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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?>
2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/gentoo-x86-quickinstall.xml,v 1.40 2005/07/10 20:28:33 swift Exp $ -->
3
4<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
5
2<guide link="/doc/en/quickinstall.xml"> 6<guide link="/doc/en/gentoo-x86-quickinstall.xml">
3<title>Gentoo Linux Install Reference</title> 7<title>Gentoo Linux x86 Quick Install Guide</title>
4<author title="Author">Steven Wagner</author> 8
5<author title="Editor"> 9<author title="Author">
6 <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail> 10 <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail>
7</author> 11</author>
12<author title="Author">Steven Wagner</author>
8 13
9<abstract> 14<abstract>
10The Quick install reference covers all details of the install process in a 15The Quick install guide covers the Gentoo install process in a
11non-verbose manner. Users should already have prior experience with 16non-verbose manner. Users should already have prior experience with
12installing gentoo linux if they want to follow this guide. 17installing Gentoo Linux if they want to follow this guide.
13</abstract> 18</abstract>
14 19
15<license/> 20<license/>
16 21
17<version>1.1</version> 22<version>2.1</version>
18<date>November 1, 2003</date> 23<date>2005-07-10</date>
19 24
20<chapter> 25<chapter>
21<title>Quick Install Reference</title> 26<title>Quick Install Guide</title>
27<section>
28<title>Installation Media</title>
29<body>
30
31<p>
32Download a CD from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>.
33You can find the ISOs in
34<path>releases/&lt;architecture&gt;/&lt;release&gt;/installcd</path>. The
35<e>minimal</e> installation cd is only useful for internet-based installations;
36with the <e>universal</e> installation cd you can perform a networkless
37installation as well.
38</p>
39
40<p>
41<uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Burn</uri> the CD and boot it. Press
42<c>F2</c> at the boot screen to find out what boot options exist. Once booted,
43you need to start the <c>pcmcia</c> init script if you need PCMCIA support.
44</p>
45
46<p>
47The installation cds allow you to start an <c>sshd</c> server, add additional
48users, run <c>irssi</c> (a command-line chat client) and surf the web using
49<c>lynx</c> or <c>links2</c>.
50</p>
51
22<body> 52</body>
53</section>
54<section>
55<title>Network Configuration</title>
56<body>
23 57
24<p>
25The installation ISOs are on the <uri link=
26"http://www.gentoo.org/main/en/mirrors.xml">Gentoo Mirrors</uri>. Detailed
27descriptions of the different CDs are available in the <uri
28link="http://store.gentoo.org">Gentoo Store</uri>. CD 1 contains
29everything you need to install Gentoo Linux quickly and without a
30connection to the Internet. CD2 is optional and contains pre-compiled packages
31such as KDE, GNOME, OpenOffice, Mozilla, Evolution and more.
32</p> 58<p>
33 59If your network does not work already, you can use <c>net-setup</c> to configure
60your network. You might need to load support for your network card using
61<c>modprobe</c> prior to the configuration. If you have ADSL, use
62<c>adsl-setup</c> and <c>adsl-start</c>. For PPTP support, first edit
63<path>/etc/ppp/chap-secrets</path> and <path>/etc/ppp/options.pptp</path> and
64then use <c>pptp &lt;server&nbsp;ip&gt;</c>.
34<p> 65</p>
35Boot from the first Gentoo CD. Press &lt;F1&gt; and/or &lt;F2&gt; to 66
36see what boot options are available. Press &lt;ENTER&gt; at the bootscreen to
37continue with the default kernel. You'll eventually receive a prompt.
38</p> 67<p>
39 68For wireless access, use <c>iwconfig</c> to set the wireless parameters and then
40<pre caption="Beginning settings"> 69use eiter <c>net-setup</c> again or run <c>ifconfig</c>, <c>dhcpcd</c> and/or
41# <i>date</i> (Make sure your time and date is correct. If wrong, set it with <i>date MMDDhhmmCCYY</i> ) 70<c>route</c> manually.
42# <i>modprobe module_name</i> (Optional - Load any necessary modules)
43# <i>net-setup eth0</i> (Configure the network)
44# <i>fdisk /dev/hda</i> (Partition your drive)
45</pre>
46
47<p> 71</p>
48The recommended setup is a 64 meg boot volume with ext3, a swap partition 72
49twice the size of your available RAM, and the rest for your root partition
50using ReiserFS.
