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1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2 <!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
4 <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5 <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
7 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-ia64-medium.xml,v 1.10 2011/11/27 18:17:23 swift Exp $ -->
9 <sections>
11 <version>10</version>
12 <date>2012-02-26</date>
14 <section>
15 <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16 <subsection>
17 <title>Introduction</title>
18 <body>
20 <p>
21 Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
22 successfully install Gentoo on your box.
23 </p>
25 </body>
26 </subsection>
27 <subsection>
28 <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
29 <body>
31 <p>
32 Pretty much every IA64 should be able to boot Gentoo. At the moment we only
33 have LiveCDs, so your machine must have a CDROM drive installed.
34 </p>
36 </body>
37 </subsection>
38 </section>
40 <section>
41 <title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
42 <subsection>
43 <title>Introduction</title>
44 <body>
46 <p>
47 The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
48 self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
49 During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
50 are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
51 </p>
53 <p>
54 All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
55 partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet.
56 </p>
57 <!--
58 <impo>
59 If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, or would
60 like to use one of the provided installers, please use the installation
61 instructions described in the <uri link="2008.0/">Gentoo 2008.0
62 Handbooks</uri>.
63 </impo>
65 <p>
66 The Installation CD that we currently provide for IA64:
67 </p>
69 <ul>
70 <li>
71 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable
72 CD which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
73 continue with the Gentoo installation.
74 </li>
75 </ul>
76 -->
77 </body>
78 </subsection>
79 <subsection>
80 <title>Gentoo Minimal Installation CD</title>
81 <body>
83 <p>
84 The Minimal Installation CD is called <c><keyval id="min-cd-name"/></c> and
85 takes up around <keyval id="min-cd-size"/> MB of diskspace. You can use this
86 Installation CD to install Gentoo, but <e>only</e> with a working Internet
87 connection.
88 </p>
89 <!--
90 <table>
91 <tr>
92 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
93 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
94 </tr>
95 <tr>
96 <th>+</th>
97 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
98 </tr>
99 <tr>
100 <th>-</th>
101 <ti>
102 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and
103 is therefore not suitable for networkless installation
104 </ti>
105 </tr>
106 </table>
107 -->
108 </body>
109 </subsection>
110 <subsection>
111 <title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
112 <body>
114 <p>
115 A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment,
116 suitable to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this
117 manual. Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of
118 three stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
119 official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
120 performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
121 the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
122 Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
123 </p>
125 <p>
126 Stage3 tarballs can be downloaded from <path><keyval
127 id="release-dir"/>current-stage3/</path> on any of the <uri
128 link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">Official Gentoo Mirrors</uri> and are not provided
129 on the LiveCD.
130 </p>
132 </body>
133 </subsection>
134 </section>
135 <section>
136 <title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
137 <subsection>
138 <title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
139 <body>
141 <p>
142 You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
143 downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
144 the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
145 </p>
147 <p>
148 You can download any of the Installation CDs from one of our <uri
149 link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The Installation CDs are located in
150 the <path><keyval id="release-dir"/>current-iso/</path> directory.
151 </p>
153 <p>
154 Inside that directory you'll find ISO files. Those are full CD images which you
155 can write on a CD-R.
156 </p>
158 <p>
159 In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check
160 its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
161 <path><keyval id="min-cd-name"/>.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the MD5
162 checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
163 link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
164 </p>
166 <p>
167 Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
168 verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
169 <path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public keys:
170 </p>
172 <pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
173 $ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 96D8BF6D 2D182910 17072058</i>
174 </pre>
176 <p>
177 Now verify the signature:
178 </p>
180 <pre caption="Verify the files">
181 <comment>(Verify the cryptographic signature)</comment>
182 $ <i>gpg --verify &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
183 <comment>(Verify the checksum)</comment>
184 $ <i>sha1sum -c &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
185 </pre>
187 <p>
188 To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
189 do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
190 <c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
191 link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
192 </p>
194 <ul>
195 <li>
196 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
197 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's
198 device path).
199 </li>
200 <li>
201 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>. Then you can locate
202 your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click <c>Start</c>.
