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1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
3<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/xfce-config.xml,v 1.16 2008/02/24 08:36:44 nightmorph Exp $ --> 3<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/xfce-config.xml,v 1.27 2010/06/07 18:11:14 nightmorph Exp $ -->
4 4
5<guide link="/doc/en/xfce-config.xml"> 5<guide>
6<title>The Xfce Configuration Guide</title> 6<title>The Xfce Configuration Guide</title>
7 7
8<author title="Author"> 8<author title="Author">
9 <mail link="nightmorph@gentoo.org">Joshua Saddler</mail> 9 <mail link="nightmorph"/>
10</author> 10</author>
11 11
12<abstract> 12<abstract>
13This guide provides an extensive introduction to Xfce, a fast, lightweight, 13This guide provides an extensive introduction to Xfce, a fast, lightweight,
14full-featured desktop environment. 14full-featured desktop environment.
16 16
17<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 17<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
18<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 --> 18<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
19<license/> 19<license/>
20 20
21<version>1.12</version> 21<version>1.22</version>
22<date>2008-02-24</date> 22<date>2010-06-07</date>
23 23
24<chapter> 24<chapter>
25<title>Introduction</title> 25<title>Introduction</title>
26<section> 26<section>
27<title>The Xfce desktop environment</title> 27<title>The Xfce desktop environment</title>
33and is quite configurable while still adhering to the <uri 33and is quite configurable while still adhering to the <uri
34link="http://www.freedesktop.org">Freedesktop</uri> specifications. 34link="http://www.freedesktop.org">Freedesktop</uri> specifications.
35</p> 35</p>
36 36
37<p> 37<p>
38Unlike heavier desktop environments, such as Gnome and KDE, Xfce uses far fewer 38Unlike heavier desktop environments, such as <uri
39system resources. Additionally, it offers greater modularity and fewer 39link="http://www.gnome.org">Gnome</uri> and <uri
40dependencies; it takes up less space on your hard disk and takes less time to 40link="http://www.kde.org">KDE</uri>, Xfce uses far fewer system resources.
41install. 41Additionally, it offers greater modularity and fewer dependencies; it takes up
42less space on your hard disk and takes less time to install.
42</p> 43</p>
43 44
44<p> 45<p>
45This guide will not only show you how to install and configure a minimal Xfce 46This guide will not only show you how to install and configure a minimal Xfce
46environment, but will also explore options to create a full-featured desktop in 47environment, but will also explore options to create a full-featured desktop in
56<section> 57<section>
57<title>The basics</title> 58<title>The basics</title>
58<body> 59<body>
59 60
60<p> 61<p>
61First, make sure you've setup Xorg as shown in the <uri 62First, make sure you've configured Xorg as shown in the <uri
62link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml">X Server Configuration Howto</uri>. 63link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml">X Server Configuration Howto</uri>.
63</p> 64</p>
64 65
65<p> 66<p>
66Next, double-check your USE flags in <path>/etc/make.conf</path>; you'll 67Next, double-check your USE flags in <path>/etc/make.conf</path>; you'll
67probably at least want <c>USE="-gnome -kde -qt3 -qt4 X dbus hal startup-notification xscreensaver"</c>. 68probably at least want <c>USE="-gnome -kde -minimal -qt4 branding dbus
69hal jpeg lock session startup-notification thunar X"</c>.
68</p> 70</p>
69 71
70<p> 72<p>
71Now, let's install Xfce. 73Now, let's install Xfce.
72</p> 74</p>
73 75
74<pre caption="Installing Xfce"> 76<pre caption="Installing Xfce">
75# <i>emerge -avt xfce4</i> 77# <i>emerge -avt xfce4-meta</i>
76</pre> 78</pre>
77 79
78<p> 80<p>
79Next, add your regular user(s) to the <c>plugdev</c>, <c>cdrom</c>, <c>cdrw</c>, 81Next, add your regular user(s) to the <c>plugdev</c>, <c>cdrom</c>, <c>cdrw</c>,
80and <c>usb</c> groups, so that they can take full advantage of <c>hal</c> and be 82and <c>usb</c> groups, so that they can take full advantage of <c>hal</c> and be
120</p> 122</p>
121 123
122<pre caption="Setting Xfce as the default desktop environment"> 124<pre caption="Setting Xfce as the default desktop environment">
123$ <i>echo "exec startxfce4" > ~/.xinitrc</i> 125$ <i>echo "exec startxfce4" > ~/.xinitrc</i>
124</pre> 126</pre>
127
128<note>
129If you have ConsoleKit installed, your <path>~/.xinitrc</path> should instead
130contain <c>exec ck-launch-session startxfce4</c>. Otherwise, some of your
131applications may stop working. You'll also need to add consolekit to the
132default runlevel by running the following command as root: <c>rc-update add
133consolekit default</c>.
