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Revision 1.1 - (show annotations) (download)
Mon Apr 29 06:52:44 2002 UTC (17 years, 7 months ago) by sandymac
Branch: MAIN
CVS Tags: GENTOO_1_4_SNAP_2003010800, HEAD
Branch point for: RELEASE-1_4
Added the licenses directory to the portage base directory and included a few
licenses to get things started. This is the start of the first step from the
email linked below.

1 GNU Free Documentation License
2 Version 1.1, March 2000
4 Copyright (C) 2000 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
5 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111-1307 USA
6 Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies
7 of this license document, but changing it is not allowed.
12 The purpose of this License is to make a manual, textbook, or other
13 written document "free" in the sense of freedom: to assure everyone
14 the effective freedom to copy and redistribute it, with or without
15 modifying it, either commercially or noncommercially. Secondarily,
16 this License preserves for the author and publisher a way to get
17 credit for their work, while not being considered responsible for
18 modifications made by others.
20 This License is a kind of "copyleft", which means that derivative
21 works of the document must themselves be free in the same sense. It
22 complements the GNU General Public License, which is a copyleft
23 license designed for free software.
25 We have designed this License in order to use it for manuals for free
26 software, because free software needs free documentation: a free
27 program should come with manuals providing the same freedoms that the
28 software does. But this License is not limited to software manuals;
29 it can be used for any textual work, regardless of subject matter or
30 whether it is published as a printed book. We recommend this License
31 principally for works whose purpose is instruction or reference.
36 This License applies to any manual or other work that contains a
37 notice placed by the copyright holder saying it can be distributed
38 under the terms of this License. The "Document", below, refers to any
39 such manual or work. Any member of the public is a licensee, and is
40 addressed as "you".
42 A "Modified Version" of the Document means any work containing the
43 Document or a portion of it, either copied verbatim, or with
44 modifications and/or translated into another language.
46 A "Secondary Section" is a named appendix or a front-matter section of
47 the Document that deals exclusively with the relationship of the
48 publishers or authors of the Document to the Document's overall subject
49 (or to related matters) and contains nothing that could fall directly
50 within that overall subject. (For example, if the Document is in part a
51 textbook of mathematics, a Secondary Section may not explain any
52 mathematics.) The relationship could be a matter of historical
53 connection with the subject or with related matters, or of legal,
54 commercial, philosophical, ethical or political position regarding
55 them.
57 The "Invariant Sections" are certain Secondary Sections whose titles
58 are designated, as being those of Invariant Sections, in the notice
59 that says that the Document is released under this License.
61 The "Cover Texts" are certain short passages of text that are listed,
62 as Front-Cover Texts or Back-Cover Texts, in the notice that says that
63 the Document is released under this License.
65 A "Transparent" copy of the Document means a machine-readable copy,
66 represented in a format whose specification is available to the
67 general public, whose contents can be viewed and edited directly and
68 straightforwardly with generic text editors or (for images composed of
69 pixels) generic paint programs or (for drawings) some widely available
70 drawing editor, and that is suitable for input to text formatters or
71 for automatic translation to a variety of formats suitable for input
72 to text formatters. A copy made in an otherwise Transparent file
73 format whose markup has been designed to thwart or discourage
74 subsequent modification by readers is not Transparent. A copy that is
75 not "Transparent" is called "Opaque".
77 Examples of suitable formats for Transparent copies include plain
78 ASCII without markup, Texinfo input format, LaTeX input format, SGML
79 or XML using a publicly available DTD, and standard-conforming simple
80 HTML designed for human modification. Opaque formats include
81 PostScript, PDF, proprietary formats that can be read and edited only
82 by proprietary word processors, SGML or XML for which the DTD and/or
83 processing tools are not generally available, and the
84 machine-generated HTML produced by some word processors for output
85 purposes only.
87 The "Title Page" means, for a printed book, the title page itself,
88 plus such following pages as are needed to hold, legibly, the material
89 this License requires to appear in the title page. For works in
90 formats which do not have any title page as such, "Title Page" means
91 the text near the most prominent appearance of the work's title,
92 preceding the beginning of the body of the text.
97 You may copy and distribute the Document in any medium, either
98 commercially or noncommercially, provided that this License, the
99 copyright notices, and the license notice saying this License applies
100 to the Document are reproduced in all copies, and that you add no other
101 conditions whatsoever to those of this License. You may not use
102 technical measures to obstruct or control the reading or further
103 copying of the copies you make or distribute. However, you may accept
104 compensation in exchange for copies. If you distribute a large enough
105 number of copies you must also follow the conditions in section 3.
107 You may also lend copies, under the same conditions stated above, and
108 you may publicly display copies.
113 If you publish printed copies of the Document numbering more than 100,
114 and the Document's license notice requires Cover Texts, you must enclose
115 the copies in covers that carry, clearly and legibly, all these Cover
116 Texts: Front-Cover Texts on the front cover, and Back-Cover Texts on
117 the back cover. Both covers must also clearly and legibly identify
118 you as the publisher of these copies. The front cover must present
119 the full title with all words of the title equally prominent and
120 visible. You may add other material on the covers in addition.
