/[gentoo]/xml/htdocs/doc/en/xfce-config.xml
Gentoo

Diff of /xml/htdocs/doc/en/xfce-config.xml

Parent Directory Parent Directory | Revision Log Revision Log | View Patch Patch

Revision 1.4 Revision 1.31
1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?> 1<?xml version='1.0' encoding='UTF-8'?>
2
3<!-- $Header $ -->
4
5<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd"> 2<!DOCTYPE guide SYSTEM "/dtd/guide.dtd">
3<!-- $Header: /var/cvsroot/gentoo/xml/htdocs/doc/en/xfce-config.xml,v 1.31 2010/07/26 01:48:40 nightmorph Exp $ -->
6 4
7<guide link="/doc/en/xfce-config.xml"> 5<guide>
8
9<title>The Xfce Configuration Guide</title> 6<title>The Xfce Configuration Guide</title>
10 7
11<author title="Author"> 8<author title="Author">
12 <mail link="nightmorph@gentoo.org">Joshua Saddler</mail> 9 <mail link="nightmorph"/>
13</author> 10</author>
14 11
15<abstract> 12<abstract>
16This guide provides an extensive introduction to Xfce, a fast, lightweight, 13This guide provides an extensive introduction to Xfce, a fast, lightweight,
17full-featured desktop environment. 14full-featured desktop environment.
19 16
20<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license --> 17<!-- The content of this document is licensed under the CC-BY-SA license -->
21<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 --> 18<!-- See http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.5 -->
22<license/> 19<license/>
23 20
24<version>1.3</version> 21<version>1.26</version>
25<date>2007-03-11</date> 22<date>2010-07-25</date>
26 23
27<chapter> 24<chapter>
28<title>Introduction</title> 25<title>Introduction</title>
29<section> 26<section>
30<title>The Xfce desktop environment</title> 27<title>The Xfce desktop environment</title>
36and is quite configurable while still adhering to the <uri 33and is quite configurable while still adhering to the <uri
37link="http://www.freedesktop.org">Freedesktop</uri> specifications. 34link="http://www.freedesktop.org">Freedesktop</uri> specifications.
38</p> 35</p>
39 36
40<p> 37<p>
41Unlike heavier desktop environments, such as Gnome and KDE, Xfce uses far fewer 38Unlike heavier desktop environments, such as <uri
42system resources. Additionally, it offers greater modularity and fewer 39link="http://www.gnome.org">Gnome</uri> and <uri
43dependencies; it takes up less space on your hard disk and takes less time to 40link="http://www.kde.org">KDE</uri>, Xfce uses far fewer system resources.
44install. 41Additionally, it offers greater modularity and fewer dependencies; it takes up
42less space on your hard disk and takes less time to install.
45</p> 43</p>
46 44
47<p> 45<p>
48This guide will not only show you how to install and configure a minimal Xfce 46This guide will not only show you how to install and configure a minimal Xfce
49environment, but will also explore options to create a full-featured desktop in 47environment, but will also explore options to create a full-featured desktop in
50keeping with the Xfce philosophy: light, fast, and modular. 48keeping with the Xfce philosophy: light, fast, and modular.
51</p> 49</p>
52 50
53<p>
54Additionally, this guide will show you how to <uri link="#upgrade">upgrade</uri>
55from version 4.2 to 4.4.
56</p>
57
58</body> 51</body>
59</section> 52</section>
60</chapter> 53</chapter>
61 54
62<chapter> 55<chapter>
64<section> 57<section>
65<title>The basics</title> 58<title>The basics</title>
66<body> 59<body>
67 60
68<p> 61<p>
69Before we install our fully-functional yet minimal desktop, let's take a moment 62First, make sure you've configured Xorg as shown in the <uri
70to review the basic packages we'll be emerging. 63link="/doc/en/xorg-config.xml">X Server Configuration Howto</uri>.
