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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?>
2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/faq.xml,v 1.82 2005/04/16 21:20:42 swift Exp $ --> 2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/faq.xml,v 1.96 2005/07/26 14:22:01 neysx Exp $ -->
3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
4 4
5<guide link="/doc/en/faq.xml"> 5<guide link="/doc/en/faq.xml">
6<title>Gentoo Linux Frequently Asked Questions</title> 6<title>Gentoo Linux Frequently Asked Questions</title>
7<author title="Previous Chief Architect"> 7<author title="Author">
8 <mail link="drobbins@gentoo.org">Daniel Robbins</mail> 8 <mail link="drobbins@gentoo.org">Daniel Robbins</mail>
9</author> 9</author>
10<author title="Reviewer"> 10<author title="Reviewer">
11 Colin Morey 11 Colin Morey
12</author> 12</author>
29 <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail> 29 <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail>
30</author> 30</author>
31<author title="Editor"> 31<author title="Editor">
32 <mail link="bennyc@gentoo.org">Benny Chuang</mail> 32 <mail link="bennyc@gentoo.org">Benny Chuang</mail>
33</author> 33</author>
34<author title="Editor">
35 <mail link="smithj@gentoo.org">Jonathan Smith</mail>
36</author>
34 37
35<abstract> 38<abstract>
36This FAQ is a collection of questions and answers collected from the gentoo-dev 39This FAQ is a collection of questions and answers collected from the gentoo-dev
37mailing list and from IRC -- if you have any questions (or answers!) to add, 40mailing list and from IRC.
38please contact either an author or a member of the documentation team.
39</abstract> 41</abstract>
40 42
43<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
44<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0 -->
41<license/> 45<license/>
42 46
43<version>2.15</version> 47<version>3.0.7</version>
44<date>2005-04-16</date> 48<date>2005-07-26</date>
45 49
46<chapter> 50<chapter>
47<title>Featured Questions</title> 51<title>Questions:</title>
48<section> 52<section>
49<title>Getting Started</title> 53<title>Getting Started</title>
50<body> 54<body>
51 55
56<p>
57Please note that many of these questions are answered within the official
58Gentoo documents and guides. This is simply a list of common questions. Please
59read the documentation and/or man pages to gain a greater understanding of how
60Gentoo and GNU/Linux works, and for answers to questions which may not be
61answered here.
62</p>
63
52<ul> 64<ul>
53 <li> 65 <li>
54 <uri link="#pronunciation">How is Gentoo pronounced, and what does it 66 <uri link="#pronunciation">How is Gentoo pronounced, and what does it
55 mean?</uri> 67 mean?</uri>
56 </li> 68 </li>
65<title>Installation</title> 77<title>Installation</title>
66<body> 78<body>
67 79
68<ul> 80<ul>
69 <li> 81 <li>
70 <uri link="#optimizations">I'm finding things to be really unstable and 82 <uri link="#optimizations">Things are really unstable and I'm using "-O9
71 I'm using "-O9 -ffast-math -fomit-frame-pointer" optimizations. What 83 -ffast-math -fomit-frame-pointer" optimizations. What gives?</uri>
72 gives?</uri>
73 </li> 84 </li>
74 <li> 85 <li>
75 <uri link="#password">How can I change the root (or any other user's) 86 <uri link="#password">How can I change the root (or any other user's)
76 password?</uri> 87 password?</uri>
77 </li> 88 </li>
117 <li> 128 <li>
118 <uri link="#configure">I want to perform the ./configure step myself. 129 <uri link="#configure">I want to perform the ./configure step myself.
119 Can I?</uri> 130 Can I?</uri>
120 </li> 131 </li>
121 <li> 132 <li>
122 <uri link="#norsync">What if rsync doesn't work for me?</uri>
123 </li>
124 <li>
125 <uri link="#firewall">How do I use emerge from behind a 133 <uri link="#firewall">How do I use emerge from behind a
126 firewall?</uri> 134 firewall?</uri>
127 </li> 135 </li>
128 <li> 136 <li>
129 <uri link="#unison">Can I rsync from another operating 137 <uri link="#norsync">What if rsync doesn't work for me?</uri>
130 system?</uri>
131 </li> 138 </li>
132 <li> 139 <li>
133 <uri link="#manualdownload">I have only slow modem connection at home. Can 140 <uri link="#manualdownload">I have only slow modem connection at home. Can
134 I download sources somewhere else and add them to my system?</uri> 141 I download sources somewhere else and add them to my system?</uri>
135 </li> 142 </li>
136 <li> 143 <li>
137 <uri link="#distfiles">.tar.gz sources for installed software are 144 <uri link="#distfiles">Source tarballs are collecting in
138 piling up in /usr/portage/distfiles using valuable space. Is it safe to 145 /usr/portage/distfiles. Is it safe to delete these files?</uri>
139 delete there files?</uri>
140 </li> 146 </li>
141 <li> 147 <li>
142 <uri link="#tmpportage">What's in /var/tmp/portage? Is it safe to 148 <uri link="#tmpportage">What's in /var/tmp/portage? Is it safe to
143 delete the files and directories in /var/tmp/portage?</uri> 149 delete the files and directories in /var/tmp/portage?</uri>
144 </li> 150 </li>
150<title>Usage</title> 156<title>Usage</title>
151<body> 157<body>
152 158
153<ul> 159<ul>
154 <li> 160 <li>
155 <uri link="#rootssh">I have installed openssh on my box, but can
156 only log in as root - my normal user account doesn't work.</uri>
157 </li>
158 <li>
159 <uri link="#rootX">I can start X applications as root only</uri>
160 </li>
161 <li>
162 <uri link="#intkeyboard">How do I set up an International Keyboard 161 <uri link="#intkeyboard">How do I set up an International Keyboard
163 Layout?</uri> 162 Layout?</uri>
164 </li> 163 </li>
165 <li> 164 <li>
166 <uri link="#rootdns">DNS name resolution works for root only.</uri> 165 <uri link="#rootdns">DNS name resolution works for root only.</uri>
188<body> 187<body>
189 188
190<ul> 189<ul>
191 <li> 190 <li>
192 <uri link="#filecorruption">ReiserFS and filesystem corruption issues -- 191 <uri link="#filecorruption">ReiserFS and filesystem corruption issues --
193 how to fix'em, etc.</uri> 192 how to fix them, etc.</uri>
194 </li>
195 <li>
196 <uri link="#metalogd">Metalogd doesn't log in real time!</uri>
