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58 scratch. 58 scratch.
59 </abstract> 59 </abstract>
60 60
61 <license/> 61 <license/>
62 62
63<version>2.6.3</version> 63<version>2.6.4</version>
64 <date>5th of August 2003</date> 64 <date>6th of August 2003</date>
65 <chapter> 65 <chapter>
66 <title>About the Install</title> 66 <title>About the Install</title>
67 <section> 67 <section>
68 <body> 68 <body>
69 <p>First, if you are new to this, welcome to Gentoo Linux! Gentoo 69 <p>First, if you are new to this, welcome to Gentoo Linux! Gentoo
150 make this decision. 150 make this decision.
151 Starting from a stage1 allows you to have total 151 Starting from a stage1 allows you to have total
152 control over the optimization settings and optional build-time 152 control over the optimization settings and optional build-time
153 functionality that is initially enabled on your system. This makes 153 functionality that is initially enabled on your system. This makes
154 stage1 installs good for power users who know what they are doing. 154 stage1 installs good for power users who know what they are doing.
155 It is also a great installation method for those who would like to 155 It is also a great installation method for those who want to more
156 know more about the inner workings of Gentoo Linux.</p> 156 about the inner workings of Gentoo Linux.</p>
157 157
158 <p> 158 <p>
159 Stage2 installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process, and doing 159 Stage2 installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process, and doing
160 this is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we 160 this is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we
161 chose for your particular stage2 tarball. And choosing to go with a 161 chose for your particular stage2 tarball. And choosing to go with a
333 333
334 </table></p> 334 </table></p>
335 335
336 336
337 <p>Once you hit Enter, you will be greeted with an even fancier boot 337 <p>Once you hit Enter, you will be greeted with an even fancier boot
338 screen and progress bar.</p> 338 screen and progress bar:</p>
339
340<!-- can't find the pics
341 339
342 <figure link="/images/install/livecd-1.4-boot.png" caption="The Gentoo 340 <figure link="/images/install/livecd-1.4-boot.png" caption="The Gentoo
343 Linux Live CD booting" /> 341 Linux Live CD booting" />
344--> 342
345 343
346 <p>Once the boot process completes, you will be automatically logged in 344 <p>Once the boot process completes, you will be automatically logged in
347 to the "Live" Gentoo Linux as 345 to the "Live" Gentoo Linux as
348&quot;<c>root</c>&quot;, the "super user." You should have a root (&quot;<c>#</c>&quot;) prompt 346&quot;<c>root</c>&quot;, the "super user." You should have a root (&quot;<c>#</c>&quot;) prompt
349on the current console, and can also switch to other consoles by pressing 347on the current console, and can also switch to other consoles by pressing
350Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you started on by pressing 348Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you started on by pressing
351Alt-F1.</p> 349Alt-F1. The console will look like this:</p>
352
353<!-- can't find the pics
354 350
355 <figure link="/images/install/livecd-1.4-con.png" caption="The Gentoo 351 <figure link="/images/install/livecd-1.4-con.png" caption="The Gentoo
356 Linux Live CD console" /> 352 Linux Live CD console" />
357
358-->
359 353
360<note><b>Advanced users:</b> When the Live CD boots, the Live CD root password is 354<note><b>Advanced users:</b> When the Live CD boots, the Live CD root password is
361set to a random string for security purposes. If you plan to start 355set to a random string for security purposes. If you plan to start
362<c>sshd</c> to allow remote logins to your Live CD, you should set the Live 356<c>sshd</c> to allow remote logins to your Live CD, you should set the Live
363CD root password now by typing <c>passwd</c> and following the prompts. 357CD root password now by typing <c>passwd</c> and following the prompts.
1194sync</c> to download a Portage tree. Now, copy distfiles and packages 1188sync</c> to download a Portage tree. Now, copy distfiles and packages
1195from the Live CD into place:</p> 1189from the Live CD into place:</p>
1196 1190
1197<pre caption="Copying GRP files"> 1191<pre caption="Copying GRP files">
1198# <c>cp -R /mnt/cdrom/distfiles /mnt/gentoo/usr/portage/distfiles</c> 1192# <c>cp -R /mnt/cdrom/distfiles /mnt/gentoo/usr/portage/distfiles</c>
1199# <c>cp -a /mnt/cdrom/packages /mnt/gentoo/usr/portage/packages/</c> 1193# <c>cp -a /mnt/cdrom/packages/ /mnt/gentoo/usr/portage/packages/</c>
1200</pre> 1194</pre>
1201 1195
1202<p>All relevant files are now in place for using GRP. You should now have 1196<p>All relevant files are now in place for using GRP. You should now have
1203everything copied over and unpacked that you'll need to install Gentoo Linux 1197everything copied over and unpacked that you'll need to install Gentoo Linux
1204-- even without a network connection.</p> 1198-- even without a network connection.</p>
1461</pre> 1455</pre>
1462 </body> 1456 </body>
1463 </section> 1457 </section>
1464 </chapter> 1458 </chapter>
1465 <chapter> 1459 <chapter>
1460 <title>Modifying /etc/fstab for your machine</title>
1461 <section>
1462 <body>
1463 <impo>
1464 To edit files, remember to use <c>nano -w "filename"</c>.
1465 </impo>
1466 <p>Your Gentoo Linux system is almost ready for use. All we need to do now is configure
1467 a few important system files and install the boot loader.
1468 The first file we need to
1469 configure is <path>/etc/fstab</path>. Remember that you should use
1470 the <c>notail</c> option for your boot partition if you chose to create a ReiserFS filesystem on it.
