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6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-sparc-medium.xml,v 1.21 2004/11/09 13:01:52 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-sparc-medium.xml,v 1.34 2005/09/05 15:22:02 neysx Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>1.20</version> 11<version>2.4</version>
12<date>November 4, 2004</date> 12<date>2005-09-05</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
18<body> 18<body>
19 19
20<p> 20<p>
21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to 21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
22successfully install Gentoo on your box. This of course depends on your 22successfully install Gentoo on your box.
23architecture.
24</p> 23</p>
25 24
26</body> 25</body>
27</subsection>
28<subsection> 26</subsection>
29<title>The SPARC Architecture</title> 27<subsection>
28<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
29<body>
30
31<table>
32<tr>
33 <th>Sparc System</th>
34 <ti>
35 Please check the <uri
36 link="http://www.ultralinux.org/faq.html#s_2">UltraLinux FAQ</uri>
37 </ti>
38</tr>
39<tr>
40 <th>CPU</th>
41 <ti>
42 We currently only support sparc64 CPUs
43 </ti>
44</tr>
45<tr>
46 <th>Memory</th>
47 <ti>64 MB</ti>
48</tr>
49<tr>
50 <th>Diskspace</th>
51 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
52</tr>
53<tr>
54 <th>Swap space</th>
55 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
56</tr>
57</table>
58
30<body> 59</body>
60</subsection>
61</section>
62<!-- Copy/Paste from hb-install-x86-medium.xml -->
63<!-- Warning: The part originally contains "x86" -->
64<!-- START -->
65<section>
66<title>The Gentoo Installation Approaches</title>
67<subsection>
68<title>Introduction</title>
69<body>
31 70
32<p> 71<p>
33Check the following requirements before you 72Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
34continue with the Gentoo installation: 73A stage file is a tarball (compressed archive) that contains a minimal
74environment.
35</p> 75</p>
36 76
37<ul> 77<ul>
38<li> 78 <li>
39 You need at least 1 Gb of free disk space 79 A stage1 file contains nothing more than a compiler, Portage (Gentoo's
80 software management system) and a couple of packages on which the compiler
81 or Portage depends.
40</li> 82 </li>
41<li> 83 <li>
42 If you do not use prebuilt packages, you need at least 300 Mb of memory (RAM + 84 A stage2 file contains a so-called bootstrapped system, a minimal
43 swap) 85 environment from which one can start building all other necessary
86 applications that make a Gentoo environment complete.
44</li> 87 </li>
45<li> 88 <li>
46 For the <e>SPARC architecture</e>, you should check with the <uri 89 A stage3 file contains a prebuilt minimal system which is almost fully
47 link="http://www.ultralinux.org/faq.html#s_2">UltraLinux FAQ</uri> 90 deployable. It only lacks a few applications where you, the Gentoo user,
91 needs to choose which one you want to install.
48</li> 92 </li>
49</ul> 93</ul>
50 94
95<p>
96To help you decide what stage file you want to use, we have written down the
97major advantages and disadvantages of each stage file.
98</p>
99
51</body> 100</body>
52</subsection>
53</section>
54<section>
55<title>Make your Choice</title>
56<subsection> 101</subsection>
57<title>Introduction</title>
58<body>
59
60<p>
61Still interested in trying out Gentoo? Well, then it is now time to
62choose the installation medium you want to use. Yes, you have the
63choice, no, they are not all equal, and yes, the result is always the same: a
64Gentoo base system.
65</p>
66
67<p>
68The installation media we will describe are:
69</p>
70
71<ul>
72<li>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</li>
73<li>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</li>
74</ul>
75
76<p>
77Every single media has its advantages and disadvantages. We will list
78the pros and cons of every medium so you have all the information to
79make a justified decision. But before we continue, let's explain our
80three-stage installation.
81</p>
82
83</body>
84</subsection> 102<subsection>
85<subsection> 103<title>A Stage1 Approach</title>
86<title>The Three Stages</title>
87<body> 104<body>
88 105
89<p>
90Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
91The one you choose depends on how much of the system you want to compile
92yourself. The <e>stage1</e> tarball is used when you want to bootstrap and
93build the entire system from scratch. The <e>stage2</e> tarball is used for
94building the entire system from a bootstrapped &quot;semi-compiled&quot; state.
