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2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
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6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-medium.xml,v 1.32 2005/05/25 09:47:58 neysx Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-medium.xml,v 1.36 2005/10/09 16:33:54 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>2.4</version> 11<version>2.8</version>
12<date>2005-05-24</date> 12<date>2005-10-09</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
100A <e>stage1</e> is used when you want to bootstrap and build the entire system 100A <e>stage1</e> is used when you want to bootstrap and build the entire system
101from scratch. 101from scratch.
102</p> 102</p>
103 103
104<p> 104<p>
105Starting from a stage1 allows you to have total control over the 105This approach builds core system packages that are vital to your system and is
106optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is 106used by Gentoo developers to prepare the Gentoo release media. It is a great
107initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for
108power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great
109installation method for those who would like to know more about the 107installation method for those who would like to learn more about the inner
110inner workings of Gentoo Linux. 108workings of bootstrapping, toolchains and the like.
109</p>
110
111<p>
112However, if you do not plan to tweak the bootstrapping instructions in the
113<path>bootstrap.sh</path> script written by the Gentoo developers, then a
114stage1 approach has no benefits for you.
111</p> 115</p>
112 116
113<table> 117<table>
114<tr> 118<tr>
115 <th>Stage1</th> 119 <th>Stage1</th>
116 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 120 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
117</tr> 121</tr>
118<tr> 122<tr>
119 <th>+</th> 123 <th>+</th>
120 <ti> 124 <ti>
121 Allows you to have total control over the optimization settings and optional 125 Allows you to have total control over the installation routine, bootstrap
122 build-time functionality that is initially enabled on your system 126 sequence, etc.
123 </ti> 127 </ti>
124</tr>
125<tr> 128</tr>
126 <th>+</th>
127 <ti>Suitable for powerusers that know what they are doing</ti>
128</tr> 129<tr>
129<tr>
130 <th>+</th> 130 <th>+</th>
131 <ti>Allows you to learn more about the inner workings of Gentoo</ti> 131 <ti>Suitable for powerusers and developers who know what they are doing</ti>
132</tr> 132</tr>
133<tr> 133<tr>
134 <th>-</th> 134 <th>-</th>
135 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti> 135 <ti>
136 Takes a long time to finish the installation (it is the lengthiest approach)
137 </ti>
136</tr> 138</tr>
137<tr> 139<tr>
138 <th>-</th> 140 <th>-</th>
139 <ti> 141 <ti>
140 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is a waste of time 142 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is a waste of time
158A <e>stage2</e> is used for building the entire system from a bootstrapped 160A <e>stage2</e> is used for building the entire system from a bootstrapped
159"semi-compiled" state. 161"semi-compiled" state.
160</p> 162</p>
161 163
162<p> 164<p>
163Stage2 installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process; doing this 165When you perform a stage2 installation approach, you will build all system
164is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose 166packages (core packages, including toolchain) using your specific <c>USE</c>,
165for your particular stage2 tarball. 167<c>CFLAGS</c> and <c>CXXFLAGS</c> settings. Any package build will therefore be
168optimized to your preference.
169</p>
170
171<p>
172However, this installation takes some time and if you do not intend to change
173the <c>CFLAGS</c> and <c>CXXFLAGS</c> settings that we have defined as a "good
174default", using this approach only makes sense if your <c>USE</c> variable is
175sufficiently different from the default <c>USE</c> we provide.
166</p> 176</p>
167 177
168<table> 178<table>
169<tr> 179<tr>
170 <th>Stage2</th> 180 <th>Stage2</th>
182 <th>+</th> 192 <th>+</th>
183 <ti>You can still tweak your settings</ti> 193 <ti>You can still tweak your settings</ti>
184</tr> 194</tr>
185<tr> 195<tr>
186 <th>-</th> 196 <th>-</th>
187 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti> 197 <ti>It's still not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
188</tr> 198</tr>
189<tr> 199<tr>
190 <th>-</th> 200 <th>-</th>
191 <ti>It's still not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
192</tr>
193<tr>
194 <th>-</th>
195 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti>
196</tr>
197<tr>
198 <th>-</th>
199 <ti> 201 <ti>
200 Requires a working Internet connection during the installation 202 Requires a working Internet connection during the installation
201 </ti> 203 </ti>
202</tr> 204</tr>
203</table> 205</table>
208<title>A Stage3 Approach</title> 210<title>A Stage3 Approach</title>
209<body> 211<body>
210 212
211<p> 213<p>
212A <e>stage3</e> installation contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has been 214A <e>stage3</e> installation contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has been
213built for you. You will only need to build a few packages of which we can't 215built for you. You will only need to build a few packages (such as system
214decide for you which one to choose. 216logger, networking tools, ...) before you can boot into a base Gentoo
217installation.
215</p> 218</p>
216 219
217<p> 220<p>
218Choosing to go with a stage3 allows for the fastest install of Gentoo 221Choosing to go with a stage3 allows for the fastest install of Gentoo
219Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization 222Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization
231<tr> 234<tr>
232 <th>+</th> 235 <th>+</th>
233 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti> 236 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti>
234</tr> 237</tr>
235<tr> 238<tr>
236 <th>-</th> 239 <th>+</th>
237 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti> 240 <ti>
241 You can still tweak your system
242 </ti>
238</tr> 243</tr>
239</table> 244</table>
240 245
241<p> 246<p>
242You might be interested to know that, if you decide to use different 247You might be interested to know that, if you decide to use different
243optimization settings after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to 248optimization settings after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to
244recompile your entire system with the new optimization settings. 249recompile your entire system with the new optimization settings. The same goes
250for any <c>USE</c> flag changes: Portage is intelligent enough to know what
251packages need to be rebuild.
