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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-sparc-medium.xml,v 1.33 2005/08/09 09:43:58 swift Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-sparc-medium.xml,v 1.40 2005/11/29 14:48:47 jkt Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>2.3</version> 11<version>2.8</version>
12<date>2005-08-09</date> 12<date>2005-11-29</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
60</subsection> 60</subsection>
61</section> 61</section>
62<!-- Copy/Paste from hb-install-x86-medium.xml --> 62<!-- Copy/Paste from hb-install-x86-medium.xml -->
63<!-- Warning: The part originally contains "x86" --> 63<!-- Warning: The part originally contains "x86" -->
64<!-- START --> 64<!-- START -->
65<section>
66<title>The Gentoo Installation Approaches</title>
67<subsection>
68<title>Introduction</title>
69<body>
70
71<p>
72Gentoo Linux can be installed using one of three <e>stage</e> tarball files.
73A stage file is a tarball (compressed archive) that contains a minimal
74environment.
75</p>
76
77<ul>
78 <li>
79 A stage1 file contains nothing more than a compiler, Portage (Gentoo's
80 software management system) and a couple of packages on which the compiler
81 or Portage depends.
82 </li>
83 <li>
84 A stage2 file contains a so-called bootstrapped system, a minimal
85 environment from which one can start building all other necessary
86 applications that make a Gentoo environment complete.
87 </li>
88 <li>
89 A stage3 file contains a prebuilt minimal system which is almost fully
90 deployable. It only lacks a few applications where you, the Gentoo user,
91 needs to choose which one you want to install.
92 </li>
93</ul>
94
95<p>
96To help you decide what stage file you want to use, we have written down the
97major advantages and disadvantages of each stage file.
98</p>
99
100</body>
101</subsection>
102<subsection>
103<title>A Stage1 Approach</title>
104<body>
105
106<p>
107A <e>stage1</e> is used when you want to bootstrap and build the entire system
108from scratch.
109</p>
110
111<p>
112Starting from a stage1 allows you to have total control over the
113optimization settings and optional build-time functionality that is
114initially enabled on your system. This makes <e>stage1</e> installs good for
115power users who know what they are doing. It is also a great
116installation method for those who would like to know more about the
117inner workings of Gentoo Linux.
118</p>
119
120<table>
121<tr>
122 <th>Stage1</th>
123 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
124</tr>
125<tr>
126 <th>+</th>
127 <ti>
128 Allows you to have total control over the optimization settings and optional
129 build-time functionality that is initially enabled on your system
130 </ti>
131</tr>
132<tr>
133 <th>+</th>
134 <ti>Suitable for powerusers that know what they are doing</ti>
135</tr>
136<tr>
137 <th>+</th>
138 <ti>Allows you to learn more about the inner workings of Gentoo</ti>
139</tr>
140<tr>
141 <th>-</th>
142 <ti>Takes a long time to finish the installation</ti>
143</tr>
144<tr>
145 <th>-</th>
146 <ti>
147 If you don't intend to tweak the settings, it is a waste of time
148 </ti>
149</tr>
150<tr>
151 <th>-</th>
152 <ti>
153 Requires a working Internet connection during the installation
154 </ti>
155</tr>
156</table>
157
158</body>
159</subsection>
160<subsection>
161<title>A Stage2 Approach</title>
162<body>
163
164<p>
165A <e>stage2</e> is used for building the entire system from a bootstrapped
166"semi-compiled" state.
167</p>
168
169<p>
170Stage2 installs allow you to skip the bootstrap process; doing this
171is fine if you are happy with the optimization settings that we chose
172for your particular stage2 tarball.
173</p>
174
175<table>
176<tr>
177 <th>Stage2</th>
178 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
179</tr>
180<tr>
181 <th>+</th>
182 <ti>You don't need to bootstrap</ti>
183</tr>
184<tr>
185 <th>+</th>
186 <ti>Faster than starting with stage1</ti>
187</tr>
188<tr>
189 <th>+</th>
190 <ti>You can still tweak your settings</ti>
191</tr>
192<tr>
193 <th>-</th>
194 <ti>You cannot tweak as much as with a stage1</ti>
195</tr>
196<tr>
197 <th>-</th>
198 <ti>It's still not the fastest way to install Gentoo</ti>
199</tr>
200<tr>
201 <th>-</th>
202 <ti>You have to accept the optimizations we chose for the bootstrap</ti>
203</tr>
204<tr>
205 <th>-</th>
206 <ti>
207 Requires a working Internet connection during the installation
208 </ti>
209</tr>
210</table>
211
212</body>
213</subsection>
214<subsection>
215<title>A Stage3 Approach</title>
216<body>
217
218<p>
219A <e>stage3</e> installation contains a basic Gentoo Linux system that has been
220built for you. You will only need to build a few packages of which we can't
221decide for you which one to choose.
222</p>
223
224<p>
225Choosing to go with a stage3 allows for the fastest install of Gentoo
226Linux, but also means that your base system will have the optimization
227settings that we chose for you (which to be honest, are good settings
228and were carefully chosen to enhance performance while maintaining
229stability). Stage3 is also required if you want to install Gentoo using
230prebuilt packages or without a network connection.
231</p>
232
233<table>
234<tr>
235 <th>Stage3</th>
236 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
237</tr>
238<tr>
239 <th>+</th>
240 <ti>Fastest way to get a Gentoo base system</ti>
241</tr>
242<tr>
243 <th>-</th>
244 <ti>You cannot tweak the base system - it's built already</ti>
245</tr>
246</table>
247
248<p>
249You might be interested to know that, if you decide to use different
250optimization settings after having installed Gentoo, you will be able to
251recompile your entire system with the new optimization settings.