51</p> 73<p>
52 74If you are behind a proxy, do not forget to initialise your system using
75<c>export http_proxy</c>, <c>ftp_proxy</c> and <c>RSYNC_PROXY</c>.
53<p> 76</p>
54Initialise your partitions using <c>mke2fs</c> (Ext2), <c>mke2fs 77
55-j</c> (Ext3), <c>mkreiserfs</c> (ReiserFS), <c>mkfs.xfs</c> (XFS), 78</body>
56<c>mkfs.jfs</c> (JFS) and <c>mkswap</c> (swap partition). For instance: 79</section>
57<c>mke2fs -j /dev/hda3</c>. 80<section>
81<title>Preparing the Disks</title>
82<body>
83
58</p> 84<p>
59 85Use <c>fdisk</c> or <c>cfdisk</c> to create your partition layout. You need at
86least a swap partition (type 82) and one Linux partition (type 83).
60<p> 87</p>
61Continue by mounting the partitions and extracting the appropriate stage 88
62file.
63</p> 89<p>
64 90Use <c>mke2fs</c>, <c>mke2fs -j</c>, <c>mkreiserfs</c>, <c>mkfs.xfs</c> and
65<pre caption="Preparing the Installation"> 91<c>mkfs.jfs</c> to create file systems on your Linux partitions. Initialise your
66(Activate the swap partition) # <i>swapon /dev/hdax</i> 92swap partition using <c>mkswap</c> and <c>swapon</c>.
67(Mount the root partition) # <i>mount /dev/hdax /mnt/gentoo</i>
68(Create the boot mountpoint) # <i>mkdir /mnt/gentoo/boot</i>
69(Mount the boot partition) # <i>mount /dev/hdax /mnt/gentoo/boot</i>
70(Go to the mountpoint) # <i>cd /mnt/gentoo</i>
71(Extract a stage tarball...) # <i>tar -xvjpf /mnt/cdrom/stages/stage?-*.tar.bz2</i>
72(<comment>or</comment> download the latest tarball...) # <i>links http://gentoo.oregonstate.edu/releases/x86/1.4/</i>
73( ... and extract) # <i>tar -xvjpf stage*</i>
74(GRP-only: unpack a portage tree) # <i>tar -xvjf /mnt/cdrom/snapshots/portage-*.tar.bz2 -C /mnt/gentoo/usr</i>
75(GRP-only: copy over distfiles) # <i>cp -R /mnt/cdrom/distfiles /mnt/gentoo/usr/portage/distfiles</i>
76(GRP-only: copy over packages) # <i>cp -a /mnt/cdrom/packages /mnt/gentoo/usr/portage/packages</i>
77(Select a mirror) # <i>mirrorselect -i -o &gt;&gt; /mnt/gentoo/etc/make.conf</i>
78(Copy over nameserver information) # <i>cp /etc/resolv.conf /mnt/gentoo/etc/resolv.conf</i>
79(Mount the proc filesystem) # <i>mount -t proc proc /mnt/gentoo/proc</i>
80(Chroot into the new environment) # <i>chroot /mnt/gentoo /bin/bash</i>
81(Load the necessary variables) # <i>env-update; source /etc/profile</i>
82(Network-only, non-GRP: update Portage) # <i>emerge sync</i>
83</pre>
84
85<p> 93</p>
86Now we install Gentoo: 94
87</p> 95<p>
88 96Mount the freshly created file systems on <path>/mnt/gentoo</path>. Create
89<pre caption = "Installing Gentoo"> 97directories for the other mount points (like <path>/mnt/gentoo/boot</path>) if
90(Change USE, CFLAGS and CXXFLAGS. Stage1 can also change CHOST) # <i>nano -w /etc/make.conf</i> 98you need them.
