/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/ltsp.xml
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6<author title="Author"> 6<author title="Author">
7 <mail link="lanius@gentoo.org">Heinrich Wendel</mail> 7 <mail link="lanius@gentoo.org">Heinrich Wendel</mail>
8</author> 8</author>
9<author title="Author"> 9<author title="Author">
10 <mail link="josiah@ritchietribe.net">Josiah Ritchie</mail> 10 <mail link="josiah@ritchietribe.net">Josiah Ritchie</mail>
11</author> 11</author>
12<author title="Editor"> 12<author title="Editor">
13 <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail> 13 <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail>
14</author> 14</author>
15 15
16<license/> 16<license/>
17 17
18<abstract> 18<abstract>
19This guide shows you how to setup a LTSP Server with Gentoo. 19This guide shows you how to setup a LTSP Server with Gentoo.
20</abstract> 20</abstract>
21<version>1.1</version> 21<version>1.2</version>
22<date>26 July 2003</date> 22<date>October 11, 2003</date>
23<chapter> 23<chapter>
24<title>Introduction</title> 24<title>Introduction</title>
25<section> 25<section>
26<title>What is LTSP?</title> 26<title>What is LTSP?</title>
27<body> 27<body>
28<p> 28<p>
29LTSP is an abbreviation for "Linux Terminal Server Project". Installed 29LTSP is an abbreviation for "Linux Terminal Server Project". Installed
30on a server it can supply many workstations (so called thin-clients) 30on a server it can supply many workstations (so called thin-clients)
31with identical environments. All applications run on the server and 31with identical environments. All applications run on the server and
32therefore you can use old PCs and convert them into XTerminals. This 32therefore you can use old PCs and convert them into XTerminals. This
33reduces costs and maintenance especially in an environment where you 33reduces costs and maintenance especially in an environment where you
34need to have an uniform workspace on each computer you login, e.g. in 34need to have an uniform workspace on each computer you login, e.g. in
35schools or firms. 35schools or firms.
36</p> 36</p>
37</body> 37</body>
141<pre caption="Starting nfs"> 141<pre caption="Starting nfs">
142# <i>rc-update add nfs default</i> 142# <i>rc-update add nfs default</i>
143# <i>/etc/init.d/nfs start</i> 143# <i>/etc/init.d/nfs start</i>
144</pre> 144</pre>
145 145
146</body> 146</body>
147</section> 147</section>
148 148
149<section> 149<section>
150<title>xinetd/tftp</title> 150<title>xinetd/tftp</title>
151<body> 151<body>
152 152
153<p> 153<p>
154By default TFTP won't be started, to change this edit 154By default TFTP won't be started, to change this edit
155<path>/etc/xinetd.d/tftp</path> and replace <c>disable=yes</c> with 155<path>/etc/xinetd.d/tftp</path> and replace <c>disable=yes</c> with
156<c>disable=no</c>. Afterwards, start xinitd. 156<c>disable=no</c>. Afterwards, start xinetd.
157</p> 157</p>
158 158
159<pre caption="Starting xinetd"> 159<pre caption="Starting xinetd">
160# <i>rc-update add xinetd default</i> 160# <i>rc-update add xinetd default</i>
161# <i>/etc/init.d/xinetd start</i> 161# <i>/etc/init.d/xinetd start</i>
162</pre> 162</pre>
163 163
164</body> 164</body>
165</section> 165</section>
166<section> 166<section>
167<title>Name resolving</title> 167<title>Name resolving</title>
168<body> 168<body>
169 169
170<p> 170<p>
171In order for the workstation to reach all resources, a correct name 171In order for the workstation to reach all resources, a correct name
245If your workstations support PXE, you should list each one of them as we 245If your workstations support PXE, you should list each one of them as we
246have done with <e>host ws001</e> (don't forget to uncomment it). Don't 246have done with <e>host ws001</e> (don't forget to uncomment it). Don't
247give them an adress in the dynamic range, otherwise it would be possible 247give them an adress in the dynamic range, otherwise it would be possible
248that more workstations have the same IP (which is troublesome). 248that more workstations have the same IP (which is troublesome).
249</p> 249</p>
250 250
251<p> 251<p>
252For more documentation on this item read the official dhcp handbook: 252For more documentation on this item read the official dhcp handbook:
253<uri>http://www.dhcp-handbook.com/</uri> 253<uri>http://www.dhcp-handbook.com/</uri>
254</p> 254</p>
255 255
256<p> 256<p>
257Now start DHCP as you did with NFS and xinetd: 257Now start DHCP as you did with NFS and xinetd:
258</p> 258</p>
259 259
260<pre caption="start xinetd"> 260<pre caption="start dhcp">
261# <i>rc-update add dhcp default</i> 261# <i>rc-update add dhcp default</i>
262# <i>/etc/init.d/dhcp start</i> 262# <i>/etc/init.d/dhcp start</i>
263</pre> 263</pre>
264 264
265<note> 265<note>
266Note: DHCPD needs CONFIG_PACKET and CONFIG_FILTER activated in the kernel to work. 266DHCPD needs CONFIG_PACKET and CONFIG_FILTER activated in the kernel to work.
267</note> 267</note>
268 268
269</body> 269</body>
270</section> 270</section>
271 271
272<section> 272<section>
273<title>LTSP Configuration</title> 273<title>LTSP Configuration</title>
274<body> 274<body>
275 275
276<p> 276<p>
277There are many options to configure your workstations, visit 277There are many options to configure your workstations, visit
278<uri>http://www.ltsp.org/documentation/ltsp-3.0-4-en.html#AEN903</uri> 278<uri>http://www.ltsp.org/documentation/ltsp-3.0-4-en.html#AEN903</uri>
279for a full description of <path>/opt/ltsp/i386/etc/lts.conf</path>. 279for a full description of <path>/opt/ltsp/i386/etc/lts.conf</path>.