197 </li> 193 </li>
198</ul> 194</ul>
199 195
200</body> 196</body>
201</section> 197</section>
209 </li> 205 </li>
210 <li> 206 <li>
211 <uri link="#releases">How often are new releases made?</uri> 207 <uri link="#releases">How often are new releases made?</uri>
212 </li> 208 </li>
213 <li> 209 <li>
214 <uri link="#addfaq">How can I add a question or answer to this
215 FAQ?</uri>
216 </li>
217 <li>
218 <uri link="#beeping">My speaker beeps like crazy while compiling 210 <uri link="#beeping">My speaker beeps like crazy. How do I disable console
219 Mozilla. How do I disable console beeps?</uri> 211 beeps?</uri>
220 </li> 212 </li>
221</ul> 213</ul>
222 214
223</body> 215</body>
224</section> 216</section>
233 </li> 225 </li>
234 <li> 226 <li>
235 <uri link="#buycd">Can I buy a CD of Gentoo Linux?</uri> 227 <uri link="#buycd">Can I buy a CD of Gentoo Linux?</uri>
236 </li> 228 </li>
237 <li> 229 <li>
238 <uri link="#mailinglist">Why, when I hit reply to a post on a Gentoo
239 mailinglist, does my answer only go to the original poster and not the
240 entire list?</uri>
241 </li>
242 <li>
243 <uri link="#help">This FAQ hasn't answered my question. What do I 230 <uri link="#help">This FAQ hasn't answered my question. What do I
244 do now?</uri> 231 do now?</uri>
245 </li> 232 </li>
246</ul> 233</ul>
247 234
256<title>How is Gentoo pronounced, and what does it mean?</title> 243<title>How is Gentoo pronounced, and what does it mean?</title>
257<body> 244<body>
258 245
259<p> 246<p>
260A <e>Gentoo</e> is a species of a small, fast penguin, pronounced "gen-too" (the 247A <e>Gentoo</e> is a species of a small, fast penguin, pronounced "gen-too" (the
261"g" in "gentoo" is a soft "g", as in "gentle"). The scientific name of the Gentoo 248"g" in "Gentoo" is a soft "g", as in "gentle"). The scientific name of the Gentoo
262penguin is <e>Pygoscelis papua</e>. The name <e>Gentoo</e> has been given to the 249penguin is <e>Pygoscelis papua</e>. The name <e>Gentoo</e> has been given to the
263penguin by the inhabitants of the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas). 250penguin by the inhabitants of the Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas).
264</p> 251</p>
265 252
266</body> 253</body>
273Gentoo uses a BSD ports-like system called <uri 260Gentoo uses a BSD ports-like system called <uri
274link="/proj/en/portage">Portage</uri>. Portage is a package management system 261link="/proj/en/portage">Portage</uri>. Portage is a package management system
275that allows great flexibility while installing and maintaining software on a 262that allows great flexibility while installing and maintaining software on a
276Gentoo system. It provides compile-time option support (through <uri 263Gentoo system. It provides compile-time option support (through <uri
277link="/doc/en/handbook/handbook-x86.xml?part=2&amp;chap=2">USE flags</uri>), 264link="/doc/en/handbook/handbook-x86.xml?part=2&amp;chap=2">USE flags</uri>),
278conditional dependencies, "fake" installs, safe installation (through 265conditional dependencies, pre-package installation summary, safe installation
279sandboxing) and uninstallation of software, system profiles, <uri 266(through sandboxing) and uninstallation of software, system profiles, <uri
280link="/doc/en/handbook/handbook-x86.xml?part=3&amp;chap=2#doc_chap3">configuration 267link="/doc/en/handbook/handbook-x86.xml?part=3&amp;chap=2#doc_chap3">configuration
281file protection</uri> amongst several other <uri 268file protection</uri> amongst several other <uri
282link="/doc/en/handbook/handbook-x86.xml?part=2&amp;chap=1">features</uri>. 269link="/doc/en/handbook/handbook-x86.xml?part=2&amp;chap=1">features</uri>.
283</p> 270</p>
284 271
285<p> 272<p>
286With Gentoo you can build your entire system from source completely using your 273With Gentoo you can build your entire system from source, using your choice of
287choice of optimizations. You have complete control over what packages are or 274optimizations. You have complete control over what packages are or aren't
288aren't installed. Gentoo provides you with numerous choices so you can install 275installed. Gentoo provides you with numerous choices, so you can install Gentoo
289Gentoo to your own taste. This is why Gentoo is called a 276to your own preferences, which is why Gentoo is called a <e>meta-distribution</e>.
290<e>meta-distribution</e>.
291</p>
292
293<p> 277</p>
294Gentoo is very actively developed. Not only the <e>ebuilds</e> themselves (the 278
295package format Gentoo uses) but the entire distribution uses a rapid pace 279<p>
280Gentoo is actively developed. The entire distribution uses a rapid pace
296development style. Patches to the packages are quickly integrated in the 281development style: patches to the packages are quickly integrated in the
297mainline tree, documentation is updated on daily basis, portage features are 282mainline tree, documentation is updated on daily basis, Portage features are
298added frequently, releases succeed each other quickly, ... 283added frequently, and official releases occur twice per year.
299</p> 284</p>
300 285
301</body> 286</body>
302</section> 287</section>
303</chapter> 288</chapter>
304 289
305<chapter> 290<chapter>
306<title>Installation</title> 291<title>Installation</title>
307<section id="optimizations"> 292<section id="optimizations">
308<title> 293<title>
309 I'm finding things to be really unstable and I'm using "-O9 -ffast-math 294 Things are really unstable and I'm using -O9 -ffast-math
310 -fomit-frame-pointer" optimizations. What gives? 295 -fomit-frame-pointer optimizations. What gives?
311</title> 296</title>
312<body> 297<body>
313 298
314<p> 299<p>
315Don't bother using anything higher than <c>-O3</c> since it isn't supported by 300Don't bother using anything higher than <c>-O3</c> since it isn't supported by
317compiler to streamline the assembly code to the point where it doesn't quite 302compiler to streamline the assembly code to the point where it doesn't quite
318do the same thing anymore. 303do the same thing anymore.
