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Revision 1.18 - (show annotations) (download) (as text)
Tue Feb 24 18:56:50 2004 UTC (12 years, 5 months ago) by swift
Branch: MAIN
Changes since 1.17: +3 -5 lines
File MIME type: application/xml
#42719 - Remove etc-update command; it isnt needed for a succesful installation and the user should really read up on etc-update later on

1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2 <!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3
4 <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5 <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 -->
6
7 <!-- $Header: /home/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-finalise.xml,v 1.17 2004/02/12 07:50:50 swift Exp $ -->
8
9 <sections>
10 <section>
11 <title>User Administration</title>
12 <subsection>
13 <title>Setting a root Password</title>
14 <body>
15
16 <p>
17 Before you forget, set the root password by typing:
18 </p>
19
20 <pre caption="Setting the root password">
21 # <i>passwd</i>
22 </pre>
23
24 <p>
25 If you want root to be able to log on through the serial console, add
26 <c>ttyS0</c> to <path>/etc/securetty</path>.
27 </p>
28
29 <pre caption="Adding ttyS0 to /etc/securetty">
30 # <i>echo "ttyS0" &gt;&gt; /etc/securetty</i>
31 </pre>
32
33 </body>
34 </subsection>
35 <subsection>
36 <title>Adding a User for Daily Use</title>
37 <body>
38
39 <p>
40 Working as root on a Unix/Linux system is <e>dangerous</e> and should be avoided
41 as much as possible. Therefore it is <e>strongly</e> recommended to add a user
42 for day-to-day use.
43 </p>
44
45 <p>
46 For instance, to create a user called <c>john</c> who is member of the
47 <c>wheel</c> group (be able to change to root using <c>su</c>), <c>users</c>
48 group (default for all users) and <c>audio</c> group (be able to use audio
49 devices):
50 </p>
51
52 <pre caption="Adding a user for day-to-day use">
53 # <i>useradd john -m -G users,wheel,audio -s /bin/bash</i>
54 # <i>passwd john</i>
55 Password: <comment>(Enter the password for john)</comment>
56 Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter the password to verify)</comment>
57 </pre>
58
59 <p>
60 If this user ever needs to perform some task as root, he can use <c>su -</c> to
61 temporarily receive root privileges. Another way is to use the <c>sudo</c>
62 package which is, if correctly configured, very secure.
63 </p>
64
65 </body>
66 </subsection>
67 </section>
68 <section>
69 <title>Reboot and Enjoy</title>
70 <subsection>
71 <title>Rebooting</title>
72 <body>
73
74 <p>
75 Congratulations! Your Gentoo system is now ready. Exit the chrooted environment
76 and unmount all mounted partitions and, in case you had to bind-mount
77 <path>/mnt/gentoo/dev</path>, don't forget to unmount it too. Then type in that
78 one magical command you have been waiting for: <c>reboot</c>.
79 </p>
80
81 <pre caption="Rebooting the system">
82 # <i>exit</i>
83 # <i>cd /</i>
84 # <i>umount /mnt/gentoo/boot /mnt/gentoo/proc /mnt/gentoo</i>
85 # <i>reboot</i>
86 </pre>
87
88 <p>
89 Of course, don't forget to remove the bootable CD, otherwise the CD will be
90 booted again instead of your new Gentoo system.
91 </p>
92
93 <p>
94 OldWorld PPC users will boot in MacOS since their bootloader
95 isn't installed yet. Those users should read <uri
96 link="#doc_chap2_sect2">Optional: Configuring BootX</uri>. MIPS users will have
97 to do some more tweaking in their MIPS PROM to get Gentoo to work. Those users
98 should read <uri link="#doc_chap2_sect3">Optional: Getting Gentoo/MIPS to
99 Work</uri>. GRP users can continue with <uri link="#doc_chap2_sect4">Optional:
100 Install Extra Packages</uri>, all the rest can finish up with <uri
101 link="?part=1&amp;chap=12">Where to go from here?</uri>.
102 </p>
103
104 </body>
105 </subsection>
106 <subsection>
107 <title>Optional: Configuring BootX</title>
108 <body>
109
110 <impo>
111 This subsection is <e>only</e> for PPC-users who want to use BootX as
112 bootloader. All other readers should skip this subsection.
113 </impo>
114
115 <p>
116 Now your machine is booted in MacOS, open the BootX control panel.
117 Select <c>Options</c>, and uncheck <c>Used specified RAM disk</c>. When you
118 return to the BootX main screen, you will now find an option to specify your
119 machine's root disk and partition. Fill these in with the appropriate
120 values.
121 </p>
122
123 <p>
124 BootX can be configured to start Linux upon boot. If you do this, you will
125 first see your machine boot into MacOS then, during startup, BootX will
126 load and start Linux. See the <uri
127 link="http://penguinppc.org/projects/bootx/">BootX home page</uri> for more
128 information.
