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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?>
2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/faq.xml,v 1.60 2004/04/19 17:36:45 swift Exp $ --> 2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/faq.xml,v 1.68 2004/07/05 11:10:24 neysx Exp $ -->
3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
4 4
5<guide link="/doc/en/faq.xml"> 5<guide link="/doc/en/faq.xml">
6<title>Gentoo Linux Frequently Asked Questions</title> 6<title>Gentoo Linux Frequently Asked Questions</title>
7<author title="Chief Architect"> 7<author title="Chief Architect">
35please contact either an author or a member of the documentation team. 35please contact either an author or a member of the documentation team.
36</abstract> 36</abstract>
37 37
38<license/> 38<license/>
39 39
40<version>2.2</version> 40<version>2.8</version>
41<date>April 15, 2004</date> 41<date>July 04, 2004</date>
42 42
43<chapter> 43<chapter>
44<title>Featured Questions</title> 44<title>Featured Questions</title>
45<section> 45<section>
46<title>Getting Started</title> 46<title>Getting Started</title>
47<body> 47<body>
48 48
49<ul> 49<ul>
50 <li> 50 <li>
51 <uri link="#doc_chap2_sect1">How is Gentoo pronounced, and what does it 51 <uri link="#pronunciation">How is Gentoo pronounced, and what does it
52 mean?</uri> 52 mean?</uri>
53 </li> 53 </li>
54 <li> 54 <li>
55 <uri link="#doc_chap2_sect2">What makes Gentoo different?</uri> 55 <uri link="#differences">What makes Gentoo different?</uri>
56 </li> 56 </li>
57</ul> 57</ul>
58 58
59</body> 59</body>
60</section> 60</section>
62<title>Installation</title> 62<title>Installation</title>
63<body> 63<body>
64 64
65<ul> 65<ul>
66 <li> 66 <li>
67 <uri link="#doc_chap3_sect1">I'm finding things to be really unstable and 67 <uri link="#optimizations">I'm finding things to be really unstable and
68 I'm using "-O9 -ffast-math -fomit-frame-pointer" optimizations. What 68 I'm using "-O9 -ffast-math -fomit-frame-pointer" optimizations. What
69 gives?</uri> 69 gives?</uri>
70 </li> 70 </li>
71 <li> 71 <li>
72 <uri link="#doc_chap3_sect2">How can I change the root (or any other user's) 72 <uri link="#password">How can I change the root (or any other user's)
73 password?</uri> 73 password?</uri>
74 </li> 74 </li>
75 <li> 75 <li>
76 <uri link="#doc_chap3_sect3">How do I add a normal user?</uri> 76 <uri link="#useradd">How do I add a normal user?</uri>
77 </li>
78 <li> 77 </li>
79 <uri link="#doc_chap3_sect4">Why can't a user su to root?</uri>
80 </li> 78 <li>
79 <uri link="#su">Why can't a user su to root?</uri>
81 <li> 80 </li>
82 <uri link="#doc_chap3_sect5">How do I disable devfs?</uri>
83 </li> 81 <li>
82 <uri link="#devfs">How do I disable devfs?</uri>
84 <li> 83 </li>
85 <uri link="#doc_chap3_sect6">Can I upgrade Gentoo from one release to 84 <li>
85 <uri link="#upgrade">Can I upgrade Gentoo from one release to
86 another without reinstalling?</uri> 86 another without reinstalling?</uri>
87 </li> 87 </li>
88 <li> 88 <li>
89 <uri link="#doc_chap3_sect7">My kernel doesn't boot (properly), what should 89 <uri link="#bootrescue">My kernel doesn't boot (properly), what should
90 I do now?</uri> 90 I do now?</uri>
91 </li> 91 </li>
92 <li> 92 <li>
93 <uri link="#doc_chap3_sect8">My proxy requires authentication, what do I 93 <uri link="#proxy">My proxy requires authentication, what do I
94 have to do?</uri> 94 have to do?</uri>
95 </li>
96 <li>
97 <uri link="#isoburning">How do I burn an ISO file?</uri>
95 </li> 98 </li>
96</ul> 99</ul>
97 100
98</body> 101</body>
99</section> 102</section>
101<title>Package Management</title> 104<title>Package Management</title>
102<body> 105<body>
103 106
104<ul> 107<ul>
105 <li> 108 <li>
106 <uri link="#doc_chap4_sect1">In what format are the packages stored?</uri> 109 <uri link="#ebuilds">In what format are the packages stored?</uri>
107 </li>
108 <li> 110 </li>
111 <li>
109 <uri link="#doc_chap4_sect2">I want to perform the ./configure step myself. 112 <uri link="#configure">I want to perform the ./configure step myself.
