/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-sparc-medium.xml
Gentoo

Diff of /xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-sparc-medium.xml

Parent Directory Parent Directory | Revision Log Revision Log | View Patch Patch

Revision 1.42 Revision 1.57
2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE sections SYSTEM "/dtd/book.dtd">
3 3
4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 4<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 --> 5<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
6 6
7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-sparc-medium.xml,v 1.42 2006/08/30 22:52:28 nightmorph Exp $ --> 7<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/handbook/hb-install-sparc-medium.xml,v 1.57 2013/08/10 13:23:50 swift Exp $ -->
8 8
9<sections> 9<sections>
10 10
11<version>7.0</version> 11<version>17</version>
12<date>2006-08-30</date> 12<date>2013-08-10</date>
13 13
14<section> 14<section>
15<title>Hardware Requirements</title> 15<title>Hardware Requirements</title>
16<subsection> 16<subsection>
17<title>Introduction</title> 17<title>Introduction</title>
38 </ti> 38 </ti>
39</tr> 39</tr>
40<tr> 40<tr>
41 <th>CPU</th> 41 <th>CPU</th>
42 <ti> 42 <ti>
43 We currently only support sparc64 CPUs 43 We currently only support SPARC64 CPUs
44 </ti> 44 </ti>
45</tr> 45</tr>
46<tr> 46<tr>
47 <th>Memory</th> 47 <th>Memory</th>
48 <ti>64 MB</ti> 48 <ti>64 MB</ti>
58</table> 58</table>
59 59
60</body> 60</body>
61</subsection> 61</subsection>
62</section> 62</section>
63<!-- Copy/Paste from hb-install-x86-medium.xml --> 63
64<!-- Warning: The part originally contains "x86" -->
65<!-- START --> 64<!-- START -->
66<section> 65<section>
67<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title> 66<title>The Gentoo Installation CDs</title>
68<subsection> 67<subsection>
69<title>Introduction</title> 68<title>Introduction</title>
76are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers. 75are loaded. They are maintained by Gentoo developers.
77</p> 76</p>
78 77
79<p> 78<p>
80All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your 79All Installation CDs allow you to boot, set up networking, initialize your
81partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet. We currently provide 80partitions and start installing Gentoo from the Internet.
82two Installation CDs which are equaly suitable to install Gentoo from, as long
83as you're planning on performing an Internet-based installation using the latest
84version of the available packages.
85</p>
86
87<p> 81</p>
82<!--
83<impo>
88If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use 84If you wish to install Gentoo without a working Internet connection, please use
89the installation instructions described in the <uri 85the installation instructions described in the <uri
90link="2006.1/index.xml">Gentoo 2006.1 Handbooks</uri>. 86link="2008.0/index.xml">Gentoo 2008.0 Handbooks</uri>.
91</p> 87</impo>
92 88-->
89<!--
93<p> 90<p>
94The two Installation CDs that we currently provide are: 91The two Installation CDs that we currently provide are:
95</p> 92</p>
96 93
97<ul> 94<ul>
106 several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual subarchitectures). 103 several stage3 tarballs (optimized for the individual subarchitectures).
107 </li> 104 </li>
108</ul> 105</ul>
109 106
110<p> 107<p>
111We currently only provide Installation CDs for the sparc64 architecture. Users
112of sparc32 can use the experimental netboot images to install Gentoo from.
113More information about netbooting can be found in our <uri
114link="/doc/en/gentoo-sparc-netboot-howto.xml">Gentoo/SPARC Netboot
115HOWTO</uri>.
116</p>
117
118<p>
119To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the 108To help you decide which Installation CD you need, we have written down the
120major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD. 109major advantages and disadvantages of each Installation CD.
121</p> 110</p>
122 111-->
123</body> 112</body>
124</subsection>
125<subsection> 113</subsection>
114<subsection>
126<title>Gentoo's Minimal Installation CD</title> 115<title>Gentoo Minimal Installation CD</title>
127<body> 116<body>
128 117
129<p>
130The Minimal Installation CD is called <c>install-sparc64-minimal-2006.1.iso</c>
131and takes up only 32 MB of diskspace. You can use this Installation CD to
132install Gentoo, but always with a working Internet connection only.
133</p> 118<p>
134 119The Minimal Installation CD is called <c><keyval id="min-cd-name"/></c> and
120takes up around <keyval id="min-cd-size"/> MB of diskspace. You can use this
121Installation CD to install Gentoo, but <e>only</e> with a working Internet
122connection.
