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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> 1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
2<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
3<guide link="/doc/en/gentoo-x86-install.xml"> 3<guide link="/doc/en/gentoo-x86-install.xml">
4 <title>Gentoo Linux 1.4_rc3 Installation Instructions</title> 4 <title>Gentoo Linux 1.4_rc4 Installation Instructions</title>
5 <author title="Chief Architect"> 5 <author title="Chief Architect">
6 <mail link="drobbins@gentoo.org">Daniel Robbins</mail> 6 <mail link="drobbins@gentoo.org">Daniel Robbins</mail>
7 </author> 7 </author>
8 <author title="Author">Chris Houser</author> 8 <author title="Author">Chris Houser</author>
9 <author title="Author"> 9 <author title="Author">
10 <mail link="">Jerry Alexandratos</mail> 10 <mail link="">Jerry Alexandratos</mail>
11 </author> 11 </author>
12 <author title="Ghost"> 12 <author title="Ghost">
13 <mail link="g2boojum@gentoo.org">Grant Goodyear</mail> 13 <mail link="g2boojum@gentoo.org">Grant Goodyear</mail>
14 </author> 14 </author>
15 <author title="Editor"> 15 <author title="Editor">
16 <mail link="zhen@gentoo.org">John P. Davis</mail> 16 <mail link="zhen@gentoo.org">John P. Davis</mail>
17 </author> 17 </author>
18 <author title="Editor"> 18 <author title="Editor">
19 <mail link="Pierre-Henri.Jondot@wanadoo.fr">Pierre-Henri Jondot</mail> 19 <mail link="Pierre-Henri.Jondot@wanadoo.fr">Pierre-Henri Jondot</mail>
31 <mail link="zhware@gentoo.org">Stoyan Zhekov</mail> 31 <mail link="zhware@gentoo.org">Stoyan Zhekov</mail>
32 </author> 32 </author>
33 <author title="Editor"> 33 <author title="Editor">
34 <mail link="jhhudso@gentoo.org">Jared Hudson</mail> 34 <mail link="jhhudso@gentoo.org">Jared Hudson</mail>
35 </author> 35 </author>
36 <author title="Editor"> 36 <author title="Editor">
37 <mail link="">Colin Morey</mail> 37 <mail link="">Colin Morey</mail>
38 </author> 38 </author>
39 <author title="Editor"> 39 <author title="Editor">
40 <mail link="peesh@gentoo.org">Jorge Paulo</mail> 40 <mail link="peesh@gentoo.org">Jorge Paulo</mail>
41 </author> 41 </author>
42 <author title="Editor"> 42 <author title="Editor">
43 <mail link="carl@gentoo.org">Carl Anderson</mail> 43 <mail link="carl@gentoo.org">Carl Anderson</mail>
44 </author> 44 </author>
45 <abstract>These instructions step you through the process of installing Gentoo 45 <abstract>These instructions step you through the process of installing Gentoo
46 Linux 1.4_rc3. The Gentoo Linux installation process supports various installation 46 Linux 1.4_rc4. The Gentoo Linux installation process supports various installation
47 approaches, depending upon how much of the system you want to custom-build from 47 approaches, depending upon how much of the system you want to custom-build from
48 scratch. 48 scratch.
49 </abstract> 49 </abstract>
50<version>2.6</version> 50<version>2.6</version>
51 <date>10 Apr 2003</date> 51 <date>10 Apr 2003</date>
52 <chapter> 52 <chapter>
53 <title>About the Install</title> 53 <title>About the Install</title>
54 <section> 54 <section>
55 <body> 55 <body>
56 <p>This new boot CD will boot from nearly any modern IDE CD-ROM drive, as well 56 <p>This new boot CD will boot from nearly any modern IDE CD-ROM drive, as well
57as many SCSI CD-ROM drives, assuming that your CD-ROM and BIOS both support booting. 57as many SCSI CD-ROM drives, assuming that your CD-ROM and BIOS both support booting.
