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3 3
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6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-sparc-medium.xml,v 1.3 2004/04/15 07:06:36 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-sparc-medium.xml,v 1.33 2005/08/09 09:43:58 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10
11<version>2.3</version>
12<date>2005-08-09</date>
13
10<section> 14<section>
11<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
12<subsection> 16<subsection>
13<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
14<body> 18<body>
15 19
16<p> 20<p>
17Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to 21Before we start, we first list what hardware requirements you need to
18successfully install Gentoo on your box. This of course depends on your 22successfully install Gentoo on your box.
19architecture.
20</p> 23</p>
21 24
22</body> 25</body>
23</subsection>
24<subsection> 26</subsection>
25<title>The SPARC Architecture</title> 27<subsection>
28<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
29<body>
30
31<table>
32<tr>
33 <th>Sparc System</th>
34 <ti>
35 Please check the <uri
36 link="http://www.ultralinux.org/faq.html#s_2">UltraLinux FAQ</uri>
37 </ti>
38</tr>
39<tr>
40 <th>CPU</th>
41 <ti>
42 We currently only support sparc64 CPUs
43 </ti>
44</tr>
45<tr>
46 <th>Memory</th>
47 <ti>64 MB</ti>
48</tr>
49<tr>
50 <th>Diskspace</th>
51 <ti>1.5 GB (excluding swap space)</ti>
52</tr>
53<tr>
54 <th>Swap space</th>
55 <ti>At least 256 MB</ti>
56</tr>
57</table>
58
26<body> 59</body>
60</subsection>
61</section>
62<!-- Copy/Paste from hb-install-x86-medium.xml -->
63<!-- Warning: The part originally contains "x86" -->
64<!-- START -->
65<section>
66<title>The Gentoo Installation Approaches</title>
67<subsection>
68<title>Introduction</title>
69<body>
27 70
28<p> 71<p>
29Check the following requirements before you 72Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
30continue with the Gentoo installation: 73A stage file is a tarball (compressed archive) that contains a minimal
74environment.
31</p> 75</p>
32 76
33<ul> 77<ul>
34<li> 78 <li>
35 You need at least 1 Gb of free disk space 79 A stage1 file contains nothing more than a compiler, Portage (Gentoo's
80 software management system) and a couple of packages on which the compiler
81 or Portage depends.
36</li> 82 </li>
37<li> 83 <li>
38 If you do not use prebuilt packages, you need at least 300 Mb of memory (RAM + 84 A stage2 file contains a so-called bootstrapped system, a minimal
39 swap) 85 environment from which one can start building all other necessary
86 applications that make a Gentoo environment complete.
40</li> 87 </li>
41<li> 88 <li>
42 For the <e>SPARC architecture</e>, you should check with the <uri 89 A stage3 file contains a prebuilt minimal system which is almost fully
43 link="http://www.ultralinux.org/faq.html#s_2">UltraLinux FAQ</uri> 90 deployable. It only lacks a few applications where you, the Gentoo user,
91 needs to choose which one you want to install.
44</li> 92 </li>
45</ul> 93</ul>
46 94
95<p>
96To help you decide what stage file you want to use, we have written down the
97major advantages and disadvantages of each stage file.
98</p>
99
47</body> 100</body>
48</subsection>
49</section>
50<section>
51<title>Make your Choice</title>
52<subsection> 101</subsection>
53<title>Introduction</title>
54<body>
55
56<p>
57Still interested in trying out Gentoo? Well, then it is now time to
58choose the installation medium you want to use. Yes, you have the
59choice, no, they are not all equal, and yes, the result is always the same: a
60Gentoo base system.
61</p>
62
63<p>
64The installation media we will describe are:
65</p>
66
67<ul>
68<li>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</li>
69<li>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</li>
70</ul>
71
72<p>
73Every single media has its advantages and disadvantages. We will list
74the pros and cons of every medium so you have all the information to
75make a justified decision. But before we continue, let's explain our
76three-stage installation.
77</p>
78
79</body>
80</subsection> 102<subsection>
81<subsection> 103<title>A Stage1 Approach</title>
82<title>The Three Stages</title>
83<body> 104<body>
84 105
85<p>
86Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
87The one you choose depends on how much of the system you want to compile
88yourself. The <e>stage1</e> tarball is used when you want to bootstrap and
89build the entire system from scratch. The <e>stage2</e> tarball is used for
90building the entire system from a bootstrapped &quot;semi-compiled&quot; state.