319</p> 304</p>
320 305
321<p> 306<p>
322Please try to compile with CFLAGS <c>-march=&lt;your_arch&gt; -O2</c> first 307Please try to compile with CFLAGS <c>-O2 -march=&lt;your_arch&gt;</c> before
323before reporting a bug. 308reporting a bug.
324</p> 309</p>
325 310
326</body> 311</body>
327</section> 312</section>
328<section id="password"> 313<section id="password">
329<title>How can i change the root (or any other user's) password?</title> 314<title>How do I change the root (or any other user's) password?</title>
330<body> 315<body>
331 316
332<p> 317<p>
333You can use <c>passwd</c> to change the password for the user you are logged 318You can use <c>passwd</c> to change the password for the user you are logged
334into. For extra options and setting, please see <c>man passwd</c> once you've 319into. As root, you can change any user password by issuing the command
335completed the install. 320<c>passwd username</c> For extra options and setting, please <c>man passwd</c>.
336</p> 321</p>
337 322
338</body> 323</body>
339</section> 324</section>
340<section id="useradd"> 325<section id="useradd">
341<title>How do i add a normal user?</title> 326<title>How do I add a normal user?</title>
342<body> 327<body>
343 328
344<p>
345The command <c>adduser gentoo</c> will add a user called gentoo. The next step
346is to give this user a password and <c>passwd</c> will do exactly that.
347</p> 329<p>
348 330The command <c>adduser username</c> will add a user called "username". However,
349<p> 331this method does not give the user many of the rights you might want to grant
350Instead of <c>adduser</c> you can also use: 332him, so the following command is preferred:
351</p> 333</p>
352 334
353<pre caption="Using useradd"> 335<pre caption="Using useradd">
354# <i>useradd -m -G users,audio,wheel -s /bin/bash gentoo</i> 336# <i>useradd -m -G users,audio,wheel username</i>
355</pre> 337</pre>
356 338
357<p>
358This will add a user gentoo, will make possible for him to use sound-related
359devices (<path>/dev/sound/*</path>), will make possible for him to switch to
360root (using <c>su</c>) and will make <path>/bin/bash</path> his/her login shell.
361</p> 339<p>
362 340This will add a user named "username". The option <c>audio</c> adds them to the
363<p> 341<c>audio</c> group and allows the user to access sound devices. The option
364You can also install <c>superadduser</c> using <c>emerge superadduser</c> and 342<c>wheel</c> adds the user to the <c>wheel</c> group, which allows the user to
365then issue <c>superadduser gentoo</c> to add a user called gentoo. Just follow 343execute the command <c>su</c>, which in turn allows them to gain the
366the instructions given to you by <c>superadduser</c>. 344privileges of the <c>root</c> user.
367</p> 345</p>
368 346
369</body> 347</body>
370</section> 348</section>
371<section id="su"> 349<section id="su">
372<title>Why can't a user su to root?</title> 350<title>Why can't a user su to root?</title>
373<body> 351<body>
374 352
375<p> 353<p>
376For security reasons, users may only <c>su</c> to root if they belong to the 354For security reasons, users may only <c>su</c> to root if they belong to the
377<e>wheel</e> group. To add a <e>username</e> to the <e>wheel</e> group, issue 355wheel group. To add a username to the wheel group, issue the following command
378the following command as root: 356as root:
379</p> 357</p>
380 358
381<pre caption="Adding a user to the wheel group"> 359<pre caption="Adding a user to the wheel group">
382# <i>gpasswd -a username wheel</i> 360# <i>gpasswd -a username wheel</i>
383</pre> 361</pre>
387<section id="devfs"> 365<section id="devfs">
388<title>How do I disable devfs?</title> 366<title>How do I disable devfs?</title>
389<body> 367<body>
390 368
391<p> 369<p>
392If you plan on using Gentoo with the "old-style" <path>/dev</path> approach, you 370Gentoo requires either devfs kernel support or udev userland support to
393can disable devfs by passing the <c>gentoo=nodevfs</c> to the kernel. If on the 371function correctly. With the advent of the 2.6 kernel being stable on most
394other hand you want to use <uri link="/doc/en/udev-guide.xml">udev</uri> (2.6 372archs, udev is recommended. Please see the <uri
395kernels only), you can disable devfs by passing the <c>devfs=nomount</c> option
396to the kernel. Don't forget to read up on our <uri
397link="/doc/en/udev-guide.xml">udev guide</uri> too. 373link="/doc/en/udev-guide.xml">udev guide</uri> for information on configuring
374udev.
398</p> 375</p>
399 376
400</body> 377</body>
401</section> 378</section>
402<section id="upgrade"> 379<section id="upgrade">
404 Can I upgrade Gentoo from one release to another without reinstalling? 381 Can I upgrade Gentoo from one release to another without reinstalling?
405</title> 382</title>
406<body> 383<body>
407 384
408<p> 385<p>
409In fact there is no difference between the various releases 386In fact, there is no difference between the various releases after they have
410<b>after they have been installed</b>. Gentoo 1.4 and later are 387been installed. Gentoo 1.4 and later are <c>glibc-2.3.x</c> based. As such,
411<c>glibc-2.3.x</c> based. As such running <c>emerge --sync; emerge -u world</c> 388running <c>emerge --sync &amp;&amp; emerge -uDN world</c> will bring your
412will bring your entire system up to speed with the "latest Gentoo". 389entire system up to speed with the "latest Gentoo". The differences between
413The true differences between individual releases lie in the installation. 390individual releases lie in the installation medium and pre-compiled packages.
414</p> 391See the <uri link="/doc/en/gentoo-upgrading.xml">Gentoo Upgrading Guide</uri>
415 392for more information about profiles and their role in upgrading.
416<p>
417More information can be found in our <uri link="gentoo-upgrading.xml">Gentoo
418Upgrading Guide</uri>.