71</p>
72
73<table>
74<tr>
75 <th>Name</th>
76 <th>Description</th>
77</tr>
78<tr>
79 <ti>xfce4</ti>
80 <ti>The base Xfce desktop environment</ti>
81</tr>
82<tr>
83 <ti>xscreensaver</ti>
84 <ti>
85 A screensaver with powersaving features and the ability to lock the screen
86 for security
87 </ti>
88</tr>
89</table>
90
91<p> 64</p>
92You're free to install any other packages you wish, but for now, we'll stick 65
93with these suggestions for a fast, minimal working environment. Double check 66<p>
94your USE flags in <path>/etc/make.conf</path>; you'll probably at least want 67Next, double-check your USE flags in <path>/etc/make.conf</path>; you'll
95<c>USE="dbus -gnome hal startup-notification"</c>. 68probably at least want <c>USE="-gnome -kde -minimal -qt4 branding dbus
69hal jpeg lock session startup-notification thunar X"</c>.
96</p> 70</p>
97 71
98<p> 72<p>
99Now, let's install Xfce. 73Now, let's install Xfce.
100</p> 74</p>
101 75
102<pre caption="Installing Xfce"> 76<pre caption="Installing Xfce">
103# <i>emerge -avt xfce4 xscreensaver</i> 77# <i>emerge -avt xfce4-meta</i>
104</pre> 78</pre>
105 79
106<p> 80<p>
107Next, add your regular user(s) to the <c>plugdev</c>, <c>cdrom</c>, <c>cdrw</c>, 81Next, add your regular user(s) to the <c>plugdev</c>, <c>cdrom</c>, <c>cdrw</c>,
108and <c>usb</c> groups, so that they can take full advantage of <c>hal</c> and be 82and <c>usb</c> groups, so that they can take full advantage of <c>hal</c> and be
129<pre caption="Starting hald"> 103<pre caption="Starting hald">
130# <i>/etc/init.d/hald start</i> 104# <i>/etc/init.d/hald start</i>
131# <i>rc-update add hald default</i> 105# <i>rc-update add hald default</i>
132</pre> 106</pre>
133 107
108<p>
109You'll also need a graphical terminal so that you can continue working with your
110new desktop environment. <c>x11-terms/terminal</c> is a good choice, as it's
111made specifically for Xfce. Install Terminal as shown:
112</p>
113
114<pre caption="Installing Terminal">
115# <i>emerge x11-terms/terminal</i>
116</pre>
117
134</body> 118</body>
135</section> 119</section>
136</chapter> 120</chapter>
137 121
138<chapter> 122<chapter>
148</p> 132</p>
149 133
150<pre caption="Setting Xfce as the default desktop environment"> 134<pre caption="Setting Xfce as the default desktop environment">
151$ <i>echo "exec startxfce4" > ~/.xinitrc</i> 135$ <i>echo "exec startxfce4" > ~/.xinitrc</i>
152</pre> 136</pre>
137
138<note>
139If you have ConsoleKit installed, your <path>~/.xinitrc</path> should instead
140contain <c>exec ck-launch-session startxfce4</c>. Otherwise, some of your
141applications may stop working. You'll also need to add consolekit to the
142default runlevel by running the following command as root: <c>rc-update add
143consolekit default</c>.
144</note>
153 145
154<p> 146<p>
155Now start your graphical environment by typing <c>startx</c>: 147Now start your graphical environment by typing <c>startx</c>:
156</p> 148</p>
157 149
236in the "Add New Item" menu shown when you right-click on the panel. 228in the "Add New Item" menu shown when you right-click on the panel.
237</p> 229</p>
238 230
239<ul> 231<ul>
240 <li> 232 <li>
241 <c>xfce4-mount</c> gives you a handy method of mounting devices listed in
242 <path>/etc/fstab</path> just by clicking your mouse
243 </li>
244 <li>
245 <c>xfce4-battery</c> is perfect for laptop users. It displays battery 233 <c>xfce4-battery-plugin</c> is perfect for laptop users. It displays battery
246 percentage, time remaining, power source (AC or battery), fan status, 234 percentage, time remaining, power source (AC or battery), fan status,
247 warnings, and can even be configured to execute commands at certain power 235 warnings, and can even be configured to execute commands at certain power
248 levels. This feature can be used to put the laptop into hibernate mode when 236 levels. This feature can be used to put the laptop into hibernate mode when
249 the battery is almost exhausted. 237 the battery is almost exhausted.