58Included on the CD-ROM is Linux support for IDE (and PCI IDE) (built-in to the 58Included on the CD-ROM is Linux support for IDE (and PCI IDE) (built-in to the
59kernel) as well as support for all SCSI devices (available as modules.) In 59kernel) as well as support for all SCSI devices (available as modules.) In
60addition, we provide modules for literally every kind of network card that 60addition, we provide modules for literally every kind of network card that
61Linux supports, as well as tools to allow you to configure your network and 61Linux supports, as well as tools to allow you to configure your network and
72from a bootstrapped state. The stage3 tarball already contains a basic Gentoo Linux system.</p> 72from a bootstrapped state. The stage3 tarball already contains a basic Gentoo Linux system.</p>
73 <p><b>So, should you choose to start from a stage1, stage2, or stage3 tarball?</b> 73 <p><b>So, should you choose to start from a stage1, stage2, or stage3 tarball?</b>
74 Starting from a stage1 allows you to have total control over the optimization settings 74 Starting from a stage1 allows you to have total control over the optimization settings
75 and optional build-time functionality that is initially enabled on your system. This 75 and optional build-time functionality that is initially enabled on your system. This
76 makes stage1 installs good for power users who know what they are doing. Stage2 installs 76 makes stage1 installs good for power users who know what they are doing. Stage2 installs
77 allow you to skip the bootstrap process, and doing this is fine if you are happy with 77 allow you to skip the bootstrap process, and doing this is fine if you are happy with
78 the optimization settings that we chose for your particular stage2 tarball. Choosing to 78 the optimization settings that we chose for your particular stage2 tarball. Choosing to
79 go with a stage3 allows for the fastest install of Gentoo Linux, but also means that 79 go with a stage3 allows for the fastest install of Gentoo Linux, but also means that
80 your base system will have the optimization settings that we chose for you. Since major 80 your base system will have the optimization settings that we chose for you. Since major
81 releases of Gentoo Linux have stage3's specifically optimized for various popular processors, 81 releases of Gentoo Linux have stage3's specifically optimized for various popular processors,
82 this may be sufficient for you. <b>If you're installing Gentoo Linux for the first time, consider 82 this may be sufficient for you. <b>If you're installing Gentoo Linux for the first time, consider
83 using a stage3 tarball for installation.</b></p> 83 using a stage3 tarball for installation.</b></p>
84 84
85 85
86 <p> So, how does one begin the install process? First, you will want to decide which one of our LiveCD ISO images to grab from 86 <p> So, how does one begin the install process? First, you will want to decide which one of our LiveCD ISO images to grab from
87<uri>http://www.ibiblio.org/gentoo/releases/1.4_rc3/x86/</uri> . Please consider using one of our mirrors to alleviate the heavy load from 87<uri>http://www.ibiblio.org/gentoo/releases/1.4_rc4/x86/</uri> . Please consider using one of our mirrors to alleviate the heavy load from
88 the main server. A list of servers can be found at <uri>http://www.gentoo.org/main/en/mirrors.xml</uri>. 88 the main server. A list of servers can be found at <uri>http://www.gentoo.org/main/en/mirrors.xml</uri>.
