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1 drobbins 1.1 <?xml version="1.0"?>
2     <?xml-stylesheet href="/xsl/guide.xsl" type="text/xsl"?>
3 zhen 1.2 <guide link = "/doc/en/vi-guide.xml">
4 drobbins 1.1 <title>Learning vi -- the "cheatsheet" technique</title>
5     <author title="Author"><mail link="drobbins@gentoo.org">Daniel Robbins</mail></author>
6     <author title="Author"><mail link="stocke2@gentoo.org">Eric Stockbridge</mail></author>
7 bennyc 1.7 <author title="Editor"><mail link="bennyc@gentoo.org">Benny Chuang</mail></author>
8 drobbins 1.1 <abstract>This guide will teach you how to use vi, using a cheat sheet method to accelerate the learning process. This will be the first guide for vi, catering to beginners.</abstract>
9 bennyc 1.7 <version>1.1.2</version>
10     <date>2nd October 2003</date>
11 drobbins 1.1
12     <chapter>
13     <title>Getting Started</title>
14     <section>
15     <title>Introduction</title>
16     <body>
17     <p>
18 vapier 1.5 This tutorial will show you how to use vi, a powerful visual editor. Using a
19 drobbins 1.1 special accelerated "cheat sheet" method, this tutorial is designed to make you
20     a proficient vi user without requiring a huge time commitment. In this vi
21     tutorial, you'll learn how to move around, edit text, use insert mode, copy and
22     paste text, and use important vim extensions like visual mode and multi-window
23     editing.
24 vapier 1.5 </p>
25     <p>
26 drobbins 1.1 If you either don't know or aren't comfortable using vi, then you owe it to yourself
27     to take this tutorial and get up to speed with one of the most popular and powerful
28 vapier 1.5 Linux/UNIX visual editing programs.
29     </p>
30 drobbins 1.1
31     </body>
32     </section>
33     <section>
34     <title>About the guide</title>
35     <title>Learning vi -- accelerated</title>
36     <body>
37     <p>
38     There's one thing in particular that makes it difficult to learn vi -- vi has lots of commands.
39     In order to use vi effectively, you need to memorize quite a few. This can take a long time, and
40     one of the goals of this tutorial is not to take up a lot of your time. So, initially, we have
41     a challenge -- how exactly do I help you to memorize lots of commands in a short period of time?
42     </p>
43     <p>
44     To tackle this challenge, as we proceed through this tutorial, we're going to gradually put together
45     a vi "cheat sheet". This sheet will contain all the important vi commands. After you've completed
46     this tutorial, you'll be able to refer to this cheat sheet if you forget a particular command.
47     Over time, as you memorize commands, you'll gradually become less and less dependent on the cheat sheet.
48     By using the cheat-sheet technique, you'll be able to learn how to use vi faster than ever possible
49     before!
50     </p>
51     </body>
52     </section>
53     <section>
54     <title>The learning process</title>
55     <body>
57     <p>In this guide, I'm going to use several techniques to help you learn.
58     First, I'm going to describe how a particular command works, as you'd expect. Then, I'm going
59     to ask you to try to use the command in vi (for practice), and then I'm going to ask you to transcribe
60     the command to the cheat sheet (for later reference.) If you want to learn vi quickly, it's important
61     that you perform all these steps. Trying out a command in vi and transcribing
62     the command onto your cheat sheet will help you to memorize the command.
63     </p>
64     </body>
65     </section>
66     <section>
67     <title>Introducing vim</title>
68     <body>
70     <p>There are many versions of vi, and I'm going to be showing you how to use a
71     version of vi called "vim". vim is very popular and has a number of extensions
72     that make vi a lot nicer (whenever I demonstrate a vim-specific command, I'll
73 bennyc 1.7 make a note of it.) If you need to install vim, you can get it from <uri link="http://www.vim.org/">www.vim.org</uri>.