134</note>
125 135
126<p> 136<p>
127Now start your graphical environment by typing <c>startx</c>: 137Now start your graphical environment by typing <c>startx</c>:
128</p> 138</p>
129 139
208in the "Add New Item" menu shown when you right-click on the panel. 218in the "Add New Item" menu shown when you right-click on the panel.
209</p> 219</p>
210 220
211<ul> 221<ul>
212 <li> 222 <li>
213 <c>xfce4-mount</c> gives you a handy method of mounting devices listed in
214 <path>/etc/fstab</path> just by clicking your mouse
215 </li>
216 <li>
217 <c>xfce4-battery</c> is perfect for laptop users. It displays battery 223 <c>xfce4-battery-plugin</c> is perfect for laptop users. It displays battery
218 percentage, time remaining, power source (AC or battery), fan status, 224 percentage, time remaining, power source (AC or battery), fan status,
219 warnings, and can even be configured to execute commands at certain power 225 warnings, and can even be configured to execute commands at certain power
220 levels. This feature can be used to put the laptop into hibernate mode when 226 levels. This feature can be used to put the laptop into hibernate mode when
221 the battery is almost exhausted. 227 the battery is almost exhausted.
222 </li> 228 </li>
223 <li> 229 <li>
224 <c>verve</c> is a small command line embedded into the panel. It's quicker 230 <c>xfce4-verve-plugin</c> is a small command line embedded into the panel.
225 than opening up another terminal when you want to run a command. 231 It's quicker than opening up another terminal when you want to run a
226 </li> 232 command.
227 <li> 233 </li>
228 <c>xfce4-mixer</c> is a volume control. It works with both ALSA and OSS 234 <li>
229 sound applications. 235 <c>xfce4-mount-plugin</c> gives you a handy method of mounting devices
236 listed in <path>/etc/fstab</path> just by clicking your mouse
237 </li>
238 <li>
239 <c>xfce4-sensors-plugin</c> lets you monitor your hardware sensors, such as
240 CPU temperature, fan RPM, hard drive temp, motherboard voltage, and more
230 </li> 241 </li>
231</ul> 242</ul>
232 243
233<p> 244<p>
234If you can't find what you're looking for in the plugins specifically made for 245If you can't find what you're looking for in the plugins specifically made for
235Xfce, try searching through the list of Gnome panel applets! That's right, by 246Xfce, try searching through the list of Gnome panel applets! That's right, by
236first emerging <c>xfce4-xfapplet</c>, you can install and run any applet made 247first emerging <c>xfce4-xfapplet-plugin</c>, you can install and run any applet
237for Gnome. 248made for Gnome.
238</p> 249</p>
239 250
240</body> 251</body>
241</section> 252</section>
242<section> 253<section>
243<title>Useful programs</title> 254<title>Useful programs</title>
244<body> 255<body>
245 256
246<p> 257<p>
247Xfce bundles a few useful applications, including <c>thunar</c>, 258We should now <c>emerge</c> some useful applications and utilities:
248<c>terminal</c>, <c>orage</c>, and <c>mousepad</c>. Note that the last three 259<c>xfce4-mixer</c>, <c>xfprint</c>, <c>xfce4-taskmanager</c>,
249will not be installed if you built <c>xfce4</c> with the <c>minimal</c> USE 260<c>xfwm4-themes</c>, <c>orage</c>, <c>mousepad</c>, <c>x11-terms/terminal</c>,
250flag. However, these are all very small, yet terrific applications, so they're 261and <c>thunar</c>.
251well worth installing. 262</p>
263
264<p>
265<c>xfce4-mixer</c> is a volume control for your sound card. It can also be run
266as a panel applet, giving you fast access to playback volume. <c>xfprint</c>
267provides easy printer management and job control; it's a must if you intend to
268do any printing from your desktop. <c>xfce4-taskmanager</c> displays a list of
269all running programs, and the CPU and memory consumption each one takes up. By
270right-clicking an item, you can kill a misbehaving application, pause and
271restart it, or even alter its runtime priority, which lets you fine-tune how
272much of a demand it puts on your system's resources.
273</p>
274
275<p>
276<c>xfwm4-themes</c> adds several window manager themes. You may want to add a
277more full-coverage icon theme such as <c>tango-icon-theme</c> just to round out
278your desktop.
