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1 <?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2 <!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3
4 <!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5 <!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6
7 <!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-sparc-medium.xml,v 1.59 2013/12/17 10:08:59 swift Exp $ -->
8
9 <sections>
10
11 <version>19</version>
12 <date>2013-12-17</date>
13
14 <section>
15 <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16 <subsection>
17 <title>Introduction</title>
18 <body>
19
20 <p>
21 Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
22 successfully install Gentoo on your box.
23 </p>
24
25 </body>
26 </subsection>
27 <subsection>
28 <title>Hardware Requirements</title>
29 <body>
30
31 <table>
32 <tr>
33 <th>Sparc System</th>
34 <ti>
35 Please check the <uri link="/proj/en/base/sparc/sunhw.xml">Gentoo
36 Linux/SPARC64 Compatibility list</uri> or the <uri
37 link="http://www.ultralinux.org/faq.html#s_2">UltraLinux FAQ</uri>
38 </ti>
39 </tr>
40 <tr>
41 <th>CPU</th>
42 <ti>
43 We currently only support SPARC64 CPUs
44 </ti>
45 </tr>
46 <tr>
47 <th>Memory</th>
48 <ti>64 MB</ti>
49 </tr>
50 <tr>
51 <th>Diskspace</th>
52 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
53 </tr>
54 <tr>
55 <th>Swap space</th>
56 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
57 </tr>
58 </table>
59
60 </body>
61 </subsection>
62 </section>
63
64 <!-- START -->
65 <section>
66 <title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
67 <subsection>
68 <title>Introduction</title>
69 <body>
70
71 <p>
72 The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
73 self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
74 During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
75 are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
76 </p>
77
78 <p>
79 All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
80 partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet.
81 </p>
82 <!--
83 <impo>
84 If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
85 the installation instructions described in the <uri
86 link="2008.0/index.xml">Gentoo 2008.0 Handbooks</uri>.
87 </impo>
88 -->
89 <!--
90 <p>
91 The two Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
92 </p>
93
94 <ul>
95 <li>
96 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD
97 which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
98 continue with the Gentoo installation.
99 </li>
100 <li>
101 The Gentoo <e>Universal</e> Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same
102 abilities as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains
103 several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual subarchitectures).
104 </li>
105 </ul>
106
107 <p>
108 To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
109 major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
110 </p>
111 -->
112 </body>
113 </subsection>
114 <subsection>
115 <title>Gentoo Minimal Installation CD</title>
116 <body>
117
118 <p>
119 The Minimal Installation CD is called <c><keyval id="min-cd-name"/></c> and
120 takes up around <keyval id="min-cd-size"/> MB of diskspace. You can use this
121 Installation CD to install Gentoo, but <e>only</e> with a working Internet
122 connection.
123 </p>
124 <!--
125 <table>
126 <tr>
127 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
128 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
129 </tr>
130 <tr>
131 <th>+</th>
132 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
133 </tr>
134 <tr>
135 <th>-</th>
136 <ti>
137 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
138 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
139 </ti>
140 </tr>
141 </table>
142
143 </body>
144 </subsection>
145 <subsection>
146 <title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
147 <body>
148
149 <p>
150 The Universal Installation CD is called
151 <c>install-sparc64-universal-2008.0.iso</c> and uses 295 MB. You can use this
152 Installation CD to install Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo
153 without a working internet connection.
154 </p>
155
156 <table>
157 <tr>
158 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
159 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
160 </tr>
161 <tr>
162 <th>+</th>
163 <ti>
164 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
165 connection.
166 </ti>
167 </tr>
168 <tr>
169 <th>-</th>
170 <ti>Huge download</ti>
171 </tr>
172 </table>
173 -->
174 <!--
175 </body>
176 </subsection>
177 <subsection>
178 <title>Other CDs</title>
179 <body>
180
181 <p>
182 You might find a <e>Package CD</e> on one of our mirrors. This CD is not an
183 Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
184 networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (also known as the GRP
185 set) that allow you to easily and quickly install additional applications
186 (such as LibreOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless
187 Gentoo installation.
188 </p>
189
190 <p>
191 If you intend to use the Packages CD to quickly install additional software,
192 make sure that you use the same subarchitecture as the stage3 tarball you use.
193 </p>
194 -->
195 </body>
196 </subsection>
197 <subsection>
198 <title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
199 <body>
200
201 <p>
202 A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment, suitable
203 to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this manual.
