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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-medium.xml,v 1.9 2004/07/03 09:07:55 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-alpha-medium.xml,v 1.39 2005/11/29 14:48:46 jkt Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10
11<version>2.10</version>
12<date>2005-11-29</date>
13
10<section> 14<section>
11<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
12<subsection> 16<subsection>
13<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
14<body> 18<body>
15 19
16<p> 20<p>
17Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to 21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
18successfully install Gentoo on your box. This of course depends on your 22successfully install Gentoo on your box.
19architecture.
20</p> 23</p>
21 24
22</body> 25</body>
23</subsection>
24<subsection> 26</subsection>
25<title>The Alpha Architecture</title> 27<subsection>
28<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
29<body>
30
31<table>
32<tr>
33 <th>CPU</th>
34 <ti>
35 Please check with the <uri
36 link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/FAQ-5.html">Alpha/Linux FAQ</uri>
37 </ti>
38</tr>
39<tr>
40 <th>Memory</th>
41 <ti>64 MB</ti>
42</tr>
43<tr>
44 <th>Diskspace</th>
45 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
46</tr>
47<tr>
48 <th>Swap space</th>
49 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
50</tr>
51</table>
52
26<body> 53</body>
54</subsection>
55</section>
27 56
57<!-- Copy/paste from hb-install-x86-medium.xml -->
58<!-- START -->
59<section>
60<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
61<subsection>
62<title>Introduction</title>
63<body>
64
65<p>
66The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
67self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
68During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
69are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
28<p> 70</p>
29Check the following requirements before you 71
30continue with the Gentoo installation: 72<p>
73All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
74partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
75two Installation CDs which are equaly suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
76as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the
77latest version of the available packages.
78</p>
79
80<p>
81If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
82the installation instructions described in the <uri
83link="2005.1/index.xml">Gentoo 2005.1 Handbooks</uri>.
84</p>
85
86<p>
87The two Installation CDs we currently provide are:
31</p> 88</p>
32 89
33<ul> 90<ul>
34<li> 91 <li>
35 You need at least 1 Gb of free disk space 92 The Gentoo Minimal Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which
93 sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and continue
94 with the Gentoo installation.
36</li> 95 </li>
37<li> 96 <li>
38 For the <e>Alpha architecture</e>, you should check with the <uri 97 The Gentoo Universal Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same abilities
39 link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/FAQ-5.html">Alpha/Linux FAQ</uri> 98 as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains several stage3
99 tarballs (optimized for the individual subarchitectures).
40</li> 100 </li>
41</ul> 101</ul>
42 102
103<p>
104To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
105major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
106</p>
107
43</body> 108</body>
44</subsection>
45</section>
46<section>
47<title>Make your Choice</title>
48<subsection> 109</subsection>
49<title>Introduction</title>
50<body>
51
52<p>
53Still interested in trying out Gentoo? Well, then it is now time to
54choose the installation medium you want to use. Yes, you have the
55choice, no, they are not all equal, and yes, the result is always the same: a
56Gentoo base system.
57</p>
58
59<p>
60The installation media we will describe are:
61</p>
62
63<ul>
64<li>The Gentoo Alpha LiveCD</li>
65</ul>
66
67<p>
68Before we continue, let's explain our three-stage installation.
69</p>
70
71</body>
72</subsection> 110<subsection>
73<subsection> 111<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title>
74<title>The Three Stages</title>
75<body> 112<body>
76 113
77<p>
78Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
79The one you choose depends on how much of the system you want to compile
80yourself. The <e>stage1</e> tarball is used when you want to bootstrap and
81build the entire system from scratch. The <e>stage2</e> tarball is used for
82building the entire system from a bootstrapped &quot;semi-compiled&quot; state.
83The <e>stage3</e> tarball already contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has
84been built for you.
85</p> 114<p>
86 115The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-alpha-minimal-2005.1.iso</c>
87<p> 116and takes up only 54 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to
88Now what stage do you have to choose? 117install Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only.
89</p>
90
91<p>
92Starting from a <e>stage1</e> allows you to have total control over the
93optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is
94initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for
95power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great
96installation method for those who would like to know more about the
97inner workings of Gentoo Linux.
98</p>
99
100<p>
101A <e>stage1</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
102Internet connection.