419</p> 393</p>
420 394
421</body> 395</body>
422</section> 396</section>
423<section id="bootrescue"> 397<section id="bootrescue">
424<title>My kernel doesn't boot (properly), what should I do now?</title> 398<title>My kernel doesn't boot, what should I do now?</title>
425<body> 399<body>
426 400
427<p> 401<p>
428You don't need to redo every step of the installation, but only the 402You don't need to redo every step of the installation, but investigating the
429kernel-stuff and all associated steps. Suppose you have installed Gentoo 403kernel and all associated steps is necessary. Suppose you have installed Gentoo
430on <path>/dev/hda1</path> (/boot) and <path>/dev/hda3</path> (/) with 404on <path>/dev/hda1</path> (/boot) and <path>/dev/hda3</path> (/) with
431<path>/dev/hda2</path> being the swap space: 405<path>/dev/hda2</path> being the swap space:
432</p> 406</p>
433 407
434<pre caption = "Reconfiguring the kernel"> 408<pre caption = "Reconfiguring the kernel">
435<comment>Boot from the LiveCD and wait until you receive a prompt</comment> 409<comment>Boot from the Install CD and wait until you receive a prompt</comment>
436<comment>We first mount all partitions:</comment> 410<comment>We first mount all partitions:</comment>
437# <i>mount /dev/hda3 /mnt/gentoo</i> 411# <i>mount /dev/hda3 /mnt/gentoo</i>
438# <i>mount /dev/hda1 /mnt/gentoo/boot</i> 412# <i>mount /dev/hda1 /mnt/gentoo/boot</i>
439# <i>swapon /dev/hda2</i> 413# <i>swapon /dev/hda2</i>
440# <i>mount -t proc none /mnt/gentoo/proc</i> 414# <i>mount -t proc none /mnt/gentoo/proc</i>
443# <i>env-update &amp;&amp; source /etc/profile</i> 417# <i>env-update &amp;&amp; source /etc/profile</i>
444# <i>cd /usr/src/linux</i> 418# <i>cd /usr/src/linux</i>
445# <i>make menuconfig</i> 419# <i>make menuconfig</i>
446<comment>Now (de)select anything you have (de)selected wrongly at your</comment> 420<comment>Now (de)select anything you have (de)selected wrongly at your</comment>
447<comment>previous attempt. Then quit and compile your kernel:</comment> 421<comment>previous attempt. Then quit and compile your kernel:</comment>
448# <i>make dep &amp;&amp; make bzImage modules modules_install</i> 422# <i>make &amp;&amp; make modules_install</i>
449<comment>Now copy over your bzImage file, overwriting your previous one:</comment> 423<comment>Now copy over your bzImage file, overwriting your previous one:</comment>
450# <i>cp arch/i386/boot/bzImage /boot</i> 424# <i>cp arch/i386/boot/bzImage /boot</i>
451<comment>If you use LILO, rerun lilo -- GRUB users should skip this:</comment> 425<comment>If you use LILO, rerun lilo -- GRUB users should skip this:</comment>
452# <i>/sbin/lilo</i> 426# <i>/sbin/lilo</i>
453<comment>Now exit the chroot and reboot.</comment> 427<comment>Now exit the chroot and reboot.</comment>
455# <i>umount /mnt/gentoo/proc /mnt/gentoo/boot /mnt/gentoo</i> 429# <i>umount /mnt/gentoo/proc /mnt/gentoo/boot /mnt/gentoo</i>
456# <i>reboot</i> 430# <i>reboot</i>
457</pre> 431</pre>
458 432
459<p> 433<p>
460If on the other hand the problem lays with your bootloader configuration, 434If, on the other hand, the problem lays with your bootloader configuration,
461follow the same steps, but instead of configuring/compiling your kernel you 435follow the same steps, but instead of configuring/compiling your kernel, you
462should reconfigure your bootloader (recompilation isn't necessary). 436should reconfigure your bootloader (recompilation isn't necessary).
463</p> 437</p>
464 438
465</body> 439</body>
466</section> 440</section>
467<section id="proxy"> 441<section id="proxy">
468<title>My proxy requires authentication, what do I have to do?</title> 442<title>My proxy requires authentication, what do I have to do?</title>
469<body> 443<body>
470 444
471<p> 445<p>
472When you have to download something using <c>wget</c>, use the
473following syntax to authenticate yourself:
474</p>
475
476<pre caption = "Proxy-authentication using wget">
477# <i>wget --proxy-user=</i><comment>username</comment><i> --proxy-passwd=</i><comment>password</comment><i> &lt;url&gt;</i>
478</pre>
479
480<p>
481To have Portage automatically use this scheme, define it in 446To have Portage automatically use this scheme, define it in
482<path>/etc/make.conf</path>: 447<path>/etc/make.conf</path>:
483</p> 448</p>
484 449
485<pre caption = "/etc/make.conf"> 450<pre caption = "/etc/make.conf">
486FETCHCOMMAND="wget --proxy-user=<comment>username</comment> --proxy-passwd=<comment>password</comment> \ 451HTTP_PROXY="http://username:password@yourproxybox.org:portnumber"
487 -t 5 --passive-ftp -P \${DISTDIR} \${URI}" 452FTP_PROXY="ftp://username:password@yourproxybox.org:portnumber"
488RESUMECOMMAND="/usr/bin/wget --proxy-user=<comment>username</comment> --proxy-passwd=<comment>password</comment> \ 453RSYNC_PROXY="rsync://username:password@yourproxybox.server:portnumber"
489 -c -t 5 --passive-ftp -P \${DISTDIR} \${URI}"
490</pre>
491
492<p>
493To have <c>rsync</c> use a proxy, set the RSYNC_PROXY environment variable as
494so:
495</p>
496
497<pre caption="/etc/make.conf's setting for RSYNC">
498RSYNC_PROXY="<comment>username</comment>:<comment>password</comment>@<comment>proxy-server</comment>:<comment>port</comment>"
499</pre> 454</pre>
500 455
501</body> 456</body>
502</section> 457</section>
503<section id="isoburning"> 458<section id="isoburning">
504<title>How do I burn an ISO file?</title> 459<title>How do I burn an ISO file?</title>
505<body> 460<body>
506 461
507<p> 462<p>
508You need to burn the file in so-called <e>raw</e> mode. This means that you 463You need to burn the file in raw mode. This means that you should <e>not</e>
509should <e>not</e> just place the file on the CD, but interpret the file as an 464just place the file on the CD, but interpret the file as an entire CD.
510entire CD.
511</p> 465</p>
512 466
513<p> 467<p>
514There are lots of CD burning tools available; covering them all would be a 468There are lots of CD burning tools available; covering them all would be a
515Sisyphean problem. Describing a few popular tools however doesn't hurt :) 469Sisyphean problem. However, describing a few popular tools never hurts:
516</p> 470</p>
517 471
518<ul> 472<ul>
519 <li> 473 <li>
520 With EasyCD Creator you select <c>File</c>, <c>Record CD 474 With EasyCD Creator you select <c>File</c>, <c>Record CD
532 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace 486 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace
533 <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device path) followed 487 <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device path) followed
534 by the path to the ISO file :) 488 by the path to the ISO file :)
535 </li> 489 </li>
536 <li> 490 <li>
537 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then 491 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>.