204 Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of three
205 stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
206 official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
207 performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
208 the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/FAQ#How_do_I_Install_Gentoo_Using_a_Stage1_or_Stage2_Tarball.3F">How
209 do I Install Gentoo Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
210 </p>
211
212 <p>
213 Stage3 tarballs can be downloaded from <path><keyval
214 id="release-dir"/>current-stage3/</path> on any of the <uri
215 link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">Official Gentoo Mirrors</uri> and are not provided
216 on the LiveCD.
217 </p>
218
219 </body>
220 </subsection>
221 <subsection>
222 <title>TFTPBoot image</title>
223 <body>
224
225 <p>
226 If you can't use a CD, or prefer booting over an IP network, there're also
227 TFTPBoot images available on our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>
228 under <path>experimental/sparc/tftpboot/sparc64/</path>.
229 </p>
230
231 <p>
232 For setting up a netboot server, please read the <uri
233 link="https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/Sparc/Netboot">Gentoo/SPARC Netboot
234 HOWTO</uri>.
235 </p>
236
237 </body>
238 </subsection>
239 </section>
240 <!-- STOP -->
241 <section>
242 <title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
243 <subsection>
244 <title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
245 <body>
246
247 <p>
248 You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
249 downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
250 the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
251 </p>
252
253 <p>
254 You can download any of the Installation CDs from one of our <uri
255 link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The Installation CDs are located in
256 the <path><keyval id="release-dir"/>current-iso/</path> directory.
257 </p>
258
259 <p>
260 Inside that directory you'll find ISO files. Those are full CD images which you
261 can write on a CD-R.
262 </p>
263
264 <p>
265 In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check
266 its SHA-2 checksum and compare it with the SHA-2 checksum we provide (such as
267 <path><keyval id="min-cd-name"/>.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the SHA-2
268 checksum with the <c>sha512sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
269 link="http://www.sinf.gr/en/hashcalc.html">Checksums calculator</uri> for Windows.
270 </p>
271
272 <pre caption="Verifying the SHA-2 checksum">
273 $ <i>sha512sum -c &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS&gt;</i>
274 </pre>
275
276 <note>
277 If you get the message that no properly formatted SHA checksum was found, take a
278 look at the DIGESTS file yourself to see what the supported checksums are.
279 </note>
280
281 <p>
282 Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
283 verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
284 <path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public keys whose
285 key ids can be found on the <uri link="/proj/en/releng/index.xml">release
286 engineering project site</uri>.
287 </p>
288
289 <pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
290 <comment>(... Substitute the key ids with those mentioned on the release engineering site ...)</comment>
291 $ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 96D8BF6D 2D182910 17072058</i>
292 </pre>
293
294 <p>
295 Now verify the signature:
296 </p>
297
298 <pre caption="Verify the files">
299 $ <i>gpg --verify &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
300 $ <i>sha512sum -c &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
301 </pre>
302
303 <p>
304 To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
305 do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
306 <c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
307 link="https://wiki.gentoo.org/wiki/FAQ#How_do_I_burn_an_ISO_file.3F">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
308 </p>
309
310 <ul>
311 <li>
312 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/sr0 &lt;downloaded iso
313 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/sr0</path> with your CD-RW drive's device
314 path).
315 </li>
316 <li>
317 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>. Then you can locate
318 your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click <c>Start</c>.
319 </li>
320 </ul>
321
322 </body>
323 </subsection>
324 <subsection>
325 <title>Booting the Installation CD</title>
326 <body>
327
328 <p>
329 Insert the Gentoo Installation CD in the CD-ROM and boot your system. During
330 startup, press Stop-A to enter OpenBootPROM (OBP). Once you are in the OBP,
331 boot from the CD-ROM:
332 </p>
333
334 <pre caption="Booting the Installation CD">
335 ok <i>boot cdrom</i>
336 </pre>
337
338 <p>
339 You will be greeted by the SILO boot manager (on the Installation CD). You can
340 hit Enter for more help if you want. Type in <c>gentoo</c> and press enter to
341 continue booting the system:
342 </p>
343
344 <pre caption="Continue booting from the Installation CD">
345 boot: <i>gentoo</i>
346 </pre>
347
348 <p>
349 Once the Installation CD is booted, you will be automatically logged on to the
350 system.
351 </p>
352
353 <p>
354 You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You will also find a
355 root prompt on the serial console (<path>ttyS0</path>).
356 </p>
357
358 <p>
359 Continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>.
360 </p>
361
362 </body>
363 </subsection>
364
365 <subsection>
366 <include href="hb-install-bootconfig.xml"/>
367 </subsection>
368
369 </section>
370 </sections>

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