252</p>
253
254</body>
255</subsection>
256</section>
257<section> 65<section>
258<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title> 66<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
259<subsection> 67<subsection>
260<title>Introduction</title> 68<title>Introduction</title>
261<body> 69<body>
291 which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and 99 which sole purpose is to boot the system, prepare the networking and
292 continue with the Gentoo installation. 100 continue with the Gentoo installation.
293 </li> 101 </li>
294 <li> 102 <li>
295 The Gentoo <e>Universal</e> Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same 103 The Gentoo <e>Universal</e> Installation CD, a bootable CD with the same
296 abilities as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains a 104 abilities as the Minimal Installation CD. Additionally, it contains
297 stage1 and several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual 105 several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual subarchitectures).
298 subarchitectures).
299 </li> 106 </li>
300</ul> 107</ul>
301 108
302<p> 109<p>
303We currently only provide Installation CDs for the sparc64 architecture. Users 110We currently only provide Installation CDs for the sparc64 architecture. Users
317<subsection> 124<subsection>
318<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title> 125<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title>
319<body> 126<body>
320 127
321<p> 128<p>
322The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-sparc64-minimal-2005.1.iso</c> 129The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-sparc64-minimal-2005.1-r1.iso</c>
323and takes up only 130 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to 130and takes up only 32 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to
324install Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only. 131install Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only.
325</p> 132</p>
326 133
327<table> 134<table>
328<tr> 135<tr>
332<tr> 139<tr>
333 <th>+</th> 140 <th>+</th>
334 <ti>Smallest download</ti> 141 <ti>Smallest download</ti>
335</tr> 142</tr>
336<tr> 143<tr>
337 <th>+</th>
338 <ti>
339 You can do a stage1, stage2 or stage3 by getting the stage tarball off the
340 net
341 </ti>
342</tr>
343<tr>
344 <th>-</th> 144 <th>-</th>
345 <ti> 145 <ti>
346 Contains no stages, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is 146 Contains no stage3 tarball, no Portage snapshot, no prebuilt packages and is
347 therefore not suitable for networkless installation 147 therefore not suitable for networkless installation
348 </ti> 148 </ti>
349</tr> 149</tr>
350</table> 150</table>
351 151
354<subsection> 154<subsection>
355<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title> 155<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
356<body> 156<body>
357 157
358<p> 158<p>
359The Universal Installation CD is called 159The Universal Installation CD is called
360<c>install-sparc-universal-2005.1.iso</c> and consumes the entire surface of a 160<c>install-sparc-universal-2005.1-r1.iso</c> and use 525 MB. You can use this
361650 MB CD. You can use this Installation CD to install 161Installation CD to install Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo
362Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo without a working internet 162without a working internet connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to
363connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to another PC than the one you 163another PC than the one you are currently installing Gentoo on :)
364are currently installing Gentoo on :)
365</p> 164</p>
366 165
367<table> 166<table>
368<tr> 167<tr>
369 <th>Universal Installation CD</th> 168 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
387<subsection> 186<subsection>
388<title>Other CDs</title> 187<title>Other CDs</title>
389<body> 188<body>
390 189
391<p> 190<p>
392You might find a so-called <e>Package CD</e> on one of our mirrors. This CD is 191You might find a <e>Package CD</e> on one of our mirrors. This CD is not an
393no Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a 192Installation CD but an additional resource that can be exploited during a
394networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (the so-called GRP set) 193networkless installation. It contains prebuilt packages (also known as the GRP
395that allows you to easily and quickly install additional applications (such as 194set) that allow you to easily and quickly install additional applications
396OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless Gentoo 195(such as OpenOffice.org, KDE, GNOME, ...) immediately after the networkless
397installation. 196Gentoo installation.
197</p>
198
199<p>
200If you intend to use the Packages CD to quickly install additional software,
201make sure that you use the same subarchitecture as the stage3 tarball you use.
202</p>
203
204</body>
205</subsection>
206<subsection>
207<title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
208<body>
209
210<p>
211A stage3 tarball is an archive containing a minimal Gentoo environment, suitable
212to continue the Gentoo installation using the instructions in this manual.
213Previously, the Gentoo Handbook described the installation using one of three
214stage tarballs. While Gentoo still offers stage1 and stage2 tarballs, the
215official installation method uses the stage3 tarball. If you are interested in
216performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
217the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
218Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
398</p> 219</p>
399 220
400</body> 221</body>
401</subsection> 222</subsection>
402</section> 223</section>
415 236
416<p> 237<p>
417You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages 238You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages
418CD as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The 239CD as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The
419Installation CDs are located in the 240Installation CDs are located in the
420<path>releases/sparc/2005.1/installcd/sparc64</path> directory. 241<path>releases/sparc/2005.1-r1/sparc64/installcd</path> directory.
421</p>
422
423<p> 242</p>
243
244<p>
424Inside that directory you'll find so-called ISO-files. Those are full CD images 245Inside that directory you'll find ISO-files. Those are full CD images which you
425which you can write on a CD-R. 246can write on a CD-R.
426</p> 247</p>
427 248
428<p> 249<p>
429In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check its 250In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check its
430MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 251MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as
431<path>install-sparc64-minimal-2005.1.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5 252<path>install-sparc64-minimal-2005.1-r1.iso.md5</path>). You can check the MD5
432checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 253checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
433link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. 254link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows.
434</p> 255</p>
435 256
436<p> 257<p>
438verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with 259verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
439<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key: 260<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key:
440</p> 261</p>
441 262
442<pre caption="Obtaining the public key"> 263<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
443$ <i>gpg --keyserver pgp.mit.edu --recv-keys 17072058</i> 264$ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 17072058</i>
444</pre> 265</pre>
445 266
446<p> 267<p>
447Now verify the signature: 268Now verify the signature:
448</p> 269</p>

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