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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.65 2005/06/11 19:45:37 fox2mike Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-config.xml,v 1.72 2005/08/15 09:00:27 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>2.7</version> 11<version>2.13</version>
12<date>2005-06-11</date> 12<date>2005-08-15</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Filesystem Information</title> 15<title>Filesystem Information</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>What is fstab?</title> 17<title>What is fstab?</title>
179<p> 179<p>
180We use these values in the next examples. First we set the hostname: 180We use these values in the next examples. First we set the hostname:
181</p> 181</p>
182 182
183<pre caption="Setting the hostname"> 183<pre caption="Setting the hostname">
184# <i>echo tux &gt; /etc/hostname</i> 184# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/hostname</i>
185
186<comment>(Set the HOSTNAME variable to your hostname)</comment>
187HOSTNAME="<i>tux</i>"
185</pre> 188</pre>
186 189
187<p> 190<p>
188Second we set the domainname: 191Second we set the domainname:
189</p> 192</p>
190 193
191<pre caption="Setting the domainname"> 194<pre caption="Setting the domainname">
192# <i>echo homenetwork &gt; /etc/dnsdomainname</i> 195# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/domainname</i>
196
197<comment>(Set the DNSDOMAIN variable to your domain name)</comment>
198DNSDOMAIN="<i>homenetwork</i>"
193</pre> 199</pre>
194 200
195<p> 201<p>
196If you have a NIS domain (if you don't know what that is, then you don't have 202If you have a NIS domain (if you don't know what that is, then you don't have
197one), you need to define that one too: 203one), you need to define that one too:
198</p> 204</p>
199 205
200<pre caption="Setting the NIS domainname"> 206<pre caption="Setting the NIS domainname">
201# <i>echo nis.homenetwork &gt; /etc/nisdomainname</i> 207# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/domainname</i>
208
209<comment>(Set the NISDOMAIN variable to your NIS domain name)</comment>
210NISDOMAIN="<i>my-nisdomain</i>"
202</pre> 211</pre>
203 212
204<p> 213<p>
205Now add the <c>domainname</c> script to the default runlevel: 214Now add the <c>domainname</c> script to the default runlevel:
206</p> 215</p>
215<title>Configuring your Network</title> 224<title>Configuring your Network</title>
216<body> 225<body>
217 226
218<p> 227<p>
219Before you get that "Hey, we've had that already"-feeling, you should remember 228Before you get that "Hey, we've had that already"-feeling, you should remember
220that the networking you set up in the beginning of the gentoo installation was 229that the networking you set up in the beginning of the Gentoo installation was
221just for the installation. Right now you are going to configure networking for 230just for the installation. Right now you are going to configure networking for
222your Gentoo system permanently. 231your Gentoo system permanently.
223</p> 232</p>
224 233
225<note> 234<note>
226More detailed information about networking, including advanced topics like 235More detailed information about networking, including advanced topics like
227bonding, bridging, 802.11q VLANs or wireless networking is covered in the <uri 236bonding, bridging, 802.1Q VLANs or wireless networking is covered in the <uri
228link="?part=4">Gentoo Network Configuration</uri> section. 237link="?part=4">Gentoo Network Configuration</uri> section.
229</note> 238</note>
230 239
231<p> 240<p>
232All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses 241All networking information is gathered in <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path>. It uses
233a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up 242a straightforward yet not intuitive syntax if you don't know how to set up
234networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything :) 243networking manually. But don't fear, we'll explain everything. A fully
235</p> 244commented example that covers many different configurations is available in
236 245<path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path>.
237<p> 246</p>
247
248<p>
249DHCP is used by default and does not require any further configuration.
250</p>
251
252<p>
253If you need to configure your network connection either because you need
254specific DHCP options or because you do not use DHCP at all, open
238First open <path>/etc/conf.d/net</path> with your favorite editor (<c>nano</c> 255<path>/etc/conf.d/net</path> with your favorite editor (<c>nano</c> is used in
239is used in this example): 256this example):
240</p> 257</p>
241 258
242<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/net for editing"> 259<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/net for editing">
243# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i> 260# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/net</i>
244</pre> 261</pre>
245 262
246<p> 263<p>
247The first variable you'll find is called <c>config_eth0</c>. As you can probably 264You will see the following file:
248imagine, this variable configured the eth0 network interface. If the interface
249needs to automatically obtain an IP address through DHCP, you should set it
250like so:
251</p>
252
253<pre caption="Automatically obtaining an IP address for eth0">
254config_eth0=( "dhcp" )
255</pre>
256
257<p> 265</p>
266
267<pre caption="Default /etc/conf.d/net">
268# This blank configuration will automatically use DHCP for any net.*
269# scripts in /etc/init.d. To create a more complete configuration,
270# please review /etc/conf.d/net.example and save your configuration
271# in /etc/conf.d/net (this file :]!).