252</p> 279</p>
253 280
254<p> 281<p>
255<c>orage</c> is a simple, handy calendar. <c>mousepad</c> is a barebones text 282<c>orage</c> is a simple, handy calendar. <c>mousepad</c> is a barebones text
256editor that starts up extremely quickly. <c>terminal</c> is far more 283editor that starts up extremely quickly. <c>x11-terms/terminal</c> is an X11
257configurable and useful than xterm, and supports Unicode text, 284terminal emulator, far more configurable and useful than the barebones
285<c>xterm</c> supplied with <c>xorg-server</c>. <c>terminal</c> supports Unicode
258pseudo-transparency and accelerated transparency via Xfce's built-in 286text, pseudo-transparency and accelerated transparency via Xfce's built-in
259compositor, all out-of-the-box. Just make sure that the default action on the 287compositor, all out-of-the-box. Just make sure that the default action on the
260terminal launcher of your panel runs <path>/usr/bin/Terminal</path> instead of 288terminal launcher of your panel runs <path>/usr/bin/Terminal</path> instead of
261xterm. Right click the launcher and choose "Properties" to change the command. 289xterm. Right click the launcher and choose "Properties" to change the command.
262</p> 290</p>
263 291
264<p> 292<p>
265<c>thunar</c> is Xfce's built-in graphical file manager. It's fast yet quite 293<c>thunar</c> is Xfce's default graphical file manager. It's fast yet quite
266powerful, can support a few plugins for even more functionality; just install 294powerful, can support several plugins for even more functionality; just install
267them with <c>emerge</c>. Let's take a look: 295them with <c>emerge</c>. Let's take a look:
268</p> 296</p>
269 297
270<ul> 298<ul>
271 <li> 299 <li>
272 <c>thunar-archive</c> lets you create and extract archive files using the 300 <c>thunar-archive-plugin</c> lets you create and extract archive files using
273 right-click menu. It works even better when paired with the new graphical 301 the right-click menu. It provides a handy <uri
274 archiving <uri
275 link="http://www.foo-projects.org/~benny/projects/thunar-archive-plugin/">tool</uri> 302 link="http://www.foo-projects.org/~benny/projects/thunar-archive-plugin">front-end</uri>
276 developed for Xfce, <c>xarchiver</c>. 303 for graphical archiving applications such as <c>xarchiver</c>,
277 </li> 304 <c>squeeze</c>, and <c>file-roller</c>.
278 <li> 305 </li>
306 <li>
279 <c>thunar-media-tags</c> lets you intelligently rename multiple media files 307 <c>thunar-media-tags-plugin</c> lets you intelligently rename multiple media
280 at once, and lets you <uri 308 files at once, and lets you <uri
281 link="http://thunar.xfce.org/pwiki/projects/thunar-media-tags-plugin">edit</uri> 309 link="http://thunar.xfce.org/pwiki/projects/thunar-media-tags-plugin">edit</uri>
282 their information tags, such as id3 tags. 310 their information tags, such as id3 and ogg tags.
283 </li> 311 </li>
284 <li> 312 <li>
285 <c>thunar-thumbnailers</c> lets you <uri 313 <c>thunar-thumbnailers</c> lets you <uri
286 link="http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/thunar-plugins/thunar-thumbnailers">preview</uri> 314 link="http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/thunar-plugins/thunar-thumbnailers">preview</uri>
287 certain types of files from within Thunar, such as images and fonts. 315 certain types of files from within Thunar, such as images and fonts.
297Next, let's see about adding some useful but lightweight desktop applications, 325Next, let's see about adding some useful but lightweight desktop applications,
298in keeping with Xfce's philosophy. 326in keeping with Xfce's philosophy.
299</p> 327</p>
300 328
301<p> 329<p>
302Though <c>mousepad</c> is nice enough, if you need a full-featured word 330Though <c>mousepad</c> is nice enough as a basic text editor, if you need a
303processor but don't want the bloat of OpenOffice, try emerging <c>abiword</c>. 331full-featured word processor but don't want the bloat of OpenOffice, try
304<uri link="http://www.abisource.com">AbiWord</uri> is lighter, faster, and is 332emerging <c>abiword</c>. <uri link="http://www.abisource.com">AbiWord</uri> is
305completely interoperable with industry-standard document types. 333lighter, faster, and is completely interoperable with industry-standard document
306</p> 334types. It can also be further extended with <c>abiword-plugins</c>.
307
308<pre caption="Adding a word processor">
309# <i>emerge -avt abiword</i>
310</pre> 335</p>
311 336
312<p> 337<p>
313Need a nice email client/newsreader that isn't as demanding as 338Need a nice email client/newsreader that isn't as demanding as
314<c>mozilla-thunderbird</c> or <c>evolution</c>? Try emerging <c>claws-mail</c>. 339<c>mozilla-thunderbird</c> or <c>evolution</c>? Try emerging <c>claws-mail</c>.
