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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?>
2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/gentoo-x86-quickinstall.xml,v 1.9 2004/03/06 17:23:24 swift Exp $ --> 2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/gentoo-x86-quickinstall.xml,v 1.38 2005/07/05 15:32:12 swift Exp $ -->
3 3
4<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 4<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
5 5
6<guide link="/doc/en/quickinstall.xml"> 6<guide link="/doc/en/gentoo-x86-quickinstall.xml">
7<title>Gentoo Linux Install Reference</title> 7<title>Gentoo Linux x86 Quick Install Guide</title>
8<author title="Author">Steven Wagner</author> 8
9<author title="Editor"> 9<author title="Author">
10 <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail> 10 <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail>
11</author> 11</author>
12<author title="Author">Steven Wagner</author>
12 13
13<abstract> 14<abstract>
14The Quick install reference covers all details of the install process in a 15The Quick install guide covers the Gentoo install process in a
15non-verbose manner. Users should already have prior experience with 16non-verbose manner. Users should already have prior experience with
16installing Gentoo Linux if they want to follow this guide. 17installing Gentoo Linux if they want to follow this guide.
17</abstract> 18</abstract>
18 19
19<license/> 20<license/>
20 21
21<version>1.5</version> 22<version>2.0</version>
22<date>March 4th, 2004</date> 23<date>2005-07-05</date>
23 24
24<chapter> 25<chapter>
25<title>Quick Install Reference</title> 26<title>Quick Install Guide</title>
27<section>
28<title>Installation Media</title>
29<body>
30
31<p>
32Download a CD from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>.
33You can find the ISOs in
34<path>releases/&lt;architecture&gt;/&lt;release&gt;/installcd</path>. The
35<e>minimal</e> installation cd is only useful for internet-based installations;
36with the <e>universal</e> installation cd you can perform a networkless
37installation as well.
38</p>
39
40<p>
41<uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Burn</uri> the CD and boot it. Press
42<c>F2</c> at the boot screen to find out what boot options exist. Once booted,
43you need to start the <c>pcmcia</c> init script if you need PCMCIA support.
44</p>
45
46<p>
47The installation cds allow you to start an <c>sshd</c> server, add additional
48users, run <c>irssi</c> (a command-line chat client) and surf the web using
49<c>lynx</c> or <c>links2</c>.
50</p>
51
52</body>
26<section> 53</section>
54<section>
55<title>Network Configuration</title>
56<body>
57
58<p>
59If your network does not work already, you can use <c>net-setup</c> to configure
60your network. You might need to load support for your network card using
61<c>modprobe</c> prior to the configuration. If you have ADSL, use
62<c>adsl-setup</c> and <c>adsl-start</c>. For PPTP support, first edit
63<path>/etc/ppp/chap-secrets</path> and <path>/etc/ppp/options.pptp</path> and
64then use <c>pptp &lt;server&nbsp;ip&gt;</c>.
65</p>
66
67<p>
68For wireless access, use <c>iwconfig</c> to set the wireless parameters and then
69use eiter <c>net-setup</c> again or run <c>ifconfig</c>, <c>dhcpcd</c> and/or
70<c>route</c> manually.
71</p>
72
73<p>
74If you are behind a proxy, do not forget to initialise your system using
75<c>export http_proxy</c>, <c>ftp_proxy</c> and <c>RSYNC_PROXY</c>.
76</p>
77
27<body> 78</body>
79</section>
80<section>
81<title>Preparing the Disks</title>
82<body>
28 83
29<p>
30The installation ISOs are on the <uri link=
31"http://www.gentoo.org/main/en/mirrors.xml">Gentoo
32Mirrors</uri>. Detailed descriptions of the different CDs are
33available in the <uri link="http://store.gentoo.org">Gentoo
34Store</uri>. CD 1 contains everything you need to install Gentoo Linux
35quickly and without a connection to the Internet. CD 2 is optional and
36contains pre-compiled packages such as KDE, GNOME, OpenOffice,
37Mozilla, Evolution and more.
38</p> 84<p>
39 85Use <c>fdisk</c> or <c>cfdisk</c> to create your partition layout. You need at
86least a swap partition (type 82) and one Linux partition (type 83).
