/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml
Gentoo

Diff of /xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml

Parent Directory Parent Directory | Revision Log Revision Log | View Patch Patch

Revision 1.59 Revision 1.65
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.59 2005/04/21 13:27:19 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.65 2005/06/11 19:45:37 fox2mike Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>2.2</version> 11<version>2.7</version>
12<date>2005-04-20</date> 12<date>2005-06-11</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Filesystem Information</title> 15<title>Filesystem Information</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>What is fstab?</title> 17<title>What is fstab?</title>
220that the networking you set up in the beginning of the gentoo installation was 220that the networking you set up in the beginning of the gentoo installation was
221just for the installation. Right now you are going to configure networking for 221just for the installation. Right now you are going to configure networking for
222your Gentoo system permanently. 222your Gentoo system permanently.
223</p> 223</p>
224 224
225<note>
226More detailed information about networking, including advanced topics like
227bonding, bridging, 802.11q VLANs or wireless networking is covered in the <uri
228link="?part=4">Gentoo Network Configuration</uri> section.
229</note>
230
225<p> 231<p>
226All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses 232All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses
227a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up 233a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up
228networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything :) 234networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything :)
229</p> 235</p>
235 241
236<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/net for editing"> 242<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/net for editing">
237# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i> 243# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i>
238</pre> 244</pre>
239 245
240<!-- Old baselayout - current stable -->
241
242<p>
243The first variable you'll find is <c>iface_eth0</c>. It uses the following
244syntax:
245</p>
246
247<pre caption="iface_eth0 syntaxis">
248iface_eth0="<i>&lt;your ip address&gt;</i> broadcast <i>&lt;your broadcast address&gt;</i> netmask <i>&lt;your netmask&gt;</i>"
249</pre>
250
251<p>
252If you use DHCP (automatic IP retrieval), you should just set <c>iface_eth0</c>
253to <c>dhcp</c>. If you use rp-pppoe (e.g. for ADSL), set it to <c>up</c>.
254If you need to set up your network manually and you're
255not familiar with all the above terms, please read the section on <uri
256link="?part=1&amp;chap=3#network_term">Understanding Network
257Terminology</uri> if you haven't done so already.
258</p>
259
260<p>
261So let us give three examples; the first one uses DHCP, the second one a static
262IP (192.168.0.2) with netmask 255.255.255.0, broadcast 192.168.0.255 and
263gateway 192.168.0.1 while the third one just activates the interface for
264rp-pppoe usage:
265</p>
266
267<pre caption="Examples for /etc/conf.d/net">
268<comment>(For DHCP)</comment>
269iface_eth0="dhcp"
270<comment># Some network admins require that you use the</comment>
271<comment># hostname and domainname provided by the DHCP server.</comment>
272<comment># In that case, add the following to let dhcpcd use them.</comment>
273<comment># That will override your own hostname and domainname definitions.</comment>
274dhcpcd_eth0="-HD"
275<comment># If you intend on using NTP to keep your machine clock synchronized, use</comment>
276<comment># the -N option to prevent dhcpcd from overwriting your /etc/ntp.conf file</comment>
277dhcpcd_eth0="-N"
278
279<comment>(For static IP)</comment>
280iface_eth0="192.168.0.2 broadcast 192.168.0.255 netmask 255.255.255.0"
281gateway="eth0/192.168.0.1"
282
283<comment>(For rp-pppoe)</comment>
284iface_eth0="up"
285</pre>
286
287<p>
288If you have several network interfaces, create extra <c>iface_eth</c> variables,
289like <c>iface_eth1</c>, <c>iface_eth2</c> etc. The <c>gateway</c> variable
290shouldn't be reproduced as you can only set one gateway per computer.
291</p>
292
293<!-- New baselayout - current testing
294
295<p> 246<p>
296The first variable you'll find is called <c>config_eth0</c>. As you can probably 247The first variable you'll find is called <c>config_eth0</c>. As you can probably
297imagine, this variable configured the eth0 network interface. If the interface 248imagine, this variable configured the eth0 network interface. If the interface
298needs to automatically obtain an IP through DHCP, you should set it like so: 249needs to automatically obtain an IP address through DHCP, you should set it
250like so:
299</p> 251</p>
300 252
301<pre caption="Automatically obtaining an IP for eth0"> 253<pre caption="Automatically obtaining an IP address for eth0">
302config_eth0=( "dhcp" ) 254config_eth0=( "dhcp" )
303</pre> 255</pre>
304 256
305<p> 257<p>
306However, if you have to enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need 258However, if you have to enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need
314 266
315<p> 267<p>
316If you have several network interfaces repeat the above steps for 268If you have several network interfaces repeat the above steps for
317<c>config_eth1</c>, <c>config_eth2</c>, etc. 269<c>config_eth1</c>, <c>config_eth2</c>, etc.
318</p> 270</p>
319
320-->
321 271
322<p> 272<p>
323Now save the configuration and exit to continue. 273Now save the configuration and exit to continue.
324</p> 274</p>
325 275
485ADB keymaps on boot have to enable ADB keycode sendings in their kernel and have 435ADB keymaps on boot have to enable ADB keycode sendings in their kernel and have
486to set a mac/ppc keymap in <path>rc.conf</path>. 436to set a mac/ppc keymap in <path>rc.conf</path>.
487</p> 437</p>
488 438
489<p> 439<p>
440If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c> to
441the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew.
442</p>
443
444<p>
490When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit. 445When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit.
491</p> 446</p>
492 447
493<p> 448<p>
494If you are not installing Gentoo on an IBM POWER5 or JS20 system, continue with 449If you are not installing Gentoo on an IBM POWER5 or JS20 system, continue with
504<note> 459<note>
505The following section applies to the IBM POWER5 and JS20 hardware platforms. 460The following section applies to the IBM POWER5 and JS20 hardware platforms.
506</note> 461</note>
507 462
508<p> 463<p>
509If you are running gentoo in an LPAR or on a JS20 blade, you must uncomment 464If you are running Gentoo in an LPAR or on a JS20 blade, you must uncomment
510the hvc line in /etc/inittab for the virtual console to spawn a login prompt. 465the hvc line in /etc/inittab for the virtual console to spawn a login prompt.
511</p> 466</p>
512 467
513<pre caption="Enabling hvc support in /etc/inittab"> 468<pre caption="Enabling hvc support in /etc/inittab">
514hvc:12345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -nl /bin/bashlogin 9600 hvc0 vt220 469hvc:12345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -nl /bin/bashlogin 9600 hvc0 vt220

Legend:
Removed from v.1.59  
changed lines
  Added in v.1.65

  ViewVC Help
Powered by ViewVC 1.1.20