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2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-medium.xml,v 1.26 2005/02/14 15:51:45 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-medium.xml,v 1.34 2005/08/09 09:43:58 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>1.21</version> 11<version>2.6</version>
12<date>2005-01-07</date> 12<date>2005-08-09</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
51</table> 51</table>
52 52
53</body> 53</body>
54</subsection> 54</subsection>
55</section> 55</section>
56<!-- Copy/paste from the hb-install-x86-medium.xml file but no Universal LiveCD. 56<!-- Copy/paste from the hb-install-x86-medium.xml file. -->
57 Also s/x86/alpha -->
58<!-- START --> 57<!-- START -->
59<section> 58<section>
60<title>The Gentoo Installation Approaches</title> 59<title>The Gentoo Installation Approaches</title>
61<subsection> 60<subsection>
62<title>Introduction</title> 61<title>Introduction</title>
139 <th>-</th> 138 <th>-</th>
140 <ti> 139 <ti>
141 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is a waste of time 140 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is a waste of time
142 </ti> 141 </ti>
143</tr> 142</tr>
143<tr>
144 <th>-</th>
145 <ti>
146 Requires a working Internet connection during the installation
147 </ti>
148</tr>
144</table> 149</table>
145 150
146</body> 151</body>
147</subsection> 152</subsection>
148<subsection> 153<subsection>
186 <ti>It's still not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti> 191 <ti>It's still not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
187</tr> 192</tr>
188<tr> 193<tr>
189 <th>-</th> 194 <th>-</th>
190 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti> 195 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti>
196</tr>
197<tr>
198 <th>-</th>
199 <ti>
200 Requires a working Internet connection during the installation
201 </ti>
191</tr> 202</tr>
192</table> 203</table>
193 204
194</body> 205</body>
195</subsection> 206</subsection>
235 246
236</body> 247</body>
237</subsection> 248</subsection>
238</section> 249</section>
239<section> 250<section>
240<title>The Gentoo LiveCDs</title> 251<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
241<subsection> 252<subsection>
242<title>Introduction</title> 253<title>Introduction</title>
243<body> 254<body>
244 255
245<p> 256<p>
246The <e>Gentoo LiveCDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a 257The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
247self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD. 258self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
248During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers 259During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
249are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers. 260are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
250</p> 261</p>
251 262
252<p> 263<p>
253All LiveCDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your 264All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
254partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide 265partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
255two LiveCDs which are equaly suitable to install Gentoo from, as long as you're 266two Installation CDs which are equaly suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
256planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the latest version 267as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the
257of the available packages. 268latest version of the available packages.
258</p> 269</p>
259 270
260<p> 271<p>
261If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use 272If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
262the installation instructions described in the <uri 273the installation instructions described in the <uri
263link="2004.3/index.xml">Gentoo 2004.3 Handbooks</uri>. This is currently not 274link="2005.1/index.xml">Gentoo 2005.1 Handbooks</uri>.
264supported for the Alpha architecture though.
265</p>
266
267<p> 275</p>
268For the Alpha architecture, we only provide a <e>Minimal</e> LiveCD, 276
269a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which sole purpose is to boot the
270system, prepare the networking and continue with the Gentoo installation.
271</p> 277<p>
278The two Installation CDs we currently provide are:
279</p>
272 280
281<ul>
282 <li>
283 The Gentoo Minimal Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which
284 sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and continue
285 with the Gentoo installation.
286 </li>
287 <li>
288 The Gentoo Universal Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same abilities
289 as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains a stage1 and
290 several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual subarchitectures).
291 </li>
292</ul>
293
294<p>
295To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
296major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
297</p>
298
273</body> 299</body>
274</subsection>
275<subsection> 300</subsection>
301<subsection>
276<title>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</title> 302<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title>
277<body> 303<body>
278 304
279<p> 305<p>
280The Minimal LiveCD is called <c>install-alpha-minimal-2004.3-r1.iso</c> and 306The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-alpha-minimal-2005.1.iso</c>
281takes up only 54 MB of diskspace. You can use this LiveCD to install Gentoo, 307and takes up only 54 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to
282but always with a working Internet connection only. 308install Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only.