40<p> 87</p>
41Boot from the first Gentoo CD. Press &lt;F1&gt; and/or &lt;F2&gt; to 88
42see what boot options are available. Press &lt;ENTER&gt; at the bootscreen to
43continue with the default kernel. You'll eventually receive a prompt.
44</p> 89<p>
45 90Use <c>mke2fs</c>, <c>mke2fs -j</c>, <c>mkreiserfs</c>, <c>mkfs.xfs</c> and
46<pre caption="Beginning settings"> 91<c>mkfs.jfs</c> to create file systems on your Linux partitions. Initialise your
47# <i>date</i> (Make sure your time and date is correct. If wrong, set it with <i>date MMDDhhmmCCYY</i> ) 92swap partition using <c>mkswap</c> and <c>swapon</c>.
48# <i>modprobe module_name</i> (Optional - Load any necessary modules)
49# <i>net-setup eth0</i> (Configure the network)
50# <i>fdisk /dev/hda</i> (Partition your drive)
51</pre>
52
53<p> 93</p>
54The recommended setup is a 64 meg boot volume with ext2, a swap partition 94
55twice the size of your available RAM, and the rest for your root partition
56using ReiserFS.
57</p> 95<p>
58 96Mount the freshly created file systems on <path>/mnt/gentoo</path>. Create
97directories for the other mount points (like <path>/mnt/gentoo/boot</path>) if
98you need them.
59<p> 99</p>
60Initialise your partitions using <c>mke2fs</c> (Ext2), <c>mke2fs 100
61-j</c> (Ext3), <c>mkreiserfs</c> (ReiserFS), <c>mkfs.xfs</c> (XFS), 101</body>
62<c>mkfs.jfs</c> (JFS) and <c>mkswap</c> (swap partition). For instance: 102</section>
63<c>mke2fs -j /dev/hda3</c>. 103<section>
104<title>Setting Up The Stage</title>
105<body>
106
64</p> 107<p>
65 108First make sure your date is set correctly using <c>date MMDDhhmmYYYY</c>. Next,
109download a stage from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>
110or use the one available on the installation CD
111(<path>/mnt/cdrom/stages</path>). Go to <path>/mnt/gentoo</path> and unpack the
112stage using <c>tar&nbsp;-xvjpf&nbsp;&lt;stage&nbsp;tarball&gt;</c>.
66<p> 113</p>
67Continue by mounting the partitions and extracting the appropriate stage 114
68file.
69</p> 115<p>
70 116Install a Portage snapshot if you are performing a networkless installation: go
71<pre caption="Preparing the Installation"> 117to <path>/mnt/gentoo/usr</path> and run
72(Activate the swap partition) # <i>swapon /dev/hdax</i> 118<c>tar&nbsp;-xvjf&nbsp;/mnt/cdrom/snapshots/&lt;snapshot&gt;</c>. Other users
73(Mount the root partition) # <i>mount /dev/hdax /mnt/gentoo</i> 119can download a portage snapshot and install it likewise.
74(Create the boot mountpoint) # <i>mkdir /mnt/gentoo/boot</i>
75(Mount the boot partition) # <i>mount /dev/hdax /mnt/gentoo/boot</i>
76(Go to the mountpoint) # <i>cd /mnt/gentoo</i>
77(Extract a stage tarball...) # <i>tar -xvjpf /mnt/cdrom/stages/stage?-*.tar.bz2</i>
78(<comment>or</comment> download the latest tarball...) # <i>lynx http://www.gentoo.org/main/en/mirrors.xml</i>
79( ... and extract) # <i>tar -xvjpf stage*</i>
80(Optional: unpack a portage tree) # <i>tar -xvjf /mnt/cdrom/snapshots/portage-*.tar.bz2 -C /mnt/gentoo/usr</i>
81(Optional: copy over distfiles) # <i>cp -R /mnt/cdrom/distfiles /mnt/gentoo/usr/portage/distfiles</i>
82(Select a mirror) # <i>mirrorselect -a -s4 -o &gt;&gt; /mnt/gentoo/etc/make.conf</i>
83(Copy over nameserver information) # <i>cp /etc/resolv.conf /mnt/gentoo/etc/resolv.conf</i>
84(Mount the proc filesystem) # <i>mount -t proc none /mnt/gentoo/proc</i>
85(Chroot into the new environment) # <i>chroot /mnt/gentoo /bin/bash</i>
86(Load the necessary variables) # <i>env-update; source /etc/profile</i>
87(Network-only, non-GRP: update Portage) # <i>emerge sync</i>
88</pre>
89
90<p> 120</p>
91Now we install Gentoo: 121
92</p> 122<p>
93 123Edit <path>/mnt/gentoo/etc/make.conf</path> to suit your needs (USE flag, CFLAGS
94<pre caption = "Installing Gentoo"> 124and CXXFLAGS). You can use the <c>nano</c> editor for this.
