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1<?xml version = '1.0' encoding = 'UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/quick-samba-howto.xml,v 1.37 2007/12/01 11:30:40 neysx Exp $ -->
2<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 3<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
4
3<guide link="quick-samba-howto.xml"> 5<guide link="/doc/en/quick-samba-howto.xml">
6
4<title>Gentoo Samba3/CUPS/clamav HOWTO</title> 7<title>Gentoo Samba3/CUPS/ClamAV HOWTO</title>
8
5<author title="Author"> 9<author title="Author">
6 <mail link="daff at dword dot org">Andreas "daff" Ntaflos</mail> 10 <mail>Andreas "daff" Ntaflos</mail><!--daff at dword dot org-->
7</author> 11</author>
8<author title="Author"> 12<author title="Author">
9 <mail link="joshua@sungentoo.homeunix.com">Joshua Preston</mail> 13 <mail link="joshua@sungentoo.homeunix.com">Joshua Preston</mail>
10</author> 14</author>
15<author title="Editor">
16 <mail link="nightmorph@gentoo.org">Joshua Saddler</mail>
17</author>
11 18
12<abstract> 19<abstract>
13Setup, install and configure a Samba Server under Gentoo that shares 20Setup, install and configure a Samba Server under Gentoo that shares files,
14files, printers without the need to install drivers and provides 21printers without the need to install drivers and provides automatic virus
15automatic virus scanning. 22scanning.
16</abstract> 23</abstract>
17 24
18<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 25<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
19<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/1.0 --> 26<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
20<license/> 27<license/>
21 28
22<version>1.1</version> 29<version>1.23</version>
23<date>May 09, 2004</date> 30<date>2007-12-01</date>
24 31
25<chapter> 32<chapter>
26<title>Introduction to this HOWTO</title> 33<title>Introduction to this HOWTO</title>
27<section> 34<section>
28<title>Purpose</title> 35<title>Purpose</title>
29<body> 36<body>
30 37
31<p> 38<p>
32This HOWTO is designed to help you move a network from many different 39This HOWTO is designed to help you move a network from many different clients
33clients speaking different languages, to many different manchines that 40speaking different languages, to many different machines that speak a common
34speak a common language. The ultimate goal is to help differing 41language. The ultimate goal is to help differing architectures and technologies,
35architechures and technologies, come together in a productive, 42come together in a productive, happily coexisting environment.
36happily coexistant environment.
37</p>
38
39<p> 43</p>
44
45<p>
40Following the directions outlined in this HOWTO should give you an 46Following the directions outlined in this HOWTO should give you an excellent
41excellent step towards a peaceful cohabitation between Windows, and 47step towards a peaceful cohabitation between Windows, and virtually all known
42virtually all known variations of *nix. 48variations of *nix.
43</p>
44
45<p> 49</p>
50
51<p>
46This HOWTO originally started not as a HOWTO, but as a FAQ. It was 52This HOWTO originally started not as a HOWTO, but as a FAQ. It was intended to
47intended to explore the functionality and power of the Gentoo system, 53explore the functionality and power of the Gentoo system, portage and the
48portage and the flexibility of USE flags. Like so many other projects, 54flexibility of USE flags. Like so many other projects, it was quickly discovered
49it was quickly discovered what was missing in the Gentoo realm: there 55what was missing in the Gentoo realm: there weren't any Samba HOWTO's catered
50weren't any Samba HOWTO's catered for Gentoo users. These users are 56for Gentoo users. These users are more demanding than most; they require
51more demanding than most; they require performance, flexibility and 57performance, flexibility and customization. This does not however imply that
52customization. This does not however imply that this HOWTO was not
53intended for other distributions; rather that it was designed to work 58this HOWTO was not intended for other distributions; rather that it was designed
54with a highly customized version of Samba. 59to work with a highly customized version of Samba.
55</p>
56
57<p> 60</p>
61
62<p>
58This HOWTO will describe how to share files and printers between Windows 63This HOWTO will describe how to share files and printers between Windows PCs and
59PCs and *nix PCs. It will also demonstrate the use of the VFS (Virtual 64*nix PCs. It will also demonstrate the use of the VFS (Virtual File System)
60File System) feature of Samba to incorporate automatic virus protection. 65feature of Samba to incorporate automatic virus protection. As a finale, it will
61As a finale, it will show you how to mount and manipulate shares. 66show you how to mount and manipulate shares.
62</p>
63
64<p> 67</p>
68
69<p>
65There are a few topics that will be mentioned, but are out of the 70There are a few topics that will be mentioned, but are out of the scope of this
66scope of this HOWTO. These will be noted as they are presented. 71HOWTO. These will be noted as they are presented.
67</p>
68
69<p> 72</p>
73
74<p>
70This HOWTO is based on a compilation and merge of an excellent HOWTO 75This HOWTO is based on a compilation and merge of an excellent HOWTO provided
71provided in the <uri link="http://forums.gentoo.org">Gentoo forums</uri> 76in the <uri link="http://forums.gentoo.org">Gentoo forums</uri> by Andreas
72by Andreas "daff" Ntaflos and the collected knowledge of Joshua Preston. 77"daff" Ntaflos and the collected knowledge of Joshua Preston. The link to this
73The link to this discussion is provided below for your reference: 78discussion is provided below for your reference:
74</p> 79</p>
75 80
76<ul> 81<ul>
77 <li> 82 <li>
78 <uri link="http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic.php?t=110931">HOWTO 83 <uri link="http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic.php?t=110931">HOWTO
79 CUPS+Samba: printing from Windows &amp; Linux</uri> 84 CUPS+Samba: printing from Windows &amp; Linux</uri>
80 </li> 85 </li>
81</ul> 86</ul>
82 87
83</body> 88</body>
85<section> 90<section>
86<title>Before you use this guide</title> 91<title>Before you use this guide</title>
87<body> 92<body>
88 93
89<p> 94<p>
90There are a several other guides for setting up CUPS and/or Samba, 95There are a several other guides for setting up CUPS and/or Samba, please read
91please read them as well, as they may tell you things left out of this 96them as well, as they may tell you things left out of this HOWTO (intentional or
92HOWTO (intentional or otherwise). One such document is the very useful 97otherwise). One such document is the very useful and well written <uri
93and well written <uri link="http://www.gentoo.org/doc/en/printing-howto.xml">Gentoo 98link="/doc/en/printing-howto.xml">Gentoo Printing Guide</uri>, as configuration
94Printing Guide</uri>, as configuration issues and specific printer setup 99issues and specific printer setup is not discussed here.
95is not discussed here.
96</p> 100</p>
97 101
98</body> 102</body>
99</section> 103</section>
100<section> 104<section>
101<title>Brief Overview</title> 105<title>Brief Overview</title>
102<body> 106<body>
103 107
104<p> 108<p>
105After presenting the various USE flags, the following list will outline 109After presenting the various USE flags, the following list will outline all of
106all of the topics covered as they are presented: 110the topics covered as they are presented:
107</p> 111</p>
108 112
109<ul> 113<ul>
110 <li>On the Samba server: 114 <li>On the Samba server:
111 <ul> 115 <ul>
112 <li>Install and configure CLAM-AV</li> 116 <li>Install and configure ClamAV</li>
113 <li>Install and configure Samba</li> 117 <li>Install and configure Samba</li>
114 <li>Install and configure CUPS</li> 118 <li>Install and configure CUPS</li>
115 <li>Adding the printer to CUPS</li> 119 <li>Adding the printer to CUPS</li>
116 <li>Adding the PS drivers for the Windows clients</li> 120 <li>Adding the PS drivers for the Windows clients</li>
117 </ul> 121 </ul>
141We will need the following: 145We will need the following:
142</p> 146</p>
143 147
144<ul> 148<ul>
145 <li>net-fs/samba</li> 149 <li>net-fs/samba</li>
146 <li>net-mail/clamav</li> 150 <li>app-antivirus/clamav</li>
147 <li>net-print/cups</li> 151 <li>net-print/cups</li>
148 <li>net-print/foomatic</li> 152 <li>net-print/foomatic</li>
149 <li>net-print/hpijs (if you have an HP printer)</li> 153 <li>net-print/hplip (if you have an HP printer)</li>
150 <li>A kernel of sorts (preferably 2.4.24+ or 2.6.x)</li> 154 <li>A kernel of sorts (2.6)</li>
151 <li>A printer (PS or non-PS, maybe not TOO new or fancy)</li> 155 <li>A printer (PS or non-PS, maybe not TOO new or fancy)</li>
152 <li> 156 <li>
153 A working network (home/office/etc) consisting of more than one machine) 157 A working network (home/office/etc) consisting of more than one machine)
154 </li> 158 </li>
155</ul> 159</ul>
156 160
157<p> 161<p>
158The main package we use here is net-fs/samba, however, you will need 162The main package we use here is net-fs/samba, however, you will need a kernel
159a kernel with smbfs support enabled in order to mount a samba or windows 163with cifs support enabled in order to mount a samba or windows share from
160share from another computer. CUPS will be emerged if it is not already. 164another computer. CUPS will be emerged if it is not already.