89</p> 89</p>
90 <p> The LiveCDs are full CD images that should be burned to a CDR or CD-RW 90 <p> The LiveCDs are full CD images that should be burned to a CDR or CD-RW
91using CD burning software. Currently, we have two types of LiveCDs. The first 91using CD burning software. Currently, we have two types of LiveCDs. The first
92carries the &quot;gentoo-basic&quot; label, and is approximately 40MB in size, contains only the stage 1 tarball and lives 92carries the &quot;gentoo-basic&quot; label, and is approximately 40MB in size, contains only the stage 1 tarball and lives
93in the <path>x86/livecd/</path> directory. This LiveCD is of minimal size to 93in the <path>x86/livecd/</path> directory. This LiveCD is of minimal size to
94allow for a initial quick download and contains a stage1 tarball that can be 94allow for a initial quick download and contains a stage1 tarball that can be
95found in <path>/mnt/cdrom/gentoo/</path> after the CD has booted.</p> 95found in <path>/mnt/cdrom/gentoo/</path> after the CD has booted.</p>
96 <p>The second flavor of LiveCD we currently offer is labeled &quot;gentoo-3stages.&quot; 96 <p>The second flavor of LiveCD we currently offer is labeled &quot;gentoo-3stages.&quot;
97This CD is also found in <path>x86/livecd</path>. It 97This CD is also found in <path>x86/livecd</path>. It
98contains stage 1, 2 and 3 tarballs. Using this LiveCD, it will be possible 98contains stage 1, 2 and 3 tarballs. Using this LiveCD, it will be possible
99for you to install a fully-functional Gentoo Linux system very quickly.</p> 99for you to install a fully-functional Gentoo Linux system very quickly.</p>
100<p><b>What happened to i686, pentium3, athlon, athlon-mp stages, LiveCDs and GRP (Gentoo Reference Platform)?</b> 100<p><b>What happened to i686, pentium3, athlon, athlon-mp stages, LiveCDs and GRP (Gentoo Reference Platform)?</b>
101Gentoo 1.4_rc3 is meant to be a minimal release candidate only. 1.4_rc4 will contain all the usual x86 architectures and GRP. If you want to install stages optimized for these other x86 architectures or GRP, use the 1.4_rc2 documentation, which can be found at <uri>http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/gentoo-x86-1.4_rc2-install.xml</uri> 101Gentoo 1.4_rc3 is meant to be a minimal release candidate only. 1.4_rc4 will contain all the usual x86 architectures and GRP. If you want to install stages optimized for these other x86 architectures or GRP, use the 1.4_rc2 documentation, which can be found at <uri>http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/gentoo-x86-1.4_rc2-install.xml</uri>
102</p> 102</p>
128 </tr> 128 </tr>
129 <tr> 129 <tr>
130 <ti>3</ti> 130 <ti>3</ti>
131 <ti>partition/filesystem setup, emerge sync, final configuration</ti> 131 <ti>partition/filesystem setup, emerge sync, final configuration</ti>
132 </tr> 132 </tr>
133 </table> 133 </table>
134 </body> 134 </body>
135 </section> 135 </section>
136 </chapter> 136 </chapter>
137 <chapter> 137 <chapter>
138 <title>Booting</title> 138 <title>Booting</title>
139 <section> 139 <section>
140 <body> 140 <body>
141 <p>Start by booting the LiveCD. You should see a fancy boot screen 141 <p>Start by booting the LiveCD. You should see a fancy boot screen
142 with the Gentoo Linux logo on it. At this screen, you can hit Enter to begin the boot process, 142 with the Gentoo Linux logo on it. At this screen, you can hit Enter to begin the boot process,
143 or boot the LiveCD with custom boot options by typing <c>gentoo opt1 opt2</c> and then hitting Enter. To see 143 or boot the LiveCD with custom boot options by specifying a kernel followed by boot options and then hitting Enter. For example <c>gentoo nousb nohotplug</c>. Consult the following table for a list of available kernels and options or press F2 to view the help screen.</p>
144 a detailed description of available boot options, press F2 to view the help screen.</p> 144
145 <table>
146 <tr>
147 <th>Available kernels.</th>