110 Can I?</uri> 113 Can I?</uri>
111 </li> 114 </li>
112 <li> 115 <li>
113 <uri link="#doc_chap4_sect3">What if rsync doesn't work for me?</uri> 116 <uri link="#norsync">What if rsync doesn't work for me?</uri>
114 </li>
115 <li> 117 </li>
118 <li>
116 <uri link="#doc_chap4_sect4">How do I use emerge from behind a 119 <uri link="#firewall">How do I use emerge from behind a
117 firewall?</uri> 120 firewall?</uri>
118 </li> 121 </li>
119 <li> 122 <li>
120 <uri link="#doc_chap4_sect5">Can I rsync from another operating 123 <uri link="#unison">Can I rsync from another operating
121 system?</uri> 124 system?</uri>
122 </li> 125 </li>
123 <li> 126 <li>
124 <uri link="#doc_chap4_sect6">I have only slow modem connection at home. Can 127 <uri link="#manualdownload">I have only slow modem connection at home. Can
125 I download sources somewhere else and add them to my system?</uri> 128 I download sources somewhere else and add them to my system?</uri>
126 </li> 129 </li>
127 <li> 130 <li>
128 <uri link="#doc_chap4_sect7">.tar.gz sources for installed software are 131 <uri link="#distfiles">.tar.gz sources for installed software are
129 piling up in /usr/portage/distfiles using valuable space. Is it safe to 132 piling up in /usr/portage/distfiles using valuable space. Is it safe to
130 delete there files?</uri> 133 delete there files?</uri>
131 </li> 134 </li>
132 <li> 135 <li>
133 <uri link="#doc_chap4_sect8">What's in /var/tmp/portage? Is it safe to 136 <uri link="#tmpportage">What's in /var/tmp/portage? Is it safe to
134 delete the files and directories in /var/tmp/portage?</uri> 137 delete the files and directories in /var/tmp/portage?</uri>
135 </li> 138 </li>
136</ul> 139</ul>
137 140
138</body> 141</body>
141<title>Usage</title> 144<title>Usage</title>
142<body> 145<body>
143 146
144<ul> 147<ul>
145 <li> 148 <li>
146 <uri link="#doc_chap5_sect1">I have installed openssh on my box, but can 149 <uri link="#rootssh">I have installed openssh on my box, but can
147 only log in as root - my normal user account doesn't work.</uri> 150 only log in as root - my normal user account doesn't work.</uri>
148 </li> 151 </li>
149 <li> 152 <li>
150 <uri link="#doc_chap5_sect2">I can start X applications as root only</uri> 153 <uri link="#rootX">I can start X applications as root only</uri>
151 </li>
152 <li> 154 </li>
155 <li>
153 <uri link="#doc_chap5_sect3">How do I set up an International Keyboard 156 <uri link="#intkeyboard">How do I set up an International Keyboard
154 Layout?</uri> 157 Layout?</uri>
155 </li> 158 </li>
156 <li> 159 <li>
157 <uri link="#doc_chap5_sect4">DNS name resolution works for root only.</uri> 160 <uri link="#rootdns">DNS name resolution works for root only.</uri>
158 </li>
159 <li> 161 </li>
160 <uri link="#doc_chap5_sect5">Why can't my user use their own crontab?</uri>
161 </li> 162 <li>
163 <uri link="#crontab">Why can't my user use their own crontab?</uri>
162 <li> 164 </li>
163 <uri link="#doc_chap5_sect6">How do I get numlock to start on boot?</uri>
164 </li> 165 <li>
166 <uri link="#numlock">How do I get numlock to start on boot?</uri>
165 <li> 167 </li>
168 <li>
166 <uri link="#doc_chap5_sect7">How do I have my terminal cleared when I log 169 <uri link="#clear">How do I have my terminal cleared when I log
167 out?</uri> 170 out?</uri>
168 </li> 171 </li>
169</ul> 172</ul>
170 173
171</body> 174</body>