123</p>
124<!--
135<table> 125<table>
136<tr> 126<tr>
137 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th> 127 <th>Minimal Installation CD</th>
138 <th>Pros and Cons</th> 128 <th>Pros and Cons</th>
139</tr> 129</tr>
156<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title> 146<title>Gentoo's Universal Installation CD</title>
157<body> 147<body>
158 148
159<p> 149<p>
160The Universal Installation CD is called 150The Universal Installation CD is called
161<c>install-sparc64-universal-2006.1.iso</c> and uses 287 MB. You can use this 151<c>install-sparc64-universal-2008.0.iso</c> and uses 295 MB. You can use this
162Installation CD to install Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo 152Installation CD to install Gentoo, and you can even use it to install Gentoo
163without a working internet connection, just in case you want to bring Gentoo to 153without a working internet connection.
164another PC than the one you are currently installing Gentoo on :)
165</p> 154</p>
166 155
167<table> 156<table>
168<tr> 157<tr>
169 <th>Universal Installation CD</th> 158 <th>Universal Installation CD</th>
179<tr> 168<tr>
180 <th>-</th> 169 <th>-</th>
181 <ti>Huge download</ti> 170 <ti>Huge download</ti>
182</tr> 171</tr>
183</table> 172</table>
184 173-->
174<!--
185</body> 175</body>
186</subsection> 176</subsection>
187<subsection> 177<subsection>
188<title>Other CDs</title> 178<title>Other CDs</title>
189<body> 179<body>
199 189
200<p> 190<p>
201If you intend to use the Packages CD to quickly install additional software, 191If you intend to use the Packages CD to quickly install additional software,
202make sure that you use the same subarchitecture as the stage3 tarball you use. 192make sure that you use the same subarchitecture as the stage3 tarball you use.
203</p> 193</p>
204 194-->
205</body> 195</body>
206</subsection> 196</subsection>
207<subsection> 197<subsection>
208<title>The Stage3 Tarball</title> 198<title>The Stage3 Tarball</title>
209<body> 199<body>
217performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read 207performing a Gentoo installation using a stage1 or stage2 tarball, please read
218the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo 208the Gentoo FAQ on <uri link="/doc/en/faq.xml#stage12">How do I Install Gentoo
219Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri> 209Using a Stage1 or Stage2 Tarball?</uri>
220</p> 210</p>
221 211
212<p>
213Stage3 tarballs can be downloaded from <path><keyval
214id="release-dir"/>current-stage3/</path> on any of the <uri
215link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">Official Gentoo Mirrors</uri> and are not provided
216on the LiveCD.
217</p>
218
219</body>
220</subsection>
221<subsection>
222<title>TFTPBoot image</title>
223<body>
224
225<p>
226If you can't use a CD, or prefer booting over an IP network, there're also
227TFTPBoot images available on our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>
228under <path>experimental/sparc/tftpboot/sparc64/</path>.
229</p>
230
231<p>
232For setting up a netboot server, please read the <uri
233link="/doc/en/gentoo-sparc-netboot-howto.xml">Gentoo/SPARC Netboot
234HOWTO</uri>.
235</p>
236
222</body> 237</body>
223</subsection> 238</subsection>
224</section> 239</section>
225<!-- STOP --> 240<!-- STOP -->
226<section> 241<section>
234downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed 249downloading and burning the chosen Installation CD. We previously discussed
235the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them? 250the several available Installation CDs, but where can you find them?
236</p> 251</p>
237 252
238<p> 253<p>
239You can download any of the Installation CDs (and, if you want to, a Packages 254You can download any of the Installation CDs from one of our <uri
240CD as well) from one of our <uri link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The 255link="/main/en/mirrors.xml">mirrors</uri>. The Installation CDs are located in
241Installation CDs are located in the 256the <path><keyval id="release-dir"/>current-iso/</path> directory.
242<path>releases/sparc/2006.1/sparc64/installcd</path> directory.
243</p>
244
245<p> 257</p>
258
259<p>
246Inside that directory you'll find ISO-files. Those are full CD images which you 260Inside that directory you'll find ISO files. Those are full CD images which you
247can write on a CD-R. 261can write on a CD-R.