95(Change USE, CFLAGS and CXXFLAGS. Stage1 can also change CHOST) # <i>nano -w /etc/make.conf</i>
96(Stage1 only: bootstrap system) # <i>cd /usr/portage; scripts/bootstrap.sh</i>
97(Stage1, Stage2 only: install base system) # <i>emerge system</i>
98</pre>
99
100<p> 125</p>
101Next we set up the necessary information: 126
127</body>
128</section>
129<section>
130<title>Installing the Gentoo Base System</title>
131<body>
132
102</p> 133<p>
103 134Mount the <path>/proc</path> file system first and then chroot into your Gentoo
104<pre caption = "Setting up Configuration Files"> 135environment.
105(Set timezone information) # <i>ln -sf /usr/share/zoneinfo/<comment>&lt;path to time zone file&gt;</comment> /etc/localtime</i>
106(Edit fstab file) # <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i>
107</pre>
108
109<p> 136</p>
110Use the following as a <e>template</e> (don't copy verbatim) for 137
111<path>/etc/fstab</path>: 138<pre caption="Preparing and chrooting">
139# <i>mount -t proc none /mnt/gentoo/proc</i>
140# <i>chroot /mnt/gentoo /bin/bash</i>
141# <i>env-update</i> &amp;&amp; <i>source /etc/profile</i>
142</pre>
143
112</p> 144<p>
145If you are not running a networkless installation, issue <c>emerge --sync</c> to
146update your Portage tree.
147</p>
113 148
149<p>
150Next, make sure <path>/etc/make.profile</path> points to the right profile. The
151default one should suffice for most users; subprofiles are available for
152different kernels (like <path>2.4/</path> for 2.4-kernel based profiles). Change
153the profile using <c>ln -sf</c>.
154</p>
155
156<ul>
157 <li>
158 Bootstrapping (not available for networkless installations) happens using
159 <c>scripts/bootstrap.sh</c> in the <path>/usr/portage</path> directory.
160 </li>
161 <li>
162 System installation (not available for networkless installations) happens
163 using <c>emerge&nbsp;-e&nbsp;system</c> (or <c>-N</c> if you haven't
164 altered the default CFLAGS/CXXFLAGS).
165 </li>
166</ul>
167
168<p>
169Stage3 users (except those performing a networkless installation) need to
170upgrade the baselayout package:
171</p>
172
173<pre caption="Upgrading baselayout">
174# <i>CONFIG_PROTECT="-*" emerge baselayout</i>
175</pre>
176
177</body>
178</section>
179<section>
180<title>Kernel Configuration</title>
181<body>
182
183<p>
184Set your time zone information by changing the <path>/etc/localtime</path>
185symbolic link to the correct location in <path>/usr/share/zoneinfo</path> using
186<c>ln -sf</c>.
187</p>
188
189<p>
190Install a kernel source (<c>gentoo-sources</c> and <c>vanilla-sources</c> are
191available for networkless installations) and configure it using <c>make
192menuconfig</c> followed by <c>make&nbsp;&amp;&amp;make&nbsp;modules_install</c>
193inside <path>/usr/src/linux</path>. Copy the <path>arch/i386/bzImage</path> file
194over to <path>/boot</path>. You can also <c>emerge&nbsp;genkernel</c>
195and use <c>genkernel&nbsp;--udev&nbsp;all</c>.
196</p>
197
198<p>
199Genkernel users will need to <c>emerge&nbsp;coldplug</c> and
200<c>rc-update&nbsp;add&nbsp;coldplug&nbsp;default</c>.