203 </li>
204 </ul>
206 </body>
207 </subsection>
208 <subsection>
209 <title>Booting the Installation CD</title>
210 <body>
212 <p>
213 Once you have burnt your installation CD, it is time to boot it.
214 Remove all CDs from your CD drives, and insert the Gentoo
215 InstallCD. Reboot your system and wait for the EFI firmware to load on
216 the console. The exact option to select will differ depending on your
217 hardware.
218 </p>
220 <p>
221 Most implementations usually present an option directly on the first
222 menu (the EFI Boot Manager). The exact wording would differ but would
223 usually be something like &quot;CD Boot&quot;, &quot;Removable Media
224 Boot&quot; or &quot;Internal Bootable DVD&quot;. Select this option.
225 </p>
227 <p>
228 If your EFI implementation does not present such an option, you can
229 boot the CD using the EFI Shell. All implementations will present an
230 option to enter the shell on the Boot Manager menu. Select this
231 option. The EFI Shell will display a list of usable block devices
232 (<c>blk<b>n</b>:</c>) and also a list of filesystems the EFI Shell
233 can actually access (<c>fs<b>n</b>:</c>).
234 </p>
236 <p>
237 In most cases the option you want will be the <c>fs0:</c> choice;
238 regardless, (provided the CD drive recognizes the CD), you should
239 see one <c>fs<b>n</b></c> entry for your CD drive (the CD drive's
240 EFI device path will contain <c>CDROM</c> in the wording). Enter
241 <c>fs<b>n</b>:</c>, replacing <b>n</b> as required and including
242 the colon, followed by the Enter key. Next just type <c>elilo</c>
243 followed by the Enter key.
244 </p>
246 <p>
247 You will now be greeted by the ELILO boot message and asked to
248 enter a kernel to boot as well as any additional options to pass
249 to the kernel command line. In most cases just hit the Enter key
250 or wait five seconds. Only one kernel is supplied on the IA64
251 InstallCD, the <c>gentoo</c> kernel.
252 </p>
254 <p>
255 Several kernel aliases are provided which add extra options to
256 the kernel command line, which you may have to use instead of
257 the default <c>gentoo</c> option depending on your hardware:
258 </p>
260 <p>
261 The <c>gentoo-serial</c> option forces a serial console on the first
262 serial port (ttyS0) at 9600bps. This may be required on some older EFI
263 implementations where the kernel can't detect what console to use. You
264 should try this option if booting the default <c>gentoo</c> kernel
265 produces no output and if you are using a serial console. If you use a
266 serial console which is not connected to the first serial port you
267 must manually select the console by typing <c>gentoo
268 console=ttyS#,9600</c> where <c>#</c> is the number of the serial
269 port.
270 </p>
272 <p>
273 The <c>gentoo-ilo</c> option forces a serial console on the <c>ttyS3</c> serial
274 port at 9600bps. This should be used if you're installing using the HP iLO
275 remote console feature.
276 </p>
278 <p>
279 The <c>gentoo-sgi</c> option forces a serial console on the <c>ttySG0</c>
280 serial port at 115200bps. This should only be needed on SGI hardware, and
281 if the console is properly selected in the default EFI settings, or if you
282 are using a video console this option should not be required.
283 </p>
285 </body>
286 <body>
288 <p>
289 You can also provide kernel options. They represent optional settings
290 you can (de)activate at will.
291 </p>
293 </body>
295 <body>
296 <include href="hb-install-kernelparams.xml"/>
297 </body>
299 <body>
301 <note>
302 The CD will check for "no*" options before "do*" options, so that you can
303 override any option in the exact order you specify.
304 </note>
306 <p>
307 You will then be greeted with a boot screen. If you are installing Gentoo on a
308 system with a non-US keyboard, make sure you select the layout at the prompt. If
309 no selection is made in 10 seconds the default (US keyboard) will be accepted
310 and the boot process will continue. Once the boot process completes, you will be
311 automatically logged in to the "Live" Gentoo Linux as "root", the super user.
312 You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console. If you are using a
313 video console and have a keyboard connected you can also switch to other
314 consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you started
315 on by pressing Alt-F1.
316 </p>
318 <p>
319 Now continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>.
320 </p>
322 </body>
323 </subsection>
325 <subsection>
326 <include href="hb-install-bootconfig.xml"/>
327 </subsection>
329 </section>
330 </sections>

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