161net-mail/clamav will be used also, but others should be easily adapted 165app-antivirus/clamav will be used also, but others should be easily adapted to
162to work with Samba. 166work with Samba. Gentoo's samba ebuild supports all kinds of virus scanning
167technologies, such as Sophos, FProt, Fsav, Trend, Icap, Nai, ...
163</p> 168</p>
164 169
165</body> 170</body>
166</section> 171</section>
167</chapter> 172</chapter>
173
168<chapter> 174<chapter>
169<title>Getting acquainted with Samba</title> 175<title>Getting acquainted with Samba</title>
170<section> 176<section>
171<title>The USE Flags</title> 177<title>The USE Flags</title>
172<body> 178<body>
173 179
174<p> 180<p>
175Before emerging anything, take a look at the various USE flags 181Before emerging anything, take a look at some of the various USE flags available
176available to Samba. 182to Samba.
177</p> 183</p>
178 184
179<pre caption="Samba uses the following USE Variables:"> 185<pre caption="Samba uses the following USE Variables:">
180kerberos mysql xml acl cups ldap pam readline python oav 186kerberos acl cups ldap pam readline python oav
181</pre> 187</pre>
182 188
183<p> 189<p>
184Depending on the network topology and the specific requirements of 190Depending on the network topology and the specific requirements of the server,
185the server, the USE flags outlined below will define what to include or 191the USE flags outlined below will define what to include or exclude from the
186exclude from the emerging of Samba. 192emerging of Samba.
187</p> 193</p>
188 194
189<table> 195<table>
190<tr> 196<tr>
191 <th><b>USE flag</b></th> 197 <th><b>USE flag</b></th>
192 <th>Description</th> 198 <th>Description</th>
193</tr> 199</tr>
194<tr> 200<tr>
195 <th><b>kerberos</b></th> 201 <th><b>kerberos</b></th>
196 <ti> 202 <ti>
197 Include support for Kerberos. The server will need this if it is 203 Include support for Kerberos. The server will need this if it is intended
198 intended to join an existing domain or Active Directory. See the note 204 to join an existing domain or Active Directory. See the note below for more
199 below for more information. 205 information.
200 </ti>
201</tr>
202<tr>
203 <th><b>mysql</b></th>
204 <ti>
205 This will allow Samba to use MySQL in order to do password authentication.
206 It will store ACLs, usernames, passwords, etc in a database versus a
207 flat file. If Samba is needed to do password authentication, such as
208 acting as a password validation server or a Primary Domain Controller
209 (PDC).
210 </ti>
211</tr>
212<tr>
213 <th><b>xml</b></th>
214 <ti>
215 The xml USE option for Samba provides a password database backend allowing
216 Samba to store account details in XML files, for the same reasons listed in
217 the mysql USE flag description.
218 </ti> 206 </ti>
219</tr> 207</tr>
220<tr> 208<tr>
221 <th><b>acl</b></th> 209 <th><b>acl</b></th>
222 <ti> 210 <ti>
223 Enables Access Control Lists. The ACL support in Samba uses a patched 211 Enables Access Control Lists. The ACL support in Samba uses a patched
224 ext2/ext3, or SGI's XFS in order to function properly as it extends more 212 ext2/ext3, or SGI's XFS in order to function properly as it extends more
225 detailed access to files or directories; much more so than typical *nix 213 detailed access to files or directories; much more so than typical *nix
226 GID/UID schemas. 214 GID/UID schemas.
227 </ti> 215 </ti>
228</tr> 216</tr>
229<tr> 217<tr>
230 <th><b>cups</b></th> 218 <th><b>cups</b></th>
231 <ti> 219 <ti>
232 This enables support for the Common Unix Printing System. This 220 This enables support for the Common Unix Printing System. This provides an
233 provides an interface allowing local CUPS printers to be shared to 221 interface allowing local CUPS printers to be shared to other systems in the
234 other systems in the network. 222 network.
235 </ti> 223 </ti>
236</tr> 224</tr>
237<tr> 225<tr>
238 <th><b>ldap</b></th> 226 <th><b>ldap</b></th>
239 <ti> 227 <ti>
240 Enables the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP). If Samba is 228 Enables the Lightweight Directory Access Protocol (LDAP). If Samba is
241 expected to use Active Directory, this option must be used. This would 229 expected to use Active Directory, this option must be used. This would be
242 be used in the event Samba needs to login to or provide login to 230 used in the event Samba needs to login to or provide login to a
243 a Domain/Active Directory Server. The kerberos USE flag is needed for 231 Domain/Active Directory Server. The kerberos USE flag is needed for proper
244 proper functioning of this option. 232 functioning of this option.
245 </ti> 233 </ti>
246</tr> 234</tr>
247<tr> 235<tr>
248 <th><b>pam</b></th> 236 <th><b>pam</b></th>
249 <ti> 237 <ti>
250 Include support for pluggable authentication modules (PAM). This 238 Include support for pluggable authentication modules (PAM). This provides
251 provides the ability to authenticate users on the Samba Server, which is 239 the ability to authenticate users on the Samba Server, which is required if
252 required if users have to login to your server. The kerberos USE flag 240 users have to login to your server. The kerberos USE flag is recommended
253 is recommended along with this option. 241 along with this option.
254 </ti> 242 </ti>
255</tr> 243</tr>
256<tr> 244<tr>
257 <th><b>readline</b></th> 245 <th><b>readline</b></th>
258 <ti> 246 <ti>
259 Link Samba again libreadline. This is highly recommended and should 247 Link Samba against libreadline. This is highly recommended and should
260 probably not be disabled 248 probably not be disabled.
261 </ti> 249 </ti>
262</tr> 250</tr>
263<tr> 251<tr>
264 <th><b>python</b></th> 252 <th><b>python</b></th>
265 <ti> 253 <ti>
266 Python bindings API. Provides an API that will allow Python to 254 Python bindings API. Provides an API that will allow Python to interface
267 interface with Samba. 255 with Samba.
268 </ti> 256 </ti>
269</tr> 257</tr>
270<tr> 258<tr>
271 <th><b>oav</b></th> 259 <th><b>oav</b></th>
272 <ti> 260 <ti>
273 Provides on-access scanning of Samba shares with FRISK F-Prot 261 Provides on-access scanning of Samba shares with FRISK F-Prot Daemon,
274 Daemon, Kaspersky AntiVirus, OpenAntiVirus.org ScannerDaemon, Sophos Sweep 262 Kaspersky AntiVirus, OpenAntiVirus.org ScannerDaemon, Sophos Sweep (SAVI),
275 (SAVI), Symantec CarrierScan, and Trend Micro (VSAPI). 263 Symantec CarrierScan, and Trend Micro (VSAPI).
276 </ti> 264 </ti>
277</tr> 265</tr>
278</table> 266</table>
279 267
280<p> 268<p>
282Samba functions include: 270Samba functions include:
283</p> 271</p>
284 272
285<ul> 273<ul>
286 <li> 274 <li>
287 ACLs on ext2/3 are implemented through extended attributes (EAs). EA and 275 ACLs on ext2/3 are implemented through extended attributes (EAs). EA and
288 ACL kernel options for ext2 and/or ext3 will need to be enabled 276 ACL kernel options for ext2 and/or ext3 will need to be enabled (depending
289 (depending on which file system is being used - both can be enabled). 277 on which file system is being used - both can be enabled).