250 </li> 238 </li>
251 <li> 239 <li>
252 <c>verve</c> is a small command line embedded into the panel. It's quicker 240 <c>xfce4-verve-plugin</c> is a small command line embedded into the panel.
253 than opening up another terminal when you want to run a command. 241 It's quicker than opening up another terminal when you want to run a
254 </li> 242 command.
255 <li> 243 </li>
256 <c>xfce4-mixer</c> is a volume control. It works with both ALSA and OSS 244 <li>
257 sound applications. 245 <c>xfce4-mount-plugin</c> gives you a handy method of mounting devices
246 listed in <path>/etc/fstab</path> just by clicking your mouse
247 </li>
248 <li>
249 <c>xfce4-sensors-plugin</c> lets you monitor your hardware sensors, such as
250 CPU temperature, fan RPM, hard drive temp, motherboard voltage, and more
258 </li> 251 </li>
259</ul> 252</ul>
260 253
261<p> 254<p>
262If you can't find what you're looking for in the plugins specifically made for 255If you can't find what you're looking for in the plugins specifically made for
263Xfce, try searching through the list of Gnome panel applets! That's right, by 256Xfce, try searching through the list of Gnome panel applets! That's right, by
264first emerging <c>xfce4-xfapplet</c>, you can install and run any applet made 257first emerging <c>xfce4-xfapplet-plugin</c>, you can install and run any applet
265for Gnome. 258made for Gnome.
266</p> 259</p>
267 260
268</body> 261</body>
269</section> 262</section>
270<section> 263<section>
271<title>Useful programs</title> 264<title>Useful programs</title>
272<body> 265<body>
273 266
274<p> 267<p>
275Xfce bundles a few useful applications, including <c>thunar</c>, 268We should now <c>emerge</c> some useful applications and utilities:
276<c>terminal</c>, <c>orage</c>, and <c>mousepad</c>. Note that the last three 269<c>xfce4-mixer</c>, <c>xfprint</c>, <c>xfce4-taskmanager</c>,
277will not be installed if you built <c>xfce4</c> with the <c>minimal</c> USE 270<c>xfwm4-themes</c>, <c>orage</c>, <c>mousepad</c>, <c>x11-terms/terminal</c>,
278flag. However, these are all very small, yet terrific applications, so they're 271and <c>thunar</c>.
279well worth installing. 272</p>
273
274<p>
275<c>xfce4-mixer</c> is a volume control for your sound card. It can also be run
276as a panel applet, giving you fast access to playback volume. <c>xfprint</c>
277provides easy printer management and job control; it's a must if you intend to
278do any printing from your desktop. <c>xfce4-taskmanager</c> displays a list of
279all running programs, and the CPU and memory consumption each one takes up. By
280right-clicking an item, you can kill a misbehaving application, pause and
281restart it, or even alter its runtime priority, which lets you fine-tune how
282much of a demand it puts on your system's resources.
283</p>
284
285<p>
286<c>xfwm4-themes</c> adds several window manager themes. You may want to add a
287more full-coverage icon theme such as <c>tango-icon-theme</c> just to round out
288your desktop.
280</p> 289</p>
281 290
282<p> 291<p>
283<c>orage</c> is a simple, handy calendar. <c>mousepad</c> is a barebones text 292<c>orage</c> is a simple, handy calendar. <c>mousepad</c> is a barebones text
284editor that starts up extremely quickly. <c>terminal</c> is far more 293editor that starts up extremely quickly. <c>x11-terms/terminal</c> is an X11
285configurable and useful than xterm, and supports Unicode text, 294terminal emulator, far more configurable and useful than the barebones
295<c>xterm</c>. <c>terminal</c> supports Unicode text, color schemes,
286pseudo-transparency and accelerated transparency via Xfce's built-in 296pseudo-transparency and hardware-accelerated transparency via Xfce's built-in
287compositor, all out-of-the-box. Just make sure that the default action on the 297compositor, all out-of-the-box. Just make sure that the default action on the
288terminal launcher of your panel runs <path>/usr/bin/Terminal</path> instead of 298terminal launcher of your panel runs <path>/usr/bin/Terminal</path> instead of
289xterm. Right click the launcher and choose "Properties" to change the command. 299<path>xterm</path>. Right-click the launcher and choose "Properties" to change
290</p> 300the command.