103</p> 118</p>
104 119
105<table> 120<table>
106<tr> 121<tr>
107 <th>Stage1</th> 122 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
108 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 123 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
109</tr> 124</tr>
110<tr> 125<tr>
111 <th>+</th> 126 <th>+</th>
112 <ti> 127 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
113 Allows you to have total control over the optimization settings and optional
114 build-time functionality that is initially enabled on your system
115 </ti>
116</tr>
117<tr>
118 <th>+</th>
119 <ti>Suitable for powerusers that know what they are doing</ti>
120</tr>
121<tr>
122 <th>+</th>
123 <ti>Allows you to learn more about the inner workings of Gentoo</ti>
124</tr>
125<tr>
126 <th>-</th>
127 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti>
128</tr> 128</tr>
129<tr> 129<tr>
130 <th>-</th> 130 <th>-</th>
131 <ti> 131 <ti>
132 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is probably a waste of time 132 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
133 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
133 </ti> 134 </ti>
134</tr> 135</tr>
136</table>
137
138</body>
139</subsection>
140<subsection>
141<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
142<body>
143
144<p>
145The Universal Installation CD is called <c>install-alpha-universal-2005.1.iso</c>
146and consumes the entire surface of a 650 MB CD. You can use this Installation CD
147to install Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working
148internet connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another PC than
149the one you are currently installing Gentoo on :)
150</p>
151
152<table>
153<tr>
154 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
155 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
135<tr> 156</tr>
157<tr>
136 <th>-</th> 158 <ti>+</ti>
137 <ti> 159 <ti>
138 Not suitable for networkless installations 160 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
161 connection.
139 </ti> 162 </ti>
140</tr> 163</tr>
164<tr>
165 <ti>-</ti>
166 <ti>
167 Huge download
168 </ti>
169</tr>
141</table> 170</table>
142 171
143<p>
144<e>Stage2</e> installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process and doing this
145is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose
146for your particular <e>stage2</e> tarball.
147</p>
148
149<p>
150A <e>stage2</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
151Internet connection.
152</p>
153
154<table>
155<tr>
156 <th>Stage2</th>
157 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
158</tr>
159<tr>
160 <th>+</th>
161 <ti>You don't need to bootstrap</ti>
162</tr>
163<tr>
164 <th>+</th>
165 <ti>Faster than starting with stage1</ti>
166</tr>
167<tr>
168 <th>+</th>
169 <ti>You can still tweak your settings</ti>
170</tr>
171<tr>
172 <th>-</th>
173 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti>
174</tr>
175<tr>
176 <th>-</th>
177 <ti>It's not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
178</tr>
179<tr>
180 <th>-</th>
181 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti>
182</tr>
183<tr>
184 <th>-</th>
185 <ti>
186 Not suitable for networkless installations
187 </ti>
188</tr>
189</table>
190
191<p>
192Choosing to go with a <e>stage3</e> allows for the fastest install of Gentoo
193Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization
194settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings
195and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining
196stability). <e>stage3</e> is also required if you want to install Gentoo using
197prebuilt packages or without a network connection.
198</p>
199
200<table>
201<tr>
202 <th>Stage3</th>
203 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
204</tr>
205<tr>
206 <th>+</th>
207 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti>
208</tr>
209<tr>
210 <th>+</th>
211 <ti>Suitable for networkless installations</ti>
212</tr>
213<tr>
214 <th>-</th>
215 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti>
216</tr>
217<tr>
218 <th>-</th>
219 <ti>You cannot brag about having used stage1 or stage2</ti>
220</tr>
221</table>
222
223<p>
224Write down (or remember) what stage you want to use. You need this later when
225you decide what LiveCD (or other installation medium) you want to use. You might
226be interested to know that, if you decide to use different optimization settings
227after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to recompile your entire system
228with the new optimization settings.
229</p>
230
231<p>
232Now take a look at the available installation media.
233</p>
234
235</body> 172</body>
236</subsection>
237<subsection> 173</subsection>
238<title>The Gentoo Alpha LiveCD</title> 174<subsection>
175<title>Other CDs</title>
176<body>
177
178<p>
179You might find a Package CD on one of our mirrors. This CD is not an
180Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
181networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (also known as the GRP
182set) that allow you to easily and quickly install additional applications
183(such as OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless
184Gentoo installation.
185</p>
186
187<p>
188If you intend to use the Packages CD to quickly install additional software,
189make sure that you use the same subarchitecture as the stage3 tarball you use.
190</p>
191
239<body> 192</body>
193</subsection>
194<subsection>
195<title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
196<body>
240 197
241<p>
242The <e>Gentoo Alpha LiveCD</e> is a bootable CD which contain a
243self-sustained Gentoo environment. It allows you to boot Linux from the CD.