148 <th>description</th>
149 </tr>
150
151 <tr><ti>gentoo</ti><ti>basic gentoo kernel (default)</ti></tr>
152 <tr><ti>800</ti><ti>800x600 framebuffer mode</ti></tr>
153 <tr><ti>1024</ti><ti>1024x768 frambuffer mode (default)</ti></tr>
154 <tr><ti>1280</ti><ti>1280x1024 framebuffer mode</ti></tr>
155 <tr><ti>nofb</ti><ti>framebuffer mode disabled</ti></tr>
156 <tr><ti>smp</ti><ti>loads a smp kernel in noframebuffer mode</ti></tr>
157 <tr><ti>acpi</ti><ti>enables acpi=on + loads acpi modules during init</ti></tr>
158 <tr><ti>memtest</ti><ti>boots the memory testing program</ti></tr>
159
160 </table>
161
162 <p>
163 <table>
164 <tr>
165 <th>Available boot options.</th>
166 <th>description</th>
167 </tr>
168
169 <tr><ti>doscsi</ti>
170 <ti>scan for scsi devices (breaks some ethernet cards)</ti></tr>
171
172 <tr><ti>nodetect</ti>
173 <ti>causes hwsetup/kudzu and hotplug not to run</ti></tr>
174
175 <tr><ti>dofirewire</ti>
176 <ti>modprobes firewire modules in initrd (for firewire cdroms,etc)</ti></tr>
177
178 <tr><ti>nousb</ti>
179 <ti>disables usb module load from initrd, disables hotplug</ti></tr>
180
181 <tr><ti>nodhcp</ti>
182 <ti>dhcp does not automatically start if nic detected</ti></tr>
183
184 <tr><ti>doataraid</ti>
185 <ti>loads ide raid modules from initrd</ti></tr>
186
187 <tr><ti>dopcmcia</ti>
188 <ti>starts pcmcia service</ti></tr>
189
190 <tr><ti>noapm</ti>
191 <ti>disables apm module load</ti></tr>
192
193 <tr><ti>noraid</ti>
194 <ti>disables loading of evms modules</ti></tr>
195
196 <tr><ti>nohotplug</ti>
197 <ti>disables loading hotplug service</ti></tr>
198
199 <tr><ti>ide=nodma</ti>
200 <ti>Force disabling of dma for malfunctioning ide devices</ti></tr>
201
202 <tr><ti>cdcache</ti>
203 <ti>Cache the entire runtime portion of cd in ram, This uses 40mb of RAM , but allows you to umount /mnt/cdrom and mount another cdrom.</ti></tr>
204
205 <tr><ti>noraid</ti>
206 <ti>disables autoloading of evms modules</ti></tr>
207
208 <tr><ti>dokeymap</ti>
209 <ti>enable keymap selection for non-us keyboard layouts</ti></tr>
210
211 </table></p>
145 212
146 <p> Once you hit Enter, you will be greeted with the standard kernel 213 <p> Once you hit Enter, you will be greeted with the standard kernel
147booting output, kernel and initrd messages, followed by the normal Gentoo 214booting output, kernel and initrd messages, followed by the normal Gentoo
148Linux boot sequence. You will be automatically logged in as 215Linux boot sequence. You will be automatically logged in as
149&quot;<c>root</c>&quot; and the root password will be set to a random string 216&quot;<c>root</c>&quot; and the root password will be set to a random string
150for security purposes. You should have a root (&quot;<c>#</c>&quot;) prompt 217for security purposes. You should have a root (&quot;<c>#</c>&quot;) prompt
151on the current console, and can also switch to other consoles by pressing 218on the current console, and can also switch to other consoles by pressing
152Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you started on by pressing 219Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you started on by pressing
153Alt-F1. At this point you should set the root password, type passwd and 220Alt-F1. At this point you should set the root password, type passwd and
154follow the prompts. 221follow the prompts.
155 </p> 222 </p>
156 <p>You've probably also noticed that above your <c>#</c> prompt is a bunch of help text 223 <p>You've probably also noticed that above your <c>#</c> prompt is a bunch of help text
157 that explains how to do things like configure your Linux networking and telling you where you can find 224 that explains how to do things like configure your Linux networking and telling you where you can find
158 the Gentoo Linux stage tarballs and packages on your CD. 225 the Gentoo Linux stage tarballs and packages on your CD.
159 </p> 226 </p>

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