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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-medium.xml,v 1.36 2005/10/09 16:33:54 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-medium.xml,v 1.37 2005/11/11 17:27:15 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>2.8</version> 11<version>2.9</version>
12<date>2005-10-09</date> 12<date>2005-11-11</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
18<body> 18<body>
19 19
20<p> 20<p>
21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to 21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
22successfully install Gentoo on your box. 22successfully install Gentoo on your box.
23</p> 23</p>
24 24
25</body> 25</body>
26</subsection> 26</subsection>
27<subsection> 27<subsection>
41 <ti>64 MB</ti> 41 <ti>64 MB</ti>
42</tr> 42</tr>
43<tr> 43<tr>
44 <th>Diskspace</th> 44 <th>Diskspace</th>
45 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti> 45 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
46</tr> 46</tr>
47<tr> 47<tr>
48 <th>Swap space</th> 48 <th>Swap space</th>
49 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti> 49 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
50</tr> 50</tr>
51</table> 51</table>
52 52
53</body> 53</body>
54</subsection> 54</subsection>
55</section> 55</section>
56
56<!-- Copy/paste from the hb-install-x86-medium.xml file. --> 57<!-- Copy/paste from hb-install-x86-medium.xml -->
57<!-- START --> 58<!-- START -->
58<section>
59<title>The Gentoo Installation Approaches</title>
60<subsection>
61<title>Introduction</title>
62<body>
63
64<p>
65Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
66A stage file is a tarball (compressed archive) that contains a minimal
67environment.
68</p>
69
70<ul>
71 <li>
72 A stage1 file contains nothing more than a compiler, Portage (Gentoo's
73 software management system) and a couple of packages on which the compiler
74 or Portage depends.
75 </li>
76 <li>
77 A stage2 file contains a so-called bootstrapped system, a minimal
78 environment from which one can start building all other necessary
79 applications that make a Gentoo environment complete.
80 </li>
81 <li>
82 A stage3 file contains a prebuilt minimal system which is almost fully
83 deployable. It only lacks a few applications where you, the Gentoo user,
84 needs to choose which one you want to install.
85 </li>
86</ul>
87
88<p>
89To help you decide what stage file you want to use, we have written down the
90major advantages and disadvantages of each stage file.
91</p>
92
93</body>
94</subsection>
95<subsection>
96<title>A Stage1 Approach</title>
97<body>
98
99<p>
100A <e>stage1</e> is used when you want to bootstrap and build the entire system
101from scratch.
102</p>
103
104<p>
105This approach builds core system packages that are vital to your system and is
106used by Gentoo developers to prepare the Gentoo release media. It is a great
107installation method for those who would like to learn more about the inner
108workings of bootstrapping, toolchains and the like.
109</p>
110
111<p>
112However, if you do not plan to tweak the bootstrapping instructions in the
113<path>bootstrap.sh</path> script written by the Gentoo developers, then a
114stage1 approach has no benefits for you.
115</p>
116
117<table>
118<tr>
119 <th>Stage1</th>
120 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
121</tr>
122<tr>
123 <th>+</th>
124 <ti>
125 Allows you to have total control over the installation routine, bootstrap
126 sequence, etc.
127 </ti>
128</tr>
129<tr>
130 <th>+</th>
131 <ti>Suitable for powerusers and developers who know what they are doing</ti>
132</tr>
133<tr>
134 <th>-</th>
135 <ti>
136 Takes a long time to finish the installation (it is the lengthiest approach)
137 </ti>
138</tr>
139<tr>
140 <th>-</th>
141 <ti>
142 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is a waste of time
143 </ti>
144</tr>
145<tr>
146 <th>-</th>
147 <ti>
148 Requires a working Internet connection during the installation
149 </ti>
150</tr>
151</table>
152
153</body>
154</subsection>
155<subsection>
156<title>A Stage2 Approach</title>
157<body>
158
159<p>
160A <e>stage2</e> is used for building the entire system from a bootstrapped
161"semi-compiled" state.
162</p>
163
164<p>
165When you perform a stage2 installation approach, you will build all system
166packages (core packages, including toolchain) using your specific <c>USE</c>,
167<c>CFLAGS</c> and <c>CXXFLAGS</c> settings. Any package build will therefore be
168optimized to your preference.
169</p>
170
171<p>
172However, this installation takes some time and if you do not intend to change
173the <c>CFLAGS</c> and <c>CXXFLAGS</c> settings that we have defined as a "good
174default", using this approach only makes sense if your <c>USE</c> variable is
175sufficiently different from the default <c>USE</c> we provide.
176</p>
177
178<table>
179<tr>
180 <th>Stage2</th>
181 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
182</tr>
183<tr>
184 <th>+</th>
185 <ti>You don't need to bootstrap</ti>
186</tr>
187<tr>
188 <th>+</th>
189 <ti>Faster than starting with stage1</ti>
190</tr>
191<tr>
192 <th>+</th>
193 <ti>You can still tweak your settings</ti>
194</tr>
195<tr>
196 <th>-</th>
197 <ti>It's still not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
198</tr>
199<tr>
200 <th>-</th>
201 <ti>
202 Requires a working Internet connection during the installation
203 </ti>
204</tr>
205</table>
206
207</body>
208</subsection>
209<subsection>
210<title>A Stage3 Approach</title>
211<body>
212
213<p>
214A <e>stage3</e> installation contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has been
215built for you. You will only need to build a few packages (such as system
216logger, networking tools, ...) before you can boot into a base Gentoo
217installation.
