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2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
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6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-sparc-medium.xml,v 1.7 2004/05/06 06:55:48 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-sparc-medium.xml,v 1.21 2004/11/09 13:01:52 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10
11<version>1.20</version>
12<date>November 4, 2004</date>
13
10<section> 14<section>
11<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
12<subsection> 16<subsection>
13<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
14<body> 18<body>
105power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great 109power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great
106installation method for those who would like to know more about the 110installation method for those who would like to know more about the
107inner workings of Gentoo Linux. 111inner workings of Gentoo Linux.
108</p> 112</p>
109 113
114<p>
115A <e>stage1</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
116Internet connection.
117</p>
118
110<table> 119<table>
111<tr> 120<tr>
112 <th>Stage1</th> 121 <th>Stage1</th>
113 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 122 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
114</tr> 123</tr>
133</tr> 142</tr>
134<tr> 143<tr>
135 <th>-</th> 144 <th>-</th>
136 <ti> 145 <ti>
137 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is probably a waste of time 146 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is probably a waste of time
147 </ti>
148</tr>
149<tr>
150 <th>-</th>
151 <ti>
152 Not suitable for networkless installations
138 </ti> 153 </ti>
139</tr> 154</tr>
140</table> 155</table>
141 156
142<p> 157<p>
143<e>Stage2</e> installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process and doing this 158<e>Stage2</e> installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process and doing this
144is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose 159is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose
145for your particular <e>stage2</e> tarball. 160for your particular <e>stage2</e> tarball.
146</p> 161</p>
147 162
163<p>
164A <e>stage2</e> installation can only be performed when you have a working
165Internet connection.
166</p>
167
148<table> 168<table>
149<tr> 169<tr>
150 <th>Stage2</th> 170 <th>Stage2</th>
151 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 171 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
152</tr> 172</tr>
171 <ti>It's not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti> 191 <ti>It's not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
172</tr> 192</tr>
173<tr> 193<tr>
174 <th>-</th> 194 <th>-</th>
175 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti> 195 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti>
196</tr>
197<tr>
198 <th>-</th>
199 <ti>
200 Not suitable for networkless installations
201 </ti>
176</tr> 202</tr>
177</table> 203</table>
178 204
179<p> 205<p>
180Choosing to go with a <e>stage3</e> allows for the fastest install of Gentoo 206Choosing to go with a <e>stage3</e> allows for the fastest install of Gentoo
193<tr> 219<tr>
194 <th>+</th> 220 <th>+</th>
195 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti> 221 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti>
196</tr> 222</tr>
197<tr> 223<tr>
224 <th>+</th>
225 <ti>Suitable for networkless installations</ti>
226</tr>
227<tr>
198 <th>-</th> 228 <th>-</th>
199 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti> 229 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti>
200</tr> 230</tr>
201<tr> 231<tr>
202 <th>-</th> 232 <th>-</th>
228During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers 258During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
229are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers. 259are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
230</p> 260</p>
231 261
232<p> 262<p>
233All LiveCDs allow you to boot, setup networking, initialize your 263All LiveCDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
234partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. However, some 264partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. However, some
235LiveCDs also contain all necessary source code so you are able to install 265LiveCDs also contain all necessary source code so you are able to install
236Gentoo without a working network configuration. 266Gentoo without a working network configuration.
237</p> 267</p>
238 268
276 </ti> 306 </ti>
277</tr> 307</tr>
278<tr> 308<tr>
279 <th>-</th> 309 <th>-</th>
280 <ti> 310 <ti>
281 Contains no stages, no portage snapshot, no GRP packages and therefore not 311 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no GRP packages and therefore not
282 suitable for networkless installation 312 suitable for networkless installation
283 </ti> 313 </ti>
284</tr> 314</tr>
285</table> 315</table>
286 316
307etc. without having to compile every single one of them, you need the Packages 337etc. without having to compile every single one of them, you need the Packages
308CD too. Such a Packages CD for sparc64 is called 338CD too. Such a Packages CD for sparc64 is called
309<c>packages-sparc64-2004.1.iso</c>. 339<c>packages-sparc64-2004.1.iso</c>.
310</p> 340</p>
311 341
342<p>
343You only need the Packages CD if you want to perform a stage3 with GRP
344installation.
345</p>
346
312<table> 347<table>
313<tr> 348<tr>
314 <th>Universal LiveCD with Packages CD</th> 349 <th>Universal LiveCD with Packages CD</th>
315 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 350 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
316</tr> 351</tr>
365<p> 400<p>
366In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can 401In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can
367check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 402check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
368<path>install-sparc64-minimal-2004.1.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 403<path>install-sparc64-minimal-2004.1.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5
369checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 404checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
370link="http://www.md5summer.org">md5summer</uri> for Windows. 405link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
406</p>
407
371</p> 408<p>
409Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
410verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
411<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
412</p>
413
414<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
415$ <i>gpg --keyserver pgp.mit.edu --recv-keys 17072058</i>
416</pre>
417
418<p>
419Now verify the signature:
420</p>
421
422<pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature">
423$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i>
424</pre>
372 425
373<p> 426<p>
374To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you 427To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
375do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss a couple of popular 428do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
376tools on how to do this. 429<c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
430link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
377</p> 431</p>
378 432
379<ul> 433<ul>
380 <li>
381 With EasyCD Creator you select <c>File</c>, <c>Record CD
382 from CD image</c>. Then you change the <c>Files of type</c> to <c>ISO image
383 file</c>. Then locate the ISO file and click <c>Open</c>. When you click on
384 <c>Start recording</c> the ISO image will be burned correctly onto the CD-R.
