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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-medium.xml,v 1.42 2006/09/05 06:50:30 rane Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-medium.xml,v 1.43 2007/05/07 18:11:40 nightmorph Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>7.1</version> 11<version>8.0</version>
12<date>2006-09-04</date> 12<date>2007-05-07</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
18<body> 18<body>
19 19
20<p> 20<p>
21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to 21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
22successfully install Gentoo on your box. 22successfully install Gentoo on your box.
23</p> 23</p>
24 24
25</body> 25</body>
26</subsection> 26</subsection>
27<subsection> 27<subsection>
68During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers 68During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
69are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers. 69are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
70</p> 70</p>
71 71
72<p> 72<p>
73All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your 73All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
74partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide 74partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
75two Installation CDs which are equaly suitable to install Gentoo from, as long 75two Installation CDs which are equaly suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
76as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the 76as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the
77latest version of the available packages. 77latest version of the available packages.
78</p> 78</p>
79 79
80<p> 80<p>
81If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use 81If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
82the installation instructions described in the <uri 82the installation instructions described in the <uri
83link="2006.1/index.xml">Gentoo 2006.1 Handbooks</uri>. 83link="2007.0/index.xml">Gentoo 2007.0 Handbooks</uri>.
84</p> 84</p>
85 85
86<p> 86<p>
87The two Installation CDs we currently provide are: 87The two Installation CDs we currently provide are:
88</p> 88</p>
89 89
90<ul> 90<ul>
91 <li> 91 <li>
92 The Gentoo Minimal Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which 92 The Gentoo Minimal Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which
93 sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and continue 93 sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and continue
94 with the Gentoo installation. 94 with the Gentoo installation.
95 </li> 95 </li>
96 <li> 96 <li>
97 The Gentoo Universal Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same abilities 97 The Gentoo Universal Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same abilities
98 as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains several stage3 98 as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains several stage3
100 </li> 100 </li>
101</ul> 101</ul>
102 102
103<p> 103<p>
104To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the 104To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
105major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD. 105major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
106</p> 106</p>
107 107
108</body> 108</body>
109</subsection> 109</subsection>
110<subsection> 110<subsection>
111<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title> 111<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title>
112<body> 112<body>
113 113
114<p> 114<p>
115The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-alpha-minimal-2006.1.iso</c> 115The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-alpha-minimal-2007.0.iso</c>
116and takes up only 65 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to 116and takes up only 65 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to
117install Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only. 117install Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only.
118</p> 118</p>
119 119
120<table> 120<table>
121<tr> 121<tr>
122 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th> 122 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
123 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 123 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
124</tr> 124</tr>
125<tr> 125<tr>
126 <th>+</th> 126 <th>+</th>
127 <ti>Smallest download</ti> 127 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
128</tr> 128</tr>
129<tr> 129<tr>
130 <th>-</th> 130 <th>-</th>
131 <ti> 131 <ti>
132 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is 132 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
133 therefore not suitable for networkless installation 133 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
134 </ti> 134 </ti>
135</tr> 135</tr>
136</table> 136</table>
137 137
138</body> 138</body>
139</subsection> 139</subsection>
140<subsection> 140<subsection>
141<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title> 141<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
142<body> 142<body>
143 143
144<p> 144<p>
145The Universal Installation CD is called <c>install-alpha-universal-2006.1.iso</c> 145The Universal Installation CD is called <c>install-alpha-universal-2007.0.iso</c>
146and consumes about 316 MB on a CD. You can use this Installation CD to install 146and consumes about 316 MB on a CD. You can use this Installation CD to install
147Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working internet 147Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working internet
148connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another PC than the one 148connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another PC than the one
149you are currently installing Gentoo on :) 149you are currently installing Gentoo on :)
150</p> 150</p>
151 151
152<table> 152<table>
153<tr> 153<tr>
154 <th>Universal Installation CD</th> 154 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
155 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 155 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
156</tr> 156</tr>
157<tr> 157<tr>
158 <ti>+</ti> 158 <ti>+</ti>
159 <ti> 159 <ti>
160 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network 160 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
161 connection. 161 connection.