91The <e>stage3</e> tarball already contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has
92been built for you. As we will explain later, you can also install
93Gentoo without compiling anything (except your kernel and some optional
94packages). If you want this, you have to use a <e>stage3</e> tarball.
95</p> 106<p>
96 107A <e>stage1</e> is used when you want to bootstrap and build the entire system
108from scratch.
97<p> 109</p>
98Now what stage do you have to choose? 110
99</p> 111<p>
100
101<p>
102Starting from a <e>stage1</e> allows you to have total control over the 112Starting from a stage1 allows you to have total control over the
103optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is 113optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is
104initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for 114initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for
105power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great 115power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great
106installation method for those who would like to know more about the 116installation method for those who would like to know more about the
107inner workings of Gentoo Linux. 117inner workings of Gentoo Linux.
132 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti> 142 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti>
133</tr> 143</tr>
134<tr> 144<tr>
135 <th>-</th> 145 <th>-</th>
136 <ti> 146 <ti>
137 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is probably a waste of time 147 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is a waste of time
148 </ti>
149</tr>
150<tr>
151 <th>-</th>
152 <ti>
153 Requires a working Internet connection during the installation
138 </ti> 154 </ti>
139</tr> 155</tr>
140</table> 156</table>
141 157
158</body>
159</subsection>
160<subsection>
161<title>A Stage2 Approach</title>
162<body>
163
164<p>
165A <e>stage2</e> is used for building the entire system from a bootstrapped
166"semi-compiled" state.
142<p> 167</p>
168
169<p>
143<e>Stage2</e> installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process and doing this 170Stage2 installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process; doing this
144is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose 171is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose
145for your particular <e>stage2</e> tarball. 172for your particular stage2 tarball.
146</p> 173</p>
147 174
148<table> 175<table>
149<tr> 176<tr>
150 <th>Stage2</th> 177 <th>Stage2</th>
166 <th>-</th> 193 <th>-</th>
167 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti> 194 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti>
168</tr> 195</tr>
169<tr> 196<tr>
170 <th>-</th> 197 <th>-</th>
171 <ti>It's not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti> 198 <ti>It's still not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
172</tr> 199</tr>
173<tr> 200<tr>
174 <th>-</th> 201 <th>-</th>
175 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti> 202 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti>
176</tr> 203</tr>
204<tr>
205 <th>-</th>
206 <ti>
207 Requires a working Internet connection during the installation
208 </ti>
209</tr>
177</table> 210</table>
178 211
212</body>
213</subsection>
214<subsection>
215<title>A Stage3 Approach</title>
216<body>
217
218<p>
219A <e>stage3</e> installation contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has been
220built for you. You will only need to build a few packages of which we can't
221decide for you which one to choose.
179<p> 222</p>
223
224<p>
180Choosing to go with a <e>stage3</e> allows for the fastest install of Gentoo 225Choosing to go with a stage3 allows for the fastest install of Gentoo
181Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization 226Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization
182settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings 227settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings
183and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining 228and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining
184stability). <e>stage3</e> is also required if you want to install Gentoo using 229stability). Stage3 is also required if you want to install Gentoo using
185prebuilt packages. 230prebuilt packages or without a network connection.
186</p> 231</p>
187 232
188<table> 233<table>
189<tr> 234<tr>
190 <th>Stage3</th> 235 <th>Stage3</th>
196</tr> 241</tr>
197<tr> 242<tr>
198 <th>-</th> 243 <th>-</th>
199 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti> 244 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti>
200</tr> 245</tr>
201<tr>
202 <th>-</th>
203 <ti>You cannot brag about having used stage1 or stage2</ti>
204</tr>
205</table> 246</table>
206 247
207<p> 248<p>
208Write down (or remember) what stage you want to use. You need this later when
209you decide what LiveCD (or other installation medium) you want to use. You might
210be interested to know that, if you decide to use different optimization settings 249You might be interested to know that, if you decide to use different
211after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to recompile your entire system 250optimization settings after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to
212with the new optimization settings. 251recompile your entire system with the new optimization settings.
213</p>
214
215<p> 252</p>
216Now take a look at the available installation media.