74 drobbins 1.1 In addition to an enhanced
75     command-line vi, vim also comes with gvim, a nice graphical editor which can be
76     configured to use the excellent GTK+ gui library. Here's a gvim screenshot
77     from my system:</p>
79 rajiv 1.6 <figure link="http://www.ibiblio.org/web-gentoo/images/vishot.png" short="screenshot" caption="VIM screenshot"/>
80 drobbins 1.1
81     <p>If you're a vi newbie, try to get gvim running on your system. Using vi
82     from a gui can make things a bit easier for beginners.</p>
84     </body>
85     </section>
86     </chapter>
87     <chapter>
88     <title>First Steps</title>
89     <section>
90     <title>Pick a file</title>
91     <body>
92     <p>Before using vi to edit files, you need to know how to use vi to move around in
93     a file. vi has a lot of movement commands, and we're going to take a look at many
94     of them. For this part of the tutorial, find an unimportant text file and load it into
95     vi by typing:</p>
96     <pre>
97     $ vi myfile.txt
98     </pre><p>
99     If you have vim installed, type "vim myfile.txt". If you'd prefer to use gvim, type
100     "gvim myfile.txt". myfile.txt should be the name of a text file on your system.
101     </p>
102     </body>
103     </section>
105     <section>
106     <title>Inside vi</title>
107     <body>
109     <p>After vi loads, you should see a part of the text file you loaded on your screen.
110     Congratulations -- you're in vi! Unlike many editors, when vi starts up, it is in
111     a special mode called "command mode". This means that if you press "l" on the keyboard,
112     instead of inserting an "l" into the file at the current cursor position, the cursor
113     will move one character to the right instead. In command mode, the
114     characters on your keyboard are used to send commands to vi rather than insert literal
115     characters into the text. One of the most essential types of commands are movement commands;
116     let's take a look at some.</p>
118     </body>
119     </section>
120     </chapter>
121     <chapter>
122     <title>Moving around</title>
123     <section>
124     <title>Moving in vi, part 1</title>
125     <body>
127     <p>When in command mode, you can use the <c>h</c>,<c>j</c>,<c>k</c> and <c>l</c> keys to move the cursor left,
128     down, up and right respectively. If you're using a modern version of vi, you can also
129     use the arrow keys for this purpose. The <c>h</c>,<c>j</c>,<c>k</c> and <c>l</c> keys are handy because once
130     you're comfortable with them, you'll be able to move around in the file without moving
131     your fingers from the home keyboard row. Try using <c>h</c>,<c>j</c>,<c>k</c> and <c>l</c> (and the arrow keys) to move
132     around in the text file. Try using <c>h</c> until you get to the beginning of a line. Notice that
133     vi doesn't allow you to "wrap around" to the previous line by hitting <c>h</c> while you're on the first
134     character. Likewise, you can't "wrap around" to the next line by hitting <c>l</c> at the end of a line.
135     </p>
137     </body>
138     </section>
139     <section>
140     <title>Moving in vi, part 2</title>
141     <body>
143     <p>vi offers special shortcuts for jumping to the beginning or end of the current line. You can
144     press <c>0</c> (zero) to jump to the first character of a line, and <c>$</c> to jump to the last character of the line.
145     Try 'em and see. Since vi has so many handy movement commands, it makes a great "pager" (like the
146     more or less commands.) Using vi as a pager will also help you to learn all the movement
147     commands very quickly.</p>
149     <p>You can also use <c>&lt;CTR&gt;F</c> and <c>&lt;CTR&gt;B</c> to move forwards and backwards a page at a time.
150     Modern versions of vi (like vim) will also allow you to use the PGUP and PGDOWN keys for this purpose.
151     </p>
153     </body>
154     </section>
155     <section>
156     <title>Word moves, part 1</title>
157     <body>
158     <p>vi also allows you to move to the left or right by word increments. To move to the <i>first</i> character of the
159     next word, press <c>w</c>. To move to the <i>last</i> character of the next word, press <c>e</c>. To move to the first character
160     of the <i>previous</i> word, press <c>b</c>. Test 'em out.</p>
161     </body>
162     </section>
164     <section>
165     <title>Word moves, part 2</title>
166     <body>
167     <p>After playing around with the word movement commands, you may have noticed that vi
168     considers words like "foo-bar-oni" as five separate words! This is because by default,
169     vi delimits words by spaces <i>or</i> punctuation. foo-bar-oni is therefore considered
170     five words: "foo","-","bar","-" and "oni".</p>
171     <p>Sometimes, this is what you want, and sometimes it isn't. Fortunately, vi also
172     understands the concept of a "bigword". vi delimits bigwords by <i>spaces or newlines only</i>.
173     This means that while foo-bar-oni is considered five vi words, it's considered only one
174     vi bigword.</p>
176     </body>
177     </section>
178     <section>
179     <title>Word moves, part 3</title>
180     <body>
181     <p>To jump around to the next and previous bigword, you can use a <i>capitalized</i>
182     word move command. Use <c>W</c> to jump to the first character of the next bigword, <c>E</c> to jump
183     to the last character of the next bigword, and <c>B</c> to jump to the first character
184     of the previous bigword. Test 'em out, and compare the matching word and bigword movement
185     commands until you understand their differences.