291
292<p> 301</p>
302
303<p>
293<c>thunar</c> is Xfce's built-in graphical file manager. It's fast yet quite 304<c>thunar</c> is Xfce's default graphical file manager. It's fast yet quite
294powerful, can support a few plugins for even more functionality; just install 305powerful, can support several plugins for even more functionality; just install
295them with <c>emerge</c>. Let's take a look: 306them with <c>emerge</c>. Let's take a look:
296</p> 307</p>
297 308
298<ul> 309<ul>
299 <li> 310 <li>
300 <c>thunar-archive</c> lets you create and extract archive files using the 311 <c>thunar-archive-plugin</c> lets you create and extract archive files using
301 right-click menu. It works even better when paired with the new graphical 312 the right-click menu. It provides a handy <uri
302 archiving <uri
303 link="http://www.foo-projects.org/~benny/projects/thunar-archive-plugin/">tool</uri> 313 link="http://www.foo-projects.org/~benny/projects/thunar-archive-plugin">front-end</uri>
304 developed for Xfce, <c>xarchiver</c>. 314 for graphical archiving applications such as <c>xarchiver</c>,
305 </li> 315 <c>squeeze</c>, and <c>file-roller</c>.
306 <li> 316 </li>
317 <li>
307 <c>thunar-media-tags</c> lets you intelligently rename multiple media files 318 <c>thunar-media-tags-plugin</c> lets you intelligently rename multiple media
308 at once, and lets you <uri 319 files at once, and lets you <uri
309 link="http://thunar.xfce.org/pwiki/projects/thunar-media-tags-plugin">edit</uri> 320 link="http://thunar.xfce.org/pwiki/projects/thunar-media-tags-plugin">edit</uri>
310 their information tags, such as id3 tags. 321 their information tags, such as id3 and ogg tags.
311 </li> 322 </li>
312 <li> 323 <li>
313 <c>thunar-thumbnailers</c> lets you <uri 324 <c>thunar-thumbnailers</c> lets you <uri
314 link="http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/thunar-plugins/thunar-thumbnailers">preview</uri> 325 link="http://goodies.xfce.org/projects/thunar-plugins/thunar-thumbnailers">preview</uri>
315 certain types of files from within Thunar, such as images and fonts. 326 certain types of files from within Thunar, such as images and fonts.
325Next, let's see about adding some useful but lightweight desktop applications, 336Next, let's see about adding some useful but lightweight desktop applications,
326in keeping with Xfce's philosophy. 337in keeping with Xfce's philosophy.
327</p> 338</p>
328 339
329<p> 340<p>
330Though <c>mousepad</c> is nice enough, if you need a full-featured word 341Though <c>mousepad</c> is nice enough as a basic text editor, if you need a
331processor but don't want the bloat of OpenOffice, try emerging <c>abiword</c>. 342full-featured word processor but don't want the bloat of OpenOffice, try
332<uri link="http://www.abisource.com">AbiWord</uri> is lighter, faster, and is 343emerging <c>abiword</c>. <uri link="http://www.abisource.com">AbiWord</uri> is
333completely interoperable with industry-standard document types. 344lighter, faster, and is completely interoperable with industry-standard document
334</p> 345types. It can also be further extended with <c>abiword-plugins</c>.
335
336<pre caption="Adding a word processor">
337# <i>emerge -avt abiword</i>
338</pre> 346</p>
339 347
340<p> 348<p>
341Need a nice email client/newsreader that isn't as demanding as 349Need a nice email client/newsreader that isn't as demanding as
342<c>mozilla-thunderbird</c> or <c>evolution</c>? Try emerging 350<c>thunderbird</c> or <c>evolution</c>? Try emerging <c>claws-mail</c>.
343<c>sylpheed-claws</c> or <c>claws-mail</c>.