290 </li> 278 </li>
291 <li> 279 <li>
292 While Active Directory, ACL, and PDC functions are out of the intended 280 While Active Directory, ACL, and PDC functions are out of the intended
293 scope of this HOWTO, you may find these links as helpful to your cause: 281 scope of this HOWTO, you may find these links as helpful to your cause:
294 <ul> 282 <ul>
295 <li><uri>http://www.bluelightning.org/linux/samba_acl_howto/</uri></li> 283 <li><uri>http://www.bluelightning.org/linux/samba_acl_howto/</uri></li>
296 <li><uri>http://open-projects.linuxcare.com/research-papers/winbind-08162000.html</uri></li>
297 <li><uri>http://www.wlug.org.nz/HowtoSamba3AndActiveDirectory</uri></li> 284 <li><uri>http://www.wlug.org.nz/HowtoSamba3AndActiveDirectory</uri></li>
298 </ul> 285 </ul>
299 </li> 286 </li>
300</ul> 287</ul>
301 288
302</body> 289</body>
303</section> 290</section>
304</chapter> 291</chapter>
292
305<chapter> 293<chapter>
306<title>Server Software Installation</title> 294<title>Server Software Installation</title>
307<section> 295<section>
308<title>Emerging Samba</title> 296<title>Emerging Samba</title>
309<body> 297<body>
310 298
311<p> 299<p>
312First of all: be sure that all your hostnames resolve correctly. 300First of all: be sure that all your hostnames resolve correctly. Either have a
313Either have a working domain name system running on your network 301working domain name system running on your network or appropriate entries in
314or appropriate entries in your /etc/hosts file. cupsaddsmb often 302your <path>/etc/hosts</path> file. <c>cupsaddsmb</c> often borks if hostnames
315borks if hostnames don't point to the correct machines. 303don't point to the correct machines.
316</p>
317
318<p> 304</p>
305
306<p>
319Hopefully now you can make an assessment of what you'll actually need in 307Hopefully now you can make an assessment of what you'll actually need in order
320order to use Samba with your particular setup. The setup used for this 308to use Samba with your particular setup. The setup used for this HOWTO is:
321HOWTO is:
322</p> 309</p>
323 310
324<ul> 311<ul>
325 <li>oav</li> 312 <li>oav</li>
326 <li>cups</li> 313 <li>cups</li>
327 <li>readline</li> 314 <li>readline</li>
328 <li>pam</li> 315 <li>pam</li>
329</ul> 316</ul>
330 317
331<p> 318<p>
332To optimize performance, size and the time of the build, the 319To optimize performance, size and the time of the build, the USE flags are
333USE flags are specifically included or excluded. 320specifically included or excluded.
334</p> 321</p>
335 322
336<pre caption="Emerge Samba"> 323<pre caption="Emerge Samba">
337<comment>(Note the USE flags!)</comment> 324# <i>echo "net-fs/samba oav readline cups pam" &gt;&gt; /etc/portage/package.use</i>
338# <i>USE=&quot;oav readline cups pam -python -ldap -kerberos -xml -acl -mysql&quot; emerge net-fs/samba</i> 325# <i>emerge net-fs/samba</i>
339</pre> 326</pre>
340
341<note>
342The following archs will need to add <e>~</e> to their <e>KEYWORDS</e>: x86,
343ppc, sparc, hppa, ia64 and alpha
344</note>
345 327
346<p> 328<p>
347This will emerge Samba and CUPS (if CUPS is not already emerged). 329This will emerge Samba and CUPS (if CUPS is not already emerged).
348</p> 330</p>
349 331
350</body> 332</body>
351</section> 333</section>
352<section> 334<section>
353<title>Emerging clam-av</title> 335<title>Emerging ClamAV</title>
354<body> 336<body>
355 337
356<p> 338<p>
357Because the oav USE flag only provides an interface to allow on access 339Because the <e>oav</e> USE flag only provides an interface to allow on access
358virus scanning, the actual virus scanner must be emerged. The scanner 340virus scanning, the actual virus scanner must be emerged. The scanner used in
359used in this HOWTO is <e>net-mail/clamav</e>. 341this HOWTO is ClamAV.
360</p> 342</p>
361 343
362<pre caption="Emerge clam-av"> 344<pre caption="Emerge Clamav">
363# <i>emerge net-mail/clamav</i> 345# <i>emerge app-antivirus/clamav</i>
364</pre> 346</pre>
365 347
366</body> 348</body>
367</section> 349</section>
368<section> 350<section>
374</pre> 356</pre>
375 357
376</body> 358</body>
377</section> 359</section>
378<section> 360<section>
379<title>Emerging net-print/hpijs</title> 361<title>Emerging net-print/hplip</title>
380<body> 362<body>
381 363
382<p> 364<p>
383You only need to emerge this if you use an HP printer. 365You only need to emerge this if you use an HP printer.
384</p> 366</p>
385 367
386<pre caption="Emerge hpijs"> 368<pre caption="Emerge hplip">
387# <i>emerge net-mail/hpijs</i> 369# <i>emerge net-print/hplip</i>
388</pre> 370</pre>
389 371
390</body> 372</body>
391</section> 373</section>
392</chapter> 374</chapter>
375
393<chapter> 376<chapter>
394<title>Server Configuration</title> 377<title>Server Configuration</title>
395<section> 378<section>
396<title>Configuring Samba</title> 379<title>Configuring Samba</title>
397<body> 380<body>
398 381
399<p> 382<p>
400The main Samba configuration file is <path>/etc/samba/smb.conf</path>. 383The main Samba configuration file is <path>/etc/samba/smb.conf</path>. It is
401It is divided in sections indicated by [sectionname]. Comments are either 384divided in sections indicated by [sectionname]. Comments are either
402# or ;. A sample <path>smb.conf</path> is included below with comments and 385# or ;. A sample <path>smb.conf</path> is included below with comments and
403suggestions for modifications. If more details are required, see the 386suggestions for modifications. If more details are required, see the man page
404man page for <path>smb.conf</path>, the installed smb.conf.example, the Samba 387for <path>smb.conf</path>, the installed <path>smb.conf.example</path>, the
405Web site or any of the numerous Samba books available. 388Samba Web site or any of the numerous Samba books available.
406</p> 389</p>
407 390
408<pre caption="A Sample /etc/samba/smb.conf"> 391<pre caption="A Sample /etc/samba/smb.conf">
409[global] 392[global]
410<comment># Replace MYWORKGROUPNAME with your workgroup/domain</comment> 393<comment># Replace MYWORKGROUPNAME with your workgroup/domain</comment>
411workgroup = <comment>MYWORKGROUPNAME</comment> 394workgroup = <comment>MYWORKGROUPNAME</comment>
412<comment># Of course this has no REAL purpose other than letting 395<comment># Of course this has no REAL purpose other than letting
413# everyone know its not Windows! 396# everyone knows it's not Windows!
414# %v prints the version of Samba we are using.</comment> 397# %v prints the version of Samba we are using.</comment>
415server string = Samba Server %v 398server string = Samba Server %v
416<comment># We are going to use cups, so we are going to put it in here ;-)</comment> 399<comment># We are going to use cups, so we are going to put it in here ;-)</comment>
417printcap name = cups 400printcap name = cups
418printing = cups 401printing = cups
434hosts deny = 0.0.0.0/0 417hosts deny = 0.0.0.0/0
435<comment># Other options for this are USER, DOMAIN, ADS, and SERVER 418<comment># Other options for this are USER, DOMAIN, ADS, and SERVER
436# The default is user</comment> 419# The default is user</comment>
437security = share 420security = share
438<comment># No passwords, so we're going to use a guest account!</comment> 421<comment># No passwords, so we're going to use a guest account!</comment>
439guest account = samba
440guest ok = yes 422guest ok = yes
441<comment># We now will implement the on access virus scanner. 423<comment># We now will implement the on access virus scanner.