245</p> 252</p>
246 253
247</body> 254</body>
248</subsection> 255</subsection>
249</section> 256</section>
257
250<section> 258<section>
251<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title> 259<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
252<subsection> 260<subsection>
253<title>Introduction</title> 261<title>Introduction</title>
254<body> 262<body>
269</p> 277</p>
270 278
271<p> 279<p>
272If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use 280If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
273the installation instructions described in the <uri 281the installation instructions described in the <uri
274link="2005.0/index.xml">Gentoo 2005.0 Handbooks</uri>. 282link="2005.1/index.xml">Gentoo 2005.1 Handbooks</uri>.
275</p> 283</p>
276 284
277<p> 285<p>
278The two Installation CDs we currently provide are: 286The two Installation CDs we currently provide are:
279</p> 287</p>
301<subsection> 309<subsection>
302<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title> 310<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title>
303<body> 311<body>
304 312
305<p> 313<p>
306The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-alpha-minimal-2005.0.iso</c> 314The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-alpha-minimal-2005.1.iso</c>
307and takes up only 54 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to 315and takes up only 54 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to
308install Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only. 316install Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only.
309</p> 317</p>
310 318
311<table> 319<table>
338<subsection> 346<subsection>
339<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title> 347<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
340<body> 348<body>
341 349
342<p> 350<p>
343The Universal Installation CD is called <c>install-alpha-universal-2005.0.iso</c> 351The Universal Installation CD is called <c>install-alpha-universal-2005.1.iso</c>
344and consumes the entire surface of a 650 MB CD. You can use this Installation CD 352and consumes the entire surface of a 650 MB CD. You can use this Installation CD
345to install Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working 353to install Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working
346internet connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another PC than 354internet connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another PC than
347the one you are currently installing Gentoo on :) 355the one you are currently installing Gentoo on :)
348</p> 356</p>
380that allows you to easily and quickly install additional applications (such as 388that allows you to easily and quickly install additional applications (such as
381OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless Gentoo 389OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless Gentoo
382installation. 390installation.
383</p> 391</p>
384 392
393<p>
394If you intend to use the Packages CD to quickly install additional software,
395make sure that you use the same subarchitecture as the stage-3 tarball you use.
396</p>
397
385</body> 398</body>
386</subsection> 399</subsection>
387</section> 400</section>
388<!-- STOP --> 401<!-- STOP -->
389<section> 402<section>
399</p> 412</p>
400 413
401<p> 414<p>
402You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages 415You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages
403CD as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The 416CD as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
404Installation CDs are located in the <path>releases/alpha/2005.0/installcd</path> 417Installation CDs are located in the <path>releases/alpha/2005.1/installcd</path>
405directory. 418directory.
406</p> 419</p>
407 420
408<p> 421<p>
409Inside that directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images 422Inside that directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images
411</p> 424</p>
412 425
413<p> 426<p>
414In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can 427In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can
415check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 428check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
416<path>install-alpha-minimal-2005.0.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 429<path>install-alpha-minimal-2005.1.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5
417checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 430checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
418link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. 431link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
419</p> 432</p>
420 433
421<p> 434<p>
499&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>show device</i> 512&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>show device</i>
500dkb0.0.1.4.0 DKB0 TOSHIBA CDROM 513dkb0.0.1.4.0 DKB0 TOSHIBA CDROM
501<comment>(...)</comment> 514<comment>(...)</comment>
502<comment>(Substitute dkb0 with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment> 515<comment>(Substitute dkb0 with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment>
503&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 0</i> 516&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 0</i>
517<comment>To boot the 2.4 kernel instead of the default 2.6 kernel use:</comment>
518&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb -flags 1</i>
504</pre> 519</pre>
505 520
506<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using MILO"> 521<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using MILO">
507<comment>(Substitute hdb with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment> 522<comment>(Substitute hdb with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment>
508MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:/boot/gentoo initrd=/boot/gentoo.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs cdroot</i> 523MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:/boot/gentoo_2.6 initrd=/boot/gentoo_2_6.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs cdroot</i>
524<comment>To boot the 2.4 kernel instead of the default 2.6 kernel use:</comment>
525MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:/boot/gentoo_2.4 initrd=/boot/gentoo_2_4.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs cdroot</i>
509</pre> 526</pre>
510 527
511<p> 528<p>
512You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch 529You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch
513to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you 530to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you
632If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run 649If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run
633<c>lynx</c> to read it: 650<c>lynx</c> to read it:
634</p> 651</p>
635 652
636<pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation"> 653<pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation">
637# <i>lynx /mnt/cdrom/docs/handbook/html/index.html</i> 654# <i>lynx /mnt/cdrom/docs/html/index.html</i>
638</pre> 655</pre>
639 656
640<p> 657<p>
641However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be 658However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be
642more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>lynx</c> 659more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>lynx</c>

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