344</p> 351</p>
345 352
346<p> 353<p>
347For your internet chat needs, <c>irssi</c> is an excellent, tiny, incredibly 354For your internet chat needs, <c>irssi</c> is an excellent, tiny, incredibly
348configurable IRC client that runs in your terminal. If you prefer a compact 355configurable IRC client that runs in your terminal. If you prefer a compact
349all-in-one client that handles nearly all chat protocols, you may want to 356all-in-one client that handles nearly all chat protocols, you may want to
350<c>emerge gaim</c>. 357<c>emerge pidgin</c>.
351</p> 358</p>
352 359
353<p> 360<p>
354If you need movie and music players, look no further than <c>mplayer</c> and 361If you need movie and music players, look no further than <c>mplayer</c> and
362<uri link="/proj/en/desktop/sound/decibel.xml">decibel-audio-player</uri>. They
355<c>audacious</c>. They can play most every media format available quite nicely, 363can play most every media format available quite nicely.
356and have a wealth of additional plugins available for additional functionality.
357</p> 364</p>
358 365
359<p> 366<p>
360Finally, you'll need a webbrowser. Nearly all graphical webbrowsers require more 367Finally, you'll need a webbrowser. Nearly all graphical webbrowsers require more
361resources than most of your other desktop applications. Still, 368resources than most of your other desktop applications. Still, <c>firefox</c>
362<c>mozilla-firefox</c> (or <c>mozilla-firefox-bin</c>) is always a good choice. 369(or <c>firefox-bin</c>) is always a good choice. Alternatively, you may find
363Alternatively, you may find <c>opera</c> to be quite fast. However, <c>opera</c> 370<c>opera</c> to be quite fast. However, <c>opera</c> is not available on as many
364is not available on as many processor architectures as <c>mozilla-firefox</c>, 371processor architectures as <c>firefox</c>, and it has more dependencies unless
365and it has more dependencies unless you override them with a USE flag. 372you override them with a few USE flags.
366</p> 373</p>
367 374
368<pre caption="Adding a webbrowser"> 375<pre caption="Adding a webbrowser">
369<comment>(Installing Mozilla Firefox)</comment> 376<comment>(Installing Mozilla Firefox)</comment>
370# <i>emerge mozilla-firefox</i> 377# <i>emerge firefox</i>
371<comment>(Installing Opera)</comment> 378<comment>(Installing Opera)</comment>
372# <i>echo "www-client/opera qt-static" >> /etc/portage/package.use</i> 379# <i>echo "www-client/opera gtk -kde" >> /etc/portage/package.use</i>
373# <i>emerge opera</i> 380# <i>emerge opera</i>
374</pre> 381</pre>
375 382
376<p> 383<p>
377Now that we've explored some good suggestions for rounding out your desktop 384Now that we've explored some good suggestions for rounding out your desktop
401</pre> 408</pre>
402 409
403<p> 410<p>
404We aren't quite finished yet. We have to pick a display manager and set the 411We aren't quite finished yet. We have to pick a display manager and set the
405appropriate variable. Though there are a few choices available in Portage, for 412appropriate variable. Though there are a few choices available in Portage, for
406this guide, we'll stick with two display manager options: <c>xdm</c> and 413this guide, we'll stick with <uri link="http://slim.berlios.de">SLiM</uri>, the
407<c>gdm</c>. 414Simple Login Manager.
408</p>
409
410<p> 415</p>
411<c>xdm</c> is speedy and lightweight, but it isn't pretty, and isn't really 416
412customizable. If you'd like to use it, first <c>emerge</c> it:
413</p> 417<p>
418<c>slim</c> is speedy and lightweight, with minimal dependencies. Perfect for
419Xfce!
420</p>
414 421
415<pre caption="Installing XDM"> 422<pre caption="Installing SLiM">
416# <i>emerge -avt xdm</i> 423# <i>emerge -avt slim</i>
417</pre> 424</pre>
425
426<note>
427The <c>branding</c> USE flag will pull in the <c>slim-themes</c> package, which
428will give you an assortment of login themes, including a Gentoo Linux theme.