201</p>
202
203</body>
204</section>
205<section>
206<title>Configuring the System</title>
207<body>
208
209<p>
210Edit your <path>/etc/fstab</path>; an example follows:
211</p>
212
114<pre caption="/etc/fstab"> 213<pre caption="Example fstab">
115# &lt;fs&gt; &lt;mountpoint&gt; &lt;type&gt; &lt;opts&gt; &lt;dump/pass&gt; 214/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
116/dev/hdax /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2
117/dev/hdax none swap sw 0 0 215/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0
118/dev/hdax / reiserfs noatime 0 1 216/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1
217none /proc proc defaults 0 0
218none /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
119/dev/cdroms/cdrom0 /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 219/dev/cdroms/cdrom0 /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
120none /proc proc defaults 0 0
121none /dev/shm tmpfs defaults 0 0
122</pre> 220</pre>
123 221
124<p>
125Continue by installing the Linux kernel:
126</p> 222<p>
127 223Edit <path>/etc/conf.d/hostname</path> and <path>/etc/conf.d/domainname</path>,
128<pre caption="Installing the Kernel"> 224run <c>rc-update&nbsp;add&nbsp;domainname&nbsp;default</c> and edit
129(Install the kernel sources) # <i>emerge <comment>&lt;kernel-package-here&gt;</comment></i> 225<path>/etc/conf.d/net</path> to configure your network. Add the <c>net.eth0</c>
130(Configure your kernel using genkernel...) # <i>emerge genkernel; genkernel --menuconfig all</i> 226initscript to the default runlevel. If you have multiple NICs, symlink them
131(<comment>or</comment> (1) manually build your kernel) # <i>cd /usr/src/linux; make menuconfig;</i> 227to the <c>net.eth0</c> init script and add them to the default runlevel as well.
132( (2) Include VM fs, /proc fs, /dev fs, /dev fs auto mount at boot)
133( (3) Compile your kernel) # <i>make dep &amp;&amp; make clean bzImage modules modules_install</i>
134( (4) Copy over the kernel) # <i>cp arch/i386/boot/bzImage /boot; cp System.map /boot</i>
135</pre>
136
137<p> 228</p>
138Now install other tools you might want: 229
139</p> 230<p>
140 231Edit <path>/etc/hosts</path>; examples are given below:
141<pre caption = "Install important system tools">
142(Install system logger; choice: sysklogd, metalog, msyslog, syslog-ng) # <i>emerge syslog-ng </i>
143(Have the systemlogger automatically started at boot) # <i>rc-update add syslog-ng default</i>
144(Install cron daemon; choice: vixie-cron, dcron, fcron) # <i>emerge vixie-cron</i>
145(Have the cron daemon automatically started at boot) # <i>rc-update add vixie-cron default</i>
146(genkernel users only: install hotplug) # <i>emerge hotplug</i>
147(genkernel users only: have hotplug automatically started at boot) # <i>rc-update add hotplug default</i>
148(ALSA users only: install alsa-utils) # <i>emerge alsa-utils</i>
149(ALSA users only: have alsa-utils automatically started at boot ) # <i>rc-update add alsasound default</i>
150(Non-ext2,ext3 users only; choice: reiserfsprogs, xfsprogs, jfsutils) # <i>emerge reiserfsprogs</i>
151(Domain name init script) # <i>rc-update add domainname default</i>
152</pre>
153
154<p> 232</p>
155If you need specialised kernel ebuilds, now is a good time to install them: 233
234<pre caption="Example /etc/hosts">
235<comment>(For static IPs)</comment>
236127.0.0.1 localhost
237192.168.0.5 jenny.homenetwork jenny
238192.168.0.6 benny.homenetwork benny
239192.168.0.7 tux.homenetwork tux
240
241<comment>(For a dynamic IP)</comment>
242127.0.0.1 localhost.homenetwork tux localhost
243</pre>
244
156</p> 245<p>
157 246Emerge <c>pcmcia-cs</c> and add it to the default runlevel if you need it.
158<pre caption = "Install Specialised Kernel Ebuilds">
159# <i>emerge pcmcia-cs</i> (or <i>nforce-net</i>, <i>nforce-audio</i>, <i>e100</i>, <i>e1000</i>, <i>ati-drivers</i>, <i>rp-pppoe</i>)
160# <i>VIDEO_CARDS="yourcard" emerge xfree-drm</i> (for ATI Radeon up to 9200, Rage128, Matrox, Voodoo and other cards)
161</pre>
162
163<p> 247</p>
164Finalise the settings for your Gentoo system: 248
165</p> 249<p>
166 250Set the root password using <c>passwd</c>.
