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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?>
2<?xml-stylesheet href="/xsl/guide.xsl" type="text/xsl"?>
3
4<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
5 3
6<guide link="/doc/en/faq.xml"> 4<guide link="/doc/en/faq.xml">
7<title>Gentoo Linux Frequently Asked Questions</title> 5<title>Gentoo Linux Frequently Asked Questions</title>
8<author title="Chief Architect"><mail link="drobbins@gentoo.org">Daniel Robbins</mail></author> 6<author title="Chief Architect"><mail link="drobbins@gentoo.org">Daniel Robbins</mail></author>
9<author title="Reviewer">Colin Morey</author> 7<author title="Reviewer">Colin Morey</author>
10<author title="Editor"><mail link="zhen@gentoo.org">John P. Davis</mail></author> 8<author title="Editor"><mail link="zhen@gentoo.org">John P. Davis</mail></author>
11<author title="Editor"><mail link="stocke2@gentoo.org">Eric Stockbridge</mail></author> 9<author title="Editor"><mail link="stocke2@gentoo.org">Eric Stockbridge</mail></author>
10<author title="Editor"><mail link="zhware@gentoo.org">Stoyan Zhekov</mail></author>
12<abstract>This FAQ is a collection of questions and answers collected from the gentoo-dev mailing list and from IRC -- if you have any questions (or answers!) to add, please contact either an author or a member of the documentation team.</abstract> 11<abstract>This FAQ is a collection of questions and answers collected from the gentoo-dev mailing list and from IRC -- if you have any questions (or answers!) to add, please contact either an author or a member of the documentation team.</abstract>
13 12
14<version>1.1.2</version> 13<version>1.1.3</version>
15<date>06 December 2002</date> 14<date>15 January 2003</date>
16 15
17<chapter> 16<chapter>
18 <title>Getting Started</title> 17 <title>Getting Started</title>
19 18
20 <section> 19 <section>
125 <title>How do i add a normal user?</title> 124 <title>How do i add a normal user?</title>
126 <body><p>Everyone seems to think that i shouldn't be using <e>root</e> for everyday use, 125 <body><p>Everyone seems to think that i shouldn't be using <e>root</e> for everyday use,
127 how can i add another user?</p> 126 how can i add another user?</p>
128 <p>The command <c>adduser gentoo</c> will add a user called gentoo. The next step is to give 127 <p>The command <c>adduser gentoo</c> will add a user called gentoo. The next step is to give
129 this user a password and <c>passwd</c> will do exactly that.</p> 128 this user a password and <c>passwd</c> will do exactly that.</p>
129 <p>Insteed of <c>adduser</c> you can also use:
130 <pre># <i>useradd gentoo -m -G users,audio,wheel -s /bin/bash</i></pre>
131 This will add a user gentoo, will make possible for him to use sound-related devices (<path>/dev/sound/*</path>), will make possible for him to switch to root (using <c>su</c>) and will make <path>/bin/bash</path> his login shell.
132 </p>
130 </body> 133 </body>
131 </section> 134 </section>
132 <section> 135 <section>
133 <title>Why can't a user su to root?</title> 136 <title>Why can't a user su to root?</title>
134 <body><p>For security reasons, users may only <c>su</c> to root if they belong to the 137 <body><p>For security reasons, users may only <c>su</c> to root if they belong to the
207 function to 1.1. By using this option you just switch the MPS version. The Multi-Processor-System 210 function to 1.1. By using this option you just switch the MPS version. The Multi-Processor-System
208 will still work properly. Make sure to boot Gentoo Linux with the following boot option, noapic. </p> 211 will still work properly. Make sure to boot Gentoo Linux with the following boot option, noapic. </p>
209 </body> 212 </body>
210 </section> 213 </section>
211 214
215 <section>
216 <title>If I have Gentoo 1.4_rc1 can I upgrade to 1.4_rc2, 1.4_final/_rc3 without reinstalling?</title>
217 <body>
218 In fact there is no difference between the 1.4 releases <b>after they&apos;ve installed</b>. Gentoo 1.4 and later are <c>glibc-2.3.x</c> based.