174<title>Maintenance</title> 177<title>Maintenance</title>
175<body> 178<body>
176 179
177<ul> 180<ul>
178 <li> 181 <li>
179 <uri link="#doc_chap6_sect1">ReiserFS and filesystem corruption issues -- 182 <uri link="#filecorruption">ReiserFS and filesystem corruption issues --
180 how to fix'em, etc.</uri> 183 how to fix'em, etc.</uri>
181 </li> 184 </li>
182 <li> 185 <li>
183 <uri link="#doc_chap6_sect2">Metalogd doesn't log in real time!</uri> 186 <uri link="#metalogd">Metalogd doesn't log in real time!</uri>
184 </li> 187 </li>
185</ul> 188</ul>
186 189
187</body> 190</body>
188</section> 191</section>
190<title>Development</title> 193<title>Development</title>
191<body> 194<body>
192 195
193<ul> 196<ul>
194 <li> 197 <li>
195 <uri link="#doc_chap7_sect1">Where can I report bugs?</uri> 198 <uri link="#reportbugs">Where can I report bugs?</uri>
196 </li>
197 <li> 199 </li>
198 <uri link="#doc_chap7_sect2">How often are new releases made?</uri>
199 </li> 200 <li>
201 <uri link="#releases">How often are new releases made?</uri>
200 <li> 202 </li>
203 <li>
201 <uri link="#doc_chap7_sect3">How can I add a question or answer to this 204 <uri link="#addfaq">How can I add a question or answer to this
202 FAQ?</uri> 205 FAQ?</uri>
203 </li> 206 </li>
204 <li> 207 <li>
205 <uri link="#doc_chap7_sect4">My speaker beeps like crazy while compiling 208 <uri link="#beeping">My speaker beeps like crazy while compiling
206 Mozilla. How do I disable console beeps?</uri> 209 Mozilla. How do I disable console beeps?</uri>
207 </li> 210 </li>
208</ul> 211</ul>
209 212
210</body> 213</body>
213<title>Resources</title> 216<title>Resources</title>
214<body> 217<body>
215 218
216<ul> 219<ul>
217 <li> 220 <li>
218 <uri link="#doc_chap8_sect1">Where can I find more information about Gentoo 221 <uri link="#resources">Where can I find more information about Gentoo
219 Linux?</uri> 222 Linux?</uri>
220 </li> 223 </li>
221 <li> 224 <li>
222 <uri link="#doc_chap8_sect2">Can I buy a CD of Gentoo Linux?</uri> 225 <uri link="#buycd">Can I buy a CD of Gentoo Linux?</uri>
223 </li>
224 <li> 226 </li>
227 <li>
225 <uri link="#doc_chap8_sect3">Why, when I hit reply to a post on a Gentoo 228 <uri link="#mailinglist">Why, when I hit reply to a post on a Gentoo
226 mailinglist, does my answer only go to the original poster and not the 229 mailinglist, does my answer only go to the original poster and not the
227 entire list?</uri> 230 entire list?</uri>
228 </li> 231 </li>
229 <li> 232 <li>
230 <uri link="#doc_chap8_sect4">This FAQ hasn't answered my question. What do I 233 <uri link="#help">This FAQ hasn't answered my question. What do I
231 do now?</uri> 234 do now?</uri>
232 </li> 235 </li>
233</ul> 236</ul>
234 237
235</body> 238</body>
237</chapter> 240</chapter>
238 241
239<chapter> 242<chapter>
240<title>Getting Started</title> 243<title>Getting Started</title>
241 244
242<section> 245<section id="pronunciation">
243<title>How is Gentoo pronounced, and what does it mean?</title> 246<title>How is Gentoo pronounced, and what does it mean?</title>
244<body> 247<body>
245 248
246<p> 249<p>
247A <e>Gentoo</e> is a species of a small, fast penguin, pronounced "gen-too" (the 250A <e>Gentoo</e> is a species of a small, fast penguin, pronounced "gen-too" (the
250penguin by the inhabitants of the Falkland Islands. 253penguin by the inhabitants of the Falkland Islands.