186     </p>
189     </body>
190     </section>
191     <section>
192     <title>Bigger moves</title>
193     <body>
194     <p>We just have a few more commands to cover before it's time to start puting together our
195     cheat sheet. You can use the <c>(</c> and <c>)</c> characters to move to the beginning of the previous and next sentence.
196     In addition, you can hit <c>{</c> or <c>}</c> to jump to the beginning of the current paragraph, and the beginning of the
197     next. Test 'em out.</p>
199     </body>
200     </section>
201     </chapter>
202     <chapter>
203     <title>quiting</title>
204     <section>
205     <title>Quitting</title>
206     <body>
207     <p>We've covered the basic movement commands, but there are another couple of commands that you need
208     to know. Typing <c>:q</c> will quit vi. If this doesn't work, then you probably accidentally modified the file
209     in some way. To tell vi to quit, throwing away any changes, type <c>:q!</c>. You should now be at the command
210     prompt.</p>
212     <p>In vi, any command that begins with a ":" is said to be an <i>ex-mode</i> command. This is because vi
213     has a built-in non-visual editor called <e>ex</e>. It can be used similarly to sed to perform line-based
214     editing operations. In addition, it can also be used to quit, as we've just seen. If you ever hit
215     the <c>Q</c> key while in command mode, you'll be transported to ex mode. If this ever happens to you , you'll
216     be confronted with a : prompt, and hitting enter will scroll the entire screen upwards. To get back
217     to good 'ol vi mode, simply type vi and hit enter.</p>
219     </body>
220     </section>
221     </chapter>
222     <chapter>
223     <title>The Cheat Sheet</title>
224     <section>
225     <title>The beginnings of the cheat sheet</title>
226     <body>
227     <p>We've covered a lot of commands, and it's time to transcribe them to our cheat sheet. For the
228     cheat sheet, you'll need a US letter or A4 sized piece of paper (we're going to pack a lot of info
229     onto this sheet!) Here's a picture of my cheat sheet after I've transcribed all the commands that
230     we've covered so far. Try to follow my layout if possible so that we can fit everything on one
231     sheet.</p>
233 rajiv 1.6 <figure link="http://www.ibiblio.org/web-gentoo/images/vicheat-first.png" short="First part of the cheat sheet" caption="Cheat Sheet"/>
234 drobbins 1.1
235     </body>
237     </section>
238     <section>
239     <title>Miscellaneous vi</title>
241     <body>
242     <p>Let's continue our rapid command-covering pace. In command-mode, you can jump to a particularline by typing <c>G</c>. To jump to the first line of a file, type <c>1G</c>. Note that <c>G</c> is capitalized.</p>
243     <p>If you want to jump to the next occurence of a particular text pattern, type <c>/&lt;regexp&gt;</c> and hit <c>enter</c>. Replace
244     &lt;regexp&gt; with the regular expression you're looking for. If you don't know how to use regular expressions, don't
245     fret -- typing <c>/foo</c> will move to the next occurence of <i>foo</i>. The only thing you'll need to watch out for is when
246     you want to refer to the literal <i>^</i>, <i>.</i>, <i>$</i> or <i>\</i> characters. Prefix these characters with a backslash (<i>\</i>), and you'll
247     be set. For example, <c>/foo\.gif</c> will search for the next occurence of "<i>foo.gif</i>".</p>
248     <p>To repeat the search forwards, hit <c>n</c>. To repeat the search backwards, type <c>N</c>. As always, test these
249     commands out in your very own vi editor. You can also type <c>//</c> to repeat the last search.</p>
251     </body>
252     </section>
253     </chapter>
254     <chapter>
255     <title>Saving and Editing</title>
256     <section>
257     <title>Save and save as...</title>
258     <body>
259     <p>We've covered how you can use the <i>ex</i> command <c>:q</c> to quit from vi. If you want to save your
260     changes, type <c>:w</c>. If you want to save your changes to another file, type <c>:w filename.txt</c> to
261     save as <e>filename.txt</e>. If you want to save and quit, type <c>:x</c> or <c>:wq</c>.</p>
262     <p>In vim (and other advanced vi editors, like elvis)<c>:w</c>, you can have multiple buffers open at once. To open a file into a new window, type <c>:sp filename.txt</c>. <e>filename.txt</e> will appear open for editing in a new split window. To switch between windows, type <c>&lt;CTR&gt;w&lt;CTR&gt;w</c> (control-w twice). Any <c>:q</c>, <c>:q!</c>, <c>:w</c> and <c>:x</c> commands that you enter will only be applied to the currently-active window.</p>
263     </body>
264     </section>
266     <section>
267     <title>Simple edits</title>
268     <body>
269     <p>Now, it's time to start learning some of the simple editing commands. The commands that
270     we'll cover here are considered "simple" because the commands keep you in command mode. The
271     more complex editing commands automatically put you into insert mode -- a mode that allows
272     you to enter literal data from the keyboard. We'll cover those in a bit.</p>
273     <p>For now, try moving over some characters and hitting <c>x</c> repeatedly. You'll see that <c>x</c>
274     will delete the current character under the cursor. Now, move to the middle of the paragraph
275     somewhere in your text file, and hit <c>J</c> (capitalized). You'll see that the <c>J</c> command tells
276 stocke2 1.3 vi to join the next line to the end of the current line. Now, move over a character and hit
277 drobbins 1.1 <c>r</c>, and then type in a new character; you'll see that the original character has been replaced.
