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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.120 2013/06/23 14:58:25 swift Exp $ -->
8
1<sections> 9<sections>
2<section>
3<title>Timezone</title>
4<body>
5 10
6<p> 11<abstract>
7You now need to select your timezone so that your system knows where it is 12You need to edit some important configuration files. In this chapter
8located. Look for your timezone in <path>/usr/share/zoneinfo</path>, then make a 13you receive an overview of these files and an explanation on how to
9symlink to <path>/etc/localtime</path> using <c>ln</c>: 14proceed.
10</p> 15</abstract>
11 16
12<pre caption="Setting the timezone information"> 17<version>26</version>
13# <i>ls /usr/share/zoneinfo</i> 18<date>2013-06-23</date>
14<comment>(Suppose you want to use GTM:)</comment>
15# <i>ln -s /usr/share/zoneinfo/GMT /etc/localtime</i>
16</pre>
17 19
18</body>
19</section>
20<section> 20<section>
21<title>Filesystem Information</title> 21<title>Filesystem Information</title>
22<subsection> 22<subsection>
23<title>What is fstab?</title> 23<title>What is fstab?</title>
24<body> 24<body>
25 25
26<p> 26<p>
27Under Linux, all partitions used by the system must be listed in 27Under Linux, all partitions used by the system must be listed in
28<path>/etc/fstab</path>. This file contains the mountpoints of those partitions 28<path>/etc/fstab</path>. This file contains the mount points of those partitions
29(where they are seen in the file system structure), how they should be mounted 29(where they are seen in the file system structure), how they should be mounted
30(special options) and when (automatically or not, can users mount those or not, 30and with what special options (automatically or not, whether users can mount
31etc.). 31them or not, etc.)
32</p> 32</p>
33 33
34</body> 34</body>
35</subsection> 35</subsection>
36<subsection> 36<subsection>
37<title>Creating /etc/fstab</title> 37<title>Creating /etc/fstab</title>
38<body> 38<body>
39 39
40<p> 40<p>
41<path>/etc/fstab</path> uses a special syntaxis. Every line consists of six 41<path>/etc/fstab</path> uses a special syntax. Every line consists of six
42fields, seperated by whitespace (space(s), tabs or a mixture). Each field has 42fields, separated by whitespace (space(s), tabs or a mixture). Each field has
43its own meaning: 43its own meaning:
44</p> 44</p>
45 45
46<ul> 46<ul>
47<li> 47<li>
48 The first field shows the <b>partition</b> described (the path to the device 48 The first field shows the <b>partition</b> described (the path to the device
49 file) 49 file)
50</li> 50</li>
51<li> 51<li>
52 The second field shows the <b>mountpoint</b> at which the partition should be 52 The second field shows the <b>mount point</b> at which the partition should be
53 mounted 53 mounted
54</li> 54</li>
55<li> 55<li>
56 The third field shows the <b>filesystem</b> used by the partition 56 The third field shows the <b>filesystem</b> used by the partition
57</li> 57</li>
58<li> 58<li>
59 The fourth field shows the <b>mountoptions</b> used by <c>mount</c> when it 59 The fourth field shows the <b>mount options</b> used by <c>mount</c> when it
60 wants to mount the partition. As every filesystem has its own mountoptions, 60 wants to mount the partition. As every filesystem has its own mount options,
61 you are encouraged to read the mount manpage (<c>man mount</c>) for a full 61 you are encouraged to read the mount man page (<c>man mount</c>) for a full
62 listing. Multiple mountoptions are comma-seperated. 62 listing. Multiple mount options are comma-separated.
63</li> 63</li>
64<li> 64<li>
65 The fifth field is used by <c>dump</c> to determine if the partition needs to 65 The fifth field is used by <c>dump</c> to determine if the partition needs to
66 be <b>dump</b>ed or not. You can generally leave this as <c>0</c> (zero). 66 be <b>dump</b>ed or not. You can generally leave this as <c>0</c> (zero).
67</li> 67</li>
68<li> 68<li>
69 The sixth field is used by <c>fsck</c> the order in which filesystems should 69 The sixth field is used by <c>fsck</c> to determine the order in which
70 be <b>check</b>ed if the system wasn't shut down properly. The root filesystem 70 filesystems should be <b>check</b>ed if the system wasn't shut down properly.