538 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click 492 Then you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally
539 <c>Start</c>. 493 click <c>Start</c>.
540 </li> 494 </li>
541 <li> 495 <li>
542 With Mac OS X Panther, launch <c>Disk Utility</c> from 496 With Mac OS X Panther, launch <c>Disk Utility</c> from
543 <path>Applications/Utilities</path>, select <c>Open</c> from the 497 <path>Applications/Utilities</path>, select <c>Open</c> from the
544 <c>Images</c> menu, select the mounted disk image in the main window and 498 <c>Images</c> menu, select the mounted disk image in the main window and
558<title>What CD/stage should I use for my CPU?</title> 512<title>What CD/stage should I use for my CPU?</title>
559<body> 513<body>
560 514
561<p> 515<p>
562First you need to find our what CPU you use. Suppose it's a Pentium-M. Then you 516First you need to find our what CPU you use. Suppose it's a Pentium-M. Then you
563need to find out what CPU it is, instruction-wise, compatible with. You need to 517need to find out what CPU it is, instruction-wise, compatible with. You may
564consult the CPUs vendor website for this, although <uri 518need to consult the CPU's vendor website for this, although <uri
565link="http://www.google.com">Google</uri> is at least as efficient :-). 519link="http://www.google.com">Google</uri> is at least as efficient :-).
566</p> 520</p>
567 521
568<p> 522<p>
569For the Pentium-M, you'll find out that it is a Pentium-3 with SSE instructions,
570meaning it is instruction-compatible with the Pentium-4. So, for Pentium-M
571systems, you can choose the Pentium-4 CD/stage files.
572</p>
573
574<p>
575If you are uncertain, take a "lower" CD/stage file, for instance a i686 or even 523If you are uncertain, take a "lower" CD/stage file, for instance a i686 or even
576generic. 524generic x86 (or the equivalent in your arch). This will ensure that your system
525will work, but may not be as fast as further optimizations.
526</p>
527
528<p>
529If you are building from a Stage 1, please note that many more options exist
530than those for which Gentoo builds binary stages. Please see the <uri
531link="http://gcc.gnu.org/onlinedocs/gcc-3.4.4/gcc/i386-and-x86_002d64-Options.html#i386-and-x86_002d64-Options">gcc
532guide</uri> for setting <c>-march</c>.
577</p> 533</p>
578 534
579</body> 535</body>
580</section> 536</section>
581</chapter> 537</chapter>
582 538
583<chapter> 539<chapter>
584<title>Package Management</title> 540<title>Package Management</title>
585<section id="ebuilds"> 541<section id="ebuilds">
586<title>In what format are the packages stored?</title> 542<title>In what form are the packages stored?</title>
587<body> 543<body>
588 544
589<p> 545<p>
590They exist in our portage tree as <e>ebuild</e> autobuild scripts; Gentoo is 546Packages aren't "stored" per se. Instead, Gentoo provides a set of scripts
591primarily a ports-based distribution, meaning that we provide scripts 547which can resolve dependencies, fetch source code, and compile a version of the
592(<c>.ebuild</c> files) and a special system (Portage) so that you can build 548package specifically for your needs. We generally only build binaries for
593apps from sources. We generally only build binaries for releases and snapshots. 549releases and snapshots. The <uri
594The <uri link="/proj/en/devrel/handbook/handbook.xml?part=2&amp;chap=1">Gentoo 550link="/proj/en/devrel/handbook/handbook.xml?part=2&amp;chap=1">Gentoo Ebuild
595Ebuild HOWTO</uri> covers the 551HOWTO</uri> covers the contents of an ebuild script in detail.
596contents of an ebuild script in detail. For full binary ISO releases, we 552</p>
597create a full suite of binary packages in an enhanced <c>.tbz2</c> format 553
598(<c>.tar.bz2</c> compatible with meta-information attached to the end of the 554<p>
599file). 555For full ISO releases, we create a full suite of binary packages in an enhanced
556<c>.tbz2</c> format, which is <c>.tar.bz2</c> compatible with meta-information
557attached to the end of the file. These can be used to install a working (though
558not fully optimized) version of the package quickly and efficiently.
559</p>
560
561<p>
562It is possible to create RPMs (Redhat package manager files) using Gentoo's
563Portage, but it is not currently possible to use already existing RPMs to
564install packages.
600</p> 565</p>
601 566
602</body> 567</body>
603</section> 568</section>
604<section id="configure"> 569<section id="configure">
605<title>I want to perform the ./configure step myself. Can I?</title> 570<title>I want to perform the ./configure step myself. Can I?</title>
571<body>
572
573<p>
574Yes, but it is not trivial, nor is it recommended. Since the method to do this
575requires a good understanding of Portage internals and commands, it is instead
576recommended that you patch the ebuild to do whatever it is that you want and
577place it in the Portage overlay (that's why it exists). This is <e>much</e>
578better for maintainability, and usually easier. See the <uri
579link="/proj/en/devrel/handbook/handbook.xml?part=2&amp;chap=1">Ebuild
580HOWTO</uri> for more information.
581</p>
582
606<body> 583</body>
584</section>
585<section id="firewall">
586<title>How do I use emerge from behind a firewall?</title>
587<body>
607 588
608<p>
609Yes, but it is not trivial, and the next method only works when it is a simple
610ebuild (i.e. just <c>./configure</c> and <c>make &amp;&amp; make install</c>).
611Be sure to read the ebuild itself to see how Gentoo handles it.
612</p> 589<p>
613 590See the questions on <uri link="#proxy">proxies</uri>, <uri
614<p> 591link="#norsync">rsync</uri>, and <uri link="#manualdownload">downloading source
615Start with unpacking the ebuild: <c>ebuild 592files manually</uri>.
616/usr/portage/&lt;category&gt;/&lt;package&gt;/&lt;ebuild&gt; unpack</c>.
617</p>
618
619<p>
620Next, go to <path>/var/tmp/portage/&lt;package&gt;-&lt;version&gt;/work</path>.
621Inside it you'll find the unpacked sources. Execute the steps you need to
622perform to configure and compile the package.