429</note>
418 430
419<p> 431<p>
420Then edit the DISPLAYMANAGER variable in <path>/etc/conf.d/xdm</path>: 432Then edit the DISPLAYMANAGER variable in <path>/etc/conf.d/xdm</path>:
421</p> 433</p>
422 434
423<pre caption="Editing /etc/conf.d/xdm"> 435<pre caption="Editing /etc/conf.d/xdm">
424DISPLAYMANAGER="xdm" 436DISPLAYMANAGER="slim"
425</pre> 437</pre>
426 438
427<p>
428<c>xdm</c> can automatically start your Xfce session if you add XSESSION="Xfce4"
429to <path>/etc/rc.conf</path>.
430</p> 439<p>
431 440SLiM can automatically start your Xfce session if you add
441<c>XSESSION="Xfce4"</c> to <path>/etc/env.d/90xsession</path>:
432<p> 442</p>
433While you can choose to stick with (the rather ugly) <c>xdm</c>, why not try
434<c>gdm</c> instead? It's far more configurable, and much, much prettier. First,
435let's <c>emerge</c> it. Note that though it has a few dependencies, they're
436small, and they're not as nearly as numerous as other display managers.
437</p>
438 443
439<pre caption="Installing GDM"> 444<pre caption="Setting XSESSION">
440# <i>emerge -avt gdm</i> 445# <i>echo XSESSION=\"Xfce4\" > /etc/env.d/90xsession</i>
441</pre> 446# <i>env-update &amp;&amp; source /etc/profile</i>
442
443<p>
444Next, change the DISPLAYMANAGER variable to use <c>gdm</c> instead of
445<c>xdm</c>:
446</p>
447
448<pre caption="Editing /etc/conf.d/xdm">
449DISPLAYMANAGER="gdm"
450</pre> 447</pre>
451 448
452</body> 449</body>
453</section> 450</section>
454<section> 451<section>
475to be able to access themes and icon sets. Individual users can install themes 472to be able to access themes and icon sets. Individual users can install themes
476and icon sets to <path>~/.themes/</path> and <path>~/.icons/</path>. 473and icon sets to <path>~/.themes/</path> and <path>~/.icons/</path>.
477</p> 474</p>
478 475
479<p> 476<p>
480If you installed GDM as your display manager, take a look at the many GDM themes 477If you installed SLiM as your display manager, there are lots of themes in the
481available on <uri link="http://www.gnome-look.org">Gnome-Look</uri>. To install 478<c>slim-themes</c> package available in Portage. Also, be sure to check the SLiM
482them, you can either unpack and move them to 479<uri link="http://slim.berlios.de/themes01.php">themes page</uri> for more
483<path>/usr/share/gdm/themes/</path> on the command line, or you can run 480themes. Creating your own SLiM theme is fairly easy; just read the <uri
484<c>gdmsetup</c> as <b>root</b> and drag'n'drop the archive into the GDM window. 481link="http://slim.berlios.de/themes_howto.php">Themes HowTo</uri>. Gentoo also
485There are some <uri 482ships a <c>slim-themes</c> package that you can <c>emerge</c>.
486link="http://gnome-look.org/content/show.php?content=45575">very nice</uri>
487Gentoo <uri
488link="http://gnome-look.org/content/show.php?content=20071">themes</uri>
489available.
490</p> 483</p>
491 484
492<p> 485<p>
493Finally, Xfce has its own built-in compositor to manage window transparency. 486Finally, Xfce has its own built-in compositor to manage window transparency.
494This option can be found in Menu --> Settings --> Window Manager. For best 487This option can be found in Menu --> Settings --> Window Manager. For best
511<uri link="/doc/en/index.xml?catid=desktop">Desktop Documentation 504<uri link="/doc/en/index.xml?catid=desktop">Desktop Documentation
512Resources</uri> list to learn about configuring hardware-accelerated rendering 505Resources</uri> list to learn about configuring hardware-accelerated rendering
513for your graphics card. 506for your graphics card.
514</p> 507</p>
515 508
516</body>
517</section>
518</chapter>
519
520<chapter id="upgrade">
521<title>Upgrading</title>
522<section>
523<title>Upgrading from 4.2 to 4.4</title>
524<body>
525
526<p>
527Upgrading from Xfce 4.2 to 4.4 isn't hard, but neither is it as simple as most
528upgrades. With the release of 4.4, many older packages are either deprecated, or
529their functionality has been included into the desktop in some other manner.