91(Stage1 only: bootstrap system) # <i>cd /usr/portage; scripts/bootstrap.sh</i>
92(Stage1, Stage2 only: install base system) # <i>emerge system</i>
93</pre>
94
95<p> 99</p>
96Next we set up the necessary information: 100
101</body>
102</section>
103<section>
104<title>Setting Up The Stage</title>
105<body>
106
97</p> 107<p>
98 108First make sure your date is set correctly using <c>date MMDDhhmmYYYY</c>. Next,
99<pre caption = "Setting up Configuration Files"> 109download a stage from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>
100(Set timezone information) # <i>ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/path/to/timezonefile /etc/localtime</i> 110or use the one available on the installation CD
101(Edit fstab file) # <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i> 111(<path>/mnt/cdrom/stages</path>). Go to <path>/mnt/gentoo</path> and unpack the
102</pre> 112stage using <c>tar&nbsp;-xvjpf&nbsp;&lt;stage&nbsp;tarball&gt;</c>.
103
104<p> 113</p>
105Use the following as a <e>template</e> (don't copy verbatim) for 114
106<path>/etc/fstab</path>:
107</p> 115<p>
108 116Install a Portage snapshot if you are performing a networkless installation: go
109<pre caption="/etc/fstab"> 117to <path>/mnt/gentoo/usr</path> and run
110# &lt;fs&gt; &lt;mountpoint&gt; &lt;type&gt; &lt;opts&gt; &lt;dump/pass&gt; 118<c>tar&nbsp;-xvjf&nbsp;/mnt/cdrom/snapshots/&lt;snapshot&gt;</c>. Other users
111/dev/hdax /boot ext3 noauto,noatime 1 2 119can download a portage snapshot and install it likewise.
112/dev/hdax / reiserfs noatime 0 1
113/dev/hdax none swap sw 0 0
114/dev/cdroms/cdrom0 /mnt/cdrom iso9660 noauto,ro,user 0 0
115none /proc proc defaults 0 0
116none /dev/shm tmpfs defaults 0 0
117/dev/hdax /mnt/dosc ntfs ro,noatime,umask=0222 0 0
118</pre>
119
120<p> 120</p>
121Continue by installing the Linux kernel: 121
122</p> 122<p>
123 123Edit <path>/mnt/gentoo/etc/make.conf</path> to suit your needs (USE flag, CFLAGS
124<pre caption="Installing the Kernel"> 124and CXXFLAGS). You can use the <c>nano</c> editor for this.
125(Install the kernel sources) # <i>emerge -k sys-kernel/gentoo-sources</i>
126(Configure your kernel using genkernel...) # <i>emerge -k genkernel; genkernel</i>
127(<comment>or</comment> (1) manually build your kernel) # <i>cd /usr/src/linux; make menuconfig;</i>
128( (2) Include VM fs, /proc fs, /dev fs, /dev fs auto mount at boot)
129( (3) Compile your kernel) # <i>make dep &amp;&amp; make clean bzImage modules modules_install</i>
130( (4) Copy over the kernel) # <i>cp arch/i386/boot/bzImage /boot; cp System.map /boot</i>
131</pre>
132
133<p> 125</p>
134Now install other tools you might want: 126
127</body>
128</section>
129<section>
130<title>Installing the Gentoo Base System</title>
131<body>
132
135</p> 133<p>
136 134Mount the <path>/proc</path> file system first and then chroot into your Gentoo
137<pre caption = "Install important system tools"> 135environment.
138(Install system logger; choice: sysklogd, metalog, msyslog, syslog-ng) # <i>emerge -k app-admin/syslog-ng </i>
139(Have the systemlogger automatically started at boot) # <i>rc-update add syslog-ng default</i>
140(Install cron daemon; choice: vcron, dcron, fcron) # <i>emerge -k sys-apps/vcron</i>
141(Have the cron daemon automatically started at boot) # <i>rc-update add vcron default</i>
142(genkernel users only: install hotplug) # <i>emerge -k hotplug</i>
143(genkernel users only: have hotplug automatically started at boot) # <i>rc-update add hotplug default</i>
144(Non-ext2,ext3 users only; choice: reiserfsprogs, xfsprogs, jfsutils) # <i>emerge -k reiserfsprogs</i>
145</pre>
146
147<p> 136</p>
148If you need specialised kernel ebuilds, now is a good time to install them: 137
138<pre caption="Preparing and chrooting">
139# <i>mount -t proc none /mnt/gentoo/proc</i>
140# <i>chroot /mnt/gentoo /bin/bash</i>
141# <i>env-update</i> &amp;&amp; <i>source /etc/profile</i>
142</pre>
143
149</p> 144<p>
150 145If you are not running a networkless installation, issue <c>emerge --sync</c> to
151<pre caption = "Install Specialised Kernel Ebuilds"> 146update your Portage tree.