129 </p>
130
131 <p>
132 If you are a GRP users you can continue with <uri
133 link="#doc_chap2_sect4">Optional: Install Extra Packages</uri>, otherwise go to
134 <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=12">Where to go from here?</uri>.
135 </p>
136
137 </body>
138 </subsection>
139 <subsection>
140 <title>Optional: Getting Gentoo/MIPS to Work</title>
141 <body>
142
143 <p>
144 When you are rebooted, go to the <e>System Maintenance Menu</e> and select
145 <e>Enter Command Monitor</e> (<c>5</c>). If you want to test your new Gentoo
146 installation, you can just run <c>boot -f &lt;kernel name&gt;</c>. To have your
147 system permanently boot into the Gentoo installation, you need to set some
148 variables in the MIPS PROM:
149 </p>
150
151 <pre caption="Configuring the PROM to Boot Gentoo">
152 1) Start System
153 2) Install System Software
154 3) Run Diagnostics
155 4) Recover System
156 5) Enter Command Monitor
157
158 Option? <i>5</i>
159 Command Monitor. Type "exit" to return to the menu.
160
161 <comment>(&lt;root device&gt; = Gentoo's root partition, e.g. /dev/sda3)</comment>
162 &gt;&gt; <i>setenv OSLoadPartition &lt;root device&gt;</i>
163
164 <comment>(To list the available kernels, type "ls")</comment>
165 &gt;&gt; <i>setenv OSLoader &lt;kernel name&gt;</i>
166 &gt;&gt; <i>setenv OSLoadFilename &lt;kernel name&gt;</i>
167
168 <comment>(Declare the kernel parameters you want to pass)</comment>
169 &gt;&gt; <i>setenv OSLoadOptions &lt;kernel parameters&gt;</i>
170
171 <comment>(Provide the location of the Volume Header)</comment>
172 &gt;&gt; <i>setenv SystemPartition scsi(0)disk(1)rdisk(0)partition(8)</i>
173
174 <comment>(Automatically boot Gentoo)</comment>
175 &gt;&gt; <i>setenv AutoLoad Yes</i>
176
177 <comment>(Set the timezone)</comment>
178 &gt;&gt; <i>setenv TimeZone EST5EDT</i>
179
180 <comment>(Use the serial console - graphic adapter users should have "g" instead of "d1" (one))</comment>
181 &gt;&gt; <i>setenv console d1</i>
182 </pre>
183
184 <p>
185 Now you're ready to enjoy Gentoo!
186 </p>
187
188 </body>
189 </subsection>
190 <subsection>
191 <title>Optional: Install Extra Packages</title>
192 <body>
193
194 <impo>
195 This part is for GRP users only. Other users should skip this part and continue
196 with <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=12">Where to go from here?</uri>.
197 </impo>
198
199 <p>
200 Now that your system is booted, log on as the user you created (for instance,
201 <c>john</c>) and use <c>su -</c> to gain root privileges:
202 </p>
203
204 <pre caption="Gaining root privileges">
205 $ <i>su -</i>
206 Password: <comment>(Enter your root password)</comment>
207 </pre>
208
209 <p>
210 Now we need to copy over the prebuilt binaries from the second CD (CD-2) if you
211 have it. First mount this CD:
212 </p>
213
214 <pre caption="Mount the CD-2">
215 # <i>mkdir /mnt/cdrom</i>
216 <comment>(Put CD-2 in the CD tray)</comment>
217 # <i>mount /mnt/cdrom</i>
218 </pre>
219
220 <p>
221 Now copy over all prebuilt binaries from the CD to
222 <path>/usr/portage/packages</path>. Make sure you use the same copy-command!
223 </p>
224
225 <pre caption="Copy over prebuilt binaries">
226 # <i>cp /mnt/cdrom/packages/All/* /usr/portage/packages/All/</i>
227 </pre>
228
229 <p>
230 Now install the packages you want. CD-2 contains several prebuilt binaries, for
231 instance KDE:
232 </p>
233
234 <pre caption="Installing KDE">
235 # <i>emerge --usepkg kde</i>
236 </pre>
237
238 <p>
239 Be sure to install the binaries now. When you do an <c>emerge sync</c> to update
240 Portage (as you will learn later), the prebuilt binaries might not match against
241 the ebuilds in your updated Portage. You can try to circumvent this by using
242 <c>emerge --usepkgonly</c> instead of <c>emerge --usepkg</c>.
243 </p>
244
245 <p>
246 Congratulations, your system is now fully equiped! Continue with <uri
247 link="?part=1&amp;chap=12">Where to go from here?</uri> to learn more about
248 Gentoo.
249 </p>
250
251 </body>
252 </subsection>
253 </section>
254 </sections>

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