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2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
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6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.86 2006/10/28 09:17:54 neysx Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.122 2013/07/24 20:40:40 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<abstract> 11<abstract>
12You need to edit some important configuration files. In this chapter 12You need to edit some important configuration files. In this chapter
13you receive an overview of these files and an explanation on how to 13you receive an overview of these files and an explanation on how to
14proceed. 14proceed.
15</abstract> 15</abstract>
16 16
17<version>7.4</version> 17<version>28</version>
18<date>2006-10-20</date> 18<date>2013-07-24</date>
19 19
20<section> 20<section>
21<title>Filesystem Information</title> 21<title>Filesystem Information</title>
22<subsection> 22<subsection>
23<title>What is fstab?</title> 23<title>What is fstab?</title>
73</li> 73</li>
74</ul> 74</ul>
75 75
76<impo> 76<impo>
77The default <path>/etc/fstab</path> file provided by Gentoo <e>is not a valid 77The default <path>/etc/fstab</path> file provided by Gentoo <e>is not a valid
78fstab file</e>, You <b>have to create</b> your own <path>/etc/fstab</path>. 78fstab file</e>. You <b>have to create</b> your own <path>/etc/fstab</path>.
79</impo> 79</impo>
80 80
81<pre caption="Opening /etc/fstab"> 81<pre caption="Opening /etc/fstab">
82# <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i> 82# <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i>
83</pre> 83</pre>
89Let us take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path> 89Let us take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path>
90partition. This is just an example, if you didn't or couldn't create a 90partition. This is just an example, if you didn't or couldn't create a
91<path>/boot</path>, don't copy it. 91<path>/boot</path>, don't copy it.
92</p> 92</p>
93 93
94<p test="contains(func:keyval('/boot'), '/dev/hd')">
95In our default <keyval id="arch"/> partitioning example, <path>/boot</path> is
96usually the <path><keyval id="/boot"/></path> partition (or
97<path>/dev/sda*</path> if you use SCSI or SATA drives), with <c>ext2</c> as
98filesystem. It needs to be checked during boot, so we would write down:
99</p> 94<p>
100
101<p test="contains(func:keyval('/boot'), '/dev/sd')">
102In our default <keyval id="arch"/> partitioning example, <path>/boot</path> is 95In our default <keyval id="arch"/> partitioning example, <path>/boot</path> is
103usually the <path><keyval id="/boot"/></path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as 96usually the <path><keyval id="/boot"/></path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as
104filesystem. It needs to be checked during boot, so we would write down: 97filesystem. It needs to be checked during boot, so we would write down:
105</p> 98</p>
106 99
107<pre caption="An example /boot line for /etc/fstab"> 100<pre caption="An example /boot line for /etc/fstab">
108<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults 1 2 101<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults 0 2
109</pre> 102</pre>
110 103
111<p> 104<p>
112Some users don't want their <path>/boot</path> partition to be mounted 105Some users don't want their <path>/boot</path> partition to be mounted
113automatically to improve their system's security. Those people should 106automatically to improve their system's security. Those people should
116</p> 109</p>
117 110
118</body> 111</body>
119<body> 112<body>
120 113
121<p test="not(func:keyval('arch')='SPARC')"> 114<p>
122Add the rules that match your partitioning scheme and append rules for 115Add the rules that match your partitioning scheme and append rules for
123<path>/proc</path>, <c>tmpfs</c>, for your CD-ROM drive(s), and of course, if
124you have other partitions or drives, for those too.
125</p>
126
127<p test="func:keyval('arch')='SPARC'">
128Add the rules that match your partitioning schema and append rules for
129<path>/proc/openprom</path>, <path>/proc</path>, <c>tmpfs</c> , for your CD-ROM
130drive(s), and of course, if you have other partitions or drives, for those too. 116your CD-ROM drive(s), and of course, if you have other partitions or drives,
117for those too.