219 As such 1.4rc1 machine for example, that does <c>emerge rsync; emerge -u world</c> is <b>exactly the same</b> as a machine with 1.4rc2 installed, after it does <c>emerge rsync; emerge -u world</c>. The true differences lie in the installer.
220 </body>
221 </section>
212</chapter> 222</chapter>
213 223
214<chapter> 224<chapter>
215 <title>Package Management</title> 225 <title>Package Management</title>
216 <section> 226 <section>
438# <c>CONFIG_PROTECT="" emerge blackdown-jdk </c> 448# <c>CONFIG_PROTECT="" emerge blackdown-jdk </c>
439 </pre> 449 </pre>
440 450
441 </body> 451 </body>
442 </section> 452 </section>
453 <section>
454 <title>What's in <path>/var/tmp/portage</path>? Is it safe to delete the files and directories in <path>/var/tmp/portage</path>?</title>
455 <body>
456 During compilation, Gentoo saves the sources of the package in <path>/var/tmp/portage</path>. It is safe to clean out all contents of this directory.
457 </body>
458 </section>
443</chapter> 459</chapter>
444 460
445<chapter> 461<chapter>
446 <title>Usage</title> 462 <title>Usage</title>
447 <section> 463 <section>
488 </path>, so that it reads as follows:</p> 504 </path>, so that it reads as follows:</p>
489 <pre>#!/bin/sh --login</pre> 505 <pre>#!/bin/sh --login</pre>
490 <p>This fix has been added to recent versions of KDE.</p> 506 <p>This fix has been added to recent versions of KDE.</p>
491 </body> 507 </body>
492 </section> 508 </section>
509
510 <section>
511 <title>Why can't my user use their own crontab?</title>
512 <body><p>You need to add that user to the <i>cron</i> group.
513 </p>
514 </body>
515 </section>
493</chapter> 516</chapter>
494 517
495<chapter> 518<chapter>
496 <title>Maintenance</title> 519 <title>Maintenance</title>
497 <section> 520 <section>
514 <body> 537 <body>
515 <p>To view multilog (Gentoo Linux 1.0_rc5 and earlier) timestamps, you need to pipe the 538 <p>To view multilog (Gentoo Linux 1.0_rc5 and earlier) timestamps, you need to pipe the
516 current log through the <c>tai64nlocal</c>command:</p> 539 current log through the <c>tai64nlocal</c>command:</p>
517 540
518<pre> 541<pre>
519# <i>cat /var/log/syslog.d/current | tai64nlocal | less</i> 542# <i>tai64nlocal &lt; /var/log/syslog.d/current | less</i>
520</pre> 543</pre>
521 544
522<p>Or, alternatively, if you want to "tail" the log:</p> 545<p>Or, alternatively, if you want to "tail" the log:</p>
523 546
524<pre> 547<pre>
539 </p></body> 562 </p></body>
540 </section> 563 </section>
541 564
542 <section> 565 <section>
543 <title>How often are new releases made?</title> 566 <title>How often are new releases made?</title>
544 <body><p>New releases are announced on the <uri link="http://lists.gentoo.org/mailman/listinfo/gentoo-announce">gentoo-announce</uri> 567 <body><p>New releases are announced on the <uri link="http://www.gentoo.org/main/en/lists.xml">gentoo-announce</uri>
545 mailing list<!-- TODO: approximatley every X months -->, In reality the packages themselves 568 mailing list<!-- TODO: approximatley every X months -->, In reality the packages themselves
546 are updated shortly after the main authors release new code. As for when new Cd images etc 569 are updated shortly after the main authors release new code. As for when new Cd images etc
547 are released, that tends to be whenever there are any major updates to the base code, or when 570 are released, that tends to be whenever there are any major updates to the base code, or when
548 new modules get added.</p></body> 571 new modules get added.</p></body>
549 </section> 572 </section>

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