248</p> 262</p>
249 263
250<p> 264<p>
251In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check its 265In case you wonder if your downloaded file is corrupted or not, you can check
252MD5 checksum and compare it with the MD5 checksum we provide (such as 266its SHA-2 checksum and compare it with the SHA-2 checksum we provide (such as
253<path>install-sparc64-minimal-2006.1.iso.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the MD5 267<path><keyval id="min-cd-name"/>.DIGESTS</path>). You can check the SHA-2
254checksum with the <c>md5sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri 268checksum with the <c>sha512sum</c> tool under Linux/Unix or <uri
255link="http://www.etree.org/md5com.html">md5sum</uri> for Windows. 269link="http://www.sinf.gr/en/hashcalc.html">Checksums calculator</uri> for Windows.
270</p>
271
272<pre caption="Verifying the SHA-2 checksum">
273$ <i>sha512sum -c &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS&gt;</i>
256</p> 274</pre>
275
276<note>
277If you get the message that no properly formatted SHA checksum was found, take a
278look at the DIGESTS file yourself to see what the supported checksums are.
279</note>
257 280
258<p> 281<p>
259Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to 282Another way to check the validity of the downloaded file is to use GnuPG to
260verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with 283verify the cryptographic signature that we provide (the file ending with
261<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public key: 284<path>.asc</path>). Download the signature file and obtain the public keys whose
285key ids can be found on the <uri link="/proj/en/releng/index.xml">release
286engineering project site</uri>.
262</p> 287</p>
263 288
264<pre caption="Obtaining the public key"> 289<pre caption="Obtaining the public key">
290<comment>(... Substitute the key ids with those mentioned on the release engineering site ...)</comment>
265$ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 17072058</i> 291$ <i>gpg --keyserver subkeys.pgp.net --recv-keys 96D8BF6D 2D182910 17072058</i>
266</pre> 292</pre>
267 293
268<p> 294<p>
269Now verify the signature: 295Now verify the signature:
270</p> 296</p>
271 297
272<pre caption="Verify the cryptographic signature"> 298<pre caption="Verify the files">
273$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;signature file&gt; &lt;downloaded iso&gt;</i> 299$ <i>gpg --verify &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
300$ <i>sha512sum -c &lt;downloaded iso.DIGESTS.asc&gt;</i>
274</pre> 301</pre>
275 302
276<p> 303<p>
277To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you 304To burn the downloaded ISO(s), you have to select raw-burning. How you
278do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and 305do this is highly program-dependent. We will discuss <c>cdrecord</c> and
285 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso 312 With cdrecord, you simply type <c>cdrecord dev=/dev/hdc &lt;downloaded iso
286 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device 313 file&gt;</c> (replace <path>/dev/hdc</path> with your CD-RW drive's device
287 path). 314 path).
288 </li> 315 </li>
289 <li> 316 <li>
290 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>CD</c> &gt; <c>Burn Image</c>. Then 317 With K3B, select <c>Tools</c> &gt; <c>Burn CD Image</c>. Then you can locate
291 you can locate your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click 318 your ISO file within the 'Image to Burn' area. Finally click <c>Start</c>.
292 <c>Start</c>.
293 </li> 319 </li>
294</ul> 320</ul>
295 321
296</body> 322</body>
297</subsection> 323</subsection>
308<pre caption="Booting the Installation CD"> 334<pre caption="Booting the Installation CD">
309ok <i>boot cdrom</i> 335ok <i>boot cdrom</i>
310</pre> 336</pre>
311 337
312<p> 338<p>
313You will be greeted by the SILO boot manager (on the Installation CD). Type in 339You will be greeted by the SILO boot manager (on the Installation CD). You can
314<c>gentoo</c> and press enter to continue booting the 340hit Enter for more help if you want. Type in <c>gentoo</c> and press enter to
315system: 341continue booting the system:
316</p> 342</p>
317 343
318<pre caption="Continue booting from the Installation CD"> 344<pre caption="Continue booting from the Installation CD">
319boot: <i>gentoo</i> 345boot: <i>gentoo</i>
320</pre> 346</pre>
323Once the Installation CD is booted, you will be automatically logged on to the 349Once the Installation CD is booted, you will be automatically logged on to the
324system. 350system.
325</p> 351</p>
326 352
327<p> 353<p>
328You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console and can also switch 354You should have a root ("#") prompt on the current console. You will also find a
329to other consoles by pressing Alt-F2, Alt-F3 and Alt-F4. Get back to the one you 355root prompt on the serial console (<path>ttyS0</path>).
