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2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.113 2012/04/08 20:34:04 cam Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.122 2013/07/24 20:40:40 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<abstract> 11<abstract>
12You need to edit some important configuration files. In this chapter 12You need to edit some important configuration files. In this chapter
13you receive an overview of these files and an explanation on how to 13you receive an overview of these files and an explanation on how to
14proceed. 14proceed.
15</abstract> 15</abstract>
16 16
17<version>20</version> 17<version>28</version>
18<date>2012-04-08</date> 18<date>2013-07-24</date>
19 19
20<section> 20<section>
21<title>Filesystem Information</title> 21<title>Filesystem Information</title>
22<subsection> 22<subsection>
23<title>What is fstab?</title> 23<title>What is fstab?</title>
96usually the <path><keyval id="/boot"/></path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as 96usually the <path><keyval id="/boot"/></path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as
97filesystem. It needs to be checked during boot, so we would write down: 97filesystem. It needs to be checked during boot, so we would write down:
98</p> 98</p>
99 99
100<pre caption="An example /boot line for /etc/fstab"> 100<pre caption="An example /boot line for /etc/fstab">
101<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults 1 2 101<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults 0 2
102</pre> 102</pre>
103 103
104<p> 104<p>
105Some users don't want their <path>/boot</path> partition to be mounted 105Some users don't want their <path>/boot</path> partition to be mounted
106automatically to improve their system's security. Those people should 106automatically to improve their system's security. Those people should
120<p> 120<p>
121Now use the <e>example</e> below to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>: 121Now use the <e>example</e> below to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>:
122</p> 122</p>
123 123
124<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='HPPA'"> 124<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='HPPA'">
125<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2 125<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 0 2
126/dev/sda3 none swap sw 0 0 126/dev/sda3 none swap sw 0 0
127/dev/sda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1 127/dev/sda4 / ext4 noatime 0 1
128 128
129/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 129/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
130
131proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
132shm /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
133</pre> 130</pre>
134 131
135<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='Alpha' or func:keyval('arch')='MIPS' or func:keyval('arch')='x86' or func:keyval('arch')='AMD64'"> 132<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='Alpha' or func:keyval('arch')='MIPS' or func:keyval('arch')='x86' or func:keyval('arch')='AMD64'">
136<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2 133<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 0 2
137/dev/sda2 none swap sw 0 0 134/dev/sda2 none swap sw 0 0
138/dev/sda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1 135/dev/sda3 / ext4 noatime 0 1
139 136
140/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 137/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
141
142proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
143shm /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
144</pre> 138</pre>
145 139
146<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='SPARC'"> 140<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='SPARC'">
147/dev/sda1 / ext3 noatime 0 1 141/dev/sda1 / ext4 noatime 0 1
148/dev/sda2 none swap sw 0 0 142/dev/sda2 none swap sw 0 0
149/dev/sda4 /usr ext3 noatime 0 2 143/dev/sda4 /usr ext4 noatime 0 2
150/dev/sda5 /var ext3 noatime 0 2 144/dev/sda5 /var ext4 noatime 0 2
151/dev/sda6 /home ext3 noatime 0 2 145/dev/sda6 /home ext4 noatime 0 2
152 146
153<comment># You must add the rules for openprom</comment> 147<comment># You must add the rules for openprom</comment>
154openprom /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0 148openprom /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0
155 149
156/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 150/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
157
158proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
159shm /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
160</pre> 151</pre>
161 152
162<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC' or 153<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC' or
163func:keyval('arch')='PPC64'"> 154func:keyval('arch')='PPC64'">
164/dev/sda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1 155/dev/sda4 / ext4 noatime 0 1
165/dev/sda3 none swap sw 0 0 156/dev/sda3 none swap sw 0 0
166 157
167/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 158/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
168
169proc /proc proc defaults 0 0
170shm /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
171</pre> 159</pre>
172 160
173<p> 161<p>
174<c>auto</c> makes <c>mount</c> guess for the filesystem (recommended for 162<c>auto</c> makes <c>mount</c> guess for the filesystem (recommended for
175removable media as they can be created with one of many filesystems) and 163removable media as they can be created with one of many filesystems) and
308<p> 296<p>
309To enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need 297To enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need
310to set both <c>config_eth0</c> and <c>routes_eth0</c>: 298to set both <c>config_eth0</c> and <c>routes_eth0</c>:
311</p> 299</p>
312 300
301<note>
302This assumes that your network interface will be called eth0. This is, however,
303very system dependent. It is recommended to assume that the interface is named
304the same as the interface name when booted from the installation media <e>if</e>
305the installation media is sufficiently recent. More information can be found in
306<uri link="?part=4&amp;chap=2#doc_chap4">Network Interface Naming</uri>.