217</p>
218 253
219</body> 254</body>
220</subsection>
221<subsection> 255</subsection>
222<title>Gentoo LiveCDs</title> 256</section>
257<section>
258<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
259<subsection>
260<title>Introduction</title>
223<body> 261<body>
224 262
225<p> 263<p>
226The <e>Gentoo LiveCDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a 264The <e>Gentoo Installation CDs</e> are bootable CDs which contain a
227self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD. 265self-sustained Gentoo environment. They allow you to boot Linux from the CD.
228During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers 266During the boot process your hardware is detected and the appropriate drivers
229are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers. 267are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
230</p> 268</p>
231 269
232<p> 270<p>
233All LiveCDs allow you to boot, setup networking, initialize your 271All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
234partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. However, some 272partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide
235LiveCDs also contain all necessary source code so you are able to install 273two Installation CDs which are equaly suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
236Gentoo without a working network configuration. 274as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the latest
237</p> 275version of the available packages.
238
239<p> 276</p>
240Now what do these LiveCDs contain? 277
241</p> 278<p>
279If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
280the installation instructions described in the <uri
281link="2005.1/index.xml">Gentoo 2005.1 Handbooks</uri>.
282</p>
242 283
284<p>
285The two Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
286</p>
287
288<ul>
289 <li>
290 The Gentoo <e>Minimal</e> Installation CD, a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD
291 which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
292 continue with the Gentoo installation.
293 </li>
294 <li>
295 The Gentoo <e>Universal</e> Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same
296 abilities as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains a
297 stage1 and several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual
298 subarchitectures).
299 </li>
300</ul>
301
302<p>
303We currently only provide Installation CDs for the sparc64 architecture. Users
304of sparc32 can use the experimental netboot images to install Gentoo from.
305More information about netbooting can be found in our <uri
306link="/doc/en/gentoo-sparc-netboot-howto.xml">Gentoo/SPARC Netboot
307HOWTO</uri>.
308</p>
309
310<p>
311To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
312major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
313</p>
314
243</body> 315</body>
244</subsection>
245<subsection> 316</subsection>
317<subsection>
246<title>Gentoo's Minimal LiveCD</title> 318<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title>
247<body> 319<body>
248 320
249<p> 321<p>
250This is a small, no-nonsense, bootable CD which sole purpose is to boot the 322The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-sparc64-minimal-2005.1.iso</c>
251system, prepare the networking and continue with the Gentoo installation. It 323and takes up only 130 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to
252does not contain any stages (or, in some cases, a single stage1 file), 324install Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only.
253source code or precompiled packages. For example the sparc64 variant of this
254LiveCD can be found in the <path>sparc64/</path> subdirectory and is called
255<c>install-sparc64-minimal-2004.0.iso</c>.
256</p> 325</p>
257 326
258<table> 327<table>
259<tr> 328<tr>
260 <th>Minimal LiveCD</th> 329 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
261 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 330 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
262</tr> 331</tr>
263<tr> 332<tr>
264 <th>+</th> 333 <th>+</th>
265 <ti>Smallest download</ti> 334 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
266</tr>
267<tr>
268 <th>+</th>
269 <ti>Suitable for a complete architecture</ti>
270</tr> 335</tr>
271<tr> 336<tr>
272 <th>+</th> 337 <th>+</th>
273 <ti> 338 <ti>
274 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the 339 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the
276 </ti> 341 </ti>
277</tr> 342</tr>
278<tr> 343<tr>
279 <th>-</th> 344 <th>-</th>
280 <ti> 345 <ti>
281 Contains no stages, no portage snapshot, no GRP packages and therefore not 346 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
282 suitable for networkless installation 347 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
283 </ti> 348 </ti>
284</tr> 349</tr>
285</table> 350</table>
286 351
287</body> 352</body>
288</subsection> 353</subsection>
289<subsection> 354<subsection>
290<title>Gentoo's Universal LiveCD</title> 355<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
291<body> 356<body>
292 357
293<p>
294Gentoo's Universal LiveCD is a bootable CD suitable to install Gentoo without
295networking. It contains a stage1 and stage3 tarballs (optimized for the
296sparc architecture). For example the sparc64 variant of this CD is called
297<c>install-sparc64-universal-2004.0.iso</c> and can be found in the
298<path>sparc64/</path> subdirectory.