330started on by pressing Alt-F1. You will also find a root prompt on the serial
331console (<path>ttyS0</path>).
332</p> 356</p>
333 357
334<p> 358<p>
335Continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>. 359Continue with <uri link="#hardware">Extra Hardware Configuration</uri>.
336</p> 360</p>
337 361
338</body> 362</body>
339</subsection> 363</subsection>
340<subsection id="hardware">
341<title>Extra Hardware Configuration</title>
342<body>
343 364
344<p>
345If not all hardware is supported out-of-the-box, you will need to load the
346appropriate kernel modules.
347</p>
348
349<p>
350In the next example we try to load the <c>8139too</c> module (support for
351certain kinds of network interfaces):
352</p>
353
354<pre caption="Loading kernel modules">
355# <i>modprobe 8139too</i>
356</pre>
357
358</body>
359</subsection> 365<subsection>
360<subsection id="useraccounts"> 366<include href="hb-install-bootconfig.xml"/>
361<title>Optional: User Accounts</title>
362<body>
363
364<p>
365If you plan on giving other people access to your installation
366environment or you want to chat using <c>irssi</c> without root privileges (for
367security reasons), you need to create the necessary user accounts and change
368the root password.
369</p>
370
371<p>
372To change the root password, use the <c>passwd</c> utility:
373</p>
374
375<pre caption="Changing the root password">
376# <i>passwd</i>
377New password: <comment>(Enter your new password)</comment>
378Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter your password)</comment>
379</pre>
380
381<p>
382To create a user account, we first enter their credentials, followed by
383its password. We use <c>useradd</c> and <c>passwd</c> for these tasks.
384In the next example, we create a user called &quot;john&quot;.
385</p>
386
387<pre caption="Creating a user account">
388# <i>useradd -m -G users john</i>
389# <i>passwd john</i>
390New password: <comment>(Enter john's password)</comment>
391Re-enter password: <comment>(Re-enter john's password)</comment>
392</pre>
393
394<p>
395You can change your user id from root to the newly created user by using
396<c>su</c>:
397</p>
398
399<pre caption="Changing user id">
400# <i>su - john</i>
401</pre>
402
403</body>
404</subsection>
405<subsection> 367</subsection>
406<title>Optional: Viewing Documentation while Installing</title>
407<body>
408 368
409<p>
410If you want to view the Gentoo Handbook (either from-CD or online) during the
411installation, make sure you have created a user account (see <uri
412link="#useraccounts">Optional: User Accounts</uri>). Then press <c>Alt-F2</c> to
413go to a new terminal and log in.
414</p>
415
416<p>
417If you want to view the documentation on the CD you can immediately run
418<c>links</c> to read it:
419</p>
420
421<pre caption="Viewing the on-CD documentation">
422# <i>links /mnt/cdrom/docs/handbook/html/index.html</i>
423</pre>
424
425<p>
426However, it is preferred that you use the online Gentoo Handbook as it will be
427more recent than the one provided on the CD. You can view it using <c>links</c>
428as well, but only after having completed the <e>Configuring your Network</e>
429chapter (otherwise you won't be able to go on the Internet to view the
430document):
431</p>
432
433<pre caption="Viewing the Online Documentation">
434# <i>links http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/handbook/handbook-sparc.xml</i>
435</pre>
436
437<p>
438You can go back to your original terminal by pressing <c>Alt-F1</c>.
439</p>
440
441</body>
442</subsection>
443<subsection>
444<title>Optional: Starting the SSH Daemon</title>
445<body>
446
447<p>
448If you want to allow other users to access your computer during the
449Gentoo installation (perhaps because those users are going to help you
450install Gentoo, or even do it for you), you need to create a user
451account for them and perhaps even provide them with your root password
452(<e>only</e> do that <e>if</e> you <b>fully trust</b> that user).
453</p>
454
455<p>
456To fire up the SSH daemon, execute the following command:
457</p>
458
459<pre caption="Starting the SSH daemon">
460# <i>/etc/init.d/sshd start</i>
461</pre>
462
463<p>
464To be able to use sshd, you first need to set up your networking. Continue with
465the chapter on <uri link="?part=1&amp;chap=3">Configuring your Network</uri>.
466</p>
467
468</body>
469</subsection>
470</section> 369</section>
471</sections> 370</sections>

Legend:
Removed from v.1.42  
changed lines
  Added in v.1.57

  ViewVC Help
Powered by ViewVC 1.1.20