17. dosed
53 18. dosym
54 19. find-packages
55 20. find-requires
56 21. fowners
57 22. fperms
58 23. import-configsettings
59 24. import-settings
60 25. megadigest
61 26. megadownload
62 27. megatouch
63 28. newbin
64 29. newdoc
65 30. newexe
66 31. newins
67 32. newlib.a
68 33. newlib.so
69 34. newman
70 36. newsbin
71 37. pkgmerge
72 38. pmake
73 39. portage-maintain
74 40. prepall
75 41. prepalldocs
76 42. prepallinfo
77 43. prepallman
78 44. prepallstrip
79 45. prepinfo
80 46. preplib
81 47. preplib.so
82 48. prepman
83 49. prepstrip
84 50. unpack
85 51. use
22 86
23------------------------------------------------------------------------ 87------------------------------------------------------------------------
24 88
25I. Introduction 89I. Introduction
26 90
129 net-print - print servers and clients 193 net-print - print servers and clients
130 194
131 net-www - http/www servers and clients 195 net-www - http/www servers and clients
132 196
133 sys-apps - system-critical applications and utilities 197 sys-apps - system-critical applications and utilities
134
135 sys-build - stuff thats in the build tarball; you don't
136 normally need any of these packages unless you are
137 building your entire system from scratch.
138 198
139 sys-devel - base development packages, such as gcc and make 199 sys-devel - base development packages, such as gcc and make
140 200
141 sys-kernel - linux kernels 201 sys-kernel - linux kernels
142 202
159 package to build should be called '${PF}-gentoo.diff'. You 219 package to build should be called '${PF}-gentoo.diff'. You
160 should not compress these diffs, since 1) they should not be big 220 should not compress these diffs, since 1) they should not be big
161 enough to require compressing, and 2) cvs does not play well 221 enough to require compressing, and 2) cvs does not play well
162 with binary files. 222 with binary files.
163 223
164 Please add a suffix or prefix such as ${PV}-${PR} to the tail 224 Please add a suffix or prefix such as ${PV}-r${PR} (or just
165 of every file you put into the files directory, so that the 225 ${PV} if ${PR} is 0) to the tail of every file you put into
166 files used for each individual version of your ebuild scripts 226 the files directory, so that the files used for each
167 are distinguishable from one another, and so that the changes 227 individual version of your ebuild scripts are distinguishable
168 between different revisions are visible. 228 from one another, and so that the changes between different
229 revisions are visible.
230
231 If you have many files that should go into the files
232 directory, you should create a subdirectory files/${PV}-${PR}
233 (or just files/${PV} if ${PR} is 0), and put all these files
234 in there. If you use this method, you do not need to suffix
235 the names of the files in this directory with the ebuild
236 version.
169 237
170III. .ebuild Files 238III. .ebuild Files
171 239
172 .ebuild files are the basis for the entire portage 240 .ebuild files are the basis for the entire portage
173 system. They contain all the information required to build a 241 system. They contain all the information required to build a
209 The fourth section of the .ebuild file name is always the 277 The fourth section of the .ebuild file name is always the
210 .ebuild extension. 278 .ebuild extension.
211 279
212 B. Contents of an .ebuild File 280 B. Contents of an .ebuild File
213 281
282 1. Variable Settings
283
284 The first part of every ebuild file is made up of a number of
285 variable settings. The variables you can set are
286
214 C. Rules for Writing an .ebuild File 287 C. Rules for Writing an .ebuild File
215 288
216IV. Filesystem Locations 289IV. Filesystem Locations
217 290
218 A. Introduction to the FHS 291 A. Introduction to the FHS
219 292
220 B. How to Fit Your Packages into the Filesystem 293 B. How to Fit Your Packages into the Filesystem
294
295V. The Portage Scripts and Utilities
296
297 A. Public Scripts
298
299 1. ebuild
300
301 2. portage-merge
302
303 3. portage-unmerge
304
305 4. portage-maintain
306
307 5. pkgmerge
308
309 6. pkgname
310
311 B. Private Scripts
312
313 1. dobin
314
315 2. dodeps
316
317 3. dodir
318
319 4. dodoc
320
321 5. doexe
322
323 6. dohard
324
325 7. doinfo
326
327 8. doins
328
329 9. dolib
330
331 10. dolib.a
332
333 11. dolib.so
334
335 12. doman
336
337 13. domo
338
339 14. donewins
340
341 15. dopython
342
343 16. dosbin
344
345 17. dosed
346
347 18. dosym
348
349 19. find-packages
350
351 20. find-requires
352
353 21. fowners
354
355 22. fperms
356
357 23. import-configsettings
358
359 24. import-settings
360
361 25. megadigest
362
363 26. megadownload
364
365 27. megatouch
366
367 28. newbin
368
369 29. newdoc
370
371 30. newexe
372
373 31. newins
374
375 32. newlib.a
376
377 33. newlib.so
378
379 34. newman
380
381 36. newsbin
382
383 37. pkgmerge
384
385 38. pmake
386
387 39. portage-maintain
388
389 40. prepall
390
391 41. prepalldocs
392
393 42. prepallinfo
394
395 43. prepallman
396
397 44. prepallstrip
398
399 45. prepinfo
400
401 46. preplib
402
403 47. preplib.so
404
405 48. prepman
406
407 49. prepstrip
408
409 50. unpack
410
411 51. use

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