152# <i>emerge -k pcmcia-cs</i> (or <i>emu10k1</i>, <i>nforce-net</i>, <i>nforce-audio</i>, <i>e100</i>, <i>e1000</i>, <i>ati-drivers</i>, <i>rp-pppoe</i>)
153# <i>VIDEO_CARDS="yourcard" emerge xfree-drm</i> (for ATI Radeon up to 9200, Rage128, Matrox, Voodoo and other cards)
154</pre>
155
156<p> 147</p>
157Finalise the settings for your Gentoo system: 148
158</p> 149<p>
159 150Next, make sure <path>/etc/make.profile</path> points to the right profile. The
160<pre caption = "Finalise the Configuration Settings"> 151default one should suffice for most users; subprofiles are available for
161(Set root password) # <i>passwd</i> 152different kernels (like <path>2.4/</path> for 2.4-kernel based profiles). Change
162(Create a user) # <i>useradd your_user -m -G users,wheel,audio -s /bin/bash</i> 153the profile using <c>ln -sf</c>.
163(Set password for that user) # <i>passwd your_user</i>
164(Set the system hostname) # <i>echo mymachine &gt; /etc/hostname</i>
165(Set the system domainname) # <i>echo mydomain.com &gt; /etc/dnsdomainname</i>
166(Set the hostsfile, at least set "127.0.0.1 mymachine") # <i>nano -w /etc/hosts</i>
167</pre>
168
169<pre caption = "Set up Networking">
170(Setup networking; dhcp-users should set iface_eth0="dhcp") # <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i>
171(List modules to be loaded at startup) # <i>nano -w /etc/modules.autoload.d/kernel-2.4</i>
172(Configure basic system settings; follow comments) # <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i>
173(Non-PCMCIA only: start networking automatically at boot) # <i>rc-update add net.eth0 default</i>
174(Only if you have multiple network interfaces:)
175 (1) Create initscripts for each interface) # <i>ln -s /etc/init.d/net.eth0 /etc/init.d/net.ethx</i>
176 (2) Automatically start at boot if no PCMCIA) # <i>rc-update add net.ethx default</i>
177(PCMCIA only: verify /etc/conf.d/pcmcia and load PCMCIA at boot) # <i>rc-update add pcmcia boot</i>
178</pre>
179
180<p> 154</p>
181Now install a bootloader. Left is for grub, right for lilo: 155
156<ul>
157 <li>
158 Bootstrapping (not available for networkless installations) happens using
159 <c>scripts/bootstrap.sh</c> in the <path>/usr/portage</path> directory.
160 </li>
161 <li>
162 System installation (not available for networkless installations) happens
163 using <c>emerge&nbsp;-e&nbsp;system</c> (or <c>-N</c> if you haven't
164 altered the default CFLAGS/CXXFLAGS).
165 </li>
166</ul>
167
182</p> 168<p>
183 169Stage3 users (except those performing a networkless installation) need to
184<pre caption = "Install and Configure a bootloader"> 170upgrade the baselayout package:
185# <i>emerge -k grub</i> | # <i>emerge -k lilo</i>
186# <i>grub</i> | # <i>nano -w /etc/lilo.conf</i>
187grub&gt; <i>root (hd0,0)</i> (Boot partition) | boot=/dev/hda
188grub&gt; <i>setup (hd0)</i> (Install on MBR) | prompt
189grub&gt; <i>quit</i> | timeout=50
190# <i>nano -w /boot/grub/grub.conf</i> | default=gentoo
191 default 0 |
192 timeout 15 | <comment># Genkernel only:</comment>
193 splashimage=(hd0,0)/grub/splash.xpm.gz | image=/boot/kernel-<comment>&lt;kernel version&gt;</comment>
194 | root=/dev/hda3
195 title=Gentoo Linux | label=gentoo
196 root (hd0,0) |
197 <comment># Genkernel only:</comment> | <comment># Non-genkernel only:</comment>
198 kernel (hd0,0)/kernel-<comment>&lt;kernel version&gt;</comment> root=/dev/hda3 | image=/boot/bzImage
199 initrd (hd0,0)/initrd-<comment>&lt;kernel version&gt;</comment> | root=/dev/hda3
200 <comment># Non-genkernel only:</comment> | label=gentoo
201 kernel (hd0,0)/bzImage |
202 | <comment># For dualbooting:</comment>
203 <comment># For dualbooting:</comment> | other=/dev/hda<comment>X</comment>
204 title=Windows XP | label=windows
205 root (hd0,5) |
206 chainloader (hd0,5)+1 | # <i>/sbin/lilo</i>
207</pre>
208
209<p> 171</p>
210Now unmount all partitions and reboot into your new system: 172
173<pre caption="Upgrading baselayout">
174# <i>CONFIG_PROTECT="-*" emerge baselayout</i>
175</pre>
176
177</body>
178</section>
179<section>
180<title>Kernel Configuration</title>
181<body>
182
211</p> 183<p>
212 184Set your time zone information by changing the <path>/etc/localtime</path>
213<pre caption="Finishing off and installing GUI"> 185symbolic link to the correct location in <path>/usr/share/zoneinfo</path> using
214(Updating configuration files) # <i>etc-update</i> 186<c>ln -sf</c>.