272</pre>
273
274<p>
258However, if you have to enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need 275To enter your own IP address, netmask and gateway, you need
259to set both <c>config_eth0</c> and <c>routes_eth0</c>: 276to set both <c>config_eth0</c> and <c>routes_eth0</c>:
260</p> 277</p>
261 278
262<pre caption="Manually setting IP information for eth0"> 279<pre caption="Manually setting IP information for eth0">
263config_eth0=( "192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0" ) 280config_eth0=( "192.168.0.2 netmask 255.255.255.0" )
264routes_eth0=( "default gw 192.168.0.1" ) 281routes_eth0=( "default gw 192.168.0.1" )
265</pre> 282</pre>
283
284<p>
285To use DHCP and add specific DHCP options, define <c>config_eth0</c> and
286<c>dhcp_eth0</c>:
287</p>
288
289<pre caption="Automatically obtaining an IP address for eth0">
290config_eth0=( "dhcp" )
291dhcp_eth0="nodns nontp nonis"
292</pre>
293
294<p>
295Please read <path>/etc/conf.d/net.example</path> for a list of all available
296options.
297</p>
266 298
267<p> 299<p>
268If you have several network interfaces repeat the above steps for 300If you have several network interfaces repeat the above steps for
269<c>config_eth1</c>, <c>config_eth2</c>, etc. 301<c>config_eth1</c>, <c>config_eth2</c>, etc.
270</p> 302</p>
417<pre caption="Opening /etc/rc.conf"> 449<pre caption="Opening /etc/rc.conf">
418# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i> 450# <i>nano -w /etc/rc.conf</i>
419</pre> 451</pre>
420 452
421<p> 453<p>
454When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit.
455</p>
456
457<p>
422As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary 458As you can see, this file is well commented to help you set up the necessary
423configuration variables. Take special care with the <c>KEYMAP</c> setting: if 459configuration variables. You can configure your system to use unicode and
424you select the wrong <c>KEYMAP</c> you will get weird results when typing on 460define your default editor and your display manager (like gdm or kdm).
425your keyboard. 461</p>
462
463<p>
464Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path> to handle keyboard configuration.
465Edit it to configure your keyboard.
466</p>
467
468<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/keymaps">
469# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/keymaps</i>
470</pre>
471
472<p>
473Take special care with the <c>KEYMAP</c> variable. If you select the wrong
474<c>KEYMAP</c>, you will get weird results when typing on your keyboard.
426</p> 475</p>
427 476
428<note> 477<note>
429Users of USB-based <b>SPARC</b> systems and <b>SPARC</b> clones might need to 478Users of USB-based <b>SPARC</b> systems and <b>SPARC</b> clones might need to
430select an i386 keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap". 479select an i386 keymap (such as "us") instead of "sunkeymap". <b>PPC</b> uses x86
480keymaps on most systems. Users who want to be able to use ADB keymaps on boot
481have to enable ADB keycode sendings in their kernel and have to set a mac/ppc
482keymap in <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>.
431</note> 483</note>
432 484
433<p> 485<p>
434<b>PPC</b> uses x86 keymaps on most systems. Users who want to be able to use 486When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/keymaps</path>, save and
435ADB keymaps on boot have to enable ADB keycode sendings in their kernel and have 487exit.
436to set a mac/ppc keymap in <path>rc.conf</path>. 488</p>
489
437</p> 490<p>
491Gentoo uses <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path> to set clock options. Edit it
492according to your needs.
493</p>
494
495<pre caption="Opening /etc/conf.d/clock">
496# <i>nano -w /etc/conf.d/clock</i>
497</pre>
438 498
439<p> 499<p>
440If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c> to 500If your hardware clock is not using UTC, you need to add <c>CLOCK="local"</c> to
441the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew. 501the file. Otherwise you will notice some clock skew.
442</p> 502</p>
443 503
444<p> 504<p>
445When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>, save and exit. 505When you're finished configuring <path>/etc/conf.d/clock</path>, save and
446</p> 506exit.
447
448<p> 507</p>
508
509<p>
449If you are not installing Gentoo on an IBM POWER5 or JS20 system, continue with 510If you are not installing Gentoo on IBM PPC64 hardware, continue with
450<uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System Tools</uri>. 511<uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary System Tools</uri>.
451</p> 512</p>
452 513
453</body> 514</body>
454</subsection> 515</subsection>
455<subsection> 516<subsection>
456<title>Configuring the Console</title> 517<title>Configuring the Console</title>
457<body> 518<body>
458 519
459<note> 520<note>
460The following section applies to the IBM POWER5 and JS20 hardware platforms. 521The following section applies to the IBM PPC64 hardware platforms.
461</note> 522</note>
462 523
463<p> 524<p>
464If you are running Gentoo in an LPAR or on a JS20 blade, you must uncomment 525If you are running Gentoo on IBM PPC64 hardware and using a virtual console
465the hvc line in /etc/inittab for the virtual console to spawn a login prompt. 526you must uncomment the appropriate line in <path>/etc/inittab</path> for the
527virtual console to spawn a login prompt.
466</p> 528</p>
467 529
468<pre caption="Enabling hvc support in /etc/inittab"> 530<pre caption="Enabling hvc or hvsi support in /etc/inittab">
469hvc:12345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -nl /bin/bashlogin 9600 hvc0 vt220 531hvc0:12345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -L 9600 hvc0
532hvsi:12345:respawn:/sbin/agetty -L 19200 hvsi0
533</pre>
534
535<p>
536You should also take this time to verify that the appropriate console is
537listed in <path>/etc/securetty</path>.
470</pre> 538</p>
471 539
472<p> 540<p>
473You may now continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary 541You may now continue with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=9">Installing Necessary
474System Tools</uri>. 542System Tools</uri>.
475</p> 543</p>

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