442# NOTE: By putting this in our [Global] section, we enable 424# NOTE: By putting this in our [Global] section, we enable
443# scanning of ALL shares, you could optionally move 425# scanning of ALL shares, you could optionally move
444# these to a specific share and only scan it.</comment> 426# these to a specific share and only scan it.</comment>
445vfs object = /usr/lib/samba/vfs/vscan-clamav.so 427
428<comment># For Samba 3.x. This enables ClamAV on access scanning.</comment>
429vfs object = vscan-clamav
446vfs options = config-file = /etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf 430vscan-clamav: config-file = /etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf
447 431
448<comment># Now we setup our print drivers information!</comment> 432<comment># Now we setup our print drivers information!</comment>
449[print$] 433[print$]
450comment = Printer Drivers 434comment = Printer Drivers
451path = /etc/samba/printer <comment># this path holds the driver structure</comment> 435path = /etc/samba/printer <comment># this path holds the driver structure</comment>
452guest ok = no 436guest ok = yes
453browseable = yes 437browseable = yes
454read only = yes 438read only = yes
455<comment># Modify this to "username,root" if you don't want root to 439<comment># Modify this to "username,root" if you don't want root to
456# be the only printer admin)</comment> 440# be the only printer admin)</comment>
457write list = <i>root</i> 441write list = <i>root</i>
466guest ok = yes 450guest ok = yes
467<comment># Modify this to "username,root" if you don't want root to 451<comment># Modify this to "username,root" if you don't want root to
468# be the only printer admin)</comment> 452# be the only printer admin)</comment>
469printer admin = <i>root</i> 453printer admin = <i>root</i>
470 454
471<comment># Now we setup our printers share. This should be 455<comment># Now we setup our printers share. This should be
472# browseable, printable, public.</comment> 456# browseable, printable, public.</comment>
473[printers] 457[printers]
474comment = All Printers 458comment = All Printers
475browseable = yes 459browseable = no
476printable = yes 460printable = yes
461writable = no
477public = yes 462public = yes
478guest ok = yes 463guest ok = yes
479path = /var/spool/samba 464path = /var/spool/samba
480<comment># Modify this to "username,root" if you don't want root to 465<comment># Modify this to "username,root" if you don't want root to
481# be the only printer admin)</comment> 466# be the only printer admin)</comment>
482printer admin = <i>root</i> 467printer admin = <i>root</i>
491create mode = 0766 476create mode = 0766
492guest ok = yes 477guest ok = yes
493path = /home/samba/public 478path = /home/samba/public
494</pre> 479</pre>
495 480
496<p> 481<warn>
497There are several warnings that we should put here:
498</p>
499
500<ul>
501 <li>
502 If you like to use Samba's guest account to do anything concerning 482If you like to use Samba's guest account to do anything concerning printing from
503 printing from Windows clients: don't 483Windows clients: don't set <c>guest only = yes</c> in the <c>[global]</c>
504 </li>
505 <li>Don't set guest only = yes in the global section</li>
506 <li>
507 The guest account seems to cause problems when running cupsaddsmb sometimes 484section. The guest account seems to cause problems when running
508 when trying to connect from Windows machines. See below, too, when we talk 485<c>cupsaddsmb</c> sometimes when trying to connect from Windows machines. See
509 about cupsaddsmb and the problems that can arise. Use a dedicated printer 486below, too, when we talk about <c>cupsaddsmb</c> and the problems that can
510 user, like "printeruser" or "printer" or "printme" or whatever. It doesn't 487arise. Use a dedicated printer user, like <c>printeruser</c> or <c>printer</c>
511 hurt and it will certainly protect you from a lot of problems. 488or <c>printme</c> or whatever. It doesn't hurt and it will certainly protect you
512 </li> 489from a lot of problems.
513</ul> 490</warn>
514 491
492<warn>
493Turning on ClamAV on access scanning in the <c>[global]</c> section will slow
494down the performance of your Samba server dramatically.
495</warn>
496
515<p> 497<p>
516Now create the directories required for the minimum configuration of 498Now create the directories required for the minimum configuration of Samba to
517Samba to share the installed printer throughout the network. 499share the installed printer throughout the network.
518</p> 500</p>
519 501
520<pre caption="Create the directories"> 502<pre caption="Create the directories">
521# <i>mkdir /etc/samba/printer</i> 503# <i>mkdir /etc/samba/printer</i>
522# <i>mkdir /var/spool/samba</i> 504# <i>mkdir /var/spool/samba</i>
523# <i>mkdir /home/samba/public</i> 505# <i>mkdir /home/samba/public</i>
524</pre> 506</pre>
525 507
526<p> 508<p>
527At least one Samba user is required in order to install the printer 509At least one Samba user is required in order to install the printer drivers and
528drivers and to allow users to connect to the printer. Users must 510to allow users to connect to the printer. Users must exist in the system's
529exist in the system's <path>/etc/passwd</path> file. 511<path>/etc/passwd</path> file.
530</p> 512</p>
531 513
532<pre caption="Creating the users"> 514<pre caption="Creating the users">
533# <i>smbpasswd -a root</i> 515# <i>smbpasswd -a root</i>
534 516
535<comment>(If another user is to be a printer admin)</comment> 517<comment>(If another user is to be a printer admin)</comment>
536# <i>smbpasswd -a username</i> 518# <i>smbpasswd -a username</i>
537</pre> 519</pre>
538 520
539<p> 521<p>
540The Samba passwords need not be the same as the system passwords 522The Samba passwords need not be the same as the system passwords
541in <path>/etc/passwd</path>. 523in <path>/etc/passwd</path>.
542</p> 524</p>
543 525
526<p>
527You will also need to update <path>/etc/nsswitch.conf</path> so that Windows
528systems can be found easily using NetBIOS:
529</p>
530
531<pre caption="Editing /etc/nsswitch.conf">
532# <i>nano -w /etc/nsswitch.conf</i>
533<comment>(Edit the hosts: line)</comment>
534hosts: files dns <i>wins</i>
535</pre>
536
544</body> 537</body>
545</section>
546<section> 538</section>
539<section>
547<title>Configuring clam-av</title> 540<title>Configuring ClamAV</title>
548<body> 541<body>
549 542
550<p> 543<p>
551The configuration file specified to be used in <path>smb.conf</path> is 544The configuration file specified to be used in <path>smb.conf</path> is
552<path>/etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf</path>. While these options are set 545<path>/etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf</path>. While these options are set to the
553to the defaults, the infected file action may need to be changed. 546defaults, the infected file action may need to be changed.
554</p> 547</p>
555 548
556<pre caption="/etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf"> 549<pre caption="/etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf">
557[samba-vscan] 550[samba-vscan]
558<comment>; run-time configuration for vscan-samba using 551<comment>; run-time configuration for vscan-samba using
575 568
576<comment>; if communication to clamd fails, should access to file denied? 569<comment>; if communication to clamd fails, should access to file denied?
577; (default: yes)</comment> 570; (default: yes)</comment>
578deny access on error = yes 571deny access on error = yes
579 572
580<comment>; if daemon files with a minor error (corruption, etc.), 573<comment>; if daemon fails with a minor error (corruption, etc.),
581; should access to file denied? 574; should access to file denied?
582; (default: yes)</comment> 575; (default: yes)</comment>
583deny access on minor error = yes 576deny access on minor error = yes
584 577
585<comment>; send a warning message via Windows Messenger service 578<comment>; send a warning message via Windows Messenger service
603; of period, samba-vscan use a last recently used file mechanism to avoid 596; of period, samba-vscan use a last recently used file mechanism to avoid
604; multiple scans of a file. This setting specified the maximum number of 597; multiple scans of a file. This setting specified the maximum number of
605; elements of the last recently used file list. (default: 100)</comment> 598; elements of the last recently used file list. (default: 100)</comment>
606max lru files entries = 100 599max lru files entries = 100
607 600
608<comment>; an entry is invalidad after lru file entry lifetime (in seconds). 601<comment>; an entry is invalidated after lru file entry lifetime (in seconds).
609; (Default: 5)</comment> 602; (Default: 5)</comment>
610lru file entry lifetime = 5 603lru file entry lifetime = 5
611 604
612<comment>; socket name of clamd (default: /var/run/clamd)</comment> 605<comment>; socket name of clamd (default: /var/run/clamd)</comment>
613clamd socket name = /var/run/clamd 606clamd socket name = /tmp/clamd
614</pre>
615 607
608<comment>; port number the ScannerDaemon listens on</comment>
609oav port = 8127
610</pre>
611
616<p> 612<p>
617It is generally a good idea to start the virus scanner immediately. Add 613It is generally a good idea to start the virus scanner immediately. Add it to
618it to the default runlevel and then start the clamd service immediately. 614the <e>default</e> runlevel and then start the <c>clamd</c> service immediately.
615The service has two processes: freshclam keeps the virus definition database up
616to date while clamd is the actual anti-virus daemon. First you may want to set
617the paths of the logfiles so that it fits your needs.