131</p> 118</p>
132 119
133<p> 120<p>
134Now use the <e>example</e> below to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>: 121Now use the <e>example</e> below to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>:
135</p> 122</p>
136 123
137<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='AMD64' or func:keyval('arch')='x86'"> 124<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='HPPA'">
138<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2 125<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 0 2
139/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0 126/dev/sda3 none swap sw 0 0
140/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1 127/dev/sda4 / ext4 noatime 0 1
141
142none /proc proc defaults 0 0
143none /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
144 128
145/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 129/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
146</pre> 130</pre>
147 131
148<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='HPPA'"> 132<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='Alpha' or func:keyval('arch')='MIPS' or func:keyval('arch')='x86' or func:keyval('arch')='AMD64'">
149<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2 133<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 0 2
134/dev/sda2 none swap sw 0 0
135/dev/sda3 / ext4 noatime 0 1
136
137/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
138</pre>
139
140<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='SPARC'">
141/dev/sda1 / ext4 noatime 0 1
142/dev/sda2 none swap sw 0 0
143/dev/sda4 /usr ext4 noatime 0 2
144/dev/sda5 /var ext4 noatime 0 2
145/dev/sda6 /home ext4 noatime 0 2
146
147<comment># You must add the rules for openprom</comment>
148openprom /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0
149
150/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
151</pre>
152
153<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC' or
154func:keyval('arch')='PPC64'">
155/dev/sda4 / ext4 noatime 0 1
150/dev/sda3 none swap sw 0 0 156/dev/sda3 none swap sw 0 0
151/dev/sda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1
152
153none /proc proc defaults 0 0
154none /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
155
156/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
157</pre>
158
159<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='Alpha' or func:keyval('arch')='MIPS'">
160<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 1 2
161/dev/sda2 none swap sw 0 0
162/dev/sda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1
163
164none /proc proc defaults 0 0
165none /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
166
167/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
168</pre>
169
170<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='SPARC'">
171/dev/sda1 / ext3 noatime 0 1
172/dev/sda2 none swap sw 0 0
173/dev/sda4 /usr ext3 noatime 0 2
174/dev/sda5 /var ext3 noatime 0 2
175/dev/sda6 /home ext3 noatime 0 2
176
177none /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0
178none /proc proc defaults 0 0
179none /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
180
181/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
182</pre>
183
184<note test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC'">
185There are important variations between PPC machine types. Please make sure you
186adapt the following example to your system.
187</note>
188
189<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC'">
190/dev/hda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1
191/dev/hda3 none swap sw 0 0
192
193none /proc proc defaults 0 0
194none /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
195
196/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
197</pre>
198
199<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC64'">
200/dev/sda4 / ext3 noatime 0 1
201/dev/sda3 none swap sw 0 0
202
203none /proc proc defaults 0 0
204none /dev/shm tmpfs nodev,nosuid,noexec 0 0
205 157
206/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 158/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
207</pre> 159</pre>
208 160
209<p> 161<p>
240</p> 192</p>
241 193
242<pre caption="Setting the host name"> 194<pre caption="Setting the host name">
243# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/hostname</i> 195# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/hostname</i>
244 196
245<comment>(Set the HOSTNAME variable to your host name)</comment> 197<comment>(Set the hostname variable to your host name)</comment>
246HOSTNAME="<i>tux</i>" 198hostname="<i>tux</i>"
247</pre> 199</pre>
248 200
249<p> 201<p>
250Second we set the domainname in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>: 202Second, <e>if</e> you need a domainname, set it in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>.
203You only need a domain if your ISP or network administrator says so, or if you
204have a DNS server but not a DHCP server. You don't need to worry about DNS or
205domainnames if your networking is setup for DHCP.
251</p> 206</p>
252 207
253<pre caption="Setting the domainname"> 208<pre caption="Setting the domainname">
254# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i> 209# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i>
255 210
256<comment>(Set the dns_domain variable to your domain name)</comment> 211<comment>(Set the dns_domain variable to your domain name)</comment>
257dns_domain_lo="<i>homenetwork</i>" 212dns_domain_lo="<i>homenetwork</i>"
258</pre> 213</pre>
259 214
215<note>
216If you choose not to set a domainname, you can get rid of the "This is
217hostname.(none)" messages at your login screen by editing
218<path>/etc/issue</path>. Just delete the string <c>.\O</c> from that file.
219</note>
220
260<p> 221<p>
261If you have a NIS domain (if you don't know what that is, then you don't have 222If you have a NIS domain (if you don't know what that is, then you don't have
262one), you need to define that one too: 223one), you need to define that one too:
263</p> 224</p>
264 225
269nis_domain_lo="<i>my-nisdomain</i>" 230nis_domain_lo="<i>my-nisdomain</i>"
270</pre> 231</pre>
271 232
272<note> 233<note>
273For more information on configuring DNS and NIS, please read the examples 234For more information on configuring DNS and NIS, please read the examples
274provided in <path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path>. 235provided in <path>/usr/share/doc/openrc-*/net.example.bz2</path> which
236can be read using <c>bzless</c>. Also, you may want to emerge <c>openresolv</c>
237to help manage your DNS/NIS setup.