244During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
245are loaded. It is maintained by Gentoo developers.
246</p> 198<p>
247 199A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment, suitable
248<p> 200to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this manual.
249The <e>Gentoo Alpha LiveCD</e> is a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which sole 201Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of three
250purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and continue with the 202stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
251Gentoo installation. It does not contain any stages (or, in some cases, a 203official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
252single stage1 file), source code or precompiled packages. For example the 204performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
253alpha variant of this LiveCD can be found in the 205the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
254<path>releases/1.4_rc1/alpha</path> subdirectory and is called 206Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
255<c>gentoo-alpha-1.4rc1-test3.iso.bz2</c>.
256</p> 207</p>
257 208
258</body> 209</body>
259</subsection> 210</subsection>
260</section> 211</section>
212<!-- STOP -->
261<section> 213<section>
262<title>Download, Burn and Boot the Gentoo LiveCD</title> 214<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
263<subsection> 215<subsection>
264<title>Downloading and Burning the LiveCDs</title> 216<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
265<body> 217<body>
266 218
267<p>
268You have chosen to use a Gentoo LiveCD (if not, then you are reading the
269wrong document). We'll first start by downloading and burning the chosen
270LiveCD.
271</p> 219<p>
272 220You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
221downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
222the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
273<p> 223</p>
274Visit one of our <uri 224
275link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri> and go to 225<p>
276<path>releases/1.4rc1/alpha</path> which is where the LiveCD(s) of your choice 226You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages
277are located. Inside that directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are 227CD as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
278full CD images which you can write on a CD-R. 228Installation CDs are located in the <path>releases/alpha/2005.1/installcd</path>
229directory.
230</p>
231
232<p>
233Inside that directory you'll find ISO-files. Those are full CD images which you
234can write on a CD-R.
279</p> 235</p>
280 236
281<p> 237<p>
282In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can 238In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can
283check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 239check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
284<path>gentoo-alpha-1.4rc1-test3.iso.bz2.md5sum</path>). You can check the MD5 240<path>install-alpha-minimal-2005.1.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5
285checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 241checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
286link="http://www.md5summer.org">md5summer</uri> for Windows. 242link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
287</p>
288
289<p> 243</p>
290Once downloaded, decompress the ISO file (as it is stored in a compressed format
291using the Burrows-Wheeler text compression algorithm) using <c>bunzip2</c> (on
292Unix/Linux systems):
293</p>
294
295<pre caption="Decompressing the iso.bz2 file">
296# <i>bunzip2 gentoo-alpha-1.4rc1-test3.iso.bz2</i>
297</pre>
298 244
299<p> 245<p>
300Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to 246Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
301verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with 247verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
302<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key: 248<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
303</p> 249</p>
304 250
305<pre caption="Obtaining the public key"> 251<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
306$ <i>gpg --keyserver pgp.mit.edu --recv-keys 19462D47</i> 252$ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 17072058</i>
307</pre> 253</pre>
308 254
309<p> 255<p>
310Now verify the signature: 256Now verify the signature:
311</p> 257</p>
312 258
313<pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature"> 259<pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature">
314$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i> 260$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i>
315<comment>(If everything goes well, you should see something like this:)</comment>
316gpg: Signature made Mon Apr 19 18:54:40 2004 EDT using DSA key ID 19462D47
317gpg: Good signature from "John Davis (Gentoo Linux Developer) &lt;zhen@gentoo.org&gt;"
318gpg: aka "Gentoo Linux Release Engineering &lt;releng@gentoo.org&gt;"
319</pre> 261</pre>
320 262
321<p> 263<p>
322To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you 264To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
323do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and 265do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
325link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>. 267link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
326</p> 268</p>
327 269
328<ul> 270<ul>
329 <li> 271 <li>
330 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace 272 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
331 <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device path) followed 273 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's
332 by the path to the ISO file :) 274 device path).
333 </li> 275 </li>
334 <li> 276 <li>
335 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then 277 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then
336 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click 278 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click
337 <c>Start</c>. 279 <c>Start</c>.