385 </li>
386 <li>
387 With Nero Burning ROM, select <c>File</c>, <c>Burn CD image</c>. Set the
388 type of file to <c>*.*</c> and select the ISO file. Older versions of Nero
389 will tell you they don't recognize the format -- confirm here, it does
390 recognize it but doesn't know it yet :) In the next dialog, set the
391 following parameters:
392 <ul>
393 <li>Type of image: <c>Data Mode 1</c></li>
394 <li>Block size: <c>2048 bytes</c></li>
395 <li>File precursor and length of the image trailer: <c>0 bytes</c></li>
396 <li>Scrambled: <c>no</c></li>
397 <li>Swapped: <c>no</c></li>
398 </ul>
399 Now click on <c>OK</c> and then <c>Burn</c> (the CD-R)
400 </li>
401 <li> 434 <li>
402 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace 435 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace
403 <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device path) followed 436 <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device path) followed
404 by the path to the ISO file :) 437 by the path to the ISO file :)
405 </li> 438 </li>
505<comment>Activate DMA + Safe Performance-enhancing Options:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 -A 1 -m 16 -u 1 -a 64 /dev/hda</i> 538<comment>Activate DMA + Safe Performance-enhancing Options:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 -A 1 -m 16 -u 1 -a 64 /dev/hda</i>
506</pre> 539</pre>
507 540
508</body> 541</body>
509</subsection> 542</subsection>
510<subsection> 543<subsection id="useraccounts">
511<title>Optional: User Accounts</title> 544<title>Optional: User Accounts</title>
512<body> 545<body>
513 546
514<p> 547<p>
515If you plan on giving other people access to your installation 548If you plan on giving other people access to your installation
533its password. We use <c>useradd</c> and <c>passwd</c> for these tasks. 566its password. We use <c>useradd</c> and <c>passwd</c> for these tasks.
534In the next example, we create a user called &quot;john&quot;. 567In the next example, we create a user called &quot;john&quot;.
535</p> 568</p>
536 569
537<pre caption="Creating a user account"> 570<pre caption="Creating a user account">
538# <i>useradd john</i> 571# <i>useradd -m -G users john</i>
539# <i>passwd john</i> 572# <i>passwd john</i>
540New password: <comment>(Enter john's password)</comment> 573New password: <comment>(Enter john's password)</comment>
541Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter john's password)</comment> 574Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter john's password)</comment>
542</pre> 575</pre>
543 576
545You can change your user id from root to the newly created user by using 578You can change your user id from root to the newly created user by using
546<c>su</c>: 579<c>su</c>:
547</p> 580</p>
548 581
549<pre caption="Changing user id"> 582<pre caption="Changing user id">
550# <i>su john -</i> 583# <i>su - john</i>
584</pre>
585
586</body>
587</subsection>
588<subsection>
589<title>Optional: Viewing Documentation while Installing</title>
590<body>
591
592<p>
593If you want to view the Gentoo Handbook (either from-CD or online) during the
594installation, make sure you have created a user account (see <uri
595link="#useraccounts">Optional: User Accounts</uri>). Then press <c>Alt-F2</c> to
596go to a new terminal and log in.
551</pre> 597</p>
598
599<p>
600If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run
601<c>links2</c> to read it:
602</p>
603
604<pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation">
605# <i>links2 /mnt/cdrom/docs/html/index.html</i>
606</pre>
607
608<p>
609However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be
610more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>links2</c>
611as well, but only after having completed the <e>Configuring your Network</e>
612chapter (otherwise you won't be able to go on the Internet to view the
613document):
614</p>
615
616<pre caption="Viewing the Online Documentation">
617# <i>links2 http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/handbook/handbook-sparc.xml</i>
618</pre>
619
620<p>
621You can go back to your original terminal by pressing <c>Alt-F1</c>.
622</p>
552 623
553</body> 624</body>
554</subsection> 625</subsection>
555<subsection> 626<subsection>
556<title>Optional: Starting the SSH Daemon</title> 627<title>Optional: Starting the SSH Daemon</title>
571<pre caption="Starting the SSH daemon"> 642<pre caption="Starting the SSH daemon">
572# <i>/etc/init.d/sshd start</i> 643# <i>/etc/init.d/sshd start</i>
573</pre> 644</pre>
574 645
575<p> 646<p>
576To be able to use sshd, you first need to setup your networking. Continue with 647To be able to use sshd, you first need to set up your networking. Continue with
577the chapter on <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=3">Configuring your Network</uri>. 648the chapter on <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=3">Configuring your Network</uri>.
578</p> 649</p>
579 650
580</body> 651</body>
581</subsection> 652</subsection>

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