167<pre caption = "Finalise the Configuration Settings">
168(Set root password) # <i>passwd</i>
169(Create a user) # <i>useradd your_user -m -G users,wheel,audio -s /bin/bash</i>
170(Set password for that user) # <i>passwd your_user</i>
171(Set the system hostname) # <i>echo mymachine &gt; /etc/hostname</i>
172(Set the system domainname) # <i>echo mydomain.com &gt; /etc/dnsdomainname</i>
173(Set the hostsfile, ex:"127.0.0.1 localhost mymachine") # <i>nano -w /etc/hosts</i>
174(Configure basic system settings; follow comments) # <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i>
175</pre>
176
177<pre caption = "Set up Networking">
178(Setup networking; dhcp-users should set iface_eth0="dhcp") # <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i>
179(List modules to be loaded at startup) # <i>nano -w /etc/modules.autoload.d/kernel-<comment>&lt;version&gt;</comment></i>
180(Non-PCMCIA only: start networking automatically at boot) # <i>rc-update add net.eth0 default</i>
181(Only if you have multiple network interfaces:)
182 (1) Create initscripts for each interface) # <i>ln -s /etc/init.d/net.eth0 /etc/init.d/net.ethx</i>
183 (2) Automatically start at boot if no PCMCIA) # <i>rc-update add net.ethx default</i>
184(PCMCIA only: verify /etc/conf.d/pcmcia and load PCMCIA at boot) # <i>rc-update add pcmcia boot</i>
185</pre>
186
187<p> 251</p>
188Now install a bootloader. 252
189</p> 253<p>
254Set the necessary system configuration in <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>,
255<path>/etc/conf.d/rc</path>, <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>,
256<path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path>.
257</p>
190 258
191<pre caption="Install and configure GRUB"> 259</body>
192# <i>emerge grub</i> 260</section>
193# <i>grub</i> 261<section>
194grub&gt; <i>root (hd0,0)</i> 262<title>Installing System Tools</title>
195grub&gt; <i>setup (hd0)</i> 263<body>
196grub&gt; <i>quit</i> 264
197# <i>nano -w /boot/grub/grub.conf</i> 265<p>
2662.4 kernel users need to <c>emerge&nbsp;--unmerge&nbsp;udev</c> and
267<c>emerge&nbsp;devfsd</c>.
268</p>
269
270<p>
271Install a system logger like <c>syslog-ng</c> and add it to the default
272run level. Do the same for a cron daemon like <c>vixie-cron</c> (optional).
273</p>
274
275<p>
276Install the necessary file system tools (<c>xfsprogs</c>, <c>reiserfsprogs</c>
277or <c>jfsutils</c>) and networking tools (<c>dhcpcd</c> or <c>rp-pppoe</c>).
278</p>
279
280</body>
281</section>
282<section>
283<title>Configuring the Bootloader</title>
284<body>
285
286<p>
287Emerge <c>grub</c> or <c>lilo</c>. Edit <path>/boot/grub/grub.conf</path> or
288<path>/etc/lilo.conf</path> to your likings. Below you will find an example for
289each.