315</p> 340</p>
321<c>emerge pidgin</c>. 346<c>emerge pidgin</c>.
322</p> 347</p>
323 348
324<p> 349<p>
325If you need movie and music players, look no further than <c>mplayer</c> and 350If you need movie and music players, look no further than <c>mplayer</c> and
351<uri link="/proj/en/desktop/sound/decibel.xml">decibel-audio-player</uri>. They
326<c>audacious</c>. They can play most every media format available quite nicely, 352can play most every media format available quite nicely.
327and have a wealth of additional plugins available for additional functionality.
328</p> 353</p>
329 354
330<p> 355<p>
331Finally, you'll need a webbrowser. Nearly all graphical webbrowsers require more 356Finally, you'll need a webbrowser. Nearly all graphical webbrowsers require more
332resources than most of your other desktop applications. Still, 357resources than most of your other desktop applications. Still,
385 410
386<pre caption="Installing SLiM"> 411<pre caption="Installing SLiM">
387# <i>emerge -avt slim</i> 412# <i>emerge -avt slim</i>
388</pre> 413</pre>
389 414
415<note>
416The <c>branding</c> USE flag will pull in the <c>slim-themes</c> package, which
417will give you an assortment of login themes, including a Gentoo Linux theme.
418</note>
419
390<p> 420<p>
391Then edit the DISPLAYMANAGER variable in <path>/etc/conf.d/xdm</path>: 421Then edit the DISPLAYMANAGER variable in <path>/etc/conf.d/xdm</path>:
392</p> 422</p>
393 423
394<pre caption="Editing /etc/conf.d/xdm"> 424<pre caption="Editing /etc/conf.d/xdm">
395DISPLAYMANAGER="slim" 425DISPLAYMANAGER="slim"
396</pre> 426</pre>
397 427
398<p> 428<p>
399SLiM can automatically start your Xfce session if you add 429SLiM can automatically start your Xfce session if you add
400<c>XSESSION="Xfce4"</c> to <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>. 430<c>XSESSION="Xfce4"</c> to <path>/etc/env.d/90xsession</path>:
431</p>
432
433<pre caption="Setting XSESSION">
434# <i>echo XSESSION=\"Xfce4\" > /etc/env.d/90xsession</i>
435# <i>env-update &amp;&amp; source /etc/profile</i>
401</p> 436</pre>
402 437
403</body> 438</body>
404</section> 439</section>
405<section> 440<section>
406<title>Beautifying your desktop</title> 441<title>Beautifying your desktop</title>
430<p> 465<p>
431If you installed SLiM as your display manager, there are lots of themes in the 466If you installed SLiM as your display manager, there are lots of themes in the
432<c>slim-themes</c> package available in Portage. Also, be sure to check the SLiM 467<c>slim-themes</c> package available in Portage. Also, be sure to check the SLiM
433<uri link="http://slim.berlios.de/themes01.php">themes page</uri> for more 468<uri link="http://slim.berlios.de/themes01.php">themes page</uri> for more
434themes. Creating your own SLiM theme is fairly easy; just read the <uri 469themes. Creating your own SLiM theme is fairly easy; just read the <uri
435link="http://slim.berlios.de/themes_howto.php">Themes HowTo</uri>. 470link="http://slim.berlios.de/themes_howto.php">Themes HowTo</uri>. Gentoo also
471ships a <c>slim-themes</c> package that you can <c>emerge</c>.
436</p> 472</p>
437 473
438<p> 474<p>
439Finally, Xfce has its own built-in compositor to manage window transparency. 475Finally, Xfce has its own built-in compositor to manage window transparency.
440This option can be found in Menu --> Settings --> Window Manager. For best 476This option can be found in Menu --> Settings --> Window Manager. For best
457<uri link="/doc/en/index.xml?catid=desktop">Desktop Documentation 493<uri link="/doc/en/index.xml?catid=desktop">Desktop Documentation
458Resources</uri> list to learn about configuring hardware-accelerated rendering 494Resources</uri> list to learn about configuring hardware-accelerated rendering
459for your graphics card. 495for your graphics card.
460</p> 496</p>
461 497
498<p>
499Once you've finished setting up a beautiful Xfce desktop, the next thing to do
500is take a picture of it to share with other folks! Just install
501<c>xfce4-screenshooter</c> and post your pictures somewhere for all to admire.
502</p>
503
462</body> 504</body>
463</section> 505</section>
464</chapter> 506</chapter>
465 507
466<chapter> 508<chapter>

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