71 should have <c>1</c> while the rest should have <c>2</c> (or <c>0</c> in case 71 The root filesystem should have <c>1</c> while the rest should have <c>2</c>
72 a filesystem check isn't necessary). 72 (or <c>0</c> if a filesystem check isn't necessary).
73</li> 73</li>
74</ul> 74</ul>
75 75
76<p> 76<impo>
77So start <c>nano</c> (or your favorite editor) to create your 77The default <path>/etc/fstab</path> file provided by Gentoo <e>is not a valid
78<path>/etc/fstab</path>: 78fstab file</e>. You <b>have to create</b> your own <path>/etc/fstab</path>.
79</p> 79</impo>
80 80
81<pre caption="Opening /etc/fstab"> 81<pre caption="Opening /etc/fstab">
82# <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i> 82# <i>nano -w /etc/fstab</i>
83</pre> 83</pre>
84 84
85</body>
86<body test="func:keyval('/boot')">
87
85<p> 88<p>
86Lets take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path> 89Let us take a look at how we write down the options for the <path>/boot</path>
87partition. This is just an example, so if your architecture doesn't require a 90partition. This is just an example, if you didn't or couldn't create a
88<path>/boot</path> partition, don't copy it verbatim. 91<path>/boot</path>, don't copy it.
89</p>
90
91<p> 92</p>
93
94<p>
92In our default x86 partitioning example <path>/boot</path> is the 95In our default <keyval id="arch"/> partitioning example, <path>/boot</path> is
93<path>/dev/hda1</path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as filesystem. It shouldn't 96usually the <path><keyval id="/boot"/></path> partition, with <c>ext2</c> as
94be mounted automatically (<c>noauto</c>) but does need to be checked. So we 97filesystem. It needs to be checked during boot, so we would write down:
95would write down:
96</p> 98</p>
97 99
98<pre caption="An example /boot line for /etc/fstab"> 100<pre caption="An example /boot line for /etc/fstab">
99/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto 1 2 101<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults 0 2
100</pre> 102</pre>
101 103
102<p>
103Now, to improve performance, most users would want to add the <c>noatime</c>
104option as mountoption, which results in a faster system since access times
105aren't registered (you don't need those generally anyway):
106</p> 104<p>
107 105Some users don't want their <path>/boot</path> partition to be mounted
108<pre caption="An improved /boot line for /etc/fstab"> 106automatically to improve their system's security. Those people should
109/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2 107substitute <c>defaults</c> with <c>noauto</c>. This does mean that you need to
110</pre> 108manually mount this partition every time you want to use it.
111
112<p> 109</p>
113If we continue with this, we would end up with the following three lines (for 110
114<path>/boot</path>, <path>/</path> and the swap partition): 111</body>
112<body>
113
115</p> 114<p>
115Add the rules that match your partitioning scheme and append rules for
116your CD-ROM drive(s), and of course, if you have other partitions or drives,
117for those too.
118</p>
116 119
117<pre caption="Three /etc/fstab lines"> 120<p>
118/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2 121Now use the <e>example</e> below to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>:
122</p>
123
124<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='HPPA'">
125<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 0 2
126/dev/sda3 none swap sw 0 0
127/dev/sda4 / ext4 noatime 0 1
128
129/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
130</pre>
131
132<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='Alpha' or func:keyval('arch')='MIPS' or func:keyval('arch')='x86' or func:keyval('arch')='AMD64'">
133<keyval id="/boot"/> /boot ext2 defaults,noatime 0 2
119/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0 134/dev/sda2 none swap sw 0 0
120/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1 135/dev/sda3 / ext4 noatime 0 1
121</pre>
122 136
123<p> 137/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
124To finish up, you should add a rule for <path>/proc</path>, <c>tmpfs</c>
125(required) and for your CD-ROM drive (and ofcourse, if you have other
126partitions or drives, for those too):
127</p> 138</pre>
128 139
129<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example"> 140<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='SPARC'">
130/dev/hda1 /boot ext2 noauto,noatime 1 2 141/dev/sda1 / ext4 noatime 0 1
142/dev/sda2 none swap sw 0 0
143/dev/sda4 /usr ext4 noatime 0 2
144/dev/sda5 /var ext4 noatime 0 2
145/dev/sda6 /home ext4 noatime 0 2
146
147<comment># You must add the rules for openprom</comment>
148openprom /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0
149
150/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
151</pre>
152
153<pre caption="A full /etc/fstab example" test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC' or
154func:keyval('arch')='PPC64'">
155/dev/sda4 / ext4 noatime 0 1
131/dev/hda2 none swap sw 0 0 156/dev/sda3 none swap sw 0 0
132/dev/hda3 / ext3 noatime 0 1
133 157
134none /proc proc defaults 0 0
135none /dev/shm tmpfs defaults 0 0
136
137/dev/cdroms/cdrom0 /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0 158/dev/cdrom /mnt/cdrom auto noauto,user 0 0
138</pre> 159</pre>
139 160
140<p> 161<p>
141<c>auto</c> makes <c>mount</c> guess for the filesystem (recommended for 162<c>auto</c> makes <c>mount</c> guess for the filesystem (recommended for
142removable media as they can be created with one of many filesystems) and 163removable media as they can be created with one of many filesystems) and
143<c>user</c> makes it possible for non-root users to mount the CD. 164<c>user</c> makes it possible for non-root users to mount the CD.