275</note> 238</note>
276 239
277</body> 240</body>
278</subsection> 241</subsection>
279<subsection> 242<subsection>
296<p> 259<p>
297All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses 260All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses
298a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up 261a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up
299networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything. A fully 262networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything. A fully
300commented example that covers many different configurations is available in 263commented example that covers many different configurations is available in
301<path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path>. 264<path>/usr/share/doc/openrc-*/net.example.bz2</path>.
302</p> 265</p>
303 266
304<p> 267<p>
305DHCP is used by default. For DHCP to work, you will need to install a DHCP 268DHCP is used by default. For DHCP to work, you will need to install a DHCP
306client. This is described later in <uri 269client. This is described later in <uri
324</p> 287</p>
325 288
326<pre caption="Default /etc/conf.d/net"> 289<pre caption="Default /etc/conf.d/net">
327# This blank configuration will automatically use DHCP for any net.* 290# This blank configuration will automatically use DHCP for any net.*
328# scripts in /etc/init.d. To create a more complete configuration, 291# scripts in /etc/init.d. To create a more complete configuration,
329# please review /etc/conf.d/net.example and save your configuration 292# please review /usr/share/doc/openrc-*/net.example.bz2 and save
330# in /etc/conf.d/net (this file :]!). 293# your configuration in /etc/conf.d/net (this file :]!).
331</pre> 294</pre>
332 295
333<p> 296<p>
334To enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need 297To enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need
335to set both <c>config_eth0</c> and <c>routes_eth0</c>: 298to set both <c>config_eth0</c> and <c>routes_eth0</c>:
336</p> 299</p>
337 300
301<note>
302This assumes that your network interface will be called eth0. This is, however,
303very system dependent. It is recommended to assume that the interface is named
304the same as the interface name when booted from the installation media <e>if</e>
305the installation media is sufficiently recent. More information can be found in
306<uri link="?part=4&amp;chap=2#doc_chap4">Network Interface Naming</uri>.
307</note>
308
338<pre caption="Manually setting IP information for eth0"> 309<pre caption="Manually setting IP information for eth0">
339config_eth0=( "192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0 brd 192.168.0.255" ) 310config_eth0="192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0 brd 192.168.0.255"
340routes_eth0=( "default gw 192.168.0.1" ) 311routes_eth0="default via 192.168.0.1"
341</pre> 312</pre>
342 313
343<p> 314<p>
344To use DHCP and add specific DHCP options, define <c>config_eth0</c> and 315To use DHCP, define <c>config_eth0</c>:
345<c>dhcp_eth0</c>:
346</p> 316</p>
347 317
348<pre caption="Automatically obtaining an IP address for eth0"> 318<pre caption="Automatically obtaining an IP address for eth0">
349config_eth0=( "dhcp" ) 319config_eth0="dhcp"
350dhcp_eth0="nodns nontp nonis"
351</pre> 320</pre>
352 321
353<p> 322<p>
354Please read <path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path> for a list of all available 323Please read <path>/usr/share/doc/openrc-*/net.example.bz2</path> for a
355options. 324list of all available options. Be sure to also read your DHCP client manpage if
325you need to set specific DHCP options.
356</p> 326</p>
357 327
358<p> 328<p>
359If you have several network interfaces repeat the above steps for 329If you have several network interfaces repeat the above steps for
360<c>config_eth1</c>, <c>config_eth2</c>, etc. 330<c>config_eth1</c>, <c>config_eth2</c>, etc.
370<title>Automatically Start Networking at Boot</title> 340<title>Automatically Start Networking at Boot</title>
371<body> 341<body>
372 342
373<p> 343<p>
374To have your network interfaces activated at boot, you need to add them to the 344To have your network interfaces activated at boot, you need to add them to the
375default runlevel. If you have PCMCIA interfaces you should skip this action as 345default runlevel.
376the PCMCIA interfaces are started by the PCMCIA init script.
