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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?>
2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/faq.xml,v 1.68 2004/07/05 11:10:24 neysx Exp $ --> 2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/faq.xml,v 1.74 2004/11/09 08:11:00 swift Exp $ -->
3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
4 4
5<guide link="/doc/en/faq.xml"> 5<guide link="/doc/en/faq.xml">
6<title>Gentoo Linux Frequently Asked Questions</title> 6<title>Gentoo Linux Frequently Asked Questions</title>
7<author title="Chief Architect"> 7<author title="Previous Chief Architect">
8 <mail link="drobbins@gentoo.org">Daniel Robbins</mail> 8 <mail link="drobbins@gentoo.org">Daniel Robbins</mail>
9</author> 9</author>
10<author title="Reviewer"> 10<author title="Reviewer">
11 Colin Morey 11 Colin Morey
12</author> 12</author>
35please contact either an author or a member of the documentation team. 35please contact either an author or a member of the documentation team.
36</abstract> 36</abstract>
37 37
38<license/> 38<license/>
39 39
40<version>2.8</version> 40<version>2.10</version>
41<date>July 04, 2004</date> 41<date>November 09, 2004</date>
42 42
43<chapter> 43<chapter>
44<title>Featured Questions</title> 44<title>Featured Questions</title>
45<section> 45<section>
46<title>Getting Started</title> 46<title>Getting Started</title>
262<p> 262<p>
263Gentoo uses a BSD ports-like system called <uri 263Gentoo uses a BSD ports-like system called <uri
264link="/proj/en/portage">Portage</uri>. Portage is a package management system 264link="/proj/en/portage">Portage</uri>. Portage is a package management system
265that allows great flexibility while installing and maintaining software on a 265that allows great flexibility while installing and maintaining software on a
266Gentoo system. It provides compile-time option support (through <uri 266Gentoo system. It provides compile-time option support (through <uri
267link="/doc/en/handbook/handbook-x86.xml?part=2&amp;chap=1">USE flags</uri>), 267link="/doc/en/handbook/handbook-x86.xml?part=2&amp;chap=2">USE flags</uri>),
268conditional dependencies, "fake" installs, safe installation (through 268conditional dependencies, "fake" installs, safe installation (through
269sandboxing) and uninstallation of software, system profiles, <uri 269sandboxing) and uninstallation of software, system profiles, <uri
270link="/doc/en/handbook/handbook-x86.xml?part=2&amp;chap=4#doc_chap1">configuration 270link="/doc/en/handbook/handbook-x86.xml?part=3&amp;chap=2#doc_chap3">configuration
271file protection</uri> amongst several other <uri 271file protection</uri> amongst several other <uri
272link="/doc/en/handbook/handbook-x86.xml?part=2&amp;chap=3">features</uri>. 272link="/doc/en/handbook/handbook-x86.xml?part=2&amp;chap=1">features</uri>.
273</p> 273</p>
274 274
275<p> 275<p>
276With Gentoo you can build your entire system from source completely using your 276With Gentoo you can build your entire system from source completely using your
277choice of optimizations. You have complete control over what packages are or 277choice of optimizations. You have complete control over what packages are or
343<pre caption="Using useradd"> 343<pre caption="Using useradd">
344# <i>useradd gentoo -m -G users,audio,wheel -s /bin/bash</i> 344# <i>useradd gentoo -m -G users,audio,wheel -s /bin/bash</i>
345</pre> 345</pre>
346 346
347<p> 347<p>
348This will add a user gentoo, will make possible for him/her to use sound-related 348This will add a user gentoo, will make possible for him to use sound-related
349devices (<path>/dev/sound/*</path>), will make possible for him/her to switch to 349devices (<path>/dev/sound/*</path>), will make possible for him to switch to
350root (using <c>su</c>) and will make <path>/bin/bash</path> his/her login shell. 350root (using <c>su</c>) and will make <path>/bin/bash</path> his/her login shell.
351</p> 351</p>
352 352
353<p> 353<p>
354You can also install <c>superadduser</c> using <c>emerge superadduser</c> and 354You can also install <c>superadduser</c> using <c>emerge superadduser</c> and
396<body> 396<body>
397 397
398<p> 398<p>
399In fact there is no difference between the various releases 399In fact there is no difference between the various releases
400<b>after they have been installed</b>. Gentoo 1.4 and later are 400<b>after they have been installed</b>. Gentoo 1.4 and later are
401<c>glibc-2.3.x</c> based. As such running <c>emerge sync; emerge -u world</c> 401<c>glibc-2.3.x</c> based. As such running <c>emerge --sync; emerge -u world</c>
402will bring your entire system up to speed with the "latest Gentoo". 402will bring your entire system up to speed with the "latest Gentoo".
403The true differences between individual releases lie in the installation. 403The true differences between individual releases lie in the installation.
404</p> 404</p>
405 405
406<p> 406<p>
508 file</c>. Then locate the ISO file and click <c>Open</c>. When you click on 508 file</c>. Then locate the ISO file and click <c>Open</c>. When you click on
509 <c>Start recording</c> the ISO image will be burned correctly onto the CD-R. 509 <c>Start recording</c> the ISO image will be burned correctly onto the CD-R.
510 </li> 510 </li>
511 <li> 511 <li>
512 With Nero Burning ROM, cancel the wizard which automatically pops up and 512 With Nero Burning ROM, cancel the wizard which automatically pops up and
513 select <c>Burn Image</c> from the <c>Recoder</c> menu. Select the image you 513 select <c>Burn Image</c> from the <c>File</c> menu. Select the image you
514 want to burn and click <c>Open</c>. Now hit the <c>Burn</c> button and watch 514 want to burn and click <c>Open</c>. Now hit the <c>Burn</c> button and watch
515 your brand new CD being burnt. 515 your brand new CD being burnt.
516 </li> 516 </li>
517 <li> 517 <li>
518 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace 518 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace
551<p> 551<p>
552They exist in our portage tree as <e>ebuild</e> autobuild scripts; Gentoo is 552They exist in our portage tree as <e>ebuild</e> autobuild scripts; Gentoo is
553primarily a ports-based distribution, meaning that we provide scripts 553primarily a ports-based distribution, meaning that we provide scripts
554(<c>.ebuild</c> files) and a special system (Portage) so that you can build 554(<c>.ebuild</c> files) and a special system (Portage) so that you can build
555apps from sources. We generally only build binaries for releases and snapshots. 555apps from sources. We generally only build binaries for releases and snapshots.
556The <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-howto.xml">Development HOWTO</uri> covers the 556The <uri link="/proj/en/devrel/handbook/handbook.xml?part=2&amp;chap=1">Gentoo
557Ebuild HOWTO</uri> covers the
557contents of an ebuild script in detail. For full binary ISO releases, we 558contents of an ebuild script in detail. For full binary ISO releases, we
558create a full suite of binary packages in an enhanced <c>.tbz2</c> format 559create a full suite of binary packages in an enhanced <c>.tbz2</c> format
559(<c>.tar.bz2</c> compatible with meta-information attached to the end of the 560(<c>.tar.bz2</c> compatible with meta-information attached to the end of the
560file). 561file).
561</p> 562</p>

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