121 Copying with changes limited to the covers, as long as they preserve
122 the title of the Document and satisfy these conditions, can be treated
123 as verbatim copying in other respects.
125 If the required texts for either cover are too voluminous to fit
126 legibly, you should put the first ones listed (as many as fit
127 reasonably) on the actual cover, and continue the rest onto adjacent
128 pages.
130 If you publish or distribute Opaque copies of the Document numbering
131 more than 100, you must either include a machine-readable Transparent
132 copy along with each Opaque copy, or state in or with each Opaque copy
133 a publicly-accessible computer-network location containing a complete
134 Transparent copy of the Document, free of added material, which the
135 general network-using public has access to download anonymously at no
136 charge using public-standard network protocols. If you use the latter
137 option, you must take reasonably prudent steps, when you begin
138 distribution of Opaque copies in quantity, to ensure that this
139 Transparent copy will remain thus accessible at the stated location
140 until at least one year after the last time you distribute an Opaque
141 copy (directly or through your agents or retailers) of that edition to
142 the public.
144 It is requested, but not required, that you contact the authors of the
145 Document well before redistributing any large number of copies, to give
146 them a chance to provide you with an updated version of the Document.
151 You may copy and distribute a Modified Version of the Document under
152 the conditions of sections 2 and 3 above, provided that you release
153 the Modified Version under precisely this License, with the Modified
154 Version filling the role of the Document, thus licensing distribution
155 and modification of the Modified Version to whoever possesses a copy
156 of it. In addition, you must do these things in the Modified Version:
158 A. Use in the Title Page (and on the covers, if any) a title distinct
159 from that of the Document, and from those of previous versions
160 (which should, if there were any, be listed in the History section
161 of the Document). You may use the same title as a previous version
162 if the original publisher of that version gives permission.
163 B. List on the Title Page, as authors, one or more persons or entities
164 responsible for authorship of the modifications in the Modified
165 Version, together with at least five of the principal authors of the
166 Document (all of its principal authors, if it has less than five).
167 C. State on the Title page the name of the publisher of the
168 Modified Version, as the publisher.
169 D. Preserve all the copyright notices of the Document.
170 E. Add an appropriate copyright notice for your modifications
171 adjacent to the other copyright notices.
172 F. Include, immediately after the copyright notices, a license notice
173 giving the public permission to use the Modified Version under the
174 terms of this License, in the form shown in the Addendum below.
175 G. Preserve in that license notice the full lists of Invariant Sections
176 and required Cover Texts given in the Document's license notice.
177 H. Include an unaltered copy of this License.
178 I. Preserve the section entitled "History", and its title, and add to
179 it an item stating at least the title, year, new authors, and
180 publisher of the Modified Version as given on the Title Page. If
181 there is no section entitled "History" in the Document, create one
182 stating the title, year, authors, and publisher of the Document as
183 given on its Title Page, then add an item describing the Modified
184 Version as stated in the previous sentence.
185 J. Preserve the network location, if any, given in the Document for
186 public access to a Transparent copy of the Document, and likewise
187 the network locations given in the Document for previous versions
188 it was based on. These may be placed in the "History" section.
189 You may omit a network location for a work that was published at
190 least four years before the Document itself, or if the original
191 publisher of the version it refers to gives permission.
192 K. In any section entitled "Acknowledgements" or "Dedications",
193 preserve the section's title, and preserve in the section all the
194 substance and tone of each of the contributor acknowledgements
195 and/or dedications given therein.
196 L. Preserve all the Invariant Sections of the Document,
197 unaltered in their text and in their titles. Section numbers
198 or the equivalent are not considered part of the section titles.
199 M. Delete any section entitled "Endorsements". Such a section
200 may not be included in the Modified Version.
201 N. Do not retitle any existing section as "Endorsements"
202 or to conflict in title with any Invariant Section.
204 If the Modified Version includes new front-matter sections or
205 appendices that qualify as Secondary Sections and contain no material
206 copied from the Document, you may at your option designate some or all
207 of these sections as invariant. To do this, add their titles to the
208 list of Invariant Sections in the Modified Version's license notice.
209 These titles must be distinct from any other section titles.
211 You may add a section entitled "Endorsements", provided it contains
212 nothing but endorsements of your Modified Version by various
213 parties--for example, statements of peer review or that the text has
214 been approved by an organization as the authoritative definition of a
215 standard.
217 You may add a passage of up to five words as a Front-Cover Text, and a
218 passage of up to 25 words as a Back-Cover Text, to the end of the list
219 of Cover Texts in the Modified Version. Only one passage of
220 Front-Cover Text and one of Back-Cover Text may be added by (or
221 through arrangements made by) any one entity. If the Document already
222 includes a cover text for the same cover, previously added by you or
223 by arrangement made by the same entity you are acting on behalf of,
224 you may not add another; but you may replace the old one, on explicit
225 permission from the previous publisher that added the old one.