144</p> 165</p>
145 166
146<p> 167<p>
147Now use the above example to create your <path>/etc/fstab</path>. If you are a 168To improve performance, most users would want to add the <c>noatime</c>
148SPARC-user, you should add the following line to your <path>/etc/fstab</path> 169mount option, which results in a faster system since access times
149too: 170aren't registered (you don't need those generally anyway).
150</p>
151
152<pre caption="Adding openprom filesystem to /etc/fstab">
153none /proc/openprom openpromfs defaults 0 0
154</pre>
155
156<p> 171</p>
172
173<p>
157Reread your <path>/etc/fstab</path>, save and quit to continue. 174Double-check your <path>/etc/fstab</path>, save and quit to continue.
158</p> 175</p>
159 176
160</body> 177</body>
161</subsection> 178</subsection>
162</section> 179</section>
163<section> 180<section>
164<title>Networking Information</title> 181<title>Networking Information</title>
165<subsection> 182<subsection>
166<title>Hostname, Domainname etc.</title> 183<title>Host name, Domainname, etc</title>
167<body> 184<body>
168 185
169<p> 186<p>
170One of the choices the user has to make is name his PC. This seems to be quite 187One of the choices the user has to make is name his/her PC. This seems to be
171easy, but <e>lots</e> of users are having difficulties finding the appropriate 188quite easy, but <e>lots</e> of users are having difficulties finding the
172name for their Linux-pc. To speed things up, know that any name you choose can 189appropriate name for their Linux-pc. To speed things up, know that any name you
173be changed afterwards. For all we care, you can just call your system 190choose can be changed afterwards. For all we care, you can just call your system
174<c>tux</c> and domain <c>homenetwork</c>. 191<c>tux</c> and domain <c>homenetwork</c>.
175</p> 192</p>
176 193
177<p>
178We use these values in the next examples. First we set the hostname:
179</p>
180
181<pre caption="Setting the hostname"> 194<pre caption="Setting the host name">
182# <i>echo tux &gt; /etc/hostname</i> 195# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/hostname</i>
183</pre>
184 196
197<comment>(Set the hostname variable to your host name)</comment>
198hostname="<i>tux</i>"
199</pre>
200
185<p> 201<p>
186Second we set the domainname: 202Second, <e>if</e> you need a domainname, set it in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>.
203You only need a domain if your ISP or network administrator says so, or if you
204have a DNS server but not a DHCP server. You don't need to worry about DNS or
205domainnames if your networking is setup for DHCP.
187</p> 206</p>
188 207
189<pre caption="Setting the domainname"> 208<pre caption="Setting the domainname">
190# <i>echo homenetwork &gt; /etc/dnsdomainname</i> 209# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i>
210
211<comment>(Set the dns_domain variable to your domain name)</comment>
212dns_domain_lo="<i>homenetwork</i>"
191</pre> 213</pre>
214
215<note>
216If you choose not to set a domainname, you can get rid of the "This is
217hostname.(none)" messages at your login screen by editing
218<path>/etc/issue</path>. Just delete the string <c>.\O</c> from that file.