307</note>
308
313<pre caption="Manually setting IP information for eth0"> 309<pre caption="Manually setting IP information for eth0">
314config_eth0="192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0 brd 192.168.0.255" 310config_eth0="192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0 brd 192.168.0.255"
315routes_eth0="default via 192.168.0.1" 311routes_eth0="default via 192.168.0.1"
316</pre> 312</pre>
317 313
355# <i>rc-update add net.eth0 default</i> 351# <i>rc-update add net.eth0 default</i>
356</pre> 352</pre>
357 353
358<p> 354<p>
359If you have several network interfaces, you need to create the appropriate 355If you have several network interfaces, you need to create the appropriate
360<path>net.eth1</path>, <path>net.eth2</path> etc. just like you did with 356<path>net.*</path> files just like you did with <path>net.eth0</path>.
361<path>net.eth0</path>. 357</p>
358
362</p> 359<p>
360If you later find out the assumption about the network interface name (which we
361currently document as eth0) was wrong, then
362</p>
363
364<ol>
365<li>
366update the <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path> file with the correct interface name (like enp3s0
367instead of eth0),
368</li>
369<li>
370create new symbolic link (like <path>/etc/init.d/net.enp3s0</path>),
371</li>
372<li>
373remove the old symbolic link (<c>rm /etc/init.d/net.eth0</c>),
374</li>
375<li>
376add the new one to the default runlevel, and
377</li>
378<li>
379remove the old one using <c>rc-update del net.eth0 default</c>.
380</li>
381</ol>
363 382
364</body> 383</body>
365</subsection> 384</subsection>
366<subsection> 385<subsection>
367<title>Writing Down Network Information</title> 386<title>Writing Down Network Information</title>
491<p> 510<p>
492When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/hwclock</path>, save and 511When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/hwclock</path>, save and
493exit. 512exit.
494</p> 513</p>
495 514
496<p>
497You should define the timezone that you previously copied to
498<path>/etc/localtime</path> in the <path>/etc/timezone</path> file so that
499further upgrades of the <c>sys-libs/timezone-data</c> package can update
500<path>/etc/localtime</path> automatically. For instance, if you used the
501Europe/Brussels timezone, you would write <c>Europe/Brussels</c> in the
502<path>/etc/timezone</path> file.
503</p>
504
505</body> 515</body>
506</subsection> 516</subsection>
507 517
508<subsection> 518<subsection>
509<title>Configure locales</title> 519<title>Configure locales</title>
534You can select your desired locales in the list given by running <c>locale -a</c>. 544You can select your desired locales in the list given by running <c>locale -a</c>.
535</note> 545</note>
536 546
537<warn> 547<warn>
538We strongly suggest that you should use at least one UTF-8 locale because some 548We strongly suggest that you should use at least one UTF-8 locale because some
539applications would require it. 549applications may require it.
540</warn> 550</warn>
541 551
542<p> 552<p>
543The next step is to run <c>locale-gen</c>. It will generates all the locales you 553The next step is to run <c>locale-gen</c>. It will generates all the locales you
544have specified in the <path>/etc/locale.gen</path> file. 554have specified in the <path>/etc/locale.gen</path> file.
565<pre caption="Reload shell environment"> 575<pre caption="Reload shell environment">
566# env-update &amp;&amp; source /etc/profile 576# env-update &amp;&amp; source /etc/profile
567</pre> 577</pre>
568 578
569<p> 579<p>
570We made a full <uri link="../guide-localization.xml#doc_chap3">Localization 580We made a full <uri link="https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/Localization/HOWTO">Localization
571Guide</uri> to help you through this process. You can also read our detailed 581Guide</uri> to help you through this process. You can also read the detailed
572<uri link="../utf-8.xml#doc_chap2">UTF-8 Guide</uri> for very specific 582<uri link="https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/UTF-8">UTF-8 article</uri> for very specific
573informations to enable UTF-8 on your system. 583informations to enable UTF-8 on your system.
574</p> 584</p>
575 585
576<p test="not(func:keyval('arch')='PPC64')"> 586<p test="not(func:keyval('arch')='PPC64')">
577Please continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System 587Please continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System

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