215(Exiting the chroot) # <i>exit; cd /</i>
216(Unmounting partitions) # <i>umount /mnt/gentoo/boot /mnt/gentoo/proc /mnt/gentoo</i>
217(Reboot; Remove the install CD from the tray) # <i>reboot</i>
218(After booting:)
219(ADSL-users only) # <i>adsl-setup</i>
220(GRP-users only, optional CD2 usage)
221( (1) Mount CD2) # <i>mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom</i>
222( (2) Copy over packages) # <i>cp -a /mnt/cdrom/packages/* /usr/portage/packages/</i>
223( (3) Install extra software) # <i>emerge -k xfree gnome kde mozilla openoffice-bin</i>
224( (4) Configure your Xserver) # <i>/usr/X11R6/bin/xf86config</i>
225</pre>
226
227<p> 187</p>
228You can get more information from the <uri link="http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/index.xml">Gentoo Documentation</uri>. 188
229</p> 189<p>
190Install a kernel source (<c>gentoo-sources</c> and <c>vanilla-sources</c> are
191available for networkless installations) and configure it using <c>make
192menuconfig</c> followed by <c>make&nbsp;&amp;&amp;make&nbsp;modules_install</c>
193inside <path>/usr/src/linux</path>. Copy the <path>arch/i386/bzImage</path> file
194over to <path>/boot</path>. You can also <c>emerge&nbsp;genkernel</c>
195and use <c>genkernel&nbsp;--udev&nbsp;all</c>.
196</p>
197
198<p>
199Genkernel users will need to <c>emerge&nbsp;coldplug</c> and
200<c>rc-update&nbsp;add&nbsp;coldplug&nbsp;default</c>.
201</p>
202
203</body>
204</section>
205<section>
206<title>Configuring the System</title>
207<body>
208
209<p>
210Edit your <path>/etc/fstab</path>; an example follows:
211</p>
212
213<pre caption="Example fstab">
214/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
215/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0
216/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1
217none /proc proc defaults 0 0
218none /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
219/dev/cdroms/cdrom0 /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
220</pre>
221
222<p>
223Edit <path>/etc/conf.d/hostname</path> and <path>/etc/conf.d/domainname</path>,
224run <c>rc-update&nbsp;add&nbsp;domainname&nbsp;default</c> and edit
225<path>/etc/conf.d/net</path> and <path>/etc/resolv.conf</path> to
226configure your network. Add the <c>net.eth0</c> initscript to the default
227runlevel. If you have multiple NICs, symlink them to the <c>net.eth0</c>
228init script and add them to the default runlevel as well.
229</p>
230
231<p>
232Edit <path>/etc/hosts</path>; examples are given below:
233</p>
234
235<pre caption="Example /etc/hosts">
236<comment>(For static IPs)</comment>
237127.0.0.1 localhost
238192.168.0.5 jenny.homenetwork jenny
239192.168.0.6 benny.homenetwork benny
240192.168.0.7 tux.homenetwork tux
241
242<comment>(For a dynamic IP)</comment>
243127.0.0.1 localhost.homenetwork tux localhost
244</pre>
245
246<p>
247Emerge <c>pcmcia-cs</c> and add it to the default runlevel if you need it.