618</p>
619
620<pre caption="Checking the location of the logfiles">
621# <i>vim /etc/clamd.conf</i>
622<comment>(Check the line "LogFile /var/log/clamd.log")</comment>
623# <i>vim /etc/freshclam.conf</i>
624<comment>(Check the line "UpdateLogFile /var/log/freshclam.log")</comment>
625# <i>vim /etc/conf.d/clamd</i>
626<comment>(Set "START_CLAMD=yes" and "START_FRESHCLAM=yes")</comment>
627</pre>
628
629<p>
630Now fire up the virus scanner.
619</p> 631</p>
620 632
621<pre caption="Add clamd to bootup and start it"> 633<pre caption="Add clamd to bootup and start it">
622# <i>rc-update add clamd default</i> 634# <i>rc-update add clamd default</i>
623# <i>/etc/init.d/clamd start</i> 635# <i>/etc/init.d/clamd start</i>
628<section> 640<section>
629<title>Configuring CUPS</title> 641<title>Configuring CUPS</title>
630<body> 642<body>
631 643
632<p> 644<p>
633This is a little more complicated). CUPS' main config file is 645This is a little more complicated. CUPS' main config file is
634<path>/etc/cups/cupsd.conf</path>. It's structure is similar to Apache's 646<path>/etc/cups/cupsd.conf</path>. It's structure is similar to Apache's
635<path>httpd.conf</path> file, so many you may find it familiar. Outlined 647<path>httpd.conf</path> file, so many you may find it familiar. Outlined in the
636in the example are the directives that need to be changed: 648example are the directives that need to be changed:
637</p> 649</p>
638 650
639<pre caption="/etc/cups/cupsd.conf"> 651<pre caption="/etc/cups/cupsd.conf">
640ServerName <i>PrintServer</i> <comment># your printserver name</comment> 652ServerName <i>PrintServer</i> <comment># your printserver name</comment>
641ServerAdmin <i>root@PrintServer</i> <comment># the person for printer-related hate-mail, eg you</comment> 653ServerAdmin <i>root@PrintServer</i> <comment># the person for printer-related hate-mail, e.g. you</comment>
642 654
643AccessLog /var/log/cups/access_log <comment># probably doesn't need changing</comment> 655AccessLog /var/log/cups/access_log <comment># probably doesn't need changing</comment>
644ErrorLog /var/log/cups/error_log <comment># doesn't really need changing either</comment> 656ErrorLog /var/log/cups/error_log <comment># doesn't really need changing either</comment>
645 657
646LogLevel debug <comment># only while isntalling and testing, should later be 658LogLevel debug <comment># only while installing and testing, should later be
647 # changed to 'info'</comment> 659 # changed to 'info'</comment>
648 660
649MaxClients 100 <comment># I've had to set this to 1000000000 or so because some time back, 661MaxClients 100 <comment># I've had to set this to 1000000000 or so because some time back,
650 # there seemed to be a bug in CUPS' controlling of the web interface, 662 # there seemed to be a bug in CUPS' controlling of the web interface,
651 # making CUPS think a denial of service attack was in progress when 663 # making CUPS think a denial of service attack was in progress when
652 # I tried to configure a printer with the web interface. weird.</comment> 664 # I tried to configure a printer with the web interface. weird.</comment>
653 665
654BrowseAddress @IF(<i>eth0</i>) <comment># Change this to your internal net interface</comment> 666BrowseAddress @IF(<i>eth0</i>) <comment># Change this to your internal net interface</comment>
655 667
656&lt;Location /&gt; 668&lt;Location /&gt;
657Order Deny,Allow 669Order Deny,Allow
658Deny From All 670Deny From All
659Allow From <i>192.168.1.*</i> <comment># the addresses of your internel network 671Allow From <i>192.168.1.*</i> <comment># the addresses of your internel network
660 # eg 192.168.1.* will allow connections from any host on 672 # e.g. 192.168.1.* will allow connections from any host on
661 # the 192.168.1.0 network. change to whatever suits you</comment> 673 # the 192.168.1.0 network. change to whatever suits you</comment>
662&lt;/Location&gt; 674&lt;/Location&gt;
663 675
664&lt;Location /admin&gt; 676&lt;Location /admin&gt;
665AuthType Basic 677AuthType Basic
666AuthClass System 678AuthClass System
667Allow From <i>192.168.1.*</i> <comment># same as above, allow any host on the 679Allow From <i>192.168.1.*</i> <comment># same as above, allow any host on the
668 # 192.168.1.0 network to connect and do 680 # 192.168.1.0 network to connect and do
669 # administrative tasks after authenticating</comment> 681 # administrative tasks after authenticating</comment>
670Order Deny,Allow 682Order Deny,Allow
671Deny From All 683Deny From All
672&lt;/Location&gt; 684&lt;/Location&gt;
673</pre> 685</pre>
674 686
675<p> 687<p>
676Edit <path>/etc/cups/mime.convs</path> to uncomment some lines. 688Edit <path>/etc/cups/mime.convs</path> to uncomment some lines. The changes to
677The changes to mime.convs and mime.types are needed to make CUPSprint Microsoft Office document files. 689<path>mime.convs</path> and <path>mime.types</path> are needed to make CUPS
690print Microsoft Office document files.
678</p> 691</p>
679 692
680<pre caption="/etc/cups/mime.convs"> 693<pre caption="/etc/cups/mime.convs">
681<comment>(The following line is found near the end of the file. Uncomment it)</comment> 694<comment>(The following line is found near the end of the file. Uncomment it)</comment>
682application/octet-stream application/vnd.cups-raw 0 695application/octet-stream application/vnd.cups-raw 0
683</pre> 696</pre>
684 697
685<p> 698<p>
686Edit <path>/etc/cups/mime.convs</path> to uncomment some lines. 699Edit <path>/etc/cups/mime.types</path> to uncomment some lines.
687</p> 700</p>
688 701
689<pre caption="/etc/cups/mime.types"> 702<pre caption="/etc/cups/mime.types">
690<comment>(The following line is found near the end of the file. Uncomment it)</comment> 703<comment>(The following line is found near the end of the file. Uncomment it)</comment>
691application/octet-stream 704application/octet-stream
692</pre> 705</pre>
693 706
694<p> 707<p>
695CUPS needs to be started on boot, and started immediately. 708CUPS needs to be started on boot, and started immediately.
696</p> 709</p>
697 710
698<pre caption="Setting up the CUPS service" > 711<pre caption="Setting up the CUPS service" >
699<comment>(To start CUPS on boot)</comment> 712<comment>(To start CUPS on boot)</comment>
700# <i>rc-update add cupsd default</i> 713# <i>rc-update add cupsd default</i>
701<comment>(To start CUPS if it isn't started)</comment> 714<comment>(To start or restart CUPS now)</comment>
702# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd start</i>
703<comment>(If CUPS is already started we'll need to restart it!)</comment>
704# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd restart</i> 715# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd restart</i>
705</pre> 716</pre>
706 717
707</body> 718</body>
708</section> 719</section>
709<section> 720<section>
710<title>Installing a printer for and with CUPS</title> 721<title>Installing a printer for and with CUPS</title>
711<body> 722<body>
712 723
713<p> 724<p>
714First, go to <uri link="http://linuxprinting.org">LinuxPrinting.Org</uri> 725First, go to <uri link="http://linuxprinting.org">LinuxPrinting.Org</uri> to
715to find and download the correct PPD file for your printer and CUPS. To 726find and download the correct PPD file for your printer and CUPS. To do so,
716do so, click the link Printer Listings to the left. Select your 727click the link Printer Listings to the left. Select your printers manufacturer
717printers manufacturer and the model in the pulldown menu, eg HP and 728and the model in the pulldown menu, e.g. HP and DeskJet 930C. Click "Show". On
718DeskJet 930C. Click "Show". On the page coming up click the "recommended 729the page coming up click the "recommended driver" link after reading the various
719driver" link after reading the various notes and information. Then fetch 730notes and information. Then fetch the PPD file from the next page, again after
720the PPD file from the next page, again after reading the notes and
721introductions there. You may have to select your printers manufacturer 731reading the notes and introductions there. You may have to select your printers
722and model again. Reading the <uri link="http://www.linuxprinting.org/cups-doc.html">CUPS 732manufacturer and model again. Reading the <uri
733link="http://www.linuxprinting.org/cups-doc.html">CUPS quickstart guide</uri> is
723quickstart guide</uri> is also very helpful when working with CUPS. 734also very helpful when working with CUPS.