623</p>
624
625<p>
626When finished, execute <c>touch
627/var/tmp/portage/&lt;package&gt;-&lt;version&gt;/.compiled</c> to trick Portage
628into thinking it configured and compiled the package. Then finish up with
629<c>ebuild /usr/portage/&lt;category&gt;/&lt;package&gt;/&lt;ebuild&gt;
630merge</c>.
631</p> 593</p>
632 594
633</body> 595</body>
634</section> 596</section>
635<section id="norsync"> 597<section id="norsync">
637<body> 599<body>
638 600
639<p> 601<p>
640If you're behind a firewall that doesn't permit rsync traffic, then you can use 602If you're behind a firewall that doesn't permit rsync traffic, then you can use
641<c>emerge-webrsync</c> which will fetch and install a Portage snapshot for you 603<c>emerge-webrsync</c> which will fetch and install a Portage snapshot for you
642through regular HTTP. <c>emerge-webrsync</c> uses <c>wget</c> to download, so 604through regular HTTP. See the <uri link="#proxy">proxy section</uri> of this
643proxy is fully supported. 605document for information on downloading source files and Portage snapshots via
644</p> 606a proxy.
645
646<pre caption="Using emerge-webrsync">
647# <i>emerge-webrsync</i>
648</pre>
649
650</body>
651</section>
652<section id="firewall">
653<title>How do I use emerge from behind a firewall?</title>
654<body>
655
656<p>
657Edit the PROXY settings in <path>/etc/make.conf</path>. If that doesn't work,
658edit <path>/etc/wget/wgetrc</path> and edit http_proxy and ftp_proxy
659appropriately.
660</p>
661
662</body>
663</section>
664<section id="unison">
665<title>Can I rsync from another operating system?</title>
666<body>
667
668<p>
669There's a program called unison that works under both UNIX and Win32, available
670from <uri>http://www.cis.upenn.edu/~bcpierce/unison/</uri>.
671</p> 607</p>
672 608
673</body> 609</body>
674</section> 610</section>
675<section id="manualdownload"> 611<section id="manualdownload">
682<p> 618<p>
683Definitely. You can run <c>emerge --pretend package</c> to see what programs 619Definitely. You can run <c>emerge --pretend package</c> to see what programs
684are going to be installed. To find out the sources for those packages and where 620are going to be installed. To find out the sources for those packages and where
685to download the sources from, you can run <c>emerge -fp package</c>. Download 621to download the sources from, you can run <c>emerge -fp package</c>. Download
686sources and bring them on any media home. Put the sources into 622sources and bring them on any media home. Put the sources into
687<path>/usr/portage/distfiles</path> and run <c>emerge package</c> to see it 623<path>/usr/portage/distfiles/</path> and then simply run <c>emerge package</c>.
688picking up the sources you just brought in! 624Be warned, however, that this is a tedious process.
689</p> 625</p>
690 626
691</body> 627</body>
692</section> 628</section>
693<section id="distfiles"> 629<section id="distfiles">
694<title> 630<title>
695 .tar.gz sources for installed software are piling up in 631 Source tarballs are collecting in /usr/portage/distfiles/. Is it safe to
696 /usr/portage/distfiles/ using valuable space. Is it safe to delete these 632 delete these files?
697 files?
698</title> 633</title>
699<body> 634<body>
700 635
701<p> 636<p>
702Yes, you can safely delete these files. But if you are on a slow 637Deleting these files will have no negative impact on day-to-day performance.
703connection, such as a modem, you might want to keep the archives if 638However, it might be wise to keep the most recent version of the files; often
704possible; often several ebuilds will be released for the same version of 639several ebuilds will be released for the same version of a specific piece of
705a specific piece of software - if you have deleted the archive and you 640software. If you have deleted the archive and you upgrade the software it will
706upgrade the software it will have to be downloaded from the internet 641be necessary to download them from the internet again. There are programs which
707again. 642<uri link="http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic-t-337074.html">users have
643developed</uri> to clean out all but the most recent version of sourcefiles.
644Note that while this seems to work, it is <e>not</e> officially maintained. Use
645at your own risk.
708</p> 646</p>
709 647
710</body> 648</body>
711</section> 649</section>
712<section id="tmpportage"> 650<section id="tmpportage">
716</title> 654</title>
717<body> 655<body>
718 656
719<p> 657<p>
720During compilation, Gentoo saves the sources of the package in 658During compilation, Gentoo saves the sources of the package in
721<path>/var/tmp/portage</path>. It is safe to clean out all contents of this 659<path>/var/tmp/portage</path>. These files and folder are usually deleted upon
722directory. 660a successful merge, but this sometimes fails. It is safe to clean out all
661contents of this directory <e>if</e> emerge is not running. Just to be sure,
662always <c>pgrep emerge</c> before cleaning out this directory.
723</p> 663</p>
724 664
725</body> 665</body>
726</section> 666</section>
727</chapter> 667</chapter>
728 668
729<chapter> 669<chapter>
730<title>Usage</title> 670<title>Usage</title>
731<section id="rootssh">
732<title>
733 I have installed openssh on my box, but can only log in as root - my normal
734 user account doesn't work.