278     Finally, move to any line in the file and
279     type <c>dd</c>. You'll see that <c>dd</c> deletes the current line of text.</p>
281     </body>
282     </section>
283     <section>
284     <title>Repeating and deleting</title>
285     <body>
286     <p>You can repeat any editing command by hitting the <c>.</c> key. If you experiment, you'll see that
287     typing <c>dd...</c> will delete 4 lines, and <c>J......</c> will join four lines. As usual, vi provides with
288     another handy shortcut.
289     </p>
290     <p>To delete text, you can also use the <c>d</c> command combined with any movement command. For example,
291     <c>dw</c> will delete from the current position to the beginning of the next word; <c>d)</c> will delete up until the
292     end of the next sentence, and <c>d}</c> will delete the remainder of the paragraph. Experiment with the
293 swift 1.4 <c>d</c> command and the other editing commands until you're comfortable with them.</p>
294 drobbins 1.1 </body>
295     </section>
296     <section>
297     <title>Undo!</title>
298     <body>
299     <p>Now that we're experimenting with deletion, it would be a good time to learn how to undo any changes.
300     By pressing <c>u</c>, the original version of vi allowed you to undo the last edit only. However, modern versions
301     of vi like vim will allow you to repeatedly press <c>u</c> to continue to undo changes to your file. Try combining
302     some <c>d</c> and <c>u</c> commands together.
303     </p>
304     </body>
305     </section>
307     <section>
308     <title>Updating the cheat sheet</title>
309     <body>
310     <p>Time to update the cheat sheet! After adding all the commands we've covered so far, your
311     cheat sheet should look like this:</p>
313 rajiv 1.6 <figure link="http://www.ibiblio.org/web-gentoo/images/vicheat-edit.png" short="Cheat sheet" caption="Cheat sheet with editing commands"/>
314 drobbins 1.1
315     </body>
316     </section>
317     </chapter>
318     <chapter>
319     <title>Insert mode</title>
320     <section>
321     <title>Insert mode</title>
323     <body>
324     <p>So far, we've covered how to move around in vi, perform file i/o, and perform basic editing
325     operations. However, I still haven't shown you how to actually type in free-form text! This
326     was intentional, because vi's insert mode is a bit complicated at first. However, after you
327     become comfortable with insert mode, its complexity (and flexibility) will become an asset.
328     </p>
329     <p>In vi insert mode, you'll be able to enter text directly to the screen just like you can in many
330     other visual editors. Once you've entered your modifications, you can hit escape to return to
331     command mode. You can enter insert mode by pressing <c>i</c> or <c>a</c>. If you press <c>i</c>, your text will be <e>inserted</e>
332     before the current character, and if you hit <c>a</c>, your text will be <e>appended</e> after the current character.
333     Remember, after you enter your text, hit <c>&lt;ESC&gt;</c> to return to command mode.</p>
334     </body>
335     </section>
336     <section>
337     <title>Benefits of insert mode</title>
338     <body>
339     <p>Go ahead and try using the <c>a</c> and <c>i</c> commands. Hit either <c>a</c> or <c>i</c>, type some text, and then hit
340     escape to get back to command mode. After hitting <c>a</c> or <c>i</c>, try hitting <c>&lt;ENTER&gt;</c>, and see what happens.