1471 Remember to specify <c>ext2</c>, <c>ext3</c> or <c>reiserfs</c> filesystem types as appropriate.
1472 </p>
1473 <p>Use something like the <path>/etc/fstab</path> listed below, but of course be sure to replace &quot;BOOT&quot;,
1474 &quot;ROOT&quot; and &quot;SWAP&quot; with the actual block devices you are using (such as <c>hda1</c>, etc.)</p>
1475<pre caption="Editing fstab">
1476<comment># /etc/fstab: static file system information.
1477#
1478# noatime turns off atimes for increased performance (atimes normally aren't
1479# needed; notail increases performance of ReiserFS (at the expense of storage
1480# efficiency). It is safe to drop the noatime options if you want and to
1481# switch between notail and tail freely.
1482
1483# &lt;fs&gt; &lt;mount point&gt; &lt;type&gt; &lt;opts&gt; &lt;dump/pass&gt;
1484
1485# NOTE: If your BOOT partition is ReiserFS, add the notail option to opts.
1486</comment>
1487/dev/BOOT /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2
1488/dev/ROOT / ext3 noatime 0 1
1489/dev/SWAP none swap sw 0 0
1490/dev/cdroms/cdrom0 /mnt/cdrom iso9660 noauto,ro 0 0
1491proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
1492</pre>
1493 <warn>Please notice that <i>/boot</i> is NOT mounted at boot time.
1494 This is to protect the data in <i>/boot</i> from
1495 corruption. If you need to access <i>/boot</i>, please mount it!
1496 </warn>
1497 </body>
1498 </section>
1499 </chapter>
1500 <chapter>
1466 <title>Installing the kernel and system logger</title> 1501 <title>Installing the kernel and system logger</title>
1467 <section> 1502 <section>
1468 <title>Kernel selections</title> 1503 <title>Kernel selections</title>
1469 <body> 1504 <body>
1470 1505
1530which will cause genkernel to allow you to tweak the default kernel configuration before 1565which will cause genkernel to allow you to tweak the default kernel configuration before
1531building begins.</note> 1566building begins.</note>
1532 1567
1533 1568
1534<pre caption="Running genkernel"> 1569<pre caption="Running genkernel">
1570<comment>If you're using genkernel 1.2 (included in the 1.4 GRP set), use the following:</comment>
1571# <c>genkernel gentoo-sources</c>
1572<comment>If you're using genkernel 1.4, available with an emerge sync, you don't need to specify a kernel:</comment>
1535# <c>genkernel</c> 1573# <c>genkernel</c>
1536Gentoo Linux genkernel, version 1.4 1574Gentoo Linux genkernel, version 1.4
1537 Copyright 2003 Gentoo Technologies, Inc., Bob Johnson, Daniel Robbins 1575 Copyright 2003 Gentoo Technologies, Inc., Bob Johnson, Daniel Robbins
1538 Distributed under the GNU General Public License version 2 1576 Distributed under the GNU General Public License version 2
1539 1577
1848 <warn>You will have to re-emerge <i>pcmcia-cs</i> after installation to get PCMCIA 1886 <warn>You will have to re-emerge <i>pcmcia-cs</i> after installation to get PCMCIA
1849 to work. 1887 to work.
1850 </warn> 1888 </warn>
1851 --> 1889 -->
1852 </body> 1890 </body>
1853 </section>
1854 </chapter>
1855 <chapter>
1856 <title>Modifying /etc/fstab for your machine</title>
1857 <section>
1858 <body>
1859 <impo>
1860 To edit files, remember to use <c>nano -w "filename"</c>.
1861 </impo>
1862 <p>Your Gentoo Linux system is almost ready for use. All we need to do now is configure
1863 a few important system files and install the boot loader.
1864 The first file we need to
1865 configure is <path>/etc/fstab</path>. Remember that you should use
1866 the <c>notail</c> option for your boot partition if you chose to create a ReiserFS filesystem on it.
1867 Remember to specify <c>ext2</c>, <c>ext3</c> or <c>reiserfs</c> filesystem types as appropriate.
1868 </p>
1869 <p>Use something like the <path>/etc/fstab</path> listed below, but of course be sure to replace &quot;BOOT&quot;,
1870 &quot;ROOT&quot; and &quot;SWAP&quot; with the actual block devices you are using (such as <c>hda1</c>, etc.)</p>
1871<pre caption="Editing fstab">
1872<comment># /etc/fstab: static file system information.
1873#
1874# noatime turns off atimes for increased performance (atimes normally aren't
1875# needed; notail increases performance of ReiserFS (at the expense of storage
1876# efficiency). It is safe to drop the noatime options if you want and to
1877# switch between notail and tail freely.
1878
1879# &lt;fs&gt; &lt;mount point&gt; &lt;type&gt; &lt;opts&gt; &lt;dump/pass&gt;
1880
1881# NOTE: If your BOOT partition is ReiserFS, add the notail option to opts.
1882</comment>
1883/dev/BOOT /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2
1884/dev/ROOT / ext3 noatime 0 1
1885/dev/SWAP none swap sw 0 0
1886/dev/cdroms/cdrom0 /mnt/cdrom iso9660 noauto,ro 0 0
1887proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
1888</pre>
1889 <warn>Please notice that <i>/boot</i> is NOT mounted at boot time.
1890 This is to protect the data in <i>/boot</i> from
1891 corruption. If you need to access <i>/boot</i>, please mount it!
1892 </warn>
1893 </body>
1894 </section> 1891 </section>
1895 </chapter> 1892 </chapter>
1896 <chapter> 1893 <chapter>
1897 <title>User Management</title> 1894 <title>User Management</title>
1898 <section> 1895 <section>

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