724</p>
725
726<p> 735</p>
736
737<p>
727Now you have a PPD file for your printer to work with CUPS. Place it in 738Now you have a PPD file for your printer to work with CUPS. Place it in
728<path>/usr/share/cups/model</path>. The PPD for the HP DeskJet 930C was 739<path>/usr/share/cups/model</path>. The PPD for the HP DeskJet 930C was named
729named HP-DeskJet_930C-hpijs.ppd. You should now install the printer. 740<path>HP-DeskJet_930C-hpijs.ppd</path>. You should now install the printer.
730This can be done via the CUPS web interface or via command line. The web 741This can be done via the CUPS web interface or via command line. The web
731interface is found at http://PrintServer:631 once CUPS is running. 742interface is found at <path>http://PrintServer:631</path> once CUPS is running.
732</p> 743</p>
733 744
734<pre caption="Install the printer via command line"> 745<pre caption="Install the printer via command line">
735# <i>lpadmin -p HPDeskJet930C -E -v usb:/dev/ultp0 -m HP-DeskJet_930C-hpijs.ppd</i> 746# <i>lpadmin -p HPDeskJet930C -E -v usb:/dev/ultp0 -m HP-DeskJet_930C-hpijs.ppd</i>
747# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd restart</i>
736</pre> 748</pre>
737 749
738<p> 750<p>
739Remember to adjust to what you have. Be sure to have the name (-p) right (the 751Remember to adjust to what you have. Be sure to have the name (<c>-p</c>
740name you set above during the Samba configuration!) and to put in the 752argument) right (the name you set above during the Samba configuration!) and to
741correct usb:/dev/usb/blah, parallel:/dev/blah or whatever device you 753put in the correct <c>usb:/dev/usb/blah</c>, <c>parallel:/dev/blah</c> or
742are using for your printer. 754whatever device you are using for your printer.
743</p>
744
745<p> 755</p>
756
757<p>
746You should now be able to access the printer from the web interface. You 758You should now be able to access the printer from the web interface and be able
747should now be able to print a test page. 759to print a test page.
748</p> 760</p>
749 761
750</body> 762</body>
751</section> 763</section>
752<section> 764<section>
753<title>Installing the Windows printer drivers</title> 765<title>Installing the Windows printer drivers</title>
754<body> 766<body>
755 767
756<p> 768<p>
757Now that the printer should be working it is time to install the drivers 769Now that the printer should be working it is time to install the drivers for
758for the Windows clients to work. Samba 2.2 introduced this functionality. 770the Windows clients to work. Samba 2.2 introduced this functionality. Browsing
759Browsing to the print server in the Network Neighbourhood, right-clicking 771to the print server in the Network Neighbourhood, right-clicking on the
760on the printershare and selecting "connect" downloads the appropriate 772printershare and selecting "connect" downloads the appropriate drivers
761drivers automagically to the connecting client, avoiding the hassle of 773automagically to the connecting client, avoiding the hassle of manually
762manually installing printer drivers locally. 774installing printer drivers locally.
763</p>
764
765<p> 775</p>
776
777<p>
766There are two sets of printer drivers for this. First, the Adobe PS 778There are two sets of printer drivers for this. First, the Adobe PS drivers
767drivers which can be obtained from <uri 779which can be obtained from <uri
768link="http://www.adobe.com/support/downloads/main.html">Adobe</uri> 780link="http://www.adobe.com/support/downloads/main.html">Adobe</uri> (PostScript
769(PostScript printer drivers). Second, there are the CUPS PS drivers, 781printer drivers). Second, there are the CUPS PS drivers, to be obtained by
770to be obtained from <uri link="http://www.cups.org/software.php">the 782emerging <c>net-print/cups-windows</c>. Note that it may still be marked ~arch,
771CUPS homepage</uri> and selecting "CUPS Driver for Windows" from the 783so you may need to add it to <path>/etc/portage/package.keywords</path>. There
772pull down menu. There doesn't seem to be a difference between the 784doesn't seem to be a difference between the functionality of the two, but the
773functionality of the two, but the Adobe PS drivers need to be extracted 785Adobe PS drivers need to be extracted on a Windows System since it's a Windows
774on a Windows System since it's a Windows binary. Also the whole procedure 786binary. Also the whole procedure of finding and copying the correct files is a
775of finding and copying the correct files is a bit more hassle. The CUPS 787bit more hassle. The CUPS drivers support some options the Adobe drivers
776drivers seem to support some options the Adobe drivers don't. 788don't.
777</p>
778
779<p> 789</p>
780This HOWTO uses the CUPS drivers for Windows. The downloaded file is 790
781called <path>cups-samba-5.0rc2.tar.gz</path>. Extract the files
782contained into a directory.
783</p> 791<p>
784 792This HOWTO uses the CUPS drivers for Windows. Install them as shown:
785<pre caption="Extract the drivers and run the install">
786# <i>tar -xzf cups-samba-5.0rc2.tar.gz</i>
787# <i>cd cups-samba-5.0rc2</i>
788<comment>(Only use this script if CUPS resides in /usr/share/cups)</comment>
789# <i>./cups-samba.install</i>
790</pre>
791
792<p> 793</p>
793cups-samba.ss is a TAR archive containing three files: 794
794cups5.hlp, cupsdrvr5.dll and cupsui5.dll. These are the actual driver 795<pre caption="Install the drivers">
795files. 796# <i>emerge -av cups-windows</i>
797</pre>
798
796</p> 799<p>
797
798<warn>
799The script cups-samba.install may not work for all *nixes (ie FreeBSD)
800because almost everything which is not part of the base system is
801installed somewhere under the prefix <path>/usr/local/</path>. This
802seems not to be the case for most things you install under GNU/Linux.
803However, if your CUPS installation is somewhere other than
804<path>/usr/share/cups/</path> See the example below.
805</warn>
806
807<p>
808Suppose your CUPS installation resides under
809<path>/usr/local/share/cups/</path>, and you want to install the drivers there.
810Do the following:
811</p>
812
813<pre caption="Manually installing the drivers">
814# <i>cd /path/you/extracted/the/CUPS-driver/tarball/into</i>
815# <i>tar -xf cups-samba.ss</i>
816<comment>(This extracts the files to usr/share/cups/drivers under the CURRENT WORKING DIRECTORY)</comment>
817# <i>cd usr/share/cups/drivers</i>
818<comment>(no leading / !)</comment>
819# <i>cp cups* /usr/local/share/cups/drivers</i>
820</pre>
821
822<p>
823Now we'll use the script <c>cupsaddsmb</c> provided by the CUPS 800Now we'll use the script <c>cupsaddsmb</c> provided by the CUPS distribution.
824distribution. It's man page is an interesting read. 801Be sure to read its manpage (<c>man cupsaddsmb</c>), as it will tell you which
802Windows drivers you'll need to copy to the proper CUPS directory. Once you've
803copied the drivers, restart CUPS by running <c>/etc/init.d/cupsd restart</c>.
804Next, run <c>cupsaddsmb</c> as shown:
825</p> 805</p>
826 806
827<pre caption="Run cupsaddsmb"> 807<pre caption="Run cupsaddsmb">
828# <i>cupsaddsmb -H PrintServer -U root -h PrintServer -v HPDeskJet930C</i> 808# <i>cupsaddsmb -H PrintServer -U root -h PrintServer -v HPDeskJet930C</i>
829<comment>(Instead of HPDeskJet930C you could also specify "-a", which will 809<comment>(Instead of HPDeskJet930C you could also specify "-a", which will
830"export all known printers".)</comment> 810"export all known printers".)</comment>
831# <i>cupsaddsmb -H PrintServer -U root -h PrintServer -a</i> 811# <i>cupsaddsmb -H PrintServer -U root -h PrintServer -a</i>
832</pre> 812</pre>
833 813
834<warn> 814<warn>
835The execution of this command often causes the most trouble. 815The execution of this command often causes the most trouble. Read through the
836Reading through the <uri
837link="http://forums.gentoo.com/viewtopic.php?t=110931">posts in this 816<uri link="http://forums.gentoo.org/viewtopic.php?t=110931">posts in this
838thread</uri>. 817thread</uri> for some troubleshooting tips.