251</p> 254</p>
252 255
253</body> 256</body>
254</section> 257</section>
255<section> 258<section id="differences">
256<title>What makes Gentoo different?</title> 259<title>What makes Gentoo different?</title>
257<body> 260<body>
258 261
259<p> 262<p>
260Gentoo uses a BSD ports-like system called <uri 263Gentoo uses a BSD ports-like system called <uri
289</section> 292</section>
290</chapter> 293</chapter>
291 294
292<chapter> 295<chapter>
293<title>Installation</title> 296<title>Installation</title>
294<section> 297<section id="optimizations">
295<title> 298<title>
296 I'm finding things to be really unstable and I'm using "-O9 -ffast-math 299 I'm finding things to be really unstable and I'm using "-O9 -ffast-math
297 -fomit-frame-pointer" optimizations. What gives? 300 -fomit-frame-pointer" optimizations. What gives?
298</title> 301</title>
299<body> 302<body>
310bug. 313bug.
311</p> 314</p>
312 315
313</body> 316</body>
314</section> 317</section>
315<section> 318<section id="password">
316<title>How can i change the root (or any other user's) password?</title> 319<title>How can i change the root (or any other user's) password?</title>
317<body> 320<body>
318 321
319<p> 322<p>
320You can use <c>passwd</c> to change the password for the user you are logged 323You can use <c>passwd</c> to change the password for the user you are logged
322completed the install. 325completed the install.
323</p> 326</p>
324 327
325</body> 328</body>
326</section> 329</section>
327<section> 330<section id="useradd">
328<title>How do i add a normal user?</title> 331<title>How do i add a normal user?</title>
329<body> 332<body>
330 333
331<p> 334<p>
332The command <c>adduser gentoo</c> will add a user called gentoo. The next step 335The command <c>adduser gentoo</c> will add a user called gentoo. The next step
353the instructions given to you by <c>superadduser</c>. 356the instructions given to you by <c>superadduser</c>.
354</p> 357</p>
355 358
356</body> 359</body>
357</section> 360</section>
358<section> 361<section id="su">
359<title>Why can't a user su to root?</title> 362<title>Why can't a user su to root?</title>
360<body> 363<body>
361 364
362<p> 365<p>
363For security reasons, users may only <c>su</c> to root if they belong to the 366For security reasons, users may only <c>su</c> to root if they belong to the
369# <i>gpasswd -a username wheel</i> 372# <i>gpasswd -a username wheel</i>
370</pre> 373</pre>
371 374
372</body> 375</body>
373</section> 376</section>
374<section> 377<section id="devfs">
375<title>How to I disable devfs?</title> 378<title>How to I disable devfs?</title>
376<body> 379<body>
377 380
378<p> 381<p>
379If you plan on using Gentoo with the "old-style" <path>/dev</path> approach, you 382If you plan on using Gentoo with the "old-style" <path>/dev</path> approach, you
384link="/doc/en/udev-guide.xml">udev guide</uri> too. 387link="/doc/en/udev-guide.xml">udev guide</uri> too.
385</p> 388</p>
386 389
387</body> 390</body>
388</section> 391</section>
389<section> 392<section id="upgrade">
390<title> 393<title>
391 Can I upgrade Gentoo from one release to another without reinstalling? 394 Can I upgrade Gentoo from one release to another without reinstalling?
392</title> 395</title>
393<body> 396<body>
394 397
398<c>glibc-2.3.x</c> based. As such running <c>emerge sync; emerge -u world</c> 401<c>glibc-2.3.x</c> based. As such running <c>emerge sync; emerge -u world</c>
399will bring your entire system up to speed with the "latest Gentoo". 402will bring your entire system up to speed with the "latest Gentoo".
400The true differences between individual releases lie in the installation. 403The true differences between individual releases lie in the installation.
401</p> 404</p>
402 405
406<p>
407More information can be found in our <uri link="gentoo-upgrading.xml">Gentoo
408Upgrading Guide</uri>.
409</p>
410
403</body> 411</body>
404</section>
405<section> 412</section>
413<section id="bootrescue">
406<title>My kernel doesn't boot (properly), what should I do now?</title> 414<title>My kernel doesn't boot (properly), what should I do now?</title>
407<body> 415<body>
408 416
409<p> 417<p>
410You don't need to redo every step of the installation, but only the 418You don't need to redo every step of the installation, but only the
444should reconfigure your bootloader (recompilation isn't necessary). 452should reconfigure your bootloader (recompilation isn't necessary).