377</p> 346</p>
378 347
379<pre caption="Adding net.eth0 to the default runlevel"> 348<pre caption="Adding net.eth0 to the default runlevel">
349# <i>cd /etc/init.d</i>
350# <i>ln -s net.lo net.eth0</i>
380# <i>rc-update add net.eth0 default</i> 351# <i>rc-update add net.eth0 default</i>
381</pre> 352</pre>
382 353
383<p> 354<p>
384If you have several network interfaces, you need to create the appropriate 355If you have several network interfaces, you need to create the appropriate
385<path>net.eth1</path>, <path>net.eth2</path> etc. initscripts for those. You can 356<path>net.*</path> files just like you did with <path>net.eth0</path>.
386use <c>ln</c> to do this: 357</p>
358
387</p> 359<p>
388 360If you later find out the assumption about the network interface name (which we
389<pre caption="Creating extra initscripts"> 361currently document as eth0) was wrong, then
390# <i>cd /etc/init.d</i>
391# <i>ln -s net.lo net.eth1</i>
392# <i>rc-update add net.eth1 default</i>
393</pre> 362</p>
363
364<ol>
365<li>
366update the <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path> file with the correct interface name (like enp3s0
367instead of eth0),
368</li>
369<li>
370create new symbolic link (like <path>/etc/init.d/net.enp3s0</path>),
371</li>
372<li>
373remove the old symbolic link (<c>rm /etc/init.d/net.eth0</c>),
374</li>
375<li>
376add the new one to the default runlevel, and
377</li>
378<li>
379remove the old one using <c>rc-update del net.eth0 default</c>.
380</li>
381</ol>
394 382
395</body> 383</body>
396</subsection> 384</subsection>
397<subsection> 385<subsection>
398<title>Writing Down Network Information</title> 386<title>Writing Down Network Information</title>
435<subsection test="func:keyval('arch')='AMD64' or func:keyval('arch')='x86' or substring(func:keyval('arch'),1,3)='PPC'"> 423<subsection test="func:keyval('arch')='AMD64' or func:keyval('arch')='x86' or substring(func:keyval('arch'),1,3)='PPC'">
436<title>Optional: Get PCMCIA Working</title> 424<title>Optional: Get PCMCIA Working</title>
437<body> 425<body>
438 426
439<p> 427<p>
440PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package. This also 428PCMCIA users should first install the <c>pcmciautils</c> package.
441includes users who will be working with a 2.6 kernel (even though they won't be
442using the PCMCIA drivers from this package). The <c>USE="-X"</c> is necessary
443to avoid installing xorg-x11 at this moment:
444</p> 429</p>
445 430
446<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs"> 431<pre caption="Installing pcmciautils">
447# <i>USE="-X" emerge pcmcia-cs</i> 432# <i>emerge pcmciautils</i>
448</pre>
449
450<p>
451When <c>pcmcia-cs</c> is installed, add <c>pcmcia</c> to the <e>default</e>
452runlevel:
453</p>
454
455<pre caption="Adding pcmcia to the default runlevel">
456# <i>rc-update add pcmcia default</i>
457</pre> 433</pre>
458 434
459</body> 435</body>
460</subsection> 436</subsection>
461</section> 437</section>
472 448
473<pre caption="Setting the root password"> 449<pre caption="Setting the root password">
474# <i>passwd</i> 450# <i>passwd</i>
475</pre> 451</pre>
476 452
477<p>
478If you want root to be able to log on through the serial console, add
479<c>tts/0</c> to <path>/etc/securetty</path>:
480</p>
481
482<pre caption="Adding tts/0 to /etc/securetty">
483# <i>echo "tts/0" &gt;&gt; /etc/securetty</i>
484</pre>
485
486</body> 453</body>
487</subsection> 454</subsection>
488<subsection> 455<subsection>
489<title>System Information</title> 456<title>System Information</title>
490<body> 457<body>
491 458
492<p> 459<p>
493Gentoo uses <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> for general, system-wide configuration. 460Gentoo uses <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> to configure the services, startup,
494Open up <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> and enjoy all the comments in that file :) 461and shutdown of your system. Open up <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> and enjoy all
462the comments in the file.
495</p> 463</p>
496 464
497<pre caption="Opening /etc/rc.conf"> 465<pre caption="Configuring services">
498# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i> 466# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i>
499</pre> 467</pre>
500 468
501<p> 469<p>
502When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit. 470When you're finished configuring these two files, save them and exit.