299</p> 358<p>
300 359The Universal Installation CD is called
301<p> 360<c>install-sparc-universal-2005.1.iso</c> and consumes the entire surface of a
302If you take a closer look into the directories you will see 361650 MB CD. You can use this Installation CD to install
303that we provide a <e>Gentoo Package CD</e>. This CD (which isn't 362Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working internet
304bootable) only contains precompiled packages and can be used to install software 363connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another PC than the one you
305after a succesfull Gentoo Installation. To install Gentoo, you only 364are currently installing Gentoo on :)
306need the Universal LiveCD, but if you want OpenOffice.org, Mozilla, KDE, GNOME
307etc. without having to compile every single one of them, you need the Packages
308CD too. Such a Packages CD for sparc64 is called
309<c>packages-sparc64-2004.0.iso</c>.
310</p> 365</p>
311 366
312<table> 367<table>
313<tr> 368<tr>
314 <th>Universal LiveCD with Packages CD</th> 369 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
315 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 370 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
316</tr>
317<tr>
318 <th>+</th>
319 <ti>Packages CD is optimized to your architecture and subarchitecture</ti>
320</tr>
321<tr>
322 <th>+</th>
323 <ti>
324 Packages CD provides precompiled packages for fast Gentoo installations
325 </ti>
326</tr> 371</tr>
327<tr> 372<tr>
328 <th>+</th> 373 <th>+</th>
329 <ti> 374 <ti>
330 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network 375 Contains everything you need. You can even install without a network
337</tr> 382</tr>
338</table> 383</table>
339 384
340</body> 385</body>
341</subsection> 386</subsection>
387<subsection>
388<title>Other CDs</title>
389<body>
390
391<p>
392You might find a so-called <e>Package CD</e> on one of our mirrors. This CD is
393no Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
394networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (the so-called GRP set)
395that allows you to easily and quickly install additional applications (such as
396OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless Gentoo
397installation.
398</p>
399
400</body>
401</subsection>
342</section> 402</section>
403<!-- STOP -->
343<section> 404<section>
344<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo LiveCD</title> 405<title>Download, Burn and Boot a Gentoo Installation CD</title>
345<subsection> 406<subsection>
346<title>Downloading and Burning the LiveCDs</title> 407<title>Downloading and Burning the Installation CDs</title>
347<body> 408<body>
348 409
349<p>
350You have chosen to use a Gentoo LiveCD (if not, then you are reading the
351wrong section). We'll first start by downloading and burning the chosen
352LiveCD. We previously discussed the several available LiveCDs, but where can you
353find them?
354</p> 410<p>
355 411You have chosen to use a Gentoo Installation CD. We'll first start by
412downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
413the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
356<p> 414</p>
357Visit one of our <uri 415
358link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri> and go to
359<path>releases/sparc/2004.0/livecd/sparc64</path> where the LiveCD(s) of
360your choice are located. Inside that directory you'll find so-called ISO-files.
361Those are full CD images which you can write on a CD-R.
362</p> 416<p>
363 417You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages
418CD as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
419Installation CDs are located in the
420<path>releases/sparc/2005.1/installcd/sparc64</path> directory.
364<p> 421</p>
422
423<p>
424Inside that directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images
425which you can write on a CD-R.
426</p>
427
428<p>
365In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can 429In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check its
366check its MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 430MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
367<path>install-sparc64-minimal-2004.0.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 431<path>install-sparc64-minimal-2005.1.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5
368checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 432checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
369link="http://www.md5summer.org">md5summer</uri> for Windows. 433link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
434</p>
435
370</p> 436<p>
437Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
438verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
439<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
440</p>
441
442<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
443$ <i>gpg --keyserver pgp.mit.edu --recv-keys 17072058</i>
444</pre>
445
446<p>
447Now verify the signature:
448</p>
449
450<pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature">
451$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i>
452</pre>
371 453
372<p> 454<p>
373To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you 455To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
374do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss a couple of popular 456do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
375tools on how to do this. 457<c>K3B</c> here; more information can be found in our <uri
458link="/doc/en/faq.xml#isoburning">Gentoo FAQ</uri>.
376</p> 459</p>
377 460
378<ul> 461<ul>
379 <li> 462 <li>
380 With EasyCD Creator you select <c>File</c>, <c>Record CD 463 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
381 from CD image</c>. Then you change the <c>Files of type</c> to <c>ISO image 464 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device
382 file</c>. Then locate the ISO file and click <c>Open</c>. When you click on 465 path).