445</p> 453</p>
446 454
447</body> 455</body>
448</section> 456</section>
449<section> 457<section id="proxy">
450<title>My proxy requires authentication, what do I have to do?</title> 458<title>My proxy requires authentication, what do I have to do?</title>
451<body> 459<body>
452 460
453<p> 461<p>
454When you have to download something using <c>wget</c>, use the 462When you have to download something using <c>wget</c>, use the
476handle this situation. 484handle this situation.
477</p> 485</p>
478 486
479</body> 487</body>
480</section> 488</section>
489<section id="isoburning">
490<title>How do I burn an ISO file?</title>
491<body>
492
493<p>
494You need to burn the file in so-called <e>raw</e> mode. This means that you
495should <e>not</e> just place the file on the CD, but interpret the file as an
496entire CD.
497</p>
498
499<p>
500There are lots of CD burning tools available; covering them all would be a
501Sisyphean problem. Describing a few popular tools however doesn't hurt :)
502</p>
503
504<ul>
505 <li>
506 With EasyCD Creator you select <c>File</c>, <c>Record CD
507 from CD image</c>. Then you change the <c>Files of type</c> to <c>ISO image
508 file</c>. Then locate the ISO file and click <c>Open</c>. When you click on
509 <c>Start recording</c> the ISO image will be burned correctly onto the CD-R.
510 </li>
511 <li>
512 With Nero Burning ROM, cancel the wizard which automatically pops up and
513 select <c>Burn Image</c> from the <c>Recoder</c> menu. Select the image you
514 want to burn and click <c>Open</c>. Now hit the <c>Burn</c> button and watch
515 your brand new CD being burnt.
516 </li>
517 <li>
518 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace
519 <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device path) followed
520 by the path to the ISO file :)
521 </li>
522 <li>
523 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then
524 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click
525 <c>Start</c>.
526 </li>
527 <li>
528 With Mac OS X Panther, launch <c>Disk Utility</c> from
529 <path>Applications/Utilities</path>, select <c>Open</c> from the
530 <c>Images</c> menu, select the mounted disk image in the main window and
531 select <c>Burn</c> in the <c>Images</c> menu.
532 </li>
533 <li>
534 With Mac OS X Jaguar, launch <c>Disk Copy</c> from
535 <path>Applications/Utilities</path>, select <c>Burn Image</c> from the
536 <c>File</c> menu, select the ISO and click the <c>Burn</c> button.
537 </li>
538</ul>
539
540
541</body>
542</section>
481</chapter> 543</chapter>
482 544
483<chapter> 545<chapter>
484<title>Package Management</title> 546<title>Package Management</title>
485<section> 547<section id="ebuilds">
486<title>In what format are the packages stored?</title> 548<title>In what format are the packages stored?</title>
487<body> 549<body>
488 550
489<p> 551<p>
490They exist in our portage tree as <e>ebuild</e> autobuild scripts; Gentoo is 552They exist in our portage tree as <e>ebuild</e> autobuild scripts; Gentoo is
498file). 560file).
499</p> 561</p>
500 562
501</body> 563</body>
502</section> 564</section>
503<section> 565<section id="configure">
504<title>I want to perform the ./configure step myself. Can I?</title> 566<title>I want to perform the ./configure step myself. Can I?</title>
505<body> 567<body>
506 568
507<p> 569<p>
508Yes, but it is not trivial, and the next method only works when it is a simple 570Yes, but it is not trivial, and the next method only works when it is a simple
529merge</c>. 591merge</c>.
530</p> 592</p>
531 593
532</body> 594</body>
533</section> 595</section>
534<section> 596<section id="norsync">
535<title>What if rsync doesn't work for me?</title> 597<title>What if rsync doesn't work for me?</title>
536<body> 598<body>
537 599
538<p> 600<p>
539If you're behind a firewall that doesn't permit rsync traffic, then you can use 601If you're behind a firewall that doesn't permit rsync traffic, then you can use
546# <i>emerge-webrsync</i> 608# <i>emerge-webrsync</i>
547</pre> 609</pre>
548 610
549</body> 611</body>
550</section> 612</section>
551<section> 613<section id="firewall">
552<title>How do I use emerge from behind a firewall?</title> 614<title>How do I use emerge from behind a firewall?</title>
553<body> 615<body>
554 616
555<p> 617<p>
556Edit the PROXY settings in <path>/etc/make.conf</path>. If that doesn't work, 618Edit the PROXY settings in <path>/etc/make.conf</path>. If that doesn't work,
558appropriately. 620appropriately.