219</note>
192 220
193<p> 221<p>
194If you have a NIS domain (if you don't know what that is, then you don't have 222If you have a NIS domain (if you don't know what that is, then you don't have
195one), you need to define that one too: 223one), you need to define that one too:
196</p> 224</p>
197 225
198<pre caption="Setting the NIS domainname"> 226<pre caption="Setting the NIS domainname">
199# <i>echo nis.homenetwork &gt; /etc/nisdomainname</i> 227# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i>
228
229<comment>(Set the nis_domain variable to your NIS domain name)</comment>
230nis_domain_lo="<i>my-nisdomain</i>"
200</pre> 231</pre>
232
233<note>
234For more information on configuring DNS and NIS, please read the examples
235provided in <path>/usr/share/doc/openrc-*/net.example.bz2</path> which
236can be read using <c>bzless</c>. Also, you may want to emerge <c>openresolv</c>
237to help manage your DNS/NIS setup.
238</note>
201 239
202</body> 240</body>
203</subsection> 241</subsection>
204<subsection> 242<subsection>
205<title>Configuring your Network</title> 243<title>Configuring your Network</title>
206<body> 244<body>
207 245
208<p> 246<p>
209Before you get that "Hey, we've had that already"-feeling, you should remember 247Before you get that "Hey, we've had that already"-feeling, you should remember
210that the networking you set up in the beginning of the gentoo installation was 248that the networking you set up in the beginning of the Gentoo installation was
211just for the installation. Right now you are going to configure networking for 249just for the installation. Right now you are going to configure networking for
212your Gentoo system permanently. 250your Gentoo system permanently.
213</p> 251</p>
214 252
253<note>
254More detailed information about networking, including advanced topics like
255bonding, bridging, 802.1Q VLANs or wireless networking is covered in the <uri
256link="?part=4">Gentoo Network Configuration</uri> section.
257</note>
258
215<p> 259<p>
216All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses 260All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses
217a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to setup 261a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up
218networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything :) 262networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything. A fully
219</p> 263commented example that covers many different configurations is available in
220 264<path>/usr/share/doc/openrc-*/net.example.bz2</path>.
221<p> 265</p>
266
267<p>
268DHCP is used by default. For DHCP to work, you will need to install a DHCP
269client. This is described later in <uri
270link="?part=1&amp;chap=9#networking-tools">Installing Necessary System
271Tools</uri>. Do not forget to install a DHCP client.
272</p>
273
274<p>
275If you need to configure your network connection either because you need
276specific DHCP options or because you do not use DHCP at all, open
222First open <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path> with your favorite editor (<c>nano</c> 277<path>/etc/conf.d/net</path> with your favorite editor (<c>nano</c> is used in
223is used in this example): 278this example):
224</p> 279</p>
225 280
226<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/net for editing"> 281<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/net for editing">
227# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i> 282# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i>
228</pre> 283</pre>
229 284
230<p> 285<p>
231The first variable you'll find is <c>iface_eth0</c>. It uses the following 286You will see the following file:
232syntax:
233</p>
234
235<pre caption="iface_eth0 syntaxis">
236iface_eth0="<i>&lt;your ip address&gt;</i> broadcast <i>&lt;your broadcast address&gt;</i> netmask <i>&lt;your netmask&gt;</i>"
237</pre>
238
239<p> 287</p>
240If you use DHCP (automatic IP retrieval), you should just set <c>iface_eth0</c> 288
241to <c>dhcp</c>. However, if you need to setup your network manually and you're 289<pre caption="Default /etc/conf.d/net">
242not familiar with all the above terms, please read the section on <uri 290# This blank configuration will automatically use DHCP for any net.*
243link="?part=1&amp;chap=3#doc_chap4_sect3">Understanding Network 291# scripts in /etc/init.d. To create a more complete configuration,
244Terminology</uri> if you haven't done so already. 292# please review /usr/share/doc/openrc-*/net.example.bz2 and save
293# your configuration in /etc/conf.d/net (this file :]!).
294</pre>
295
245</p> 296<p>
246 297To enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need
298to set both <c>config_eth0</c> and <c>routes_eth0</c>:
247<p> 299</p>
248So lets give two examples; the first one uses DHCP, the second one a static IP 300
249(192.168.0.2) with netmask 255.255.255.0, broadcast 192.168.0.255 and gateway 301<note>
250192.168.0.1: 302This assumes that your network interface will be called eth0. This is, however,
303very system dependent. It is recommended to assume that the interface is named
304the same as the interface name when booted from the installation media <e>if</e>
305the installation media is sufficiently recent. More information can be found in
306<uri link="?part=4&amp;chap=2#doc_chap4">Network Interface Naming</uri>.