383 <c>Start recording</c> the ISO image will be burned correctly onto the CD-R.
384 </li> 466 </li>
385 <li> 467 <li>
386 With Nero Burning ROM, select <c>File</c>, <c>Burn CD image</c>. Set the
387 type of file to <c>*.*</c> and select the ISO file. Older versions of Nero
388 will tell you they don't recognize the format -- confirm here, it does
389 recognize it but doesn't know it yet :) In the next dialog, set the
390 following parameters:
391 <ul>
392 <li>Type of image: <c>Data Mode 1</c></li>
393 <li>Block size: <c>2048 bytes</c></li>
394 <li>File precursor and length of the image trailer: <c>0 bytes</c></li>
395 <li>Scrambled: <c>no</c></li>
396 <li>Swapped: <c>no</c></li>
397 </ul>
398 Now click on <c>OK</c> and then <c>Burn</c> (the CD-R)
399 </li>
400 <li>
401 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc</c> (replace
402 <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device path) followed
403 by the path to the ISO file :)
404 </li>
405 <li>
406 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. The 468 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then
407 under the 'Image to Burn' area, locate the ISO file. Finally click 469 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click
408 <c>Start</c>. 470 <c>Start</c>.
409 </li> 471 </li>
410</ul> 472</ul>
411 473
412</body> 474</body>
413</subsection> 475</subsection>
414<subsection> 476<subsection>
415<title>Booting the SPARC LiveCD</title> 477<title>Booting the Installation CD</title>
416<body> 478<body>
417 479
418<p> 480<p>
419Insert the Gentoo LiveCD in the CD-ROM and boot your system. During startup, 481Insert the Gentoo Installation CD in the CD-ROM and boot your system. During
420press Stop-A to enter OpenBootPROM (OBP). Once you are in the OBP, boot from the 482startup, press Stop-A to enter OpenBootPROM (OBP). Once you are in the OBP,
421CD-ROM: 483boot from the CD-ROM:
422</p> 484</p>
423 485
424<pre caption="Booting the LiveCD"> 486<pre caption="Booting the Installation CD">
425ok <i>boot cdrom</i> 487ok <i>boot cdrom</i>
426</pre> 488</pre>
427 489
428<p> 490<p>
429You will be greeted by the SILO boot manager (on the LiveCD). Type in 491You will be greeted by the SILO boot manager (on the Installation CD). Type in
430<c>gentoo</c> (single-CPU kernel) or <c>smp</c> (multi-CPU kernel) and press 492<c>gentoo-2.4</c> and press enter to continue booting the
431enter to continue booting the system. In the following example we'll boot the 493system:
432<c>gentoo</c> kernel.
433</p> 494</p>
434 495
435<pre caption="Continue booting from the LiveCD"> 496<pre caption="Continue booting from the Installation CD">
436boot: <i>gentoo</i> 497boot: <i>gentoo-2.4</i>
437</pre> 498</pre>
438 499
439<p>
440Once the LiveCD is booted, you will be greeted by a login prompt. Log on as
441<c>root</c>. There is no password, so when you are asked for one, press Enter.
442</p> 500<p>
443 501Once the Installation CD is booted, you will be automatically logged on to the
444<pre caption="Logging on onto the LiveCD"> 502system.
445login: <i>root</i>
446password: <comment>(Press Enter here)</comment>
447</pre> 503</p>
448 504
449<p> 505<p>
450You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch 506You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch
451to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you 507to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you
452started on by pressing Alt-F1. 508started on by pressing Alt-F1. You will also find a root prompt on the serial
509console (<path>ttyS0</path>).
453</p> 510</p>
454 511
455<p> 512<p>
456Continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>. 513Continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>.