283</p> 309</p>
284 310
285<table> 311<table>
286<tr> 312<tr>
287 <th>Minimal LiveCD</th> 313 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
288 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 314 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
289</tr> 315</tr>
290<tr> 316<tr>
291 <th>+</th> 317 <th>+</th>
292 <ti>Smallest download</ti> 318 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
304 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is 330 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
305 therefore not suitable for networkless installation 331 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
306 </ti> 332 </ti>
307</tr> 333</tr>
308</table> 334</table>
335
336</body>
337</subsection>
338<subsection>
339<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
340<body>
341
342<p>
343The Universal Installation CD is called <c>install-alpha-universal-2005.1.iso</c>
344and consumes the entire surface of a 650 MB CD. You can use this Installation CD
345to install Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working
346internet connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another PC than
347the one you are currently installing Gentoo on :)
348</p>
349
350<table>
351<tr>
352 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
353 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
354</tr>
355<tr>
356 <ti>+</ti>
357 <ti>
358 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
359 connection.
360 </ti>
361</tr>
362<tr>
363 <ti>-</ti>
364 <ti>
365 Huge download
366 </ti>
367</tr>
368</table>
369
370</body>
371</subsection>
372<subsection>
373<title>Other CDs</title>
374<body>
375
376<p>
377You might find a so-called Package CD on one of our mirrors. This CD is no
378Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
379networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (the so-called GRP set)
380that allows you to easily and quickly install additional applications (such as
381OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless Gentoo
382installation.
383</p>
309 384
310</body> 385</body>
311</subsection> 386</subsection>
312</section> 387</section>
313<!-- STOP --> 388<!-- STOP -->
314<section> 389<section>
315<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo LiveCD</title> 390<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
316<subsection> 391<subsection>
317<title>Downloading and Burning the LiveCDs</title> 392<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
318<body> 393<body>
319 394
320<p>
321You have chosen to use a Gentoo LiveCD. We'll first start by downloading and
322burning the chosen LiveCD. We previously discussed the several available
323LiveCDs, but where can you find them?
324</p> 395<p>
325 396You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
397downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
398the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
326<p> 399</p>
400
401<p>
327You can download any of the LiveCDs (and, if you want to, a Packages CD as 402You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages
328well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The 403CD as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
329LiveCDs are located in the <path>releases/alpha/2004.3/livecd</path> directory. 404Installation CDs are located in the <path>releases/alpha/2005.1/installcd</path>
405directory.
330</p> 406</p>
331 407
332<p> 408<p>
333Inside that directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images 409Inside that directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images
334which you can write on a CD-R. 410which you can write on a CD-R.
335</p> 411</p>
336 412
337<p> 413<p>
338In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can 414In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can
339check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 415check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
340<path>install-alpha-minimal-2004.3.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 checksum 416<path>install-alpha-minimal-2005.1.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5
341with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 417checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
342link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. 418link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
343</p> 419</p>
344 420
345<p> 421<p>
346Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to 422Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
369 445
370<ul> 446<ul>
371 <li> 447 <li>
372 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso 448 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
373 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's 449 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's
374 device path) followed by the path to the ISO file :) 450 device path).
375 </li> 451 </li>
376 <li> 452 <li>
377 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then 453 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then
378 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click 454 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click
379 <c>Start</c>. 455 <c>Start</c>.
381</ul> 457</ul>
382 458
383</body> 459</body>
384</subsection> 460</subsection>
385<subsection> 461<subsection>
386<title>Booting the LiveCD</title> 462<title>Booting the Installation CD</title>
387<body> 463<body>
388 464
389<p> 465<p>
390When your Alpha is powered on, the first thing that gets started is the 466When your Alpha is powered on, the first thing that gets started is the
391firmware. It is loosely synonymous with the BIOS software on PC systems. There 467firmware. It is loosely synonymous with the BIOS software on PC systems. There
393Manual</e>) and ARC (<e>Advanced Risc Console</e>). 469Manual</e>) and ARC (<e>Advanced Risc Console</e>).
394</p> 470</p>
395 471
396<p> 472<p>
397SRM is based on the Alpha Console Subsystem specification, which provides an 473SRM is based on the Alpha Console Subsystem specification, which provides an
398operating environment for OpenVMS, Tru64 UNIX, and Linux operating systems. ARM 474operating environment for OpenVMS, Tru64 UNIX, and Linux operating systems. ARC
399is based on the Advanced RISC Computing (ARC) specification, which provides 475is based on the Advanced RISC Computing (ARC) specification, which provides
400an operating environment for Windows NT. You can find a 476an operating environment for Windows NT. You can find a
401<uri link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/SRM-HOWTO/">detailed guide</uri> on 477<uri link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/SRM-HOWTO/">detailed guide</uri> on
402using SRM over at the Alpha Linux website. 478using SRM over at the Alpha Linux website.
