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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding="UTF-8"?>
2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/Attic/ltsp.xml,v 1.5 2003/12/12 15:07:11 swift Exp $ --> 2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/Attic/ltsp.xml,v 1.6 2004/02/19 15:10:02 swift Exp $ -->
3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
4 4
5<guide link="/doc/en/ltsp.xml"> 5<guide link="/doc/en/ltsp.xml">
6<title>Gentoo - LTSP Guide</title> 6<title>Gentoo - LTSP Guide</title>
7<author title="Author"> 7<author title="Author">
8 <mail link="lanius@gentoo.org">Heinrich Wendel</mail> 8 <mail link="lanius@gentoo.org">Heinrich Wendel</mail>
9</author> 9</author>
10<author title="Author"> 10<author title="Author">
11 <mail link="josiah@ritchietribe.net">Josiah Ritchie</mail> 11 <mail link="josiah@ritchietribe.net">Josiah Ritchie</mail>
12</author> 12</author>
13<author title="Editor"> 13<author title="Editor">
14 <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail> 14 <mail link="swift@gentoo.org">Sven Vermeulen</mail>
15</author> 15</author>
16 16
17<license/>
18
19<abstract> 17<abstract>
20This guide shows you how to setup a LTSP Server with Gentoo. 18This guide shows you how to setup a LTSP Server with Gentoo.
21</abstract> 19</abstract>
20
21<license/>
22
22<version>1.3</version> 23<version>1.3</version>
23<date>December 11, 2003</date> 24<date>December 11, 2003</date>
24<chapter> 25<chapter>
25<title>Introduction</title> 26<title>Introduction</title>
26<section> 27<section>
27<title>What is LTSP?</title> 28<title>What is LTSP?</title>
28<body> 29<body>
29<p> 30<p>
30LTSP is an abbreviation for "Linux Terminal Server Project". Installed 31LTSP is an abbreviation for "Linux Terminal Server Project". Installed
31on a server it can supply many workstations (so called thin-clients) 32on a server it can supply many workstations (so called thin-clients)
32with identical environments. All applications run on the server and 33with identical environments. All applications run on the server and
33therefore you can use old PCs and convert them into XTerminals. This 34therefore you can use old PCs and convert them into XTerminals. This
34reduces costs and maintenance especially in an environment where you 35reduces costs and maintenance especially in an environment where you
35need to have an uniform workspace on each computer you login, e.g. in 36need to have an uniform workspace on each computer you login, e.g. in
36schools or firms. 37schools or firms.
84<li><b>TFTP</b>: TFTP is a simple file transfer protocol, used by ltsp 85<li><b>TFTP</b>: TFTP is a simple file transfer protocol, used by ltsp
85to transfer the kernel to the workstations.</li> 86to transfer the kernel to the workstations.</li>
86<li><b>XINETD</b>: Xinetd is a powerful replacement for inetd, with 87<li><b>XINETD</b>: Xinetd is a powerful replacement for inetd, with
87advanced features, used by ltsp to start tftp.</li> 88advanced features, used by ltsp to start tftp.</li>
88</ul> 89</ul>
89 90
90<note> 91<note>
91If you have the kde/gnome useflag set, it will also install a complete kde/gnome system. 92If you have the kde/gnome useflag set, it will also install a complete kde/gnome system.
92</note> 93</note>
93 94
94</body> 95</body>
95</section> 96</section>
96</chapter> 97</chapter>
97<chapter> 98<chapter>
98<title>Configuration</title> 99<title>Configuration</title>
100<section>
99<body> 101<body>
100 102
101<p> 103<p>
102After the emerge process has finished all services must be configured: 104After the emerge process has finished all services must be configured:
103</p> 105</p>
104 106
105</body> 107</body>
108</section>
106<section> 109<section>
107<title>System Logger</title> 110<title>System Logger</title>
108<body> 111<body>
109 112
110<p> 113<p>
111To analyze problems easier, the system logger must be configured to 114To analyze problems easier, the system logger must be configured to
112accept remote connections. Please read the documentation of your 115accept remote connections. Please read the documentation of your
113system logger on how to achieve this. 116system logger on how to achieve this.