162 </ti> 162 </ti>
163</tr> 163</tr>
164<tr> 164<tr>
165 <ti>-</ti> 165 <ti>-</ti>
166 <ti> 166 <ti>
167 Huge download 167 Huge download
168 </ti> 168 </ti>
169</tr> 169</tr>
170</table> 170</table>
171 171
172</body> 172</body>
173</subsection> 173</subsection>
174<!-- No package CDs for Alpha - 2006.1 174
175<subsection> 175<subsection>
176<title>Other CDs</title> 176<title>Other CDs</title>
177<body> 177<body>
178 178
179<p> 179<p>
180You might find a Package CD on one of our mirrors. This CD is not an 180You might find a Package CD on one of our mirrors. This CD is not an
181Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a 181Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
182networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (also known as the GRP 182networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (also known as the GRP
183set) that allow you to easily and quickly install additional applications 183set) that allow you to easily and quickly install additional applications
184(such as OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless 184(such as OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless
185Gentoo installation. 185Gentoo installation.
186</p> 186</p>
187 187
188<p> 188<p>
189If you intend to use the Packages CD to quickly install additional software, 189If you intend to use the Packages CD to quickly install additional software,
190make sure that you use the same subarchitecture as the stage3 tarball you use. 190make sure that you use the same subarchitecture as the stage3 tarball you use.
191</p> 191</p>
192 192
193</body> 193</body>
194</subsection>--> 194</subsection>
195<subsection> 195<subsection>
196<title>The Stage3 Tarball</title> 196<title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
197<body> 197<body>
198 198
199<p> 199<p>
200A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment, suitable 200A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment, suitable
201to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this manual. 201to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this manual.
202Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of three 202Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of three
203stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the 203stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
204official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in 204official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
205performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read 205performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
206the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo 206the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
207Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri> 207Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
208</p> 208</p>
209 209
212</section> 212</section>
213<!-- STOP --> 213<!-- STOP -->
214<section> 214<section>
215<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title> 215<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
216<subsection> 216<subsection>
217<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title> 217<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
218<body> 218<body>
219 219
220<p> 220<p>
221You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by 221You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
222downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed 222downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
223the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them? 223the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
224</p> 224</p>
225 225
226<p> 226<p>
227You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages 227You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages CD
228CD as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The 228as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
229Installation CDs are located in the <path>releases/alpha/2006.1/installcd</path> 229Installation CDs are located in the <path><keyval
230directory. 230id="release-dir"/>installcd</path> directory.
231</p> 231</p>
232 232
233<p> 233<p>
234Inside that directory you'll find ISO-files. Those are full CD images which you 234Inside that directory you'll find ISO-files. Those are full CD images which you
235can write on a CD-R. 235can write on a CD-R.
236</p> 236</p>
237 237
238<p> 238<p>
239In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can 239In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can
240check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 240check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
241<path>install-alpha-minimal-2006.1.iso.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the MD5 241<path>install-alpha-minimal-2007.0.iso.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the MD5
242checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 242checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
243link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. 243link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
244</p> 244</p>
245 245
246<p> 246<p>
247Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to 247Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
248verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with 248verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
249<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key: 249<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
250</p> 250</p>
251 251
252<pre caption="Obtaining the public key"> 252<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
253$ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 17072058</i> 253$ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 17072058</i>
254</pre> 254</pre>
255 255
256<p> 256<p>
307If your Alpha system supports both SRM and ARCs (ARC, AlphaBIOS, ARCSBIOS) you 307If your Alpha system supports both SRM and ARCs (ARC, AlphaBIOS, ARCSBIOS) you
308should follow <uri link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/x31.html">these 308should follow <uri link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/x31.html">these
309instructions</uri> for switching to SRM. If your system already uses SRM, you 309instructions</uri> for switching to SRM. If your system already uses SRM, you
310are all set. If your system can only use ARCs (Ruffian, nautilus, xl, etc.) you 310are all set. If your system can only use ARCs (Ruffian, nautilus, xl, etc.) you
311will need to choose <c>MILO</c> later on when we are talking about bootloaders. 311will need to choose <c>MILO</c> later on when we are talking about bootloaders.