503</p>
504
505<p>
506As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary
507configuration variables. You can configure your system to use unicode and
508define your default editor and your display manager (like gdm or kdm).
509</p> 471</p>
510 472
511<p> 473<p>
512Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path> to handle keyboard configuration. 474Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path> to handle keyboard configuration.
513Edit it to configure your keyboard. 475Edit it to configure your keyboard.
516<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/keymaps"> 478<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/keymaps">
517# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/keymaps</i> 479# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/keymaps</i>
518</pre> 480</pre>
519 481
520<p> 482<p>
521Take special care with the <c>KEYMAP</c> variable. If you select the wrong 483Take special care with the <c>keymap</c> variable. If you select the wrong
522<c>KEYMAP</c>, you will get weird results when typing on your keyboard. 484<c>keymap</c>, you will get weird results when typing on your keyboard.
523</p> 485</p>
524
525<note test="func:keyval('arch')='SPARC'">
526Users of USB-based SPARC systems and SPARC clones might need to select an i386
527keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap".
528</note>
529 486
530<note test="substring(func:keyval('arch'),1,3)='PPC'"> 487<note test="substring(func:keyval('arch'),1,3)='PPC'">
531PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems. Users who want to be able to use ADB 488PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems.
532keymaps on boot have to enable ADB keycode sendings in their kernel and have to
533set a mac/ppc keymap in <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>.
534</note> 489</note>
535 490
536<p> 491<p>
537When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>, save and 492When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>, save and
538exit. 493exit.
539</p> 494</p>
540 495
541<p> 496<p>
542Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path> to set clock options. Edit it 497Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/hwclock</path> to set clock options. Edit it
543according to your needs. 498according to your needs.
544</p> 499</p>
545 500
546<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/clock"> 501<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/hwclock">
547# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/clock</i> 502# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/hwclock</i>
548</pre> 503</pre>
549 504
550<p> 505<p>
551If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c> 506If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>clock="local"</c>
552to the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew. 507to the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew.
553</p> 508</p>
554 509
555<p> 510<p>
556When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path>, save and 511When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/hwclock</path>, save and
557exit. 512exit.
513</p>
514
515</body>
516</subsection>
517
518<subsection>
519<title>Configure locales</title>
520<body>
521
522<p>
523You will probably only use one or maybe two locales on your system. You have to
524specify locales you will need in <path>/etc/locale.gen</path>.
525</p>
526
527<pre caption="Opening /etc/locale.gen">
528# <i>nano -w /etc/locale.gen</i>
529</pre>
530
531<p>
532The following locales are an example to get both English (United States) and
533German (Germany) with the accompanying character formats (like UTF-8).
534</p>
535
536<pre caption="Specify your locales">
537en_US ISO-8859-1
538en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8
539de_DE ISO-8859-1
540de_DE@euro ISO-8859-15
541</pre>
542
543<note>
544You can select your desired locales in the list given by running <c>locale -a</c>.
545</note>
546
547<warn>
548We strongly suggest that you should use at least one UTF-8 locale because some
549applications may require it.
550</warn>
551
552<p>
553The next step is to run <c>locale-gen</c>. It will generates all the locales you
554have specified in the <path>/etc/locale.gen</path> file.
555</p>
556
557<pre caption="Running locale-gen">
558# <i>locale-gen</i>
559</pre>
560
561<p>
562Once done, you now have the possibility to set the system-wide locale settings
563in the <path>/etc/env.d/02locale</path> file:
564</p>
565
566<pre caption="Setting the default system locale in /etc/env.d/02locale">
567LANG="de_DE.UTF-8"
568LC_COLLATE="C"
569</pre>
570
571<p>
572And reload your environment:
573</p>
574
575<pre caption="Reload shell environment">
576# env-update &amp;&amp; source /etc/profile
577</pre>
578
579<p>
580We made a full <uri link="https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/Localization/HOWTO">Localization
581Guide</uri> to help you through this process. You can also read the detailed
582<uri link="https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/UTF-8">UTF-8 article</uri> for very specific
583informations to enable UTF-8 on your system.
558</p> 584</p>
559 585
560<p test="not(func:keyval('arch')='PPC64')"> 586<p test="not(func:keyval('arch')='PPC64')">
561Please continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System 587Please continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System
562Tools</uri>. 588Tools</uri>.

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