307</note>
308
309<pre caption="Manually setting IP information for eth0">
310config_eth0="192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0 brd 192.168.0.255"
311routes_eth0="default via 192.168.0.1"
312</pre>
313
251</p> 314<p>
252 315To use DHCP, define <c>config_eth0</c>:
253<pre caption="Examples for /etc/conf.d/net">
254<comment>(For DHCP:)</comment>
255iface_eth0="dhcp"
256
257<comment>(For static IP:)</comment>
258iface_eth0="192.168.0.2 broadcast 192.168.0.255 netmask 255.255.255.0"
259gateway="eth0/192.168.0.1"
260</pre>
261
262<p> 316</p>
263If you have several network interfaces, create extra <c>iface_eth</c> variables, 317
264like <c>iface_eth1</c>, <c>iface_eth2</c> etc. The <c>gateway</c> variable 318<pre caption="Automatically obtaining an IP address for eth0">
265shouldn't be reproduced as you can only set one gateway per computer. 319config_eth0="dhcp"
320</pre>
321
322<p>
323Please read <path>/usr/share/doc/openrc-*/net.example.bz2</path> for a
324list of all available options. Be sure to also read your DHCP client manpage if
325you need to set specific DHCP options.
326</p>
327
328<p>
329If you have several network interfaces repeat the above steps for
330<c>config_eth1</c>, <c>config_eth2</c>, etc.
266</p> 331</p>
267 332
268<p> 333<p>
269Now save the configuration and exit to continue. 334Now save the configuration and exit to continue.
270</p> 335</p>
274<subsection> 339<subsection>
275<title>Automatically Start Networking at Boot</title> 340<title>Automatically Start Networking at Boot</title>
276<body> 341<body>
277 342
278<p> 343<p>
279To have your network interfaces activated at boot, you need to add those to the 344To have your network interfaces activated at boot, you need to add them to the
280default runlevel. If you have PCMCIA interfaces you should skip this action as 345default runlevel.
281the PCMCIA interfaces are started by the PCMCIA init script.
282</p> 346</p>
283 347
284<pre caption="Adding net.eth0 to the default runlevel"> 348<pre caption="Adding net.eth0 to the default runlevel">
349# <i>cd /etc/init.d</i>
350# <i>ln -s net.lo net.eth0</i>
285# <i>rc-update add net.eth0 default</i> 351# <i>rc-update add net.eth0 default</i>
286</pre> 352</pre>
287 353
288<p> 354<p>
289If you have several network interfaces, you need to create the appropriate 355If you have several network interfaces, you need to create the appropriate
290<path>net.eth1</path>, <path>net.eth2</path> etc. initscripts for those. You can 356<path>net.*</path> files just like you did with <path>net.eth0</path>.
291use <c>ln</c> to do this: 357</p>
358
292</p> 359<p>
293 360If you later find out the assumption about the network interface name (which we
294<pre caption="Creating extra initscripts"> 361currently document as eth0) was wrong, then
295# <i>cd /etc/init.d</i>
296# <i>ln -s net.eth0 net.eth1</i>
297# <i>rc-update add net.eth1 default</i>
298</pre> 362</p>
363
364<ol>
365<li>
366update the <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path> file with the correct interface name (like enp3s0
367instead of eth0),
368</li>
369<li>
370create new symbolic link (like <path>/etc/init.d/net.enp3s0</path>),
371</li>
372<li>
373remove the old symbolic link (<c>rm /etc/init.d/net.eth0</c>),
374</li>
375<li>
376add the new one to the default runlevel, and
377</li>
378<li>
379remove the old one using <c>rc-update del net.eth0 default</c>.