248</p>
249
250<p>
251Set the root password using <c>passwd</c>.
252</p>
253
254<p>
255Set the necessary system configuration in <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>,
256<path>/etc/conf.d/rc</path>, <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>,
257<path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path>.
258</p>
259
260</body>
261</section>
262<section>
263<title>Installing System Tools</title>
264<body>
265
266<p>
2672.4 kernel users need to <c>emerge&nbsp;--unmerge&nbsp;udev</c> and
268<c>emerge&nbsp;devfsd</c>.
269</p>
270
271<p>
272Install a system logger like <c>syslog-ng</c> and add it to the default
273run level. Do the same for a cron daemon like <c>vixie-cron</c> (optional).
274</p>
275
276<p>
277Install the necessary file system tools (<c>xfsprogs</c>, <c>reiserfsprogs</c>
278or <c>jfsutils</c>) and networking tools (<c>dhcpcd</c> or <c>rp-pppoe</c>).
279</p>
280
281</body>
282</section>
283<section>
284<title>Configuring the Bootloader</title>
285<body>
286
287<p>
288Emerge <c>grub</c> or <c>lilo</c>. Edit <path>/boot/grub/grub.conf</path> or
289<path>/etc/lilo.conf</path> to your likings. Below you will find an example for
290each.
291</p>
292
293<pre caption="Example grub.conf">
294default 0
295timeout 30
296splashimage=(hd0,0)/grub/splash.xpm.gz
297
298<comment># genkernel users</comment>
299title=Gentoo Linux 2.6.11-r3
300root (hd0,0)
301kernel /kernel-2.6.11-gentoo-r3 root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc ramdisk=8192 real_root=/dev/hda3 udev
302initrd /initrd-2.6.11-gentoo-r3
303
304<comment># non-genkernel users (no initrd)</comment>
305title=Gentoo Linux 2.6.11 r3
306root (hd0,0)
307kernel /kernel-2.6.11-gentoo-r3 root=/dev/hda3
308
309<comment># Only in case you want to dual-boot</comment>
310title=Windows XP
311root (hd0,5)
312makeactive
313chainloader +1
314</pre>
315
316<pre caption="Example lilo.conf">
317boot=/dev/hda
318prompt
319timeout=50
320default=gentoo
321
322<comment># For non-genkernel users</comment>
323image=/boot/kernel-2.6.11-gentoo-r3
324 label=gentoo
325 read-only
326 root=/dev/hda3
327
328<comment># For genkernel users</comment>
329image=/boot/kernel-2.6.11-gentoo-r3
330 label=gentoo
331 read-only
332 root=/dev/ram0
333 append="init=/linuxrc ramdisk=8192 real_root=/dev/hda3 udev"
334 initrd=/boot/initrd-2.6.11-gentoo-r3
335
336<comment># For dual-booting</comment>
337other=/dev/hda6
338 label=windows
339</pre>
340
341<p>
342GRUB users need to install GRUB in the MBR using
343<c>grub-install&nbsp;/dev/hda</c> after copying <path>/proc/mounts</path> to
344<path>/etc/mtab</path>. LILO users need to run <c>/sbin/lilo</c>.
345</p>
346
347<p>
348Exit the chrooted environment, unmount all file systems and reboot.
349</p>
350
351</body>
352</section>
353<section>
354<title>Finalizing the Installation</title>
355<body>
356
357<p>
358Log in as <c>root</c>, then add one or more users for day-to-day use using
359<c>useradd&nbsp;-m&nbsp;-G&nbsp;&lt;groups&gt;&nbsp;&lt;username&gt;</c>.
360</p>
361
362<p>
363If you performed a networkless installation, mount the packages CD at
364<path>/mnt/cdrom</path> and <c>export&nbsp;PKGDIR="/mnt/cdrom"</c> after which
365you can <c>emerge&nbsp;-k&nbsp;&lt;package&gt;</c> to install additional
366software like <c>kde</c>.
367</p>
368
369<p>
370Thanks for installing Gentoo!
371</p>
372
373</body>
374</section>
230</body></chapter> 375</chapter>
231
232</guide> 376</guide>
233

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