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1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?> 1<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
2<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
3<guide link="/doc/en/gentoo-x86-install.xml"> 3<guide link="/doc/en/gentoo-x86-install.xml">
4 <title>Gentoo Linux 1.4_rc2 Installation Instructions</title> 4 <title>Gentoo Linux 1.4_rc2 and 1.4_rc3 Installation Instructions</title>
5 <author title="Chief Architect"> 5 <author title="Chief Architect">
6 <mail link="drobbins@gentoo.org">Daniel Robbins</mail> 6 <mail link="drobbins@gentoo.org">Daniel Robbins</mail>
7 </author> 7 </author>
8 <author title="Author">Chris Houser</author> 8 <author title="Author">Chris Houser</author>
9 <author title="Author"> 9 <author title="Author">
10 <mail link="jerry@gentoo.org">Jerry Alexandratos</mail> 10 <mail link="jerry@gentoo.org">Jerry Alexandratos</mail>
11 </author> 11 </author>
12 <author title="Ghost"> 12 <author title="Ghost">
13 <mail link="g2boojum@gentoo.org">Grant Goodyear</mail> 13 <mail link="g2boojum@gentoo.org">Grant Goodyear</mail>
14 </author> 14 </author>
15 <author title="Editor"> 15 <author title="Editor">
16 <mail link="zhen@gentoo.org">John P. Davis</mail> 16 <mail link="zhen@gentoo.org">John P. Davis</mail>
17 </author> 17 </author>
18 <author title="Editor"> 18 <author title="Editor">
19 <mail link="Pierre-Henri.Jondot@wanadoo.fr">Pierre-Henri Jondot</mail> 19 <mail link="Pierre-Henri.Jondot@wanadoo.fr">Pierre-Henri Jondot</mail>
20 </author> 20 </author>
21 <author title="Editor"> 21 <author title="Editor">
22 <mail link="stocke2@gentoo.org">Eric Stockbridge</mail> 22 <mail link="stocke2@gentoo.org">Eric Stockbridge</mail>
23 </author> 23 </author>
24 <author title="Editor"> 24 <author title="Editor">
25 <mail link="rajiv@gentoo.org">Rajiv Manglani</mail> 25 <mail link="rajiv@gentoo.org">Rajiv Manglani</mail>
26 </author> 26 </author>
27 <author title="Editor"> 27 <author title="Editor">
28 <mail link="seo@gentoo.org">Jungmin Seo</mail> 28 <mail link="seo@gentoo.org">Jungmin Seo</mail>
29 </author> 29 </author>
30 <author title="Editor"> 30 <author title="Editor">
31 <mail link="zhware@gentoo.org">Stoyan Zhekov</mail> 31 <mail link="zhware@gentoo.org">Stoyan Zhekov</mail>
32 </author> 32 </author>
33 <abstract>These instructions step you through the process of installing Gentoo 33 <abstract>These instructions step you through the process of installing Gentoo
34 Linux 1.4_rc2. The Gentoo Linux installation process supports various installation 34 Linux 1.4_rc2 and 1.4_rc3. The Gentoo Linux installation process supports various installation
35 approaches, depending upon how much of the system you want to custom-build from 35 approaches, depending upon how much of the system you want to custom-build from
36 scratch. 36 scratch.
37 </abstract> 37 </abstract>
38<version>2.3.17</version> 38<version>2.3.18</version>
39 <date>25 Feb 2003</date> 39 <date>26 Feb 2003</date>
40 <chapter> 40 <chapter>
41 <title>About the Install</title> 41 <title>About the Install</title>
42 <section> 42 <section>
43 <body> 43 <body>
44 <p>This new boot CD will boot from nearly any modern IDE CD-ROM drive, as well 44 <p>This new boot CD will boot from nearly any modern IDE CD-ROM drive, as well
45as many SCSI CD-ROM, assuming that your CD-ROM and BIOS both support booting. 45as many SCSI CD-ROM, assuming that your CD-ROM and BIOS both support booting.
46Included on the CD-ROM is Linux support for IDE (and PCI IDE) (built-in to the 46Included on the CD-ROM is Linux support for IDE (and PCI IDE) (built-in to the
47kernel) as well as support for all SCSI devices (available as modules.) In 47kernel) as well as support for all SCSI devices (available as modules.) In
48addition, we provide modules for literally every kind of network card that 48addition, we provide modules for literally every kind of network card that
49Linux supports, as well as tools to allow you to configure your network and 49Linux supports, as well as tools to allow you to configure your network and
50establish outbound (as well as inbound) <c>ssh</c> connections and download 50establish outbound (as well as inbound) <c>ssh</c> connections and download
51files. </p> 51files. </p>
52 <p>To install from the build CD, you will need to have a 486+ processor and 52 <p>To install from the build CD, you will need to have a 486+ processor and
53ideally at least 64 Megabytes of RAM. (Gentoo linux has been successfully 53ideally at least 64 Megabytes of RAM. (Gentoo Linux has been successfully
54built with 64MB of RAM + 64MB of swap space, but the build process is awfully 54built with 64MB of RAM + 64MB of swap space, but the build process is awfully
55slow under those conditions.)</p> 55slow under those conditions.)</p>
56 <p>Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three &quot;stage&quot; tarball files. The 56 <p>Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three &quot;stage&quot; tarball files. The
57one you choose depends on how much of the system you want to compile yourself. 57one you choose depends on how much of the system you want to compile yourself.