559</p> 621</p>
560 622
561</body> 623</body>
562</section> 624</section>
563<section> 625<section id="unison">
564<title>Can I rsync from another operating system?</title> 626<title>Can I rsync from another operating system?</title>
565<body> 627<body>
566 628
567<p> 629<p>
568There's a program called unison that works under both UNIX and Win32, available 630There's a program called unison that works under both UNIX and Win32, available
569from <uri>http://www.cis.upenn.edu/~bcpierce/unison/</uri>. 631from <uri>http://www.cis.upenn.edu/~bcpierce/unison/</uri>.
570</p> 632</p>
571 633
572</body> 634</body>
573</section> 635</section>
574<section> 636<section id="manualdownload">
575<title> 637<title>
576 I have only slow modem connection at home. Can I download sources somewhere 638 I have only slow modem connection at home. Can I download sources somewhere
577 else and add them to my system? 639 else and add them to my system?
578</title> 640</title>
579<body> 641<body>
587picking up the sources you just brought in! 649picking up the sources you just brought in!
588</p> 650</p>
589 651
590</body> 652</body>
591</section> 653</section>
592<section> 654<section id="distfiles">
593<title> 655<title>
594 .tar.gz sources for installed software are piling up in 656 .tar.gz sources for installed software are piling up in
595 /usr/portage/distfiles/ using valuable space. Is it safe to delete these 657 /usr/portage/distfiles/ using valuable space. Is it safe to delete these
596 files? 658 files?
597</title> 659</title>
606again. 668again.
607</p> 669</p>
608 670
609</body> 671</body>
610</section> 672</section>
611<section> 673<section id="tmpportage">
612<title> 674<title>
613 What's in /var/tmp/portage? Is it safe to delete the files and 675 What's in /var/tmp/portage? Is it safe to delete the files and
614 directories in /var/tmp/portage? 676 directories in /var/tmp/portage?
615</title> 677</title>
616<body> 678<body>
625</section> 687</section>
626</chapter> 688</chapter>
627 689
628<chapter> 690<chapter>
629<title>Usage</title> 691<title>Usage</title>
630<section> 692<section id="rootssh">
631<title> 693<title>
632 I have installed openssh on my box, but can only log in as root - my normal 694 I have installed openssh on my box, but can only log in as root - my normal
633 user account doesn't work. 695 user account doesn't work.
634</title> 696</title>
635<body> 697<body>
645# <i>usermod -s /bin/bash myuser</i> 707# <i>usermod -s /bin/bash myuser</i>
646</pre> 708</pre>
647 709
648</body> 710</body>
649</section> 711</section>
650<section> 712<section id="rootX">
651<title>I can start X applications as root only.</title> 713<title>I can start X applications as root only.</title>
652<body> 714<body>
653 715
654<p> 716<p>
655Your <path>/tmp</path> directory has the wrong permissions (it needs the 717Your <path>/tmp</path> directory has the wrong permissions (it needs the
660# <i>chmod 1777 /tmp</i> 722# <i>chmod 1777 /tmp</i>
661</pre> 723</pre>
662 724
663</body> 725</body>
664</section> 726</section>
665<section> 727<section id="intkeyboard">
666<title>How do I set up an International Keyboard Layout?</title> 728<title>How do I set up an International Keyboard Layout?</title>
667<body> 729<body>
668 730
669<p> 731<p>
670Edit the <c>KEYMAP</c> variable in <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>. 732Edit the <c>KEYMAP</c> variable in <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>.
672<c>/etc/init.d/keymaps restart</c>. 734<c>/etc/init.d/keymaps restart</c>.