403</p> 479</p>
404 480
405<p> 481<p>
406If your Alpha system supports both SRC and ARCs (ARC, AlphaBIOS, ARCSBIOS) you 482If your Alpha system supports both SRM and ARCs (ARC, AlphaBIOS, ARCSBIOS) you
407should follow <uri link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/x31.html">these 483should follow <uri link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/x31.html">these
408instructions</uri> for switching to SRM. If your system already uses SRM, you 484instructions</uri> for switching to SRM. If your system already uses SRM, you
409are all set. If your system can only use ARCs (Ruffian, nautilus, xl, etc.) you 485are all set. If your system can only use ARCs (Ruffian, nautilus, xl, etc.) you
410will need to choose <c>MILO</c> later on when we are talking about bootloaders. 486will need to choose <c>MILO</c> later on when we are talking about bootloaders.
411</p> 487</p>
412 488
413<p> 489<p>
414Now to boot an Alpha LiveCD, put the CD-ROM in the tray and reboot the system. 490Now to boot an Alpha Installation CD, put the CD-ROM in the tray and reboot the
415You can use SRM to boot the LiveCD. If you cannot do that, you will have to use 491system. You can use SRM to boot the Installation CD. If you cannot do that, you
416<c>MILO</c>. If you don't have <c>MILO</c> installed already, use one of the 492will have to use <c>MILO</c>. If you don't have <c>MILO</c> installed already,
417precompiled <c>MILO</c> images available on <uri 493use one of the precompiled <c>MILO</c> images available on <uri
418link="http://dev.gentoo.org/~taviso/milo/">taviso's homepage</uri>. 494link="http://dev.gentoo.org/~taviso/milo/">taviso's homepage</uri>.
419</p> 495</p>
420 496
421<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using SRM"> 497<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using SRM">
422<comment>(List available hardware drives)</comment> 498<comment>(List available hardware drives)</comment>
423&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>show device</i> 499&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>show device</i>
424dkb0.0.1.4.0 DKB0 TOSHIBA CDROM 500dkb0.0.1.4.0 DKB0 TOSHIBA CDROM
425<comment>(...)</comment> 501<comment>(...)</comment>
426<comment>(Substitute dkb0 with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment> 502<comment>(Substitute dkb0 with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment>
427&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 0</i> 503&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 0</i>
504<comment>To boot the 2.4 kernel instead of the default 2.6 kernel use:</comment>
505&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb -flags 1</i>
428</pre> 506</pre>
429 507
430<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using MILO"> 508<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using MILO">
431<comment>(Substitute hdb with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment> 509<comment>(Substitute hdb with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment>
432MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:/boot/gentoo initrd=/boot/gentoo.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs cdroot</i> 510MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:/boot/gentoo_2.6 initrd=/boot/gentoo_2_6.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs cdroot</i>
511<comment>To boot the 2.4 kernel instead of the default 2.6 kernel use:</comment>
512MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:/boot/gentoo_2.4 initrd=/boot/gentoo_2_4.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs cdroot</i>
433</pre> 513</pre>
434 514
435<p> 515<p>
436You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch 516You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch
437to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you 517to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you
447<subsection id="hardware"> 527<subsection id="hardware">
448<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title> 528<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title>
449<body> 529<body>
450 530
451<p> 531<p>
452When the Live CD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and 532When the Installation CD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and
453loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the 533loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the
454vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases (the 534vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases it may
455SPARC LiveCDs don't even do autodetection), it may not auto-load the kernel 535not auto-load the kernel
456modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some of your system's 536modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some of your system's
457hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules manually. 537hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules manually.
458</p> 538</p>
459 539
460<p> 540<p>
556If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run 636If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run
557<c>lynx</c> to read it: 637<c>lynx</c> to read it:
558</p> 638</p>
559 639
560<pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation"> 640<pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation">
561# <i>lynx /mnt/cdrom/docs/html/index.html</i> 641# <i>lynx /mnt/cdrom/docs/handbook/html/index.html</i>
562</pre> 642</pre>
563 643
564<p> 644<p>
565However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be 645However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be
566more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>lynx</c> 646more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>lynx</c>

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