114</p> 117</p>
115 118
116</body> 119</body>
117</section> 120</section>
118<section> 121<section>
119<title>NFS</title> 122<title>NFS</title>
120<body> 123<body>
346boot-floppy, which is needed to start your workstations. Go to 349boot-floppy, which is needed to start your workstations. Go to
347<uri>http://www.rom-o-matic.net/5.0.9/</uri>, select your NIC, press 350<uri>http://www.rom-o-matic.net/5.0.9/</uri>, select your NIC, press
348<e>Get ROM</e> and write the image to a floppy: 351<e>Get ROM</e> and write the image to a floppy:
349</p> 352</p>
350 353
351<pre caption="Write floppy image"> 354<pre caption="Write floppy image">
352# <i>cat nicfile.lzdsk > /dev/fd0</i> 355# <i>cat nicfile.lzdsk > /dev/fd0</i>
353</pre> 356</pre>
354 357
355</body> 358</body>
356</section> 359</section>
357</chapter> 360</chapter>
358 361
359<chapter> 362<chapter>
360<title>Troubleshooting</title> 363<title>Troubleshooting</title>
364<section>
361<body> 365<body>
362 366
363<p> 367<p>
364There are a lot of things that can be the source of trouble, but there 368There are a lot of things that can be the source of trouble, but there
365are also several resources around which help you solve your problems: 369are also several resources around which help you solve your problems:
366</p> 370</p>
367 371
368<ul> 372<ul>
369<li>The official documentation: 373<li>The official documentation:
370<uri>http://www.ltsp.org/documentation/</uri>, especially the 374<uri>http://www.ltsp.org/documentation/</uri>, especially the
371Troubleshooting section.</li> 375Troubleshooting section.</li>
372<li>The gentoo IRC channel: irc.freenode.org #gentoo</li> 376<li>The gentoo IRC channel: irc.freenode.org #gentoo</li>
373<li>The ltsp irc channel: irc.freenode.org #ltsp</li> 377<li>The ltsp irc channel: irc.freenode.org #ltsp</li>
374<li>The ltsp mailinglists <uri>http://ltsp.org/mailinglists.php</uri> 378<li>The ltsp mailinglists <uri>http://ltsp.org/mailinglists.php</uri>
375are full of some real good knowledge.</li> 379are full of some real good knowledge.</li>
376</ul> 380</ul>
377</body> 381</body>
382</section>
378</chapter> 383</chapter>
379 384
380<chapter> 385<chapter>
381<title>FAQ</title> 386<title>FAQ</title>
387<section>
382<body> 388<body>
383<p> 389<p>
384<b>Q:</b> My workstations have Pentium II CPUs, but my server is compiled 390<b>Q:</b> My workstations have Pentium II CPUs, but my server is compiled
385with <c>march=athlon-xp</c>, does this work? 391with <c>march=athlon-xp</c>, does this work?
386</p> 392</p>
387 393
388<p> 394<p>
389<b>A:</b> This is no problem, because all applications run on the server. 395<b>A:</b> This is no problem, because all applications run on the server.
390</p> 396</p>
391 397
392<p> 398<p>
393<b>Q:</b> Which CPU and how much RAM should the server have? 399<b>Q:</b> Which CPU and how much RAM should the server have?
394</p> 400</p>
395 401
396<p> 402<p>
427<c>no-listen: tcp</c> out, replace <c>XFS_PORT="-1"</c> with 433<c>no-listen: tcp</c> out, replace <c>XFS_PORT="-1"</c> with
428<c>XFS_PORT="7100"</c> in <path>/etc/conf.d/xfs</path> and start xfs: 434<c>XFS_PORT="7100"</c> in <path>/etc/conf.d/xfs</path> and start xfs:
429<c>/etc/init.d/xfs start</c>. 435<c>/etc/init.d/xfs start</c>.
430</p> 436</p>
431 437
432<p> 438<p>
433<b>Q: </b> How can I use the soundcard of my workstation? 439<b>Q: </b> How can I use the soundcard of my workstation?
434</p> 440</p>
435 441
436<p> 442<p>
437<b>A: </b> There is a ltsp-sound package in gentoo, for more instructions read 443<b>A: </b> There is a ltsp-sound package in gentoo, for more instructions read
438the included <path>README</path> file. 444the included <path>README</path> file.
439</p> 445</p>
440 446
441</body> 447</body>
448</section>
442</chapter> 449</chapter>
443 450
444<chapter> 451<chapter>
445<title>Glossary</title> 452<title>Glossary</title>
453<section>
446<body> 454<body>
447 455
448<p> 456<p>
449<b><uri link="http://www.ltsp.org">LTSP</uri></b> 457<b><uri link="http://www.ltsp.org">LTSP</uri></b>
450"The LTSP provides a simple way to utilize low cost workstations as either 458"The LTSP provides a simple way to utilize low cost workstations as either
451graphical or character based terminals on a GNU/Linux server." 459graphical or character based terminals on a GNU/Linux server."
452</p> 460</p>
453 461
454<p> 462<p>
455<b><uri link="http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/P/PXE.html">PXE</uri></b> 463<b><uri link="http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/P/PXE.html">PXE</uri></b>
456"Short for Pre-Boot Execution Environment. Pronounced pixie, PXE is one of the 464"Short for Pre-Boot Execution Environment. Pronounced pixie, PXE is one of the
457components of Intel's WfM specification. It allows a workstation to boot from 465components of Intel's WfM specification. It allows a workstation to boot from
458a server on a network prior to booting the operating system on the local hard 466a server on a network prior to booting the operating system on the local hard
459drive. A PXE-enabled workstation connects its NIC to the LAN via a jumper, 467drive. A PXE-enabled workstation connects its NIC to the LAN via a jumper,
460which keeps the workstation connected to the network even when the power is 468which keeps the workstation connected to the network even when the power is
461off." 469off."
462</p> 470</p>
463 471
464</body> 472</body>
473</section>
465</chapter> 474</chapter>
466</guide> 475</guide>

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