312</p> 312</p>
313 313
314<p> 314<p>
315Now to boot an Alpha Installation CD, put the CD-ROM in the tray and reboot the 315Now to boot an Alpha Installation CD, put the CD-ROM in the tray and reboot the
316system. You can use SRM to boot the Installation CD. If you cannot do that, you 316system. You can use SRM to boot the Installation CD. If you cannot do that, you
317will have to use <c>MILO</c>. If you don't have <c>MILO</c> installed already, 317will have to use <c>MILO</c>. If you don't have <c>MILO</c> installed already,
318use one of the precompiled <c>MILO</c> images available on <uri 318use one of the precompiled <c>MILO</c> images available on <uri
319link="http://dev.gentoo.org/~taviso/milo/">taviso's homepage</uri>. 319link="http://dev.gentoo.org/~taviso/milo/">taviso's homepage</uri>.
320</p> 320</p>
321 321
322<p>
323This release also includes two entries for people who want to use a serial
324console during the installation, possibly boxes with no keyboard and
325screen attached. One allows you to boot 2.6 using the serial console and
326the other will do the same with our 2.4 kernel.
327</p>
328
329<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using SRM"> 322<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using SRM">
330<comment>(List available hardware drives)</comment> 323<comment>(List available hardware drives)</comment>
331&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>show device</i> 324&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>show device</i>
332dkb0.0.1.4.0 DKB0 TOSHIBA CDROM 325dkb0.0.1.4.0 DKB0 TOSHIBA CDROM
333<comment>(...)</comment> 326<comment>(...)</comment>
334<comment>(Substitute dkb0 with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment> 327<comment>(Substitute dkb0 with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment>
335&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 0</i> 328&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 0</i>
336<comment>To boot the 2.4 kernel instead of the default 2.6 kernel use:</comment>
337&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb -flags 1</i>
338<comment>(If you need serial console support)</comment> 329<comment>(If you need serial console support)</comment>
339<comment>To boot the 2.6 kernel with serial console support use:</comment>
340&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 2</i> 330&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 2</i>
341<comment>To boot the 2.4 kernel with serial console support use:</comment>
342&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 3</i>
343</pre> 331</pre>
344 332
345<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using MILO"> 333<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using MILO">
346<comment>(Substitute hdb with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment> 334<comment>(Substitute hdb with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment>
347MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:/boot/gentoo_2.6 initrd=/boot/gentoo_2_6.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs cdroot</i> 335MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:/boot/gentoo_2.6 initrd=/boot/gentoo_2_6.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs cdroot</i>
348<comment>To boot the 2.4 kernel instead of the default 2.6 kernel use:</comment>
349MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:/boot/gentoo_2.4 initrd=/boot/gentoo_2_4.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs cdroot</i>
350<comment>(If you need serial console support)</comment> 336<comment>(If you need serial console support)</comment>
351<comment>To boot the 2.6 kernel with serial console support use:</comment>
352MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:/boot/gentoo_2.6 initrd=/boot/gentoo_2_6.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs console=ttyS0 cdroot</i> 337MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:/boot/gentoo_2.6 initrd=/boot/gentoo_2_6.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs console=ttyS0 cdroot</i>
353<comment>To boot the 2.4 kernel with serial console support use:</comment>
354MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:/boot/gentoo_2.4 initrd=/boot/gentoo_2_4.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs console=ttyS0 cdroot</i>
355</pre> 338</pre>
356 339
357<p> 340<p>
358You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch 341You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch
359to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you 342to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you
360started on by pressing Alt-F1. 343started on by pressing Alt-F1.