280</p> 280</p>
281 281
323 323
324</body> 324</body>
325</section> 325</section>
326 326
327<section> 327<section>
328<title>Creating a bootfloppy</title> 328<title>Creating a bootfloppy</title>
329<body> 329<body>
330 330
331<p> 331<p>
332If you workstations don't support PXE booting, you must create a 332If you workstations don't support PXE booting, you must create a
333boot-floppy, which is needed to start your workstations. Go to 333boot-floppy, which is needed to start your workstations. Go to
334<uri>http://www.rom-o-matic.net/5.0.9/</uri>, select your NIC, press 334<uri>http://www.rom-o-matic.net/5.0.9/</uri>, select your NIC, press
335<e>Get ROM</e> and write the image to a floppy: 335<e>Get ROM</e> and write the image to a floppy:
336</p> 336</p>
337 337
338<pre caption="Write floppy iamge"> 338<pre caption="Write floppy image">
339# <i>cat nicfile.lzdsk > /dev/fd0</i> 339# <i>cat nicfile.lzdsk > /dev/fd0</i>
340</pre> 340</pre>
341 341
342</body> 342</body>
343</section> 343</section>
344</chapter> 344</chapter>
345 345
346<chapter> 346<chapter>
347<title>Troubleshooting</title> 347<title>Troubleshooting</title>
348<body> 348<body>
349 349
350<p> 350<p>
351There are a lot of things that can be the source of trouble, but there 351There are a lot of things that can be the source of trouble, but there
352are also several resources around which help you solve your problems: 352are also several resources around which help you solve your problems:
353</p> 353</p>
393<b>A:</b> Yes, take a look at 393<b>A:</b> Yes, take a look at
394<uri>http://ltsp.org/documentation/eproms.txt</uri> 394<uri>http://ltsp.org/documentation/eproms.txt</uri>
395and <uri>http://ltsp.org/documentation/pxe.howto.html</uri>. 395and <uri>http://ltsp.org/documentation/pxe.howto.html</uri>.
396</p> 396</p>
397 397
398<p> 398<p>
399<b>Q:</b> Is it possibly to use 3D-Accelerated software on the workstations? 399<b>Q:</b> Is it possibly to use 3D-Accelerated software on the workstations?
400</p> 400</p>
401 401
402<p> 402<p>
403<b>A:</b> If you are using NVidia cards take a look at 403<b>A:</b> If you are using NVidia cards take a look at
404<uri>http://ltsp.org/documentation/nvidia.txt</uri>. 404<uri>http://ltsp.org/documentation/nvidia.txt</uri>.
405</p> 405</p>
406 406
407<p> 407<p>
408<b>Q:</b> In some applications the fonts look crapy, what do to? 408<b>Q:</b> In some applications the fonts look crappy, what to do?
409</p>
410
411<p> 409</p>
410
411<p>
412<b>A:</b> You have to setup the XFontServer, Add <c>USE_XFS=Y</c> to your 412<b>A:</b> You have to setup the XFontServer, add <c>USE_XFS=Y</c> to your
413<path>lts.conf</path>, edit <path>/etc/X11/fs/config</path> and comment 413<path>lts.conf</path>, edit <path>/etc/X11/fs/config</path> and comment
414<c>no-listen: tcp</c> out, replace <c>XFS_PORT="-1"</c> with 414<c>no-listen: tcp</c> out, replace <c>XFS_PORT="-1"</c> with
415<c>XFS_PORT="7100"</c> in <path>/etc/conf.d/xfs</path> and start xfs: 415<c>XFS_PORT="7100"</c> in <path>/etc/conf.d/xfs</path> and start xfs:
416<c>/etc/init.d/xfs start</c>. 416<c>/etc/init.d/xfs start</c>.
417</p> 417</p>
418 418
419</body> 419</body>
420</chapter> 420</chapter>
421 421
422<chapter> 422<chapter>
423<title>Glossary</title> 423<title>Glossary</title>
424<body> 424<body>
425 425
426<p> 426<p>
427<b><a href="http://www.ltsp.org">LTSP</a></b> 427<b><uri link="http://www.ltsp.org">LTSP</uri></b>
428"The LTSP provides a simple way to utilize low cost workstations as either i 428"The LTSP provides a simple way to utilize low cost workstations as either
429graphical or character based terminals on a GNU/Linux server." 429graphical or character based terminals on a GNU/Linux server."
430</p> 430</p>
431 431
432<p> 432<p>
433<b><a href="http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/P/PXE.html">PXE</a></b> 433<b><uri link="http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/P/PXE.html">PXE</uri></b>
434"Short for Pre-Boot Execution Environment. Pronounced pixie, PXE is one of the 434"Short for Pre-Boot Execution Environment. Pronounced pixie, PXE is one of the
435components of Intel's WfM specification. It allows a workstation to boot from 435components of Intel's WfM specification. It allows a workstation to boot from
436a server on a network prior to booting the operating system on the local hard 436a server on a network prior to booting the operating system on the local hard
437drive. A PXE-enabled workstation connects its NIC to the LAN via a jumper, 437drive. A PXE-enabled workstation connects its NIC to the LAN via a jumper,
438which keeps the workstation connected to the network even when the power is 438which keeps the workstation connected to the network even when the power is
439off." 439off."
440</p> 440</p>
441 441
442</body> 442</body>
443</chapter> 443</chapter>
444</guide> 444</guide>

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