95The <e>stage3</e> tarball already contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has
96been built for you. As we will explain later, you can also install
97Gentoo without compiling anything (except your kernel and some optional
98packages). If you want this, you have to use a <e>stage3</e> tarball.
99</p> 106<p>
100 107A <e>stage1</e> is used when you want to bootstrap and build the entire system
108from scratch.
101<p> 109</p>
102Now what stage do you have to choose? 110
103</p> 111<p>
104
105<p>
106Starting from a <e>stage1</e> allows you to have total control over the 112Starting from a stage1 allows you to have total control over the
107optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is 113optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is
108initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for 114initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for
109power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great 115power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great
110installation method for those who would like to know more about the 116installation method for those who would like to know more about the
111inner workings of Gentoo Linux. 117inner workings of Gentoo Linux.
112</p> 118</p>
113 119
114<p>
115A <e>stage1</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
116Internet connection.
117</p>
118
119<table> 120<table>
120<tr> 121<tr>
121 <th>Stage1</th> 122 <th>Stage1</th>
122 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 123 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
123</tr> 124</tr>
141 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti> 142 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti>
142</tr> 143</tr>
143<tr> 144<tr>
144 <th>-</th> 145 <th>-</th>
145 <ti> 146 <ti>
146 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is probably a waste of time 147 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is a waste of time
147 </ti>
148</tr>
149<tr>
150 <th>-</th>
151 <ti> 148 </ti>
152 Not suitable for networkless installations 149</tr>
150<tr>
151 <th>-</th>
152 <ti>
153 Requires a working Internet connection during the installation
153 </ti> 154 </ti>
154</tr> 155</tr>
155</table> 156</table>
156 157
158</body>
159</subsection>
160<subsection>
161<title>A Stage2 Approach</title>
162<body>
163
164<p>
165A <e>stage2</e> is used for building the entire system from a bootstrapped
166"semi-compiled" state.
157<p> 167</p>
168
169<p>
158<e>Stage2</e> installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process and doing this 170Stage2 installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process; doing this
159is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose 171is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose
160for your particular <e>stage2</e> tarball. 172for your particular stage2 tarball.
161</p>
162
163<p>
164A <e>stage2</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
165Internet connection.
166</p> 173</p>
167 174
168<table> 175<table>
169<tr> 176<tr>
170 <th>Stage2</th> 177 <th>Stage2</th>
186 <th>-</th> 193 <th>-</th>
187 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti> 194 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti>
188</tr> 195</tr>
189<tr> 196<tr>
190 <th>-</th> 197 <th>-</th>
191 <ti>It's not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti> 198 <ti>It's still not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
192</tr> 199</tr>
193<tr> 200<tr>
194 <th>-</th> 201 <th>-</th>
195 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti> 202 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti>
196</tr> 203</tr>
197<tr> 204<tr>
198 <th>-</th> 205 <th>-</th>
199 <ti> 206 <ti>
200 Not suitable for networkless installations 207 Requires a working Internet connection during the installation
201 </ti> 208 </ti>
202</tr> 209</tr>
203</table> 210</table>
204 211
212</body>
213</subsection>
214<subsection>
215<title>A Stage3 Approach</title>
216<body>
217
218<p>
219A <e>stage3</e> installation contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has been
220built for you. You will only need to build a few packages of which we can't
221decide for you which one to choose.
205<p> 222</p>
223
224<p>
206Choosing to go with a <e>stage3</e> allows for the fastest install of Gentoo 225Choosing to go with a stage3 allows for the fastest install of Gentoo
207Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization 226Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization
208settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings 227settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings
209and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining 228and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining
210stability). <e>stage3</e> is also required if you want to install Gentoo using 229stability). Stage3 is also required if you want to install Gentoo using
211prebuilt packages or without a network connection. 230prebuilt packages or without a network connection.