839</warn> 818</warn>
840 819
841<p> 820<p>
842Here are common errors that may happen: 821Here are common errors that may happen:
843</p> 822</p>
844 823
845<ul> 824<ul>
846 <li> 825 <li>
847 The hostname given as a parameter for -h and -H (PrintServer) often does 826 The hostname given as a parameter for <c>-h</c> and <c>-H</c>
848 not resolve correctly and doesn't identify the print server for CUPS/Samba 827 (<c>PrintServer</c>) often does not resolve correctly and doesn't identify
849 interaction. 828 the print server for CUPS/Samba interaction. If an error like: <b>Warning:
850 If an error like: <b>Warning: No PPD file for printer "CUPS_PRINTER_NAME" - 829 No PPD file for printer "CUPS_PRINTER_NAME" - skipping!</b> occurs, the
851 skipping!</b> occurs, the first thing you should do is substitute 830 first thing you should do is substitute <c>PrintServer</c> with
852 PrintServer with localhost and try it again. 831 <c>localhost</c> and try it again.
853 </li> 832 </li>
854 <li> 833 <li>
855 The command fails with an <b>NT_STATUS_UNSUCCESSFUL</b>. This error message 834 The command fails with an <b>NT_STATUS_UNSUCCESSFUL</b>. This error message
856 is quite common, but can be triggered by many problems. It's unfortunately 835 is quite common, but can be triggered by many problems. It's unfortunately
857 not very helpful. One thing to try is to temporarily set <b>security = 836 not very helpful. One thing to try is to temporarily set <c>security =
858 user</b> in your <path>smb.conf</path>. After/if the installation completes 837 user</c> in your <path>smb.conf</path>. After/if the installation completes
859 successfully, you should set it back to share, or whatever it was set to 838 successfully, you should set it back to share, or whatever it was set to
860 before. 839 before.
861 </li> 840 </li>
862</ul> 841</ul>
863 842
864<p> 843<p>
865This should install the correct driver directory structure under 844This should install the correct driver directory structure under
866<path>/etc/samba/printer</path>. That would be 845<path>/etc/samba/printer</path>. That would be
867<path>/etc/samba/printer/W32X86/2/</path>. The files contained should 846<path>/etc/samba/printer/W32X86/2/</path>. The files contained should be the 3
868be the 3 driver files and the PPD file, renamed to YourPrinterName.ppd 847driver files and the PPD file, renamed to <path>YourPrinterName.ppd</path> (the
869(the name which you gave the printer when installing it (see above). 848name which you gave the printer when installing it (see above).
870</p>
871
872<p> 849</p>
850
851<p>
873Pending no errors or other complications, your drivers are now 852Pending no errors or other complications, your drivers are now installed.
874installed.
875</p> 853</p>
876 854
877</body> 855</body>
878</section> 856</section>
879<section> 857<section>
897<title>Testing our Samba configuration</title> 875<title>Testing our Samba configuration</title>
898<body> 876<body>
899 877
900<p> 878<p>
901We will want to test our configuration file to ensure that it is formatted 879We will want to test our configuration file to ensure that it is formatted
902properly and all of our options have at least the correct syntax. To do 880properly and all of our options have at least the correct syntax. To do this we
903this we run <c>testparm</c>. 881run <c>testparm</c>.
904</p> 882</p>
905 883
906<pre caption="Running the testparm"> 884<pre caption="Running the testparm">
907<comment>(By default, testparm checks /etc/samba/smb.conf)</comment> 885<comment>(By default, testparm checks /etc/samba/smb.conf)</comment>
908# <i>/usr/bin/testparm</i> 886# <i>/usr/bin/testparm</i>
938<section> 916<section>
939<title>Checking our services</title> 917<title>Checking our services</title>
940<body> 918<body>
941 919
942<p> 920<p>
943It would probably be prudent to check our logs at this time also. 921It would probably be prudent to check our logs at this time also. We will also
944We will also want to take a peak at our Samba shares using 922want to take a peak at our Samba shares using <c>smbclient</c>.
945<c>smbclient</c>.
946</p> 923</p>
947 924
948<pre caption="Checking the shares with smbclient"> 925<pre caption="Checking the shares with smbclient">
949# <i>smbclient -L localhost</i> 926# <i>smbclient -L localhost</i>
950Password: 927Password:
952</pre> 929</pre>
953 930
954</body> 931</body>
955</section> 932</section>
956</chapter> 933</chapter>
934
957<chapter> 935<chapter>
958<title>Configuration of the Clients</title> 936<title>Configuration of the Clients</title>
959<section> 937<section>
960<title>Printer configuration of *nix based clients</title> 938<title>Printer configuration of *nix based clients</title>
961<body> 939<body>
962 940
963<p> 941<p>
964Despite the variation or distribution, the only thing needed is CUPS. 942Despite the variation or distribution, the only thing needed is CUPS. Do the
965Do the equivalent on any other UNIX/Linux/BSD client. 943equivalent on any other UNIX/Linux/BSD client.
966</p> 944</p>
967 945
968<pre caption="Configuring a Gentoo system."> 946<pre caption="Configuring a Gentoo system">
969# <i>emerge cups</i> 947# <i>emerge cups</i>
970# <i>/etc/init.d/cupsd start</i> 948# <i>nano -w /etc/cups/client.conf</i>
971# <i>rc-update add cupsd default</i> 949ServerName <i>PrintServer</i> <comment># your printserver name</comment>
972</pre> 950</pre>
973 951
974<p>
975That should be it. Nothing else will be needed. Just point your web
976browser to http://localhost:631 (on the CLIENT) and you'll see that
977PrintServer broadcasts all available printers to all CUPS clients.
978</p> 952<p>
979 953That should be it. Nothing else will be needed.
980<p> 954</p>
981To print, use for example 955
982</p> 956<p>
957If you use only one printer, it will be your default printer. If your print
958server manages several printers, your administrator will have defined a default
959printer on the server. If you want to define a different default printer for
960yourself, use the <c>lpoptions</c> command.
961</p>
962
963<pre caption="Setting your default printer">
964<comment>(List available printers)</comment>
965# <i>lpstat -a</i>
966<comment>(Sample output, yours will differ)</comment>
967HPDeskJet930C accepting requests since Jan 01 00:00
968laser accepting requests since Jan 01 00:00
969<comment>(Define HPDeskJet930C as your default printer)</comment>
970# <i>lpoptions -d HPDeskJet930C</i>
971</pre>
983 972
984<pre caption="Printing in *nix"> 973<pre caption="Printing in *nix">
974<comment>(Specify the printer to be used)</comment>
985# <i>lpr -pHPDeskJet930C anything.txt</i> 975# <i>lp -d HPDeskJet930C anything.txt</i>
986# <i>lpr -PHPDeskJet930C foobar.whatever.ps</i> 976<comment>(Use your default printer)</comment>
987</pre>
988
989<p>
990In order to setup a default printer, you have to edit
991<path>/etc/cups/client.conf</path> and set the directive ServerName to
992your printserver. In the case of this guide that would be the
993following example.
994</p>
995
996<pre caption="/etc/cups/client.conf">
997ServerName PrintServer
998</pre>
999
1000<p>
1001The following will print foorbar.whatever.ps directly to the print
1002server.
1003</p>
1004
1005<pre caption="Printing to the default printer">
1006$ <i>lpr foobar.whatever.ps</i> 977# <i>lp foobar.whatever.ps</i>
1007</pre> 978</pre>
1008 979
1009<p>
1010Some common observations when setting a default printer in this manner
1011include the following:
1012</p> 980<p>
1013 981Just point your web browser to <c>http://printserver:631</c> on the client if
1014<ul> 982you want to manage your printers and their jobs with a nice web interface.
1015 <li> 983Replace <c>printserver</c> with the name of the <e>machine</e> that acts as your
1016 Setting the ServerName in client.conf seems to work well for only one 984print server, not the name you gave to the cups print server if you used
1017 printer, there may be yet another way to set a client's default remote 985different names.
1018 printer. 986</p>
1019 </li>
1020 <li>
1021 Also, when accessing http://localhost:631 on the client now, no printers
1022 seem to be "found" by the client-CUPS. This is to be expected when setting
1023 ServerName in <path>client.conf</path>.
1024 </li>
1025</ul>
1026 987
1027</body> 988</body>
1028</section> 989</section>
1029<section> 990<section>
1030<title>Mounting a Windows or Samba share in GNU/Linux</title> 991<title>Mounting a Windows or Samba share in GNU/Linux</title>
1031<body> 992<body>
1032 993
994<note>
995Don't forget to install <c>net-fs/mount-cifs</c> or <c>net-fs/samba</c> on the
996client(s) that will be accessing the shares.