290</p>
291
292<pre caption="Example grub.conf">
198default 0 293default 0
199timeout 15 294timeout 30
200splashimage=(hd0,0)/grub/splash.xpm.gz 295splashimage=(hd0,0)/grub/splash.xpm.gz
201 296
202title=Gentoo Linux
203 root (hd0,0)
204 <comment># genkernel users:</comment> 297<comment># genkernel users</comment>
205 kernel /kernel-<comment>&lt;kernel version&gt;</comment> root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc real_root=/dev/hda3 298title=Gentoo Linux 2.6.11-r3
206 initrd /initrd-<comment>&lt;kernel version&gt;</comment> 299root (hd0,0)
300kernel /kernel-2.6.11-gentoo-r3 root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc ramdisk=8192 real_root=/dev/hda3 udev
301initrd /initrd-2.6.11-gentoo-r3
302
207 <comment># non-genkernel users:</comment> 303<comment># non-genkernel users (no initrd)</comment>
208 kernel /kernel-<comment>&lt;kernel version&gt;</comment> root=/dev/hda3 304title=Gentoo Linux 2.6.11 r3
209</pre> 305root (hd0,0)
306kernel /kernel-2.6.11-gentoo-r3 root=/dev/hda3
210 307
211<pre caption="Install and configure LILO"> 308<comment># Only in case you want to dual-boot</comment>
212# <i>emerge lilo</i> 309title=Windows XP
213# <i>nano -w /etc/lilo.conf</i> 310root (hd0,5)
311makeactive
312chainloader +1
313</pre>
314
315<pre caption="Example lilo.conf">
214boot=/dev/hda 316boot=/dev/hda
215prompt 317prompt
216delay=50 318timeout=50
217default=gentoo 319default=gentoo
218 320
219image=/boot/kernel-<comment>&lt;kernel version&gt;</comment> 321<comment># For non-genkernel users</comment>
322image=/boot/kernel-2.6.11-gentoo-r3
220 label=gentoo 323 label=gentoo
221 read-only 324 read-only
325 root=/dev/hda3
326
222 <comment># genkernel users:</comment> 327<comment># For genkernel users</comment>
223 append="init=/linuxrc real_root=/dev/hda3" 328image=/boot/kernel-2.6.11-gentoo-r3
329 label=gentoo
330 read-only
224 root=/dev/ram0 331 root=/dev/ram0
225 initrd=/boot/initrd-<comment>&lt;kernel version&gt;</comment> 332 append="init=/linuxrc ramdisk=8192 real_root=/dev/hda3 udev"
226 <comment># non-genkernel users:</comment> 333 initrd=/boot/initrd-2.6.11-gentoo-r3
227 root=/dev/hda3
228 334
229# <i>/sbin/lilo</i> 335<comment># For dual-booting</comment>
336other=/dev/hda6
337 label=windows
230</pre> 338</pre>
231 339
232<p>
233Now unmount all partitions and reboot into your new system:
234</p> 340<p>
235 341GRUB users need to install GRUB in the MBR using
236<pre caption="Finishing off and installing GUI"> 342<c>grub-install&nbsp;/dev/hda</c> after copying <path>/proc/mounts</path> to
237(Exiting the chroot) # <i>exit; cd /</i> 343<path>/etc/mtab</path>. LILO users need to run <c>/sbin/lilo</c>.
238(Unmounting partitions) # <i>umount /mnt/gentoo/boot /mnt/gentoo/proc /mnt/gentoo</i>
239(Reboot; Remove the install CD from the tray) # <i>reboot</i>
240(After booting:)
241(ADSL-users only) # <i>adsl-setup</i>
242(GRP-users only)
243( (1) Mount CD2) # <i>mount /dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom</i>
244( (2) Copy over packages) # <i>cp -a /mnt/cdrom/packages/* /usr/portage/packages/</i>
245( (3) Install extra software) # <i>USE="bindist" emerge -k xfree gnome kde mozilla openoffice-bin</i>
246( (4) Configure your Xserver) # <i>/usr/X11R6/bin/xf86config</i>
247</pre>
248
249<p> 344</p>
250You can get more information from the <uri 345
251link="http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/index.xml">Gentoo
252Documentation</uri>.
253</p> 346<p>
347Exit the chrooted environment, unmount all file systems and reboot.
348</p>
349
350</body>
351</section>
352<section>
353<title>Finalizing the Installation</title>
354<body>
355
356<p>
357Log in as <c>root</c>, then add one or more users for day-to-day use using
358<c>useradd&nbsp;-m&nbsp;-G&nbsp;&lt;groups&gt;&nbsp;&lt;username&gt;</c>.
359</p>
360
361<p>
362If you performed a networkless installation, mount the packages CD at
363<path>/mnt/cdrom</path> and <c>export&nbsp;PKGDIR="/mnt/cdrom"</c> after which
364you can <c>emerge&nbsp;-k&nbsp;&lt;package&gt;</c> to install additional
365software like <c>kde</c>.
366</p>
367
368<p>
369Thanks for installing Gentoo!
370</p>
371
254</body> 372</body>
255</section> 373</section>
256</chapter> 374</chapter>
257</guide> 375</guide>
258

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