380</li>
381</ol>
299 382
300</body> 383</body>
301</subsection> 384</subsection>
302<subsection> 385<subsection>
303<title>Writing Down Network Information</title> 386<title>Writing Down Network Information</title>
304<body> 387<body>
305 388
306<p> 389<p>
307You now need to inform Linux about your network. This is defined in 390You now need to inform Linux about your network. This is defined in
308<path>/etc/hosts</path> and helps in resolving hostnames to IP addresses 391<path>/etc/hosts</path> and helps in resolving host names to IP addresses for
309for hosts that aren't resolved by your nameserver. For instance, if your 392hosts that aren't resolved by your nameserver. You need to define your system.
310internal network consists of three PCs called <c>jenny</c> (192.168.0.5), 393You may also want to define other systems on your network if you don't want to
311<c>benny</c> (192.168.0.6) and <c>tux</c> (this system) you would 394set up your own internal DNS system.
312open <path>/etc/hosts</path> and fill in the values:
313</p> 395</p>
314 396
315<pre caption="Opening /etc/hosts"> 397<pre caption="Opening /etc/hosts">
316# <i>nano -w /etc/hosts</i> 398# <i>nano -w /etc/hosts</i>
317</pre> 399</pre>
318 400
319<pre caption="Filling in the networking information"> 401<pre caption="Filling in the networking information">
320127.0.0.1 localhost tux 402<comment>(This defines the current system)</comment>
321192.168.0.5 jenny 403127.0.0.1 tux.homenetwork tux localhost
322192.168.0.56 benny
323</pre>
324 404
325<p> 405<comment>(Define extra systems on your network,
326If your system is the only system (or the nameservers handle all name 406they need to have a static IP to be defined this way.)</comment>
327resolution) a single line is sufficient: 407192.168.0.5 jenny.homenetwork jenny
328</p> 408192.168.0.6 benny.homenetwork benny
329
330<pre caption="/etc/hosts for lonely or fully integrated PCs">
331127.0.0.1 localhost tux
332</pre> 409</pre>
333 410
334<p> 411<p>
335Save and exit the editor to continue. 412Save and exit the editor to continue.
336</p> 413</p>
337 414
338<p> 415<p test="func:keyval('arch')='AMD64' or func:keyval('arch')='x86' or substring(func:keyval('arch'),1,3)='PPC'">
339If you don't have PCMCIA, you can now continue with <uri 416If you don't have PCMCIA, you can now continue with <uri
340link="#doc_chap4">System Information</uri>. PCMCIA-users should read the 417link="#sysinfo">System Information</uri>. PCMCIA-users should read the
341following topic on PCMCIA. 418following topic on PCMCIA.
342</p> 419</p>
343 420
344</body> 421</body>
345</subsection> 422</subsection>
346<subsection> 423<subsection test="func:keyval('arch')='AMD64' or func:keyval('arch')='x86' or substring(func:keyval('arch'),1,3)='PPC'">
347<title>Optional: Get PCMCIA Working</title> 424<title>Optional: Get PCMCIA Working</title>
348<body> 425<body>
349 426
350<p> 427<p>
351PCMCIA-users should first install the <c>pcmcia-cs</c> package: 428PCMCIA users should first install the <c>pcmciautils</c> package.
352</p> 429</p>
353 430
354<pre caption="Installing pcmcia-cs"> 431<pre caption="Installing pcmciautils">
355# <i>emerge -k pcmcia-cs</i> 432# <i>emerge pcmciautils</i>
356</pre>
357
358<p>
359When <c>pcmcia-cs</c> is installed, add <c>pcmcia</c> to the <e>boot</e>
360runlevel:
361</p>
362
363<pre caption="Adding pcmcia to the default runlevel">
364# <i>rc-update add pcmcia boot</i>
365</pre> 433</pre>
366 434
367</body> 435</body>
368</subsection> 436</subsection>
369</section> 437</section>
370<section> 438
439<section id="sysinfo">
371<title>System Information</title> 440<title>System Information</title>
441<subsection>
442<title>Root Password</title>
443<body>
444
445<p>
446First we set the root password by typing:
447</p>
448
449<pre caption="Setting the root password">
450# <i>passwd</i>
451</pre>
452
372<body> 453</body>
454</subsection>
455<subsection>
456<title>System Information</title>
457<body>
373 458
374<p>
375Gentoo uses <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> for general, system-wide configuration.
376Open up <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> and enjoy all the comments in that file :)
377</p> 459<p>
460Gentoo uses <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> to configure the services, startup,
461and shutdown of your system. Open up <path>/etc/rc.conf</path> and enjoy all
462the comments in the file.