341     Try using the arrow keys and the <c>&lt;DEL&gt;</c> key to get a feel for how insert mode works. By using
342     the arrow keys and <c>&lt;DEL&gt;</c> key, you can perform significant editing steps without repeatedly entering
343     and leaving insert mode</p>
344     </body>
345     </section>
346     <section>
347     <title>Insert options</title>
348     <body>
349     <p>Here are some other handy ways to enter insert mode. Press <c>A</c> (captial) to begin appending
350     to the <e>end</e> of the current line, regardless of your current position on the line. Likewise, press
351     <c>I</c> (capital) to begin inserting text at the <e>beginning</e> of the current line. Press <c>o</c> to create
352     a new blank line below the current line into which you can insert text, and press <c>O</c> (capital) to
353     create a new line above the current line. To replace the entire current line with a new line,
354     press <c>cc</c>. To replace everything from the current position to the end of the line, type <c>c$</c>. To replace
355     everything from the current position to the beginning of the line, type <c>c0</c>.</p>
356     <p>In addition to performing a special operation, every one of these commands will put you
357     into insert mode. After typing in your text, hit <c>&lt;ESC&gt;</c> to return to command mode.
358     </p>
360     </body>
361     </section>
362     <section>
363     <title>Changing text</title>
364     <body>
365     <p>We've used the <c>c</c> (change) command a little bit so far when we typed <c>cc</c>, <c>c0</c> and <c>c$</c>. <c>cc</c> is a special
366     form of the change command, similar to <c>dd</c>. the <c>c0</c> and <c>c$</c> commands are examples of using the change
367     command in combination with a movement command. In this form, <c>c</c> works similarly to <c>d</c>, except that it
368     leaves you in insert mode so that you can enter replacement text for the deleted region. Try combining some
369     movement commands with <c>c</c> and test them out on your file (hint: <c>cW</c>, <c>ce</c>, <c>c(</c> .)
370     </p>
372     </body>
373     </section>
374     </chapter>
375     <chapter>
376     <title>Compound Commands</title>
377     <section>
378     <title>Compound commands</title>
379     <body>
380     <p>vi <e>really</e> becomes powerful when you start using compound ("combo") commands, like <c>d{</c> and <c>cw</c>.
381     In addition to these commands, you can also combine a number with any movement command, such as
382     <c>3w</c>, which will tell vi to jump three words to the right. Here are some more movement "combo" command
383     examples: <c>12b</c>, <c>4j</c>.</p>
384     <p>vi, in addition to allowing (number)(movement command) combinations, also allows <c>d</c> or <c>c</c>
385     to be combined with a number or movement command. So, <c>d3w</c> will delete the next three words, <c>d2j</c> will
386     delete the current and next two lines, etc. Test out some <c>c</c> and <c>d</c> combo moves to get a feel for
387     how powerful and concise vi editing can be. Once these commands are second-nature, you'll be able
388     to edit files at blazing speed.</p>
390     </body>
391     </section>
392     <section>
393     <title>Updating the cheat sheet</title>
394     <body>
395     <p>Time to update the cheat sheet again. Here's what it looks like so far:</p>
396     <p>
397 rajiv 1.6 <figure link="http://www.ibiblio.org/web-gentoo/images/vicheat-compound.png" short="Cheat Sheet" caption="Cheat sheet with compound commands"/>
398 drobbins 1.1
399     </p>
400     </body>
401     </section>
402     <section>
403     <title>Productivity features</title>
405     <body>
406     <p>So far, we've covered how to move, save and quit, perform simple edits
407     and deletions, and use insert mode. With everything listed on the cheat
408     sheet so far, you should be able to use vi to perform almost any task.</p>
409     <p>However, vi also has many more powerful commands. In this section, you'll
410     learn how to <e>cut</e>, <e>copy</e> and <e>paste</e>, <e>search</e> and <e>replace</e>, and use <e>autoindent</e>
411     features. These commands will help make vi more fun and productive.</p>
413     </body>
414     </section>
415     <section>
416     <title>Visual mode</title>
417     <body>
418     <p>The best way to cut and paste is to use visual mode, a special mode that
419     has been added to modern versions of vi, like vim and elvis. You can think
420     of visual mode as a "highlight text" mode. Once the text is highlighted,
421     it can be copied or deleted, and then pasted. If you are using gvim, you
422     can highlight by simply dragging the left mouse button over a particular
423     region:</p>
424     <p>
425 rajiv 1.6 <figure link="http://www.ibiblio.org/web-gentoo/images/vihighlight.png" short="Highlighted text" caption="VIM with highlighted text"/>
426 drobbins 1.1
427     </p>
428     </body>
429     </section>
430     <section>
431     <title></title>
432     <body>
434     <p>In addition, you can also enter visual mode by hitting <c>v</c> (this may be your
435 swift 1.4 only option if you are using vi from the console.) Then, by moving the cursor
436 drobbins 1.1 using movement commands (typically the arrow keys), you'll be able to highlight
437     a region of text. Once highlighted, we are ready to cut or copy the text.