218</p>
219
220<p>
221Choosing to go with a stage3 allows for the fastest install of Gentoo
222Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization
223settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings
224and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining
225stability). Stage3 is also required if you want to install Gentoo using
226prebuilt packages or without a network connection.
227</p>
228
229<table>
230<tr>
231 <th>Stage3</th>
232 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
233</tr>
234<tr>
235 <th>+</th>
236 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti>
237</tr>
238<tr>
239 <th>+</th>
240 <ti>
241 You can still tweak your system
242 </ti>
243</tr>
244</table>
245
246<p>
247You might be interested to know that, if you decide to use different
248optimization settings after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to
249recompile your entire system with the new optimization settings. The same goes
250for any <c>USE</c> flag changes: Portage is intelligent enough to know what
251packages need to be rebuild.
252</p>
253
254</body>
255</subsection>
256</section>
257
258<section> 59<section>
259<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title> 60<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
260<subsection> 61<subsection>
261<title>Introduction</title> 62<title>Introduction</title>
262<body> 63<body>
263 64
264<p> 65<p>
265The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a 66The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
266self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD. 67self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
267During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers 68During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
268are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers. 69are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
269</p> 70</p>
270 71
271<p> 72<p>
272All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your 73All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
282link="2005.1/index.xml">Gentoo 2005.1 Handbooks</uri>. 83link="2005.1/index.xml">Gentoo 2005.1 Handbooks</uri>.
283</p> 84</p>
284 85
285<p> 86<p>
286The two Installation CDs we currently provide are: 87The two Installation CDs we currently provide are:
287</p> 88</p>
288 89
289<ul> 90<ul>
290 <li> 91 <li>
291 The Gentoo Minimal Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which 92 The Gentoo Minimal Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which
292 sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and continue 93 sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and continue
293 with the Gentoo installation. 94 with the Gentoo installation.
294 </li> 95 </li>
295 <li> 96 <li>
296 The Gentoo Universal Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same abilities 97 The Gentoo Universal Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same abilities
297 as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains a stage1 and 98 as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains several stage3
298 several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual subarchitectures). 99 tarballs (optimized for the individual subarchitectures).
299 </li> 100 </li>
300</ul> 101</ul>
301 102
302<p> 103<p>
303To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the 104To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
304major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD. 105major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
305</p> 106</p>
306 107
307</body> 108</body>
308</subsection> 109</subsection>
309<subsection> 110<subsection>
310<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title> 111<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title>
311<body> 112<body>
312 113
313<p> 114<p>
314The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-alpha-minimal-2005.1.iso</c> 115The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-alpha-minimal-2005.1.iso</c>
315and takes up only 54 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to 116and takes up only 54 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to
316install Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only. 117install Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only.
317</p> 118</p>
318 119
319<table> 120<table>
320<tr> 121<tr>
321 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th> 122 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
322 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 123 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
323</tr> 124</tr>
324<tr> 125<tr>
325 <th>+</th> 126 <th>+</th>
326 <ti>Smallest download</ti> 127 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
327</tr> 128</tr>
328<tr> 129<tr>
329 <th>+</th>
330 <ti>
331 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the
332 net
333 </ti>
334</tr>
335<tr>
336 <th>-</th> 130 <th>-</th>
337 <ti> 131 <ti>
338 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is 132 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
339 therefore not suitable for networkless installation 133 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
340 </ti> 134 </ti>
341</tr> 135</tr>
342</table> 136</table>
343 137
344</body> 138</body>
345</subsection> 139</subsection>
346<subsection> 140<subsection>
347<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title> 141<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
348<body> 142<body>
349 143
350<p> 144<p>
351The Universal Installation CD is called <c>install-alpha-universal-2005.1.iso</c> 145The Universal Installation CD is called <c>install-alpha-universal-2005.1.iso</c>
352and consumes the entire surface of a 650 MB CD. You can use this Installation CD 146and consumes the entire surface of a 650 MB CD. You can use this Installation CD
353to install Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working 147to install Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working
380<subsection> 174<subsection>
381<title>Other CDs</title> 175<title>Other CDs</title>
382<body> 176<body>
383 177
384<p> 178<p>
385You might find a so-called Package CD on one of our mirrors. This CD is no 179You might find a so-called Package CD on one of our mirrors. This CD is no
386Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a 180Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
387networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (the so-called GRP set) 181networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (the so-called GRP set)
388that allows you to easily and quickly install additional applications (such as 182that allows you to easily and quickly install additional applications (such as
389OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless Gentoo 183OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless Gentoo
390installation. 184installation.
391</p> 185</p>
392 186
393<p> 187<p>
394If you intend to use the Packages CD to quickly install additional software, 188If you intend to use the Packages CD to quickly install additional software,
395make sure that you use the same subarchitecture as the stage-3 tarball you use. 189make sure that you use the same subarchitecture as the stage3 tarball you use.
190</p>
191
192</body>
193</subsection>
194<subsection>
195<title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
196<body>
197
198<p>
199A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment, suitable
200to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this manual.
201Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of three
202stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
203official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
204performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
205the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
206Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
396</p> 207</p>
397 208
398</body> 209</body>
399</subsection> 210</subsection>
400</section> 211</section>
401<!-- STOP --> 212<!-- STOP -->
402<section> 213<section>
403<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title> 214<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
404<subsection> 215<subsection>
405<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title> 216<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
406<body> 217<body>
407 218
408<p> 219<p>
409You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by 220You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
410downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed 221downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed

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