361</p> 344</p>
362 345
363<p> 346<p>
364Now continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>. 347Now continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>.
365</p> 348</p>
366 349
367</body> 350</body>
368</subsection> 351</subsection>
369<subsection id="hardware"> 352<subsection id="hardware">
400test the performance of your disk (execute it several times to get a 383test the performance of your disk (execute it several times to get a
401more precise impression): 384more precise impression):
402</p> 385</p>
403 386
404<pre caption="Testing disk performance"> 387<pre caption="Testing disk performance">
405# <i>hdparm -tT /dev/hda</i> 388# <i>hdparm -tT /dev/hda</i>
406</pre> 389</pre>
407 390
408<p> 391<p>
409To tweak, you can use any of the following examples (or experiment 392To tweak, you can use any of the following examples (or experiment
410yourself) which use <path>/dev/hda</path> as disk (substitute with your 393yourself) which use <path>/dev/hda</path> as disk (substitute with your
411disk): 394disk):
412</p> 395</p>
413 396
414<pre caption="Tweaking hard disk performance"> 397<pre caption="Tweaking hard disk performance">
415<comment>Activate DMA:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 /dev/hda</i> 398<comment>Activate DMA:</comment>
416<comment>Activate DMA + Safe Performance-enhancing Options:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 -A 1 -m 16 -u 1 -a 64 /dev/hda</i> 399# <i>hdparm -d 1 /dev/hda</i>
400<comment>Activate DMA + Safe Performance-enhancing Options:</comment>
401# <i>hdparm -d 1 -A 1 -m 16 -u 1 -a 64 /dev/hda</i>
417</pre> 402</pre>
418 403
419</body> 404</body>
420</subsection> 405</subsection>
421<subsection id="useraccounts"> 406<subsection id="useraccounts">
422<title>Optional: User Accounts</title> 407<title>Optional: User Accounts</title>
423<body> 408<body>
424 409
425<p> 410<p>
426If you plan on giving other people access to your installation 411If you plan on giving other people access to your installation
427environment or you want to chat using <c>irssi</c> without root privileges (for 412environment or you want to chat using <c>irssi</c> without root privileges (for
428security reasons), you need to create the necessary user accounts and change 413security reasons), you need to create the necessary user accounts and change
429the root password. 414the root password.
430</p> 415</p>
431 416
480</p> 465</p>
481 466
482<pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation"> 467<pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation">
483# <i>lynx /mnt/cdrom/docs/html/index.html</i> 468# <i>lynx /mnt/cdrom/docs/html/index.html</i>
484</pre> 469</pre>
485 470
486<p> 471<p>
487However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be 472However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be
488more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>lynx</c> 473more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>lynx</c>
489as well, but only after having completed the <e>Configuring your Network</e> 474as well, but only after having completed the <e>Configuring your Network</e>
490chapter (otherwise you won't be able to go on the Internet to view the 475chapter (otherwise you won't be able to go on the Internet to view the
491document): 476document):
492</p> 477</p>
493 478
494<pre caption="Viewing the Online Documentation"> 479<pre caption="Viewing the Online Documentation">
495# <i>lynx http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/handbook/handbook-alpha.xml</i> 480# <i>lynx http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/handbook/<keyval id="online-book"/></i>
496</pre> 481</pre>
497 482
498<p> 483<p>
499You can go back to your original terminal by pressing <c>Alt-F1</c>. 484You can go back to your original terminal by pressing <c>Alt-F1</c>.
500</p> 485</p>
501 486
502</body> 487</body>
503</subsection> 488</subsection>
504<subsection> 489<subsection>
505<title>Optional: Starting the SSH Daemon</title> 490<title>Optional: Starting the SSH Daemon</title>
506<body> 491<body>
507 492
508<p> 493<p>
509If you want to allow other users to access your computer during the 494If you want to allow other users to access your computer during the
510Gentoo installation (perhaps because those users are going to help you 495Gentoo installation (perhaps because those users are going to help you

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