438     </p>
440     <p>If you're copying the text, hit <c>y</c> (which stands for "yank"). If you're cutting
441     the text, hit <c>d</c>. You'll be placed back in command mode. Now, move to the position
442     where you'd like to insert the cut or copied text, and hit <c>P</c> to insert after the cursor,
443     or <c>p</c> to insert before the cursor. Voila, the cut/copy and paste is complete!
444     Test out several copy/cut and paste operations before advancing to the next section.
445     </p>
447     </body>
448     </section>
449     <section>
450     <title>Replacing text</title>
451     <body>
452     <p>To replace patterns of text, we use <e>ex</e> mode. If you'd like to replace the first pattern
453     that appears on the current line, type <c>:s/&lt;regexp&gt;/&lt;replacement&gt;/</c> and hit <c>&lt;ENTER&gt;</c>, where &lt;regexp&gt;
454     is the pattern you'd like to match and &lt;replacement&gt; is the replacement string. To replace all
455     matches on the current line, type <c>:s/&lt;regexp&gt;/&lt;replacement&gt;/g</c> and hit enter. To replace every
456     occurence of this pattern in your file (normally what you want), type <c>:%s/&lt;regexp&gt;/&lt;replacement&gt;/g</c>.
457     If you'd like to do a global replace, but have vi prompt you for each change, type
458     <c>:%s/&lt;regexp&gt;/&lt;replacement&gt;/gc</c> (stands for "confirm") and hit <c>&lt;ENTER&gt;</c>.</p>
460     </body>
461     </section>
462     <section>
463     <title>Indentation</title>
464     <body>
465     <p>vi supports autoindentation, for when you are editing source code. Most modern versions
466     of vi (like vim) will auto-enable autoindent mode when you are editing a source file (like a .c
467     file, for example). When autoindent is enabled, you can use <c>&lt;CTR&gt;d</c> (control-d) to move one indent
468     level to the left, and <c>&lt;CTR&gt;t</c> (control-t) to move one indent level to the right. If autoindent
469     wasn't enabled automatically, you can manually enable it by typing in the <e>ex</e> command <c>:set</c> autoindent.
470     You can also tell vi to set the tab size to your favorite setting by using the <c>:set tabstop</c> command;
471     <c>:set tabstop=4</c> is quite popular.</p>
473     </body>
474     </section>
475     <section>
476     <title>Our final cheat sheet</title>
477     <body>
478     <p>Well, we've reached the end of the vi tutorial! After adding all the advanced editing commands
479     to your cheat sheet, it should look like this:</p>
480     <p>
481 rajiv 1.6 <figure link="http://www.ibiblio.org/web-gentoo/images/vicheat-final.png" short="Cheat Sheet" caption="Final cheet sheet"/>
482 drobbins 1.1
483     </p>
485     <p>Keep your cheat sheet handy, and begin using vi to edit files and compose emails. Refer to the
486     cheat sheet when needed; you'll find that within the week, you'll have nearly all the commands
487     memorized and your vi productivity will shoot through the roof!</p>
489     </body>
490     </section>
491     <section>
492     <title>Resources</title>
493     <body>
494     <p>Here are some resources you may find helpful as you continue to learn more about vi:</p>
495     <ul>
496     <li><uri link="http://www.thomer.com/thomer/vi/vi.html">The vi Lovers Home Page</uri>, an excellent resource for all
497     things vi.</li>
498 rajiv 1.6 <li><uri link="http://www.vim.org/">The vim homepage</uri> is the place to go for all your vim needs.</li>
499 drobbins 1.1 <li>If you're looking for a good, old-fashioned book, <uri link="http://www.oreilly.com/catalog/vi6/">Learning the vi Editor, 6th Edition</uri> would be an excellent choice. Contains good coverage of vi and vi clones.</li>
500     </ul>
501     </body>
502     </section>
503     </chapter>
504     </guide>

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