997</note>
998
1033<p> 999<p>
1034Now is time to configure our kernel to support it the smbfs. Since I'm 1000Now is time to configure our kernel to support cifs. Since I'm assuming
1035assumming we've all compiled at least one kernel, we'll need to make 1001we've all compiled at least one kernel, we'll need to make sure we have all the
1036sure we have all the right options selected in our kernel. 1002right options selected in our kernel. For simplicity's sake, make it a module
1037For simplicity sake, make it as a module for ease of use. It is the 1003for ease of use. It is the author's opinion that kernel modules are a good thing
1038authors opinion that kernel modules are a good thing and should be used 1004and should be used whenever possible.
1039whenever possible.
1040</p>
1041
1042<pre caption="Relevant kernel options" >
1043CONFIG_SMB_FS=m
1044CONFIG_SMB_UNIX=y
1045</pre>
1046
1047<p> 1005</p>
1006
1007<pre caption="Kernel support" >
1008CONFIG_CIFS=m
1009</pre>
1010
1011<p>
1048Then make the module/install it; insert them with: 1012Then make the module/install it; insert it with:
1049</p> 1013</p>
1050 1014
1051<pre caption="Loading the kernel module"> 1015<pre caption="Loading the kernel module">
1052# <i>modprobe smbfs</i> 1016# <i>modprobe cifs</i>
1053</pre> 1017</pre>
1054 1018
1055<p> 1019<p>
1056Once the modules is loaded, mounting a Windows or Samba share is 1020Once the module is loaded, mounting a Windows or Samba share is possible. Use
1057possible. Use <c>mount</c> to accomplish this, as detailed below: 1021<c>mount</c> to accomplish this, as detailed below:
1058</p> 1022</p>
1059 1023
1060<pre caption="Mounting a Windows/Samba share"> 1024<pre caption="Mounting a Windows/Samba share">
1061<comment>(The syntax for mounting a Windows/Samba share is: 1025<comment>(The syntax for mounting a Windows/Samba share is:
1062 mount -t smbfs [-o username=xxx,password=xxx] //server/share /mnt/point 1026 mount -t cifs [-o username=xxx,password=xxx] //server/share /mnt/point
1063If we are not using passwords or a password is not needed)</comment> 1027If we are not using passwords or a password is not needed)</comment>
1064 1028
1065# <i>mount -t smbfs //PrintServer/public /mnt/public</i> 1029# <i>mount -t cifs //PrintServer/public /mnt/public</i>
1066 1030
1067<comment>(If a password is needed)</comment> 1031<comment>(If a password is needed)</comment>
1068# <i>mount -t smbfs -o username=USERNAME,password=PASSWORD //PrintServer/public /mnt/public</i> 1032# <i>mount -t cifs -o username=USERNAME,password=PASSWORD //PrintServer/public /mnt/public</i>
1069</pre> 1033</pre>
1070 1034
1071<p> 1035<p>
1072After you mount the share, you would access it as if it were a local 1036After you mount the share, you would access it as if it were a local drive.
1073drive.
1074</p> 1037</p>
1075 1038
1076</body> 1039</body>
1077</section> 1040</section>
1078<section> 1041<section>
1079<title>Printer Configuration for Windows NT/2000/XP clients</title> 1042<title>Printer Configuration for Windows NT/2000/XP clients</title>
1080<body> 1043<body>
1081 1044
1082<p> 1045<p>
1083That's just a bit of point-and-click. Browse to \\PrintServer and right 1046That's just a bit of point-and-click. Browse to <path>\\PrintServer</path> and
1084click on the printer (HPDeskJet930C) and click connect. This will 1047right click on the printer (HPDeskJet930C) and click connect. This will download
1085download the drivers to the Windows client and now every application 1048the drivers to the Windows client and now every application (such as Word or
1086(such as Word or Acrobat) will offer HPDeskJet930C as an available 1049Acrobat) will offer HPDeskJet930C as an available printer to print to. :-)
1087printer to print to. :-)
1088</p> 1050</p>
1089 1051
1090</body> 1052</body>
1091</section> 1053</section>
1092</chapter> 1054</chapter>
1055
1093<chapter> 1056<chapter>
1094<title>Final Notes</title> 1057<title>Final Notes</title>
1095<section> 1058<section>
1096<title>A Fond Farewell</title> 1059<title>A Fond Farewell</title>
1097<body> 1060<body>
1098 1061
1099<p> 1062<p>
1100Well that should be it. You should now have a successful printing enviroment 1063That should be it. You should now have a successful printing enviroment that is
1101that is friendly to both Windows and *nix as well as a fully virus-free working 1064friendly to both Windows and *nix as well as a fully virus-free working share!
1102share!
1103</p> 1065</p>
1104 1066
1105</body> 1067</body>
1106</section> 1068</section>
1107</chapter> 1069</chapter>
1070
1108<chapter> 1071<chapter>
1109<title>Links and Resources</title> 1072<title>Links and Resources</title>
1110<section> 1073<section>
1111<title>Links</title> 1074<title>Links</title>
1112<body> 1075<body>
1116troubleshooting your installation: 1079troubleshooting your installation:
1117</p> 1080</p>
1118 1081
1119<ul> 1082<ul>
1120 <li><uri link="http://www.cups.org/">CUPS Homepage</uri></li> 1083 <li><uri link="http://www.cups.org/">CUPS Homepage</uri></li>
1084 <li>
1121 <li><uri link="http://www.samba.org/">Samba Homepage</uri></li> 1085 <uri link="http://www.samba.org/">Samba Homepage</uri>, especially the <uri
1086 link="http://www.samba.org/samba/docs/man/Samba-HOWTO-Collection/CUPS-printing.html">chapter
1087 on Samba/CUPS configuration</uri>
1088 </li>
1122 <li><uri link="http://linuxprinting.org/">LinuxPrinting dot Org</uri></li> 1089 <li><uri link="http://linuxprinting.org/">LinuxPrinting dot Org</uri></li>
1123 <li> 1090 <li>
1124 <uri link="http://www.linuxprinting.org/kpfeifle/SambaPrintHOWTO/">Kurt 1091 <uri link="http://www.linuxprinting.org/kpfeifle/SambaPrintHOWTO/">Kurt
1125 Pfeifle's Samba Print HOWTO</uri> ( 1092 Pfeifle's Samba Print HOWTO</uri> ( This HOWTO really covers <e>ANYTHING</e>
1126 This HOWTO really covers <e>ANYTHING</e> and <e>EVERYTHING</e>
1127 I've written here, plus a LOT more concerning CUPS and Samba, and 1093 and <e>EVERYTHING</e> I've written here, plus a LOT more concerning CUPS and
1128 generally printing support on networks. A really interesting read, 1094 Samba, and generally printing support on networks. A really interesting
1129 with lots and lots of details) 1095 read, with lots and lots of details.)
1130 </li> 1096 </li>
1131 <li><uri link="http://www.freebsddiary.org/cups.php">FreeBSD Diary's CUPS Topic</uri></li> 1097 <li><uri link="http://www.freebsddiary.org/cups.php">FreeBSD Diary's CUPS Topic</uri></li>
1132</ul> 1098</ul>
1133 1099
1134</body> 1100</body>
1136<section> 1102<section>
1137<title>Troubleshooting</title> 1103<title>Troubleshooting</title>
1138<body> 1104<body>
1139 1105
1140<p> 1106<p>
1107See <uri
1141See <uri link="http://www.linuxprinting.org/kpfeifle/SambaPrintHOWTO/Samba-HOWTO-Collection-3.0-PrintingChapter-11th-draft.html#37">this 1108link="http://www.linuxprinting.org/kpfeifle/SambaPrintHOWTO/Samba-HOWTO-Collection-3.0-PrintingChapter-11th-draft.html#37">this
1142page</uri> from Kurt Pfeifle's "Printing Support in Samba 3.0" 1109page</uri> from Kurt Pfeifle's "Printing Support in Samba 3.0" manual. Lots of
1143manual. Lots of useful tips there! Be sure to look this one up 1110useful tips there! Be sure to look this one up first, before posting questions
1144first, before posting questions and problems! Maybe the solution 1111and problems! Maybe the solution you're looking for is right there.
1145you're looking for is right there.
1146</p> 1112</p>
1147 1113
1148</body> 1114</body>
1149</section> 1115</section>
1150</chapter> 1116</chapter>

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