735</title>
736<body>
737
738<p>
739This is most probably because your user account doesn't have a valid shell
740specified. Check for your user entry in <path>/etc/passwd</path> and see if it
741ends in /bin/bash (or any other shell). If it doesn't, you must set a shell for
742the user. This is done using the usermod command, like this:
743</p>
744
745<pre caption="Using usermod">
746# <i>usermod -s /bin/bash myuser</i>
747</pre>
748
749</body>
750</section>
751<section id="rootX">
752<title>I can start X applications as root only.</title>
753<body>
754
755<p>
756Your <path>/tmp</path> directory has the wrong permissions (it needs the
757sticky bit set). Type the following as root:
758</p>
759
760<pre caption="Changing /tmp permissions">
761# <i>chmod 1777 /tmp</i>
762</pre>
763
764</body>
765</section>
766<section id="intkeyboard"> 671<section id="intkeyboard">
767<title>How do I set up an International Keyboard Layout?</title> 672<title>How do I set up an International Keyboard Layout?</title>
768<body> 673<body>
769 674
770<p> 675<p>
771Edit the <c>KEYMAP</c> variable in <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>. 676Edit the <c>KEYMAP</c> variable in <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>. Then,
772Then either reboot or restart the keymaps script: 677either <c>reboot</c> or restart the keymaps script:
678</p>
679
680<pre caption="Restarting keymaps">
773<c>/etc/init.d/keymaps restart</c>. 681# <i>/etc/init.d/keymaps restart</i>
774</p> 682</pre>
775 683
776</body> 684</body>
777</section> 685</section>
778<section id="rootdns"> 686<section id="rootdns">
779<title>DNS name resolution works for root only.</title> 687<title>DNS name resolution works for root only</title>
780<body> 688<body>
781 689
782<p> 690<p>
783<path>/etc/resolv.conf</path> has the wrong permissions; <c>chmod</c> it as 691<path>/etc/resolv.conf</path> has the wrong permissions; <c>chmod</c> it as
784follows: 692follows:
803<section id="numlock"> 711<section id="numlock">
804<title>How do I get numlock to start on boot?</title> 712<title>How do I get numlock to start on boot?</title>
805<body> 713<body>
806 714
807<p> 715<p>
808If you log on graphically, or want numlock to be activated when
809you issue <c>startx</c>, then you must <c>emerge numlockx</c> and
810add <c>/usr/X11R6/bin/numlockx</c> to
811<path>/etc/X11/xinit/xinitrc</path> (for <c>startx</c>) or
812<path>/etc/X11/Sessions/</path> (for any graphical login manager) such
813as <path>/etc/X11/Sessions/Gnome</path> for GDM.
814</p>
815
816<p>
817GNOME 2.6 users however will notice that this doesn't work. Instead, they will
818need to start the <c>gnome-session-properties</c> tool. At the top of the
819Window, select <c>Startup Programs</c> and click the <c>Add</c> button. Now
820insert the location of the <c>numlockx</c> tool (for instance
821<path>/usr/X11R6/bin/numlockx</path>) and exit.
822</p>
823
824<p>
825If you work in commandline, you only need to <c>rc-update add 716If you work in command line, you only need to <c>rc-update add
826numlock default</c> and numlock will be activated on the next 717numlock default &amp;&amp;/etc/init.d/numlock start</c>.
827reboot. 718</p>
719
720<p>
721Each GUI provides different tools for this sort of thing; please check the help
722section or online manuals for assistance.
828</p> 723</p>
829 724
830</body> 725</body>
831</section> 726</section>
832<section id="clear"> 727<section id="clear">
874</chapter> 769</chapter>
875 770
876<chapter> 771<chapter>
877<title>Maintenance</title> 772<title>Maintenance</title>
878<section id="filecorruption"> 773<section id="filecorruption">
879<title>ReiserFS and filesystem corruption issues -- how to fix'em, etc</title> 774<title>ReiserFS and filesystem corruption issues -- how to fix them, etc</title>
880<body>
881
882<p>
883If your ReiserFS partition is corrupt, try booting the Gentoo
884Linux boot CD and run <c>reiserfsck --rebuild-tree</c> on
885the corrupted filesystem. This should make the filesystem consistent
886again, although you may have lost some files or directories due
887to the corruption.
888</p>
889
890</body> 775<body>
891</section>
892<section id="metalogd">
893<title>Metalogd doesn't log in real time!</title>
894<body>
895 776
896<p>
897Metalog flushes output to the disk in blocks, so messages aren't immediately
898recorded into the system logs. If you are trying to debug a daemon, this
899performance-enhancing behavior is less than helpful. When your Gentoo Linux
900system is up and running, you can send metalog a USR1 signal to temporarily
901turn off this message buffering (meaning that <c>tail -f
902<path>/var/log/everything/current</path></c> will now work in real time, as
903expected) and a USR2 signal to turn buffering back on again. If you want to
904disable buffering permanently, you can change METALOG_OPTS="-B" to
905METALOG_OPTS="-B -s" in <path>/etc/conf.d/metalog</path>.
906</p> 777<p>
907 778If your ReiserFS partition is corrupt, try booting the Gentoo Install CD and
908<pre caption="Turning metalog buffering on/off"> 779run <c>reiserfsck --rebuild-tree</c> on the corrupted filesystem. This should
909<comment>(To turn the buffering off:)</comment> 780make the filesystem consistent again, although you may have lost some files or
910# <i>killall -USR1 metalog</i> 781directories due to the corruption.
911<comment>(To turn the buffering back on:)</comment>
912# <i>killall -USR2 metalog</i>
913</pre> 782</p>
914 783
915</body> 784</body>
916</section> 785</section>
917</chapter> 786</chapter>
918 787
921<section id="reportbugs"> 790<section id="reportbugs">
922<title>Where can I report bugs?</title> 791<title>Where can I report bugs?</title>
923<body> 792<body>
924 793
925<p> 794<p>
926For bugs within a specific program, contact the program's author. Otherwise, 795Use our <uri link="https://bugs.gentoo.org">Bugzilla</uri>. If you are unsure if
927use our Bugzilla bug tracker at <uri>http://bugs.gentoo.org</uri>. You can 796your problem is an actual bug, you can visit <c>#gentoo</c> on the <uri
928also visit us in <c>#gentoo</c> on the <uri
929link="http://www.freenode.net">FreeNode</uri> IRC network. 797link="http://www.freenode.net">FreeNode</uri> IRC network.
930</p> 798</p>
931 799
932</body> 800</body>
933</section> 801</section>
934<section id="releases"> 802<section id="releases">
935<title>How often are new releases made?</title> 803<title>How often are new releases made?</title>
936<body> 804<body>
937 805
938<p> 806<p>
939New releases are announced on the <uri 807Gentoo's packages are usually updated shortly after the main authors release
940link="http://www.gentoo.org/main/en/lists.xml">gentoo-announce</uri> 808new code. As for when Gentoo itself makes new stage/profile/ISO releases, check
941mailing list. In reality the packages themselves are updated shortly after the
942main authors release new code. As for when Gentoo makes new releases, check our
943<uri link="/proj/en/releng">Release Engineering Project</uri> page. 809our <uri link="/proj/en/releng">Release Engineering Project</uri> page. New
944</p> 810releases are announced on the <uri
945 811link="/main/en/lists.xml">gentoo-announce</uri> mailing list. See the question
946</body> 812on <uri link="#upgrade">upgrading</uri> for more information.
947</section>
948<section id="addfaq">
949<title>How can I add a question or answer to this FAQ?</title>
950<body>
951
952<p>
953Submit a new bug over at <uri>http://bugs.gentoo.org</uri> and add it to the
954"Docs-user" product, "Gentoo Linux FAQ" component.