673</p> 735</p>
674 736
675</body> 737</body>
676</section> 738</section>
677<section> 739<section id="rootdns">
678<title>DNS name resolution works for root only.</title> 740<title>DNS name resolution works for root only.</title>
679<body> 741<body>
680 742
681<p> 743<p>
682<path>/etc/resolv.conf</path> has the wrong permissions; <c>chmod</c> it as 744<path>/etc/resolv.conf</path> has the wrong permissions; <c>chmod</c> it as
687# <i>chmod 0644 /etc/resolv.conf</i> 749# <i>chmod 0644 /etc/resolv.conf</i>
688</pre> 750</pre>
689 751
690</body> 752</body>
691</section> 753</section>
692<section> 754<section id="crontab">
693<title>Why can't my user use their own crontab?</title> 755<title>Why can't my user use their own crontab?</title>
694<body> 756<body>
695 757
696<p> 758<p>
697You need to add that user to the <c>cron</c> group. 759You need to add that user to the <c>cron</c> group.
698</p> 760</p>
699 761
700</body> 762</body>
701</section> 763</section>
702<section> 764<section id="numlock">
703<title>How do I get numlock to start on boot?</title> 765<title>How do I get numlock to start on boot?</title>
704<body> 766<body>
705 767
706<p> 768<p>
707If you log on graphically, or want numlock to be activated when 769If you log on graphically, or want numlock to be activated when
711<path>/etc/X11/Sessions/</path> (for any graphical login manager) such 773<path>/etc/X11/Sessions/</path> (for any graphical login manager) such
712as <path>/etc/X11/Sessions/Gnome</path> for GDM. 774as <path>/etc/X11/Sessions/Gnome</path> for GDM.
713</p> 775</p>
714 776
715<p> 777<p>
778GNOME 2.6 users however will notice that this doesn't work. Instead, they will
779need to start the <c>gnome-session-properties</c> tool. At the top of the
780Window, select <c>Startup Programs</c> and click the <c>Add</c> button. Now
781insert the location of the <c>numlockx</c> tool (for instance
782<path>/usr/X11R6/bin/numlockx</path>) and exit.
783</p>
784
785<p>
716If you work in commandline, you only need to <c>rc-update add 786If you work in commandline, you only need to <c>rc-update add
717numlock default</c> and numlock will be activated on the next 787numlock default</c> and numlock will be activated on the next
718reboot. 788reboot.
719</p> 789</p>
720 790
721</body> 791</body>
722</section> 792</section>
723<section> 793<section id="clear">
724<title>How do I have my terminal cleared when I log out?</title> 794<title>How do I have my terminal cleared when I log out?</title>
725<body> 795<body>
726 796
727<p> 797<p>
728To have your terminal cleared, add <c>clear</c> to your 798To have your terminal cleared, add <c>clear</c> to your
745</section> 815</section>
746</chapter> 816</chapter>
747 817
748<chapter> 818<chapter>
749<title>Maintenance</title> 819<title>Maintenance</title>
750<section> 820<section id="filecorruption">
751<title>ReiserFS and filesystem corruption issues -- how to fix'em, etc</title> 821<title>ReiserFS and filesystem corruption issues -- how to fix'em, etc</title>
752<body> 822<body>
753 823
754<p> 824<p>
755If your ReiserFS partition is corrupt, try booting the Gentoo 825If your ReiserFS partition is corrupt, try booting the Gentoo
759to the corruption. 829to the corruption.
760</p> 830</p>
761 831
762</body> 832</body>
763</section> 833</section>
764<section> 834<section id="metalogd">
765<title>Metalogd doesn't log in real time!</title> 835<title>Metalogd doesn't log in real time!</title>
766<body> 836<body>
767 837
768<p> 838<p>
769Metalog flushes output to the disk in blocks, so messages aren't immediately 839Metalog flushes output to the disk in blocks, so messages aren't immediately
788</section> 858</section>
789</chapter> 859</chapter>
790 860
791<chapter> 861<chapter>
792<title>Development</title> 862<title>Development</title>
793<section> 863<section id="reportbugs">
794<title>Where can I report bugs?</title> 864<title>Where can I report bugs?</title>
795<body> 865<body>
796 866
797<p> 867<p>
798For bugs within a specific program, contact the program's author. Otherwise, 868For bugs within a specific program, contact the program's author. Otherwise,
801link="http://www.freenode.net">FreeNode</uri> IRC network. 871link="http://www.freenode.net">FreeNode</uri> IRC network.