339</ul> 281</ul>
340 282
341</body> 283</body>
342</subsection> 284</subsection>
343<subsection> 285<subsection>
344<title>Booting the Alpha LiveCD(s)</title> 286<title>Booting the Installation CD</title>
345<body> 287<body>
346 288
347<p> 289<p>
348When your Alpha is powered on, the first thing that gets started is the 290When your Alpha is powered on, the first thing that gets started is the
349firmware. It is loosely synonymous with the BIOS software on PC systems. There 291firmware. It is loosely synonymous with the BIOS software on PC systems. There
351Manual</e>) and ARC (<e>Advanced Risc Console</e>). 293Manual</e>) and ARC (<e>Advanced Risc Console</e>).
352</p> 294</p>
353 295
354<p> 296<p>
355SRM is based on the Alpha Console Subsystem specification, which provides an 297SRM is based on the Alpha Console Subsystem specification, which provides an
356operating environment for OpenVMS, Tru64 UNIX, and Linux operating systems. ARM 298operating environment for OpenVMS, Tru64 UNIX, and Linux operating systems. ARC
357is based on the Advanced RISC Computing (ARC) specification, which provides 299is based on the Advanced RISC Computing (ARC) specification, which provides
358an operating environment for Windows NT. 300an operating environment for Windows NT. You can find a
359</p> 301<uri link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/SRM-HOWTO/">detailed guide</uri> on
360 302using SRM over at the Alpha Linux website.
361<p> 303</p>
304
305<p>
362If your Alpha system supports both SRC and ARCs (ARC, AlphaBIOS, ARCSBIOS) you 306If your Alpha system supports both SRM and ARCs (ARC, AlphaBIOS, ARCSBIOS) you
363should follow <uri link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/x31.html">these 307should follow <uri link="http://www.alphalinux.org/faq/x31.html">these
364instructions</uri> for switching to SRM. If your system already uses SRM, you 308instructions</uri> for switching to SRM. If your system already uses SRM, you
365are all set. If your system can only use ARCs (Ruffian, nautilus, xl, etc.) you 309are all set. If your system can only use ARCs (Ruffian, nautilus, xl, etc.) you
366will need to choose <c>MILO</c> later on when we are talking about bootloaders. 310will need to choose <c>MILO</c> later on when we are talking about bootloaders.
367</p> 311</p>
368 312
369<p> 313<p>
370Now to boot an Alpha LiveCD, put the CD-ROM in the tray and reboot the system. 314Now to boot an Alpha Installation CD, put the CD-ROM in the tray and reboot the
371You can use SRM to boot the LiveCD. If you cannot do that, you will have to use 315system. You can use SRM to boot the Installation CD. If you cannot do that, you
372<c>MILO</c>. If you don't have <c>MILO</c> installed already, use one of the 316will have to use <c>MILO</c>. If you don't have <c>MILO</c> installed already,
373precompiled <c>MILO</c> images available on <uri 317use one of the precompiled <c>MILO</c> images available on <uri
374link="http://dev.gentoo.org/~taviso/milo/">taviso's homepage</uri>. 318link="http://dev.gentoo.org/~taviso/milo/">taviso's homepage</uri>.
375</p> 319</p>
376 320
377<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using SRM"> 321<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using SRM">
378<comment>(List available hardware drives)</comment> 322<comment>(List available hardware drives)</comment>
379&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>show device</i> 323&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>show device</i>
380dkb0.0.1.4.0 DKB0 TOSHIBA CDROM 324dkb0.0.1.4.0 DKB0 TOSHIBA CDROM
381<comment>(...)</comment> 325<comment>(...)</comment>
382<comment>(Substitute dkb0 with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment> 326<comment>(Substitute dkb0 with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment>
383&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 0</i> 327&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb0 -flags 0</i>
328<comment>To boot the 2.4 kernel instead of the default 2.6 kernel use:</comment>
329&gt;&gt;&gt; <i>boot dkb -flags 1</i>
384</pre> 330</pre>
385 331
386<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using MILO"> 332<pre caption="Booting a CD-ROM using MILO">
387<comment>(Substitute hdb with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment> 333<comment>(Substitute hdb with your CD-ROM drive device)</comment>
388MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:boot/vmlinuz initrd=initrd.img root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc</i> 334MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:/boot/gentoo_2.6 initrd=/boot/gentoo_2_6.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs cdroot</i>
335<comment>To boot the 2.4 kernel instead of the default 2.6 kernel use:</comment>
336MILO&gt; <i>boot hdb:/boot/gentoo_2.4 initrd=/boot/gentoo_2_4.igz root=/dev/ram0 init=/linuxrc looptype=zisofs loop=/zisofs cdroot</i>
389</pre> 337</pre>
390 338
391<p> 339<p>
392You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch 340You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch
393to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you 341to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you
403<subsection id="hardware"> 351<subsection id="hardware">
404<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title> 352<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title>
405<body> 353<body>
406 354
407<p> 355<p>
408When the Live CD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and 356When the Installation CD boots, it tries to detect all your hardware devices and
409loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the 357loads the appropriate kernel modules to support your hardware. In the
410vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases (the 358vast majority of cases, it does a very good job. However, in some cases it may
411SPARC LiveCDs don't even do autodetection), it may not auto-load the kernel 359not auto-load the kernel
412modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some of your system's 360modules you need. If the PCI auto-detection missed some of your system's
413hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules manually. 361hardware, you will have to load the appropriate kernel modules manually.
