/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/gentoo-x86-install.xml
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70the system you want to custom-build from scratch. 70the system you want to custom-build from scratch.
71</abstract> 71</abstract>
72 72
73<license/> 73<license/>
74 74
75<version>2.6.18</version> 75<version>2.6.19</version>
76<date>October 8, 2003</date> 76<date>October 11, 2003</date>
77 77
78<chapter> 78<chapter>
79<title>About the Install</title> 79<title>About the Install</title>
80<section> 80<section>
81<title>Introduction</title>
81<body> 82<body>
82 83
83<p> 84<p>
84First, if you are new to this, welcome to Gentoo Linux! Gentoo 85Welcome to Gentoo Linux! Gentoo Linux can be installed in many different ways.
85Linux can be installed in many different ways. Those who are looking
86for a rapid install can use pre-built packages, while those who want 86Those who are looking for a rapid install can use pre-built packages, while
87the ultimate in customizability can compile Gentoo Linux entirely 87those who want the ultimate in customizability can compile Gentoo Linux
88from the original source code. The method you choose is up to 88entirely from the original source code. The method you choose is up to you.
89you.
90</p> 89</p>
91 90
92<p> 91<p>
93One significant change in relation to the official 1.4 release is 92One significant change in relation to the official 1.4 release is
94our new 2-CD installation set, which can be ordered from <uri 93our new 2-CD installation set, which can be ordered from <uri
103contain fairly comprehensive CPU compatibility information. 102contain fairly comprehensive CPU compatibility information.
104</p> 103</p>
105 104
106<p> 105<p>
107You can find and download the ISOs for the LiveCDs from most of our 106You can find and download the ISOs for the LiveCDs from most of our
107<uri link="http://www.gentoo.org/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
108mirrors. The LiveCDs for the x86 architecture are located inside the 108LiveCDs for the x86 architecture are located inside the
109<path>releases/x86/1.4/livecd/</path> subdirectory. 109<path>releases/x86/1.4/livecd/</path> subdirectory.
110</p> 110</p>
111
112</body>
113</section>
114<section>
115<title>The Installation CDs</title>
116<body>
111 117
112<p>So, about the 2 CD set -- here's what's on each CD. The first 118<p>So, about the 2 CD set -- here's what's on each CD. The first
113CD ("CD 1") is called "Live CD Installation" and is a bootable CD-ROM, 119CD ("CD 1") is called "Live CD Installation" and is a bootable CD-ROM,
114meaning that you can put "CD 1" in your drive and run Gentoo Linux 120meaning that you can put "CD 1" in your drive and run Gentoo Linux
115directly from the CD. You can then use this CD-based version of 121directly from the CD. You can then use this CD-based version of
157the most up-to-date version of Gentoo Linux available and have a 163the most up-to-date version of Gentoo Linux available and have a
158fast network connection, then you may prefer this option. If you 164fast network connection, then you may prefer this option. If you
159have an ISO CD-ROM image file for our "basic" Live CD, its name will 165have an ISO CD-ROM image file for our "basic" Live CD, its name will
160contain <path>-basic</path>. 166contain <path>-basic</path>.
161</p> 167</p>
162 168
169</body>
170</section>
171<section>
172<title>Requirements</title>
173<body>
174
163<p> 175<p>
164To use any Gentoo Linux CD-based installation method, you will 176To use any Gentoo Linux CD-based installation method, you will
165need to have a 486+ processor and ideally at least 64 Megabytes of 177need to have a 486+ processor and ideally at least 64 Megabytes of
166RAM. (Gentoo Linux has been successfully built with 64MB of RAM + 178RAM. (Gentoo Linux has been successfully built with 64MB of RAM +
16764MB of swap space, but the build process is awfully slow under 17964MB of swap space, but the build process is awfully slow under
168those conditions.) 180those conditions.)
169</p> 181</p>
170 182
183</body>
184</section>
185<section>
186<title>Choosing an Installation Method</title>
187<body>
188
171<p> 189<p>
172Once you boot one of our Live CDs, you have even more options. 190Once you boot one of our Live CDs, you have even more options.
173Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three &quot;stage&quot; 191Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three &quot;stage&quot;
174tarball files. The one you choose depends on how much of the system 192tarball files. The one you choose depends on how much of the system
175you want to compile yourself. The stage1 tarball is used when you 193you want to compile yourself. The <e>stage1</e> tarball is used when you
176want to bootstrap and build the entire system from scratch. The 194want to bootstrap and build the entire system from scratch. The
177stage2 tarball is used for building the entire system from a 195<e>stage2</e> tarball is used for building the entire system from a
178bootstrapped "semi-compiled" state. The stage3 tarball already 196bootstrapped "semi-compiled" state. The <e>stage3</e> tarball already
179contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has been built for 197contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has been built for
180you. If you are interested in doing a "GRP" install, then the 198you. If you are interested in doing a "GRP" install, then the
181stage3 tarball should be used. 199stage3 tarball must be used.
182</p> 200</p>
183 201
184<p> 202<p>
185<b>If you're not doing a GRP install, should you start from a stage1, stage2, or 203<b>If you're not doing a GRP install, should you start from a stage1, stage2, or
204stage3 tarball?</b>
205</p>
206
207<p>
186stage3 tarball?</b> Here is some information that should help you 208Here is some information that should help you
187make this decision. 209make this decision.
188</p> 210</p>
189 211
190<p> 212<p>
191Starting from a stage1 allows you to have total 213Starting from a stage1 allows you to have total
237The installation instructions in the LiveCD may not be as up-to-date as our 259The installation instructions in the LiveCD may not be as up-to-date as our
238Web documentation at <uri>http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/gentoo-x86-install.xml</uri>. 260Web documentation at <uri>http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/gentoo-x86-install.xml</uri>.
239Refer to our Web documentation for the most up-to-date installation 261Refer to our Web documentation for the most up-to-date installation
240instructions. 262instructions.
241</note> 263</note>
264
265</body>
266</section>
267<section>
268<title>The Installation Process</title>
269<body>
242 270
243<p> 271<p>
244Now, let us quickly review the install process. First, we will download, burn 272Now, let us quickly review the install process. First, we will download, burn
245CD(s) and boot a LiveCD. After getting a root prompt, we will create 273CD(s) and boot a LiveCD. After getting a root prompt, we will create
246partitions, create our filesystems and extract either a stage1, stage2 or 274partitions, create our filesystems and extract either a stage1, stage2 or
364 392
365<p> 393<p>
366Once you hit Enter, you will be greeted with an even fancier boot 394Once you hit Enter, you will be greeted with an even fancier boot
367screen and progress bar. 395screen and progress bar.
368</p> 396</p>
397
398<warn>
399If your screen turns blank instead of giving you a fancy boot screen, try
400booting with the <e>nofb</e> kernel. It is highly likely that our kernel
401doesn't support your graphical adapter for framebuffer (grafical mode
402without X server).
403</warn>
369 404
370<p> 405<p>
371Once the boot process completes, you will be automatically logged in 406Once the boot process completes, you will be automatically logged in
372to the "Live" Gentoo Linux as "<e>root</e>", the "super user". You should 407to the "Live" Gentoo Linux as "<e>root</e>", the "super user". You should
373have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch 408have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch

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