955</p> 813</p>
956 814
957</body> 815</body>
958</section> 816</section>
959<section id="beeping"> 817<section id="beeping">
960<title> 818<title>
961 My speaker beeps like crazy while compiling Mozilla. How do I disable console 819 My speaker beeps like crazy. How do I disable console beeps?
962 beeps?
963</title> 820</title>
964<body> 821<body>
965 822
966<p> 823<p>
967Console beeps can be turned off using setterm, like this: 824Console beeps can be turned off using setterm, like this:
970<pre caption="Using setterm"> 827<pre caption="Using setterm">
971# <i>setterm -blength 0</i> 828# <i>setterm -blength 0</i>
972</pre> 829</pre>
973 830
974<p> 831<p>
975If you would like to turn off the console beeps on boot 832If you would like to turn off the console beeps on boot, you need to put this
976you need to put this command in <path>/etc/conf.d/local.start</path>. However, 833command in <path>/etc/conf.d/local.start</path>. However, this only disables
977this only disables beeps for the current terminal. To disable 834beeps for the current terminal. To disable beeps for other terminals, pipe the
978beeps for other terminals, pipe the command output to the 835command output to the target terminal, like this: </p>
979target terminal, like this:
980</p>
981 836
982<pre caption="Using setterm (bis)"> 837<pre caption="Using setterm (bis)">
983# <i>setterm -blength 0 >/dev/vc/1</i> 838# <i>setterm -blength 0 >/dev/vc/1</i>
984</pre> 839</pre>
985 840
997<section id="resources"> 852<section id="resources">
998<title>Where can I find more information about Gentoo Linux?</title> 853<title>Where can I find more information about Gentoo Linux?</title>
999<body> 854<body>
1000 855
1001<p> 856<p>
1002The official Gentoo documentation can be found on 857The official Gentoo documentation can be found at
1003<uri>http://www.gentoo.org</uri>; general Linux information is at
1004<uri>http://www.tldp.org</uri>. 858<uri>http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/</uri>.
1005</p> 859</p>
1006 860
1007</body> 861</body>
1008</section> 862</section>
1009<section id="buycd"> 863<section id="buycd">
1010<title>Can I buy a CD of Gentoo Linux?</title> 864<title>Can I buy a CD of Gentoo Linux?</title>
1011<body> 865<body>
1012 866
1013<p> 867<p>
1014Yes! LiveCDs for all supported architecture are available on 868Install CDs for all supported architectures are available on our <uri
1015our <uri link="http://store.gentoo.org/">Gentoo Store</uri>. When you 869link="http://www.cafepress.com/officialgentoo/">Gentoo Store</uri>. When you
1016purchase a CD from our store, you are also supporting our development. 870purchase a CD from our store, you are also supporting our development. So,
1017So, please consider buying from our store if possible :-) 871please consider buying from our store if possible.
1018</p> 872</p>
1019 873
1020<p> 874<p>
1021You can also find fresh CDs from various resellers listed on our <uri 875You can also find fresh CDs from various resellers listed on our <uri
1022link="/main/en/where.xml">Get Gentoo!</uri> page. 876link="/main/en/where.xml">Get Gentoo!</uri> page.
1023</p> 877</p>
1024 878
1025</body> 879</body>
1026</section> 880</section>
1027<section id="mailinglist">
1028<title>
1029 Why, when I hit reply to a post on a Gentoo mailing list, does my answer
1030 only go to the original poster and not the entire list?
1031</title>
1032<body>
1033
1034<p>
1035The mailing list administrators have decided to go with minimal munging
1036(altering of mail headers), which means that they have decided against
1037altering headers to have replies go to the mailing list. There are various
1038reasons for this. For example, if a subscriber has a full mailbox, the
1039entire list receives notice of this every time that something is posted.
1040</p>
1041
1042<p>
1043Most GUI based mailers have a "reply to all" function. This will ensure that
1044your reply goes to the mailing list as well as the original poster. Most
1045users of text based emailers already know the methods to use, but if you
1046don't, in Pine, there is a "reply to group" option. Setting Mutt to reply to
1047the list is covered in the unofficial documentation at
1048<uri link="http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic.php?t=1085">forums.gentoo.org</uri>.
1049</p>
1050
1051<p>
1052Some list members do not like this method, but it was very heavily
1053discussed when it went into effect, with arguments on both sides.
1054Eventually the list administrators decided to keep it this way. Discussing
1055it on the mailing list will sometimes bring a polite explanation and other
1056times a rather brusque comment to check the archives. Although the
1057administrators regret the inconvenience that it may cause some users, it is
1058felt that at present it is preferable to the alternative for several
1059reasons, many of these covered
1060<uri link="http://www.unicom.com/pw/reply-to-harmful.html">here</uri>.
1061</p>
1062
1063<p>
1064(There are other eloquent arguments in favor of munging, and yes, the list
1065administrators have seen them).
1066</p>
1067
1068</body>
1069</section>
1070<section id="help"> 881<section id="help">
1071<title>This FAQ hasn't answered my question. What do I do now?</title> 882<title>This FAQ hasn't answered my question. What do I do now?</title>
1072<body> 883<body>
1073 884
1074<p> 885<p>
1075A good first step is to browse through the relevant <uri 886A good first step is to browse through the relevant <uri
1076link="http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/index.xml">documentation</uri>, failing that, 887link="/doc/en/index.xml">documentation</uri>, failing that, the various Gentoo
1077the various Gentoo Linux mailing lists listed on <uri 888Linux mailing lists listed on <uri link="http://www.google.com">Google</uri>.
1078link="http://www.google.com">Google</uri>. To search through the Gentoo 889To search through the Gentoo mailing lists, just enter "lists.gentoo.org foo"
1079mailing lists, just enter "lists.gentoo.org foo" to search for "foo". If all 890to search for "foo". If all else fails, or you just want to hang out with
1080else fails, or you just want to hang out with Gentoo folks, visit us on irc: 891Gentoo folks, visit us on irc: <c>#gentoo</c> on <c>irc.freenode.net</c>.
1081<c>#gentoo</c> on <c>irc.freenode.net</c>.
1082</p> 892</p>
1083 893
1084</body> 894</body>
1085</section> 895</section>
1086</chapter> 896</chapter>

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