414</p> 362</p>
415 363
416<p> 364<p>
450<comment>Activate DMA + Safe Performance-enhancing Options:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 -A 1 -m 16 -u 1 -a 64 /dev/hda</i> 398<comment>Activate DMA + Safe Performance-enhancing Options:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 -A 1 -m 16 -u 1 -a 64 /dev/hda</i>
451</pre> 399</pre>
452 400
453</body> 401</body>
454</subsection> 402</subsection>
455<subsection> 403<subsection id="useraccounts">
456<title>Optional: User Accounts</title> 404<title>Optional: User Accounts</title>
457<body> 405<body>
458 406
459<p> 407<p>
460If you plan on giving other people access to your installation 408If you plan on giving other people access to your installation
478its password. We use <c>useradd</c> and <c>passwd</c> for these tasks. 426its password. We use <c>useradd</c> and <c>passwd</c> for these tasks.
479In the next example, we create a user called &quot;john&quot;. 427In the next example, we create a user called &quot;john&quot;.
480</p> 428</p>
481 429
482<pre caption="Creating a user account"> 430<pre caption="Creating a user account">
483# <i>useradd john</i> 431# <i>useradd -m -G users john</i>
484# <i>passwd john</i> 432# <i>passwd john</i>
485New password: <comment>(Enter john's password)</comment> 433New password: <comment>(Enter john's password)</comment>
486Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter john's password)</comment> 434Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter john's password)</comment>
487</pre> 435</pre>
488 436
490You can change your user id from root to the newly created user by using 438You can change your user id from root to the newly created user by using
491<c>su</c>: 439<c>su</c>:
492</p> 440</p>
493 441
494<pre caption="Changing user id"> 442<pre caption="Changing user id">
495# <i>su john -</i> 443# <i>su - john</i>
444</pre>
445
446</body>
447</subsection>
448<subsection>
449<title>Optional: Viewing Documentation while Installing</title>
450<body>
451
452<p>
453If you want to view the Gentoo Handbook (either from-CD or online) during the
454installation, make sure you have created a user account (see <uri
455link="#useraccounts">Optional: User Accounts</uri>). Then press <c>Alt-F2</c> to
456go to a new terminal and log in.
496</pre> 457</p>
458
459<p>
460If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run
461<c>lynx</c> to read it:
462</p>
463
464<pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation">
465# <i>lynx /mnt/cdrom/docs/html/index.html</i>
466</pre>
467
468<p>
469However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be
470more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>lynx</c>
471as well, but only after having completed the <e>Configuring your Network</e>
472chapter (otherwise you won't be able to go on the Internet to view the
473document):
474</p>
475
476<pre caption="Viewing the Online Documentation">
477# <i>lynx http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/handbook/handbook-alpha.xml</i>
478</pre>
479
480<p>
481You can go back to your original terminal by pressing <c>Alt-F1</c>.
482</p>
497 483
498</body> 484</body>
499</subsection> 485</subsection>
500<subsection> 486<subsection>
501<title>Optional: Starting the SSH Daemon</title> 487<title>Optional: Starting the SSH Daemon</title>
516<pre caption="Starting the SSH daemon"> 502<pre caption="Starting the SSH daemon">
517# <i>/etc/init.d/sshd start</i> 503# <i>/etc/init.d/sshd start</i>
518</pre> 504</pre>
519 505
520<p> 506<p>
521To be able to use sshd, you first need to setup your networking. Continue with 507To be able to use sshd, you first need to set up your networking. Continue with
522the chapter on <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=3">Configuring your Network</uri>. 508the chapter on <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=3">Configuring your Network</uri>.
523</p> 509</p>
524 510
525</body> 511</body>
526</subsection> 512</subsection>

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