227 The author(s) and publisher(s) of the Document do not by this License
228 give permission to use their names for publicity for or to assert or
229 imply endorsement of any Modified Version.
234 You may combine the Document with other documents released under this
235 License, under the terms defined in section 4 above for modified
236 versions, provided that you include in the combination all of the
237 Invariant Sections of all of the original documents, unmodified, and
238 list them all as Invariant Sections of your combined work in its
239 license notice.
241 The combined work need only contain one copy of this License, and
242 multiple identical Invariant Sections may be replaced with a single
243 copy. If there are multiple Invariant Sections with the same name but
244 different contents, make the title of each such section unique by
245 adding at the end of it, in parentheses, the name of the original
246 author or publisher of that section if known, or else a unique number.
247 Make the same adjustment to the section titles in the list of
248 Invariant Sections in the license notice of the combined work.
250 In the combination, you must combine any sections entitled "History"
251 in the various original documents, forming one section entitled
252 "History"; likewise combine any sections entitled "Acknowledgements",
253 and any sections entitled "Dedications". You must delete all sections
254 entitled "Endorsements."
259 You may make a collection consisting of the Document and other documents
260 released under this License, and replace the individual copies of this
261 License in the various documents with a single copy that is included in
262 the collection, provided that you follow the rules of this License for
263 verbatim copying of each of the documents in all other respects.
265 You may extract a single document from such a collection, and distribute
266 it individually under this License, provided you insert a copy of this
267 License into the extracted document, and follow this License in all
268 other respects regarding verbatim copying of that document.
273 A compilation of the Document or its derivatives with other separate
274 and independent documents or works, in or on a volume of a storage or
275 distribution medium, does not as a whole count as a Modified Version
276 of the Document, provided no compilation copyright is claimed for the
277 compilation. Such a compilation is called an "aggregate", and this
278 License does not apply to the other self-contained works thus compiled
279 with the Document, on account of their being thus compiled, if they
280 are not themselves derivative works of the Document.
282 If the Cover Text requirement of section 3 is applicable to these
283 copies of the Document, then if the Document is less than one quarter
284 of the entire aggregate, the Document's Cover Texts may be placed on
285 covers that surround only the Document within the aggregate.
286 Otherwise they must appear on covers around the whole aggregate.
291 Translation is considered a kind of modification, so you may
292 distribute translations of the Document under the terms of section 4.
293 Replacing Invariant Sections with translations requires special
294 permission from their copyright holders, but you may include
295 translations of some or all Invariant Sections in addition to the
296 original versions of these Invariant Sections. You may include a
297 translation of this License provided that you also include the
298 original English version of this License. In case of a disagreement
299 between the translation and the original English version of this
300 License, the original English version will prevail.
305 You may not copy, modify, sublicense, or distribute the Document except
306 as expressly provided for under this License. Any other attempt to
307 copy, modify, sublicense or distribute the Document is void, and will
308 automatically terminate your rights under this License. However,
309 parties who have received copies, or rights, from you under this
310 License will not have their licenses terminated so long as such
311 parties remain in full compliance.
316 The Free Software Foundation may publish new, revised versions
317 of the GNU Free Documentation License from time to time. Such new
318 versions will be similar in spirit to the present version, but may
319 differ in detail to address new problems or concerns. See
320 http://www.gnu.org/copyleft/.
322 Each version of the License is given a distinguishing version number.
323 If the Document specifies that a particular numbered version of this
324 License "or any later version" applies to it, you have the option of
325 following the terms and conditions either of that specified version or
326 of any later version that has been published (not as a draft) by the
327 Free Software Foundation. If the Document does not specify a version
328 number of this License, you may choose any version ever published (not
329 as a draft) by the Free Software Foundation.
332 ADDENDUM: How to use this License for your documents
334 To use this License in a document you have written, include a copy of
335 the License in the document and put the following copyright and
336 license notices just after the title page:
338 Copyright (c) YEAR YOUR NAME.
339 Permission is granted to copy, distribute and/or modify this document
340 under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.1
341 or any later version published by the Free Software Foundation;
342 with the Invariant Sections being LIST THEIR TITLES, with the
343 Front-Cover Texts being LIST, and with the Back-Cover Texts being LIST.
344 A copy of the license is included in the section entitled "GNU
345 Free Documentation License".
347 If you have no Invariant Sections, write "with no Invariant Sections"
348 instead of saying which ones are invariant. If you have no
349 Front-Cover Texts, write "no Front-Cover Texts" instead of
350 "Front-Cover Texts being LIST"; likewise for Back-Cover Texts.
352 If your document contains nontrivial examples of program code, we
353 recommend releasing these examples in parallel under your choice of
354 free software license, such as the GNU General Public License,
355 to permit their use in free software.

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