58The stage1 tarball is used when one wants to bootstrap and build the entire 58The stage1 tarball is used when one wants to bootstrap and build the entire
59system from scratch. The stage2 tarball is used for building the entire system 59system from scratch. The stage2 tarball is used for building the entire system
60from scratch, except for the bootstrap part which is already performed for you. 60from scratch, except for the bootstrap part which is already performed for you.
61And the stage3 tarball already contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has 61And the stage3 tarball already contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has
62been optimized for your system.</p> 62been optimized for your system.</p>
63 <p> So, how does one begin the install process? First, you'll want to decide 63 <p> So, how does one begin the install process? First, you'll want to decide
64which one of our LiveCD ISO images to grab from 64which one of our LiveCD ISO images to grab from
65<uri>http://www.ibiblio.org/gentoo/releases/1.4_rc2/x86/</uri>. 65<uri>http://www.ibiblio.org/gentoo/releases/1.4_rc2/x86/</uri>.
66In this directory, you'll see several subdirectories such as <c>athlon</c> 66In this directory, you'll see several subdirectories such as <c>athlon</c>
67for each of our various architecture-specific builds. Here's a low-down on 67for each of our various architecture-specific builds. Here's a low-down on
68each arch directory and what it contains:</p> 68each arch directory and what it contains:</p>
1213 </body> 1213 </body>
1214 </section> 1214 </section>
1215 </chapter> 1215 </chapter>
1216 <chapter> 1216 <chapter>
1217 <title>Configure a Bootloader</title> 1217 <title>Configure a Bootloader</title>
1218 <section> 1218 <section>
1219 <title>Notes</title> 1219 <title>Notes</title>
1220 <body> 1220 <body>
1221 <p> In the spirit of Gentoo, users now have more than one bootloader to choose from. 1221 <p> In the spirit of Gentoo, users now have more than one bootloader to choose from.
1222 Using our virtual package system, users are now able to choose between both GRUB and 1222 Using our virtual package system, users are now able to choose between both GRUB and
1223 LILO as their bootloaders. 1223 LILO as their bootloaders.
1224 </p> 1224 </p>
1225 <p> Please keep in mind that having both bootloaders installed is not necessary. 1225 <p> Please keep in mind that having both bootloaders installed is not necessary.
1226 In fact, it can be a hinderance, so please only choose one. 1226 In fact, it can be a hinderance, so please only choose one.
1227 </p> 1227 </p>
1228 <impo>If you are installing Gentoo Linux on a system with an NVIDIA nForce or nForce2 chipset
1229 with an integrated GeForce graphics card, you should use LILO and avoid GRUB. With on-board
1230 video enabled, the low memory area of your RAM is used as video RAM. Since GRUB also uses low
1231 memory at boot time, it will experience an "out of memory" condition. So, if you have an nForce
1232 or potentially other board with on-board video, use LILO. Even if you're using off-board video
1233 right now, it'd be nice to be able to remove the graphics card and use the on-board video in a
1234 pinch, wouldn't it? :)</impo>
1235
1228 </body> 1236 </body>
1229 </section> 1237 </section>
1230 <section> 1238 <section>
1231 <title>Configuring GRUB</title> 1239 <title>Configuring GRUB</title>
1232 <body> 1240 <body>
1233 <p>The most critical part of understanding GRUB is getting comfortable with how GRUB 1241 <p>The most critical part of understanding GRUB is getting comfortable with how GRUB
1234 refers to hard drives and partitions. Your Linux partition <path>/dev/hda1</path> is called 1242 refers to hard drives and partitions. Your Linux partition <path>/dev/hda1</path> is called
1235 <path>(hd0,0)</path> under GRUB. Notice the parenthesis around the hd0,0 - they are required. 1243 <path>(hd0,0)</path> under GRUB. Notice the parenthesis around the hd0,0 - they are required.
1236 Hard drives count from zero rather than &quot;a&quot;, and partitions start at zero rather than one. 1244 Hard drives count from zero rather than &quot;a&quot;, and partitions start at zero rather than one.
1237 Be aware too that with the hd devices, only harddrives are counted, not atapi-ide devices such as 1245 Be aware too that with the hd devices, only harddrives are counted, not atapi-ide devices such as
1238 cdrom players, burners, and that the same construct can be used with scsi drives. 1246 cdrom players, burners, and that the same construct can be used with scsi drives.
1239 (Normally they get higher numbers than ide drives except when the bios is configured 1247 (Normally they get higher numbers than ide drives except when the bios is configured
1240 to boot from scsi devices.) Assuming you have a harddrive on /dev/hda, a cdrom player on /dev/hdb, 1248 to boot from scsi devices.) Assuming you have a harddrive on /dev/hda, a cdrom player on /dev/hdb,
1241 a burner on /dev/hdc and a second hardrive on /dev/hdd, for example, and no scsi harddrive 1249 a burner on /dev/hdc and a second hardrive on /dev/hdd, for example, and no scsi harddrive
1242 <path>/dev/hdd7</path> gets translated to <path>(hd1,6)</path>. 1250 <path>/dev/hdd7</path> gets translated to <path>(hd1,6)</path>.

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