457</p> 514</p>
476# <i>modprobe 8139too</i> 533# <i>modprobe 8139too</i>
477</pre> 534</pre>
478 535
479</body> 536</body>
480</subsection> 537</subsection>
481<subsection> 538<subsection id="useraccounts">
482<title>Optional: Tweaking Hard Disk Performance</title>
483<body>
484
485<p>
486If you are an advanced user, you might want to tweak the IDE hard disk
487performance using <c>hdparm</c>. With the <c>-tT</c> options you can
488test the performance of your disk (execute it several times to get a
489more precise impression):
490</p>
491
492<pre caption="Testing disk performance">
493# <i>hdparm -tT /dev/hda</i>
494</pre>
495
496<p>
497To tweak, you can use any of the following examples (or experiment
498yourself) which use <path>/dev/hda</path> as disk (substitute with your
499disk):
500</p>
501
502<pre caption="Tweaking hard disk performance">
503<comment>Activate DMA:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 /dev/hda</i>
504<comment>Activate DMA + Safe Performance-enhancing Options:</comment> # <i>hdparm -d 1 -A 1 -m 16 -u 1 -a 64 /dev/hda</i>
505</pre>
506
507</body>
508</subsection>
509<subsection>
510<title>Optional: User Accounts</title> 539<title>Optional: User Accounts</title>
511<body> 540<body>
512 541
513<p> 542<p>
514If you plan on giving other people access to your installation 543If you plan on giving other people access to your installation
526New password: <comment>(Enter your new password)</comment> 555New password: <comment>(Enter your new password)</comment>
527Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter your password)</comment> 556Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter your password)</comment>
528</pre> 557</pre>
529 558
530<p> 559<p>
531To create a user account, we first enter his/her credentials, followed by 560To create a user account, we first enter their credentials, followed by
532its password. We use <c>useradd</c> and <c>passwd</c> for these tasks. 561its password. We use <c>useradd</c> and <c>passwd</c> for these tasks.
533In the next example, we create a user called &quot;john&quot;. 562In the next example, we create a user called &quot;john&quot;.
534</p> 563</p>
535 564
536<pre caption="Creating a user account"> 565<pre caption="Creating a user account">
537# <i>useradd john</i> 566# <i>useradd -m -G users john</i>
538# <i>passwd john</i> 567# <i>passwd john</i>
539New password: <comment>(Enter john's password)</comment> 568New password: <comment>(Enter john's password)</comment>
540Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter john's password)</comment> 569Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter john's password)</comment>
541</pre> 570</pre>
542 571
544You can change your user id from root to the newly created user by using 573You can change your user id from root to the newly created user by using
545<c>su</c>: 574<c>su</c>:
546</p> 575</p>
547 576
548<pre caption="Changing user id"> 577<pre caption="Changing user id">
549# <i>su john -</i> 578# <i>su - john</i>
579</pre>
580
581</body>
582</subsection>
583<subsection>
584<title>Optional: Viewing Documentation while Installing</title>
585<body>
586
587<p>
588If you want to view the Gentoo Handbook (either from-CD or online) during the
589installation, make sure you have created a user account (see <uri
590link="#useraccounts">Optional: User Accounts</uri>). Then press <c>Alt-F2</c> to
591go to a new terminal and log in.
550</pre> 592</p>
593
594<p>
595If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run
596<c>links2</c> to read it:
597</p>
598
599<pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation">
600# <i>links2 /mnt/cdrom/docs/handbook/html/index.html</i>
601</pre>
602
603<p>
604However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be
605more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>links2</c>
606as well, but only after having completed the <e>Configuring your Network</e>
607chapter (otherwise you won't be able to go on the Internet to view the
608document):
609</p>
610
611<pre caption="Viewing the Online Documentation">
612# <i>links2 http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/handbook/handbook-sparc.xml</i>
613</pre>
614
615<p>
616You can go back to your original terminal by pressing <c>Alt-F1</c>.
617</p>
551 618
552</body> 619</body>
553</subsection> 620</subsection>
554<subsection> 621<subsection>
555<title>Optional: Starting the SSH Daemon</title> 622<title>Optional: Starting the SSH Daemon</title>
570<pre caption="Starting the SSH daemon"> 637<pre caption="Starting the SSH daemon">
571# <i>/etc/init.d/sshd start</i> 638# <i>/etc/init.d/sshd start</i>
572</pre> 639</pre>
573 640
574<p> 641<p>
575To be able to use sshd, you first need to setup your networking. Continue with 642To be able to use sshd, you first need to set up your networking. Continue with
576the chapter on <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=3">Configuring your Network</uri>. 643the chapter on <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=3">Configuring your Network</uri>.
577</p> 644</p>
578 645
579</body> 646</body>
580</subsection> 647</subsection>

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