212</p> 231</p>
213 232
214<table> 233<table>
215<tr> 234<tr>
219<tr> 238<tr>
220 <th>+</th> 239 <th>+</th>
221 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti> 240 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti>
222</tr> 241</tr>
223<tr> 242<tr>
224 <th>+</th>
225 <ti>Suitable for networkless installations</ti>
226</tr>
227<tr>
228 <th>-</th> 243 <th>-</th>
229 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti> 244 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti>
230</tr> 245</tr>
231<tr>
232 <th>-</th>
233 <ti>You cannot brag about having used stage1 or stage2</ti>
234</tr>
235</table> 246</table>
236 247
237<p> 248<p>
238Write down (or remember) what stage you want to use. You need this later when
239you decide what LiveCD (or other installation medium) you want to use. You might
240be interested to know that, if you decide to use different optimization settings 249You might be interested to know that, if you decide to use different
241after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to recompile your entire system 250optimization settings after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to
242with the new optimization settings. 251recompile your entire system with the new optimization settings.
243</p>
244
245<p> 252</p>
246Now take a look at the available installation media.
247</p>
248 253
249</body> 254</body>
250</subsection>
251<subsection> 255</subsection>
252<title>Gentoo LiveCDs</title> 256</section>
257<section>
258<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
259<subsection>
260<title>Introduction</title>
253<body> 261<body>
254 262
255<p> 263<p>
256The <e>Gentoo LiveCDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a 264The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
257self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD. 265self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
258During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers 266During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
259are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers. 267are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
260</p> 268</p>
261 269
262<p> 270<p>
263All LiveCDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your 271All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
264partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. However, some 272partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
265LiveCDs also contain all necessary source code so you are able to install 273two Installation CDs which are equaly suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
266Gentoo without a working network configuration. 274as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the latest
267</p> 275version of the available packages.
268
269<p> 276</p>
270Now what do these LiveCDs contain? 277
271</p> 278<p>
279If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
280the installation instructions described in the <uri
281link="2005.1/index.xml">Gentoo 2005.1 Handbooks</uri>.
282</p>
272 283
284<p>
285The two Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
286</p>
287
288<ul>
289 <li>
290 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD
291 which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
292 continue with the Gentoo installation.
293 </li>
294 <li>
295 The Gentoo <e>Universal</e> Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same
296 abilities as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains a
297 stage1 and several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual
298 subarchitectures).
299 </li>
300</ul>
301
302<p>
303We currently only provide Installation CDs for the sparc64 architecture. Users
304of sparc32 can use the experimental netboot images to install Gentoo from.
305More information about netbooting can be found in our <uri
306link="/doc/en/gentoo-sparc-netboot-howto.xml">Gentoo/SPARC Netboot
307HOWTO</uri>.
308</p>
309
310<p>
311To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
312major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
313</p>
314
273</body> 315</body>
274</subsection>
275<subsection> 316</subsection>
317<subsection>
276<title>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</title> 318<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title>
277<body> 319<body>
278 320
279<p> 321<p>
280This is a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which sole purpose is to boot the 322The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-sparc64-minimal-2005.1.iso</c>
281system, prepare the networking and continue with the Gentoo installation. It 323and takes up only 130 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to
282does not contain any stages (or, in some cases, a single stage1 file), 324install Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only.
283source code or precompiled packages. For example the sparc64 variant of this
284LiveCD can be found in the <path>sparc64/</path> subdirectory and is called
285<c>install-sparc64-minimal-2004.1.iso</c>.
286</p> 325</p>
287 326
288<table> 327<table>
289<tr> 328<tr>
290 <th>Minimal LiveCD</th> 329 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
291 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 330 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
292</tr> 331</tr>
293<tr> 332<tr>
294 <th>+</th> 333 <th>+</th>
295 <ti>Smallest download</ti> 334 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
296</tr>
297<tr>
298 <th>+</th>
299 <ti>Suitable for a complete architecture</ti>
300</tr> 335</tr>
301<tr> 336<tr>
302 <th>+</th> 337 <th>+</th>
303 <ti> 338 <ti>
304 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the 339 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the
306 </ti> 341 </ti>
307</tr> 342</tr>
308<tr> 343<tr>
309 <th>-</th> 344 <th>-</th>
310 <ti> 345 <ti>
311 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no GRP packages and therefore not 346 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
312 suitable for networkless installation 347 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
313 </ti> 348 </ti>
314</tr> 349</tr>
315</table> 350</table>
316 351
317</body> 352</body>
318</subsection> 353</subsection>
319<subsection> 354<subsection>
320<title>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</title> 355<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
321<body> 356<body>
322 357
323<p>
324Gentoo's Universal LiveCD is a bootable CD suitable to install Gentoo without
325networking. It contains a stage1 and stage3 tarballs (optimized for the
326sparc architecture). For example the sparc64 variant of this CD is called
327<c>install-sparc64-universal-2004.1.iso</c> and can be found in the
328<path>sparc64/</path> subdirectory.