530</p> 509<p>
531 510Once you've finished setting up a beautiful Xfce desktop, the next thing to do
532<p> 511is take a picture of it to share with other folks! Just install
533First, update your Portage tree (<c>emerge --sync</c>), then see what Xfce 512<c>xfce4-screenshooter</c> and post your pictures somewhere for all to admire.
534updates are available (<c>emerge -pvtuD world</c>).
535</p>
536
537<p>
538You'll notice that there will be a list of packages that block upgrading, as
539most 4.2 packages cannot coexist with 4.4 packages. Here, the solution is pretty
540straightforward: just unmerge the blocking packages, as described in the <uri
541link="/doc/en/handbook/handbook-x86.xml?part=2&amp;chap=1">Portage
542Handbook</uri> and <c>man emerge</c>, then continue with the update.
543</p>
544
545<p>
546Next, you may need to rebuild certain packages, such as applications linked
547against <c>dbus</c>. You'll need to first install <c>gentoolkit</c> for this.
548Then, once <c>gentoolkit</c> is installed, run:
549</p>
550
551<pre caption="Rebuilding packages">
552# <i>revdep-rebuild -p</i>
553<comment>(If you see any output about broken packages, run this next command)</comment>
554# <i>revdep-rebuild</i>
555</pre>
556
557<note>
558For more information, please read <c>man revdep-rebuild</c> and our <uri
559link="/doc/en/gentoolkit.xml">Gentoolkit Guide</uri>.
560</note>
561
562<p>
563Once the rebuild has finished, run <c>revdep-rebuild -p</c> again, just to make
564sure you have a clean and consistent world. If anything still shows up, keep
565repeating <c>revdep-rebuild -p</c> and <c>revdep-rebuild</c> until there's no
566more output about broken packages. Most Xfce update problems stem from
567<c>dbus</c> issues, as Xfce uses <c>dbus</c> quite extensively.
568</p>
569
570<p>
571Next, restart <c>dbus</c> and/or <c>hal</c>.
572</p>
573
574<pre caption="Restarting dbus and hal">
575# <i>/etc/init.d/dbus restart</i>
576# <i>/etc/init.d/hald restart</i>
577</pre>
578
579<p>
580Finally, give yourself a fresh environment.
581</p>
582
583<pre caption="Updating the environment variables">
584# <i>env-update &amp;&amp; source /etc/profile</i>
585</pre>
586
587</body>
588</section>
589<section>
590<title>Settings</title>
591<body>
592
593<p>
594Make sure you familiarize yourself with all the new options available in the new
595Settings Manager. Of interest are the options in the Desktop screen; Xfce can
596now manage your desktop and place icons on it.
597</p>
598
599<p>
600There's also a Window Manager Tweaks screen, in which you can adjust the
601behavior of windows, workspaces, and transparency (if enabled).
602</p>
603
604<p>
605Be sure to read the <uri link="http://www.xfce.org/documentation/">Xfce
606Documentation</uri> and take the <uri link="http://www.xfce.org/about/tour">Xfce
607Tour</uri> to learn more about 4.4 and how to configure it.
608</p> 513</p>
609 514
610</body> 515</body>
611</section> 516</section>
612</chapter> 517</chapter>
634</p> 539</p>
635 540
636<ul> 541<ul>
637 <li><uri link="http://forums.gentoo.org">The Gentoo forums</uri></li> 542 <li><uri link="http://forums.gentoo.org">The Gentoo forums</uri></li>
638 <li>#xfce on irc.freenode.net</li> 543 <li>#xfce on irc.freenode.net</li>
544 <li>
545 The installed help files and other documentation provided by Xfce:
546 <path>/usr/share/xfce4/doc/C/index.html</path>. Just point your browser at
547 it and start reading. There are even a lot of "hidden" configuration options
548 detailed in the help files.
549 </li>
639 <li><uri link="http://www.xfce.org">Xfce's home page</uri></li> 550 <li><uri link="http://www.xfce.org">Xfce's home page</uri></li>
640</ul> 551</ul>
641 552
642</body> 553</body>
643</section> 554</section>

Legend:
Removed from v.1.4  
changed lines
  Added in v.1.31

  ViewVC Help
Powered by ViewVC 1.1.20