463</p>
378 464
379<pre caption="Opening /etc/rc.conf"> 465<pre caption="Configuring services">
380# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i> 466# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i>
381</pre> 467</pre>
382 468
383<p> 469<p>
384As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary 470When you're finished configuring these two files, save them and exit.
385configuration variables. When you're finished configuring 471</p>
386<path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit to continue. 472
387</p> 473<p>
474Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path> to handle keyboard configuration.
475Edit it to configure your keyboard.
476</p>
388 477
478<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/keymaps">
479# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/keymaps</i>
480</pre>
481
482<p>
483Take special care with the <c>keymap</c> variable. If you select the wrong
484<c>keymap</c>, you will get weird results when typing on your keyboard.
485</p>
486
487<note test="substring(func:keyval('arch'),1,3)='PPC'">
488PPC uses x86 keymaps on most systems.
489</note>
490
491<p>
492When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>, save and
493exit.
494</p>
495
496<p>
497Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/hwclock</path> to set clock options. Edit it
498according to your needs.
499</p>
500
501<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/hwclock">
502# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/hwclock</i>
503</pre>
504
505<p>
506If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>clock="local"</c>
507to the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew.
508</p>
509
510<p>
511When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/hwclock</path>, save and
512exit.
513</p>
514
515</body>
516</subsection>
517
518<subsection>
519<title>Configure locales</title>
389</body> 520<body>
521
522<p>
523You will probably only use one or maybe two locales on your system. You have to
524specify locales you will need in <path>/etc/locale.gen</path>.
525</p>
526
527<pre caption="Opening /etc/locale.gen">
528# <i>nano -w /etc/locale.gen</i>
529</pre>
530
531<p>
532The following locales are an example to get both English (United States) and
533German (Germany) with the accompanying character formats (like UTF-8).
534</p>
535
536<pre caption="Specify your locales">
537en_US ISO-8859-1
538en_US.UTF-8 UTF-8
539de_DE ISO-8859-1
540de_DE@euro ISO-8859-15
541</pre>
542
543<note>
544You can select your desired locales in the list given by running <c>locale -a</c>.
545</note>
546
547<warn>
548We strongly suggest that you should use at least one UTF-8 locale because some
549applications may require it.
550</warn>
551
552<p>
553The next step is to run <c>locale-gen</c>. It will generates all the locales you
554have specified in the <path>/etc/locale.gen</path> file.
555</p>
556
557<pre caption="Running locale-gen">
558# <i>locale-gen</i>
559</pre>
560
561<p>
562Once done, you now have the possibility to set the system-wide locale settings
563in the <path>/etc/env.d/02locale</path> file:
564</p>
565
566<pre caption="Setting the default system locale in /etc/env.d/02locale">
567LANG="de_DE.UTF-8"
568LC_COLLATE="C"
569</pre>
570
571<p>
572And reload your environment:
573</p>
574
575<pre caption="Reload shell environment">
576# env-update &amp;&amp; source /etc/profile
577</pre>
578
579<p>
580We made a full <uri link="../guide-localization.xml#doc_chap3">Localization
581Guide</uri> to help you through this process. You can also read our detailed
582<uri link="../utf-8.xml#doc_chap2">UTF-8 Guide</uri> for very specific
583informations to enable UTF-8 on your system.
584</p>
585
586<p test="not(func:keyval('arch')='PPC64')">
587Please continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System
588Tools</uri>.
589</p>
590
591</body>
592</subsection>
593<subsection test="func:keyval('arch')='PPC64'">
594<title>Configuring the Console</title>
595<body>
596
597<p>
598If you are using a virtual console, you must uncomment the appropriate line in
599<path>/etc/inittab</path> for the virtual console to spawn a login prompt.
600</p>
601
602<pre caption="Enabling hvc or hvsi support in /etc/inittab">
603hvc0:12345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -L 9600 hvc0
604hvsi:12345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -L 19200 hvsi0
605</pre>
606
607<p>
608You should also take this time to verify that the appropriate console is
609listed in <path>/etc/securetty</path>.
610</p>
611
612<p>
613You may now continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary
614System Tools</uri>.
615</p>
616
617</body>
618</subsection>
390</section> 619</section>
391</sections> 620</sections>

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