329</p> 358<p>
330 359The Universal Installation CD is called
331<p> 360<c>install-sparc-universal-2005.1.iso</c> and consumes the entire surface of a
332If you take a closer look into the directories you will see 361650 MB CD. You can use this Installation CD to install
333that we provide a <e>Gentoo Package CD</e>. This CD (which isn't 362Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working internet
334bootable) only contains precompiled packages and can be used to install software 363connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another PC than the one you
335after a succesfull Gentoo Installation. To install Gentoo, you only 364are currently installing Gentoo on :)
336need the Universal LiveCD, but if you want OpenOffice.org, Mozilla, KDE, GNOME
337etc. without having to compile every single one of them, you need the Packages
338CD too. Such a Packages CD for sparc64 is called
339<c>packages-sparc64-2004.1.iso</c>.
340</p>
341
342<p>
343You only need the Packages CD if you want to perform a stage3 with GRP
344installation.
345</p> 365</p>
346 366
347<table> 367<table>
348<tr> 368<tr>
349 <th>Universal LiveCD with Packages CD</th> 369 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
350 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 370 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
351</tr>
352<tr>
353 <th>+</th>
354 <ti>Packages CD is optimized to your architecture and subarchitecture</ti>
355</tr>
356<tr>
357 <th>+</th>
358 <ti>
359 Packages CD provides precompiled packages for fast Gentoo installations
360 </ti>
361</tr> 371</tr>
362<tr> 372<tr>
363 <th>+</th> 373 <th>+</th>
364 <ti> 374 <ti>
365 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network 375 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
372</tr> 382</tr>
373</table> 383</table>
374 384
375</body> 385</body>
376</subsection> 386</subsection>
387<subsection>
388<title>Other CDs</title>
389<body>
390
391<p>
392You might find a so-called <e>Package CD</e> on one of our mirrors. This CD is
393no Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
394networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (the so-called GRP set)
395that allows you to easily and quickly install additional applications (such as
396OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless Gentoo
397installation.
398</p>
399
400</body>
401</subsection>
377</section> 402</section>
403<!-- STOP -->
378<section> 404<section>
379<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo LiveCD</title> 405<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
380<subsection> 406<subsection>
381<title>Downloading and Burning the LiveCDs</title> 407<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
382<body> 408<body>
383 409
384<p>
385You have chosen to use a Gentoo LiveCD (if not, then you are reading the
386wrong section). We'll first start by downloading and burning the chosen
387LiveCD. We previously discussed the several available LiveCDs, but where can you
388find them?
389</p> 410<p>
390 411You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
412downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
413the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
391<p> 414</p>
392Visit one of our <uri 415
393link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri> and go to
394<path>releases/sparc/2004.1/livecd</path> where the LiveCD(s) of
395your choice are located. Inside the subdirectories <path>sparc32/</path> and
396<path>sparc64/</path> you'll find so-called ISO-files.
397Those are full CD images which you can write on a CD-R.
398</p> 416<p>
399 417You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages
418CD as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
419Installation CDs are located in the
420<path>releases/sparc/2005.1/sparc64/installcd</path> directory.
400<p> 421</p>
422
423<p>
424Inside that directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images
425which you can write on a CD-R.
426</p>
427
428<p>
401In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can 429In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check its
402check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 430MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
403<path>install-sparc64-minimal-2004.1.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 431<path>install-sparc64-minimal-2005.1.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5
404checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 432checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
405link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. 433link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
406</p> 434</p>
407 435
408<p> 436<p>
430link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>. 458link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
431</p> 459</p>
432 460
433<ul> 461<ul>
434 <li> 462 <li>
435 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace 463 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
436 <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device path) followed 464 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device
437 by the path to the ISO file :) 465 path).
438 </li> 466 </li>
439 <li> 467 <li>
440 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then 468 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then
441 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click 469 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click
442 <c>Start</c>. 470 <c>Start</c>.