802</p> 872</p>
803 873
804</body> 874</body>
805</section> 875</section>
806<section> 876<section id="releases">
807<title>How often are new releases made?</title> 877<title>How often are new releases made?</title>
808<body> 878<body>
809 879
810<p> 880<p>
811New releases are announced on the <uri 881New releases are announced on the <uri
815<uri link="/proj/en/releng">Release Engineering Project</uri> page. 885<uri link="/proj/en/releng">Release Engineering Project</uri> page.
816</p> 886</p>
817 887
818</body> 888</body>
819</section> 889</section>
820<section> 890<section id="addfaq">
821<title>How can I add a question or answer to this FAQ?</title> 891<title>How can I add a question or answer to this FAQ?</title>
822<body> 892<body>
823 893
824<p> 894<p>
825Submit a new bug over at <uri>http://bugs.gentoo.org</uri> and add it to the 895Submit a new bug over at <uri>http://bugs.gentoo.org</uri> and add it to the
826"Docs-user" product, "Gentoo Linux FAQ" component. 896"Docs-user" product, "Gentoo Linux FAQ" component.
827</p> 897</p>
828 898
829</body> 899</body>
830</section> 900</section>
831<section> 901<section id="beeping">
832<title> 902<title>
833 My speaker beeps like crazy while compiling Mozilla. How do I disable console 903 My speaker beeps like crazy while compiling Mozilla. How do I disable console
834 beeps? 904 beeps?
835</title> 905</title>
836<body> 906<body>
864</section> 934</section>
865</chapter> 935</chapter>
866 936
867<chapter> 937<chapter>
868<title>Resources</title> 938<title>Resources</title>
869<section> 939<section id="resources">
870<title>Where can I find more information about Gentoo Linux?</title> 940<title>Where can I find more information about Gentoo Linux?</title>
871<body> 941<body>
872 942
873<p> 943<p>
874The official Gentoo documentation can be found on 944The official Gentoo documentation can be found on
876<uri>http://www.tldp.org</uri>. 946<uri>http://www.tldp.org</uri>.
877</p> 947</p>
878 948
879</body> 949</body>
880</section> 950</section>
881<section> 951<section id="buycd">
882<title>Can I buy a CD of Gentoo Linux?</title> 952<title>Can I buy a CD of Gentoo Linux?</title>
883<body> 953<body>
884 954
885<p> 955<p>
886Yes! LiveCDs for all supported architecture are available on 956Yes! LiveCDs for all supported architecture are available on
889So, please consider buying from our store if possible :-) 959So, please consider buying from our store if possible :-)
890</p> 960</p>
891 961
892<p> 962<p>
893You can also find fresh CDs from 963You can also find fresh CDs from
894<uri link = "http://cart.cheapbytes.com/cgi-bin/cart/0070010933">Cheapbytes
895</uri> and <uri link = "http://www.tuxcds.com/section.php?section=42"> 964<uri link = "http://www.tuxcds.com/section.php?section=42">
896tuxcds</uri> for a very good price. These people also bounce back a 965tuxcds</uri> for a very good price. These people also bounce back a
897portion of the profits to the Gentoo project, so buy them while they are hot! 966portion of the profits to the Gentoo project, so buy them while they are hot!
898</p> 967</p>
899 968
900</body> 969</body>
901</section> 970</section>
902<section> 971<section id="mailinglist">
903<title> 972<title>
904 Why, when I hit reply to a post on a Gentoo mailing list, does my answer 973 Why, when I hit reply to a post on a Gentoo mailing list, does my answer
905 only go to the original poster and not the entire list? 974 only go to the original poster and not the entire list?
906</title> 975</title>
907<body> 976<body>
940administrators have seen them). 1009administrators have seen them).
941</p> 1010</p>
942 1011
943</body> 1012</body>
944</section> 1013</section>
945<section> 1014<section id="help">
946<title>This FAQ hasn't answered my question. What do I do now?</title> 1015<title>This FAQ hasn't answered my question. What do I do now?</title>
947<body> 1016<body>
948 1017
949<p> 1018<p>
950A good first step is to browse through the relevant <uri 1019A good first step is to browse through the relevant <uri

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