444</ul> 472</ul>
445 473
446</body> 474</body>
447</subsection> 475</subsection>
448<subsection> 476<subsection>
449<title>Booting the SPARC LiveCD</title> 477<title>Booting the Installation CD</title>
450<body> 478<body>
451 479
452<p> 480<p>
453Insert the Gentoo LiveCD in the CD-ROM and boot your system. During startup, 481Insert the Gentoo Installation CD in the CD-ROM and boot your system. During
454press Stop-A to enter OpenBootPROM (OBP). Once you are in the OBP, boot from the 482startup, press Stop-A to enter OpenBootPROM (OBP). Once you are in the OBP,
455CD-ROM: 483boot from the CD-ROM:
456</p> 484</p>
457 485
458<pre caption="Booting the LiveCD"> 486<pre caption="Booting the Installation CD">
459ok <i>boot cdrom</i> 487ok <i>boot cdrom</i>
460</pre> 488</pre>
461 489
462<p> 490<p>
463You will be greeted by the SILO boot manager (on the LiveCD). Type in 491You will be greeted by the SILO boot manager (on the Installation CD). Type in
464<c>gentoo-2.4</c> (single-CPU kernel) or <c>gentoo-2.4-smp</c> 492<c>gentoo-2.4</c> and press enter to continue booting the
465(multi-CPU kernel) and press enter to continue booting the system. In the 493system:
466following example we'll boot the <c>gentoo-2.4</c> kernel.
467</p> 494</p>
468 495
469<pre caption="Continue booting from the LiveCD"> 496<pre caption="Continue booting from the Installation CD">
470boot: <i>gentoo-2.4</i> 497boot: <i>gentoo-2.4</i>
471</pre> 498</pre>
472 499
473<p> 500<p>
474Once the LiveCD is booted, you will be greeted by a login prompt. Log on as 501Once the Installation CD is booted, you will be automatically logged on to the
475<c>root</c>. There is no password, so when you are asked for one, press Enter. 502system.
476</p>
477
478<pre caption="Logging on onto the LiveCD">
479login: <i>root</i>
480password: <comment>(Press Enter here)</comment>
481</pre> 503</p>
482 504
483<p> 505<p>
484You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch 506You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch
485to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you 507to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you
486started on by pressing Alt-F1. 508started on by pressing Alt-F1. You will also find a root prompt on the serial
509console (<path>ttyS0</path>).
487</p> 510</p>
488 511
489<p> 512<p>
490Continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>. 513Continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>.
491</p> 514</p>
506certain kinds of network interfaces): 529certain kinds of network interfaces):
507</p> 530</p>
508 531
509<pre caption="Loading kernel modules"> 532<pre caption="Loading kernel modules">
510# <i>modprobe 8139too</i> 533# <i>modprobe 8139too</i>
511</pre>
512
513</body>
514</subsection>
515<subsection>
516<title>Optional: Tweaking Hard Disk Performance</title>
517<body>
518
519<p>
520If you are an advanced user, you might want to tweak the IDE hard disk
521performance using <c>hdparm</c>. With the <c>-tT</c> options you can
522test the performance of your disk (execute it several times to get a
523more precise impression):
524</p>
525
526<pre caption="Testing disk performance">
527# <i>hdparm -tT /dev/hda</i>
528</pre>
529
530<p>
531To tweak, you can use any of the following examples (or experiment
532yourself) which use <path>/dev/hda</path> as disk (substitute with your
533disk):
534</p>
535
536<pre caption="Tweaking hard disk performance">
537<comment>Activate DMA:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 /dev/hda</i>
538<comment>Activate DMA + Safe Performance-enhancing Options:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 -A 1 -m 16 -u 1 -a 64 /dev/hda</i>
539</pre> 534</pre>
540 535
541</body> 536</body>
542</subsection> 537</subsection>
543<subsection id="useraccounts"> 538<subsection id="useraccounts">
600If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run 595If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run
601<c>links2</c> to read it: 596<c>links2</c> to read it:
602</p> 597</p>
603 598
604<pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation"> 599<pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation">
605# <i>links2 /mnt/cdrom/docs/html/index.html</i> 600# <i>links2 /mnt/cdrom/docs/handbook/html/index.html</i>
606</pre> 601</pre>
607 602
608<p> 603<p>
609However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be 604However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be
610more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>links2</c> 605more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>links2</c>

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